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Full text of "The Parliamentary or constitutional history of England, from the earliest times, to the restoration of King Charles II"

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O R 

Hiftory of England; 



Of all the 

Moft remarkable TRANSACTION f 

From the earlieft TIMES, 


Reftoration of King CHARLES II, 


From the RECORDS, the JOURNALS of both HOUSES, original 
MANUSCRIPTS, fcarce SPEECHES, and TRACTS ; all com- 
pared with the feveral Contemporary Writers, and connected, 
throughout, with the Hiftory of the Times. 


Juvat integrofs accedere Fontes, 

From the Call of the Houfc of Commons, November i, 1642, till thq 
Convention at Oxford, in January 1643. 


Printed, and fold by WILLIAM SANDBY, againft St. Dnr.f-ans CburfZ, 
'Fleet-Street. M D C C L XII. 


Parliamentary H iftor y 

O F 


the firft of November the Commons An 
O ^ ordered, That all their Members, living 
within fixty Miles of London, and not 
employed in the Service of that Houfe, 
fhould attend within three Days; all at The Comni 
a farther Diftance, within eight Days ; and that fuch nqnire the At- 
as did not appear within the Times limited, fhould tendance of their 
be fentforbyMefiengers, who were to bring them U p. Members - 

This Order was occafioned by the Thinnefs of 
the Houfe, for fome Months paft, which appears 
by the following Divifions extracted from their "jour- 
nals. The moft material Points, which gave Oc- 
cafion to thefe, have been taken Notice of in their 
pfoper Order of Time : The Numbers, only, will 
be therefore fufficient for this Review. 
June 27. 42 againft 27. Aug. 15. 42 againfr 3 3. The State of that 

30. 49 againft 35. 17. 43 againft 16. Houle tftili 

July 9. 125 againft 45. 27. 69 againft 26. Time * 

19. 69 againft 5 1. Sept. 2. 40 againft 29. 

23. 89 againft 43. 29. 53 againft 36. 

26. 50 againft 33. In Gfiober not one D;vi- 

28. 82 againft 32. lion enter'd. 



The Parliamentary HISTORY 

It may very juflly be inquired, What could occa* 
fion fuch an Abfence, at a Time when fo great a 
Number of Refolutions pats'd, deeply affecting the 
November. Conftitution of this Kingdom f A brief Recapitu- 
lation of fome Tranfachons in our latt Volume will 
iupply an Anfwer. 

It may be remembered that there was a Call of 
the Houfe on the i6th of June lad ; and, on that 
Occafion, a Refolution pafs'd, by a Majority of 147 
Voices againft 91, That none of the Abfentces 
fhould be admitted to take their Seats, till they had 
made their Excufe to a Committee appointed for 
thatPurpofe, and that Excufe reported and allowed 
of by the Houfe. Moft of the Members then abfent, 
whofe Names are entered in the Commons Joitr-* 
naif of that Day, were with the King at York ; and 
as they could have little Reafon to expecl: That Ex- 
cufe for their Abfence would be accepted by the 
Houfe, it is very probable few of them ever returned. 
Add to this, That 

After the King had ifTued his Commiflion of Ar- 
ray many more Members left the Houfe, and went 
into their feveral Counties to put the fame into Ex- 
ecution : And others were fent, at the fame Time, 
by the Parliament to execute their Ordinance for the 
Militia ; moft of the Deputy-Lieutenants being 
Members of the Houfe of Commons. 

When the Commons, on the eleventh Day of 
Auguft laft, voted, That they would fupport the Earl 
of EJ/ex with their Lives and Fortunes, they alfo 
refolved, That every Member, then abfent, mould 
declare himfelf at his next coming into the Houfe ; 
which undoubtedly kept away many who had not 
Courage enough to make that Declaration ; whilft 
fome others, of a more refolute Difpofition, loft their 
Lives, on both Sides of the Queftion, at the late 
Battle of Edge- Hill. Laftly, 

During the Months of Auguft and September laft, 
near fifty Members had been expelled the Houfe ; 
and, though Writs were iflued out for fupplying 
their Places, it is hardly to be imagined that many 
new Elections could be made at a Time when the 


Of E N G L A N D. 3 

Orders of the Houfe of Commons were as little re- An. 18. Car. I. 
gardW by the Sheriffs and returning Officers of fome 
Counties, as the King's Proclamations by others 5 
and when a confiderable Part of the Kingdom was 
covered by two oppofite Armies. 

The Names of the Members fo expelled, with 
the Reafons of their Expulfion, and the Places they 
ferved for, may not be improper ; as they tend to 
illuftrate many PafTages in the fucceeding Volumes 
of this Work. a 

MEMBERS expelled in the Month e/Auguft, 1642, 

4 *Rob*rt^ Hide, Serjeant at Ngw -S*rum. 

5 *Sir Ralph Hopton, Knight 7 * ,, 

of the Bath, J 

*Tloomas Smith, -Efq; Bridgeivater. 

8 *Sir John Pawlett, Kt. J 

*Sir John Stawell, Knight > Somerfetjhire, 

of the Bafb y 3 

9 Sir Nicholas Slanningi Kt. Penryn. 
3O John Griffith, Efq; Beaumaris. 
II * Edward Hydt, Efq; Saltafi. 

*Robert Holborne, Efq; MichelL 

* Edward Kirtcn, Efq; Milborn-Port. 
12 *John Coventry, Efqj Evejham. 

*Sir Edward Rodney, Kt. Wells. 

1 6 * Nicholas Wejlon, Efq; Stafford. 

*Col. George Goring, Portfmouth. 
2O *Sir John Packington, Bart. Aylejlury. 

*Sir H. Herbert, Knt. Bewdley. 

^Samuel Sandys, Efq; Droitwitch. 

The three laft for executing the Commiffion of 

22 *Gervafe Holies, Efq; Grimfby. 

A 2 Jug. 

a For thofe Place* diftinguifhed thus * the Journals only take 
Notice of Writs being iffued for new ElefHons j and where we have 
not mentioned the Reafons for the Expulfion ot the refpeftive Mem- 
bers, none are afligned by thofc Authorities, 

4 ffle Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. Aug. 2.6. Sir William Wld- \ A r , , , , 
6 , v > Northumberland* 

dnngton, Knt. $ 

^^^ Sir William Carnaly, Kt. Morpetb. 

The laft two for refufing to attend the Service 
of the Houfe. 

29 Orlando Bridgeman, Efq; JPian. 
For aflifting Lord Strange at Che/ler. 

Kirkby^ Efq; LaXcaJbirg* 

30 Sir Richard Cavs, Knt, Litchfidd. 

MEMBERS expelled in September, 1642. 
2 *ChriJlopker Lewkener, Efq; Cbichejier, 
eSlrWl/lamSavile, Knt. 1 ^ 5 

tf^ Bart. 5 

, Efq; York/hire. 

John Bellafys, Efq; 57;/r^. 

Sir Henry Sling/by^ Bart. Knar eft) rough. 

Sir Thomas Danby^ Knt. Richmond. 

Sir George Wentworth* of 1 n r n 

7 i, , v > Pontefraft. 

Wooley, Knt. 5 

Sir Thomas Ingrain* Knt. Thirjke. 

William Mallory, Efq; Ripon. 

Richard Aldburgh, Efq; Aldburgb. 

The lad nine for negle&ing the Service of the 
Houfe, and fetting their Hands to a Petition 
contrived in Yarkjhire y and fent up to Par- 
liament. b 

Sir y<?^ StrangivayeS) Knt. Weymoutb. 

For neglecting the Service of Parliament. 

Sir Richard Lee Bart. ?/<?/>. 

Sir Robert Hoiuard, Knt. 7 r>-/i /^ /j/ 

of the ^/A, [ Bfiops-CaJVe. 

j Sir Chrifl. Hatton^ Knt. Higham Ferrers. 

Sir Robert Hatton, Knt. CaJlle-Rtfing. 

Thcfc four for executing the Gommiffion of 
Array after it was declared illegal, and for 
not appearing on Summons. 

fc This Petition may be found in our Eleventh Volume, 


Sept. 7. Geoffrey Palmer, Efq; Stamford. 
For not appeal ing on Summons. 

TT ^ 7 T-/- r\ r November. 

Henry Coke, Efq; Dunwicb. 

Sir Tbo. Fan/haw, Knt. Lancajhr. 

Thefe two for neglecting the Service of the 
Houfe, and not appearing on Summons. 

12 Richard Rogers, Efq; Dqrfttjbirt. 

For fending Forces into Sherborne Caflle. 

- Richard Herbert, Efq; Montgomery. 

For putting the CommifHon of Array in Execu- 
tion in the County Salop. 

1 6 * Tho. Cbicbelty, Efq; Cambridge fnire. 

1 8 Sir Be vile Grenville, Knt. Cornwall. 

22 Lord Vifcount Falkland, \ ^ 

23 Sir "Frederick Cormualli^ 1 r> 

Knt. of the Bath. 5 J 

29 Sir Ralph Sydenham.i Knt. Boffiney. 

We meet with no Expulfions of Members in 
Oflober ; but, on the 24th of that Month, one Gen- 
tleman was in very great Danger of lofing his Seat, 
if he had not inftantly complied with the Terms re- 
quired by the Houfe for his Continuance in it : For 
we find in the Journals of this Day, That the Vote 
for afliftir.g the Earl of EJJex, 6'c. being read to 
Sir John Evelyn, Member for Blecbingley, and his 
Anfwer demanded, he defired Time to confider of 
that Vote ; upon which he was ordered to. with^ 
draw. Then the Houfe fell into Confideration of 
the Quality of his Offence ; and finding, That if any 
Member might have Liberty, when a Queftion was 
propofed, to refufe giving any Anfwer, it would de- 
ihoy the Courfe and Proceedings of Parliament : It 
was thereupon refolved, c That the faid Sir John 
Evtlyn (hall be fufpended from the Houfe, difarmed 
by the Deputy-Lieutenants of Surrey, and commit- 
ted Prifoner to the Tower during the Pleafure of that 

Houfe.' But Sir John Evelyn defiring to be heard 

A 3 before 

6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. before Judgment given; and, his Requeft being 
1642. complied with, he declared himfelf in the Affirma- 
*"~""V7*-' tive to the Vote concerning the Earl of EJftx, and 
r * offered to lend 100 /. upon the Propofitions. The/ 
Houfe accepted his Anfwer and his Offer, and im- 
mediately ordered, That the former Votes and 
Sentences {hould be revoked. 

Thus much may fuffice to give a View of the 
State of the Houfe of Commons during the laft five 
Months : We fhall, now, proceed with the Bufi- 
nefs of Parliament. 

Both Houfes had been bufy in making Orders 
for oppofing Sir Ralph Hopton's Armament, in the 
Weft of England r , and the other in Wales, men-- 
tioned in Secretary Nicholas's Letter ; which had 
been communicated to the Citizens of London at 
the Guildhall, by the Earl of Pembroke, on the 2;th 
of the laft Month. 

?roceedings to- Thefe two new raifed Armies appeared fo formi- 
wardsaPcace. dable to the Parliament, that, in all Probability, it 
itirred up the late Motion for fettling a Peace, and 
brought on the further Confitleration of it this Day, 
November 2. The Refult of which was, That to 
prevent the further Effufion of Blood, and to fettle 
the prefent Diftraftions of the Kingdom, a Confe- 
rence fhould be held, in which the following Letter 
{hould be communicated to the Commons, which, 
the Committee of Safety had received from their 
Lord-General, in anfwer to one wrote to him on 
this Occafion. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

The Earl of EJ- Tff aV e received a Letter from you, that mentions an 
' bumble Petition to be directed to his Majcjlv, to 
/ave the Effufun of more Blood. In the f.rft Place* 
1 ought to acknowledge the Favour of your dejiring to 
bear frcm me, before you fend it. In tb: fecond 
Place, To declare that an happy Accommodation for the 
Advancement of Religion, the Flourishing of thisKing- 
dcni, with its antitKt Rights, the Saving the Effufan 



of more Blood, and tie uniting Us Majefly to bis Par- An. 18. Car. I. 
litfftient, none fuail pray fr more, nor receive with 1642. 
more Joy, than m\jelf. ^T~ V ~\? t 

If 7 had not, by the Commands of the Parliament > 
been here to govern this Army, I fiould have given 
my Attendance upon you j and fiould have aifcharged 
my Conference, to the beji of my Abilities, honeftly end 
clearly ; but, being abfent, and not hearing the De- 
bates, nor from whence this hath rifen, I mujl fubmit 
myfelf to iheir greater Judgments ; and Jhall, with 
all Obedience, fubinit both to what they /hall do \ and 
to city their former Commands to advance towards 
London, to inter pofe, with my uimcjl^ between them 
and all Dangers. 

Your Lordfhips 

fJyrtbamptiri, ? 

AVf. i, 1642. 5 Humble Servant, 


Notwithftanding the laft- mentioned Military Pre- 
parations, and the Earl of EJfex's Declaration of his 
Readinefs to inarch towards London, both Houfes 
thought fit to proceed in their pacific Meafuresj and 
ordered a Petition to the King, to be drawn up for 
thatPurpofe: But, previous to this, 'left the Affec- 
tions of the People ihould grow cold/ as mf.Pymmf 
expreffed himfelf at the Conference, a Declaration 
was to be publifhed to this Purport : 

' Whereas the Lords and Commons have or- Both Houfcs at 

* dered, That it fliould be referred to the Committee the fame Time 
< for Safety of the Kingdom, to prepare Heads for Ee'eT *** 

* an humble Addrefs to his Majefty, for compofmg 
1 the prefent Differences and Diftraclions, and fet- 

* tling the prefent Peace of the Kingdom, and to 
' prefent k to the Houfe : Yet to prevent all Mif- 
' conftructions or Neglects, whereby our juft De- 

* fence may be hindered, we do declare, That the 

* Preparations of Forces, and all other neceffary 
Means for the Defence of the Proteftant Religion, 

* the Privileges of Parliament, and the Laws and 
' Liberties of the Subject, iball be profecuted with. 
4 all Vigour.' 


8 *Ihe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. The Lords agreed to this Declaration, and or- 
I0 4--, dered it to be forthwith printed and publifhed. 

^ ^*y~"^^ 

Nov. 3. A Draught of this Petition, or Addrefs, 
to the King, was read by the Lords this Day ; and, 
afterwards, agreed to by both Houtes, as follows : 

Their Petition JTfE your Majcjly's mojl loyal Subjects, the Lords 
t e ing or rr an j Commons in Parliament ajjembled^ being 
affetted with a deep and piercing Senfg of the Miferies 
of this Kingdom^ and of the Danger of his Majefty's 
Perfen, as the prcfent Affairs now Jiand- y and much 
quickened therein with the fad Confederation of the 
great Effufion of Blood at the. late Battle, and of the 
JLofs of fo many eminent Perfons : And further weigh- 
ing the Addition of Lofs, Mifery, and Danger to yci-.r 
Majefty and your Kingdom, which mujl enjue, if both 
Armies fhould again join in another Battle; as, with- 
out God's efpecial BleJJing, end your Majeftys Con- 
currence with your Houjts of Parliament^ wilt not 
probably be avoided \ we cannot but believe that a 
fuitable Imprejjion of Tendernejs and Covipajjion is 
wrought in your Majtft'/s Royal Heart, being your- 
felf an Eye-Witnefs of the bhody and forrowful De- 
Jirufiion of fo many of your Subjs j and that your 
' Majefty doth apprehend what Diminution of your own 
Power and Greatnefs will follow ; and that all your 
Kingdoms will thereby be fa weakened^ as to become 
fubjcft to the Attempts of any ill- affected to this 

In all which Refpetfs we aJJ'ure ourfches, that your 
Majcfty will be inclined graciniijly to accept this out- 
humble Petition, that the Alifcry and Defoliation of 
this Kingdom may be Jpeedily removed and prevented \ 
for the effecting whereof we msjl humbly befcech \o:*r 
Majefty to appoint fame convenient Place, not far from 
the City of London, inhere year Alajtlly will be 
file a fed to re fide ^ untill Committees of Lit h Houfes of 
Parliament may attend your Majejly, with fome Pro- 
psfitions for the Removal of thefe bloody Diftempen 
and Di/ira^ions, and fettling the State of the King- 
dtm t in fu.h a Manner as may conduce ti the Prejer- 



Cation cf God's true Religion , your Majefty s Honour, An. 18. Car } 
Safety, and Profperity ; and to the Peace, Comfort, 
and Security of all ysur People. 

The Houfes next confidered of the Manner of 
delivering this Petition to the King; and, fince the 
Way they lent their laft was fo difagreeable to him, 
it was thought proper, That a Committee of Lords 
and Commons fhould be fent with it : But, firfl, 
that a Letter fhould be wrote to one of the Secre- 
taries of State, or fome Peer near his Majefty, to 
defire a Safe-Conduct for thefe Perfons ; and that a 
Trumpet fhould be fent before the Meffenger, to 
defire a Safe-Conduct for the Delivery of their Letter. 
Accordingly the Lord Grey of Werk, Speaker of the 
Houfe of Lords pro Tempore, wrote the following 
Letter, directed to the Right Honourable the Lord 
Vifcount Falkland, Principal Secretary to his Ma- 
jefty, or, in his Abfence, for Mr. Secretary Nicho- 
las, or any of the Lords the Peers, attending his 

My Lords, 

J Am commanded, by the Lords the Peers, and Com- Lord G/s Let- 
* mans ajjembled in Parliament, ty addrefs, by you, ter deiiring a 
their bumble Defer es to bis Majefty, that be would *r^'SJ"** r 

i r r / o r /~> t n /-^ ,Jhsir Meflengcrs. 

pleajea to grant his ^aje-Londiici to a Lommittee of 
Lords and Commons to pafs and repafs unto- his Ma- 
jefty, who are directed to attend him zuith an humble 
petition from bis Parliament. 

This being all I have in Commifjion, I rcjl 

Your aflUred Friend and Servant, 

WJhmnJlcr, this 

" '^ Speaker of the Houfe of Peers 

pro Tempore. 

Nothing intervened, worth Notice, till the 5th ; 
when the Lord Grey received an Anfwer to his 
Letter to the Secretary, which was read. 


ro The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 8. Car. l.To the Right Honourable the Lord Grey of Werk 9 
l_^*_j Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tempore. 

November. My Lord, 

"Which is grant- T T^ Maje/ly hath commanded me, in Anfwer to 
ed by the King. -*^ your Lord/hip's of the third prefent, to fignify 
to you, That he always hath been, and is Jlill, ready 
to receive the humble Petition of either or both Houfes 
of Parliament j and Jhall take Order, that a Com- 
mittee of Lords and Commons may pafs and repafs to 
him, with the Petition cf both Houfes, as is de/ired j 
fo as the /aid Committee confifts of Perfons that have 
not been by his Majejiy, either by Name, declared 
Traitors ; or otherwife, in fame cf his Declarations of 
Proclamations, executed againft by Name, with his In- 
tention declaring to proceed againft them as Traitors ; 
and fo as the faid Committee come not with more than 
ihirty Perfons in their Company, and give Notice be- 
fore-hand ofiheir coming : jlnd for the faid Commit- 
tee's better Security, his Majejiy, upon the Receipt of 
their Names, will give a Safe-Conduft for them under 
his Hand and Signet. This being all I have in Com- 
mand to deliver to your Lordjhip, I humbly rejl 
' Your Lorclfhip's 

Reading, Nov. 4, 164*. Moft humble Servant, 


To this Letter, the Lord Grey was dire&ed to 
return the following Anfwer; but fince this Anfwer 
and the confequent Rejoinders were the chief Bufi- 
nefs of fome Days, we {hall put them all together, 
for the Reader's greater Eafc in the Perufal. 

To the Right Honourable the Lord Vifcount Falk- 
land, Principal Secretary to his Majefty ; or, in 
his Abfcnce, to any of the Lords the Peers at- 
tending his Majefty, 

My Lord, 

Several other J Have received a Command from the Lords sind 
Letters in confe--* Commons in Parliament, to fend you the Names of 
rcot; two Lords; that is to fay, Algernon Earl */ North- 


umberland, Philip Earl of Pembroke and Mont- An. 18. Car. !. 

gornery, and of four Members of the Hoitfe of Com- 

mons, Mr. Pierrepont, the Lord Wenman, Sir John 

Evelin of Wilts, and Sir John Hippifly ; being the 

Committees of both Houfe s appointed to attend his Ma- 

jefty with an bumble Petition diretted from them to his 

Majefty ; defiring your Lordjhlp will be pleafed to move 

his Majefly to fend a Safe-ConducJ, to pafs and re- 

$afs, under his Rcyal Hand and Signet, for the f eve* 

ral Perfons aforementioned. 

This being all that 1 have in Commijfion y I rejl 

Your Lordfhip's Friend and Servant, 

Weftminfter, tti, yb GREY of 

f N 1 6 v 4 e 2 n ; ber ' Speaker to the Houfe of Peers 

pro Temp ore. 

To the Right Honourable the Lord Grey of Werk* 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Temper e. 

My Lord, 

JrOUR Lordjhtfs Letter, of the fifth of No- 
vember I Jhewed his Majejiy, who hath expreJJy 
commanded me to return your Lordjhlp this Anfwer 
in thefe few Words, That his Majefty hath fent 
(which I have inclofed) a Safe -Conduct, under his 
Royal Hand and Signet, for the Earl ^Northumber- 
land, and the Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, 
Mr. Pierrepoint, the Lord Wenman, and Sir John 
Hippifly ; but hath not admitted Sir John Evelin of 
Wilts to attend him, as being included in the Excep- 
tion made by his Majefly in the Letter fent by Mr. 
Secretary Nicholas to your Lordjhip of the ^th, as by 
the inclofed Proclamation, proclaimed at his Majejiy' s 
Court at Oxford, and ff.nt, with a Writ fealed, into 
the County of Wilts, will appear. His Majejiy hath 
likewife commanded me to fignify to your Lord/hip^ 
That in cafe the Houfesjball think Jit to fend any other 
Perfon in the Place of Sir John Evelin, that is not 
included in the Exception made in Mr. Secretary's 
Letter before-mentioned, his Majefly hath commanded 
all his Officers, Ss!diers y and other Subjefts, to fuffer 


12> The Parliamentary Hi 6 TOR v 

Aq. 18. Car. I. him as freely to fafs and repnfs as if his Name bacf 

1642. been particularly comprifed in this Safe-Condi4fl '. 
November being all that I have in Commfjfion^ I rejl 

Your Lordfhip's humble Servant, 

Reading, tbit 6/$ 

(f November, FALKLAND. 


His Majcfty's SAFE-CONDUCT. 


f\U R Will and Pleasure is, and we da hereby 
^~* Jlriftly charge and command all the Officers and 

Soldiers of cur present Army^ and all our Minijhrs 
and Subjects tvhatfiever y 10 fufer our Right Trujiy 
apd Right Well-beloved Coujins and Counfellors Al- 
gernon ar/c/~ Northumberland, and Philip Earl of 
Pembroke and Montgomery, and our Right Trujly 
and Right Well- helmed Coufm Thomas Lord Vif- 
count \Venman, and our Irufty and Well-beloved 
William Pierrepont, Efq\ and Sir John Hippifly, 
Knight^ (together with their Attendants y not exceed- 
ing the Number of Thirty) to pafs and repafs to and 
from i^, they being now Jcnt to attend us with a Pe- 
tition from both our ffoujfs of Parliament. This our 
Safe-Condut) under our Royal Hand and Signet^ w: 
charge and command them, and every of 'them , punc- 
tually to obferue and obey, as they will anfwer the con- 
trary at thetr ultermcft Perils. 

Given at our Court at Reading, this 6th of No- 
vember , 1642. 

TheKiaghtving Then was read the Proclamation, mentioned in 
bjeaed againft Lord Falkland'?, Letter, as a Reafon why the King 
^>^;' t s excepted againlt Sir John Evelin t as one of the 
Coasnttce, Commiflioners j after" which a great Debate enfued 

C Sir John Eveli'n, Sir Edward tfur^erferJ, Sir Henry luJ'nv, 
and Walter Long, Efq; all of them Members of the Hcufe of Com- 
roons, were, by Nnni^, t-xcepted in the King's Proclamation of Par- 
.:. :-j tlic County of If'iln, dated at Oxford, November 2. 164;. 
Ilujbands > t Cotleftiem, p. 730. 

'Of E N G L A N D. 13 

in the Houfe of Lords, and the Queflion being put, An. iS. Car. i. 
Whether the Lord Falkland's laft Anfvver fhould be l6 * 2 ' 

fent to the Commons with the Senf'e of this Houfe < rT^ v T~ - ' 
. , ^ rr i r i i i November. 

upon it, or without it : it palled for the latter, and 

was fent down accordingly. 

November 7. The Earl of EJJex being this Day 
in the Houfe of Lords, they received a MefTage from 
the Commons, importing, That now the Lord- 
General was returned, they ought to remember his 
great Care of the Army and Hazard of his Perfon, 
which he {bewecl in this Expedition : And, to that 
Purpofe, they'defired the Lords to join with them 
in appointing a Committee of both Houfes, to draxv 
up an Acknowledgement of Thanks for his Care, 
and for his Obedience to their Commands. 

A Committee of both Houfes was, accordingly, 
appointed to draw up an Addrefs of Thanks to the 
Lord-General. The Commons further defired that 
his Excellency might be commanded to give his Or- 
ders to draw out the Army, as fpeedily and as con- 
veniently as he could, for the Defence of the King- 
dom, and to prevent the Outrages of the King's 
Treops ; that Houfe being informed that Prince 
Rupert was now about Windfor. 

To this the Lord-General faid, That the Army 
had had a long March ; but, as foon as they were 
fit, he would quarter them In fuch Places as {hould 
be moil convenient for the Prefervation of thofe 

The fame Day the Commons fent up a Vote of 
their Houfe, on the King's Objection to Sir John 
Eveliri) to this Purpofe : 

Refblved, ' That this Houfe holds it to be a De-g ot ij Houfes &- 
rial in his Majefty, and a Refufal to grant a Treaty dare this to be a 
with the Parliament, in excepting unto one O f the Re ( ufal of PCACC 
MefTengers that were to prefent a Petition unto him. " 
from both Houfes, and denying to grant him a Safe- 

The Queftion being put, by the Lords, Whether 
the King's Safe-Conduct (houid be accepted upon 
thefe Terms ? It paflTed in the Negative. 


14 'The Parliamentary His TOR v 

As. iS. Car. I. After this'a Committee of both Houfes were ap- 
1641. pointed to go into the City of London, to acquaint. 
^7 v- ' the Common-Hall with all the Ways the Far- 
e-van tr. ij ament nac ] u f e( j to procure a Treaty for a Peace, 
without being able to effect it ; and to quicken them 
to a Refolution of defending and maintaining their 
Liberties and Religion, with their Lives and For- 
An<i fend a Com- tunes. Likewife, the Committee of Safety were 
t ? ac ". ordered to prepare a Declaration upon this Denial 

quaint tnc CHty _ , .__. ' * . . - r 

of Lander, there- f tne Kings to admit fuch Members as were ap- 

*-ith. pointed, by both Houfes, to prcfent their Petition ; 

one of the Heads of which was to be, the King's 

expreffing a Readinefs to receive a Petition from the 

Rebels in Ireland. 

November 8. Two of the Committees from the 
Parliament to the City, on the above Occafion, were 
the Lord Brooke and Sir Henry Vane, junior ; whofe 
Speeches, at the Guildhall, being yet prcferved, we 
here fubjoin them in their own Words us follows ; k 

And firft Lord Brooke. 

My Lord Mayor and Allermcn, and tbe reft of tbt 
Gentlemen here ajjemblcd^ 

Lord tfresjf's ' T Am to deliver a MefTage to you from the 
S?rh to the |_ Lords and Commons now afTembled in Par- 
Citizeas. Jiament ; but before I do that, I (hall crave Leave 

to excufe fomething that hath happened : There 
fhould have been divers Lords, and fome Gentle- 
men of the Houfe of Commons here, far fitter to 
have done this Work that is no\v put upon me, if 
they could poffibly have attended the Service, who 
were appointed by the Houfe j as the Lord-General 
of the Horfe, the Earl of Bedford, and fome other 
Lords ; but you will all conceive that they, being 
all Men employed in the Army, could not attend 
this your Service ; tho' they are about your Service 
and the Good of the Kingdom, which is giving 
Order for your Safety, and theirs ; and therefore, I 


k From the Colljons of the late Tb'.vat Sclattr Bacon, EK; of 
Cambridge, to which we arc obliged for many cutioai 
thrfc Tiroes. 

Of E N G L A N D. 15 

hope, you will take it in good Part, that there is no An. 18. Car. i 
other Appearance here. l6 4 z - 

* Gentlemen, what I have to fay to you, in ftiort, V 7T" V "7"" 1 
is this : I fuppofe, at this Time of Action, you will 
not expect long Prefacings ; if you do, I am the 
unfitteft Man in the World to do it : I {hall there- 
fore (hortly deliver my Mefiage. 1 doubt not but 
you have heard fome Whifperings of an Accommo- 
dation ; and no Man that is an Honeft Man, a Re- 
ligious Man, a Free Man, that loves Religion and 
the Kingdom, but would have an Accommodation; 
for nothing is more miferable, and nothing is more 
diffracting than War : But that an Accommodation 
fhould come upon Terras ignoble and difadvantage- 
ous, that never was in the Thought of either Houie, 
and I hope never will be ; and, I am ordered to tell 
you, never mall be. 

' I am at this Time to intreat you, in the Name 
of both Houfes of Parliament, to go on courage - 
oufly > and fight, and prepare yourfelves for that 
which is at hand : W^e hear the Enemies approach 
nearer every Day, who aim at nothing elfe but to 
fwallow up our Religion, Lives, Liberties, and 
Eftates ; and therefore it becomes you to labour to 
defend them all. 

' I have more to fay, but it is better faid here in 
the Votes of the Houfes of Lords and Commons; 
I defire they fhould be read unto you, and therein 
you will fully underftand what their Senfe is. 

Monday, yth of November, 1642. 
The Qiieftion being put, Whether a Safe-Conduft 
Jball be accepted upon thefe Terms ? It pafs'd with, 
the Negative. 

e This was, firft, in the Houfe of Commons. 
The. Meaning of this Vote is, There was a Safe- 
Conduct defired of his Majefty for fix Perfons, two 
of the Houfe of Lords, viz. the Earl of Pembroke 
and the Earl of Northumberland^ and four of the 
Houfe. of Commons ; among thefe there was one 
Sir John EveUn> of Wilt/hire : The King would not 


1 6 *&} Parliamentary Hisrokv 

is. Car. I, let him have a Safe-Conduit, becaufe he was one thrrt 
was named, by him, a Traitor the Day before; an4 
that was done, as is thought, on purpofe to take him 
off from being one; therefore the Houfe of Com- 
mons did look upon that as a Denial, in that he could 
not have a Safe-Conduct. This Vote of theirs was 
prefented to the Houfe of Lords, and they concur- 
ed with it, i>:z. 

Refolved, upon the Queftion, 
This Hiuf'e hddeth this to be a Denial of his Ma- 
jefty, and a Refufal to grant a Treaty to the Parlia- 
ment, in excepting againjl one of the Meffcngers that 
was to prefent a Petition to his Majejiy from both 
Houfes to that Purpofe, and denying to grant him a 

Rcfulvcd, &c. 

That Committees of both Houfes Jhall be appointed to 
go to the City of London, to acquaint the Common- 
Hall with all the Ways the Parliament hath ufed to 
procure a Treaty for a Peace, and could not effctt it ; 
find to quicken them to a Refolution of defending and 
maintaining their Liberties, and their Religion, with 
their Lives and Fortunes ; and that they have appointed 
a Committee to prepare a Declaration, upon tJ^is 
Denial of his Majefty to admit fucb Members as were 
Appointed, by both Houfe s, to prefent a Petition to his 
Majefty for a Treaty ; and of his Majefiys expreffmg 
his Willingncfs to receive a Petition from the Rebels in 

6 Here is one Thing more, Gentlemen, that is 
worth your taking Notice of; this is fo well faid, 
I {hall not need to fay it over again ; only here, in 
the latter End, you fee there is a Committee ap- 
pointed to come hither, to give you an Account of 
tjie Reafons moving them on to this Action ; and 
to fhew you all the Ways they have ufed, if it were 
poflible, to have procured a Treaty for a Peace. 

* There is another Thing in the End, very re- 
markable, which you may very well take Notice 
of: His Majefty will not, but upon Terms altoge- 
ther unfitting, accept of any Treaty from us -, yet, 


O/* ENGLAND. 17 

at the fame Time, is willing to receive a Petition An. iS, Car. !. 
from the Rebels in Ireland. 

We are no Rebels ; but dutiful in all we do : 
They are Rebels and Traitors in the Judgment of 
all Men ; and yet he will receive no Petition from 
us 3 but he will receive a Petition from them !' 

Sir Henry Fane fpoke to this Effect : 

My Lord Mayor and Alder men ^ and the reft of the 
Gentlemen here 

TT is not unknown to you, with what Diffi-SkFw? ?*', 

|_ culties, with what pangers, both Houfes of 
Parliament have a long Time conflicted, for to 
bring the Liberties, and the Religion, and the Wel- 
fare, of this Kingdom into fuch a Pofture as might 
give all the Inhabitants thereof full Satisfaction. 
It is not unknown likewife, how bufy the Ene- 
mies of this great Work have been, to caft Scan- 
dals, to caft falfe Afperfions, upon the Proceedings, 
upon the Carriage of Parliament ; they therefore 
thought fit, (that they might undeceive all Perfons 
of the greateft Malice, and of the greateft Oppofi- 
tion to their Endeavours) not long iince, to frame 
a Petition ; a Petition full of Humility, a Petition 
full of*Modefty, whereby they did defire his Maje- 
fty that they might apply themfelves to make fuch 
Proportions to him, as might effect this great 

' This Petition, that it might be delivered, they 
thought fit for to name (as this Noble Lord hath 
told you) fix Perfoos ; two of the Lords Houfe, 
and four of the Houfe of Commons j Men that they 
thought altogether without the leaft Scruple, with" 
out the leaft Exception, knowing that nothing in 
the Carriage of thefe Perfons could render them lia- 
ble to Exception, but their Duty and Obfervance to. 
the Commands of both Houfes. When the Names 
of thefe Perfons were fent to his Majefty, for to 
have a Safe-Conduct, immediately, I think the very 
Pay before, there came out a Proclamation againft 
one of them, excepting him put of the Grace and 
VOL. XII. B Fa- 

1 8 The Pat 'lla:nc::tnry- HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. Favour of his Majefty, as it is termed, and laying 
\ 5 tl* him in the Condition of a Rebel and of a "i 

him, for his Obedience to, and 
of, the Commands of .Parliament. 

' This being; brought to b<,th rloufes, they looked 
on it as a Buiinefs of f,ch grent Importance, that 
if they {hould fuffer any one Member, or any one 
Perfon, that, through hrs Dutifulnefs und ' 
vance of their Commands, Ihould lie under aCknnr 
with his Majefty, fo as rot to be a:i:^iitc<! 
Prcfence, but be looked at in fuch a Condition, as 
this Proclamation put him in : They looked on it> 
I fay, as the preateft Iiuiicrnity, and the 
Calumny that could befall a Patliarrfftit ; a:vJ tru* 
greateft Difcouragement that ihould lie upon all 
.Men to ftand to a Parliament, if they fliould not 
be defended and protected : Hereupon they rdblved 
to declare, That the Unwillin|:nefs lav not in them 
to make Peace ; but it lay in that ill Counfel, and 
that defperr.te Counfel, that hath hemm'd in his Ma- 
iefty ; ai'.d will not fuffer fuch Points, \vi!I not fuf- 
fer fuch Proportions as thefe, to take Effect with 
him; but will labour to deftroy all your Kftates and" 
Properties, and all that is near and dvar to you in 
this Kingdom. 

' The Houfe of Commons, therefore, have 
thought it fit to acquaint you with thefe Proceed- 
ings ; to Jet you krtow how careful they are, by all 
Ejod Ways, and by all good.Means, to prefent their 
oyalty and Duty to his Majefty, to take Care of 
themfelves, and all that belongs to you : But, when 
they fee all will not take Effect, they doubt not 
but you will join cm.lially, and join refolutely, with 
your Purfes, and with your Endeavours, and with 
all that lies in your Power, to acquit yo.urfelves 
like Men ; to defend yourfelves ; to defend them 
that have laboured in your Work, in your Caufe, 
and who arc willing to fpend their Lives and Blood 
in your Service to the utmofl Man : Therefore they 
defire this of you, that, fince they have taken this 
Care, \o.. -...I hearken to no Reports that (hall 
tend to the Difparagement ef their Proceedings ; 


Of E N G L A N D. 19 

but will unanimoufly concur to defend yourfelvesAn. 18. Cr. i, 
againft that Violence and Oppreifton, that is now 
alinoft at your Doors. And this is that we have to 
recommend to you.' 

Then the Lord Brooke fpoke again. 

Tfcttave but c 
_ ThisHon 

but one Word more to trouble you with. Lord Zrek?* 
_ "This Honourable Gentleman, Sir Henry fW, fecond Speech. 
hath exprefs'd fo fully all that was in the Meilage, 
that, truly, I fhould wrong him and myfelf too, if 
I fhould fay any more ; therefore I fhall now fpeak 
to you of another Thing. It is not fit any thing 
that concerns you (hould be concealed from you. 

' I came this Day to this Place, to this Houfe, 
about another Bufmefs, which I have already com- 
municated to my Lord Mayor and the Aldermen, 
and the Committee. I think it will not be unfit 
you fhould know it. I have the Confent of feme, 
that underftand this Bufmefs very well, to what I 
now fliall do. Gentlemen, the Meffage was this, 
it was a Meffage from his Excellency ; it is to let 
you know how near the Danger is at Hand, that fo 
you may gird up the Loins of your Refolution, and 
acl like Men of Courage. Gentlemen, Citizens 
of London^ (better than whom no Man did in that 
Army we had lately in the Field) the Enemy's 
Foot, as we underftand, are very near Staines, their 
Horfe are about King/Ion. We cannot fay that all arc 
there ; but that there are both Horfe and Foot, and 
it is certain our Foot are going to them : So that 
the Queftion is now, What is to be done ? This is 
a certain Truth among all Soldiers, That you muft 
keep Evil as far off you as you can ; you muft not 
let it come near your Doors : You muft not think to 
fight in the Sighs, and Tears, and Eyes, and Di- 
ftra&ions of your Wives and Children ; but to go 
out, and meet it valiantly as you have done. 

4 God hath {hewed himfelf a God cf Love and 

Mercy, and truly we mull give him all the Honour 

of that Day ; certainly it is the greateft Victory that 

B 2 evcv 

20 fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. i?. Car. Lever was gotten ; near zco'o (I love to {peak with 
the leaft) on their Side flain ; and, I ara confident, 
not I0 on our Side, unlefs you will take in Wo- 
men and Children, Carmen, and Dogs ; for they 
flew the very Dogs and all. If you take in Wo- 
men, Children, Carmen, and Dogs, then they flew 
about 200. But that ico fhould be flain on one 
Side, and 2000 on the other Side, is a very mira- 
culous Thing. 

' God that dealt fo wonderfully heretofore, it 
were to diftruft him, if we did not think he would 
do fo again. Truly he hath a People among us ex- 
ceedingly beloved. 

* What is it we fight for ? It is for our Religion, 
and for our God, and for our Liberty, and all. And 
what is it they fight for ? For their Luft, for their 
Will, and for their Tyranny } to make us Slaves, 
r.nd to overthrow all. 

' Gentlemen, mcthinks I fee your Courage by 
your Faces. 1 fpy you ready to do any thing j and 
the General's Refolution is, to go out To-morrow, 
and do as a Man of Courage and Refolution ; and 
never Man did like him ; for he was not only Gene- 
ral, but Common SolJicr ; for he led up his own 
Regiment, he led up his own Troop in his own 
Perlbn ; and when the Left Troops of Horfe de- 
ceived him, he brought up the Right Troops. He 
himfelf will go out again, and do again as much as 
lie hath done : All this is for your Sakei, for he can 
be a Freeman* he can be a Gentleman, he can be a 
great Man, he caji go where he will ; therefore it 
is only for your Sakes he is refolved to go out To- 
morrow. His Forces are weary, his Forces are 
fpent, fome came but laft Night into Town, fome 
marched above twenty Miles, which is a great 
March, as fome that know what it is can tell ; but, 
as weary as they are, he is refolved to go out ; and 
if you will affect the Caufe, and join with him 
Hand, and Heart, and Sword, he will take it as a 
Favour ; but if you will not, he doubts not but 
Sword will do the Work alone. 



I fpeak not this that I doubt you, but that you An. 18. Car. I. 

would refolve, that when you hear the Drums beat, l6 4 2 - 
(for it is refolved that the Drums {hall beat To- *""" -V 7* J 

T-\ n ii L i j November. 

morrow ; our Drums {hall beat to lead out our 
Men, and the Committee's Drums {hall beat to 
Jead out their Men) fay not, I befeech you, I am not 
of the Trained-Band, nor this, nor that, nor t'other; 
but doubt not to go out to the Work, and fight cou- 
rageouily, and this fhall be the Day of your Delive- 

Nov. 9. Nottoithftanding the foregoing Speeches 
to the Citizens of London leem to breathe nothing 
but War, yet the Houfe of Commons thought- fit to 
foften the Harflinefs of their Vote of the yth ; for, 
this Day, Mr. Pvmme brought up a different Refo- 
lution, to which he dellred their Lordfhips Concur- 
rence, viz. 

c Refolved, That the Petition {hall be fent to his The Commons 
Majefty ; and the Reafons which induced the Com- [ffend ihdr p'e- 
mons to make this Vote, he faid, were thefc ; tition to the 

F/r/?, c The great Advantage which {hould beKJng; 
gained by a fettled Peace ; for, thereby, they {houl J 
better attend to the War in Ireland; and it would 
unite the King; and Kingdom more clofely, and pre- 
vent the Lofs of our Religion and the 'Liberties of 
the Subject ; for Peace, upon other Terms than 
thefe, they refolve never to accept : That, 

Secondly , ' The Houfe of Commons did, alfo, con- 
fiuer the Danger the King's Perfon was in at the lafl 
Battle ; and the great Mifchiefs that War had al- 
ready brought upon the Commonwealth, which 
would be increafed if it {hould be continued j fo 
much Blood being already fpilt and many of great 
Quality flain ; and that Sir "John Evelin (hould be left 
to his Liberty to go along with the reft if he think fit.' f 

To this pacific Vote the Lords readily agreed; but which the Lords 
as though the Commons defigned to {hew the Kingagres to: 
the Olive Branch in one Hand and the Sword in the 
B 3 other, 

f Lord Clarendon remarks, That, by this Expedient, the Commons 
fetisfied themielves, that the leaving Sir John Evelin behind them, 
without bringing another in jiis Room, was no Submiffion to the 
King^ Exception. 

22 Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

other, the fubfequent Rcqueft came along with it ; 
which was to defire the Lords to join with them in 
:ber ' ordering the Lord-General to draw out his Army 
the next Morning ; and that a Proclamation mould 
out that Aftcrnnoon for all Soldiers, on Pain of 
eath, to repair to their Colours : And that the Ar- 
their Regiments, my might not be at a Lofs for Recruits, the Com- 
mons fent up the following Ordinance. 

diwncffor^nl' TX/Hereas, in Times of Common Danger and 

couraging Ap- ' VV Neceflity, the Intereft of private Perfons 

prentices to lift. < ought to give Way to the Public : It is ordained 

4 and declared, by the Lords and Commons in Parli- 

* ament, that fuch Apprentices as have been, or mall 
4 be, lifted to ferve as Soldiers, for the Defence of 

* the Religion and Liberty of the Kingdom, his 
4 Majefty's Royal Perfon, the Parliament, and the 
4 City of London ; their Sureties, and fuch as ftand 
4 engaged for them, lhall be fecured againft their 
4 Mafters, their Executors, and Adminiftrators, 
4 from ail Lofs and Inconveniences, by Forfeiture 
4 of Bonds, Covenants, Infranchifements, or other- 
4 wife : And that after this public Service is ended, 
4 the Mafters of fuch Apprentices fhall be com- 
4 manded and required to receive them again into 
4 their Service, without impofing upon them any 
4 Punifliment, Lofs, or Prejudice for their Abfence, 

* in the Defence of the Commonwealth. 

4 And the Lords and Commons do further declare, 
4 That, if it {hall appear that the Mafters of fuch 
4 Apprentices have received any confulerable Lofs by 
4 the Abfence of their Apprentices, they will take 
4 Care that reafonable Satisfaction (hall be made un- 
4 to them, out of the Public Stock of the Kingdom, 

according to Juftice and Indifferency.' 


The Commons, alfo, defired the Lords to join 
with them in fending a Committee of both Houfes 
again to the City, to acquaint them with the Rea- 
fons that moved the Parliament to fend this Petition 
to his Majefty j and to let them know the Refolu- 


O/ E N G L A N D. 23 

tion of the Parliament is, That they will not agree An. 18. Car. r. 
to any Peace, but what fhall be fully for the Prefer- . ^/ . 

vation of Religion, the Liberty of the Subject, and ^Tt'^T 
i ft- i -\ r \ ' TS-' j TI <- November, 

the fettling the Quiet of the Kingdom : That if 

this cannot cffe&ually be done, both Houfes are re- 
folved to fpend their Lives ami Fortunes, in the 
Maintenance thereof. 

To this the Lords agreed; and ordered, That 
the Lord Mayor fhould be deiired to call a Com- 
mon-Hall, at Six that Evening, if he could, or 
elfe at Nine o'Clock next Morning. A Com- 
mittee of four Lords, with a proportionable Num- 
ber of Commoners, were appointed to go to the 
City on this Occafion. At the fame Time the 
Speaker of the Houfe of Lords was ordered to write 
the following Letter : 

To the Right Honourable the Lord Vifcount Falk- 
land, Principal Secretary to his Majefty ; or, in 
his Abfence, to any of the Lords the Peers attend- 
ing his Majefty. 

My Lord, 

/Am commanded, by tie Peers affemb'ed in Parlia- A Letter fent t 
ment, to dejire your Lordfoip to gdvertife bis A&--Jj f JJ^J pj^ 
jefty, that the late Petition, refolved on by both Houfes \\ m . 
of Parliament, will be pre/ented unto him ; which 
they believe proper for your Lordjhlp's Knowledge^ 
that fo his Majefty may be acquainted with it j and 
thus I reft 

Your Lord {hip's 

November 9, 1642. 

affectionate Servant, 

G R E Y. 

November 10. Committees of both Houfes beins; 

, ,- i T-. . ~ ,And a Commit- 

gone out, on their feveral Lmbaffies, one to the tee go to ac . 

King, and the other to the City, the Houfe ofqualnt the City 
Lords only met and adjourned to the next Day. f London there- 
In the Committee for the latter, were the Earl of Wlt ' 
Holland and Mr. Pymtne t whofe Speeches at the 


24 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. \.Gulldaall on the Occafion, not being printed in 
1642. Rujhworth's Collegians, we think deferve a Place in 
*T"" V "" "^ thefe Enquiries. s 


The Earl of Holland's Speech. 

My Lord Mayor, and you Gentlemen and Inhabi- 
tants of the Cityi 

The Earl of " TT T are commanded by both Houfes of Par- 

2*3(8: VV liament to come hither, and to deliver to 

eafion. you, that are their great Affiftams, an Account of 

a Resolution they have taken to fend a Petition to 

his Majefty, grounded upon thefe Reafons : 

' The firft is, That there is a Duty towards God 
to feek Peace, indeed to feek it with all Men ; there- 
fore properly and naturally with the King: This 
they are directed to do. If Peace flies from us, to 
purfue it, to follow it : This is their holy Duty. 

* They have likewife taken into their Thoughts, 
very ferioufly, that which may concern the Safety 
of the King's Perfon, being engaged in this laft Bnt- 
tle, through his own Refolution and Adventures, 
to put his Perfon in fome Hazard ; they have a 
Tcndernefs of that; and, amongft other Confider- 
ations, it is that which prevails with them to de- 
lire that He may not be in Danger, if it be poffible, 
by a further Purfuance of this Action ; which, in 
all Probability, muft come to a fecond Blow, and 
that fpeedily, if there be not fome other Way taken 
for an Accommodation. 

' There is another Reafon that they are likewife 
perfuaded the more willingly thus to petition and to 
defire Peace ; that is, for the Saving and Recovering 
the Kingdom of Ireland out of the Diftrefs that you 
have long feen it in. They know the Impoflibility 
for this Kingdom to relieve that, if we continue 
in thefe Diffractions and Confufions within our- 
felves j and, therefore, believe nothing can contri- 
bute or conduce towards the recovering of that King- 
dom, and the delivering of thofe Perfons from Dan- 

t Ltr.Jon, PrUited for Peter Celt, near 

Of E N G L A N D. 2 

ger that you fent thither, but our Quietnefs and An. jfc. Car. I. 
our Peace here. If that Kingdom fhould fall into 
other Hands, fuch Hands as it may likely and pro 
bahly do, what Inconvenience, what Danger, mud 
fall upon this Kingdom, from the Po'wer and the 
Neighbourhood of that, you all muft imagine. 

* They do likewife confider what Advantages, in 
the Diftradtions amongft ourfelves, Foreign States 
may take, when our own Hands are weakened, ami 
a Defolation through the whole Kingdom : Thofe 
that do malign our Religion, their Confcicnces di- 
rect them to deftroy it, as well as their Ambitions 
to make a Conqueft of the Nation > how orert we 
ihall be likowife to them for any Prejudice, or any 
Danger that may fall upon us. 

* Befides, they have a Confideration of the whole 
Kingdom, that have fo long continued in Peace, in 
the Bleffings of Peace, fo long in the Beds of Peace, 
and in the Arms of Peace, (for thefe hundred Years 
there have been no Civil Divifions nor Diftraclions 
within this Kingdom) and thofe Abundances thr.t 
Peace hath procured, and thofe Happinefles which 
are all likely to be devoured by the Sword of War ; 
as in every Part of the Kingdom, already you fee 
hew it begins to deftroy, with what Height, with 
what Power, with what Infolency. 

4 Thefe are Confiderations, that have made them 
believe, that as it is a Duty to God, it is that which 
they owe likewife to the King ; it is that which they 
owe to the Kingdom, in which they have been born 
and bred; it is likewife a Difchase;e of their own 
Confciences, that every Body may fee that it is not 
their Faults, if Peace be not procured. 

4 But though they are thus refolved, and upon 
thefe Reafons, to offer a Petition, and to feek Peace 
by all the Ways that are pofiible, yet they have 
commanded me to let you know, that, as they defire 
Peace, they will prepare for War ; they have given 
Directions, that this Day my Lord-General (hAl 
carry his Army out of the City ; there is a Rendez- 
vous appointed ; they fliall there draw themfelves 
together in fuch a Condition, a, we are very con- 

26 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS. Car. i.fident, and very hopeful, we fhall be able to defend 

*N^te^ ' We are likewife refolved, and fo I am com- 
manded to deliver to you, That as we have long 
kept together with Resolutions to defend our Privi- 
leges, our Religion, our Liberties, and Laws ; fo 
\ve will continue in the fame Refolution, and the 
lame Pyrpofe to do fo ; nothing fhall deter us from 
it. If we can find Peace from his Majefty upon 
thefe Conditions, that Religion, and Laws, and our 
Liberties, and all, may be happily fecured to the 
Kingdom and to you all, we fhall be glad of it ; and 
it will be a Blefiing to us, and to you all : If it can- 
not be done, we are refolved, and fo I am com- 
manded to let you know, nothing fhall difcourage 
us, neither 'Danger, nor Power, nor any thing ; but 
if we cannot maintain our Religion, our Laws, and 
9ur Liberties, we will perifh and die for it.' 

Mr. Pymmis Speech. 
My Lord Mayor and Gentlemen, 

And Mr. ' T^ ^ ere * s utt ^ e to ^ e a( ^ed to that which was 
Pjwwr's. faid by this Noble Lord, who hath repre- 

fented to you (to you of this famous City of London* 
who will make it much more famous by thefe noble 
Affections, which you have mewed ftill to the Pub- 
lic Good, and bv yielding fo much Aid, and fo 
much Encouragement as you have done, to the 
Parliament in maintaining ir) the Senfe of both 
Houfes, the Reafons and Motives upon which 
they did defire Peace : Motives, Indeed, that have 
wrought with us from the Beginning of this War 
to this Time; for we fhould never have fteppcd 
one Step towards War, if we might have had, or 
hoped for, fuch a Peace as might have fecured Re- 
ligion and Liberty, and the Public Good of the 
Kingdom ; but truly ill Counfel did exclude us from 
fuch Hope. 

' We now conceive that the King, having feen 
the Courage of his Subjects, having feen the Danger 



of bis own Perfon, and fo much Blood (lied about An. 18. Car. I. 
him, he will be more tractable to good Conditions l6 4- 
of Peace, than he would have been before ; and that ^ v -* 
is the Reafon why we do think fit to try him, once ove mber. 
more, after this Battle that hath been lately fought, 
before it come to another Battle. 

* It is true, that this may feem a Resolution con- 
trary to that which was opened to you within thefe 
few Days ; but you will conceive, that all great 
Councils are fubjedl to alter their Refclutions, ac- 
cording as Matters alter, and as the Apprehenfions 
of Matters alter ; for if Things appear more clear 

and hopeful to them at one Time than at another, 

it is no Diihonour for them to vary according to 
their Appearance, Judgments, and beft Reafons ; 
fo long as they do it with Affections to the beft Pur- 
pofe , which you may reft aflured the Parliament 
hath done : And though we defire Peace very much, 
yet a Peace to betray Religion, or to betray our Li- 
berties, we (hall always efteem worfe than \Var ; 
therefore we fhall put it to a very quick IfTue, if the 
King receive the Petition, to make fuch Proportions 
as you may fee : 

' Fir/I, Whether you (hall be fecured in your 
Religion ; in your Religion with a Hope of Refor- 
mation ; fuch a Reformation as may maintain the 
Power of Religion, and the Purity of Religion, as 
well as the Name of Religion ; for we fhall not be 
contented with the Name, nor without a Reforma- 
tion that (hall maintain the Power of it. 

* Next, We fhall purfue the Maintenance of our 
Liberties ; Liberties that may not only be in Laws 
and Statutes ; but Liberties that may be in Pradlice 
and in Execution ; and to take fuch Courfe, that 
you may have the Effects of them in Truth : For 
to have printed Liberties, and not to have Liberties 
in Truth and Reality, is but to mock the Kingdom ; 
and I hope we fhall take Care for that in the fccond 

4 Thirdly, We fhall take Care to maintain the 
Dignity and the Honour of Parliament j for that 

28 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. what will be a lafting Security to you in your 

1642,. Liberty and Religion. 

-v -* We {hall take Care, in thefcurtb Place, to an- 
NvelKr. j- wer ^ Affections of the City of London, That we 
will not confent to any Thing that {hail be prejudi- 
cial to them: We will preferve them in the higheft 
Degree of Honour, that ever this City of London 
was in ; and truly it is now in the higheft Degree of 
Honour that ever it was ; for you have carried your- 
felves in fuch a Regard to the Public, that never 
any of your Predeceflbrs did fo before ; and there- 
fore we fhall, in a Peace, be as careful of you as 
f ourfelves j and you may be aflured of this, that 
if we have not this Peace, OUT Lives, our Pains, 
our Eftates, they fhall all join with you, in maintain- 
ing that with the Sword, which we {hall not get in 
an humble Way by Petition ; and this we {hall 
bring to a quick IfTue. 

' Therefore I {hall only move you, as I am 
commanded to do from the Parliament, that you 
will not think there is any Fainting on our Parts ; 
that we are more cold, or iefs affectionate to any of 
thefe good Ends than heretofore we have been ; but 
that we would compafs them with more fecure Ad- 
vantage : For if you can get thefe by Peace, you 
will have great Advantages by it ; you will hinder 
foreign Invafions from beyond the Seas ; you will 
quickly be able to Mafter the Rebels in Ireland ; 
you will quickly be able to fupprcfs the Papifts that 
begin to rife in England-, then you fliall have a per- 
petual Security, that they fliall never be able to 
hurt you more : Therefore, if we can have fuch a 
Peace, without further Hazard and Blood-fliedding, 
we {hall praife God, and efteem it as a great Blef- 
fing ; but if not, pray lay not down the fame Spirits, 
for we have the fame Hearts, and Multitudes of Spi- 
rits, and the Kingdom inclinable to us. Where the 
King has been, many, to fave their Eftates and 
Lives, have {hewed themfelves but Men j for it 
was not to be thought that fmgle Counties fliould 
maintain themfelves againft an Armyj but they 


Of E N G L A N D. 29 

have Hearts as they had before ; and no doubt but An< l8 - Car - It 
they will join with us, with more Alacrity, when t[ _^_*^__ t 
they fee we have defired Peace by all the Ways we November. 
could, and cannot have it. 

We (hall, by this Means, fatisfy ou/ own Con- 
fciences ; we {hall fatisfy many Members of Parlia- 
ment, that defired it might be put on this Way ; 
we {hall fatisfy many of the Kingdom too, that 
have held themfelves indifferent ; but when they 
fee there is no Hope of Peace, in fuch a Way, with- 
out Blood, certainly they will ftand to us for Reli- 
gion and Liberty ; which muft be deftroyed if we 
cannot fecure them without War : Therefore, I 
{hall commend to you, that you would not let fall 
any Part of your Contributions, for it is that which 
muft maintain the Army ; nor entertain ill Appre- 
henfions of the Parliament ; but go on fo as you 
have done, and I hope it will be fuch an End as 
God may have all the Glory, and you all the 

November 1 1. A Letter was read in the Houfe of 
Lords, directed to their Speaker fro Tempore. 

My Lord, 

iv ere got near Maidenhead, when Sir Peter Account of ft 
Killegrew met zw, and told us that his Majejly Pe t' >s being 
was on Horfe-back, on bis Way ttwards Colefirook 5 **** 
and that bis Plcafure was, we Jhould return thither 
and attend him there. When^ foon after his drriva! y 
his Majejly fent for z/J, and we prefented the Petition 
as we were commanded. His Majejly returned an 
Anfwer, which we here inclofe, in the fame Words ^ 
or as near as we can recolleft them. This is all the 
Account that can be given by 

Uxbridge, NOT, 10, 


Your Lordfhip'a Servants, 


- - 

43 Tke Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. The King's Anfwer, referred to in the foregoing 
^_ '' Letter, was then read. 

November. T Know you do not exticf tl:r.t I Jhould give you an 
His Ma' eft 's -dnfiuer now to this^ which is of jo gnat Jmport- 


ftrft Anlve'r. anc f > l' ut famtthina I will fay, at this pnfmt^ to 
the Preamble^ mentioning the -Javixg of the 'tiff u /ion 
of Blood. I have often proftffed^ and called God find 
Man to wittiffiy t<;ut if other A&H, whom < 
Tune will difc over, had b ten as careful as my fa If ^ this 
War had not happened. Jrhat I lave dt,nc -vjas fsr 
my own Safety, and to maintain that Goventnuttt 
with Honour ) which my Father left me. I will not 
hinder your Return to London, but tiW/, in Part 9 
deliver my Anjwer to you To-morrow^ and fend it more 
fully by jome Mejfengers of my own. 

Amongft other Bufmefs done this Day, in the 
Houie of Lords, we find a Form of Thanks drawn 
up to be prefented to their Lord-General ; which, 
for its extraordinary Style, and high Exprefiions of 
Gratitude, deierves our Notice. 

Both Houfes re- t /TpHE Lords and Commons afTemMed in Par- 

turn Thinks to * i- T^\ -T 

iJicEarl ofEffex A hament, having, upon mature Denotation, 

orbisCondutl. ' and aflured Confidence in the Wifdom, Courage, 

' and Fidelity of Robert Earl of E//ex, chotn and 

' appointed him Captain-General of the Forces 

* railed by the Authoiity of Parliament, for the De- 
' fence of the true Proteftant Religion, the Kino:, 
4 Parliament, and Kingdom, ROW in great and ap- 
' parent Danger ; do find, That the faid Earl hath 

* managed this Service, of fo high Importance, wkh 

* fo much Care, Valour, and Dexterity ; as well 
' as by the extremeft Hazard of his Life, in a bloody 
' Battle, near Keynton^ in Warvuickjhir^ as, by ail 

* the Actions of a moft excellent and expert Com- 
4 mander, in the whole Courfe of this Employ- 

* ment, as doth deferve their bell Acknowledge- 
' ment. We dp, therefore, declare and publifh, 
' to the lafting Honour of the faid Earl, the great 

* and acceptable Service which he hath, herein, 

* done to the Commonwealth j and fball be ready 

* and 

Of E N G L A N D. 31 

c and willing, upon all Occaiions, to exprefs the An, 18. Car. !. 

* due Senfe which we have of his Merit, by affifting l6 * 2 - 

6 and protecting him, and all others employed under 'n ^T~* 

C, i L- o L T November. 

* his Command, in this Service, with our Lives 
' and Fortunes, to the uttermoft of our Power. 

* This to remain, upon Record, in both Houles of 

* Parliament, as a Mark of Honour to his Perfon, 
' Name, and Family, and for a Monument of his 
' fmgular Virtue, to Poftenty.' ' & 

But the Commons were of Opinion, that the And the Com. 
Earl of EJJcx deferved more than an Addrefs of mons vote hini 
Thanks ; for they refolvcd, That 5000 /. be forth- 5 000/ ' 
with prefented to his Excellency from that Houfe. 

The laft Thing we fhsll take Notice of, in the Ofdersforafren ,_ 
Buiinefs of this long Day, is an Order of Parlia-blingall the Sol- 
ment for a ftr'tcl: Search to be made, in the Cities of diertof thePar- 
London and IVeflminfttr^ and their Suburbs, Soi<t/j- li * menCfl Arrn -" 
work, &c. for all Officers and common Soldiers, 
belonging to the Earl of Effex's Army ; and to bring 
them to the Palace- Yard, Weftmlnjler^ that they 
might be lent forthwith from thence to the Army. 
And all Alehoufe-Keepers, or other Houfholder*, 
were ftruftly prohibited from harbouring any fucli, 
on very fevere Penalties. This to be publiflaed, by- 
beat of Drum, throughout the Places above-men- 
tioned. And for a greater Inducement for all the 
Soldiery to repair to their Colours, at the Time ap- 
pointed, the Commons ordered every Foot-Soldier 
Half a Crown, and the Horfe Five Shillings a-piece, 
over and above their Pay. 

November 12. The Earls of Northumberland and 
Pembroke reported to theLords, That they had waited 
on the King, Yefterday ; who, to fave Time, had 
returned a full Anfwer, by them, to their Petition. 

His Majefty* ANSWER to the efarefaid PETITION. 

4 T T 7E take God to witnefs how deeply we are The Ki "6's f"> 

' W affbaed with* the Miferies of this King- ^ r P S^ 

* dom, which, heretofore, we have ftrove, as 

6 as Peace 

g It is accordingly entered ifi both Journals, 

32 7/?v Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aa. iS. Car. I. ' as in us lay, to prevent ; it being fufficiently known 
1641. to a u tne World, That as we were not the firit 
^ v~ ' * that took up Arms, fo we have (hewed our Rea- 
' dinefs of competing all Things in a fair Way, b/ 
' our feveral Offers of Treaty ; and {hall be glad, 
' now at length, to find any fuch Inclination iu 
' others : The fame Tenderneb to avoid the De 
' ilruvfiion of our Subjects, whom we know to be 
' our greateft Strength, which would always make 
' our greateft Victories bitter to us, {hall make us 
' willingly hearken to fuch Proportions whereby 
' thefa bloody Diftempers may be flopped, and the 

* great Diftractions of tiiis Kingdom fettled, to 
' God's Glory, our Honour, and the Welfare and 

* Flourifhing of our People j and, to that Er.d, {hall 
' refide at our own Caftle at Windfsr^ if the Forces 

* there {hall be removed, till Committees may have 
' Time to attend us with the fame; which, to pre- 
' vent the Inconveniences that will intervene, we 

* wifti may be haftened, and {hall be ready there ; 
' or, if that be refufed us, at any Place were we {hall 
' be, to receive fuch Proportions as aforefaid, from 
' both Houfes of Parliament, Do you your Duty j 
' we will not be wanting in ours : God of his Mer- 

* c )' gi ve a Bleffing.' 

After the reading of this Anfwer, it was refolved 
to con^municate the Contents of it to the Commons. 
Then the Lord -General ftood up, and defired he 
might receive Directions from the Houle how he 
fliould order his Forces during the Time of this 
Treaty : For, if he {hould advance his Quarters to- 
wards the King,, it might be thpught an A& of Ho- 
ftility ; and, it he {hould omit any Thing, then he 
might be looked upon as remifs. Thereupon the 
Houfe refolved to write a Letter to the King's Se- 
cretary, to know his Majefty's Pleafure concerning a 
Ceflation of Arms, during the Time of this Treaty ; 
and gave the Lord -General Directions to forbear 
doing any A& of Hoftility while further Orders. 
The Commons having given their Concurrence, a 
Letter was fent to the Secretary in thefe Words : 


Of E N G L A N D. 33 

^Iy Lord, 
7 dm commanded, by the Lords and Commons in Par- An. 18. dr. I. 

liament, to fignify to your Lord/hip, that, with l6 4* 
much Joy, they received his Majejty's Gracious Anfwer ^T.~*~ ^ 
unto their Petition ; expreffing his pious Inclinations 
unto Peace. They do refolye, with all Diligence, to orrl 
fend their humble Proportions unto his Majefty, and, ter con 
likewife, their Anfwer concerning Wind for- Cattle ;C e flation of Ho- 
in the mean Time, they defire to know his Majejlys ftilities * 
Pleafure, how the Armies jhall govern themfe-lves, and 
whether he does not refolve on a Cejfation of all AcJs 
of Hoflility, upon the Overture for Peace. This is 
all 1 have, at prefent, unto your Lordjhip^ adding 
Duty, unto it, and an AJJurance of being 
Your Lordfhip's 

moft afFedionate Friend 
and humble Servant, 


The Houfe of Commons, however, did not wait 
for any Anfwer from the King ; for this Day they 
agreed to fend a Meflage to the Lord-General, to 
defire him to proceed according to his beft Advan- 
tages, notwithstanding the foregoing Letter fent to 
the King by Sir Peter Killigrew, or any Proceedings 
thereon ; in regard the other Side had begun to aft 
Hoftilities fmce that Letter was agreed upon. The 
General anfwered, That he did not intend to be 
amufed by Treaties; but, fmce they had begun with 
Aclrs of Hoftility, to purfue and fee what they would 

Nov. 13. The Parliament had now the City of 
London fo much at their Devotion, that, this Day, 
the Commons being informed, That feveral Ci 
y,ens were at the Door, who defired to offer fome- 
thing to their Confideration, thqy were called in : Jt* to the Com- 
And one Mr. Shute, a Merchant, in the Name of mons> 
the reft, addrefled the Houfe in a Speech, which 
appears to have been a very long one by the fol- 

VOL. Xlf. C ' lowin?; 

34 I7 je Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18- Car. I. lowing Heads of it taken and entered in the Com- 

1642. mons Journals : 

t -r" v ~T"' ' That they did acknowledge, with all Thahk- 
fulnefs, the continued and unwearied Care and Pains 
of this Houfe, for the Prefervation of the true Pro- 
tcftant Religion, the Liberty of the People, and the 
Privileges of Parliament. 

' They have prefented a Petition of ten Particu- 
lars ; to which they expect an Anfwer in convenient 

' They fpcak in the Language of many Thou- 
fands : That they fear they are bought and fold. 
Thefe Things they prefent : 

I. * That in a Cafe of fo much Danger, and fo 
great Concernment, there {hould be but one Army 
to rely upon. 

2. "' That, in all this Time, the King's Strength 
lying in Horfe, that the City {hould not appear in 
a confiderable Body of Horfe. Though it has been 
offered, and not effe&ually yet put in a Way, they 
do now again offer it. 

3. f That ffindjbr-Caflle {hould not be provided 
for as it ought. 

4. That Col. If Giles's Regiment, Men of that 
Courage, and fo confiderable, {hould be expofed t< 
a Place of fo imminent Danger, lying next to the 
Enemy's Forces, and almoft naked. 

5. ' The Point of Accommodation is another 
Reafon cf their Grief. 

They are come to this Refolution : 
' That they will man out every Man his Man, 
and make their own Captains and Officers, arid live 
and die with the Houfe of Commons, and in Defence 
thereof: And if there be any in the Lords Houfe, 
that do any way retard or hinder this public Defence, 
they wifh they would declare themfelves ; and that 
they wexe with the King. 

6. * Another Matter of their Grief was, That 
the Saibatb Day {hould be fo long profaned by pub- 
lic Authority ; and the Book that enjoins it, not 

unit bv the Hands of the common Hangman. 


Of ENGLAND. 3 5 

They ob/erve that this Day they have fo profaned An. iS. Car. I. 
has been the Day of" their Ruin. a 

7. The Blood of the Martyrs, (bed in Queen 
JWary's Days, done by public Ah of Parliament, 
and no Expiation as yet made for it. 

8. ' The Officers in the Army (though they muft 
always mention my Lord-General with Honour, 
as one in whom they abfolutely confide) not fo care- 
ful and diligent as they ought, nor all of them fo 

9. The Numbers of the Prifoners very great, 
and of dangerous Condition ; and the Matters and 
Keepers of thofe Prifons not to be confided in. b 

JO. * The good Minifters in Time paft filenced, 
and put out by the Bifliops. 

' You have our Perfons, Purfes, and Eftates, 
all at vour Command : You may do with us at your 

' We come in the Name of the Godly and Aclive 
Part of the City.' 

The Citizens being withdrawn, the Commons 
came to the following Refclutions : 

1. ' That the Book concerning Injoining and To- 
lerating of Sports upon the Sabbath Day, be forth- 
with burnt by the Hands of the common Hangman, 
in the ufual Places. 

2. ' That this Houfe doth accept of the Offer of 
the Citizens, of furnifhing Horfe and Foot ; and 
doth account it to be a Service much importing the 
Safety of the Commonwealth} and doth return them 
public and hearty Thanks.' 

The Citizens being called in again, the Speaker, 
by the Command of the Houie, told them, ' They 
found that what was faid was exprefled with a 
zealous and earneft Care of the Commonwealth - y 
for which they returned them public and hearty 

C 2 'For 

a He means, we fuppcfe, the Battle of Edge-Kill, fought on a 

t> About this Time the Commons refolved, That the Eifhop of 
Wincbtftir's Houfe, in Ssnttnuark, fhould be appointed aj a Piifya 
fo: Deiinquant- j probabty for the Reafon here affigr^j. 

36 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

n. iS.Car. I. f For the Particular of Horfe and Foot, they ac- 
1342. ce p t j t . am j jj ave a pp O i n ted a particular CoTnmittee 

to treat about it. 

' The Book of Sports they have voted to be burnt 
by the Hands of the common Hangman.' 

Mr. Shute having defired to ipeak again, faid 

* That the coming of the Lord General's Army into 
the City of London, and flaying here fo long as they 
<!id, is another Thing that troubles them; which 
they forgot to exprefs before. 

' Another Thing is, That fome prefent and 
more fevere Courfe might be taken with Malig- 
nants ; and, amongft them, with the malignant 

And then the Citizens withdrew. 

November 14. A Letter from the King, directed 
to the Speaker of the Houfe of Lords, was read ; 
which was only a Command to him to communicate 
the inclofed Paper to the whole Houfe ; the Purport 
of which was this : 

-c <* * ^Hereas the laft Ni^ht, being the nth of 
VV. *&**, after the Departure of the 

* Committee of both our Houfes, with our gracious 

* Anfwer to their Petition, we received certain In- 
' formation (having till then heard nothing of it, 

* either from the Houfes Committee, or otherwife) 

* that the Earl of EJJ'ex had drawn his Forces out of 

* London towards us, which hath neceffitated our 

* fudden Refolution to march with our Forces to 

* Brentford i we have thought fit hereby to fignify 

* t& both our Houfes of Parliament, that we are no 

* lefs defirous of the Peace of the Kingdom, than 

* we exprefled in our aforefaid Anfwer; the Propo- 

* iltions for which we fhall willingly receive, where- 

* ever we are ; and defire. if it may be, to receive 
' them at Brentford this Night, or early To-mor- 

* row Morning, that all poflible Speed may be 
' made in fo good a Work ; and all Inconve- 

* niences, otherwife likely to intervene, may be 

* avoided.' 



The Houfe was likewife informed, That Sir Peter An. iS. Car. I. 

W) who was to carry the Letter fent laft from l6 -t- 2 - 
the Parliament to the King, went as far as Brent- ^~"*~ 
ford, where he found the King's Army engaged with 
fome Regiments of the Lord-General's; and th at Where bothAr- 
thcn endeavouring to go by Uxbridge, he was there miai "S^S 6 * 
alfo ftopp'd by fome Dragoons belonging to the 
King's Army; and upon that he returned back with 
the Letter, which he defired to know whai to do 

The Lord-General faying, at the fame Time, 
That he had placed three Regiments at Brentfirdy 
before the Committee of Lords and Commons came 
from the King, it was refolved to have a Confe- 
rence with the Conomons on all thefe Matters ; and 
to appoint a Committee to draw up a Declaration; 
which, with the Letters pro and con, were to be 
forthwith printed and published, in order to vindi-~, B .. 

i A <T i -r\ r r i i rr r " e Parliament 

cate the Actions and L/eiires or both rloules, con-deftretheEarlof 
cerning Peace and a Deflation of Arms. At this-E/'* to make 
Conference, however, it was recommended to the " a fe e s failAdvan " 
Lord- General, by both Houfes, to take all Advan- ^ 
tage againft the Enemy, wherever he found them. 

Nov. 15. The Commons reibh-ed to accept of 
an Offer of the Citizens of London^ whereby they The Citizens of 
engaged to raife 1000 Light Horfe and 3000 Dra-j^ B H f e c an4 
goons, for the Service of the Parliament, to be Dragoons, 
commanded by the Lord-General alone, and to be 
accountable to none but himfelf by the Advice of 
both Houfes. They alfo recommended Serjeant- 
Major-General Skippon, who formerly had com- 
manded the Guard appointed to attend both Houfes, 
to command thofe Horfe and Dragoons in Chief 
under the Lord-General ; and Col. Hurrey under 
Mr. Skippon k . Mr. IVhitlocke gives us the follow- 
ing Speech of the latter to his Soldiers; who, he 
C 3 fays, 

It Both Lord Clarendon and Mr. IVhitlocit agree in afcriting this 
extraordinary Offer of the Citizens, to the indefatigable Zeil and 
A&ivity of the Lo:d Mayor Per.nington, who fucceeded to that Of- 
fice by the Removal of Sir RicbardCurney, and \va* again defied for 
thaYear 1643. 

3 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ah. 18. Car. I. fays, were more taken with it than with a formal 
l6 4*- Oration. 

November. s^QME my Boy J, iny brave Boys, let KJ pray heartily 

Mr Sk! 's flw ^ fi^ Jt heartily, 1 will run the fame Fortunes 

Speech tothofe an ^ Hazards with ycu. Remember the Cauje is for 

Troops. God, and for the Defence of y surf elves, your Wives, 

and Children. Come my honejl brave Boys, pray 

heartily and jight heartily, and God will blefs us. 

Nov. 1 6. The Committee of Safety having drawn 
up an Anfwer to the King's laft Meflage, it was this 
Day read and agreed to by both Houfcs, and was 
in htec Verba : 

The Parlia- ' 'T^O your Majefty's MefTage of the I2th of this 
mcnt's Anfwer ' Month of November, we the Lords and 

to the King's Commons in Parliament do make this humble 
< Anfwer, That this Meflage was not delivered to 

* us till Monday the I4th. We thought it a ftrange 

* Introduction to Peace, that your Majcfty fhould 
' fend your Army to beat us out of our Quarters at 
' Brentford, and then appoint that Place to receive 

* our Propofitions ; which yet, it plainly appears, 
' your Majefty intended not to receive, 'till you 
' had firft tried whether you could break through 
' the Army, raifed for the Defence of this Kingdom 
' and Parliament, and take the City, being unpro- 
' vided and fecure in Expectation of a fair Treaty 

* made to fecure the City : If herein your Majefty 
' had prevailed, after you had deftroyed the Army 
' and mafter'd the City, it is eafy to imagine what 
' a miferable Peace we fhould have had : And whe- 

* ther thofe Courfes be fuitable to the Expreflions 
' your Majefty is pleafed to make, in your Anfwer 

* to our Petition, of your Earncftncfs to avoid any 

* further Effufion of Blood, let God and the World 

* As for our Proceedings, they have, in all 
' Things, been anfwerable to our Profeffions: We 
' gave Directions to the Earl of EJfex to draw the 
' Army under his Command out of the City and 
' Suburbs, before we fent any Meflage to your Ma- 


Of E N G L A N D. 39 

jcfty, fo that Part of it was quartered in I, rent ford An. iS. Car. ^ 
before the Committee return'd with your Anfwerj l6 4 2 - 
and immediately upon th Receipt thereof, that *T - " V "*'""'' 
very Morning, Order was taken that the Soldiers 
{hould cxsrciie no AiSls of Hoftility againft any of 
your Majeity's People : We fent a Letter by Sir 
P^ter Killigreiu to know your Majefty's Pieafure, 
whether you intended the like Forbearance of MQ- 
(tility ; but the Fury of your Soldiers, thirfting 
after Blood and Spoil, prevented the Delivery oi" 
the Letter ; for coming, upon Saturday, in his Way 
towards your Majefly, as far as Brentford, he 
found them in Fight there, and could pafs no far- 
ther. God, who fees our Innocency, and that we 
have no Aims but for his Glory and the Public 
Good, will, we hope, free your Majefty from thefg 
deftructive Counfels of fome, who labour to main- 
tain their own Power by Blood and Rapine ; and 
blefs our Endeavours, who feek nothing but to pro- 
cure and eftablifh the Honour, Peace, and Safety 
of your Majefty and Kingdoms, upon the fure 
Foundations of Religion und Juilicc.' 

The Lord Grey, as Speaker, was ordered to fend 
this Anfwer to the King, inclofed in a Letter to the 
Lord Falkland, by Sir Peter Killigrew. 

Ncz\ 18. Though both Houfcs were fo much 
employed in the Military Service, that little or no- 
thing elfe can be found in the Journals of either of 
them ; yet, this Day, an Accident happened which 
diverted them a little from that Puriuit, and turned 
their Thoughts towards Law- Affairs and Courts of 
Juftice. The Lords were informed, That a Mef- 
lenger had been apprehended by the Lord -General, j.j; s j^ a - e ft y ^3. 
who finding about him a Proclamation and Writs ving propofed to 
for the Adjournment of the prefent Term, the faid ad J urn Micbatl- 
Papers were fent to the Koufe of Commons; and,*"" 
upon opening, they found the Proclamation for Ad- 
journment was to take Place as that very Day. 
This the Commons conceived to be very deftrudive 
and prejudicial to the whole Kin&dom, if it {hould 
be fo ; there being three Days in the Law, one for 

40 The Parliamentary HISTORV 

An. 18. Car. l.Eflbigns, another for Returns, and a third for Ap- 

i&t-z. pearances. And if the Term (hould be adjourned, 

*T"" V ~""" < ' ' according to this Proclamation and Writ, it would 

November. ^ e o bft r utive to the whole Proceedings of the Law, 

and many Evils would enfue. For, 

1. All former Proceedings, at the laft Affixes, 
would be loft, fo that no Judgment could be given 

2. No original Writs, or mefne Procefs, could 
iflue out, on any Occafion, though it be to deliver 
any out of Prifon. 

3. If the Term ftould be adjourned, there being 
an Army in the Field, and the King's Colours flying, 
it would be accounted Tempus Belli, when all Laws 
fleep, are filent and diflblved ; and then there would 
be no Property, nor would any Violence be counted 
an Injury. 

4. No Fines nor Recoveries could be taken, 
whereby Men may pafs common Afiurances for fet- 
tling their Eftates > befitJes many other Evils would 
enfue, to the ObftruiStion of the whole Law. 

Therefore the Houfe of Commons defired, that 
their Lordfhips would give Direction to the Judges 
to keep this Term, and not to make Adjournments 
of it, either by virtue of thefe Writs, or any other 
WYits whatfoever they {hall receive. 

The Writs were not opened, but the Proclama- 
tion was read as follows : 

AndifluedaPro-* T T THereas his Majcfty did adjourn Part of this 
' * V Term . f Sf ' M ' ichae/ i from the firft Re ' 

' turn, called /) Die 5. Michaelis in ires Septimanas^ 
untill the Return, Oflab. S. Martini; his Majefty, 
' confidering the prefent Diftraclions of this King- 
' dom, doth declare, That the Refidue of the faid 

* Term, beginning at the faid Return of Oflab. 

* 5. Martini, be wholly adjourned, as to all Appear- 
' ances, Caufes, Matters, and Things, which mould 
' have been made or done in any of his Majefty's 

* Courts at l^ejlminjler-, untill OElab. Hilarii next 
< following; and that Writs of Adjournment mall 
be made by one Judge of each Bench, giving 


Of E N G L A N D. 41 

them Power to adjourn the Refidue of the faid An. 18. Car. I, 
Term of St. Michael's ; and the faid Adjourn- l6 4 2 - 
ment fhall be made on the firft Day of the faid 
OcJab. S. MicLaelis^ commonly called the Day of 

Given at Oatlands, the i$tb a/" November, in the 
iStb 2'ear of bis now Majejlys Reign. 

The Lords taking thefe Matters into ferious Con- 
federation, as a Thing of great Importance to the 
Good of the whole Kingdom, agreed with the 
Houfe of Commons in the Matter of this Meflage, 
and made the following Order: 

Ordered, by the Lords and Commons in Parlia- The Parliament 
ment aficmbled, * That the Judges of the King's ^^^"5? 
Bench, Court of Common Pleas, and Barons of thef a id Term, 
Exchequer, are hereby enjoined that they do not, 
neither by virtue of thefe Writs of Adjournment 
now fent, nor any other Writs whatfocver which 
lhall be fent, adjourn this Term of St. Michael; but 
that they (hail lit and proceed to difpatch the public 
Juftice of the Kingdom, according as is uftial in 
their feveral Courts. 

This Order was read in the Houfe ; and the Judges, 
prefent commanded to take Notice, and obey it. 

There had been fome Intimations, for feveral Days And refolve t 
laft paft, entered in the Journals, for calling in the ca!lintheAflift - 
Scots to the Affiftancc of the Parliament; and this anc 
Day a Declaration was fent up from the Commons, 
whereby one Mr. Pickering was authorized and re- 
quired to deliver the fame to the Council of State 
in that Kingdom, and otherwife to publifli it as he 
fhould fee Occafion ; and that Inductions be fenc 
to him to follicit the Effect of it. It was alfo or- 
dered, That the faid Declaration jfhould be deliver'd 
to the Scots Commiffioners refiding in London. To 
all which the Lords agreed, and is as follows : 

E the Lords and Commons aflembled in Their DedUra. 
the Parliament of England, confidering^. n to that 
- W.TrUrr, <, n A ,ki;~ Aff,,A;, .. R^ Kingdom. 

* with what Wifdom and public AffecYion our Bre- 

* thren 

An. i?. Car. 1. 


42 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

thren of the Kingdom of Scotland did concur witfr 
the Endeavours of this Parliament, and the Dc- 
fires of the whole Kingdom, in procuring and 
establishing a firm Peace and Amity between the 
two Nations j and how lovingly they have fince 
invited us to a nearer and higher Degree of Union, 
in Matters concerning Religion and Church-Go- 
vernment, which we have me!! willingly and af- 
fectionately embraced and intend to purfue, can- 
not doubt but they will, with as much Forward- 
nefs and Affection, concur with us in fettling Peace 
in this Kingdom, and preferving it in their own ; 
that fo we may mutually reap the Benefit of that 
Amity and Alliance, fo happily made and ftrongly 
confirmed betwixt the two Nations. Where- 
fore, as we did about a Year fince, in the firft Ap- 
pearance of Trouble then beginning amongft them, 
actually declare, That, in our Senfe and Appre- 
henfion of the National Alliance betwixt us, we 
were thereby bound to apply the Authority of Par- 
liament and Power of this Kingdom to the Prefer- 
vation and Maintenance of their Peace : And fee- 
ing now that the Troubles of this Kingdom are 
grown to a greater Height, and the fubtle Prac- 
tices of the common Enemy of the Religion and 
Liberty of both Nations do appear with more 
Evidence, Strength, and Danger, than they did at 
that Time: We hold it neceflary to declare, That* 
in our Judgment, the fame Obligation lies upon 
our Brethren by the afore-mentioned Act, with 
the Power and Force of that Kingdom to affift us, 
in repreffing thofe amongft us who are now in 
Arms and make War, not only without Confent 
of Parliament, but even againft the Parliament, 
and for the Deftrudtion thereof. 

' Wherefore we have thought p,ood to make 
known to our Brethren, that his Majefty hath gi- 
ven Commifiion to divers eminent and known 
Papifts, to raife Forces, and compofe an Army 
in the North, and other Parts of this Kingdom ; 
'"which is to join with divers foreign Forces intended- 

4 to 

Of E N G L A N D. 43 

' to be tranfported from beyond the Seas, for the An. i*. Car. I. 

* Deftrudion of this Parliament, and of the ReH- l5 4 2< 

' gion and Liberty of the Kingdom. And that the ^^j^"*' 
' Prelatical Part of the Clergy, and their Adherents, 

* have likewife invited his Majefty to raife another 
' Army; which, in his own Perfon, he doth conduct 

* againft the Pariiament and the City of London, 
' plundering and robbing fundry well-afFe&ed 
' Towns, within their Power : And that, in Pro- 
' fecution of their Malice, they are fo prefumptuous 

* and predominant of his Majefty's Refolutions, 

* that they forbear not thofe Outrages in Places to 
' which his Majefty hath given his Royal Word 
' and Protection. A great Caufe and Incentive of 

* which Malice proceeds from the Defign they 
4 have to hinder the Reformation in Ecclefiaftical 
' Government in this Kingdom, fo much longed 

* for by all true Lovers of the Pioteftant Religion. 

4 And hereupon we further deftre our Brethren of 

* the Nation of Scot land, to raife fuch Forces as they 
' fhail judge fufficient for the fecuring the Peace of 

* their own Borders, againft the ill -affected Perfons 

* there ; as likewife to nffift us in fupprefling the 

* Army of Papifts and i ? oreigners, which, as we 

* expect, will fhortly be on Foot here ; and, if they 

* be not timely prevented, may prove as mifchie- 

* vous and deftrtiCtiv'e to that Kingdom as to our- 
< ftJve?. 

4 And though we feek nothing from his Majefty, 

* that may diminish his juft Authority or Honour ; 

* and have, by many humble Petitions, endeavoured 
' to put an End to this unnatural War and Com- 

* buftion in the Kingdom ; and to procure his Ma- 

* jefty's Protection and Security for our Religion, 

* Liberty, and Perfons, according to that great Truft 
' which his Majefty is bound to by the Laws of the 

* Land ; and {hall ftill continue to renew our Peti- 

* tions in that Kind : Yet, to our great Grief, we 
' fee the Papiftical and Malignant Counfel fo pre- 
' valent with his Majefty, and his Perfon fo engaged 

* to their Power, that we have little Hope of better 

1 Succefs 

44 the Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. ' Succefs of our Petitions than we formerly had ; 

164*. a nd are thereby neceffttated to ftand upon our juft 

*r7 - ~ v ""*""' < Defence, and to feek this fpeedy and powerful 

ov er. 4 Afliftance of our Brethren of Scotland^ according 

' to that Adi agreed upon in the Parliament of both 

' Kingdoms, the common Duty of Chriftianity, 

' and the particular Interefts of their own King- 

' dom : To which we hope God will give fuch a 

* Blefling, that it may produce the Prefervztion of 
' Religion ; the Honour, Safety, and Peace of his 

* Majefty, and all his Subjects j and a more ftrict 
' Conjunction of the Counfels, Defigns, and En- 

* deavours of both Nations, for the Comfort and 
' Relief of the Reformed Churches beyond the 

" Seas> ' JOHN BROWN, Cler. Par/. 

Nov. 7, HEN. ELSYNGE, Cler. Dom. Com. 


In Anfwer to the foregoing Declaration of Parlia- 
ment, the King fent the following Meflage to the 
Lords of his Privy Council of Scotland^ fome Time 
after : But we bring it in here for the Sake of Con- 

Right Trujly and Right Well-beloved Coufms and 
Counsellor 's, and Right Trufty and Well- beloved 
Counsellors, iue greet you we/l t 

The King's An-* "\TI 7*E nave lately feen a Paper, prefented to us 
c \\ by the Earl of Lindfay* as a Declaration 
' of the Lor(ls and Commons aflembled in the Par- 
' liament of England^ of the feventh of November? 

* to our Subjects of our Kingdom of Scotland ; 

* which, after many high Taxes of us and our Go- 

* vernment, very earneitly invites, and in a Man- 

* ner challenges, Afliftance from that our Native 
' Kingdom, of Men and Arms for making a War 

* againft us ; making a Claim to that Afliftance, by 

* virtue of the late Act of Pacification, to the which 

* (out of our Defire to make a perpetual Union be- 

* tween our two Kingdoms, for the Happinefs of 
' both, and by it the more firmly to eftablifh our 

Of E N G L A N D. 45 

e own Greatoefs and juft Power) we chearfully con- AH. iS. Car. I, 
' fented. i6 4 z. 

' As we are, at our Soul, afflicted that it hath been *" - *" "V- -* 
in the Power of any fadious, ambitious, and ' 
' malicious Perfons, fo far to poffefs the Hearts of 
' many of our Subjects of England, as to raiie this 

* miferable Diftemper and Diftractioji in this King- 
' dom, againft all our real Actions and Endeavours 
' to the contrary ; fo we are glad that this Rage 
' and Fury hath fo tar tranfported them, that they 
' apply themfelves, in fo grofs a Manner, to our 
' Subjects of Scotland-, whofe Experience of our 

* Religion, Juftice, and Love of our People, will 
' not fuffer them to believe thofe horrid Scandals 

* laid upon us ; and their Affection, Loyalty, and 
' Jealoufy of our Honour, will difdain to be made 

* Instruments to opprefs their Native Sovereign, by 
6 affifting an odious Rebellion. 

' We have, from Time to Time, acquainted our 
' Subjects of that Kingdom with the Accidents and 
' Circumftances which have difquieted this ; how 
(after all the Acts of Juftice, Grace, and Favour 

* performed on our Part, which were, or could be, 

* defired to make a People completely happy) we 
' were driven, by the Force and Violence of rude 
c and tumultuous AfTeoiblies, from our City of 
*- London, and our two Houfes of Parliament : How 

* Attempts have been made to impofe Laws upon 

* our Subjects without our Confent, contrary to the 

* Foundation and Confiitution of this Kingdom : 
' How our Forts, Goods, and Navy were feized 

* and taken from us by Force, and employed againft 

* us : Our Revenue and ordinary Subiiilence wrefted 
' from us : How we have been purfued with fcaa- 
c dalous and reproachful Language ; hold, falfe^ and 
s feditious Pafquils and Libels publickly allowed 
' againft us ; and been told, That we might, ivith- 

* out Want of Modefly and Duty, be depcfed. 

' Now, after all this, before any Force was, raifed 

* by us, an Army was raifed, and a General ap- 

* pointed to lead that Army againft us ; with a 

* Coroiniflign to kill, flay, and deftroy all fuch who 

' ihould 

46 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Cr. I. 4 fhould be faithful to us. That when we had been, 
1642. < by thefe Means, compelled, with the Alliltance 

of our <rood Subjedts, to raife an Aimy for our 

November. t \n r 

4 neceliary Defence ; we lent divers gracious Mei- 

fages, earneftly defiring that the Calamities and 

* Miferies of a Civil War might be prevented by a 
Treaty, and fo we might know the Ground of 

* this Mifunderftanding. How we were abfolutely 

* refufed to be treated with ; and how, at laft, the 

* Army (tailed, as was pretended, for the Defence 

* of our Perfon) was brought into the Field agaimt 
4 us, gave us Battle; and, though it pleafed God to 

* give us the Victory, deftroyed many of our good 

* Subjects, with as imminent Danger to our own 

* Perfon and our Children, as the Skill and Malice 

* of defperate Rebels could contrive. Of all which, 
4 and the other Indignities which have been offered 
us, we doubt not the Duty 2nd Affettion of our 
4 Scots Subjects will have fo juft a Rdentmer.t, tli;-t 

* they will exprefs to the World the Senfe they 
4 have of our Sufferings. And our good Subjects 
4 of Scotland are not, we hope, fa great Strangers 

* to the Affairs of this Kingdom, to believe that this 

* Misfortune and Diflraclion is begot and brought 
4 upon us by our two Houfes of Parliament ; tho', 
4 in Truth, no unwarrantable Action againft the 
4 Law can be justified, even by that Authority. 
4 They well know how the Members of both 

* Houl'es have been driven thence, in fo much that, 

* of above five hundred Members of the Houfe of 
4 Commons, there are not now there above eighty ; 
4 and of above one hundred of the Houfe of Peers, 
4 not above fifteen or fixteen : All which are fo 

* awed by the Multitude of Anabaptifts, Brownifts, 
4 and other Peofons, defperate and decayed in their 
4 Fortunes, in and about the City of London^ that, 
4 in Truth, thtir Confutations have not the Free- 
* dom and Privilege which belongs to Parliaments. 

4 Concerning any Commiflions granted by us to 
4 Papifts to raife Forces, we muft refer cur good 
4 Subjects to a Declaiation, lately fet forth by ui 
' upon the Occafion of that Scandal, which we 

4 fend 

Of E N G L A N D. 47 

* fend together with this ; and for our own true and An. 18. Ci-. T. 
f zealous Affection to the Proteftant Religion, the 

* Advancement whereof our Soul defires, we can 
' give no other Inftance, than our conftant Practice, 
' on which Malice itfelf can lay no Blemifh, and 
' thole many Proteftations we have made in the 
' Sight of Almighty God ; to whom we know we 
* fhall be dearly accountable, if we fail in the Ob- 
' fervation. 

' For that fcnndalous Imputation of our Inten- 

* tion of bringing in foreign Forces ; as the fame is 
4 raifed without the leaft Colour or Shadow of Rea- 
' fon, and folemnly difavowed by us in many of 

* our Declarations ; fo there cannot be a clearer 

* Argument to our Subjects of Scotland^ that we 

* have no fuch Thought, than that we have hither- 
' to forborne to require the Aiiiftance of that our 

* Native Kingdom ; from whole Obedience, Du- 

* ty, and Affection, we fhould confidently expedt 
' it, if we thought our own Strength here too weak 
' to preferve us ; and of whofe Courage and Loy- 
' alty we fhall look to make ufe, before we fhall 
' think of any foreign Aid to fuccour us. And we 

* know no reafonable or understanding Man can 
' fuppofe our good Subjects of Scotland are obliged, 

* or enabled, by the late Act of Parliament in both 
' Kingdoms, to obey the Invitation which is made 
' to them by this pretended Declaration ; when it 
' is fo evidently provided for by that Act, That as 
' the Kingdom of England fbalt not make War agair./l 
' the Kingdom of Scotland, without Conjent cf the 

* Parliament of England ; fo the Kingdom cf Scot- 
' land jhail not make War again/I the Kingdom of 

* England, without the Conjent of the Parliament 
' of Scotland ;' and when they have always decla- 
' red themfelves fo careful of our Honour, Safety, 

* and juft Rights, which now undergo fo great Yi- 

* olation. 

* This we have thought fit to fay upon (Dccafum 

* of this late Declaration; and do commend it to 

* you, the Lords of our Privy -Council of our Kfng- 

* dom of Scotland, to be communicated and pub- 

* lifhcd 

48 The Parliamentary HISTORY 
lilhed to a11 our lovin ? Sltb J eas there : A* ^ 

_ ' l e grave Counfel and Advice, which you derived 
November. ' hither by your Act of the 22d of Apnl laft c , had 
' been followed here, in a tender Care of our Royal 

* Per ion, and of our Princely Greatnefs and Autho- 

* rity, then would not this Face of Confufion have 

* appeared, which now threatens this Kingdom : 
4 And therefore we require you to ufe your utmoft 

* Endeavours to inform our Subjects of that our 
' Kingdom of the Truth of our Condition ; and 

* that you fuffer not the Scandals and Imputations, 
' laid on us by the Malice and Treafon of fome 

* Men, to make any Impreflion in the Minds of 
' our People, to the lefTening or corrupting their 
' Affection and Loyalty to us ; but that you aflure 
' them the Hardfliips we now undergo, and the 
' Arms we have been compelled to take up, are tor 

* the Defence of our Perfon, and the Safety of our 
' Life ; for the Maintenance of the true Proteftant 

* Religion; for the Prefervation of the Laws, Li- 

* berties, and Constitutions of this Kingdom ; and 
' for the juft Privileges of Parliament ; and we look 
' no longer for the Blefling of Heaven, than we en- 
' deavour the Defence and Advancement of all 
' thefe : And we doubt not a dutiful Concurrence 
' in our Subjects of Scotland, in the Care of our 
' Honours arid juft Rights, will draw down a Blef- 
' fing upon that Nation too.' 

Nov. 19. A Letter was read, directed to the Lord 
Grey of Werk, as Speaker, from the Lord Falkland, 
with his Majefty's Reply, inclofed, to the Anfwer 
of both Houfes to his Majefty's Meflage of the I2th 
Inftant, which was alfo read as follows : 

The King's Re- rr^HAT his Meflage of the I2th, though not 

!!w*Jf*l' J- received by them till the I4th, was fent to 

fwer. ' them, firft, upon the fame Day on which it was 

' dated -, and, meeting with Stops by the Way, was 

* again fent upon the I3th, and taken upon that 


In our Tenth Velume. 

Of E N G L A N D. 49 

'Day, at Ten in the Morning, by the Earl of Ef-An. 18. Car. I. 
' fex ; and, tho' not to him directed, was by ;him * * 

* opened ; fo the Slovvnefs of the Delivery is not fo ^^^be* 
' ftrange, as the Stop of that Letter faid to be fent 

c by Sir Peter Killegrtw, which his Majefty hath 

* not yet received ; but concludes, from the Matter 
' expreffed to have been contained in that Letter, 

* (to wit, to know his Pleafure, whether he infend- 

* ed the Forbearance of Hoftility) and by the Com- 
' mand of fuch Forbearance, faid to be fent to the 

* Lord of EJftx's Army, that no fuch Forbearance 
4 was already concluded ; and, confequently, neither 
' had his Majefty Caufe to fuppofe that he fhould 
1 take any of their Forces unprovided and fecure, in 

* an Expectation of a fair Treaty ; neither could 
' any hoftile At of his Majefty's Forces have been 
' a Courfe unfuitable to his Expreffions , much lefs 

* could an Endeavour to repofiefs that Place (for 
' fo he hop'd he might have done, which might 
' have flopped the further March of thefe Forces 

* towards him ; which, for ought appeared to him, 

* might as well have been intended to Colebrook as 

* Brentford ; and, by that, the further Effufion of 
' Blood) deferve that Style. 

* His Majefty further conceives, That the print- 

* ing, fo out of Time, fuch a Declaration as their 
' Reply s to his Anfwer to theirs of the 26th of May, 
' but the Day before they voted the Delivery of 
' their Petition ; and the March of the Earl of Ef- 
'/<?.v's Forces to Brentford^ fo near to his Majefty, 

* when the Committee at the fame Time attended 
c him with a Petition for a Treaty, (the Earl of 

* Effex being before poflelTed of all the other Avc- 

* nues to his Army, by his Forces at Windfor, Ac- 
' ton, and Kingfton) was a more ftrange Introduc- 
' tion to Peace, than for his Majefty not to fufter 
' himfelf to be cooped up on all Sides, becaufe a 

* Treaty had been mentioned ; which was fo really 

VOL. XII. D and 

This Reply, which on account of the exceffive Length of it, we 
omit, was not ordered to be printed till the ad of November, though 
patted by both Houfes in July. It may be found both in RuJ/ytaonk 
and Kufiands. 

50 T^e Parliamentary Hi s TORY 

An, 18. Car. I.' and fo much clcfired by his Majefly, that this Pro- 
' ceeding feems to him, purpofely, by fome intended 
' to divert, which it could not do, that his Inclina- 
' tion. 

' That his Majefty had no Intention to matter 
' the City by fo advancing, bcfk'es his Profeflion, 

* which how meanly foever they feem to value it, 

* he conceives a fufficient Argument, efpecialiy be- 

* ing only oppoied by Sufpicions and Surmifes, may 
' appear by his not purfuing his Victory at Brentford^ 

* but giving Order to his Army to march away to 

* Kingjlon as foon as he heard that Place was quitted, 
' before any Notice or further Appearance of Forces 
' from London ; nor could he find a better Way to 

* fatisfy them before-hand, that he had no fuch In- 
' tention, but that his Defire of Peace and of Pro- 

* pofitions that might conduce to it ft ill continued, 

* than by that Meifage of the twelfth ; for. which 
' Care of his he was requited by fuch a Reception 

* of his Meflage and Mellenger, as was contrary at 

* once both to Duty, Civility, and the very Cuiloms 

* and the Law:of War and Nations ; -and fuch as 

* theirs, though, after this Provocation, have not 

* have found from him. b 

* His Majefty wonders that his Soldiers fhould be 
' charged with thirfting after Blood, who took above 
' 500 Prifoners in the very Heat of the Fight ; his 
f Majefty having fince difmiiled all the common 

* Soldiers, and entertained fuch as were willing to 

* ferve him, and required only from the reft an Oath 

* not to ferve againft him. And his Majefty fup- 

* pofes fuch moft apt and likely to maintain their 
' Power by Blood and Rapine, who have got it only 
f by Oppreflkm and Injuftice ; that his is vefted in 
him by the Law, and by that only (if the dcftruc- 

' tive 

b Mr. Wbitt, the King's Meflcngcr, wns very roughly ufed by the 
Earl of Effex, and the Parliament committed him to the Gatebouje, 
not without the Motion of fome Men, That he might be executed as 
a Spy. Clarendon, 81-0. Vol. \H. p. 76. 

e Two of the Parliament's moft eminent Chaplains, Dr. Dmvn- 
inp, and Mr. Marjlal, publickly avowed, That thofe Men were not 
bilged by that Oath. UiJ.p.Si, 

Of E N G L A N D. 51 

five Counfels of others would not hinder fuch a An - * s - Car. j. 

Peace, in which that might once again be the uni- , 4 

verfal Rule, and in which Religion and Juftice can N oveJT , be: 
only flourHh) he defines to maintain it. And if 
Peace were equally defired by them, as it is by his 
Majefty, he conceives it would have been proper 
to have fent him fuch a Paper, as mould have con- 
tained juft Propofitions of Peace, and not an un- 
juft Accufation of his Counfels, Proceedings, and 
Perfon. And his Majefty intends to march to fuch 
a Diftance from his City of London^ as may take 
away all Pretence of Apprehenfion/rom his Army, 
that might hinder them, in all Security, from yet 
preparing them to prefent to him ; and will there 
be ready either to receive them, or end the Pref- 
fures and Miferies which his Subjects, to his great 
Grief, fuffer thro' this War, by a prefent Battle.'' 

When this was read, the Earl of Northumberland 
informed the Houfe, That he had received a Packet 
of Letters taken about Mr. JL'vrr^', who brought 
this Reply from the King ; and defired to be directed A Conference 
what to do with them. Hereupon the Lords opened thereu F n ' 
and perufed the Papers, and found a Copy of the 
Reply, with a Declaration of his Majefty, and a 
Warrant fent to the King's Printer to print them. 
Upon which a Conference was refolved on with the 
other Houfe, to defire them to join in appointing a 
Committee, to confider what Anfwer was fit to be 
given to this Reply of the King's ; it being a Bufi- 
nefs of fo great Confequence, that either a great deal 
of Mifery, or a great deal of Happinefs, would follow 
upon the Refolution to be taken thereupon. 

November 21. Mr. Shute, at the Head of feveral 
Citizens of London, appeared this Day again before 
the Commons. What he had to offer {rands thus 
upon their Journals^ < That he came to fpeak to Fartherpro P 
them from the moft Active and the moft Religious S 
Part of the City, to acquaint the Houfe 'they under- 
ftood that an Accommodation was on Foot ; which 
grieved their Hearts, confulering what followed on 
D 2 the 

52 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. l. the J a ft : g u t if the Accommodation went not on, 
then to confider how Monies might be raifed, in 
^ ucn ^ ort as tnat tne w ^ole Charge might not lay 
upon the Good and Godly Party ; but that the Ma- 
lignant Party might be forced to bear their Share, 
fully, according to their Abilities. 

' Another Thing which troubled them, he faiJ, 
was an Imputation caft upon the Godly Part of the 
City, by the Malignant Party, 25 ii" they defired an 
Independent Government fhould be fet up in the 
Church, which they defired might be wiped off.' 

After returning Thanks to the Citizens for their 
Proportions, and the Affection exprelYed in them, 
the King's laft Meflage was read ; and the Queftion 
being put, Whether the Houfe would, forthwith, 
refolve itfelf into a Committee to take it into Con- 
iideration ? It patted in the Affirmative, only by 75 
againft 65 ; when, after fome Debate on the Mef- 
fage, the Queftion being again put, Whether the 
Houfe fliould be refolved into a Committee To- 
morrow Morning to refume this Debate ? The 
Houfe divided, when the Numbers were 67 for the 
Queftion and 66 againft it : Two fmall Majorities 
to carry fuch important Queftions, upon which, as 
the Lords had before obferved, depended the Good 
or the Mifery of the Kingdom. 

November 22. This Anfwer took up a great deal 
of Time in perfecting ; for though a Committee of 
both Houfes went immediately upon it, yet, this 
Day, we find Mr. Murray, the King's Meflengcr, 
was difcharged from Attendance, and fent back ; 
becaufe, it is faid, it was uncertain how long it might 
be e'er the Anfwer would be ready ; and the Speaker 
was ordered to write to the Lord Falkland, to ac- 
quaint the King with the Reafon for this Delay. 

The fame Day the Commons being informed, 
That divers Citizens were at the Door, they were 
called in; and Mr. Sbute, once more, told them, 
in the Name of the reft, That one Thing, which 
exceedingly troubled them, was, the Point of Ac- 

Of E N G L A N D. 53 

commodation of Peace, more to be feared than their An. iS. Car. I. 

Power. If the Accommodation proceed not, .^ft-^J 

Monies then to be raifed. November. 

* They would propound three Ways : 

1. ' Concerning Plate in the Halls of London. 

2. * Subfcriptions in the feveral Wards under- 
written, not yet brought in. 

3. * Weekly Subfcriptious to be advanced. 
' The Means for faving of Monies. 

1. * To cut offfuperfluous Charges by uonecef- 
fary Officers in the Army. 

2. * That there may be due Mufters. 

3. * Indifferent honcft Men to be chofen in every 

Ward, to raife and advance the Subfcriptions, 

Foreign Merchants to be brought in, to give their 
AiTiftance to the Public. Then they withdrew. 

And being again call'd in, Mr. Speaker, by Com- 
mand of the Houfe, return'd them Thanks, as before. 

November 23. A Report was made to the Lords 
of a Conference held the Day before ; which Mr. 
Pvmtne faid, was appointed by the Houfe of Com- 
mons, to acquaint their Lordihips with fome Votes 
pafs'd by that Houfe, in Anfwer to the King's Re- 
ply, to which they defired the Lord's Concurrence. 
Thefe were divided into two Parts : 

I. ' That in the Anfwer to his Majefty's Mef- 
fage, the Houfes {hould defire the King to return to 
his Parliament; to the end that Religion, Laws, and 
Liberties may be fecured by the Advice of Parlia- 
ment ; that the Procefs and Juftice of Parliament, 
being the Supreme Court of Judicature, might have 
its free Courfe, and be executed on Delinquents ; 
and that they might not be protected and kept from 
Juftice by Force. In particular, that the Lord 
Digby and Mr. Henry Wilmot, be, prefently, deli- 
vered over to the Juftice of Parliament. That the 
Commons remember what Misfortune lately befell 
the two Regiments, at Brentford^ upon the faft 
Treaty ; therefore they now think fit to declare, That 
both Armies (hall be left to take all Advantage they 
can, on both Sides, in the mean Time. 

D 3 2. < Con- 

54 <The Par v HISTORY 

2. ' Concerning the Challenge ; the Houfe of 
Commons fay, They think it ftrange that the King 
of England fhould fend a Challenge and Invitation 
1 er * to a Battle with his own Subjects j feeing, hereto- 
fore, his Majefty feemed to decline the Effufion of 
Blood, and profefled ufmg all Means to prevent the 
fame : Therefore the Houfe of Commons refolve to 
be in Readinefs ; but if his Majefty will withdraw 
himfelf from his Cavaliers and the Army, he {hall 
be received j if not, they will not decline, if he has, 
a Mind, to give a Battle, the Time anJ Place be- 
ing firft appointed. 

' Thefe are the Heads the Houfe cf Commons 
have refolved on ; which, if their Lordfhips fhould 
concur with, they defired that Committees of both 
Houfes might be appointed to put them into a Form 
fit to he fent to his Majefty.' 

This Report being made, the Lords ordered, 
APetition drawn That the Confederation of this Matter fhould be put 
up by the Lords to a Committee of their whole Houfe then prefent j 

in Anfwer to the , . ,. , , TT ,. , , 

King's laft Re- and immediately the Houfe was adjourned, during 
ply. Pleafure, the Lords going into the Prince's Lodg- 

ings to debate it. And, in the Afternoon of this 
Day, the Earl of Holland, one of the Committee 
appointed, in the Morning, to confider of the fore- 
going Votes, delivered in a Draught of a Petition, to 
be prefentcd to the King, in which they thought fit 
to leave out the whole, relating to the Challenge, 
and only to fend the following : 

May it pleafe your Majefty, 

TT is humify defired by both Houfes of Parliament, 
* That ycur Majefty wculd be pleafed to return to 
your Parliament with your Royal, not your Martial, 
Attendants ; to the end that Religion, Laws, and 
Liberties, may be fettled and fecured by their Advice ; 
fnding, by a late and fad Accident, that your Majefty 
is invironed by fame fuch Counfels, as do rather per- 
Juadt a defyerate Divifiin, than a "Joining and a good 
Agreement with your Parliament and People ; and 
we Jball be ready to give yonr Majejiy AJ/urar.ces of 



GLAND. 55 

fitch Security, as may be for your Honour and the An 18. Car. I. 
Safety of your Royal Pcrjw. 

Or elfe we /hull, in convenient Time, conjider of 
fit Proportions to be fent to your Majefty, fuch as 
may be for the Prefervation of God's true Religion, 
your Majejiy^s Honour, Safety, and Profperity, and 
to tlje Peace and Happine/s of this and your other 

The Lords, on the Queftion, agreed to this Pe- 
tition, and ordered it to be fent down to be com- 
municated to the Commons at another Confe- 

Next Day a Report of this fecond Conference which, after 
was made in the Houfe of Lords, That the Com- feme Alteration* 
mons faid, They ftudied nothing more than the b y the .Com- 
good Correfpondency between the two Houfes, and J 1 ent to 
they defired a Continuance of it; though they dif- 
fered fomewhat in Opinion, about the Conference 
the laft Night, on the laft Petition intended to be 
fent to his Majefty. That they agreed to the firft; 
but had refolved, That the latter Part, beginning 
with the Words, Or elfe, C5V. fhould be left out. 
To this the Lords consented ; and alfo to another 
Vote of that Houfe, to fend to the Lord-General, 
the Earl of EJfex, to defire him to go on, notwith- 
itanding, with all Advantages, in profecuting the 
War. Accordingly the former Part of the Petition 
was fent in a Letter to the Lord Falkland, to be by 
him nrefemed to the King. 

The fame Day we meet with, in the Commons 
Journals, a Vote and Divifton of that Houfe, which 
fhews the great Jealoufy they had of any Intelli- 
gence being carried to the Kin^ : For the Queftion 
being propounded, Whether Mr. Jfffyi the King's 
Servant, hou!d have Mr. Speaker's Warrant to go 
to the Kins, to carry him Stockings and other Ne- 
cefiaries ; it pafs'd in the Affirmative by 26 againft 
18, but this on Condition of Mr. Wheeler's under- 
taking, that Mr. JeJJy (hould carry nothing elfe. 
The Tellers upon this Occafion were Sir Edward 


56 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS. Car. \.Afcougb and Mr. Trenchant, for the Yeas; Mr. 
1644. Marten and Mr. Long, for the Noes. 

November. ^ ^ ^ Q^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^ ^ 
A Committee before, for fending to the Lord Mayor to call a 
fiJT'aftrthi 6 " Common Hall J and this Da 7 a Committee of five 
Supply from the L r '' s with a proportionable Number of Corn- 
Citizens of L0-moners, were appointed to go thither. At this 
d* Meeting the Earl of Mancbejler f , one of the Com- 

mittee, and Mr. Pymme another, were the Mouths 
of the reft ; whofe Speeches beft explain the Errand 
they were fent upon s . And firft the Earl. 

My Lord Mayor, and you Gentlemen of the City 
of London, 

The Earl of ' T Am commanded to come hither upon an Er- 
Manebefter^s |^ ra nd, that I know, in the general, is never 
p^fi^^pleafing; which is, to exprefs Wants and Necef- 
feflment for that faies ; but I know very well to whom I fpeak, it 
Purpofe. i s to the Worthy, the Generous, and the Loyal 

Citizens of London ; who have exceeded all Story, 
in their Care for the Life and Preiervation both of 
the Parliament and the whole Kingdom ; therefore 
it would imply a Diftruft of your prefent Care to 
make a Supply, if I fhould ufe any Arguments to 
you : I fhall only fay this, That if there be not an 
Enlargement of yourfelves in fome Meafure at the 
prefent, I fhall be very unwilling to exprefs the 
Condition that I fear our Army will be reduced to: 
This is all that I (hall fay, that if there be a prefent 
Supply, I do not doubt but the Army will move 
with that Effedt, as it will prevent all thofe barba- 
rous and favage Plunderings of the Forces that are 
now under the Command of thofe Officers of the 

* I confcfs the Burden hath lain very heavy upon 
the City cf London only ; but you fhall have the 
Grace and the Honour of the Prefervation both 


f This Lord [EJward Mcxtagat] has been formerly fpcken of 
under the Title of Lord Kimtekan j but, about this Time, fucceedcd 
to the Earldom of Mancbeflir by the Death of his Father. 

C London, printed for Peter Coif, near the Royal Excbang e, 1641. 

Of E N G L A NT D. 57 

pf Religion and the Laws and Liberties of this An. 18. Car. \. 
Kingdom. l6 4*- 

'This Gentleman, that is by me, will let you VT"~ V T" <I 
i , .. i i n r / i T i November. 

know that it is already in Proportion, (and I do 

not doubt but it will fpeedily has'e the Concurrence 
of the Lords with it) to take that Care, that the 
future Burden fhall not lie upon thofe here in the 
City of London^ that have been careful to make 
Supplies, even to the exhaufting of themfelves; but 
that it fhall go generally to ail thofe that have 
fhrowded themfelves under a Kind of Neutrality 
here in London ; and that it {hall go generally 
throughout all the Counties of England; that fo 
the common Calamities fhall be prevented, or fup- 
ported by the common Burden laid upon the whole 

Then Mr. Pymme fpoke to this Effect: 

My Lord Mayor and Gentlemen^ 

come not to tell your Lordfhip and And Mr. 

thefe worthy Citizens only our Wants p J mrn f s Ul . Sa P* 

j V\ r i i -TM i /-F ort thereof. 

and Dangers, but we come to fpeak the Thanks of 
the Parliament to you, for that which you have 
already done ; that you have (hewed fo much Af- 
fecYion to the Public, and that it hath produced fo 
good Effects throughout the whole Kingdom, as 
that now you have an Army raifed, moft out of 
this City, able to defend (with God's Blefling) the 
Religion and Liberty of the Kingdom, if it may 
be upheld : And we come not only to give you 
Thanks for that which you have done, but to ftir 
you up to join with us in giving Thanks to God 
that hath given fuch a Bleffing to our Endeavours, 
that when, by Letters fent into all Parts almoft, 
they did prefume before-hand to triumph in the 
Ruin and Plundering of this City, God prevented 
it, and hath kept you fafe ; kept your Houfes, your 
Walls, your Suburbs, fafe from that that was in- 
tended againft you ; and truly as we have fought 
for this Blefling, by Fafting and by Prayer, fo it is 


58 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

An ' \l' !r ar< Im fit that we fhould teftify our Thankfgiving for it, 

L ^_ _j and this is a necefiary Part of our Errand which 

November. we are ^ ent about: And that we may be ferviceable 

to God's Providence ftill, as he hath ftirred up your 

Hearts to do fo much already, fo that he would flir 

you up ftill to continue to do that which is fit to 

be done for the future j and that you will do it 

in fuch a Way as may be moft pleafmg to your- 


' We come not hither, that, by any Confent 
here in public, you {hould bind yourfelves in parti- 
cular ; but we come to let you know the Dangers 
of the Kingdom, the Senfe the Parliament hath of 
it, and of the City efpecially, that you may not 
lofe that which hath been already done ; but that 
you may go on ftill chearfully to do the full Work. 
And we come to tell you, that the Parliament doth 
intend the Burden (hall not lie upon you that are 
well affe&ed and come in voluntarily j but that 
they have thought upon a Way, and have begun 
it already, and I hope, within two or three Days 
at the moft, it fhall be publimed to you, that all 
that are indifpofed (hall be forced to do that, which, 
out of Rcadinefs and Chearfulnefs to the Public 
Good, they will not do of themfelves : Neither 
limit we it to the City and Suburbs; but we are in 
a Courfe to draw in all the Counties of the King- 
dom, that as the Burden is univerfal, fo the Aid 
may be univerfal ; for thefe are the Thoughts of the 

' If it pleafe God to blefs your Forces that are 
already raifed and continued, we hope you fhall 
not only fee Peace again in the Kingdom, and 
Security for your Religion, but fee that the Burden 
fhall lie upon thofe who have been the Engines and 
A<Stors of the Mifchiefs and Troubles that are come 
upon us, that they fhall recompence the Charges 
you have been at already. 

* This is the Intention of the Parliament, only 
For the prefent do fomewhat ; every Man, as God 
fhall enable him, do fomewhat that may meet the 



prefent Neceffities ; 'an J prevent the Dangers that An. 18. Car. I. 

require a prcfent Subfidence, r.nd prefent Supply of 6 42- 

the Army ; without which what is it will follow, ^ >/ -J 

but the Danger or" the City, the Ruin of the Coun- Novera er * 

tries about, the Stopping up of the River which is 

almoft taken from you, and the Lofs of the Sea 

Coafts ? You cannot have better Hearts than you 

have ; God hath enabled many of you with Purf'es ; 

I hope it will be fo readily difpofed that we Ihall 

have a full Joy in the Recompence of it, and the , 

Retribution ; which we fhall all pray God to bring 

to pafs.' 

The Rcfult of this was, That the Citizens de- 
fired a Committee of both Houfes might be fent to 
them, with a Power to call fome Citizens and 
others to their Affiftance, and then they hoped this 
Requeft of Parliament would prove fuccefsful. 

The Want of Money to carry on the War be- 
ing now fo very urgent, an Ordinance was fent up 
this Day from the Commons, For Alleging Non- 
Contributors upon the Proportions for lending Mo- 
ney and raifmg of Horfe and Arms : This being 
the firft Inftance of any AflefTment laid upon the 
Subject without the Royal Afient, is too remarkable 
to be pafs'd over, 

' TTT7"Hereas the King, feduced by wicked An Ordinance 

* VV Counfel, hath raifed an Army, and le-P affed according- 
vied War againft the Parliament, and great Num- ^IcUribu" 2 

* bers of Forces are daily raifed under the Command tors to the P*r- 
of Papifts, and other ill-affeaed Perfons, by Com- lament's Army. 

* miflion from his Majefly : And whereas divers 
' Delinquents are protected from public Juftice by 
4 his Majefty's Army ; and fundry Outrages and 

* Rapines are daily committed by the Soldiers of the 
c faid Army, who have no RefpecT: to the Laws of 
4 God or the Land, but burn and plunder the 
4 Houfes, and feize and deftroy the Perfons of divers 

* of his Majefty's good Subjects : And whereas, for 
' the Maintenance of the faid Army, divers AfTefT- 

* ments are made upon feveral Counties, and his 


60 The Parliamentary HISTORY 
An. 18. Car. l. Majefty's Subjects are compelled by the Soldiers 

* to pay the fame j which faid Army, if it fhould 

* continue, would foon ruin and wafte the whole 
' Kingdom, and overthrow Religion, Law, and 

* Liberty : For fupprefling of which faid Army and 
' ill-affected Perfons, there is no probable Way, 
' under God, but by the Army raifed by Authority 

* of Parliament ; which faid Army fo raifed cannot 

* be maintained without great Sums of Money ; yet 

* for raifmg fuch Sums, by reafon of his Majefty's 
' withdrawing himfelf from the Advice of the Par- 

* liament, there can be no Act of Parliament pafled 

* with his Majefty's Aflent, albeit there is great 

* Juftice that the faid Money (hould be raifed ; the 
' Lords and Commons in Parliament have taken the 

* fame into their ferious Confideration, and know- 

* ing that the faid Army, fo raifed by them, hath 
' been hitherto, for the moft, maintained by the 

* voluntary Contributions of divers well- aftected 

* Perfons, who have freely contributed according to 

* their Abilities : 

' But confidering there are divers others within 
4 the Cities of L en don and Weftminfter, and the Sub- 
' urbs of the fame, and alfo within the Borough of 

* Soutbwark) that have not contributed at all towards 
' the Maintenance of the faid Army ; or if they 

* have, yet not anfwerable to their Eftates, who, 
4 notwithftanding, receive Benefit and Protection by 

* the faid Army, as well as others ; and therefore it 

* is moft juft that they (houid, as well as others, 

* be charged to contribute to the Maintenance 

* thereof : 

' Be it therefore ordained by the Lords and Com- 

* mons in Parliament aflembled, and by Authority 
' thereof, That Ifaac Pennington, Lord Mayor of 

* the City of London, Sir John Woolafton, Knight 
' and Alderman, Alderman Towes, Alderman War- 
' ner, Alderman Andrews, Alderman Chambers, 

* Alderman Fowke y Sir Thomas Soame, Knight and 

* Alderman j Samuel Vaffal, "John J'en t Morris 
6 Thump/on, and Richard [Paring^ Citizens, or any 

' four 


* four of them, fhall hereby have Power and Au-An. iS. Car. I. 
' thority to nominate and appoint, in every Ward 1642. 

e within the City of London^ fix fuch Perfons as they, ** v -J 

* or any four of them, {hall think fit; which faid fix NoVember - 
' fo nominated, or any four of them, fhall hereby 

' have Power to inquire of any that fhall remain or 
4 be within the faid feveral Wards, that have not 

* contributed upon the Proportions of both Houfes 

* of Parliament, concerning the raifing of Money, 

* Plate, Horfe, Horfemen, and Arms, for Defence 

* of the King and both Houfes of Parliament, and 

* alfo of fuch as are able Men, that have contributed, 
' yet not according to their Eftates and Abilities. 

' And the faid ilx Perfons fo nominated, or any 

* four of them, within their feveral and refpeftive 

* Wards and Limits, fhall have Power to afiefs fuch 
6 Perfon and Perfons as are of Ability and have not 

* contributed, and alfo fuch as have contributed, yet 
' not according to their Ability, to pay fuch Sum 

* or Sums of Money, according to their Eftates, 
' as the faid AfTefibrs, or any four of them, fhall 
' think fit and reafonable, fo as the fame exceed 
c not the twentieth Part of their Eftates, and to 

* nominate and appoint fit Perfons for the Collec- 
' tion thereof. 

' And if any Perfon fo aflefled fhall refufe to pay 

* the Money aflefled upon him, it (hall be lawful 
' to and for the faid Afleflbrs and Collectors, or any 

* of them, to levy the faid Sum fo aflefled, by way 
of Diftrefs and Sale of the Goods of the Perfon fo 
6 aflefled, and refufing. 

And if any Perfon fo diftrained {hall make Re- 

* fiftance, it fhall be lawful to and for the refpective 
' Afleflbrs and Collectors, or any of them, to call 

* to their Afliftance any of the Train'd Bands of the 
e faid City of London, or any other his Majefty's 

* Subjects, who are hereby required to be aiding and 
aflifting to the faid Afleflbrs and Collectors in the 

* Premifes. 

' And it is hereby further ordained, That the re- 

* fpeftive Burgefles f Weftminjhr and Southward., 

6 to- 

6 2 TA? Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Cat. I. 'together with the fcverai Committees appointed 

1642. < f or t h e Subscriptions of Money, Plate, Horfej 

**" * -^ ' Horfemen, and Arms within the laid City and 

lber> Borough, {hall refpectively have Power hereby to 

' nominate Aileiibrs for tne lame City and Borough, 

' in fuch Manner as the Lord Mayor, oV. hath for 

* the City of London ; and the laid AfleiTors, or 

* any four of them, to name Collectors as afore- 
' faid ; which faid Afilflbrs and Collectors fhall 
' have the fame Power refpcctive'y, within their re- 

* fpedtive Limits, as thcfe to be nominated within. 

* the faid City of London have hereby limited to 

* them. 

' And for the Suburbs of London and ii'efltmnflcr^ 
' the refpective Kights of the Shire where the faid 

* Suburbs are, fliall have hereby the like Power to 
' name Afleffors ; and they fo named, or any four 

* of them, and the Collectors by tr.em to be nomi- 

* nated, or any of them within their refpecYive Li- 

* mits, {hall have the like Power refpcctively, as 

* the Afleflbrs and Co'.Iccio.s tor London have by 
' virtue of this Ordin.'.ncj. 

' And be it ordained, That the Sums fo aflefled 
' and levied as aforelaid, fliall be paid in at Guild- 

* hall, London, to the Hands of Sir 'John IVoolafton^ 
' Knight, John Warner y , 

* Andrew^ Aldermen, or any two of them ; and 
' the Aflelibrs and Collectors, to be nominated by 
' virtue hereof, {hall Weekly report to the Commit- 

* tee of the Hoi:fe of Commons for the Proportions 

* aforefaid, what Sums of Money have been affeiled 
' and what Sums have been levied V/ockly, accord- 
' ing to the Purport hereof; and the laid Monies lo 

* levied and paid in, (hall be iiliied forth in fuch 
' Sort, as the other Monies railed upon the Propo- 
4 fuions, aforefaid, and not otherwife.' 

Which being re- * n confequence of this Ordinance the Parliament 
b) leve- proceeded to raife Money by an Afieilrncnt : But 
j, meetieg with ibme Difficulties in the Collection 
thereof, they made another Ordinance to explain 



the Firft ; whereby it was ordained, That if the 
Collectors could not find fufficient Aflets to diftrain 
upon the Refufers, they had Power to enquire what 
Rents, Tithes or Debts were owing to them, and 
to demand the fame of their refpective Tenants or 
Debtors. This was followed by a Third Ordi- 
nance, for the fpeedy Execution of the Firft. Soon 
after came out another, impowering the Collectors 
to break open any Chefts, Trunks, Boxes, Doors, 
or other Things, whereby to take a Diftrefs for the 
Sums affeffed. But all thefe not anfwering the ur- 
gent Neceffities of the Parliament, yet another Or- 
dinance was made ; whereby, in fuch Cafes where 
the Collectors fhould certify that a fu&cient Diftreis 
was to be had, but they could not come at it with- 
out Oppofition, two Colonels and three Captains, 
named in the faid Ordinance, and fiich Captains, 
Lieutenants, Officers, and Soldiers as they {hould 
appoint, were authorized to fearch.for the Refufers 
of fuch AflefTment ; and bring them before tbe 
Committee of the Houfe of" Commons for Exami- 
nations, who had Power given th. ; laft 
Ordinance, to imprifon the Refuiers in fuch Places 
of the Kingdom, and for fo long Time, as they 
fhould appoint and order ; and that the Families of 
all fuch Perfons, fo imprifoned, {hould no longer 
remain within the Cities of London and IPeJlminjier^ 
the Suburbs, and the Counties adjacent. But at the 
fame Time that the Parliament took" fuch eire&uai 
Care to raife this AiTeiThient upon the Subjects at 
large, they made an Ordinance, That the fevera! 
and refpeclive AffeiTors fhould not aflefs any Mem- 
bers of either of the Houfes of Parliament, or the 
Afliftants of the Houfe or Peers ; any thing in the pre- 
ceding Ordinances, or any of them, to the contrary 
notwithftanding : I>ut that the Members of either 
Houfe fhall be afTefled by that Houfe whereof they 
were Members, and the AfTiftants of the Peers by 
the Houfe of Peers. q This laft Ordinance, how- 

. 1 The above-mentioned Ordinances may be fetn at Leng'h in 
Jluflatids 's Cilk&icra from p. 766, to p, 777. 

64 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

.ever, for impowering the Members to tax therri- 
felves, was carried in the Houfe of Commons by a 
Majority of only 43 Voices againft 40. 


On Occafion of all thefe Ordinances the King 
publifhed the following Declaration, addrefled to all 
his loving Subjects : 

The King pub.' T ^ would not be believed (at leaft great Pains 

liflies an Aniwer* JL have been taken that it might not) that the 

to them. * pretended Ordinance of the Militi:'., (the firft At- 

' tempt that ever was to make a Law by Ordinance 

* without our Confent) or the keeping us out of 
' Hull) and taking our Arms and Munition from 

* us, could any way concern the Intereil, Property, 
' or Liberty of the Subject ; and it was confefled 
by that defperate Declaration itfelf of the 26th of 

* May t That if they were found guilty of that Charge 

* of deftroving the Title and Intcre/i of our Sukjeffi 
' to their Lands and Goods, it were indeed a very 
' great Crime,? But it was a ftrange fatal Lethargy 

* which had feized our good People, and kept 

* them from difcerning, that the Nobility, Gen- 
' try, and Commonalty of England, were not only 

* ftripped of their Pre-eminences and Privileges, 

* but of their Liberties and Eftates, when our juft 
' Rights were denied us ; and that no Subject could, 

* from thenceforth, expect to do weil at home, 

* when we were driven from our Houfes and our 
' Towns. 

* It was not poflible that a Commifllon could be 

* granted to the Earl of E/ex y to raife an Army 

* againft us ; and, for the Safety of our Perfon and 
' Prelervation of the Peace of the Kingdom, to pur- 
' fue, kill, and flay us, and all who wifh well to 
' us ; but that, in a ftiort Time, inferior Comman- 
' ders, by the fame Authority, would require our 
1 good Subjects, for the Maintenance of the Pro- 
1 perty of the Subject, to fupply them with fuch 
' Sums of Money as they think fit, upon the Pe- 

' nalty 

? This Declintion it in our Eleventh Volume. 

Of ENGLAND. 65- 

1 nalty of being plundered zvitb all Extremity of War ; An. iS. Car. I/ 
(as the Style of Sir Edward Baynton's Warrant runs l6 4*- _j 

* againft our poor Subjects in Wiltjhire) and by mch Novem t, eri 
e Rules of unlimited Arbitrary Power, as are incon- 

* fiftent with the leaft Pretence or Shadow of that 

* Property it would feem to defend. 

' If there could be yet any Underftanding fo un- 
' fkilful and fupine to believe, that thefe Difturbers 
' of the Public Peace do intend any thing but a 
' general Confufion, they have brought them a fad 

* Argument to their own Doors to convince them : 
' After this Ordinance and Declaration it is not in 
' any fober Man's Power to believe himfelf worth 
' any thing* or that there is fuch a Thing as Law, 
' Liberty, or Property left in England, under the 

* Jurifdiciion of thefe Men ; and the fame Power 
' that robs them now of the twentieth Part of their 

* Eftates, hath, by that, but made a Claim, and 

* intitled itfelf to the other nineteen, when it (hall 

* be thought fit to haften the general Ruin. 

' Sure, if the Minds of all Men be not ftubbornly 
e prepared for Servitude, they will look on this Or- 

* dinanceas the greateft Prodigy of Arbitrary Power 
' and Tyranny that any Age hath brought forth irt 
' any Kingdom : Other Grievances, and the great- 

* eft, have been conceived intolerable, rather by the 
' Logic and Confequence, than by the Preflure it- 
' felf ; this, at once, fweeps away all that the Wif- 
' dom and Juftice of Parliaments have provided for 

* them. Is their Property in their Eftates, (fo 
' carefully looked to by their Anceftors, and fo amp- 
' ly eftablifhed by us againft any Poflibility of Inva- 

* fion from the Crown) which makes the mcanefi: 
' Subject as much a Lord of his own, as the greateft 

* Peer, to be valued or confidered f Here is a twen- 

* tieth Part of every Man's Eftate (or fo much 
' more as four Men will pleafe to call the twentieth 
' Part) taken away at once ; and yet a Power left 

* to take a twentieth ftill of that which remains 5 
4 and this to be levied by fuch Circumftances of Se- 
' verity, as no Aft of Parliament ever confented to. 

* Is their Liberty, which diftineuifhes Subjects from 

VOL. XII. E Slaves, 

66 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. i. Car. i. Slaves, and in which this Free-born Nation hath 

^J *' ' the Advantage of all Chriftendom, dear to them r" 

November ' They ihall not only be imprifoned in fuch Places 

' of this Kingdom, (a Latitude of Judgment no 

* Court can challenge to itfelf in any Cafes) but 
' for fo long a Time as the Committee of the 
' Houfe of Commons for Examinations {hall ap- 

* point and order ; the Houfe of Commons itfelf 
' having never aflumed, or, in the Icaft Degree, 
' pretended to a Power of Judicature ; having no 

* more Authority to adminilter an Oath, (the only 

* Way to difcover and find out the Truth of Fatts) 
' than to cut off the Heads of any of our Subjects j 

* and this Committee, being fo far from being a 

* Part of the Parliament, that it is deftructive to the 

* whole, by ufurping to itfelf all the Power of King, 

* Lords, and Commons. 

4 All who know any thing of Parliaments, know 

* that a Committee of either Houfe ought not, by 
< the Law, to publifh their own Refults ; neither are 

* their Conclusions of any Force without the Con- 

* formation of the Houfe, which hath the fame 

* Power of controling them, as if the Matter had 

* never been debated : But that any Committee 

* ihould be fo contracted (as this of Examinations, 

* a Style no Committee ever bore before this Parlia- 
' mem) as to exclude the Members of the Houfe, 

* who are equally trufted by their Country, from 

* being prefent at their Counfels, is fo monftrous to 

* the Privileges of Parliament, that it is no more in 

* the Power of any Man to give up that Freedom, 

* than of himfelf to order, that, from that Time, 

* the Place for which he ferves (hall never more fend 

* a Knight or Burgefs to the Parliament ; and, in 

* Truth, is no lefs than to alter the whole Frame of 

* Government, to pull up Parliaments by the Roots, 

* and to commit the Lives, Liberties, and Kftates 

* of all the People of England, to the Arbitrary 
Power of a few unqualified Perfons j who (hall 

* difpofe thereof according to their Difcretion, with- 

* out Account to any Rule or Authority whatfo- 

* ever. 



* Arc their Friends, their Wives, and Children An, iS. Car. I 
c (the greateft Bleffings of Peace, and Comforts of * 6 4 2 - 

' Life) precious to them ? Would their Penury and v rr~ v ~7"* 1 

T -r iir t_ i / *" j i a Novembtjv 

* Impnfonment be lefs grievous by thole Cordials r 

' Theyfhall be divorced from them, banilhed, and 
' ftiall no longer remain within the Cities of London 

* and Weftminfter) the Suburbs and the Counties 
' adjacent ; and how far thofe adjacent Counties 
' fliall extend no Man knows. 

' Is there any thing now left to enjoy, but the 
c Liberty to rebel, and deftroy one another ? Are 
' the outward Bleffings only of Peace, Property, and 
' Liberty, taken and forced from our Subjects ? Are 

* their Confciences free and unaflaulted by the Vi- 
' olence of thefe Fire-brands ? Sure the Liberty and 

* Freedom of Confcience cannot fuffer by thefe Men! 

* Alas ! all thefe Punifhmcnts are impofed upon 
c them, becaufe they will not fubmit to Actions con- 
' trary to their natural Loyalty, to their Oaths of 
' Allegiance and Supremacy, and to their late vo- 
' luntary Proteftation, which obliges them to the 

* Care of ourPerfon and our juft Rights. 

' How many Perfons of Honour, Quality, and 

* Reputation, of the feveral Counties of England* 
' are now imprifoned without any Objections againft 
' them, but Sufpicion of their Loyalty ? How ma- 
c ny of the graved and moft fubftantial Citizens of 

* London, by whom the Government and Difcipline 

* of that City was preferved, are difgraced, robb'd, 

* and imprifoned, without any Procefs of Law, or 

* Colour of Accufation, but of Obedience to the 
' Law and Government of the Kingdom ; whilft 
' Anabaptifts and Brownifts, y?ith the Afliftance of 

* vitious and debauched Perfons of defperate For- 

* tunes, take upon them to break up and rifle Houfes, 
' as public and avowed Minifters of a new-invented 
' Authority ? How many godly, pious, and painful 
' Divines, whofe Lives and Learning hath made 

* them of reverend Eftimaticn, are now flandercd 

* with Inclination to Popery ; difcountenanced and 
'imprifoned, for difcharging their Ojnfciences, in- 

* ftructing the People in the Chriftian Duties of Re- 

E 2 ligion, 

68 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. j8. Car. I.' ligion and Obedience; whilft fchifmatical, illite- 

* rate, and fcandalous Preachers fill the Pulpits and 
Churches with Blafphemv, Irreverence and Trea- 
' fon, and incite their Auditory to nothing but Mur- 
der and Rebellion ? 

We pafs over the vulgar Charm, by which they 

* have captivated fuch who have been contented to 
' difpenfe with their Confciences for the Prefervation 

* of their Eftates j and by which they perfuade Men, 

* chearfully, to part with this twentieth Part of their 
4 Eftates to the good Work in hand ; for whoever 

* will give what he hath, may efcape Robbing : 

* They (hall be repaid upon the Public Faith, as all 

* other Monies lent upon the Proportions of both 

* Houfes. It may be fo ; but Men muft be con- 
4 demned to a ftrange Unthriftinefs who will lend 

* upon fuch Security. The Public Faith indeed i 

* as great an Earneit as the State can give, and en- 

* gages the Honour, Reputation, and Honefty of 

* the Nation, and is the Act of the Kingdom ; it 

* is the Security of the King, the Lords, and Com- 

* jnons, which can never need an Executor, can 

* never die, never be bankrupt ; and therefore we 

* willingly confented to it for the Indemnity of our 

* good Subjects of Scotland (who, we hope, will not 

* think the worfe of it, for being fo often and focheap- 

* ly mentioned fmce) ; but that a Vote of one or both 

* Houfes Ihould be an Engagement upon the Public 

* Faith, is as impofiible 'as that the Committee of the 
4 Houfe of Commons for Examinations (hould be 

* the High Court of Parliament. 

* And what is or can be faid, with the leaft Sha- 
c dow of Reafon, to juftify thefe Extravagances ? 
4 We have not lately heard of the old Fundamental 

* Laws which ufed to warrant the Innovations ; this 
4 needs a Refuge even below thofe Foundations. 

* They will fay, They cannot manage their great 
Undertakings without fuch extraordinary Ways. 

4 We think fo too ; but that proves only they have 
' undertaken fomewhat they ought not to undertake ; 
4 not that it is lawful for them to do any thing that 
is convenient for thofe Ends. 

4 We 

Of E N G L A N D. 69 

{ We remembered them long ago, and we can- An. iS. Car. I. 

* not do it too often, of that excellent Speech of 
4 Mr. Pymme : The Law is that which puts a Dif- 
ference betwixt Good find Evil, betwixt Juft and 

* Utijuft ; if you take away the Law, all Things will 
' fall into Confufion, every Man will become a Law 
' unto himfelf ; which, in the depraved Condition of 
4 human Nature, muft needs produce many great 
6 Enormities ; Luft will become a Law, and Envy 

* will become a Law ; Covetoufnefs and Ambition wilt' 

* become Laws ; and what Deflates, what Decijions^ 
fuch Laius will produce, ?nr.y eafily be difcerned. It 

* may indeed, by the fad Inftances over the whole 

< Kingdom : But will Pofterity believe, that, in the 
fame Parliament, this Doctrine was avowed with 

< that Acclamation, and thefe Inftances after pro- 

* duced ? That, in the fame Parliament, fuch Care 

< was taken, that no Man {hould be committed, in 
4 what Cafe foever, without the Caufe of his Impri- 

* fonment exprefled, and that all Men {hould be 
immediately bailed, in all Cafes bailable : And, 
4 during the fame Parliament, that Alderman Pen- 
' nington, or indeed any Body elfe but the fwom 
6 Minifters of Juftice, {hould imprifon whom they 
i would, and for what they would, and for as long 

< a Time as they would ? That the King {hould 

< be reproached with Breach of Privilege for accufing 
Sir John Hotham of High Treafon, when, with 

* Force of Arms, he kept him out of Hull, and" 
' defpifed him to his Face ; becaufe, in no Cafe, a 

' Member of cither Houfe might be committed or 

* accufed, without Leave of that Houfe of which 

* he is a Member : And yet that, during the fame 
' Parliament, the fame Alderman {hould commit 

* the Earl of Middle/ex, a Peer of the Realm, and 
' the Lord Buckburjl, a Member of the Houfe of 
4 Commons, to the Counter without Reprehenfion ?" 
' That to be a Traitor (which is defined, and every 
c Man underftands) {hould be no Crime ; and to 

* be called a Malignant, (which Nobody knows the 

* Meaning of) {hould be Ground enough for clofe 

* Imprifonment I That a Law {hould be ma-de, 

E 3 Thax 

70 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS. Car. L* That whofoever {hould prefume to take Tunnage 

1644. * an( j Poundage, without an A61 of Parliament, 

V""" V *""""' J ' fhould incur the Penalty of a Premunire ; and, in 

November. , ^ f an ie Parliament, that the fame Impofition 

* Ihould be laid upon our Subjects, and taken by an 
' Order of both Houfes, without and againft our 

* Confent ! Laftly, That, in the fame Parliament, 
' a Law (hould be made to declare the Proceedings 
' and Judgment upon Ship-Money to be illegal and 
' void ; and, during the Parliament, that an Or- 
' der of both Houfes (hall, upon Pretence of Ne- 

* ceffity, enable four Men to take away the twen- 

* tieth Part of their Eftates from all their Neigh- 
bours, according to their Difcretion. 

' But our good Subjects will no longer look upon 

* thefe and the like Kefults, as upon the Counfels 
' and Conclufions of both our Houfes of Parlia- 

* ment, tho' all the World knpws even that Autho- 
' rity can never juftify Things unwarrantable by 

* Law ; they well know how few of the Perfons 
' trufted by them are prefent at their Confultations ; 

* of above 500, not 80 ; and of the Houfe of Peers, 
' not above a fifth Part ; that they who are prefent, 

* enjoy not the Privilege and Freedom of Parlia- 

* ment; but are befieged by an Army, and awed 

* by the fame Tumults, which drove us and their 

* Fellow- Members from thence, to confent to what 

* fome few feditious, fchifmatical Perfons amongfl 
8 them do propofe. 

' Thefe are the Men who, joining with the Ana- 

* baptifts and Brownifts of London^ firft changed the 

* Government and Difcipline of that City j and 

* now, by the Pride and Power of that City, would 

* undo the Kingdom, whilft their Lord Mayor, (a 

* Perfon accufed and known to be guilty of High 

* Treafon) by a new Legiflative Power of his own, 

* fupprefles and reviles the Book of Common Prayer, 
' robs and imprifons whom he thinks fit, and, with 

* the Rabble of his Fadtion, gives Laws to both 

* Houfes of Parliament ; and tells them they will 

* have no Accommodation : Whilft the Members, 

* (em and intrufted by their Counties, are expelled 


Of E N G L A N D. 71 

e the Houfe, or committed, for refufing to take the An. 18. Car. T. 

* Oath of Aflbciation to live and die with the EarJ * 6 4 2 - 

* of Ejfcx, as very lately Sir Sidney Montague. p * "v~ ^ 

Thefe are the Men who have prefumed to fend l 

* Ambaftadors, and to enter into Treaties with fo- 
' reign States, in their own Behalfs ; having, at this 
' Time an Agent of their own with the States of 
' Holland, to negotiate for them upon private In- 
' ftructions. 

' Thefe are the Men who, not thinking they have 
c yet brought Mifchief enough upon this Kingdom, 
c at this Time invite and follicit our Subjects of Scot - 

* land to enter this Land with an Army againft us. 
< In a Word, thefe are the Men, who have made this 
' laft devouring Ordinance to take away all Law, 

* Liberty, and Property from our People; and have, 
' by it, really acted that upon our People, which, 

* with infinite Malice, and no Colour or Ground, 

* was laboured to be infufed into them, to have 
' been our Intention by the Commiflion of Array. 


P Tho*, for the fake of Connexion, we have given this Declara- 
tion under the Month of November y it was not publiflied till Decem- 
ber ; which gave the King Occafton to take Notice of a Tranfa&ion 
that /lands thus in the Commons Journals : 

December 3, 1642. 

The Queftion for adhering to the Earl of EJ/ex in this Caufe, for 
the Maintenance and Prefervation of the true Proteftant Religion, the 
King's Perfon, the Laws of the Land, the Peace of the Kingdom, the 
Liberty and Property of the Subject, and the Rights and Privileges of 
Parliament, was this Day read to Sir Sidney Montague, [Member for 
Huntingdonshire] and his Vote being demanded, be gave his Negative 
Voice unto it. 

Hereupon the Commons refolved, [but by a Majority of only 48 
Voices againft 45] iff, ' That % he be difabled from continuing any 
longer a Member of that Houfe, during this Parliament, idly, ' Thuc 
his Perfon be forthwith fecuted. And, -$dly, That he be forthwith 
committed Prifoner to the To-war. Sir Sidney Montague was then cal- 
led to the Bar, and, kneeling there, Mr. Speaker pronounced Sentenc 
againft him accordingly j For not yielding his Confent to aflift the Earl 
of EJ/ex in the Maintenance of Religion, the King's Perfon, the Li- 
berty of the Subject,, the Rights and Privileges of Parliament ; and 
giving for his Reafon, That the King had declared fuch to be Trai- 
tors, as fhould adhere to the faid Earl in this Caufe, and pulling fuch 
a Declaration out of his Pocket i thereby feeming to lay an Imputa- 
tion upon all the Members, and others, that had declared to affift tha- 
faid Earl in this Caufe : The Houfe thinking it a Crime, that any 
Member mould be guided by Declarations from abroad., and not by his 
ijwn Judgtnsnt, in giving hi* Vote, 

72 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, *S. Car. I. * We have now done. What Power and Author! - 

* ty thefe Men have, or would have, we know not : 
For ourfelf, we challenge none fuch ; we look 

* upon the Prellures and Inconveniences our good 
Subje&s bear, even by us and our Army, (which 
the Army firft raifed by them enforced us to levy 
' in our Defence, and their Refufal of all Offers and 

* Defires of Treaty enforceth us to keep) with very 
much Sadnefs of Heart : We are fo far from rc- 
quiring a twentieth Part of their Eftates, (though 

* for their own vifible Prefervation) that, as we 
' have already fold or pawned our own Jewels, and 
' coined our own Plate, fo we are willing to fell all 
our own Land and Houfes for their Relief ; yet 

* we do not doubt but our good Subjects will feii- 

* oufly confider our Condition, and their own Du- 
ties, and think our Readinefs to protect them with 

* the utmoft Hazard of our Life, deferves their Rea- 
dinefs to aflift us with fome Part ef their Fortunes ; 

* and whilft other Men give a twentieth Part of 
their Eftates, to enable them to forfeit the other 
' nineteen, that they will extend themfelves to us in 
a liberal and free Proportion for the Prefervation of 

* the reft ; and for the Maintenance of God's true 
' Religion, the Laws of the Land, the Liberty of 
4 the Subject, and the Safety and very Being of Par- 

* liaments and of this Kingdom'; for if all thefe ever, 
were, or can be, in manifeft Danger, it is now 
in this prefent Rebellion againft us. 

* Laftly, We will and require all our loving Sub- 
e je&s, of what Degree or Quality foever, as they will 

* anfwer it to God, to Us, and to Pofterity, by their 
' Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy ; as they would 

* not be looked upon now, and remembered hereaf- 
c ter, as Betrayers of the Laws and Liberty they were 

* born to ; that they, in no Degree, fubmit to this 
' wild pretended Ordinance; and that they.prefume 
< not to give any Encouragement, or Afliftance, to 

* the Army now in Rebellion againft us. Which if, 
notwithstanding, they (hall do, they muft expect 
4 from us the fevereft Punifhment the Law can in- 
flidl, and a perpetual Infamy with all cood Men.' 



A Letter from the Hague, directed to Secretary An. is Car. I, 
Nicholas, fuppofed to corne from Col. Goring, ha- 
ving been taken from the Gentleman who brought 
it, and carried to the Parliament : It was this Day, 
November 26, read in both floufes, and by them 
ordered to be printed ; and alfo to be read in all the 
Churches of Londan, and the Suburbs thereof. 

Hague, Nov. 22, 1642. 

TT is now long face I bad the Opportunity of wri- An intercepts 
- ting to you ; but, fence my fir/1, have not heard Letter from Col, 
any thing from you at all. The Occafegn of cur lonf Car "%* 
Stay here was, firft, the Expectation of our Irifh 
Ships; next) the Raifing of Alaney, which the Pro- 
pojition 0/~Newca{He -drew ai fajl as it could advance. 

The Failing of the Ships, had It not been fuppiied 
by the Reputation of the King's Succefs at Land, had 
given us a dangerous Blow here ; but that hath Jo 
fupported our Credit, that the Prince of Orange hath 
jincc played his Part, and advanced all thoje Sums 
we were to expctt ; of which 20,000 1. is fent to- 
wards you, 20,000 1. to Newcaftle, and 20,000 1. 
at leajl, we bring with us ; befules the great Bufinefs, 
which ^i>e expeft this Day a final End of, which will 
advance 6o,coo 1. mere, in which we are ascertained 
cf the Prince of Orange \r utwoft Power; fuck, ne- 
verthelffs, we apprehend the Importance of the hteeri*s 
fceing in England, that ^ve had gone this laji IVeek^ 
and expected the Coming of that after, had not an un- 
feafinable Compliment from your Side Jiopped us, till 
this Exprefs fent to you. 

The Fleet is now ready, and this Week we certainly 
go, if thoje Counfels, or Chances, that tend to dila- 
tory Resolutions, move not more effectually than the 
certain Advantages of our Expedition and D if patch 
from hence ; all our Affairs being now done, and no- 
thing more to be expected. 

That you may know upon what Grounds we go^ 
and tubat Security we expecJ there, and what Advan- 
tage you in the South are to derive from it, you mujl 
inow we have fent over IO,000 Foot Arms befedes 
the Garrifon^ near 2000 Horfe Arms, and 20 Pieces: 


74 Tbt Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS. Car, I. of Cannon. IFe bring over Waggons, and all Accom- 

, l^T . modation, to march fo foon as we arrive ; we carry 

very confederate Officers from hence, and, by the Ad- 
vice we receive from that Side, 8000 Men are on foot 
already, and fix Troops of Horje ; the rc/l will not 
be long in raijing after we come there. General King 
is de/igned for Lieutenant -General, and hath been 
with the Queen, and will be fuddenly there. 

From Denmark are likewife fent Arms for io>CCO 
Foot, and 1500 Horfe, with a Train of Artillery and 
every Thing proportionable, to the very jbrums ar:d 
Halberds. Two good Men of War come their Con- 
voy, and in them an Ambaflador to his Majefty, a 
Perfon of great Duality in Denmark : / hope it will 
be a general Care there to fee him nobly treated ; far 
the Entertainment and Ne%lei of the la ft was much 
complained of, and is fo much re fent ed by that KD?, 
that it bad like to have frujlated all our Expefiati&ns 
in that Court, had not Cochran very handfomely evaded 
it : He comes along with the AmbaJ/ador ; with whom. 
if you encounter, he will communicate fame Propofe- 
iions of great Importance ; which, in hew much the 
fewer Hands they are carried, will be Jo much the 
better liked by them you are to deal with ; if any Em- 
ployment in this Affair may fall upon your Servant 
that writes to you, I know you will not be unmindful 
cf him. 

We have great Apprehenfjons here, by fomething in- 
timated from my Lord of Holland, cf a Treaty fur- 
ther entered into than we have Advertisement of, or- 
can well approve ; we have confidently believed your 
approaching London (if you had not made too long 
Stay upon the Way) would have determined that Mat- 
ter j and what the Difficulties are now of that, zut 
cannot yet under /land, for if Intelligence from henct 
came as freely to you as to us, the King's Party there 
are very con fider able, and full of that Expectation ; 
and a Day tr twos Lofs of Time, by the late Example 
cfHutt, may be judged what contrary Conferences it 
may produce. 

IVe hear my LcrdofEffex approaches London, but 
bttieve he will be fo waited on by the King's Horfe, as 



Of E N G L A N D. 75 

not to let him join with their Forces there; being now An. if. Csr. I.. 
Jo lame an Army, without Horje or Cannon, as the 
Relations you fend hither make him to be. We fog. 
lleve the King 3 Horfe now likeivife jo great a Body, 
that it will be as troublesome as unnecejjary for them 
to fubfift together ; and think fo many Troops might 
bt well /pared as might be fent into Kent, to counte- 
nance a Party to be Jet on Foot there ; which, accord- 
ing to our Intelligence here, would undoubtedly be found 
wry affectionate and. confederable ; fa that ly /paring 
oo Horfe, you might pojjibly add to your Army 5000 
"oot, to be employed upon, the River on that Side thg 

If the unhappy Interception had not come of the lajl 
Week's Letters, we had undoubtedly been With you, on 
the ether Side, in Norfolk and flex, within three 
Weeks ; and, in that Condition, having all the King- 
dom behind us on every Side, it will not be bard t& 
judge whether would have been better able to fubfi/l, 
they within the Town, or the King's Army without \ 
admit my Lord of KiTex were gotten in, or that the-. 
Town had not yielded it/elf fo foon as you had ap- 
proached, you may yet certainly pre/ume on this, that, 
by our being once on Foot, we fiall be able to collet for 
you all the 400,000 1. Sub/idles, universally through- 
out the Kingdom ; which will make the King's Army 
fubfiji, and wear out theirs, befidei the Money which 
we bring. 

What we expefl from Denmark and France, ar 
ell Encouragements to make us expett no Treaties t/> 
l>e admitted, but upon Terms of great Advantage and 
Honour to his Majejly - y thefe you are bejl able to judgs 
of upon the Place. 

If the King have U/e of them, I am confident you 
may expeft from France (fo foon as you Jet Foot in 
Kent, and /hall intimate your De/ire of the fame) the 
three Regiments of his Majejly s own Subjefts there, 
employed under Colonel Hill, Colonel Fitz-Williams, 
and Colonel Sealing. Your Letters directed to New- 
caftle will direft our Addrejjes to France, for I hopt 
we Jball yet be tbert before you can return any in An- 
fwer to this* 
J We 

76 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. We find, both in Rujhwortb's and HttflanaYn 
Collections, the following Account of the Manner 
how this Letter was intercepted and taken : 
November. < Q n g aturt j ay Morning the Gentleman that 
The Manner of brought this Letter from Holland, came up to Lon- 
i being inter- ^ on J n a Gravefend Boat, intending to land at 
septed, Brentford, and therefore, for the more Expedition, 

ihot the Bridge ; which being perceived by one of 
the Pinnaces that Jay on this Side for the Guard of 
the City and Parliament, and being known to be a 
Gravefend Boat, which always land on the other 
Side at Biltingfgate, they called to them to know 
their Bufmefs ; but they, not regarding their Sum- 
mons, ftill ported away ; whereupon the Men in 
the Ship made after them and hauled them in, ex- 
amined the Gentleman, and, having fome Sufpi- 
cion, fearched him and found this, with fome other 
Letters about him ; whereupon they prefently car- 
ried him up to the Parliament ; where, after Exa- 
mination, his Letters were taken from him, and he 
committed to fafe Cuftody. 

Nov. 28. The King's Anfwer to the Parliament's 
laft Petition to him,"inclofed in a Letter to the 
Speaker of the Houfe of Lords, was read in that 
Houfe, as follows ; 

The King's An- c All 7^ expc&ed fuch Propofitions from you, as 
fwer to the PC- \\ might fpeedily remove and prevent the 
' Mifer y and Deflation of this Kingdom; and that, 

* for the effecTmg thereof, (we now redding at a con- 
' venient Place, not far from our City of London} 

* Committees from both our Houfes of Parliament 
' fhould attend us; for you pretended, by your Mef- 

* fage to us at Colcbrooke, that thofe were your De- 
fires : Inftead thereof (and thereby let all the World 
' judge of the Defign of that Overture) we have only 
' received your humble Petition, That ive would be 
' ^leafed to return to our Parliament with our Royal, 
' not cur Martial, Attendants. 

* All our good Subjects that remember what we 
' have fo often told you and thejn upon this Sub- 

Of E N G L A N D. 77 

* jeer, and what hath fmce parted, muft, with In- An. 18. Car. I. 
c dignation, look upon this Mefiage, as intended 

' by the Contrivers thereof for a Scorn to us ; and 
4 thereby defigned by that Malignant Party (of 
4 whom we have fo often complained, whofe Safety 
' and Ambition is built upon the Divifions and Ruins 

* of this Kingdom, and who have too great an In- 
' fluence upon your Actions) for a Wall of Separa- 

* tion betwixt us and our People. 

' We have told you the Reafon why we parted 
6 from London ; how we were chafed thence, and 

* by whom : We have often complained that the 
4 greateft Part of our Peers, and of the Members of 

* our Houfe of Commons, could not, with Safety 

* to their Honours and Perfons, continue and vote 
e freely among you ; but, by Violence a,nd cunning 
' Practices, were debarred of thofe Privileges which 
' their Birth-rights, and the Truft repofed in them 

* by their Counties, gave them ; the Truth whereof 
4 may fufficiently appear by the fmall Number of 

* thofe that are with you. 

4 We have offered to meet both our Houfes in 
4 any Place free and convenient for us and them, 
4 but we could never receive the leaft Satisfaction in 

* any ofthefe Particulars, nor for thofe fcandalous 

* and feditious Pamphlets and Sermons which fwarm 

* amongft you. That's all one you tell us : It is now 

* for our Honour, and for the Safety of our Royal 

* Perfon, to return to our Parliament. But herein 

* your formerly Denying us a Negative Voice gives 
4 us Caufe to believe, that, by giving yourfelves 

* that Name without us, you intend not to acknow- 
4 ledge us to be Part of it. 

4 The whole Kingdom knows that an Army was 

* raifed under Pretence of Orders of both Houfes, 
4 an Ufurpation never heard of before in any Age ; 
' which Army hath purfued us in our own King- 
4 dom, gave us Battle at Keyntcn, and endeavoured 

* to take away the Life of us and our Children ; and 

* yet (thefe Rebels being newly recruited, and pof- 

* fefled of our City of London) we are courteoufly in- 
vited to return to our Parliament there ; that is, 

4 into 

78 77;e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS. Car. I. into the Power of their Army. Doth this fignify 

l6 4 2 ' any other Thing, than that, fince the traiterous 

^r^^"^ ' Endeavours of thofe defperateMen could not fnatch 

' the Crown from our Head, (it being defended by 

* the Providence of God, and the Affections and Loy- 
' alty of our good Subjects) we fhould now tamely 

* come up and give it them ; and put ourfelves, our 

* Life, and the Xivcs, Liberties, and Fortunes of all 
' our good Subjects into their merciful Hands ? 

' Weil, we think not fit to give any other Anfwer, 

* to this Part of your Petition : But as we impute not 

* this Affront to both our Houfes of Parliament, nor 
' to the Major Part of thofe that are now prefeut 
' there, but to that dangerous Party we and the whole 

* Kingdom mult cry out upon ; fo we mall, for our 
' good Subjects Sake, and out of our moft tender 
' Senfe of their Miferies and the general Calamities 
' of this Kingdom, which mult, if this War con- 
' tinue, fpeedily overwhelm this whole Nation, take 

* no Advantage of it. But, if you (hall really pur- 
' fue what you prefented to us at Colebrocke^ we 

* (hall make good all we then gave you in Anfwer to 

* it, whereby the Hearts of our diftrelTed Subjects 

* may be raifed with the Hopes of Peace ; without 
' which Religion, the Laws, and your Liberties, 

* can no way be fettled and fecured. 

* Touching the late and fad Accident you men- 
' tion, if you thereby intend that of Brentfsrd, we 
' defire you, once, to deal ingenuoufly with the 

* People ; and to let them fee our laft Mefiage to 

* you, and our Declaration to them, concerning the 

* fame ; (both which we fent to our Prefs at Lon- 

* don^ but were taken away from our MefTenger, and 

* not fuftered to be publifhed) and then we doubt 

* not but they will be foon undeceived, and eafily 

* find out thofe Counfels, which do rather perfuadc 
4 a defperate Divifion than a good Agreement be- 
' twixt us, our two Houfes, and People.' 

The Lords ordered, That this MefTage (hould be 
communicated to the Commons forthwith j and it 
was fent dwn to them accordingly. 


Of E N G L A N D. 79 

Nov. 29. The Meffengers were difmifled that An. iS. Car. I. 
brought the laft MefTage from the King; and a Let- 1641. 
ter was wrote to the Lord Falkland, intimating, * "%* J 
That the Houfes would fend an Anfwer to it by an ' vember 
Exprefs of their own. 

The fame Day an Ordinance of Parliament was An Ordinance 
made, For the fpeedy fetting forth certain Ships, in for fitting out 
all Points furnimed for War, to prevent the bring- S S'f to . cut , off 

e i j iv it r\ j j , all Supplies fro 

ing over Soldiers, Money, Ordnance, and other the King. 

Ammunition from beyond the Sea, to aflift the 
King againft the Parliament of England. By this 
Ordinance it was declared, That all Adventurers 
in this Enterprize fhould have and enjoy all Ships, 
Goods, Money, Plate, Arms, Ammunition, Vic- 
tuals, Pillage, and Spoil, which fhould be feized 
or taken, as their own proper Goods. 

Thus much for the Proceedings in November. 

So many and various are the Orders, Inftruc~ttons, 
Letters of Intelligence, &c. from different Parts of 
the Kingdom, all relating to War, and entered in 
the Journals of both Houfes, in the Beginning of 
December, that it would be tirefome to repeat them : 
We will not therefore trouble the Reader with any 
of them, but caft an Eye to fee what was doing 
without Doors at this Time ; and how the King's 
or Parliament's Power rofe, or fell, in different Parts 
of the Kingdom. 

After the late Rencounter at Brentford, the King The State of &< 
withdrew his Army over King/ion- Bridge to Oat- Kingdom at thia 
lands ; and from thence, by Colebrooke and Reading, Taas * 
to Oxford. 

At the fame Time the Earl of Newcaftle had 
aflbciated all the Counties North of Torkjhire, for 
the King ; on which Commiflions were fent down 
from the Parliament, to the Lord Fairfax and 
others, to affbciate the laft-named County with all 
the Midland Counties up to North-Wales. How- 
ever the Earl marched forward, with a gallant 
Army of Northumbrians , &c. towards York. At 
Pierjbridgf, a Pafs over the River Tees, he was op- 
pofed by a Party of Lord Fairfax's Horfe, com- 
a milii* C*ve**ijk. 

o The Parliamentary HISTORV 

An. S. Car. l.manded by Capt. Hotbam, whom the Earl difperfed, 
1642. j>nd marched ftreight to York ; where he published a 
1 - /"~ ' Declaration , fetting forth the Reafons for his ta- 
Deccn.ber. f or t ^ e King. 

The Parliament had alfo brought feveral Coun- 
ties, in the JVeJl of England, into an AfTociation ; 
and fome Matters are entered in the Journals, fof 
' the Encouragement of this Project. 

In the South the Event was various ; Farnbam 
Caftle, in the County of Surry, was taken by the 
High Sheriff, for the King ; which Sir William 'Wal- 
ler foon after retook for the Parliament. But this 
Lofs was amply made up by the King's Forces ta- 
king the Town of Marlborough by Storm, under 
the Command of Lord Digby, Lord Grandijon, Lord 
Wilmot, Lord IVentworth, &c. Co that now thtf 
Kingdom, tho' in the Depth of Winter, was in a 
Flame, from one End to the other of it. 

The miferable State of Inland, alfo, during thefe 
Combuftions, was really to be pitied ; both Parties 
in England\z\& the Blame on each other, for neglect- 
ing the Succours that were to be fent to that King- 
dona j but the true Reafons thereof, we think, will 
beft appear by the following Extracts from the Lords 
Journals of the gth of this Month. 

To the High and moft Honourable Court of 

The PETITION of Sir James Montgomery and 
Sir Hardrefs Waller^ Knights and Colonels, and 
of Colonel Arthur Hill and Colonel Dudley Mer- 
ulne^ in Behalf of themfelves and other Com- 
manders in his Majefty's Army in Ireland, 
Moft humbly flieweth, 

A Petition from7~^ C * ^ UT ^ etltloners ^ h particular Truft devolved 

fcverat officers from tonfiderabls Parts of the Army in Ireland, 

talreland, to the <2i/*, thefe 26 Weeks, attended for fome timely Succour 

Parliament. ^ bg Batched to that deplorable Kingdom ; and find- 

ing, to our unfpeakable Grief, that the Dijlraflions 

of this Kingdom afforded us very weak Hopes of any 

o See thii at L-ngth in Rvjbwr&i CtlltBitr.s, Vol. V. p. 78. 


fsmpetent Supplies : As we did, in a tender Refent-An. 18 Car. I. 
ment of the bleeding Condition thereof, petition the l6 4 a< 
High Court of Parliament^ fa, by Licence firjl ob- * 

tained from the Committee of Safety, out of the fame 
Senfe, in all Humility^ we addrefs'd ourfelves to bis 
Majefty, whofe gracious Anfwer we received in Wri- 
ting, and his Command to publijh the fame. 

May it therefore pleafe your Lordjhips, in Obedi- 
ence to his Majejiy's Commands, and out of a con- 
Jlant Inclination to obferve the Directions of this moft 
Honourable AJfembly, to grant us Leave to prefent to 
your Honours the Copy of our Petition to his Majejly^ 
his Majefty' s Anfwer to us, and alfo the bejl and only 
Remedies appearing unto us for the prefent Preferva- 
tion and future Being of that peri/hing Kingdom ; ac- 
cepting and humbly praying therein the further Refo- 
lutions and Directions of this High Court, in a Mat- 
ter of fo great Importance ; wherein God's Glory, the 
interwoven Safety of his Majejlys Dominions^ and fa 
much Proteftant Blood as yet unfpilt, are fo highly 
concerned; their Wants being fo prejfing, the Power of 
the Enemy daily increajing, and their Ruin, without 
prefent Relief, inevitable, conjlrain your Petitioners 
humbly to beg a fpeedy Anfwer, further Delays be- 
ing to them as dangerous as a Defertion ; and if fur- 
ther Satisfaction of the particular Condition of every 
Part of the Army, and of thofe diftrejfed Proteftants 
there, be defer ed, your Petitioners are ready to remon- 
Jlrate the fame. And, as in Duty bound, Jhall pray, &C. 

The Petitioners were called in, and prefented the 
faid Copy, which was read in hac Verba : 

To the KIN G'S Moft Excellent Majefty, 
The HUMBLE PETITION of Sir "James Montgo- 
mery and Sir Hardrefs, Knights and Co- 
lonels, Colonel Arthur Hill, and Colonel Audley 
Mervin, in Behalf of themfelves and others, Com- 
manders in his Majefty's Army in Ireland* 

May it pleafe your Sacred Majefty, 
JT/'E your Majeftys moft humble SubjecJs, being And to the King; 

intruded from conjiderable Parts of your Ma- 

jefifs Forces in the Kingdom of Ireland, to petition 

VOL. XII F your 

82 The Parliamentary HISTOKV 

An. 18. Car. l.your Majejly and your Parliament for Supplies ; and 
1642. finding that your Majejly had committed the Care 

'- "*" >} and Managing of that IVar to your Parliament here, 
1 cr * we addreJJ'ed ourfelves unto the fame ; whofe Senfe of 
our Miferies, and Inclination to redrefs them appeared 
very tender unto us ; but the prefent Diflempers of this 
your Majeftys Kingdom of England (to our unfpeak- 
able Grief) are grown fo great, that all future Paf- 
fages, by which Comfort and Life Jhould be conveyed 
unto that gafping Kingdom y feem totally to be objlrutted\ 
fo that* unlefs your gracious Majejly, out of your 
Jingular IVijdom and fatherly Care, apply fome fpeedy 
Remedy, we your diftrejjed and loyal Subjects of that 
Kingdom mufl inevitably perijb. 

Our Condition reprefents unto your Majejly the 
Eflate of all your faithful Proteflant Subjefls in Ire- 
land : The Influence of Princely Favour and Goodnefs 
Jo aflively dijlilled upon your Kingdom of Ireland, be- 
fore the Birth of this monflrous Rebellicn there, and 
fince the fame fo abundantly exprejjed in Characters 
of a deep Senfe, and lively Refentment of the bleed- 
ing Condition thereof, give us Hope, in this our de- 
plorable Extremity, to addrefs ourfelves unto your fa~ 
cred Thront ; humbly befeeching that it may pltafe your 
mojl gracious Majejly, emongft your other weighty 
Cares, to refleEl upon the bleeding Condition of that 
perijhing Kingdom, that timely Relief may be afford- 
ed j otherwife your loyal Subjefts there mujl yield their 
Fortunes a Prey, their Lives a Sacrifice, and their 
Religion a Scorn, to the mercilefs Rebels powerfully 

IVhilfl we live, we rejl in your Majefys Protec- 
tion ; if our Deaths are figned in that Caufe, we will 
die in your Obedience ; living and dying ever pray for 
your Majefly' s long and projperous Reign over us. 


Next was read his Majefty's Anfwer, dated at 
the Court of Oxford, the firft of December, 1 642. 

His Majejly hath exprcjly commanded me to give 
this Anfiuer to this Petition. 


Of E N G L A N D. 83 

c rT"^HAT his Majefty, fince the Beginning An. 18. Car. I, 
' A of tnat monftrous Rebellion, hath had no l6 4 z - 

4 greater Sorrow than for the bleeding; Condition of *""_. >4 ~, 

tr- i j L i_ L i Uecember. 

* that his Kingdom ; and as he hath always labour- 

4 ed that timely Relief might be afforded to the His Majefty' a 
' fame, and confented to all Propofitions (how dif- Anfwer to it. 
4 advantageous foever to himfelf) that have been 

* offered him for that Purpofe ; and not only at firft 

* recommended their Condition to both his Houfes 
4 of Parliament, and immediately, of his own meer 
' Motion, fent over feveral Commiflions, and caufed 

* fome Proportion of Arms and Ammunition (which 
4 the Petitioners well know to have been a great 
4 fupport to the Northern Parts of that Kingdom) 

* to be conveyed to them out of Scotland; and not 

* only offered to find iO,ooo Volunteers to undertake 
4 that War, but hath often fincepreft, by many feverai 

* Meffages, that fufficient Succours might be haften'd 
4 thither ; and other Matters of fmaller Importance 
4 laid by, which did divert it ; and offered, and moft 
4 really intended, in his own Royal Perfon, to have 
4 undergone the Danger of that War, for the De- 
4 fence of his good Subjects, and the Chaftifement 
4 of thofe perfidious and barbarous Rebels ; and, in 

* his feveral Expreflions of his Defires of Treaty and 
4 Peace, hath declared the prefent miferable Con- 
4 dition, and certain future Lofs, of Ireland, to be 
4 one of his principal Motives, moft earneftly to 
4 defire that the prefent Diffractions of that King- 
4 dom might be compofed, and that others would 
4 concur with him to the fame End : So his Ma- 
4 jefty is well pleafed that his Offers, Concurrence, 
4 Actions, and Expreflions are fo rightly underftood 
4 by the Petitioners and thofe who have employed 
4 them, notwithftanding the groundlefs and horrid 
4 Afperfions which have been caft upon him : But 
4 wifhes that, inftead of meer general Complaints 
4 (to which his Majefty can make no Return but of 
4 Compaffion) they could have digefted, and offered 
4 to him any fuch Defires, by confenting to which 
4 he might convey, at leaft in fome Degree, Com- 

F 2 fort 

84 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I.' fort and Life to that gafping Kingdom ; prefervc 

1642. t hj s diftreffed and loyal Subjects of the fame from 

*jr" v '~ ** ' inevitable perifliing, and the true Proteftant Re- 

m er> ' ligion from being fcorned and trampled on by thofe 

* mercilefs and idolatrous Rebels. 

' And if the Petitioners can yet think on any 

* fuch, and propofe them to his Majefty, he a/lures 

* them that, by his Readinefs to confent, and his 
Thanks to them for the Propofal, he will make it 

* appear to them, that their moft prefling perfonal 

* Sufferings cannot make them more defirous of 

* Relief, than his Care of the true Religion, and of 

* his faithful Subjects, and of that Duty which 

* obliges him, to his Power, to protect both, renders 

* him defirous to afford it to them. 


Laftly, were read the Remedies, which they of- 
fer'd for the Prefervation of that Kingdom. 

The HUMFLE CONCEPTIONS of Sir James Mont- 
gomery, &c. upon the Refult of their Petition to 
his Majefty, and his Anfwer to the fame. 

The Remedies TTPONour bumble Addnfs to his Majejly to petition 
proofed i for th c I/ f or ,/,, R e i; e f O f t k e Ceding Condition of Ire- 
of /r '^Jand, bis Majejly, after an-Expreflion of his tender 
Refentment of our Sufferings ^ gave us in Anfwer, That 
to fuch general Complaints his Majejly can make no Re- 
turn but in Companion ; and could ^viJh we had di- 
gejled fucb particular Defires, that he might have gi- 
ven his Royal AJfent to convey fome Comfort, tho 1 but 
in a weak Meafure, to the gafping Condition there- 
of : Wherefore, that we might not feem infcnfible of 
bis Majefty'i gracious Anfwer and free Propcfals 9 
we have entered into a me/} narrow Dijquifttion to 
make fome Overtures, by humble Defires, as may con- 
duce to the refloring the Glory of that Kingdom, and 
ftcure the interwoven Dependency of it with his Ma- 
jefly's other Dominions : And fence the Managing of 
tbtWarin that dijlrejfed Kingdom hath been committed 


Of E N G L A N D. 85- 

to the Vigilancy and Power of this mojl Honourable An. 18. Car. I. 
AJfembly, and we acknowledge your pious Inclinations 
in expr effing the fame j ye t, in all Humility to your 
fuperior Wifdoms, and in a deep Senfe of the immi- 
nent Ruin of that Kingdom, if not fpeedily prevent- 
ed, we offer thefe our Defer es ; which, if they receive 
your Approbation, we art mojl happy ; if, for Reafons 
of State, bejl known to yourselves, they are to be laid 
afide, then we beg it may be conjlrued as our Ztal, not 
our Prefumption. 

I ft, Since this Kingdom is the Fountain from whence 
the Streams of Safety mujt flow, and that the prefent 
Diflraflions have fo troubled the fame ; as we ear- 
neftly implore the throne of Grace both for yourf elves 
and us, fo we humbly offer thefe unto your grave Wif- 
doms, as the fubordinate Injlruments of a happy, blef- 
fed, and timely Accommodation here, in which the King 
and People may rejoice ; there being no other vifeblt 
IV ay to convey fuch per_fei Health unto that Kingdom^ 
but that it may otherwife immediately be fubjefl to & 
dangerous Relapfe. 

2dly, If this Kingdom mufl yet longer be diverted 
from that prosperous Peace, to which, to the Envy of 
other Nations, Jhe hath been fo fortunately wedded y 
we humbly defire that fuch competent Supplies of Mo- 
ney, Victuals, Cloaths, and Ammunition, may be time- 
ly transported to the Army there, without which there 
is not the lea/I Hopes of longer Subjiftence ; that fuch 
Protejlant Blood there yet unfpilt, and by your own 
Commands there employ ed t may be preserved; that fuch 
Garrifons, Sea-Ports, Forts, Artillery, and other f^ar~ 
like Provifions, may be fecured, untill compofed Times 
may afford fuch large Supplies, as may promife a Re- 
ducement of that Kingdom to their due Obedience. 

3dly, If neither of thefe can fuit zvith the prefent 
Conjlitution of thefe Times, we, in a bleeding Forefeght 
of our mi fer able dijlrejjed Condition, humbly defire (if 
a fatal Necejp.ty, for Prefervation of all that is dear 
to us and our Po/Jerity, enforce fuch hard and miferable 
Conditions upon us, as may prove inconvenient to that 9 
and, in the End, to this Kingdom) that you will be 
pleafed to allow them a favourable Cwjlruftion. 

F 3 Thus 

8 6 The Parliamentary H i s T o R y 

An, 18. Car. I. Thus labouring in thefe Straits, we addrefs ourfelves 
4 ^1 unto y ur a pP^oved Wifdoms for timely Directions in 
jfaembcr a Matter of fo great Concernment, 

Thefe Petitions and Remonftrances,from the Pro- 
teftants of Ireland, the Lords referred to a Commit- 
tee, as did alfo the Commons on their being prefent- 
ed unto them. The latter appointed a particular Day 
for talcing them into Confideration ; but we do not 
find any thing further done in this Affair by either 
Houfe, their own Fears and Diftra&ions being much 
nearer to them at this Time. 

Some Citizens of Two Petitions to Parliament being on Foot, at 
London complain the fame Time, in the City of London, but widely 
O . fanin f tcnded f e - different in the Contents of them, Mr. Shute appears 

tiUon for an Ac- i v ; r u /"> j ' I 

commodation, again in the journali of the Commons, declaring, 
That, with all Thankfulnefs, the Godly Party ac- 
knowledged the open Care of that Houfe to all their 
Defires : That they did fubjeft their Money and 
Lives, to the laft Drop of Blood in their Veins, to 
be difpofed of by Parliament : 

* But they defired to clear themfelves from an Im- 
putation caft upon them by the Malignants, that 
they petition againft Peace. This, he faid, was far 
from their Intentions; but their Defires were for an 
honourable and fecure Peace : That the Malignant 
Party went about to get Hands to a Petition to procure 
a Treaty, that the Enemy might gain Time to re- 
collect their broken Strength ; well knowing that they 
are fo, and that they want Powder and Ammunition. 1 
He then prefented a Copy of the adverfe Petition, 
which was read ; but, after returning Thanks to Mr. 
Shute and the reft of the Citizens, for this frefh Mark 
of their Efteem, the further Confideration of this 
Petition was deferred to another Time : And, a 
Day or two after, Mr. Shute, it feems, growing 
too bold in addrefling the Houfe, two of the Mem- 
bers were ordered to acquaint him, That the Com- 
mons refented fomeExpreflions ufed by him, and ad- 
monimedhim how to demean himfelf hereafter, when 
he came to give Information to them. 



Both Houfes of Parliament had been long jealous An. iS. Car. I, 
of their Neighbours the Dutch^ for fending Supplies 
of Men, Money, fcrV. to the King. And Mr. Strick- 
land) their Agent in Holland, had often prefented 
Memorials to the States on this Subject; when, in 
truth, the King had nothing from thence but what 
was bought up by the Sale of the Queen's Jewels, 
or her own Money, except what the Prince of 
Orange ) her Son-in-Law, fupplied : However the 
Parliament thought necefTary, at this Time, to 
draw up a Declaration, and fent it to Mr. Walter 
Strickland at the Hague^ to be by him prefented to 
the States, to prevent any Supplies coming to the 
King from that Quarter. The Form of which 
ftands thus in the Lords Journals of the I2th of this 
Month : 

' "\X 7"E the Lords and Commons in the Parlia-The Parli*. 
VV ment of England aflembled, did, with ment ' s 

* much Contentment and Satisfaaion, receive the^JS 

4 Anfwer of the High and Mighty Lords, the Lords felling Ammuni- 
c the States General of the United Provinces, to the t 

* Declaration prefented to them on our Behalf, by 

* Walter Strickland^ Efq; finding therein many lively 

* Exprefiions of their Affections to the Peace and 
' Profperity of this Kingdom, and a due Refent- 
4 ment of our Troubles, and of their Care and Re- 

* folution of hindering the Paflage of any Men, Mu- 
4 nition, or Arms, which might foment and increafe 

* the unhappy Differences and Combuftions, where- 
6 with this Nation is miferably diftra&ed and diftem- 
' pered ; which we gladly and thankfully received 
' as a Means of our prefent Safety, and a Help to- 
4 wards the fettling; a defired Peace betwixt his Ma- 
' jefty and his molt loyal Subjects, and a Founda- 

* tion of more near and beneficial Conjunction be- 
4 twixt this Kingdom and that State ; for Preferva- 

* tion of the Proteftant Religion, arid Relief of many 

* opprefled Princes and States, againft the commorj 

* Enemy, both theirs and ours : But this Hope and 

* Contentment hath been much impaired by the 

* frequent 

88 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 18. Car. I.' frequent Experiments we have had of the Tran- 

164*. i fportation of Men, Munition, and Arms, from 

*- v ^ ' thofe Parts which have been employed againft us ; 

December. < an( j man y undoubted Advertifements of the.con- 

' tinual Preparations and Endeavours of divers Trai- 

' tors and Fugitives of this Nation, now refiding 

* in the United Provinces, to procure great Quanti- 

* ties of Treafure and other Warlike Provifions to be 

* conveyed over from thofe Parts againft the Parlia- 

* ment and Subjects of this Kingdom ; and particu- 

* larly that Col. Goring, Capt. Byron, Sir Francis 
Mackwortb, Capt. Lloyd, Capt. Brett, and Capt. 

* Wyndbam, with divers Hundreds of Soldiers, being 

* in the Pay of that State, are either lately {hipped, 
or ready to embark, from fome of thofe Parts 

* belonging to the fame, for Newcajlle ; and to join 

* with the Army of Papifts and other ill -affected 

* Perlbns, raifed in the North Parts of this King- 

* dom, againft the Parliament, and for the Subver-. 

* fion of the Proteftant Religion here ; which hath 

* exceedingly encouraged that Party, and confirmed 

* his Majelty in adhering to thofe evil Counfellors, 
who have been the Authors of the public Troubles 

* and Miferies of this Kingdom, and the rejecting 

* the many humble Petitions that he would be plea- 
fed, according to the Laws of the Kingdom, to 

* return to his Parliament ; and, by their Counfel 
< and Advice, to fecure our Religion and the Laws 

* againft the wicked Plots and Defigns, which have 

* long been, and ftill are, in Agitation for the Sub- 

* veruon of both ; in doing whereof we have offered, 
and are ftill ready, to fecure his Majefty's Perfon, 

* Honour and Eftate, in any Manner which may 

* be expected from true Chriftians and loyal Sub- 

* jects ; and which we folemnly profefs, in the Pre- 
fence of Almighty God, to be our real Intention 
' and hearty Defires to perform ; and that whatfo- 

* ever is pretended and publifhed to the contrary, 
as if we had admitted any Defign, or exprefied 
' any Endeavours, to the Hurt of his Perfon, or 
c Prejudice of his Sovereignty, proceeds from the 



* falfe and malicious Scandals of fuch as are Enemies An. 18. Car. I. 
to the Public Peace : 

Wherefore we entreat that wife and prudent V J^JJ^ J 
c State to fulfill thofe Promifes and Declarations, 
c which they have made to us, of reftraining and 

* prohibiting the Tranfportation of Men, Arms, 
' Money, or any Warlike Provifions againit us ; 

* and that they will enquire into the Faults and 
6 Neglects of thofe Officers, who have fuffered fo 

* many Breaches and Violations thereof; that they 
' will be pleafed, with all juft Favour, to admit of 
e fuch Complaints and Informations as lhall be made 
' unto them, by Mr. Strickland, in that Behalf; 
' and that they will look upon this not only as a Mat- 
4 ter of Civil Refpect to this Houfe, but as that which 
' concerns the Honour of God, the Defence of Re- 
ligion, and their own Safety and Liberty ; who, 
' if we be ruined, will not only be deprived of art 
' affectionate and ufeful Alliance, but inviron'd with 
e fuch Enemies as, by the fame Rules and Princi- 
4 pies by which they have been active to feek our 

* Ruin, will be carried on to all Kind of Practices 
and Endeavours to ruin them.' 

The Hiftory of this Inteftine War will be beft 
known by the Letters of Intelligence, which were 
fent to the Parliament, from different Parts of the 
Kingdom ; and though they may perhaps, fome- 
times, exaggerate their own Victories, and other 
Advantages gained over the King's Forces ; yet, at 
the fame Time, as thefe Letters lay open their own 
Wants and Neceffities, the inferting them, in their 
proper Order of Time, will not only illuftrate feve- 
ral Paffages in the Courfe of this Work, but open 
many Scenes of Importance, hitherto concealed from 
the Public. We lhall begin with a Letter from De- 
vonjhire, which was, on the I3th of this Month, 
prefented to the Houfe of Lords, by the Commons, 
at a Conference ; and is entered in the Journals of 
the former only. It was addreffed to the Lords, and 
others, of the Committee for the Safety of the 
Kingdom, at Weftmlnjlcr. 


90 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. Right Honourable, 

^ y _f .ACcording to our Duty, and Truft repofed in us, we 

December. ^ have ufed our left Endeavours for the Preferva- 

tlon of this County ; and although little Affijlance hath 

A Letter itombeen afforded us by the People here, to what we ex- 

Dmonjhire, gi- pefted, yet God, that never fails thofe that go on in 

clothe Sute U of *" Wa 3* OTld "A U P 0tl hh P Wr Qnd . Goodne f s * hath 

Affairs in the ft bleffed us now in this Time of Straits, that he hath 
Weft oi England, done great Things for us by fmall Means : To him 
therefore be the Glory and the Praife. 

Upon Tuefday the zqth of November, Captain 
Thompfon and Captain Pymme, by Command of Co- 
lonel Ruthen, went to Plimpton, to keep that Town, 
with their Troops, and about 70 Dragooners and 
200 Foot, if they faw it might have been kept with- 
out great Hazard j but, the next Day, hearing the 
Enemies were marching from Taviftock, with (as 
was related to us) 3000 Horfe and Foot, and eight 
Pieces of Ordnance ; and finding the Town of Plimp- 
ton not to be kept without as great a Force as Jhould 
come againft it, by reafon the Town lies fo fcattering, 
and feveral Villages fo near it ; and fo, left the Enemy 
Jhould come between them and Plymouth, they drew 
forth towards the Enemy \ but, Night coming on, they 
could not come to give them Charge, without Hazard 
and Damage one of another in the Dark ; they then 
went to Plymouth. 

The Day after, being Thurfday, ^Colonel Ruthen, 
tvitb four Troops of Horfe and the aforefaid Dra- 

gooners, went to Plimpton to view the Town, and to 
fee the Motion of the Enemy ; and, finding the Town 
as was related to him, he then drew towards Plymouth, 
andjlood upon the Lary for the Space of three Hours ; 
forcing the Enemy, who attempted one Charge to have 
drawn us to their Ambufcades, to fly prefently ; and 
durfl not (with all their Force, which we judge was 
at lea ft 2500 Horfe and Foot then left, for many ran 
away the Night before) give us a Charge upon fair 
Ground ; but that Night they went to Plimpton, where 
they continued till Wednefday the "tb of this prefent 


Of ENGLAND. 9 i 

Colonel Ruthen, with the aforefaid four Troops of An. 18, Car. I. 
Horfe and about 100 Dragooners, about Three of the t l642 ' 
dock in the Morning, marched from Plymouth over 7T v ~ 
Rubart Downs, being a Eye-way to Modbury ; where 
were gathered together, by the Sheriff's Commands^ 
3 or 4000 Men, fame with Arms, and fame tvithout j 
and we came jo privately that they did not discover us 
untill we luere within a Mile of the Town ; which 
did fo amaze them, that after Sir Ralph Hopton 
drew up all the Men he could prefently get, he, with 
Sir Nicholas Slanning, ran away and efcaped ; and 
after a fmall Skirmijh with thofe that flood to it, with 
the Lojs of one Man and two hurt, and three or four 
Horfes y we took Prifoners, the Sheriff" Sir Edmund 
Fortefcue, and his Brother ; Sir Edward Seymour, 
Knight of the Shire for Devonshire, and his Son 
Mr. Baflet, Capt. Pomeroy, Capt. Wood, Capt. 
Penrofe, Lieut. Barns 0/Exon, and many others. 

From thence we marched that Day, a long March 
of fixteen Hours on Horfeback, with our Prifoners 9 
to Dartmouth, to the Gladding of the Hearts of the 
good People there ; for, while we were upon our March 
towards Modbury, one Mr. Thomas Leigh was in 
Treaty with Sir Ralph Hopton, about the Delivery 
up of the Town, as we were informed ; and, by his own 
Confejfion fmce t he had got a Warrant to free his 
Houfe from Plundering ; this Mr. Leigh we have 
alfo taken^ and, with the reft of the Prifoners, have 
fent to Plymouth, this Morning, in a Frigate called 
the Crefcent, by one Capt. Plunket. 

We ran a great Hazard in this Service, as your 
Honours may judge, for the Enemy lay on both Sides 
with all their Forces ; Part at Plimpton and Part at 
Totnefs : But the Lord carried us along in our IJ^ay^ 
and delivered the Enemies of his Truth and of our Li- 
berties, into our Hands, and made many more to fly 
before us: The Prifoners Colonel Ruthen hath ordered 
to be fent from Plymouth, with the firft fair l^ind, 
to London ; and we now lie here, expeSling fame 
Force from Exon to join with us ; and, if we can 
have but loco Dragooners^ we hope to do the Enemy 
yiuch Damage* 


92 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 1 8. Car. I. We hear* this Day, that fmce our Coming hither 
* 6 4* th e Enemy is advanced with the great eft Part of their 
December^ F rce to Totnefs ; what are left at Plimpton we 
know not. Iffpeedy Supply comes not of Men, Money , 
and Arms, we fear they will plunder mojl of the good 
Towns in this County ; and what it may grow to, if 
God doth not mightily work for us, we know not. 
Your Honours know of what great Concernment the 
Keeping of this County is, and ^ve doubt not but the 
great Need of AJJifrance will be fufficient to move 
your Honours to take into Confederation the Premifes ; 
which that your Honours would bepleafedto do, is the 
bumble Petition of 

Your obedient Servants, 


Dartmouth, December 9, ALEXANDER PYMME. 



At the foregoing Conference the Lords were in- 
formed, That, upon Occafion of this Letter, the 
Commons hadpafled thefe Votes following, wherein 
Mr. Hollei ap-they defired their Lordfhips Concurrence : 
pointed Com. j That MIY //// be defired to command the 

mander of thole -. . , TT r , -, /->i r 

Parts in Chic/. Forces in the Wejtern Parts in Chief. 

2. * That the Lord-General be defired to grant 
aCommiflion to Mr. Holies accordingly. 

3. * That a Committee of Lords and Commons 
may recommend to the City the State of the Weft- 
ern Counties, and earneftly move them, in regard 
of the Importance of thofe Counties, to aflift the 
fetting forth of a confiderable Strength to be fent 
into thofe Parts ; that the Letter from Dartmouth 
be communicated to the City of London ; and that 
thofe Committees of both Houfes may be a Hand- 
ing Committee, to take Care of the Furtherance 
and Sending away fuch Supplies as are refolved to be 

The Lords agreed to all thefe Votes, and the fol- 
lowing Peers were appointed to be Committees to 



join with a proportionable Number of the Houfe of An. 18. Car. I. 
Commons, viz. the Earls of Pembroke and Baling- 
broke t the Lord Vifcount Say and Se/e, the Lords 
Grey de Werk, Brooke and Wharton. 

Nothing further occurs worth our Notice till 
December 1 6. When a Meflage came from theThe Parliament 
Lord -General, with a Relation that the Parliament's J^^JJ * 
Forces had taken the Caftle and City of Winchefter^fa the taking of 
with the Lord Grandifon and 24 other Commanders Wintbeftr* 
Prifoners, 700 Soldiers, 600 Horfe, and 600 Arms, 
with theLofs of a few Men only. For which Victory 
the Lord-General intended to give public Thanks 
to God, the next Lord's Day, at l&indfor^ for this 
great Succefs without Lofs of Blood. His Lord- 
Ihip defined the Lords would give Order that a 
public Thankfgiving might be obferved, the fame 
Day, in London and Wejlminfter. On which the 
Houfe ordered, That the Lord Mayor bedefired to 
caufe public Thanks to be given within the faid 
City and Liberties ; the Juftices of Peace for Weft- 
minjler and Middlefex were alfo ordered to do the 
fame, and every where to exprefs their Joy, by 
ringing of Bells, &c. for this Victory. 

At the fame Time a Letter from Lord Fairfax, 
was read, giving a very particular Account of the 
State of Affairs in the Northern Counties ; which we 
(hall give at Length, as well as all other Matters of 
Intelligence fent up to Parliament. It was addrefs'd 
to the Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tempore. 

May it pleafe your Lordfhip, 

T TP O N Saturday lajl I received a Declaration Lord Fairfax" t 
^ of Parliament , with a CommiJJion from his Ex- Account of the 

tettency the Earl of Eflex, to command in Chief over*?* $*'?"" 

t r> / F VT t / f> " tbern Counties, 

the forces of the North, and other adjacent Counties ; 

which great Honour and Truft, far above my Ambi- 
tion or Merit, by your Lordjhips conferred on me, I 
Jhall exercife with all Care and Fidelity ; not doubt- 
ing but that your Lordjhips will enable me therein, 
ivithfuch other Supplies as the NeceJJity of the Service 
Jbatt require, and that reprefintsdfrm hence. 

94 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. The State of Affairs in tbefe Parts, fence my lajt 
1641. Difpatch of the fir/I of this Month, /lands in this 
* -v ' Manner : The Earl of Newcaftle is come to York, 
December, and joined his Forces to the a//0/Cumberlaml, ma 
ting in a/I, as 1 am informed, about 8000 Men, 
Horfe and Foot i of which there is about 200O,fJotfg 
and Dragooners ; a Strength far too potent to be re- 
ftfted by the fmall Power i&bich I have here, where- 
of I fend a Lift inch Jed : Our Strength was once 
ejlimatedby ourfehes far greater than now it appears ; 
for upon the Earl of Newcaftle'j coming over the 
Tees, Sir Edward Loftus with all the Richmond - 
fhire Men, and Sir Henry Anderfon with all the 
Cleveland Men and the reft of the North -Riding, 
which were ejlimated at I OOO Men, did all return 
to their own Houfes, fave about 1 30 Men brought 
hither by Sir Matthew Boynton, fame other Gentle- 
men^ and one Troop of Horfe raifed by Sir Henry 
Foulis, and about forty Horfe more brought hither by 
Capt. Anderfon. Btfidei this Defett, our Numbers 
are decreased by Sir Hugh Cholmley, to whom I 
have fent divers Orders to march North ward, to join 
with Capt Hotham and the reft, in refifting the 
Earl of Newcaftle'j Entry, before he came into 
Yorkftiire ; and fince his Entry, to come to me and. 
the rejl of the Army at Tadcafter, but he found juch 
Impediments as he could do neither j and now I hear 
be is gone to Scarbrough, and taken his Forces with 
lim, which were about 700 Men ; Col. Boynton, 
whofe Regiment confijled of 800 Foot, is likeiuife 
marched towards Hull, although I fent him divers 
Orders to march up hither to ajjift the Forces at Tad- 
cafter, giving me neither Re a fan of his not coming to 
me t nor of his March towards Hull. 7 underJJood 
that Sir John Cell had raifed 800 Men in Derby- 
fhire, and fent unto him to march hither to our Suc- 
our ; but I have received an Anfwer from him, that 
lie is not able yet to Jlir from thence : From Sir An- 
thony Irby, nor the Lincolnfhire Men, 1 hear no- 
thing, though I have fent to them exprefs Mfffengers : 
So our whole Strength here (upon Return of the former 
fent into the North j confifling iff twenty- ant Companies 

Of E N G L A N D. 95 

of Foot, and feven Troops of Horfe, and one Com- An. 18. Car. I, 
pany of Dragooners, we did fend, of them, two Com- 1642. 
panics of Foot to fecure Selby, and one Company to * ' v -*, 
fecure Cawood Cajlle ; and quartered the reft, part Dceembcr * 
of them at Wetherby, under Command of Capt. Ho- 
tham, whom I have nominated to be Lieutenant-Ge- 
neral of the Army, and the reft at Tadcafter, under 
my own Command. 

Upon Tuefday receiving Intelligence that the Earl 
0/"Newcaftle, with his whole Forces, intended to fall 
upsn our Quarter at Tadcafter, / fent to Capt. Ho- 
tham, to bring up the Forces at Wetherby ; which 
being done, and the Earl of Newcaftle'j Army come 
in Sight, we drew our Men into the uttermojl Part 
of our Quarter, where we had raifed fame Breaft- 
IVorks for our Mufqueteers : There the Fight began 
about Eleven of the Clock , and fo continued, injharp 
Difpute, untill about Four of the Clock in the Even- 
ing ; in which Time there was at leajl 40,000 Muf- 
quet-Shot discharged on both Sides, and great Numbers 
of Canon- Shot. 

The Enemy had once won Part of the Town and 
beaten our Men, and placed fame of their Companies 
in two or three Houfes, which did much endanger us j 
but in the End our Men, with great Courage* forced 
them out again, recovered and burnt the Houfes, and, 
killed many of the Enemy's Men that were there pla- 
ced ; and, in Conclujion, forced the whole Army to re- 
treat, leaving very many of their Men dead, and very 
great Numbers wounded : The certain Numbers, nor 
Dualities of the Perfons we could not take, but it is 
generally /aid by the Country People that there were at 
leajl one hundred found killed and burnt, and we 
took feventeen Prisoners in the Fight : On our Part 
we loft fix Men, and Capt. William Lifter, a vali- 
ant and gallant Gentleman, who was /hot with a Muf- 
quet Bullet in the Head ; we had about twenty more 
wounded, but loft not one Prifoner in the Battle ; thif 
divers of our Men, being negligent of their Duty,Jlay- 
ed behind us when we quitted the Quarter ; and fo 
were taken there by the Enemy, the next Day, and 
made Prifoner s. In this Fight our Men bthaved them- 


96 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. l.felves with very great Refolution, far beyond Expefta- 
1642. tion, in fo much, as I conceive, we might have main- 
~ tained the Place ftill, if we had been furnijhed with 
p ow ^ er an d Shot ; but having fpent in a Manner all our 
whole Store of Bullet , Match, and Powder, I advi- 
fed with the Commanders, and, by general Confent, it 
was thought Jit to rife with our Forces, and to march to 
Cawood and Selby, to fecure thofe Places ; and there 
to receive Supplies of Ammunition and Men : This 
was accordingly done, and now I am at Selby with 
Part of the Army, and the rejl with Capt. Hotham, 
at Cawood. 

Ye/ierday I fent my Son, Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
with Jive Companies of Foot, and two Troops of Horfe 
to Leeds ; intending he /hould continue there to fecure 
that Place, and the other Clothing Towns, againft the 
Earl of Newcaftle'j Forces, if it were poffible ; but 
the Enemy's Forces were laid fojirong in the Way, as 
te could nut fafs, fo he only beat up a Quarter of the 
Enemies in a fmall Village, took five Prifoners, and 
retreated to Selby. 

This Letter was ordered, by both Houfes, to be 
printed : And it is highly probable that no more of 
it was then thought proper to be laid before the Pub- 
lic, becaufe in Rujhworth's Collections all the follow- 
ing Paragraphs are left out, but are here fupplied 
from the Lords Journals. 

Thus, my Lord, I have briefly reprefented the Con- 
dition of the Army at prefent ; which, 1 muft confefs, 
I fear will very fuddenly grow worfe, if not utterly 
Iroken up ; and that efpecially for want of Money, I 
having not above a Week's Pay provided before-hand, 
and no vifible Means left to raife Maintenance for 
them, unlefs I Jhould give the Soldiers free Quarters 
upon the Country : A Cure, in my Conceit, as dange- 
rous as the Difeafe, and peradventure not pojftble fa 
be effected if the Enemy be Jlill Majlers of the Field, 
and cut off" our Men as they go abroad to levy Sufe- 
nance ; which they may do, and yet not able to beat up 
our Quarters. 

ty ENGLAND. 97 

/ have hitherto fupported this Army by the Loans An. 18. Car. I. 
and Contributions, for tht moji Part, of the Pari/hts **** 
of Leeds, Halifax, and Bradford, and fame of the December. 
fmall Cloathing Towns adjacent ; being the only well- 
affected People in the Country; who, I much fear, may 
fuffer by this Popijh Army of the North, meerly for 
their good Affection to Religion and the Public Liberty. 
Of the rejt of the Country I was not able to draw any 
confiderable Help, the Enemy having Garrifons in Jo 
many Places, who threaten to ruin any that Jhould 
ajft/l the Parliament and their Caufe with Money , or 
other Helps. 

My Lord, in Sum, the State of the Country is thus : 
The Enemy is mighty, and Majler of the Field, plen- 
tifully fupplied from his Majejly, and the Popijh and 
Malignant Party, with Monies and all other Necef- 
faries. The -well- offered Party, as now it is divided, 
not confiderable ; the'-Aid from Lincolnshire, Derby- 
fhire, and other Counties, very uncertain ; the Want 
of Money here fuch as will force us to dijband within 
ten Days. If the Enemy become once abfolute Majler s 
6f Yorkshire, they will force Contributions and Suc- 
cours from the Country, which will raife a very for- 
midable Army, and put the whole Caufe in Peril, if 
God do not miraculotijly defend it. 

I befeech their Lordjhips ferioujly to conjider of it, 
and fend fuch fpeedy Supplies of Men and Money, a: 
may enable me to go forward in the Service j which I 
/hall not fail to do with a conjlant Fidelity. 

Their Lord/hips have, heretofore, ajjigned 20OO /. 
for our Succour ; but the moft Part tf it is Jiill at 
London, where it lies for want of Exchange or Con- 
voy : And therefore what /hall now be fent muji come 
either by fufficient Convoy of Forces by Land, or elft 
by Sea to Hull, and fo hither to me. The Scots Of- 
ficers came hither Tejterday ; but now we are fo (Ira li- 
ned that we have no Men to refort to us to put under 
their Command, nor have we any Money to pay them. 

The further Relation of thefe Affairs I leave to 
Capt. Hatcher, who follows thefe Letters purpofely to 
give true Relation to the Houfe of thefe Affairs ; he 
hath been an Eye-Witncfs to moft of the Paffages in 

VOL. XII. G this 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 
f rom the fi r ft f rai f ln s 

^ bis farther ExpreJJlon tjbatt leave it, with this Addl- 
December. *' on on ^t That if the Country or Caufe fuffer, their 
Lordjhips will difcern, by this Relation, in whom the 
Fault hath been, and impute it accordingly ; for no- 
thing hath been omitted, pojjible to be ejfefted, by 
Your Lordfhip's moft faithful 
Dated Decanter TO, an( j humble Servant, 

1642, from Seley. 


Some Votes were alfo fent up, this Day, from the 
Commons, and agreed to by the Lords ; amongft 
which was one for fecuring all Popifh Lords, and 
others of Quality, within the Cities of London, JVeJl- 
minjler, and Southward; and for effectually and 
fpeedily fequeftring their Eftates, Offices, iff. to- 
wards the Advancement of Money for the Army. 

Another, That the Earl of Warwick, and other 
Commiffioners of the Admiralty, fliould take Care 
to fend fome Ships to ride upon the Northern Coafts, 
to prevent the Arrival of any Forces or Ammuni- 
tion from Holland or elfewhere ; the Parliament 
having then received frefh Intelligence of fuch be- 
ing ready to embark from thofe Parts. 

It was ordered, alfo, That if any Colonel, Cap- 
tain, or other Officers of Scotland, fliould bring into 
'England any Forces of Horfe or Foot, by Contrail 
of their Agents there, to oppofe the Army of Pa- 
pifts and their Adherents now raifed, they fhould 
be entertained. 

December 17. There had been fome Time can- 
vaffing, in both Houfes, certain Articles, as Pro- 
pofitions for a Peace, to be prefented to the King ; 
and, this Day, the remaining Part of them was de- 
bated in the Houfe of Lords ; but the farther Con- 
federation thereof deferred to the igth. 

Some Prifoners having been taken at Brentford, 
Marlborougb, and elfewhere, the King now refol- 
ved to proceed agajnft them in a legal Way, for 


Of E N G L A N D. 99 

High Treafon. The famous Col. John Lilburnt*' 18. Car. I. 
was one of the firft brought to the Bar, at Oxford, ^J '' 
before Judge Heath; and was indicted for adhial 5^22^;' 
levying War againft the King, by the Name of 
John Lilburn, Yeoman. He demurred to this 
Indiament, on account of his being a Gentleman, CoLIifli f fifr. 

T- -i i. T-/i- -I r r\ 7 having been con- 

of an antient Family in the Bifhopnclc of Durham ; ,& ^Oxford, 
the Record being therefore amended, he pleaded, for High Trea- 
That what he did was in his own Defence, and by fon > 
Command of Parliament ; and that he never had, 
nor ever would bear Arms againft the King, &c. 
He and others were found guilty ; but, to prevent 
the Execution of them, the Parliament threatened 
the Lex Talionisj and publiflied a Declaration in 
this Form: 

' TT T 
* V V 

Hereas Information hath been given to TO prevent their 
tne Lords and Commons aflembled in Execution the 

Parliament, That Clifton Cate/by, John 

' and Robert Fivers , Captains in the Army, 

' by Authority of both Houfes of Parliament, for the 

* necefTary Defence of the true Proteftant Religion, 

* the King, Parliament, and Kingdom, under the 
Command of Robert Earl of EJftx, Captain-Ge- 

* neral thereof, were taken Prifoners by the Forces 

* raifed againft the Parliament, in executing their 
' feveral Duties and Services, according to the Or- 
' dinances of both the faid Houfes, and after carried 

* Prifoners to Oxford Gozl; and, having been moft 

* barbaroufly ufed, are now queftioned and proceed- 

* ed againft by way of Indidment, before Sir Ro- 
' bert Heath, Knight, one of his Majefty's Jufti- 

* ces of the King's Bench, and others, by Colour 
' of fome Commiffion or other Authority from his 

* Majefty, for High Treafon and other fuppofed 
' Mifdemeanors ; whereas many have been taken 

* Prifoners by the Parliament's Forces, in the Adi of 

* War againft the Parliament ; which, by the Laws 

* and Statutes of this Realm, is Rebellion and High 

* Treafon againft the King and Kingdom, and the 
' Actors therein Traitors ; and yet none of. them 

G 2 hath 

loo The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 18. Car. I.* hath hitherto been put to Death, 'or otherwife 
164*. < feverely dealt with by the Parliament: 

' h is therefore ordered and declared by the faid 

* Lords and Commons, That all fuch Indictments 

* and other Proceedings againft the faid Capt. Catef- 
' by, Capt. Lilburn, and Capt. Fivers, or againft 
' Capt. Wmgate, who have done faithful and good 
8 Service to the Commonwealth ; or againft any 

* other Perfon, or Perfons, who have done, or (hall 

* do, Service in the faid Army ; or for the Raiting 
' of any Money, Plate, Horfe, or Arms, for the 
' Maintenance thereof; or otherwife in Execution 
' of, or Purfuance of, an Order or Ordinance cf both 
' or either of the faid Houfes of Parliament, for the 
' Defence of the Public Safety, are unjuft and ille- 
' gal ; and the faid Sir Robert Heath, and all other 
' Commiflioners, Juftices, Sheriffs, Jurors, and 

* other Officers and Minifters of Juftice, and other 
' Perfons whatfoever, are hereby required and in- 

* joined to furceafe any further Proceeding againft 

* the faid Perfons before-named, or any other, for 
' any the Caufes aforefaid, upon the faid Indicl- 

* ments or otherwife. 

* And the faid Lords and Commons do further 

* declare, That if the faid Perfons before- named, or 
< any of them, or any other, {hall be put to Death, 
c or other Hurt or Violence offered to their or any 

* of their Perfons, for, or by reafon of, any fuch 
' Service done, or to be done, by, or according to 

* any Order or Ordinance of both or either the faid 
Houfes, the like Punifhment fhall be infliaed by 

* Death, or otherwife, upon fuch Prifoners as have 

* been, or fhall be, taken by the Forces raifed by 

* Authority of both Houfes of Parliament ; and if 

* the faid Sir Robert Heath, or any other Com- 
' miffioner, Juftice, Sheriff, Juror, or other Of- 
' ficer, or Minifterof Juftice, or other Perfon, {hall do 
c contrary to this Ordinance in any the Prcmifies, 
' they and every of them for fo doing fhall be 

* proceeded againft, and dealt with, as Enemies to 

* the King and Kingdom.' 


Of E N G L A N D. 101 

December 19. The Lords went again on the An. 18. Car. I 
Propofitions for Peace, and a great Debate enfued 
thereupon. The third Article, concerning Delin- 
quents, was read, and put to the Queftion, Whether 
the Houfe {hall make this Propofition to the King, 
That All which are impeached by the Houfe of 
Commons, at this Time, fhall be left to take their 
Trial by Parliament? Itpafled in the Negative. 

On the fame Day the City of London, by an 
Order of Common Council, prefemed a Petition 
to the Houfe of Lords and Commons, in which 
was inclofed another to his Majefty ; which, after 
their Approbation, they defined might be conveved 
to him. At the fame Time was prefented another 
Petition from many Citizens and Inhabitants of that 
City. Both thefe were for Peace and a fpeedy 
Agreement: Upon the former the Houfe of Com- 
mons pafled two Votes, to which the Lords con- 
iented , declaring their great Approbation thereof, and 
that it was fit this Petition to the King {hould be pre- 
fented to him. The other met with a quite differ- 
ent Reception. From the Fate of thefe two Peti- 
tions the Reader will be enabled to form a Judgment 
of the Temper and Difpolition of the Parliament. 
Neither of them are mentioned in the Collections of 
the Times ; but we meet with a Copy of the latter 
in the Lords Journals. 

To the Right Honourable the Lords and Commons 
aflembled in Parliament, 

The HUMBLE PETITION of divers Citizens, 
Inhabitants of the City of London and Liberties 
thereof, with the Inhabitants of the Borough of 
Southwark and Places adjacent, 


CT'H AT the prefent Senfe of our Miferies, and the A. Petition from 
*- Apprehenfton of the inevitable Ruin both, of /^feveral Citizens 
Church and Commonwealth^ make us become Suit on S, , , " t0 / e 
to this Honourable Affembly, the likeliefl Means, under peace; 
God, for our Relief; to confider our diftrejfed Eftate^ 
and provide a fpeedy Remedy for our prejent and fu- 
G 3 ture 

102 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

i. if. Car. I. ture Evils -, earnejlly to defire you to weigh the Care 
and Judgment of your Predecejfors ; who, by a known 
Law, Jettled and preferred our Protejiant Religion, 
our Liberties and Properties, with a right Underjiand- 
ing between King and SubjecJ, which produced Peace 
and Plenty in our Ejlates ; and to reflect, with Je- 
rious Thoughts, upon our prefent Diftempers, viola- 
ting Religion by Papi/ts and Seffanes, engaging our 
Nation in a civil and deflruSliv^e War, invading our 
Laws and Liberties, endangering all our Lives, and 
utterly difabliitg us to relieve our dijlrejfed Brethren 
in Ireland. 

We befeecb you Hkewife to confider the Effetts of a 
Civil War, as the DeJlruElion of Chrijiians, and the 
unnatural Effufion of Blood ; Fathers again/I Sons ; 
Brothers by Brothers, Friends by Friends, /lain ; 
then Famine and Sicknefs, the Followers of a conti- 
nued War, making Way for a general Confufion and 
Invafeon by a foreign Nation ; whilft our Treafure is 
exhaujled, our Trade loft, and the Kingdom difpeopled : 
Tbefe Things, weighed and enlarged by your Wijdoms, 
we doubt not will be as ftrong a Motive in you to labour, 
as in us to defire, a fpeedy Peace and happy Accommo- 

JPTierefore we humbly crave that, not lending Ear 
to any the Fomenters of the prefent War, under 
what Pretence foever ; or remembering ought 
that may increaje Jealoufies or continue I)ivifions 
between his Majejly and the Houfes of Parlia- 
ment ; you will tender his Majejly, according to 
bis Royal Intimations, fuch Prspojitions f;r Ac- 
commodation as he may, with Honour and Safety 
to the whole Kingdom, accept ; for the effecting 
whereof wejhall be ready to ajfift you with the 
left and utmojl of our Abilities ; and, whil/1 you 
endeavour for Peace, we Jkall fend up our 
Prayers to Heaven for the BleJJing of Peace up~ 
en you and all that defire it. 

The Petitioners withdrew, and the Houfe took 
into Confideration what Anfwer to give to their 
Petition 3 and, after Debate, the Gentleman- Ufher 

Of E N G L A N D. 103 

was commanded to let thofe that brought this Peti- An. 18. Car. I. 
tion know, That their Lordfliips have received a l6 4* 
Complaint againft this Petition from the Houfe of v " "v J 
Commons, and will'take the fame into Confidera- ecember 
tion : And a Committee was appointed to confider wh ich y. 
of, and to take Examinations about, the managing ce i ve d by them, 
and procuring of this Petition. 

The Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common And protefted 
Council of the City, upon prefenting their own Pe- againft by the 
tition to the Commons, protefted againft this latter, L rdMa y r p^ 
faying, They had damned it by a public Aft ; and 
did defire that when hereafter any Petition came to 
Parliament, in the Name of the City of London^ 
and was not attefted by the Hand of the Town- 
Clerk, it might be rejected, and not efteemed as a 
Petition from their City. 

Dec. 20. Although a Vote had pa/Ted the Day 
before concerning Delinquents, That they were not 
All to be included in their defigned Propofitions to 
the King for Peace, the Houfe of Commons had got 
that Order, in fome Meafure, over-ruled : For tho* 
a Committee of Lords had been appointed to confi- 
der of the naming of fuch Delinquents as were to 
be excepted out of their A& of Grace, who this Day 
brought in their Opinion, That thofe only who had The Lords re- 
been impeached before the firftof Januaryh^^ fhould folve to except 

be proceeded againft in Parliament ; yet the Lord ^Delinquents 
T-,- / -II L i i i i i ' i " om Tn: " by 

Digby, particularly, though he had been impeach- parliament, 

ed fmce that Time, was left to the Judgment of 

Then the Committee proceeded to name fuch 
Perfons as were fit to be removed from the King ; 
as, the Marquis of Hertford to lofe his Office about 
the Prince ; the Earl of Hrijlol, the Lord Herbert 
of Ragland, (eldeft Son of the Earl of IVorcefter} 
Mr. Piercy^ Mr. Jermyn, and Mr. IViimot^ to be 
removed from Court. And, as the "Journal fays, 
after a long Debate, the following Queftion was 
put : ' Thofe that are of Opinion to agree with the 
Committee, That, at this Time, fuch as the Com- 
mittee have named to be impeached by the Houfe 


104 2fo Parliamentary &ISTORV 

An. iS. Car. I. of Commons, (hould be left to the Trial of Pariia- 

1641. merit, omitting the reft of thofe which are impeach- 

^- v ' ed, fay Content ; and it palled affirmatively.' On 

December. w h; cn the following Lords entered their Diffent ; 

and, after repeating the two laft Queftions of Ye- 

fterday and To-day, carried againft them, they 

proceeded to fay, 

AFroteftenterM' T T 7"E, whofe Names are fubfcribed, do conceive 

thereupon, < yy that the Demanding, by this Houfe, of 

' fome to be left to Juftice, and leaving out of others, 

who are under the like Impeachment of High 

Treafon, and have been, by Force of Arms, pro- 

< teemed from being brought to a Trial in the higheil 
' Court of Judicature, is an Example of very ill Con- 

* fequence : Becaufe we conceive that it is not pro- 
' per for this Houfe to move the Houfe of Com- 

* mons, in the Stopping of their Proceedings upon 
' Impeachments ; and that it doth not only give 

* Encouragement to a King to attempt the like Stop- 
page of Juftice by Force, and, from this Piece- 
' dent, to ftand upon the Protecting of Perfons im- 

4 peached j but to Subjects alfo, who may be in* 
duced to undertake any Thing in Hopes of Im- 
punity, even from the Defues of this Houfe ; 
which hath not demanded any one of thofe to be 
' left to Trial, who, fmce his Majefty's Going to 
York, have been impeached of High Treafon, for 

< actual levying War againft the King and King- 
f dom. 

Upon thefe, amongft other Reafons, we have 

5 demanded our Right of Proteftation ; and do now 
accordingly enter it, to clear ourfelves from any 

* Inconveniences that may follow from thefe Votes } 
' which are, in our Opinion, very prejudicial to 
' the Privileges of Parliament and the Liberty of the 





Of ENGLAND. 105 

Next was read the Whole of the Proportions for An. iS. Car, J. 
Peace, which were agreed on by the Lords, and or- 
dered to be fent down to the Commons ; but, as *~^~^* 
they laid a long Time in that Houfe, being not 
preiented to the King till above a Month after this, 
and were alfo much altered from this Copy, it can- 
not be amifs to give it here, and poftpone the other 
to its proper Place. By this Means may be evi- 
dently feen, That the Lords were much more in- 
clined to an Agreement than the Commons, by the 
Softnefs of thefe Propofitions, and the Harflmefs 
of the other. 

The faid Propofitions were as follow : 

* X7~OUR Majefty's moft humble and faithful The Propofiuon. 
c JL Subjects, the Lords and Commons in Par- to the King for 
4 liament afTembled, having always in their Thoughts Pea . ce ' " J** n 

c L /" r /- j \/t ' n. > tT . up by the Houfc 

c the (jlory of God, your Majefty s Honour, and f Lords. 
c the Profperity of your People ; and being moft 

* defirous to put an End to thefe Miferies which 
4 now infect, and further threaten, a Defolation of 
4 this Kingdom if not timely prevented ; and that 

* they may provide for the Safety of your Majefty's 
' Royal Peifon, and for the Defence of your loyal 
-' Subjects, againft all fuch as would, in their Mind, 
' dtftroy the Worfhip of God in his true Religion, 
4 the Laws of this Land, and the Rights and Privi- 
' leges of Parliament ; and alfo to fettle fuch Way 
6 for the future, as the like or other Diffractions and 

* Diftempers may not again break forth, do moft 
4 humbly befeech your Majefty to accept of and 
4 grant thefe their moft humble Defires and Propo- 
c fitions, as the moft neceflary and effectual Means 
' thereunto, through God's Bleiung ; and that there- 
4 by your Majefty may live in as great Honour as 
' any of your Royal Anceftors have done, and be 

* as formidable to your Enemies as any of your 
4 Predeceflbrs have been j and that your Subjects, 
4 with Peace and Plenty, may, with Gladnefs of 
4 Heart, perform their Duties to God and your Ma- 

4 jefty, 

106 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS.Car, i.' jefty, and enjoy their juft Liberties under your 

1642. ' moid gracious Prote&ion. 

''">'"'-' ' That your Majefty will be pleafed to give the 
' Royal Aflent unto the Bill for taking away fuper- 
c ftitious Innovations, 

' To the Bill againft fcandalous Minifters, 
To the Bill againft Pluralities, 
' To the Bill for a Confultation to be had with 
' godly, religious, and learned Divines : And 

I. * That your Majefty would be pleafed to pro- 
e mife to pafs fuch other "good Bills, for fettling of 

* the Church Government, as, upon Confultation 
' with the AfTembly of the faid Divines, fhall be 

* refoked on by both Houfes of Parliament, and, 
' by them, to be prefented unto your Majefty : 

* And that your Majefty will confirm the Decla- 

* ration, pafled in both Houfes, for the taking away 

* of Bifhops, Deans and Chapters ; and that fuch 

* unneceflary Ceremonies, as are oftenfive to tender 
' Confciences, may not be preflcd upon your Maje- 
' fty's good Subjects, as hath already been gracioufly 
' promifed by your Majefty. 

II. * That the Rights, Liberties, and Privileges 
' of Parliament may be no ways infringed, but 

* maintained. 

III. ' That fuch as have been impeached by the 

* Houfe of Commons, before the firft Day of Ja- 
' nuary, 164.1, and likewife the Lord Digby, fhall 

* be left to their due Trial in Parliament ; that the 

* Marquis of Hertford may be removed from his 
4 Charge about the Prince ; the Earl of Briftol^ the 
' Lord Herbert of Rag/and, Mr. Piercy, Mr. Jer- 

* myHf and Mr. Wilmot^ may be removed from the 
' Verge of the Court. 

IV. * That your Majefty will be pleafed to pafs 
' an A& in fuch Manner, as ma-y vindicate and fe- 
' cure the Privilege of Parliament from the ill Con- 

* fequences of the late Precedent, in the Charge and 
Proceeding againft the Lord Kimbolton, now Earl 
< of Manckejter^ and the five Members of the Houfe 
' of Commons. 

V. * That 


V. ' That your Majefty, upon the humble Pe-An. 18. Car. I. 
tition of both Houfes of Parliament, will be pleafed 

* to grant your Letters Patent to to 
be Chief Juftice of your Court of King's Bench ; 
c to the Lord Chief Juftice Banks , to be continued 

* to be Chief Juftice of your Court of Common 
Pleas ; to Mr. Juftice Fofter, to be Chief Baron of 
' your Court of Exchequer; and that Mr. Juftice 
Reeve may be continued one of the Judges in the 
' Court of Common Pleas ; to Mr. Juftice Bacon, 

* to be continued one of the Judges in your Court of 

* King's Bench ; to Mr. Serjeant Wylde, to be one 

* of the Judges of your Court of King's Bench j to 
4 Mr. Serjeant Roll, to be one of the Judges of 

* your Court of King's Bench ; to Mr. Serjeant 
Pheafant, to be one of the Judges of your Court of 

* Common Pleas ; to Mr. Serjeant Atkins, to be one 
4 of the Judges of your Court of Common Pleas ; 
' to Mr. Serjeant Crefwell, to be one of the Barons 
c of the Court of Exchequer ; to Mr. Samuel Brown 

* and Mr. John Pule/ion, to be two of the Barons 

* of your Court of Exchequer ; and that all of them 
may hold their Places quamdiu fe bene gefferlnt. 

VI. * That fuch Juftices of the Peace, that have 

* been lately out of the Commiffion of the Peace in 
c the feveral Counties of England and Wales, may 
' be reftored ; and that the Lord -Keeper may be 

* commanded to revoke the Commiflion and omit 

* fuch as are unfit for that Government. 

VII. * That your Majefty's Royal Aflent may 

* be given unto fuch A&s, as (hall be advifed by 

* both Houfes of Parliament, for the fatisfying and 
' paying of the Debts wherein the Kingdom now 

* ftands engaged. 

VIII. That all Adls of the Council-Table, that 
' do concern Government, may be attefted under 
' the Hands of thofe who give the Advice. 

IX. ' That an Act of Oblivion may pafs for all 
' Crimes and Offences committed, or pretended to 

* be committed, excepting the Perfons defired to be 

* brought to their Trial in Parliament. 

X. That 

lo8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. X. * That your Majefty's general Pardon may 
' be granted to all, excepting fuch as before-named. 
December^ * ^ * s num ^'y defired that your Majerty will 

declare your Pleafure, whether you will not have 
a CefTation from all Manner of Acls of Hoftility 
for fourteen Days ; the Ceffation to commence 
from fuch a Time as (hall be agreed on by your 
Majefty and the two Houfes of Parliament. 
XII. That the Laws againft Popifli Recufants 

* may be put in due Execution.' 

Dec. 22. Petitions came up from different Parts 
of the Kingdom to the Lords, all crying loudly for 
Peace. To which the Lords returned this Anfwer : 

* That they approved of their Defires for Peace and 
Agreement between the King and Parliament, which 
was always defired and endeavoured by that Houfe ; 
and that they were then about it, and hoped for good 

The fame Day a Letter from the Earl of Stam- 
ford was read, giving an Account of the Surrender 
of Briftol to the Parliament ; and that he was raifmg 
a very confiderable Number of Forces in thole 

Nothing elfe material occurs in the Journals, till 
the laft Day of this Month ; when a new Subfcrip- 
tion, for the further Maintenance of the Army, feems 
to be warmly promoted in the Houfe of Lords : And 
the Peers under-written iubfcribed their Names and 
Sums, as follow : 

A Subfcription Earl of Warwick 500 Ld. Vifc. &?yand Sele 100 

in the Houfe_of ar i f Mancbejler 300 Lord Brooke 2CO 

tenance of the" ^-arl f Bolingbroke 20O Lord Fielding 500 


"y- It was ordered, alfo, That the Speaker of that 

Houfe fhould move, on the firft of "January next, to 
know the Anfwer of thofe Lords who have not fub- 
fcribt-d to the Maintenance of the Army, as well as 
the Affiftants alfo attending that Houfe, 


Of E N G L A N D. 109 

That the Parliament was driven to great Straits An. 18. Car.t, 
for want of Money at this Time, is alfo evident .J^" ' _j 
from a MefTage fent to the Houfe of Commons, this December. 
Day, importing, That there was a great Neceffity 
for Money, and that the City of London was wil- 
ling to make a further Subfcription, if the Mem- 
bers of Parliament would fet a good Example in 
that Particular. That divers Lords had already 
fubfcribed to this Purpofe, and the Speaker was or- 
dered to know the Anfwers of thofe who had not ; 
and others were appointed to take the Subfcriptions 
of the Afliftants this Afternoon ; therefore the Com- 
mons were defired to take the fame Courfe with their 
Members, that it might be recommended with all 
Expedition to the City of London to do the like. 

Thus ended the Calendar Year of 1642 ; and a 
very bufy Year it was, both in refpedt of the various 
Multiplicity of Parliamentary Affairs, or rather 
Military Affairs tranfacted in Parliament, and the 
difmal Apprehenfions each Party in the Kingdom 
muft be in, of being plundered, burnt out, ruined, 
or flain by the other: So that the fafeft Afylum for 
any fmgle Perfon was, then, a Station in the King's 
or the Parliament's Army. 

All the Prifons, in and about London^ were full 
of Malignants and Delinquents, as they were then 
called by the Parliament ; infomuch that, befides 
the common Prifons, Windfor Caftle, London Houfe, 
the Lord Petre's Houfe in the City, the Deanery of 
St. Paul's, Ely Houfe, and Lambeth Houfe, as Win- 
chejier Houfe in Southiuark had been before, were 
made ufe of for that Purpofe. 

The King at this Time kept his Court at Oxford^ 
his Army being quartered conveniently in the 
neighbouring Towns, this Seafon not being proper 
for A&ion. Hither great Numbers of both Houfes 
of Parliament had reforted to him ; infomuch that, 
in a fhort Time, they conftituted a Kind of feparate 
Houfe of Lords and Commons of themfelves ; as 
will be (hewn hereafter. But to proceed with the 

no The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. January 2. The Earl of Northumberland, from a 
l6 * 1- Committee appointed to confider of a Bill to fettle 
^~* the Militia, reported what they had done in that 
Bufmefs. Great Difficulties apearing hereupon, 
A new Bill pro-the Lords thought fit to refpite the offering any Bill 
pofed relating tof or that Purpofe till the King (hould return to Par- 
the Militia, foment; but, in the mean Time, to make ready a Bill 
which fhould declare, That the King fhould not 
difpofe of the Power of the Militia without the Par- 
liament, nor the Parliament without the King; that, 
to prevent all Jealoufies, both Sides might have an 
equal Power. 

Jan. 3. The Scots Commiffioners prefented two 
Memorials to Parliament, complaining, That their 
Army in Ireland, on Englijh Pay, were almoft ftar- 
ved for want of it ; and that 40,000 /. the remaining 
Part of the Brotherly Afiiftance- Money, tho' long 
due, was yet unpaid. The Parliament excufed 
both thefe Negk&s ; laid the Blame on the Civil 
War and the prefent DiftracHons of the Times j 
but promifed as fpeedy a Payment as poflible, ac- 
cording to that Juftice and Honour which they 
owed to all Men, but in a more efpecial and affec- 
tionate Manner to their Brethren of Scotland. 

Jan. 4. The Commons fent up a MeiTage to the 
Lords, and with it a Letter they had juft received 
from their General, the Lord Fairfax, in the North ; 
which we here give in its own Words. It was ad- 
drefs'd to one of their Members : 

A Letter from 7 Have of late addrejjed fame Relations of my Pro- 

Lord Fairfax *- ceedings here, to the Committee appointed for the 

KSinfs'of Sa f et ? f tbe Ki "Z dom > bein Z a/ured that they ivould, 

the two Armies/ ro >n lime to Time, impart them to both Houfes of 

in Yorkjbirt. Parliament ; thatfuch Confederation might be had of 

them as the NeceJJtty of the Caufe requires. Now I 

addrefs this Relation to you, not doubting but it Jhall 

be imparted to both Houfes of Parliament, and to the 

Committee for the Safety of the Kingdom ; that the 

Affairs of this Country being known to them all, they 



may be provided for as their Wifdoms Jhall fee conve- An, 18. Car. I. 
nient. ^42. 

/ /foiv, formerly, advert if ed that the Earl 0/New- UP -^ij 
caftle'y y/rwy foy* ^feizd upon Leeds, where they J anuar 7 
plundered the well-affetled Party, and raifed a very 
great Sum of Money out of thofe that they could draw 
to compound for their Securities. From Leeds they 
marched, on Sunday /& iSth of this Month, with 
Jive Troops of Horfe, Jix Companies of Dragoons^ 
20O Foot, and two Drakes of the Earl e/'Newcaftler'.f 
Army ; befedes Sir William Savile, and divers other 
Gentlemen of Yorkfhire and their Forces, that join 'd 
themfelves with them. They came to Bradford about 
Ten o'clock in the Morning, intending to furprize 
the Town in Time of Prayer ; but the Town having 
Scouts abroad, had Notice of their Coming, and gave 
the Alarm to the Country, who came in to their Suc- 
cour from the Parts adjoining ; yet they had not in all 
above 80 Mujkets, the reft being armd with Clubs^ 
end fuch ruftick Weapons, with which fmall Force 
they put the Caufe to Trial with the great Strength 
of the Enemy ; who planted their Drakes 9 and dif- 
charged each of them f event een Times upon the Town, 
untilla Town's Man, with a Fowling-piece, kiWdone 
cfthe Cannoneers ; and then they all, with great Ceu- 
rage, ijjiied from the Town upon the Enemy, killed 
many of them, took about 30 Prisoners, and forced the 
reft to retreat, leaving 40 of their Mujkets and a 
Barrel of their Powder, with much other Provifons t 
behind them ; and this with the Lofs of but three 
Bradford Men. 

The Report of the Country is, That the Enemy, 
amongjl thofe that were tilled, lojl Col. Evers, Captain 
Bynns, and another Commander ; that Col. Goring, 
General of the Horfe, with the Earl of Newcaftle, 
was wounded ; that Serjeant -Major Carr is taken 
Prifoner ; and it is generally reported that 150 more 
ran away upon the Retreat, and are not fince return- 
ed to Leeds. 

In this VitJory the Hand and Power of God was 
mo/} evident, the Town being open sn all Sides, and of 
itjelf not being defenfible\ ajjaulted on every Side by a 


112 tfht Parliamentary HISTORY 

' * V Car< * malicious and bloody Enemy, and defended by a few 
half-naked Men j there being in the Town not above 

January. 8 Mujkets before they get 40 more by the Spoils of the 
Enemy : So that the Slaughter was, for the moj} Part, 
with Clubs ', and Scythes mounted on Poles, when they 
clos'd and came to Hand-Bioivs. With this Defeat the 
Enemies are fo enraged, that they threaten utter Ruin 
to Bradford ; whereupon the Town's Men fcnt to me 
for Succour of Men and Arms, and I have fent my Son, 
with Sir Henry Foulis, to them with three Troops of 
Horfe and \ 20 Dragooners< Theje arefafely arrived 
there, and received with grtat 'Joy and Acclamation 
ef the Country, who jlock to him, and offer themf elves 
mojl willingly to ferve again/? the Popijh Enemies, if 
Arms could be furnijhed to them. He hath already 
furprized fame Victuals fent in, upon Warrants, to 
the Enemy at Leeds, by the over-awed Country ; and 
he hath fent Capt. Mild may with his Troop of Horfe 
and fame Dragooners into Craven, tojfop the raifmg 
ef Money and Forces in that Country ; which is at- 
tempted by the tfr/c/"Cumberland, who is lately re- 
tired from York to Skipton ; and I hope he will leave 
nothing unattempted that may conduce to the Safety of 
the Country, fo far as can be expefted from the few 
Forces be hath with him. 

The Earl of Newcaftle proceeds in raifmg Money + 
ly all the illegal and opprejftve Jf^ayi that can be devi- 
fed ; and, both by the Commijjion of Array, and by 
Prejfes made in the Churches, raifeth all the Men he 
can. Ihis being attempted in Cleveland by certain 
of the difajfefied Gentry, their Expectation was pre- 
vented; the Refort and Appearance of the People 
flopped, and the CommiJJioners themftlves forced to yfy, 
by Sir Hugh Cholmley, to whom I fent fpecial Or- 
der for that End. J hear he hath alfo been at Mai- 
ton, and there furprized both the Receiver and the 
Monies raifed out of the Country thereabouts, by thofe 
ff^arrants. J cannot hear, certainly, what Monies 
or Men the Earl of Newcaftle hath raifed fince he 
came into this Country ; but he grants Commijfions to 
fundry convift Recufants to raife Troops of Hcrje, as, 
Sir John Middleton, Sir Walter Vavafor, Mr. Tin- 

Of E N G L A N D. 113 

dale, and others ; w ho, I hear, are now raifing their An. 18. Car. I, 
Men : And I hear daily Complaints of horrible Plun- 
ders and Spoils done by that Army, and thofe by fpecial 
Order, andinfuch Manner, as, if they be not fpeedily 
reftrained, and this Popijh Army expelled the Coun- 
try^ they will not only utterly ruin all Trade and Com- 
merce ; but difcoura'ge and difable all Huftandry j and 
fo bring Poverty and Famine upon the Land. 

Since my laft Ejlimate of our Forces, there is little 
Alteration of them ; only 1 20 Dragooners of Sir An- 
thony IrbyV Regiment are come hither, which I fent 
to Bradford with my Son. Col. Boynton, with his 
Regiment, being 500 Foot and 40 Horfe, are come 
hither j but Captain CromptonV Dragooners, as he 
complains to me, are all run away ; fo I have given 
him a new Commijfton to raife a Company. For any 
other Supplies, I cannot expeft them untillthe Aids come 
from the South ; for Sir Hugh Cholmley, as I hear, 
cannot bring 1 30 Men ; and thofe are fo much dejired 
to be retained in the North- Riding, to interrupt 
the raifing of Men in that Country in Aid of the Earl 
0/"Newcaftle, as I do not prefs his March this Way* 
and for the Lincolnfhire Aids, expected to be fent 
us, I cannot hope for any from them ; having this 
Day received a Letter by Captain Hatcher, wherein 
the Earl of Lincoln, and the Committee at Lincoln, 
write they are not able to defend themfelves again/} 
500 Foot, three Troops of Dragooners, and two 
Troops of Horfe, with feven Pieces of Ordnance, fent 
to Newark by the Earl o/Newcaftle j and therefore 
dejire Help frcm me. 

I have formerly represented to the Committee the 
extreme Want of Money here, and how impojjible it is 
to raife any, the Enemy being Majler of the Field. I 
have fent to Sir John Hotham, Sir Edward Rhodes, 
Sir Hugh Cholmley, and Capt. Hotham ; but they 
all alledge great Necejflities of their own, and help me 
with none; fo that I am put upon fuch Straits^ as fel- 
dom happen, to retain an Army together, and withall 
ferve again/} a more potent Enemy ; having neither 
Money to pay them, nor free Quarters to give them. 
If a fpeedy Supply of Money do not come y I much fear 

VOL. XII. H the 

H4 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Ctr. I. the Soldiers willfleal away and defert the Service. I 
1642. have }ujl now received your Letters, fignifying that 
U." v"" "^ th e Houfe hath defigned us !O,oool. to be presently 
January, fat, and will take further Care for all Neceffarits ' 
to be fuppliei; for this, 1 befeech you, return my 
bumble Thanks, and ajjure them that they Jhall want 
no Care nor Fidelity in me to advance the Service, 
Jo highly concerning the Laws and Religion of thi 

I am now about to procure Billets, for fourteen 
Days, on the Inhabitants of the Towns where I quar- 
ter, and to engage for the Payment as foon as the 
Money comes to me. Ail this I befeech you to repre- 
fent to the Honourable AJJembly, whofe Care 1 doubt 
not but will fupply all our Wants now reprefented; 
tfpecially hajtening dawn the Forces of the Southern 
farts with the Monies intended for our Supplies. 

It is advifed by the Commanders here, net to fall 
upon any of the Enemy's Barters at this Time, un- 
tillwe are granger, or have certain Intelligence of their 
ffleaknefs ; in the mean Time we lie Jlili waiting for 
Opportunities ) which /hall not be negleftcd, if once 

Your affe&ionate Friend 

Silly, Dec. ag, 

164*- and Servant, 


P. S. The Enemy hath not made any Attempt upon 
our Quarters Jince our Remove from Xadcafter, un- 
till this Morning ; when five Troops of Horfe and 
three Companies of Dragooners from Sherburne, fell 
upon cur Quarter at Bryton, where two Companies 
of our Foot and one Company of Horje quartered. They 
came in fo faji with our Scouts, that they were in the 
Town before many of our Men could be drawn out ; 
and yet the mojl Part of our Ssldiers carried them- 
felves with fuch Refilution, as they forced the Enemy 
to retreat in great Confnfion, and took three of them 
Prifoners ; and this with the Lofs but of one Man on 
our Part, 


Of E N G L A N D. 115 

After the reading of this Letter, an Order was An. 18, Car. T, 

made to fend the Lord Fairfax a Supply, and to jfy-a- 

truft to his known Jaftice and faithful Service for ^ t~*~7 ~~* 
the due Management of it. 

There was nothing material done in the Houfe An Agreement of 
of Lords forfome Days after this, except an Order Neutrality m 

n ] A U-LLJL Cbelbire, quaflied 

maae for qualhing an Agreement which had been by -p ar j] a j nenu 
entered into by both Parties in Chefhire, in or- 
der to keep Peace in that County ; it being urged, 
as in the like Cafe before in Yorkjhlre, which we have 
particularly taken Notice of in our laft Volume, 
That it was dangerous to the whole Kingdom for 
one County to ftand neuter, and withdraw itfelf 
from the Affiftance of the reft. 

A Declaration was alfo made and agreed to, for Means for raffing 
raifing more Money by a frefh Subfcription, and more Money for 
that the Speakers of both Houfes were to take the^ 3 * * f 
Anfwers of the Members, &c. of each, to learn 
what they will fubfcribe for the Maintenance of the 
Army. The Lord Mayor of London was likewife 
ordered to call a Common Hall, and fome Mem- 
bers of both Houfes were appointed to go thitherj 
to exhort the Citizens to do the like. 

Jan. 10. A Cafe happened in the Houfe of Com- Remarkable DM 
mons, which, though trivial in itfelf, may not bep lfion ?. ? n 
improper to take Notice of. In one of the Debates 
relating to the Propofitions for Peace, the Houfe di- 
vided on the Queftion ; when the Tellers came to 
make their Report of the Numbers, they could not 
agree upon it, three being of one Opinion, and the 
fourth of another. The Houfe then divided again, 
and all that were not prefent at the firft Telling 
were required to withdraw. The Tellers reported 
the Numbers to be thirty-three on each Side: But 
one Member prefent at the firft Divifion and Tel- 
ling, yet came not in upon the fecond Telling, till 
the Numbers were given in and reported by Mr. 
Speaker, was defired to be counted ; a Debate arofe 
whether he fhould or not, coming not in till the 
Report was made: The Houfe divided again on 
this Queftion $ but before it was told, the Noes yield- 
H 2 ed, 

1 1 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. Led, and that Member being added to the Yeas, 
' 6 4 2 - made their Number thirty-four. 

Many Copies of InftrufUons are entered at this 
Time for the Parliament's Lord -Lieutenants, and 
other Agents in the feveral Counties ; and alfo a fe- 
cond Declaration concerning the King's Commif- 
fion of Array : b All of them too tedious for our 
Purpofe: But 

A Relation of the ^ n tne I2t ^ of this Month a Relation was read 
Manner of pre-tn the Houfe of Lords, fent up by the Commons, 
fcnting a Petition concerning the Carrying and Delivery of a Petition 
fe^touMte ffrom the C . !t y of London, to the King at Oxford. 
Kongt Offer d. This Relation was made by the City's Commitfion- 
ers appointed for that Purpofe; and, fince the Con- 
fequences of it are fomewhat curious, deferves a 
Place in thefe Enquiries. The Petition is not en- 
tered in the Journals, being a Work of Common 
Council onlyj but we have met with a printed 
Copy of it, and the King's Anfwer to it, with 
fome Speeches made by a Committee of both Houfes, 
fent to attend the reading of them in the Guildhall? 
which we fhall give : And firft the Relation itfelf, 
as it ftands in the Journals : 

A T this Common Council Sir George Garret^ 
\^ Sir George Clark, Knights and Aldermen, 
Mr. Peter Jones, Mr. George Henley, Mr. Richard. 
Bateman, and Mr Barney Reames, Commiflion- 
ers lately appointed by this Court to make their 
Addrefs unto his Majefty, with an humble Pe- 
tition, in the Name of the Mayor, Aldermen, 
and Commons of this City, did make their Re- 
lation in Writing, which followeth in thefc 

On Monday the fecondof January we came to Ox- 
ford, between One andTwo o 'Clock in the Afternoon ; 
where , tbd 1 we could get no Lodgings before Night , 


k HuitenJt's Ce.'lefiient, fjom p, 850, to 891. 

Of E N G L A N D. 117 

yet prefently we difpatched one to give the Z0r^Falk An. 18. Cat. I. 
Jand Notice of our coming. About Three o Clock we l64 ^* 
did all of us attend his Lerdjhip, at his Lodgings in ^j^T^ 
New College ; with whom we fent we alfo to the 
Court, to receive his Majejiys Order for d<JmrJ/iox 
into his Prefence ; who returning unto us, and bring- , 

ing us Word, that his Majejly would receive the Peti- 
tion at Five o'Clocky we accordingly all of us came to 
the Court. After fame Jmall Time of Attendance we 
were admitted unto his Majejty in his Withdruwing- 
Chamber, and the Petition fablickly read in his Ma- 
jejty's Prejence ; unto which his Majejly prefently made 
Anfwer unto this Effet y That he was giad of the 
Occafton this Petition would give him, to let the 
City know fome of his Declarations ; which, al- 
though he ha<J already caufed them to be put in 
Print, yet he doubted might be kept from the 
Knowledge of his People in the City: That he 
doubted the Petitioners promifed more than they 
could perform, to wit, To defend his Majejly from 
Tumults ; when, as he heard, they could not main- 
tain Peace and Quiet among themfelves : That his 
Anfwer fhould be full, which he would expect 
fhould be publifhed and made known to all his 
People in the City. And he added this Queftion^ 
Whether they had petitioned the Parliament aifo, 
to remember them of their Duty to his Majefty ? 
To this it was prefently anfwered, That we were 
only MefTengers of this Petition, and could give no 
Anfwer to that Queftion. 

On Tuefday we had no Audience, and only attend- 
ed our Anfwer ; but, on Wednefday the fourth of 
January, we addrefs' dour [elves fir our Difpatch, by 
a Meffage unto the Lord Falkland, and received his 
Majejly' 's Order to attend at Three o'clock that After- 
noon, which we did accordingly ; and, being called in, 
his Majejly gave us a Paper, which, he f aid, was his 
Anfwer to ihe Petition ; and fo delivered it into the 
JHands of a Gentleman called Mr. Heron, jlanding 
ly hii/i ; who, be [aid, foould go with us, and fee it 
djne accordingly. And having demanded which waf 
H 3 the 

n8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Cir.I.the greater AJJembly^ a Common Council or a Common 

1 64* Hall ; and it being anjwered^ That a Common Hall 

**- ~~-~ ' was the greater Ajjembly* his Majejly twice exprejly 

January. comman ded us that this his Anfwer Jhould be publtjhed 

at a Common Hall\ that there might be fair Play 

and above- board) and that the People of the City might 

be difabujed) and know the Truth. 

This done his Majejly difmijjed HJ, as we thought ; 
but presently we were recalled, and his Majefty faid y 
He would fend Come Perfons to be amongft us in 
the Ciry, to inform the City and him of the Truth; 
whom he would expect they fhould protect, feeing 
they did protect Peifons ill-affedted to his Majefty ; 
and that he fliould fee by that, how they were able 
to protect his Majefty. 

This Relation we make according to our be ft Re- 

The foregoing Narrative being read, it was de- 
clared, That the Houfe of Commons held it very 
neceflary, if their Lordfhips fhall fo pleafe, that 
fome Committees of both Houfes be prefent at 
the Common Hall, to hear what (hall be read 
from his Majefty by Mr. Heron : And if it fhould 
prove to be the fame that is printed, which con- 
tains Matters very fcandalous to the Parliament, 
dangerous to the City and whole Kingdom, feem- 
ing purpofely defigned to ftir up Mutiny in the 
City, that then they might be ready to take oft' 
the Afperfions laid upon the Proceedings of both 
Houfes ; and to {hew their Confidence in the 
Loyalty, Wifdom, and good Affe6tion of the City; 
that they will not be mifled nor diftemper'd by 
any fuch Scandals and Afperfions : And if it 
prove not the fame, but do contain any other 
Afperfions, they might 'ik< wife clear the Honour 
and Juftice of their Proceedings as they fhall fee 
Caufe ; and the Houfe of Commons defires their 
Lordfhips to join with them in this alfo, that 
whatfoever the Meflage did appear to be, they 
fhould yet clear the two Houfes of Parliament, 


Of ENGLAND. 119 

notwithftanding all the Taxes laid upon them by An. 18 Car. I. 
that Book} having done nothing but agreeable to l642< 
their Duty to the King and Kingdom ; and that ( i^w ~~*' 
the Loyalty and Modefty of the City, exprefled in 
their Petition to his Majefty, wereto be commended. 

The Commons alfo offered to their Lordfliips 
Confideration fome Obfervations, extracted out of 
the King's Anfwer, with their Reply ihereunto. 
But all thefe, being recited and enlarged upon in 
the following Speech of Mr. Pyrnme, we pafc 

The next Day the whole Affair was tranfacled at 
the Guildhall, and a particular Account taken of 
it, and printed by Order of the Houfe of Commons, 
with an Introduction and Remarks upon it. Mr. 
Rujhworth hath the Petition, Anfwer, and fubfe- 
quent Speeches in his Collections ; and as the print- 
ed Copy, above-mentioned, is much more circum- 
ftantial, we {hall give it from that Authority d . 


CT'R AT Olfervatlon, Man's Extremities are God's 
-* Opportunities, was never more abundantly and 
experimentally made good than in thefe latter Days ; 
and in none of thefe more than on Friday the iyh of 
January, 1642, in and toward, the City of London, 
where his Mafefty's unexpected Anfwer to an bumble 
Petition, prefented to his Majefty at Oxford, from 
the Lird Mayor and Cowmen Council of that Honour- 
able City^ made many fad Hearts ; not only in regard, 
that all the unwearied and loyal Endeavours of Par- 
liament and City, with other Parts of the Kingdom^ 
have made no deeper ImpreJJion upon his Majefty's 
Heart, the greatejl Treafure for which they have 
contended ; but alfo in fome doubtful Expectation what 
Advantage fuch Spirits might have made of it, atleajl 


c In Volume V. p. no. 

<1 Published, with the Licence of Mr. Elfyngc, Clerk of the Houfc 
of Common?, by Putr Cole, the Printer of the other Speeches at the 
Guildhall, which are already given in this Volume. 

120 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. \%. Car. \.to the unfettling of the Peace, and difuniting the Spi- 
rits of the City who Jleer all their Actions by that 
Maxim of Policy, Divide & impera, divide and dtt 
what you will: The rather when they obferve that the 
Counfel of fome not fo Well-wijhers, certainly, to the 
Public Safety, as to their own private Interejis, had 
prevailed with his Majeftj that his Anfwer Jhould be 
publijhed at a Common Hall, by his Majefty's exprefs 
Order for that Purpofe, when as the Petition was 
humbly tendered to his Majeliy from a Common Coun- 
cil. To avoid all Inconveniences, it pleafed the Wildom 
and Goodnefs of Heaven to direR the Parliament to 
chufe an Honourable Committee of Lords and Commons 
to be prefent at the reading thereof; and the Governors 
of the City to order that all the Companies Jhould firjl 
meet at their feveral Halls, and then come in their City 
Habits to /fo Guild hall, where his Majefty's Anfwer 
was to be read : IV hen the Committee of both Houfesj 
with the Lord Mayor, Aldermen , and fuch a Conflu- 
ence of Liverymen as hath not been feen there in the 
Memory of the oldeft Man in the City, being met, thf 
Lord Mayor commanded the Town Clerk to read, irt 
tht Audience of that great A/embly, the City's Peti~ 
tiori) which here follows ; 

To the KING'S Mojl Excellent Majefly, 

fbe HUMBLE PETITION of the Mayor, Aldermen* 

and Commons of the City of London, 


S S a* a" C T H AT the Petitioners, your Majefty's moft 
Coamon HalJ. ' JL humble and loyal Subje&s, being much 

* peirced with the long :md great Divifions between 
' your Majefty and both your Houfes of Parliament, 
< and with the fad and bloody Effe&s thereof, both 
' here and in Ireland, are yet more deeply wounded 

* by the Mifapprehenfion which your Majefty feem- 
' cth to entertain of the Love and Loyalty of this 
your City, as if there were fomc Caufe of Fear 
' or Sufpicion of Danger to your Royal Perfon, if 

* your Majefty fhould return thhherj'and that this 

* is 

Of ENGLAND. 121 

* is made the unhappy Bar to that blefled Reconci-A 
* liation with yout great and moft faithful Council, 

4 for preventing that Defolation and Deftruction, 
4 which is now moft apparently imminent on your 
4 Majefty and all your Kingdoms : 

4 For Satisfaction therefore of your Majefty, and 

* clearing of the Petitioners Innocency, they moft 
4 humbly declare, as formerly they have done, That 
4 they are in no way confcious of any Difloyalty, 
4 but abhor all Thoughts thereof : And that they 
4 are refolved to make good their late folemn Prote- 
4 ftation and facred Vow made to Almighty God, 
4 and, with the laft Drop of their deareft floods, 
4 to defend and maintain the true Reformed Proteft- 

* ant Religion ; and, according to the Duty of their 
4 Allegiance, your Majefty's Royal Perfon, Honour, 
4 and Eftate ; (whatever is malicioufly and moft 
4 falfly fuggefted to your Majefty to the contrary) as 
4 well as the Power and Privileges of Parliament, 
4 and the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subject j 
4 and do hereby engage themfelves, their Eftates, 
4 and all they have, to their uttermoft Power, to 

* defend and preferve your Majefty and both Houfes 
4 of Parliament from all Tumults, Affronts, and 
4 Violence, with as much Loyalty, Love, and 
4 Duty, as ever Citizens exprefled towards your 
' Majefty, or any of your Royal Progenitors in their 

* greateft Glory. 

4 The Petitioners therefore, upon their bended 
' Knees, do moft humbly befeech your Majefty to 

* return to your Parliament, accompanied with your 
4 Royal, not your Martial, Attendance ; to the 
4 End that Religion, Laws, and Liberties may be 

* fettled and fecured ; and whatfoever is amifs in 
4 Church and Commonwealth reformed by their 
4 Advice, according to the Fundamental Conftitu- 
4 tions of this Kingdom ; and that fuch a Peace 
4 may thereby be obtained, as {hall be for the Glory 
4 of God, the Honour and Happinefs of your Ma- 
4 jefty and Pofterity, and the Safety and Welfare of 
4 all your loyal Subjects ; who (the Petitioners 
4 are fully affured, whatfoever is given out to 

122 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. is. Car. I. c fa contrary) do unanimoufly defire the Peace here- 
t^l^l^j in exprelled. 

January. -dad the Petitioners Jhall ever pray, &c. 

M I C H L L. 

Tbit being done, the King's Meffenger * being wiJJ}- 
ed to read his Majejlys Anfwer to that Petition, 
made fame Apology to be excufed ; partly willing to 
intimate that bis CommiJJion was but to deliver the 
Anfwer to the Lord Mayor, (which' feemed very 
Jirange to Standers-by, who were ready to conclude, 
that if his Maje/ly's Command had been of no larger 
Extent, the Trouble of a Common Hall might well 
have been fpared) and partly pleading the Inaudible- 
nefs of his Voice in fuel) a vaft Aflembly ; but being 
deemed the fittejl for that Service by the Honourable 
Committee, the Lord Mayor and his Brethren, he then 
read his Majejlys Anfwer, which here follows : 

A alfo the ' T TTI S Majefty hath gracioufly confidered this 
King's Anfwer \^\ Petition, and returns this Anfwer : That 
' his Majefty doth not entertain any Mifapprehen- 
' (ion of the Love and Loyalty of his City of Lon- 
' don. As he hath always exprefled a fingular Re- 
' gard and Efteem of the Affections of that City, 

* and is ftill defirous to make it his chief Place of 
' Rcfidence, and to continue and renew many 
' Marks of his Favour towards it ; fo he believes 

* much the better and greater Part of that his City 
' is full of Love, Duty, and Loyalty to his Majefty ; 
c and that the Tumults which heretofore forced his 

* Majefty, for his Safety, to leave that Place, tho' 
' they were contrived r.nd encouraged by fome prin- 
' cipal Members thereof, (who are lince well known, 
' though they are above the Reach of Jufticc) con- 
' fifted more of defperate Perfons of the Suburbs, 
' and the neighbouring Towns, who were mifled 
' by the Cunning and Malice of their Seducers, 
than of the Inhabitants of that City. He looks 

* on 

Capt. Heron, Son of Sir Edioard Heron, Hich Sheriff" of Litt- 
coln/bire, who had been voted a Delinquent, for executing the King's 
Coauniflion of Array in that County. 

Of ENGLAND. 123 

* on his good Subjects there as Perfons groaning An. 18. Car. I, 

* under the fame Burden which doth opprefs his 164*- 

* Majefty, and awed by the fame Perfons who be- ^~'-* 
' gat thefe Tumults, and the fame Army which J anuar y 

* gave Battle to his Majefty : And therefore as no 
4 good Subject can more defire, from his Soul, a 

* Compofure of the general DiftracYions ; fo no 
4 good Citizen can more defire the Eftabliftmient of 
4 the particular Peace and Profperity of that Place 
4 by his Majefty 's Accefs thither, than his Majefty 
4 himfelfdoth. 

* But his Majefty defires his good Subjects of 
4 London ferioufly to confider what Confidence his 
4 Majefty can have of Security there, whilft the 
4 Laws of the Land are fo notorioufly defpifed and 

* trampled under Foot ; and the wholefomeGovern- 
4 ment of that City, heretofore fo famous over all the 

* World, is now fubmitted to the arbitrary Power 
' of a few defperate Perfons of no Reputation, but 
4 for Malice and Difloyalty to him : Whilft Arms 

* are taken up not only without, but againft, his 

* Confent and exprefs Command ; and Collections 
4 publickly made, and Contributions avowed, for the 
' Maintenance of the Army which hath given hira 

* Battle, and therein ufed all poflible Means Trea- 

* fon and Malice could fuggeft to them, to have ta- 

* ken his Life from him, and to have deftroyed his 
4 Royal Iflue ; whilft fuch of his Majefty's Subjects, 
c who, out of Duty and Affection to his Majefty, 

* and Companion of their bleeding Country, have 
4 laboured for Peace, are reviled, injured, and mur- 
4 dered, even by the Magiftrates of that City, or by 

* their Directions. 

4 Lajlly, What Hope his Majefty can have of , 
Safety there, whilft Alderman Pennington^ their 
4 pretended Lord Mayor, (the principal Author of 
4 thofe Calamities which fo nearly threaten the Ruin 
c of that famous City) Ven, Foulke, and Mainwa- 
' ring, all Perfons notorioufly guilty of Schifm and 
4 High Treafon, commit fuch Outrages in oppref- 
4 fin a;, robbing, and imprifoning, according to their 
4 Difcrction, all fuch his Majefty's loving Subjects 

4 whom 

124 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18 Car. I. 4 whom they are pleafed to fufpect but for wifhing 
**** well to his Majefty : And his Majefty would 
~*~ ' < know whether the Petitioners believe that the 

* Reviling and Supprefling the Book of Common 

* Prayer, (eftabliflied in this Church ever flnce the 
Reformation) the Difcountenancing and Imprifon- 

< ing godly, karned, and painful Preachers; and 
' the Cherifliing and Countenancing of Biownifts, 

* Anabaptifts, and all Manner of Sectaries, be the 
e Way to defend and maintain the true Reformed 
Proteftant Religion? That to comply with, and 

* aifift Perfons who have actually attempted to kill 
his Majefty ; and to allow and favour Libels, Paf- 
' quils, and feditious Sermons againft his Majefty, be 

* to defend his Royal Perfon and Honour according 
to the Duty of their Allegiance ? Whether to im- 
prifon Men's Perfons, and to plunder their Houfes, 

* becaufe they will not rebel againft his Majefty, 
' nor affift thofe that do ? Whether to deftroy their 
' Property, by taking away the Twentieth Part of 
c their Eftates from them ; and, by the fame arbi- 
trary Power, to refer to four Standers-by of their 
' own Faction, to judge what that Twentieth Part 

* is, be to defend the lawful Rights and Liberties of 
the Subject .' And if they thfnk thefe Actions to 

* be Inftances of either, whether they do not know 
the Perfons before-named to be guilty of them all ? 
Or whether they think it poflible that Almighty 
God can blefs that City, and preferve it from De- 
ftruction, whilft Perfons of fuch known Guilt and 

< Wickednefs are defended and juftified amongft 

< them, againft the Power of that Law by which 
' they can only fubfift ? 

* His Majefty is fo far from fuffering himfclf to 
e be incenfed againft the whole City, by the Actions 

* of thefe ill Men, though they have hitherto been 

* fo prevalent as to make the Affections of the relt 

< of little Ufe to him ; and is fo willing to be with 

* them and to protect them, that the Ti ade, Wealth, 

* and Glory thereof (fo decayed and eclipfed by 

< thefe public Diftractions) may again be the Envy 

' of 

Of E N G L A N D. 125 

c of all foreign Nations ; that he doth, once more, An. iS. Car, I, 
' g;racioufly offer his Free and General Pardon to all j6 4*- 
' the Inhabitants of that his City of London, the '- "~*~" ' ' 

* Suburbs, and City of Weftminjler, (except the Jaw 

* Perfons formerly excepted by his Majefty) if they 

* (hall yet return to their Duty, Loyalty, and Obe- 

* dience. And if his good Subjects of that his City 
' of London ftiall firft folemnly declare, That they 

* will defend the known Laws of the Land, and 
' will fubmit to, and be governed by, no other 
' Rule : If they ftiall firft manifeft, by defending 
' themfelves, and maintaining their own Rights, 
' Liberties, and Interefts, and fuppreffing any Force 
' and Violence unlawfully raifed againft thofe and 

* his Majefty, their Power to defend and preferve 

* him from all Tumults, Affronts, and Violence : 

* Laftly, If they {hall apprehend, and commit to 

* fafe Cuftody, the Perfons of thofe four Men who 
' enrich themfelves by the Spoil and Oppreffion of 

* his loving Subjects, and the Ruin of the City, that 
' his Majefty may proceed againft them by the 
' Courfe of Law, as guilty of High Treafon, hit 
4 Majejly will fpeedily return to them with his Royal 9 
' and without his Martial, Attendance ; and will ufe 

* his utmoft Endeavour that they may, hereafter, 

* enjoy all the BleiTings of Peace and Plenty j and 
' will no longer expect Obedience from them, than 
' he fhall, with all the Faculties of his Soul, labour 
' in the Preferving and Advancing the true Reformed 
' Proteftant Religion, the Laws of the Land, the Li- 

* berty and Property of the Subject, and the juft Pri- 
' vileges of Parliament. 

' If, notwithftanding all this, the Art and Inte- 
' reft of thefe Men can prevail fo far, that they in- 

* volve more Men in their Guilt, and draw that his 
City to facrifice its prefent Happinefs and future 
' Hopes to their Pride, Fury, and Malice, his Ma- 
' jefty fhall only give them this Warning, That 
4 whcfoever ftiall, henceforward, take up Arms with- 

* out his Confent j contribute any Money or Plate, 
' upon what Pretence of Authority foever, for Main- 

* tenance of the Army under the Command of the 


726 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ao. 18. Car. I.< E ar l of Bflex, or any other Army in Rebellion 
againft him ; or {hall pay Tonnage and Pound- 

the fame fta11 be fettled b x A(St of Par " 

* liament ; every fuch Perfon muft expect the fe- 
' vereft Punimment the Law can inflict; and, in 
4 the mean time, his Majefty will feize upon any 
' Part of his Eftate withiji his Power, for the Re- 
' lief and Support of him and his Army, raifed and 

* maintained for the Defence of his Perfon, the 
' Laws, and this his Kingdom : And fince he de- 
' nies to his Majefty the Duty and Benefit of his 
<N Subjection, by giving Affiftance to 'Rebels, which, 

* by the known Laws of the Land, is High Trea- 

* fon, his Majefty fhall likewife deny him the Bene- 

* fit of his Protection ; and {hall not only fignify to 

* all his foreign Minifters, that fuch Perfon {hall re- 

* ceive no Advantage by being his Subject, but (hall, 

* by all other Ways and Means, proceed againft him 

* as a public Enemy to his Majefty and this King- 
4 dom. 

* But his Majefty hopes and doubts not but his 
c good Subjects of London will call to Mind the 

* Acts of their Predeceflbrs, their Duty, Affection, 

* Loyalty, and Merit towards their Princes ; the 
' Renown they have had with all Pofterity from, and 
6 theBIeflings of Heaven which always accompanied, 

~* thofe Virtues ; and will confider the perpetual Scorn 

* and Infamy, which unavoidably will follow them 

* and their Children, if infinitely the meaner Part 

* in Quality, and much the lefler Part in Number, 

* {hall be able to alter the Government fo admi- 

* rably eftabliftied, deftroy the Trade fo excellent- 
c ly fettled, and to wafte the Wealth, fo induftri- 

* oufly gotten, of that flourifhing City ; and then 

* they will cafily gather up the Courage and Refolu- 

* tion to join with his Majefty in Defence of their 
c Religion, Laws, and Liberties, which hitherto 

* hath and only can make themfelves, his Majefty, 

* and his Kingdom, happy. 

' For concurring with the Advice of his two 
' Houfes of Parliament, which, with Reference to 

* the Commonwealth, may be as well at this Di- 

' ftancej 

Of E N G L A N D. 127 

fiance as at Whitehall; his Majefty doubts not An. iS. Car. I. 
but his good Subjects of London well know how 
far (beyond the Example of his Predeceflbrs) his 
' Majefty hath concurred with their Advice in paf- 

* fmg of fuch Laws, by which he willingly hath 
' parted with many of his known Rights, for the 
Benefit of his Subjects, which the Fundamental 

* Conftitutions of this Kingdom did not oblige 

* him to confenfto; and hath ufed all poffible Means 
' to beget a right Underftanding between them ; 

* and will therefore apply themfelves to thofe who, 
by making juft, peaceable, and honourable Propo- 

* fitions to his Majefty, can only beget that Con- 

* currence/ 

After the King's MeJJenger had read this once upon 
the Hujlings, in the Audience of thofe Honourable 
Per fans, he was, for the Help of the Lownefs of his 
Poice, and the Advantage of the great Multitudes in 
the Hall, willed to read the fame a fecond Time in 
the Clock-houfe, in the Audience of the Body of that 
AJfembly ; among whom, after he had finijhed his 
Work, an inconfiderable Company near the Door 
made feme Offers towards an Acclamation ; but 
fnding no expecled Eccho to anfwer their Shout, they 
wound up in a little Mode fly and a great deal of Si~ 
fence, upon which the Earl of Manchefter delivered 
his Speech as followeth : 

My Lord Mayor, and you Gentlemen of the City 

of London, 
c f I ^HIS AfTembly can never be looked upon by TheEarl <>f 

J_ any Members of both Houfes of Parlia-s^ech^tcTthe 
ment, but there muft be fome Offering of Gratitude Citizens on that 
made to you; of Thanks and Acknowledgements Occafionj 
for your former large-hearted Expreflions of Af- 
fection and Care for the Prefervation both of the 
Parliament and Kingdom: The Occafion why my 
Lords and thefe Gentlemen of the Houfe of Com- 
mons are come hither is this, They have read an An- 
fwer to an humble Petition of the Lord Mayor and 
Common Council and Citizens of London to his 


128 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Majefty; in which they find many wounding A- 
_ periions caft upon Perfons of very eminent Autho- 
' rity in your City, and upon others of very great F?- 
delity and Truft among you : This Anfwer they 
do find, as it is printed, to agree with that which the 
Gentleman from his Majefty hath here read ; ami 
they owning themfelves equally interested (in all 
Things that concern you) with you, have com- 
manded this Gentleman to make fome Obfervations 
by way of Vindication, both of the Proceedings of 
both Houfes of Parliament, and of the Proceedings 
of the City j with this Aflurance, that they will ne- 
ver delert you, but will ftand by you with their 
Lives and Fortunes, for the Prefervation of the 
City in general, and thofe Perfons in particular, 
who have been faithful, and deferved well, both of 
the Parliament and Kingdom ; and they will pur- 
fue all Means, both with their Lives and Fottunes, 
that may be for the Prefervation of this City, and 
for the Procuring of Safety, Happinefs, and Peace 
to the whole Kingdom.' 

The Speech of this Noble Lord being entertained 
with loud ExpreJJions of Joy and Thankfulnefs by the 
Commons', and^ after fome Time Silence being made, 
, Jltfr. Pymme, that worthy Member of the Houfe of 
Commons and Patriot of his Country^ gave the Senje 
of both Houfes upon the feveral Pajfages in his Ma- 
jejiy's Anfwer^ in the following Speech : 

My Lord Mayor^ and you Worthy Citizens of 
this Nobie and Famous City of London, 

And Mr. ' TAm commanded by the Lords and Commons 
|^ to j et vou know, That, in this Anfwer which 

6 " 211 ? bcen P ublifhed to y u the y do obferve many 
Things of great Afperfinn upon the Proceedings of 
Parliament, very fcandalous and injurious to many 
particular Members of this City ; whereupon they 
think that it becomes them, both in Tendernefs of 
their own Honour, and Refpect to you, to take 
away all thofe Afperfions ; and to let you know 
the Truth of their Proceedings, which have been 


Of E N G L A N D. 129 

full of Honour and Juftice, as they ftand in rela-An. 18. Car, I, 
tion to their own Duty ; and full of Humility and i 6 42 
Obedience towards his Majefty, and of Care for the *"- ~v ' 
common Good, and fo fhall ever be : And they J anuar y 
have commanded me to let you know the true An- 
fwer to moft of thofe Things that are imputed either 
to the Parliament, or to the City, by obferving 
fome Particulars of this Book which hath been read 
to you ; and to let you know the Proceedings in 
their own native Condition, clear from thofe Mif- 
reprefentations which make them appear in a Qua- 
lity much different from the Truth : Which before 
I enter into, I am to declare, as the Senfe of both 
Houfes, that your Petition was fo full of Loyalty, 
Humility, and Obedience, that you might well 
have expected an Anfwer of another Kind. 

4 The firft Obfervation I am to make to you 13 
this, that it is faid here, That his Majefty was en- 
forced, by Tumulty to leave the Parliament, and to 
go from Whitehall, and to withdraw himfelf into 
thofe Courfes which now he hath taken. 

' In Anfwer hereunto, I am commanded to tell 
you, That there was no Occafion given by any Tu- 
mults rifing out of this City, or the Suburbs, which 
might juftly caufe his Majefty's Departure; and 
you may very well remember, that after his vio- 
lent coming to the Commons' Houfe of Parliament 
in that unufual and unheard-of Manner (which was 
the Beginning of thefe unhappy Differences) that 
the very next Day his Majefty came into the City 
without any Guard ; that he was prefent in the 
Common Council, dined at the Sheriffs, and re- 
turned back again, with manifold Evidences of Fi- 
delity on the Part of the City, and without any 
fuch Expreffions as were unbefeeming the Majefty 
of a King, or the Duty of Subjects ; that he refided 
divers Days at IVhitehall, and afterward at Hamp- 
ton-Court, Windfor, and Places adjoining, with 
fmall Forces about him, and yet never any Attempt 
made which might give him any Apprehenfions of 
Fear; by all which it is manifeft, that this is an un- 
juft Afperfion caft upon this City, that any tumul- 

VOL. XII. I tuous 

130 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. i.tuous Carriage of yours was the Occafion of hr> 
* 42- Majefty's leaving the Parliament, and withdrawing 
Jan himfelf to remoter Parts. 

' It is affirmed, That the Government of your City 
hath been managed by a few defperate Perfons, and 
that they do exercife an arbitrary Power. In Anfwer 
to which the two Houfes of Parliament give you this 
Teftimony, That you have, in moft of the great 
Occafions concerning the Government of the City, 
followed their Direction j and that Direction, which 
they have given, and you have executed, they muft 
and will maintain to be fuch as ftands with their 
Honour in giving it, and your Truft and Fidelity 
in the Performance of it. 

It is objected in the third Place, That Contribu- 
tions have been pnblickly made, for the Maintenance 
of that Army which did join Battle with the King, 
and did, by all the Means that Treafon and Malice could 
fuggejl, endeavour to take away his Life, and dejhoy 
, his IJfue. To this I am commanded fo fay, That 

the Defign of bringing up the Englifo Armies, the 
gathering together of the Cavaliers about jybite- 
hall, the violent coming to the Houfe of Commons, , 
the King's going into the North and raifing Armies 
there, are clear Evidences that Violence was firft in- 
tended, and divers Practices were made againft the 
Parliament, before they took any Courfe, or made* 
any Preparation to take up Arms, for their Defence; 
for the Danger of his Majefty's Perfon they were 
forry for it, and did, by divers humble Petitions, la- 
bour to prevent it ; and as touching the Royal Iflue, 
they have fufficiently declared to the World their 
good Affections towards them, by the Care they 
have taken both for the Safety and Maintenance 
of thofe who are left here. 

' It is further exprefled in this Anfwer, That 
the King demands the Lord Mayor, Mr, Alderman 
Fowke, Col, Ven, and Col. A'lanwaring, to be de- 
livered up as guilty of Schifm and High Treafon. 
Concerning which I am commanded to tell you, 
as the Senfe of both Houfes of Parliament, That 
this Demand is againft the Privilege of Parliament, 

Of ENGLAND. 131 

two of them being Members of the Commons An, 18. Car, I, 
Houfe; moft difhonourable to the City, that the 
Lord Mayor of London fhould be fubjedled to the 
Violence of every bafe Fellow, be aflaulted, feized 
on, without due Procefs or Warrant, which the 
Law doth afford every private Man; and that you 
fhould be commanded to deliver up your Chief Ma- 
giftrate, and fuch eminent Members of the City 
to the King's Pleafure, only becaufe they have done 
their Duty in adhering to the Parliament, for the 
Defence of the Kingdom ; and that it is againft the 
Rules of Juftice that any Men fhould be impri- 
foned upon fuch a general Charge, when no Parti- 
culars are proved againft them ; and this you are 
to take Notice of, as the Anfwer to thofe Scandals, 
and to that Difgrace upon my Lord Mayor, and 
the other Members of the City. 

* And I am further to tell you, That there is 
little Caufe for his Majefty to make this Demand, 
confidering that he himfelf doth, by Force, keep 
away many accufed in Parliament ; as my Lord 
Digby* and many more impeached of High Trea- 
fon, befides divers other great Delinquents, that 
ftand charged there for heinous Crimes j all which, 
by Force, are kept from the due Proceedings and 
legal Trial of Parliament. 

4 It is alledged in this Anfwer, That my Lord 
Mayor > and thofe other Perfons named, are Counit- 
nancers of Brownijls and Anabaptijls^ and all Man- 
ner of Sectaries. To this I am commanded to fay, 
That hereof there is no Proof: It doth not appear 
that they give any fuch Countenance to Sectaries of 
any Kind whatfoever ; and if it did, his Majefty hath 
little Reafonto object it, while, notwithftanding the 
Profeflion he hath often made, That he will main- 
tain the Protejlant Reformed Religion, he doth in the 
mean Time raife an Army of Papifts ; who, by the 
Principles of their Religion, are bound, if Power 
be put into their Hands, to deftroy and utterly to 
root out the Proteftants, together with the Truth 
which they profefs. 

I 2 It 

132 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. It is affirmed, That Men's Per fans have been im- 
1641. prifonedy and their Houfes plundered^ becaufe they will 
* --"v ' not rebill again/1 his majejly. To this I am corn- 
January, ujj^ed to declare, That no Men's Houfes have been 
plundered by any Direction of the Parliament, but 
that they have been very careful to reftrain all fuch 
violent Courfes, fo far as they were able ; and that 
they have never committed any Man, but fuch as, 
by due Information, they conceived to be feditious 
Perfons, and like to trouble the Peace of the State. 
4 It is objected further. That the Property of the 
Subjeft is deftroyedy by taking away the twentieth Part 
by an arbitrary Power. To this they fay, That in 
that Ordinance it doth not require a twentieth Part, 
but doth limit the Afleflbrs that they fhall not go 
beyond a twentieth Part ; and that this is done by a 
Power derived from both Houfes of Parliament ; 
the Lords, who have an Hereditary Intereft in ma- 
king Laws in this Kingdom ; and the Commons, 
who are elected and chofen to reprefent the whole 
Body of the Commonalty, and truftcd for the Good 
of the People, whenever they fee Caufe to charge 
the Kingdom. And they fay further, That the fame 
Law, that did enable the two Houfes oT Parliament 
to raife Forces to maintain and defend the Safety of 
Religion, and of the Kingdom, doth likewife enable 
them to require. Contributions, whereby thofe. Forces 
may be maintained ; or elfe it were a vain Power 
to raife Forces, if they had not a Power likewife to 
maintain them in that Service for which they were 

* And to this Point I am commanded to add this 
further Anfwer, That there was little Reafon for' 
this to be objected on his Majefty's Behalf, when it 
is well known that, from the Subjects which are 
within the Power of his Army, his Majefty doth 
take the full yearly Value of their Lands, and in 
fome Cafes more ; that not only particular Houfes, 
but whole Towns, have been plundered by Com- 
mand and Defign ; and that, by Proclamations, Men 
are declared to forfeit all their Eftates, becaufe they 


Of E N G L A N D. 133 

will not obey arbitrary Commands ; and this is com- An. 
monly prac~tifed by his Majefty, and on his Part : 
And therefore there was little Reafon to charge the 
Parliament with fo neceflary and moderate a Con- 
tribution as the twentieth Part. 

* It is declared, That the King expeffs to be kept 
from Tumults and ^fronts. Upon which I am com- 
manded to obferve, That his Majefty' s Expreffions, 
in his Anfwer, tend to the making of a Divifion in 
this City, and to the raifmg of a Party which may 
make fome Difturbance in that orderly Government 
which is now eftablifhed ; both which will certainly 
prove equally deftructive to him and both Houfes 
of Parliament ; and more prejudicial to his quiet 
Abode here, than any Thing that hath ever been 
acted by the Houfes of Parliament, or the prefent 
Governors of the City. 

' They obferve further that, in this Anfwer, His 
Majefly doth profefs that he will feize upon the Eftaies 
of all that jhall contribute any Thing towards the 
Maintenance of the Parliament's Army^ and -will put 
them out of his Protection ; and, by his Minifters in 
foreign States, will take fuch Courfe that they may bt 
proceeded againjl as Enemies j that is, deftroyed and 
Ipoiled. To which the Lords and Commons do 
declare, That this is an Excefs of Rigour and In- 
juftice beyond all Example, that particular Men 
Ihould lofe their private Eftates here without Lav/ 
or judicial Proceeding ; and that our Prince, who 
owes Protection to the Kingdom as well as to par- 
ticular Perfons, fhould fuffer the Wealth thereof to 
be robbed and fpoiled by foreign States : Upon due 
Confideration whereof, they hope his Majefty will 
be induced by better Counfel to forbear the Execu- 
tion than that by which he hath been perfuaded to 
publifh fuch a Refolution. 

' Befides thefe Obfervatiors out of the Anfwer, 
I am to obferve one out of a Narrative that was re- 
ceived from the Common Council, that the King 
did declare, That he would fend fome MeJJengers here 
to obferve your Carriage in the City^ and what was. 
done amtjngjt you* The Parliament have juft Caufe 
13 to 

134 %be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. to doubt, that thefe will be Meflengers of Sedition 
and Trouble ; and therefore defire you to obferve 
them and find them out, and that they may know 

^^ ^ ^^ 

4 I am, for a Conclufion, to commend to your 
Confiderations, that you fee, by the Proceedings to 
which the King is drawn by the ill Counfel now 
about him, that Religion, the whole Kingdom, this 

S'orious City, and the Parliament, are all in great 
anger; that this Danger cannot be kept off, in all 
Likelihood, but by the Army that is now on Foot ; 
and that the Lords and Commons are fo far from 
being frighted by any Thing that is in this Anwer, 
that they have, for themfelves, and the Members 
of both Houfes, declared a further Contribution to- 
wards the Maintenance of this Army ; and cannot 
but hope and defire, that you that have {hewed fa 
jnuch good Affection, in the former Neceflities of 
the State, will be fenfible of your own, and of the 
Condition of the whole Kingdom j and add to that 
which you have already done fome further Contribu- 
tion, whereby this Army may be maintained for all 
your Safeties. 

At the End of every Period of this Speech, the Afr- 
plaufe was fo great, that he was fain to reft till Si- 
lencc was again made j and, at lajl, (the Company 
ready to be diffolved) after fome Paufe and Conjulta- 
lion with the Committee of Lords and Commons then 
frefentt and by their Direftion, Silence being made^ 
he clofed all with the Words following : 

* Worthy Citizens, you have underftood the Senfe 
of both Houfes of Parliament, concerning my Lord 
Mayor here, and thofe worthy Members of your 
City, that are demanded ; you have heard the Par- 
liament declare, That they will protect them in that 
which they have done by Direction of both Houfes ; 
and they expect that you fhould exprefs it yourfelves 
likewife, that if any Violence be offered to them, 
you will fecure and defend them with your uttermoft 
Force ; and you fhall always find, that this Protec- 

Of E N G L A N D. 135 

tion of the Parliament fhall not only extend to thefe, An. 18. Car. I. 
but to all others that have done any Thing by their l6 4 2> 
Command.' ^j^,^ 

Which Words were no fooner uttered, but the Citi- 
zens, with one joint Harmony of Minds and Voices^ 
gave fuch an declamation as would have drowned all 
the former, if they had been then breathing ; which y 
after a long Continuance, refolved itfelf into this more 
articulate and dijtincj Voice, We will live and die 
with them, We will live and die with them, and 
the like. 

So that in the managing of this Day's Work, God 
was fo pleafed to manifejl him/elf, that the Well-af- 
fetted went away not Jlrengthened only, but rejoicing ; 
and the Malignants (as they have been called) fame 
convinced, others filenced, many ajhamed, it fully 
appearing how little Power they had to anfwer their 
De 'fires of doing Mi f chief : Whilji, injlead of divi- 
ding the City, they were exceedingly united ; in/lead 
efa Dijjipation, thoufands were unexpectedly br ought ^ 
as it were, into an unthought-of AJJociation, to live 
and die in the Defence of thefe zealous and honourable 
AJfertors of their Peace and Liberties : All which we 
may fum up in that Triumph of the Man of GW, In 
the Thing wherein they dealt proudly, God was 
above them. 

The ill Reception the King's Anfwer to the City 
of London'?, Petition met with at the Common-Hall, 
occafioned his Majefty to fend, a few Days after, 
the following Letter and Declaration to the Sheriffs. 

Trujiy and Well-beloved, we greet you well, 

* \7[7"-k rece ' vec ^ a Petition lately from the Al- TheKin g'Let- 
' V V dermen and Common Council of Wr^ t J f tl jJ2" 

* City of London, by the Hands of Perfons entrufted Squiring diem' 

* by them for the Delivery, who found fuch a Re- to publi/h his 

* ception from us, as well manifefted our Regard to [ r e e r goijlg An " 

* that Body which fent them : Though we well w * 

* knew by whom that Petition was framed, and 

' where 

136 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS. Car. i. c where perufed and examined before it was appro- 

1642. ved by thole from whom it feemed to be fent, yet 

h -''" *J i we we re fo willing to enter into a Correfpondencc 

January. t w j t ^ t ^ at our City, and to receive any Addrefs 

* and Application from them, according to that In- 

* vita io:i we had given by our late Proclamation ; 

* and were fo glad to find that there was yet fome 
' Hopes they would look to the Peace and Happi- 
4 nefs of that City, and at laft fever themfelves 

* from any Faction or Dependence, which might 

* infenfibly involve them in tbofe Calamities they 

* did not forefee j that we returned fuch a gracious 

* Anfwer thereunto, fo full of Candour and Affec- 
' tion, that the meaneft Inhabitant of that our City, 
4 if he carefully confider the fame, will find himfelf 

* concerned in it, and that we have had an efpecial 

* Care of his Particular. 

' With this Anfwer of ours we fent a Servant of 
' our own, in the Company of thofe who had been 

* fo well ufed here, to require and fee that it might 

* be communicated to the whole Body of that our 

* City ; not doubting but that both it, and the Bring- 
< er, fhould receive fuch Entertainment there, as 

* might manifeft their due Regard of us, and of 

* our Affection to them : But, to our great Won- 

* der, we find that, after ten Days Attendance, and! 

* fuffering a ridiculous Pamphlet to be publifhed in 

* our Name, as if we retracted our former Refolu- 

* tions, (which Pamphlet we have caufed to be 

* burned by the Hand of the Hangman, as we alfo 
' require you to fee done) inftead of that Admiflion 

* we expected to our Meiienger and Meflage, Guards 

* of armed Men have been brought to keep our 

* good Subjects, to whom that our Anfwer was di-> 

* reeled, from being preient at the Reading there- 
' of ; and Speeches have been made by Strangers, 
' (who have been admitted to the City Councils, 
' contrary to the Freedom and Cuftom of thofe 
' Meetings) to blaft our faid Anfwer, and to difho- 
' nour and (lander us ; which if our good Subjects 
there fhall fuffer, we fiiall be much difcouraged 

' in 

Of E N G L A N D 137 

in our defired Correfpondence with that our City, An - ? Car * 
' and fo, by the Cunning and Power of thofe Incen- ^ , / 
' diaries, mentioned in our Anfwer, Alderman Pen- 

* nington, (who to fhew his great Loyalty to us, 

* and his Fitnefs to be Chief Magiftrate of fuch a 
City, being informed that a defperate Perfon there 
c faid, That he hoped Jhortly to -wajh his Hands in our 

* Blood, refufed to fend any Warrant, or to give 
any Direction to any Officer, for his Apprehen- 
' fion) Ven-t Fowke^ and Mamuarlng^ who have 

* plunged that our City into fuch unfpeakable Cala- 

* mities, in which they would ftill keep it to cure 

* their own defperate Condition, our good Subjects 

* there are not fuffered to receive our gracious An- 

* fwer to that Petition. 

< We have therefore thought fit to write thefe 

* our Letters to you, requiring you, the Sheriffs of 
' our faid City, to take Care for the publifhing that 

* our Anfwer (which we herewith fend you) to our 

* good Subjects of that our City : And our Pleafure 
' is, That you the Matters and Wardens of the 
6 feveral Companies of our faid City forthwith fum- 
' mon all the Members of your feveral Companies, 
4 with all the Freemen and Apprentices (whofe 
c Hopes and Interefts are fo much blafted in thefe 
6 general Diffractions) belonging thereunto, to ap- 
' pear at their feveral Halls j where you fhall caufe 
' our faid Anfwer, together with thefe our Letters, 

* to be publickly read ; that all our good Subjects 
6 may clearly understand how far we have been from 
4 begetting, how far we are from continuing or 
6 nourifhing, thefe unnatural Civil Diflentions ; and 
' how much it is in their own Power to remove the 
' prefent Preffures, and to eftablifli the future Hap- 
' pinefs and Glory of that famous City ; and may 
' ferioufly weigh every Part of that our Anfwer, 
f as well that which carries Caution in it for the 
' future, as Pardon for what is paft : For aflure 

* yourfelves, for the Time to come, we (hall pro- 

* ceed with all Severity againft fuch who fhall in- 

* cur the Penalty of the Law, in thofe Points, of 

* which we have given them fo fair a Warning in 

* our 

138 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS. Car. I. c our faid Anfwer : And whofoever (hall not behave 
himfelf like a good Subject in this our Kingdom, 
< flj a |] notj jf we can h e ip j t> receive the Benefit 
4 ^^ Advantage of being our Subject in any other ; 
' but all foreign Princes fhall know, that as fuch Per- 

* fon hath parted with his Loyalty to us, fo he mull 
4 not hope for any Security by us ; and, to that Pur- 

* pofe, we fhall henceforward have a very inquifitive 

* Eye upon the Actions of all our Subjects, that 

* fome Example may be made, how eafy it is for us 

* to punifh their Difloyakies abroad, who, for a 

* Time, may avoid our Juftice at home. 

* And, to the End that none of our good Sub- 
' je6ls of that our City may think themfelves bound 
' to obey any of the Orders or Commands of the 

* pretended Lord Mayor, whom we have and do 
' flill accufe of High Treafon, and confpiring to take 

* our Life from us, it is well known to thole Citi- 

* zens, who underftand the Charter of that City, (fo 

* amply granted by our Royal Progenitors, and fo 
' gracioufly confirmed by us, and of which we pre- 

* fume our good Subjects there do (till defire to re- 

* ceive the Benefit) that the faid Ifaac Pennington 

* was never regularly elected, or lawfully admitted, 
' to the Office of Lord Mayor of that our City ; that 
c in Truth Alderman Cordwett was, by the Plurality 
' of Voices, chofen ; and that this Map was never 

* prefented to, or admitted by us, in fuch Manner 
' as is prefcribed by their Charter ; neither had that 
' J^ge, wno piefumed to fwear him, any more 

* Colour of Law or Authority to adminifter fuch 

* an Oath to him, than he hath to do the fame To- 
' morrow to any other Alderman of the City : And 
' we do therefore hereby declare the faid Ifaac Pen- 

* nington not to be Mayor of that our City of 
' London^ and to have no lawful Authority to exer- 
' cife the fame ; and that our good Subjects of that 

* our City ought not to fubmit to any Orders, Di- 
' regions, or Commands, which fhall ifiue from him 

* as Lord Mayor of that our City j but that the fame 

* are void, and of none ErTeft. 


Of E N G L A N D. 139 

e And we do once more require you the Sheriffs An. 18. Car. I. 
' of our faid City, and all other the Magiftrates of 
4 the fame, in which all our good Subjects of that 
4 City will aflift you, that you caufe the faid Ifaac 

* Pennington, Ven, Fowke, and Man-waring, to be 

* apprehended and committed to fafe Cuftody ; that 
4 we may proceed againft them as guilty of High 

* Treafon, and as the principal Authors of thofe Ca- 
' lamities which are now fo heavy upon our poor 
4 Subjects of that City ; which, if not fuddenly re- 
4 medied, will in a fhort Time utterly confound a 
4 Place and a People, lately of fo flourifhing an Efti- 
4 mation in all the Parts of Chriftendom. 

' And whereas we are informed that one Brown, 

* a Woodmonger, Titchborne, a Linendraper, and 
4 one Harvey, a Silkman, have exercifed great In- 
4 folencies and Outrages in that our City ; and when 

* many of our good Subjects there have affem- 
4 bled together, in a peaceable and modeft Manner, 
4 to confult about the Peace and Welfare of that City, 

* the faid mutinous and feditious Perfons have pre^ 

* fumed to lead Multitudes of armed Men againft 
4 them ; and, by fuch Force, have beaten, wounded, 
4 and killed our good Subjeds : Our Will and Plea- 
4 fure is, That if the faid Brown, Titcbborne, and 
4 Harvey, or either of them, fhall fo far neglect our 
4 gracious Offer of Pardon, as frill to engage them- 

* felves in thofe unwarrantable and feditious Courfes, 

* you, our Sheriffs of London, do raife Power to 
4 fupprefs the faid Force j and that you, and all our 
4 Minifters of Juftice, ufe your utmoft Means to 

* apprehend the faid Perfons, and to bring them to 
4 condign Punifhment : And we do hereby declare, 
4 That it fhall be lawful for any of our loving Sub- 
4 jets to refift and oppofe the faid Perfons, if they 

* fhall hereafter, in fuch a warlike Mannner, en- 

* deavour to moleft them, as they would do Rebels 
4 and Traitors. 

4 And we hope that all our good Subjects of that 
4 our much -injured City of London do take Notice 
c of our Grace and Favour towards them, in our 

4 fo 

140 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. ' fo freely paffing by and pardoning the Offences 

1642. < th ere committed againft us, as we have offered by 

C T~ V- """'' ' our Proclamation and our late Anfwer ; and of 

our very earned Defire to be with them, and to 

c refide amongft them for their Comfort, Support, 

' and Protection ; if they (hall, by firft providing 

' for their own Security, in fuch Manner as we 

* have directed them in our late Anfwer, give us an 

* Inftance that we may be fafe there too ; and that 
' they do likewife obferve, that, being by fuch Vio- 

* lence kept from them, we have done our utmofl 
' Endeavour to continue and advance the decayed 

* Trading of that our City, by permitting and en- 
' couraging all Refort and Traffick thither ; and 
' therefore if, by the flopping of Carriages, and 

* feizing Commodities by other Men, the Com- 
' merce and Correfpondence be broken between 
' that Place and our good Subjects of other Counties, 
' they will impute that Mifchief to the true Authors 
' of it, and look upon us only as not able to help 

' Do but your Duties, and this Cloud, which 
''threatens a prefent Confufion, will quickly vanifh 
' away ; and you- will enjoy all the Bleffings of a 

* happy Nation, to the which no Endeavour of ours 

* (hall be wanting.' 

Givtn at our Court at Oxford, this i"]tb Day of 
January, 1642. 


This Paflage of the King's Letter feems to allude to a Declara- 
tion of Parliament made the qth of this Month, whereby it was 
ordained, That no Ships whatfoever fliould, from thenceforth, make 
any Voyage for the fetching ot CCM!S or Salt from Nevucaftlc, S*n- 
derlar.d, or Blytbc j or carrying of Corn, or other Provillon of 
Victual, untill the Town of Nnacaftle fhould be freed from the 
Forces there raifed, or maintained, againft the Parliameut ; and that 
Town be reduced into fuch Hands, and Condition, as ihould d*-' 
clare themfelvc* for King and Parliament. And that if any Ship 
fhould, at any Time after the firft of February then next coming, 
bring into any Port or Place of this Kingdom, any Coals or Salt la- 
den from Niwcajlle, Sundcrland, or Blytbc, or any of them, untill 
further Order be taken by both Houfes of Parliament, that every 
fuch Ship, and the Matter and Sailors in the fame, ftould be fci/cd 
upon, and frayed in fuch Port and Place where they come in, untill 
the two Houfes of Parliament, being thereof infoimcd, fhculd tske 
further Order and Direction therein.' 

Of E N G LAND. 141 

The Sheriffs having acquainted both Houfes of An, 18. Car. I. 
their Receipt of the foregoing Letter from the King, ^**- 
the feveral Companies were forbid to afiemble at *"""" v- *; 
their Halls according to his Majefty's Order, and ' am 
the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs were defired to take 
fpecial Care to prevent the fame : And fome Ma- Which the Par- 
fters of Companies, that were chief Promoters 
oppofing this Order of Parliament, were taken into 

Thus much for the Proceedings of the Com- 
mittees at the Guildhall in London^ and the Confe- 

quences of that Meeting : It is now high Time 

to return, and fee what other Bufinefs was doing 
at Weftminfter. 

On the 1 6th of this Month the Commons made 
an Order, That no Carriers, Waggoners, Carts, 
or Waggons, or Horfes laden with any Commo-vifions from o- 
dities whatfoever, fhould be permitted hereafter to ing to the King's 
go to Oxford^ or any Part of the King's Army, Army> " fi 
with any Manner of Provifions, without the fpe- 
cial Licenfe of that Houfe : And in cafe of Dif- 
obedience to fuch Order, their Perfons and Goods 
fhould be feized upon, and kept in fafe Cuftody. 
And that diligent Search be made for any Monies 
that may be carried, or conveyed, by any Perfon to 
Oxford : Alfo another Order, That if any Agent, 
or Servant, to any Perfon bearing Arms againft the 
Parliament, fhould prefume to come to Wejlmlnfler^ 
or refide about London^ they mould be forthwith 
apprehended as Spies, and proceeded againft accord- 

About this Time the King having iflued out a 
Proclamation for adjouring all the Courts of Juftice, 
the next Term, from London and Wefiminfter to T h e K ; ng 3d- 
Oxford^ this was thought fo prejudicial to the Pub- joums the Ter 
Jic, that the Parliament forbad the Officers be- t 
longing to the faid fevera! Courts to obey this Pro- 
clamation, or the King's Letters fent to the princi- 
pal Perfons concerned in them. However, at the 
fame Time, they thought fit to fend a Petition to 


142 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS. Car. I. his Majefty, ofFering Reafons againft the faid Re- 
moval, and praying that the King would revoke* 
j^^T"^ his Orders therein : To this the Lords received an 
Anfwer, which was read in their Houfe, on the i8th 
of this Month, and was to this Effect : b 

His Majefty's < T TIS Majefty hath ferioufly weighed the Rea- 
Reafcns for fo t J--^ fonSj prefented unto him by both Houfes of 

Parliament, to induce his Majefty to revoke his 

* late Proclamation for the adjourning of the Term, 
' and returns this Anfwer : 

' That the Lord- Keeper of the Great Seal of 

* England being, in regard of his Majefty's mod 
' important Affairs, neceffarily to attend his Maje- 

* fty, his Majefty hath likewife appointed his High 
6 Court of Chancery to be held in the Place where 

* his Majefty refides ; that fo his Subjects may have 

* their Caufes determined by the Supreme Judge of 
that Court : But is well content that the Mafters of 

* the Chancery, that are Afiiftants to the Houfe of 
' Peers, (hall, notwithftanding his faid Proclama- 
' tion, continue their Attendance upon that Houfe 

* where they are Afliftants. 

4 For his Court of Wards, upon which fo eflcn- 
c tial a Part of his Majefty's Revenue depends, it 

* concerned him to draw the fame to him ; fmce, 
' being at London, it will prove of no Advantage or 
6 Supply to his Majefty's Occafions, by reafon of 

* the Stops there of all Money from coming to him : 
And therefore he {hall expecl the Prefence of the 
' Council of that Court here, the Time of the Term 

* being fo fhort that they may fpeedily return again 

* to the Service of the Houfes, who have not ufed 

* to deny their Members Leave, for fo mort a Time, 

* to attend his Majefty's Service, to which by Lavr 
' they are bound ; befides that his Majefty doubts 

* not but he may, for a convenient Time, upon 

* prefling and urgent Occafions, efpecially for the 


t> From tbe Lords Journal* : This cf the King is omitted 
by Rujhwortb and HuJlanJt, though the following Ordinance, in Re- 
ply to it, is inferred in both thofc Collections. 

Of ENGLAND. 143 

1 Difcharge of another neeeflary Duty, difpenfe with A 

* a Peer's Attendance upon the Houfe, without any 
Breach of Privilege, feeing it hath not been denied 

* in former Parliaments. 

' For the Danger of his Majefty's Subjects in their 
' Paflage, by reafon of the feveral Armies, his Ma- 
' jefty doth not know that they are to pafs through 
c more Armies to his City of Oxford^ than they 

* muft to his City of London; or that the Courts of 
' Juftice cannot proceed with the fame Freedom and 
' Liberty where his Majefty's Army is, as where 
' there is an Army againft him ; but his Majefty will 
take Care that his good Subjects (hall no way fuffer 
5 by his Army here, which he can, by no Means, 
' undertake for the other Army at London. 

' For the Records of the feveral Courts, his Ma- 
c jefty expects and requires Obedience from the Of- 
' fleers thereof, according to his Proclamation ; as no 
4 doubt his Subjects will take Care for the particular 

* Evidences that concern themfelves ; and for the 
' fafe Carriage and Conveyance of both, that they 

* fuffer not, in the leaft Degree, by his Majefty's 
' Army, his Majefty will furely provide ; neither 
' can the Prejudice be great to his Subjects, the 

* Courts of Equity being no further removed from 
' the Courts of Law. 

' The Reafon of his Majefty's Adjournment of 
c the Courts of Law till Craftino Purijicationis, is 

* for the great Danger his good Subjects muft un- 

* dergo by pafiing through the Armies : And his 
' Majefty much fears his good Subjects will have 
' little Benefit by their legal Proceedings, whilft his 
' Majefty and the Law are no better able to defend 
' one another. 

For thefe Reafons, and thofe exprefled in his 

* Proclamation, his Majefty can by no Means re- 
' voke his faid Proclamation ; but it being his un- 
1 doubted Right to adjourn or remove the Terms to 
c what Place he pleafes, if he hath yet any undoubt- 

* ed Right, his Majefty expects Obedience to his 
' faid Proclamation and to every Part thereof.' 


144- e flx Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. This Anfwer of the King's was ordered to be 
communicated to the Commons : And, a few Days 
Houfes patted the following Ordinance, 
to juftify their Conduct in not fuffering the Adjourn- 
ment of the Courts to Oxford. 

An Ordinance of < rr] H E Lords and Commons having taken into 
biddin^n ''obe- ' A their f er ' us Confideration a Proclamation, 
dience to^the ' dated at Oxford the 27th of December laft, for 
King's Proda- < the adjourning of the Court of Chancery, the 
' cht Court of Wards and Liveries, the Duchy of 
' Lancafter, the Court of Requefts, the Receipt of 

* his Majefty 's Exchequer, and of the Firft Fruits 

* and Tenths, from the City of Weftminjler unto 

* the City of Oxford; and for adjourning the Courts 

* of King's Bench, Common Pleas, and Exchequer, 
' unto the Return Craftino Purifications, found it to 

* tend much to the Prejudice of the Commonwealth 
' to remove the faid Courts and Receipts to Oxford^ 

* where the Body of an Army, raifed againft the 
' Parliament and the Authority thereof, now re- 

* fides ; and therefore, in Performance of the Duty 

* and Truft repofed in them by the Kingdom, whom 

* they reprefent, did exhibit their humble Advice and 

* Petition to his Majefty, with the Reafons indu- 

* cing them thereunto, to revoke the faid Procla- 
' mation ; and, with all Humility, defiied that the 

* faid Courts and Receipts might be kept at their fe- 

* veral ufual Places and Times, and not at Oxford : 
c But his Majefty, giving ftill more Credit to the 
' Suggeftions of thofe wicked and malignant Per- 

* fons that yet encompafs him, than to his higheft 

* and moft faithful Council, returned his negative 

* Anfwer, and exprefly denied to repeal this Procla- 
' mation : 

' Now, the Lords and Commons clearly difcover- 
' ing the great Inconveniences and Mifchiefs that 

* neceflarily muft happen to his Majefty's moft 

* faithful and beft-afTecled Subjects, in cafe thofe 

* Courts and Receipts be removed to Oxford; where 
' fuch of them as have Occafion to attend, cannot, 

* with 

Of E N G L A N D. 145 

' with any Safety to their Perfons and Eftates, repair; An. 18. Car. r. 
his Majefty having, in effeft, declared all Perfons l6 * 4 - 
' that have contributed any thing in Aid or Defence '~i~u~ ~~* 
' of the Parliament, and the Privileges thereof, to 

* be guilty of High Treafon ; and, in purfuance 
' thereof, by the Force and Power of the Army 
' there remaining, have feized upon many of their 
' Perfons, where they are detained Prifoners, and 
' fome proceeded againft as Traitors ; having no- 
' thing laid to their Charge but their affifting the 

* Parliament, and oppofing that Army raifed to de- 
' firoy it and the Kingdom : And finding that di- 

* vers, both Judges and others, whofe Attendance 
' upon the faid Courts and Receipts will be necef- 

* fary, confift of Perfons that are Members and 
' Afllftants to both Houfes of Parliament, whofe 

* Prefence at this Time cannot be fpared j and that 
' if the Records, neceflary to be ufed in the faid 

* Courts, fhould be removed from the ufual Places 

* towards Oxford, in a Time when two Armies are 

* refiding near thereabouts, it would endanger the 
' Mifcarriage of them ; which might ruin many 
* of his Majefty's Subjects, whofe Eftates depend 
c thereupon : And that fo long a Diftance between, 

* the faid Courts of Law and Equity, which have 

* neceflary Dependence one upon another, would 

* prove exceeding prejudicial to many, thought it 

* their Duty, in Difcharge of the Truft repofed in. 

* them by the Commonwealth, as much as in 

* them liet-h, to preven t the faid Inconveniences : 
' And therefore do hereby declare and order, That 
' no Judge, Minifter, or other Perfon belonging to 

* any of the faid Courts or Receipts, (hall repair to 

* the faid City of Oxford; or do or execute any 

* thing belonging to the faid Offices and Employ- 
ments, but in Places ufual for the doing and exe- 

* cuting thereof: And that no Member of, or Af- 
' fiftant to, any of the two Houfes of Parliament, 

* that have any Place, Office, or Employment, 

* about any of the faid Courts or Receipts, fhall 
' prefume to depart from their Attendance on Par- 

* liament, without the fpecial Leave of that Houfe 

VOL. XII. K * where- 

146 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I.* whereof they are Members or Aluftants : And that 

' no Perfon fhall remove, or caufe to be removed, 

T~ W c any Records or Writings of any of the faid Courts or 

' ' Receipts to or towards the City of Oxford. And 

4 the Lords and Commons do declare, That if any 

* Perfon fhall difobey this Order, they will proceed 

* againft them as wilful Contemners of the Autho- 
' rity of Parliament, and Difturbers of the Peace of 
' the Kingdom. 

* And it is further declared and ordered by the faid 

* Lords and Commons, That no Judgment, De- 

* cree, Order, and Proceedings whatfoever, that 

* fhall be given, made, or had, by or in any of the 

* faid Courts or Receipts, out of the ufual Places 

* where the faid Courts and Receipts have been ac- 
' cuftomed to be held and kept, fhall bind any Per- 

* fon that fhall or may be concerned therein, with- 

* out his own voluntary Confent : And that the faid 

* Lords and Commons will, by the Authority of 

* both Houfes of Parliament, protect and keep in- 

* demnified all Judges, Officers, and other Perlbns, 

* from any Damage or Inconvenience that may or 
' can happen to them for yielding Obedience to this, 

* Ordinance.' 

The Commons had been, all the latter End of 
this Month, fully employed in fettling the feveral 
Articles, by way of Propofitions, to be prefented to 
the King, for a gener..! Pacification, which had been 
fenf down to them from the Lords. Alter feveral 
Conferences, Altercations, and Emendations made 
by both Houfes, and ftveral Divifions on the prin- 
cipal Heads by the latter, they were at laft finifhed 
on the 2jth. And a Committee, confiding of four 
Lords and eight Commoners, was appointed to go 
to Oxford, for whom a Letter of Safe Conduct was 
defired. The King immediately returned one, and, 
on the firft Day of February* the following Propofi- 
tions were prefented to his Majefty, at Oxford^ by 
the Parliament's Commiffioners appointed for that 
Purpofe. Their Titles and Names were, the Earls 
of Northumberland^ Pembroke? Saru/n } and Holland ; 


Of E N G L A N D. 147 

for the Commons, the Lords IVenman and Dungar- An. 18. Car. 
i)on^ Sir John Holland, Sir JVilliam Litton^ the Hon. 
William Pierpoint, Buljirode Wbitlocke^ Edmund 
Waller > and Richard Win-wood^ Efqrs. 

Lords and Csmmons in Parliament ajjembled^ ten- 
dered unto his Majejly^ Feb. i, 1642. 

' "\T 7"E your Majefty's moft humble and faith- The Parli 
' VV ful Subjefts, the Lords and Commons in ment ' s P 
Parliament aflembled, having in our Thoughts the p n f j nt f d r t P ea t c h e ; 
e Glory of God, your Majefty's Honour, and the King at Oxford. 

* Profperity of your People ; and being moft grie- 
' voufly afflicted with the prefling Miferies and Ca- 
' Jamities which have overwhelmed your two King- 

* doms of England and Ireland^ fince your Majefty 
' hath, by the Perfuafion of evil Counfellors, withr 

* drawn yourfelf from the Parliament, raifed an 

* Army againft it, and, by Force thereof, protected 
4 Delinquents from the Juftice of it ; conftraining 
' us to take Arms for the Defence of our Religion, 
' Laws, Liberties, Privileges of Parliament, and for 

* the Sitting of the Parliament in Safety ; which 
' Fears and Dangers are continued and increafed by 
' the raifing, drawing together, and arming of great 
' Numbers of Papifts under the Command of the 

* Earl of Newca/lle ; likewife by making the Lord 

* Herbert of Ragland, and other known Papifts, 

* Commanders of great Forces ; whereby many 

* grievous Oppreffions, Rapines, and Cruelties have 

* been, and are daily, exerciied upon the Perfons and 
' Eftates of your People ; much innocent Blood hath 
4 been fpilt, and the Papifts have attained Means of 
' attempting, with Hopes of effecting, their mifchie- 
' vous Defign of rooting out the Reformed Religion, 

* and deftroying the Profefibrs thereof. In the ten- 
' der Senfe and Companion of thefe Evils, under 
' which your People and Kingdom lie, (according 
4 to the Duty which we owe to God, your Maje- 
' fty, and the Kingdom for which we are trufted) 
f do moft earneftly defire that an End may be put 

K 2 4 to 

148 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. c to thefe great Diftempers and DiftracTions, for 

164*. t tne preventing of that Defolation which doth 

*^TT V ~~ J * threaten all your Majeftv's Dominions ; and as 

e ruary, , we have rendered, and ftill are ready to render, 

* to your Majefty, that Subjection, Obedience, and 
' Service, which we owe unto you ; fo we moft 

* humbly befeech your Majefty to remove the 
' Caufes of this War, and to vouchfafe us that 

* Peace and Protection which we and our Anceftors 
' have formerly enjoyed under your Majefty and 
' your Royal Predeceflbrs, and gracioufly to accept 

* and grant thefe our moft humble Defires and Pro- 
' pofitions : 

I. * That your Majefty will be pleafed to difband 
' your Armies, as we likewife (hall be ready to dif- 
' band all thofe Forces which we have raifed ; and 
' that you will be pleafed to return to your Parlia- 
4 jnent. 

II. c That you will leave Delinquents to a legal 

* Trial, and Judgment of Parliament. 

III. * That the Papifts may not only be difbanded, 
' but difarmed according to Law. 

IV. ' That your Majefty will be pleafed to give 

* your Royal Aflent untd the Bill for taking away 

* fuperftittous Innovations : To the Bill for the utter 

* abolifhing and taking away of all Archbifhops, 
4 Bifhops, their Chancellors and Commiflaries, 
' Deans, Sub-Deans, Deans and Chapters, Archdea- 
' cons, Canons, and Prebendaries, and all Chaun- 

* ters, Chancellors, Treafurers, Sub-Treafurers, 

* Succentors, and Sacrifts ; and all Vicars Choral, 
' Choirifters, old Vicars and new Vicars of any Ca- 
' thedral or Collegiate Church, and all other their 

* Under- Officers out of the Church of England : 
' To the Bill ngainft fcandalous Minifters : To the 

* Bill againft Pluralities : And to the Bill for Con - 
' fultation to be had with Godly, Religious, and 

* Learned Divines. That your Majefty will be plca- 
e fed to promifc to pafs fuch other good Bills for 

* fettling of Church-Government, as, upon Con- 
' fultation with the Aflembly of the faid Divines, 


Of E N G L A N D. 149 

< {hall be refolved on by both Houfes of Parliament, An. 18. Car. f. 

* and, by them, be prefented to your Majefty. 

V. * That your Majefty having exprefled, in 

* your Anfwer to the Nineteen Propofitions of both 

* Houfes of Parliament, an hearty Affe&ion and 

* Intention for the rooting out of Popery out of 
this Kingdom ; and that if both the Houfes of Par- 

* liament can yet find a more effedtual Courfe to 

* difable Jefuits, Priefts, and Popifh Recufants, from 

* difturbing the State or eluding the Laws, that you 
' would willingly give your Confent unto it j that 
' you would be gracioufly pleafed, for the better 

* Difcovery and fpeedier Convidtion of Recufants, 
that an Oath may be eftablifhed by At of Par- 
' liament, to be adminiftered in fuch Manner as by 
both Houfes fhall be agreed on ; wherein they fhall 
' abjure and renounce the Pope's Supremacy, the 

* Doctrine of Tranfubftantiation, Purgatory, wor- 

* fhipping of the confecrated Hoft, Crucifixes, and 
' Images ; and the refufing the faid Oath, being 
' tendered in fuch Manner as fhall be appointed by 
Adi: of Parliament, (hall be a fufficient Convic- 

* tion, in Law, of Recufancy. And that your Ma- 

* jefty will be gracioufly pleafed to give your Royal 

* AfTent unto a Bill for the Education of the Chil- 
dren of Papifts, by Proteftants, in the Proteftant 
Religion. That for the more effectual Execution 
' of the Laws againft Popifh Recufants, your Ma- 

* jefty will be pleafed to confent to a Bill for the 
' true levying of the Penalties againft them ; and 

* that the fame Penalties may be levied and difpofed 

* of in fuch Manner as both Houfes of Parliament 
' (hall agree on, fo as your Majefty be at no Lofs. 
' And likewife to a Bill, whereby the Practice of 

* Papifts againft the State may be prevented, and 

* the Laws againft them duly executed. 

VI. That the Earl of Brtftol may be removed 
' from your Majefty's Cpunfels ; and that both he 
4 and the Lord Herbert, eldeft Son to the Earl of 

* Worcefttr^ may likewife be reftrained from coming 
' within the Verge of the Court j and that they 

K 3 may 

150 The Parliamentary HISTORY 
An. 18. Car. I.' may not bear any Office, or have any Employ 
ments, concerning the State or Commonwealth. 

VII. * That your Majefty will be gracioufly 

* pleafed, by Acl of Parliament, to fettle the Mi- 
' litia, both by Sea and Land, and alfo the Forts 

* and Ports of the Kingdom, in fuch a Manner as 
' fhall be agreed on by both Houfes. 

VIII. That your Majefty will be pleafed, by 
' your Letters Patent, to make Sir John Bramfton 

* Chief Juftice of your Court of King's Bench ; 

* TPilliam Lentball^ Efq; the now Speaker of the 
' Commons Houfe, Mafter of the Rolls ; and to 

* continue the Lord Chief Juftice Bankes Chief Ju- 

* ftice of the Court of Common Pleas ; and like wife 
' to make Mr. Serjeant IVylde Chief Baron of your 
' Court of Exchequer ; and that Mr. Juftice Bacon 

* may be continued, and Mr. Serjeant Rolle and Mr. 

* Serjeant Atkins made Juftices of the King's Bench; 
that Mr. Juftice Reeves and Mr. Juftice Fofler 

* may be continued, and Mr. Serjeant Pbeafant 

* made one of the Juftices of your Court of Com- 
mon Pleas ; that Mr. Serjeant Crefwell^ Mr. Sa- 
' muel Brown, and Mr. John Pule/ton may be Ba- 
' rons of the Exchequer ; and that all thefe, and all 
' the Judges of the fame Courts for the Time to 

* come, may hold their Places, by Letters Patent 
' under the Great Seal, quamdiu fe bent gejjerint\ 

* and that the feveral Perfons, not before named, 

* that do hold any of thefe Places before mentioned, 
' may be removed^ 

IX. ' That all fuch Perfons as have been put out 
c of the Commifllon of Peace, or Oyer and Termi- 
' ner, or from being Cujlodes Rotitlorum^ fince the 
' firft Day of April > 1642, other than fuch as were 
' put out by Defire of both or either of the Houfes 

* of Parliament, may again be put into thofe Com- 
' miffions and Offices ; and that fuch Perfons may 
' be put out of thofe Commiffions and Offices as 
c fhall be excepted againft by both Houfes of Parlia- 

* ment. 

X. ' That your Majefty will be pleafed to pafs 

* the Bill now prefenteil to your Majefty , to vindi- 

* catc 

Of E N G L A N D. 151 

cate and fecure the Privileges of Parliament from An* 18. Car 

* the ill Confequence of the late Precedent, in the 164*- 

' Charge and Proceeding againft the Lord Kimbol- Fe ^ u 7ry7 

* /<?, now Earl of Manche/ier, and the five Mem- 
' bers of the Houfe of Commons. 

XI. * That your Majefty's Royal Affent may be 

* given unto fuch Acts, as {hall be advifed by both 
' Houfcs of Parliament for the fatisfying and paying 
6 the Debts and Damages, wherein the two Houfes 

* of Parliament have engaged the Public Faith of 
' the Kingdom. 

XII. That your Majefty will be pleafed, ac- 
' cording to a gracious Anfwer heretofore received 
' from you, to enter into a more ftricl Alliance with 
c the States of the United Provinces, and other 
' Neighbour Princes and States of the Proteftant 
' Religion, for the Defence and Maintenance there- 
c of againft all Defigns and Attempts of the Popifh 
' and Jefuitical Faction to fubvert and fupprefs it ; 
' whereby your Subjects may hope to be free from 
' the Mifchiefs which this Kingdom hath endured, 
' through the Power which fome of that Party have 

* had in your Councils, and will be much encou- 

* raged, in a Parliamentary Way, for your Aid and 
f Afliftance, in reftoring your Royal Sifter and the 

* Prince Elector to thofe Dignities and Dominions 
which belong unto them, and the relieving the 
' other Proteftant Princes who have fuffered in the 

* fame Caufe. 

XIII. * That, in the General Pardon which your 
' Majefty hath been pleafed to offer to your Sub- 
' jects, all Offences and Mifdemeanors committed 

* before the loth of January, 1641, which have 

* been, or fhall be, queftioned or proceeded againft 
1 in Parliament, upon Complaint in the Houfe of 
' Commons, before the loth of "January^ 16431 
e fhall be excepted ; which Offences and Mifde- 
' meanors fhall, neverthelefs, be taken and adjudged 
' to be fully difcharged againft all other inferior 

* Courts. That likewife there fhall be an Excep- 
' tion of all Offences committed by any Perfon, or 

* Perfons, which hath, or have, had any Hand or 

< Prac- 

152 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS. Car. I.* tice in the Rebellion of Ireland ; which hath, or 

1642. t have, given any Connie), Afliftance, or Encou- 

* IT* ^ ' ragement to the Rebels there, for the Maintenance 

ruary * of that Rebellion ; as likewife the Exception of Wil- 

' Ham Earl of Newca/fle^ and George Lord Digby. 

XIV. ' That your Majefty will be pleafed to re- 
c ftore fuch Members of either Houfe of Parliament 

* to their feveral Places of Services and Employ- 

* ment, out of which they have been put fmce the 

* Beginning of this Parliament; that they may re- 
' ceive Satisfaction and Reparation for thofe Places, 

* and for the Profits which they have loft by fuch Re- 
' movals, upon the Petition of both Houfes of Par- 

* liament ; and that all others may be reftored to 

* their Offices and Employments, who have been 

* put out of the fame upon any Difpleafure concei- 
' ved againft them for any Afliftance given to both 

* Houfes of Parliament, or obeying their Commands ; 
' or forbearing to leave their Attendance upon the 
Parliament without Licence ; or for any other Oc- 
' cafion arifing from thefe unhappy Differences be- 

* twixt your Majefty and both Houfes of Parliament, 

* upon the like Petition of both Houfes. 

* Thefe Things being granted and performed, as 

* it hath always been our hearty Prayer, fo fhall 
< we be enabled to make it our hopeful Enuea- 
' vour, that your Majefty and your People may 
4 enjoy the Bleflings of Peace, Truth, and Juftice ; 

* the Royalty and Greatnefs of your Throne may 

* be fupported by the loyal and bountiful Affec- 
' tions of your People ; their Liberties and Pri- 

* vileges maintained by your Majefty's Protection 
' and Juftice ; and this public Honour and Hap- 

* pinefs of your Majefty and all your Dominions, 

* communicated to other Churches and States of 

* your Alliance ; and be derived to your Royal Po- 
' fterity and the future Generations in this Kingdom 
' for ever/ 

Mr. Wbitltckit Mr. Wbitlocke, one of the Commiflioners above- 
mentioned, gives us the following Particulars rela- 
ting to this remarkable Embafly : They had 

4 their 

Of E N G L A N D. 153 

ibeir firft Accefs to the King in the Garden of An. 18. Car.?. 
Chrijl '-Church, where he was walking with the 
Prince, and divers other Lords attending him : All 
of them kifled his Hand, not as they were ranked 
in the Safe Conduct, but according to their feveral 
Degrees. Mr. Pierpoint before the Knights, he 
being an Earl's Son a ; and Mr. Win-wood before 
Mr. Whitlocke, he being the eldeft Knight's Son; 
and Mr. Waller the laft: The King faid to him, 
Though you are the laft, yet you are not the worft y 
nor the leaft in my Favour : The Difcovery of a 
Plot then in Hand in London, to betray the Parlia- 
ment, wherein Mr. Waller was engaged with Cha- 
loner, Tomkins, and others, which was then in 
Agitation, did manifeft the King's Courtfhip to 
Mr. Waller to be for that Service. 

' After they had all kifled the King's Hand, the 
Prince gave them his Hand to kifs. 

' The Earl of Northumberland read the Propofi- 
tions to the King, with a fober and ftout Carriage ; 
and being interrupted by the King, he faid fmartly, 
Your Majejly will give me Leave to proceed ? The 
Kinganfwered, Ay> ay j and fo the Earl read them, 
all through.' 

To go on with this Affair, fince nothing elfe 
material intervened, except a Letter from the Lord 
Fairfax, out of the North, which 'we poftpone for 
the prefent : The Journals inform us, That 
the Lords Commiffioners, at their Return to the 
Houfe, February 6, made the following Report of 
this whole Proceeding ; that when they prefented 
the Propofitions to the King, he made them this 
ihort Anfwer : 

My Lords, 

Was always for Peace, and am more concern- The Itlng's A- 
_ ed in it than any, being the Father of the Coun- fw ? rtotheCom ~ 
4 try next under God. I cannot chufe but fpeak, mif 
' though I thought to have faid nothing. I con- 


a This Gentleman's Father, the Earl of Kingfton, and his elder v 
Ircther, tlw Lord tfnaark, were at this Time in the King's Armr, 

154 ffie Parliamentary His TORT 

,' fefs I am furprized, though I have feen fomewhaf 
1 of this, yet I believed them not to be fuch as thefe 

* are. They that principally contrived and penned 
' them, had no Thoughts of Peace in their Hearts, 

* but to make Things worfe and worfe ; yet I fhall 
' do my Part, and take as much Honey out of the 
' Gall as I can. I will think of them, and take 

* Time to give you my Anfwer/ 

' That, two Days after, the King fent for them 
again, and told them, That he had confidered of the 
Propofitions, prefented unto him from both Houfcs 
of Parliament, and had returned this Anfwer, which 
he commanded the Earl of Holland to read : 

And to Parlia-' TfF his Majefty had not given up all the Faculties 
meat. * _|_ of his Soul to an earneft Endeavour of a Peace 

* and Reconciliation with his People, or if he would 
' fuffer himfelf, by any Provocation, to be drawn 
' to a Sharpnefs of Language, at a Time when there 

* feems fomewhat like an Overture of Accommo- 
' dation, he could not but refent the heavy Charges 
' upon him in the Preamble of thefe Propofitions ; 

* and would not fuffer himfelf to be reproached with 
protecting of Delinquents, by Force, from Juftice ; 
*- (his Majefty 's Defire having always been, that all 

* Men fliould be tried by the known Law, and he 

* having been refufed it) with raifmg an Army againft 
< his Parliament ; and to be told that Arms have 

* been taken up againft him, for the Defence of Re- 
' ligion, Laws, Liberties, Privileges of Parliament, 
and for the Sitting of the Parliament in Safety ; 

* with many other Particulars in that Preamble, 

* fo often and fo fully anfwered by his Majefty, 
without remembering the World of the Time 
' and Circumftances of raifmg thofe Arms againft 
' him, when his Majefty was fo far from being in 
' a Condition to invade other Men's Rights, that 
' he was not able to maintain and defend his own 

* from Violence ; and without telling his good 

* Subjects that their Religion, (the true Proteftant 

* Religion, in which his Majefty was born, hath 


Of E N G L A N D. 155 

faithfully lived, and to which he will die a willing An. 18. Car. I. 
' Sacrifice) their Laws, Liberties, Privileges, and i*4*- 
4 Safety of Parliament, were fo amply fettled and '~ F T T ~ - 1 * 
eftablifhed, or offered to be fo, by his Majefty, be- 
' fore any Army was raifed againft him, and long 
before any raifed by him for his Defence j that if 
< nothing had been defired but that Peace and Pro- 
' tecTion which his Subjects and their Anceftors had, 

* in the beft Times, enjoyed under his Majefty, or his 
' Royal Predeceflors, this Mifunderftanding and Di- 
' ftance between his Majefty and his People, and this 

* general Mifery and Diftra&ion upon the Face of 
' the whole Kingdom, had not been now the Dif- 
' courfe of Chriftendom : But his Majefty will for- 
' bear any Expreflions of Bitternefs, or of a Senfe of 
' his own Sufferings ; that, if it be poffible, the Me- 

* mory thereof may be loft to the World ; and there- 
' fore, though many of the Proportions, prefentedto 
' his Majefty by both Houfes, appear to him very 
' derogatory from, and deftruciive to, his juft Power 

* and Prerogative, and no way beneficial to his Sub- 
' jets (few of them being already due to them by 
' the Laws eftablifhed, and how Unparliamentary it 
' is by Arms to require new Laws, all the World 
' may judge) ; yet, becaufe thefe may be waved or 
< mollified, and many Things that are now dark and 

* doubtful in them cleared and explained upon De- 

* bate, his Majefty is pleafed (fuch is his Senfe of 

* the Miferies this Kingdom fufters by this unnatu- 

* ral War, and his earneft Defire to remove them 

* by an happy Peace) that a fpeedy Time and Place 

* be agreed upon for the Meeting of fuch Perfons as 
' his Majefty and both Houfes mall appoint, to dif- 

* cufs thefe Propofitions, and fuch others here fol- 
' lowing, as his Majefty doth propofe to them : 

I. ' That his Majefty's own Revenue, Magazine, 
Towns, Forts, and Ships, which have been ta- 
' ken or kept from him by Force, be forthwith re- 
' ftored unto him. 

II. * That whatfoever hath been done or publifii- 
' ed contrary to the known Laws of the Land, or 

* derogatory to his Majefty's legal and known Power 


156 Me Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aa. 18. Car. I ' and Rights, be renounced and recalled ; that no 
t *^ ' Seed may remain for the like to fpring out of for 
F T"*~ ~' ' the future. 

III. ' That whatsoever illegal Power hath been 

* claimed and exercifed by or over his Subjects, as 

* imprifoning their Perfons without Law, flopping 
' their Habeas Corpus^ and impofmg upon their 
Eftates without A& of Parliament, fc? r, either by 
' both or either Houfe, or any Committee of both 

* or either, or by any Perfons appointed by any of 
' them, be difclaimed ; and all fuch Perfons fo com- 
' mitted, forthwith difcharged. 

IV. ' That as his Majefty will readily confent, 

* having done fo heretofore, to the Execution of all 
' Laws already made, and to any good Acts to be 

* made, for the fuppreffing of Popery, and for 
' the firm fettling of the Proteftant Religion now 

* eftablifhed by Law ; fo he defires that a good Bill 
' may be framed for the better preferving the Book 

* of Common Prayer from the Scorn and Violence 
c of Brownifts, Anabaptifts, and other Sectaries, 
' with fuch Claufes for the Eafe of tender Con- 

* fciences as his Majefty hath formerly offered. 

V. ' That all fuch Perfons as, upon the Treaty, 

* {hall be excepted out of the General Pardon, fhall 

* be tried per Pares^ according to the ufual Cowrie 

* and known Laws of the Land ; and that it be left 
' to that, either to acquit or condemn them. 

VI. * And to the Intent this Treaty may not fuf- 

* fer Interruption by any intervening Accidents, that 
' a Cefiation of Arms, and free Trade, for all his 
' Majefty's Subjects may be firft agreed upon. 

4 This Offer and Defire of his Majefty he hopes 

' will be chearfully entertained, that a fpeedy and 

x blefled Peace may be accomplifhed. If it fhall 

' be rejected, or, by inftftins; upon unreafonable Cir- 

* cumftances, be made impoflible, (which he hopes 
c God in his Mercy to this Nation will not furTer) 

* the Guilt of the 'Blood which will be fhed, and 

* the Defolation which muft follow, will lie upon 

* the Heads of the Refufers. However his Majefty 
is refolved, thro' what Accidents foever he (hall 


Of E N G L A N D. 157 

'be compelled to recover his Rights, and with An. 1 8. Car. T. 
' what profperous Succefs foever it fhall pleafe God l6 4* 
' to blefs him, that by his earneft conftant Endea- ^ *~ ~~* 

* vours to propagate and promote the true Proteftant 
' Religion, and by his governing according to the 

* known Law of the Land, and upholding the juft 
' Privileges of Parliament, according to his frequent 

* Proteftations made before Almighty God, which 
4 he will always inviolably obferve, the World (hall 
' fee that he hath undergone all thefe Difficulties 

* and Hazards for the Defence and Maintenance of 

* thofe ; the zealous Prefervation of which his Ma- 

* jefty well knows is the only Foundation and Means 

* for the true Happinefs of him and his People.' 

Upon the Reading of this Anfwer, the Lords re- 
folved to communicate it to the Houfe of Commons, 
as a Matter of great and ferious Consideration, and 
to defire them to take it into their utmoft Car,e and 
. Thought. 

But before we proceed any farther in the Tranf- 
aclions of February, it is necefTary to take Notice of 
a Letter from the Lord Fairfax, in the North ; 
which was delivered to the Lords, by the Commons, 
at a Conference, and read in that Houfe on the firft 
of this Month. The Letter was addrefied to the 
Speaker : 

S I R, 

TT is mojl necejjary that I continue my Relation toLorA Fairfax** 
-* you of the State and Condition of the Affairs in Letter "cere- 
tbis Country, that they may be made known to fctfjj^/"* f 
Houfes ; and Provision made for Succours to be fent 
us, which have hitherto come very Jlowly, though they 
have made large Exprejfions of their Care. We have 
been long dejlitute of Money to pay the Army j ana f t 
to fupply that Want, I have ufed all pojjible Indujlry, 
ly taking up Money upon Exchange, and by calling 
upon the Country to fupply me for the prefent upon 
the Public Faith. 

The Want of Money doth fo perplex the Part of 
the Army bere t as I imagine the Houfe will not ex- 

" feel 

158 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 1 8. Car. l.pgft any confiderable Matter to be done by us ; t 'hough , 
^J l * God be thanked^ the Forces 1 fend from hence, and 
are raifed by the Country in other Places, are daily 
aEiing fomething to advance the Public Service. As 
in the North- Riding, where Sir Hugh Cholmley 
hath carried himfelfvery bravely , giving feveral De- 
feats to the Enemy near Malton ; and on Monday the 
Jixteenth of this Month, joining his Forces to Sir Mat- 
thew Boynton, they fell upon Col. Slingfby at Gif- 
brough, where they defeated him and 600 Horfe and 
Foot with him, that had done much Spoil in the North- 
Riding ; they wounded and took Col. Slingfby him- 
felf, with 140 other Prif oners ; killed a great many, 
and recovered 200 Arms with the Place. Amongft 
the Prifoners taken by Sir Hugh Cholmley at Mal- 
ton, and here at Gifbrough, it is found that a 
great Number are Papifls ; and indeed the Strength 
of the Enemies will be found to confift much of Papijls, 
and popijhly affeEled, the Earl of Newcaftle granting 
his Commtjfions, for raifmg Men, to Papifls for the 
mojl Part. I have heard, of late, of Commiffions 
granted to tivelve Recufants of thefe Parts, whofe 
Names I fend inclofed ; and it is not to be doubted he 
walks the fame Ways in other Places, as well as here ; 
which Ccurfes have fo advanced Popery, as I hear, 
that in York, where many Recufants are fettled^ Mafs 
is ordinarily faid in every Street ; and fuch Affronts 
offered to the Protejlants and the Minijlry, as few 

dare refer t to Church. In other Parts of the Coun- 

for many Mile 
the religious Minijlry are all either fled, or imprijoned ; 

try^ I am informed that, for many Miles together, 

which Perfections, if they be not timely reprejjed, will 
extirpate, or much deprefs, the Protrjiant Religion in 
thefe Parts. 

About Bradford and Halifax, God hath Uejfed my 
Son and thofe fmall Forces with good Succffs again ft 
the Enemy, in feveral light Skirmijhes : On Monday 
was Se'nnight he feized on the Lord Savilie'j Houje 
at Howley, and put about IQO Mnfqueteers into it ; 
on Tuefday / fent Sir William Fairfax and his Of- 
ficers, with feme Arn.s, to raife his Regiment in thofg 
'Parts } and, for bis Convoy, I fent what Horfe and 


Of E N G L A N D. 159 

Dragooners I could fpare from hence p , directing them An. 18. Car. I, 
to Jiay with my Son to offijl him in his Dejign agaitift 1642. 

Leecls - 

Yefternight I received Litters from him, wherein 
be relates to me. That on Monday laft he drew bis 
Forces out of Bradford, and marched to Leeds, where 
Sir William Saville commanded in Chief \ my Son firjl 
fummoned them by a Trumpet to yield, which being re~ 
fufed, the AJJault began, wherein his Men carried 
themfclves with great Refolution j for the Town was 
fortified on all Sides, furnijhed with two Brafs Sakers, 
and manned with 1 500 Soldier s, yet they forced an 
Entry in two Hours Fight. There were not lojl on both 
Sides above forty Men, tut he took four Colours, and 
500 Prif oners, of which fix are Commanders ; and, 
with the Prifoners, they took many Arms, the Sakers 9 
and all the Munition they had, which was not much. 
On our Part we loft thirteen Men, and Capt. Briggs, 
and Capt. Lee, both fore wounded ; and I perceive 
that, in this Exploit, Sir William Fairfax, Sir Tho- 
mas Norcliffe, and Serjeant-Major Forbes, with the 
rejl of the Commanders, carried themfelves very gal- 
lantly. The People do obferve that Sir William Sa- 
ville, and the Chief Commanders on the other Side, 
foon a/ter the Fight began, fled by fecret Ways towards 
Pontefradt, and their Men after them by Degrees; but, 
by the Way, Serjeant- Major Beaumont was drowned 
crojjing the River, and Sir William Saville very nar- 
roiuly efcaped the like Fate. 

After Leeds was thus won, my Son writes that he 
intended to have marched to Wakefield, where Sir 
George Wentworth commanded^ but was prevented, 
therein by the Enemies Fears ; who, hearing he had 
taken Leeds, fied all away from Wakefield to Pon- 
tefract, and left the Town ; Jo he hath fent feme Forces 
to invejf and keep that Place. Thus hath God blejfed 
their Endeavours on that Side ; and now 1 am told 
that Capt. Hotham and Sir John Saville are gone up 
Yefterday with fame Forces into thofe Parts t but upon 
what De/ign I know not. 

Yefterday Morning I had fame Intelligence that the 
mojl Part of the Forces were marched^ the Day be- 

160 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. 1. fare, out of Doncafter ; fa I have fent my Serjeant- 

^4- 2 ' Major -General with fix Companies of Foot to inveft 

Fcbr'uaryT^ ^ at ^^ ace -> an ^ to leave f ome ^^cts to keep it untill 

more Strength come to us out of the Southern Counties ; 

which, if it could be bajiened hither, might very much 

advance the Caufe, and crujh the Popijh Forces before 

they be fupplied by the Queen's Coming, or their Party 

in Scotland, of which there is fome Expectation. 

I defire you will make known to the Houfe the great 
Extremities that are put upon me ; and that a certain 
Courfe may be fettled for fupplying us with Money 
for the Entertainment of the Army, in fuch Seafon as 
our Men may be encouraged in the Service, and not 
fall into a Way of plundering for Want of Pay. My 
Son upon the taking of Leeds, though he entered it by 
Force, yet he rejl rained his Army from Pillaging ; fa 
I have ordered that the Malignants, in lieu of the 
Spoil challenged to be due unto the Soldiers, Jhall give 
them a Month's Entertainment, which 1 hope will 
content both Parties. 

Yejlernigbt Intelligence was brought to me, that the 
Earl of Newcaftle hath drawn down all his Forces 
from the 'South Parts of Yorkfliire, thofe only excepted 
that kept the Cajlle at PontefracT: j for Yefterday he 
marched from Sherburne to York, with thirty-fix Co- 
lour s, two Pieces of Cannon, and forty -five other Car- 
riages ; the certain Caufe I do not yet know, but fup~ 
pofe it is to meet the Arms and Munition coming from 
Newcaftle ; or to prepare for the Queen's Entertain- 
ment at York, which is much fpoken of. I Jhall carry 
a vigilant Eye upon his Defigns, and endeavour to 
prevent them, fo far as can be expefled, from the 
Forces under the Command of, 

elb y , Jan. 26, Your moft affectionate 

Friend and Servant, 


P. S. I have fent unto Mr. White, to be flawed 
unto you, three Papers found with Ccl. Slingfby, 
when he was taken at Giibrough by Sir Hugh 

X-M 1 


Of ENGLAND. 161 

Cholmley ; which may, per adventure^ be thought An - j8 - Car> * 
necejjary to be made known to the Houfe, if Sir Hugh '"' 

have not already prefented the Tranfcript to you. ^FebruaryT 

The Names of the Recufants in thefe Parts, to whom 
the Earl of Newcaftle hath granted Commijfions to 
raife Forces, are Mr. Robert Trapps, Mr. Stephen- 
fon of Thornton, Sir John Middleton, Sir Walter 
Vavafour, Mr. Ann, Mr. Tindale, Mr. Bretton, 
Sir Philip Hungate, Mr. Waterton, Mr. Thwinge, 
Capt. Sare, and Capt. Granger. 

After the Reading of this Letter, the following 
Ordinance is entered in the Lords Journals : 

4 "ITTHereas many and fervent Prayers have An Ordinance of 

* VV been <~ ent U P to God for his Bleffing toJjSST 
' be poured down upon the Endeavours of the thereof"!^ 

c Parliament in Maintenance of his own Caufe and 
4 Religion, now openly aflaulted by Papifts j and 
' becaufe it is moft juft and neceflary to obferve the 
1 Return of thefe Prayers, that our Mouths and 
c Hearts may be as much enlarged in Praifes as they 
' have been in Prayers, the Lords and Commons 

* have thought fit to publifh fome late good Suc- 

* cefles, as fo many Anfwers from Heaven, which 

* God hath given to the Prayers of his Servants. 

' And whereas fundry late Declarations have 
' {hewed to the World divers Informations and 
' Proofs concerning the railing of a Popifh Army, 

* with an Intention to fubvert God's true Religion 

* profefled, and by Law eftabliflied, in this King- 

* dom, and to introduce Popilh Idolatry and Superfti- 

* tion j that it may appear what was, before, anlnten- 
tion is now Matter of Fat, and really put in Execu- 
' tion, a moft certain and true Relation is here offered 
to public Notice and Obfervation j wherein it may 

* be feen that this Popifh Army hath fet up the open 
' Practice of their abominable Idolatry in York> the 

< fecond City in the Kingdom ; and are grown to 

< that Height of Infolency, that they terrify and 
' drive away theProteftant Miniftets and People from, 

VOL. XII. X, frc- 

1 6 2 7%? Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car, !< frequenting their own Churches, and from the~ 

- 6 _ ' i ' Practice of their own Religion j wherein they 

February. ' nave g' ven a Pattern and Pledge what they intend 

4 to do, and what muft be expe&ed from them, 

' through the whole Kingdom. The Confidera- 

* tion hereof (whereby the moft precious Things in 
' the World, God's Glory and true Worfhip, and 
the Salvation of the Souls of Men, are brought in- 
' to Danger) ought to excite and ftir op, and we 
' are confident it will, the ftrongeft Endeavours and 

* moft united Conjunctions, of all religious and 
well-affecled Proteftants and Patriots, to refift and 
' fupprefs thofe common Enemies of God, in Pity 
' to their Country and the Commonwealth ; for 
' now it plainly appears that however they pretend 
' to defend the Religion and the Laws, yet their main- 
' Intention is to eftablifh Popery in this Kingdom, 

* and to extirpate the Proteftant Religion ; which 

* cannot be done without Subverfion of the Laws, 

* as the Papifts have, almoft, effected in Ireland.' 

A Committee of February 3. The Commons, after pa fling fome 
Seqefeatina P . y Q ^ for f eque ft r ing the Eftates, Real and Perfonal, 
of fome particular Perfons, appointed a Committee 
to confider of the fequeftring and feizing the Eftates, 
Real and Perfonal, of all fuch Perfons as have been, 
are, or (hall be, in actual War or Arms againft the 
Parliament: And to- have Power to appoint Seque- 
ftrators, to make Allowances to fuch as fhould be 
employed in this Service ; and to ufe all other Means 
thought effe&ual to it. This was the firft Begin- 
ring of an Ordinance of Parliament, which proved 
fo extrerae bitter to the Royalifts in the Confe- 

AnOrdinancefor Pel. 4. Another fevere Ordinance for the raifing 
iiing Monies tvvo Troops of Horfe and one Regiment of Dragoons 
jn the County of N ort h am pt n and for afleffing of 
Monies upon the Malignants, difaffecled Perfons, 
Papifts, Bifhops, Deans, Deans and Chapters, feV. 
for the Maintenance of the faid Forces, was read 
and put to the Queftion, in the Hpufc of Commons, 


Of ENGLAND. 163 

but it pafled in the Negative, by forty-one Voices An. 18. Car. r. 
againft twenty. j6 4 z> 

Feb. 7. The Lords took into Confideration the Februar > r ' 
King's laft Anfwer to their Propofitions ; and, firft, 
it was agreed to proceed in the Treaty. Next it 
was propofed, That the Armies on both Sides 
fhould be totally difbanded, and to have a Ceflation 
of Arms, that there might be a Treaty ; when, after 
a long Debate, it was refolved in the Affirmative. 

Feb. 8. A Paper was read in the Houfe of Lords, 
called, A general ConfeJJlon of National Sins ; which 
was agreed to by both Houfes, and ordered to be 
ufed by their Minifters at the next public Faft. a 

Several Days were employed in feeking out Ways A D J f or a gen&; 
and Means for raifing of Money; and, amongftral Weekly Af. 
others, a Weekly Afleflment was agreed on for the fefrment 
Maintenance of the Army j and an Ordinance was 
made for that Purpofe. Thefe new Kind of Taxes 
lay prodigious hard on the Citizens of London, and 
all thofe Counties which were within the Power of 
the Parliament. The King feems to have fupported 
his Army at this Time, chiefly, by Gifts and Loans. 

Feb. 13. The Commons fent up their Refolutions 
on the intended Treaty at Oxford. They told the 
Lords, in a Conference, That they agreed with 
them in fome Things, and differed in others ; and 
offered the following Votes of their Houfe to their 
Lordfhips Confideration. 

Refolved, 'That this Houfe doth concur with Votes and Refo- 
the Lords in their Votes, That there fliall be a fpee- lutioas relating 
dy Difbanding of both Armies ; and that there . Banding the 
fhould be a fixed Time appointed for it. ^c 
Northern and Weflern Armies to be firft difbanded, 
which mall be on the firft Day of March next ; 
and the Day for difbanding all the other Armies, 
on the tenth of the fame Month.' 

Refolved, * That a Meffage be fent to his Maje- 
fty to defire his Confent for difbanding the Armies, 
L 2 ac- 

a This Confeffion is in Rujhvmrtb, Vol. V. p, 141. 

164 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. i?. Car. I. according to the Votes of this Houfe ; and that Per- 
164.2. f ons fh a fi b e appointed to treat with his Majefty 
*T7 V ^ 1 *' concerning the Manner of Difbanding.' 

The Queftton being put, Whether there fhall 
be a prefent CefTation of Arms, in order to the 
Treaty on the Propofitions, before the Difbanding 
of the Armies? it patted in the Negative. 

Refolved, That when his Majefty fhall have 
aflented to a Difbanding, and the Time and Manner 
of it, then the Time for an immediate Ceffation {hall 
be agreed on.' 

They alfo prefented the following Reafons why 
there fliould be no Treaty, upon the Propofuions, 
before Difbanding : 

* /"Tl H A T a Treaty, before the Difbanding, 
will be ineffectual to produce fuch a Peace 
as may fecure Religion againft the Defigns of the 
Papifts to deftroy it, and the Prebtical Party to cor- 
rupt it ; or to fecure the Liberties of the Kingdom, 
and the Privileges of Parliament, againft Projectors 
and Delinquents. The Grounds and Evidence 
whereof are thefe : 

1. * Becaufe Papifts, Malignants, and other Delin- 
quents, are now in greateft Power about the King ; 
and this Treaty is like to be managed by their Coun- 
fels, whofe Hopes and Interefts are buih upon the 
Breach and Diftemper betwixt the King and his 
People ; whereof they having been the' greateft 
Caufe, will ftill endeavour to hinder fuch a Peace, 
as may interrupt their own Defigns : Whereas, if 
the Treaty be after the Difbanding, the Authority 
of Parliament will be more powerful to remove fuch 

2. * If the Treaty be before the Difbanding, it 
will not be fafe for his Majefty to yield to any fuch 
Propofitions as (hall be for the fupprefling of Pa- 
pifts and Malignants, his Perfon being in their 
Power; nor yet fo fafe for the Kingdom, whilft Arms 
are in their Hands, and fo great a Party, both in Ire- 
land and beyond the Seas, to encourage and aflift 


Of ENGLAND. 165 

in refitting the Obfervance and Execution of An, iS.Oar, I. 
any fuch Treaty. l6 4*. 

3. * If the Armies be once difbanded,- though the *T7 V ~""" 1 
Treaties fhould not fucceed, yet the War cannot 

be carried on, but there will be Time of Mediation 
to take up thofe Differences without any further 
ihedding of Blood : Whereas, if the Armies be on 
Foot, upon every Difference in the Treaty both 
Sides may be provoked, with more Animofity and 
Bitternefs, to refer Matters to the bloody Trial of 
the Sword ; and many intervening Accidents may 
interrupt .the Treaty. 

4. ' That it will be moft honourable for his Ma- 
jefty, and more fafe for his People, that the Propo- 
iitions be yielded after the Difbanding than before; 
for thereby his Majefty will be freed from the Impu- 
tation of granting any thing by Force ; which might 
both trench upon his Honour, and weaken the Va- 
lidity of the Things granted ; and both Houfes will 
be free from that Tax of unparliamentary Proceed- 
ings, implied in his Majeity's Anfwer, Of requiring 
flew Laws by Arms. 

5. * That if the Treaty be before Difbanding, it 
will endanger, or delay, his Majefty's Confent to 
the Difbanding at the Time limited ; for there 
will be the fame Reafon, on his Majefty's Part, 
for concluding the Treaty before the Difbanding, 
as for the beginning it j that fo, if he be like to 
have more Advantage by Arms than by the Treaty, 
he may ftill have it in his Power to purfue the fame 
Ends for which his Force was at firft raifed ; and 
all Delays in that Kind will make the Burdens and 
Miferies infupportable to the Kingdom, by the ne- 
cefTary Maintenance of all the Armies, and other 
Charges and Mifchiefs which will thereby fall up- 
on the Subject.' 

To thefe Rca/ons of the Commons was annexed 
the following Refolution : 

* That, forthwith after the Difbanding of both 

Armies, this Houie will fend a Committee to attend 

Jiis Majefty, by an humble Treaty to give him 

L 3 due 

1 66 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. due Satisfaction concerning the Propofitions fent to 
them from his Majefty, and thofe prefented from 
them to his Majefty.' 

Thefe Votes, Reafons, and Refolutions, laid 
before the Lords till the fixteenth of this Month, 
when they were quickened by another Meflage from 
the Commons. The Votes and Reafons were again 
read ; and, after Debate, the Lords refolved, ' Not 
to recede from their former Votes, but to adhere to 
them, notwithftanding the Reafons of the Houfe of 
Commons : To have a Conference with them, and 
acquaim them, That this Houfe thinks it fit that the 
Time, from the Beginning of the Treaty, ought not 
to exceed twenty Days. 

' That the King's Propofitions, concerning his 
Magazines, Towns,. Forts, and Ships, and the 
Propofitions of both Houfes for disbanding of all 
Armies, may be firft treated of. 

* That the remote Armies may be disbanded by 
the lad Day of Mnrch, or fooner if it can be : That 
the Kirtg's Army under the Command of the Earl 
of Forth, and that under the Larl of EJfcx raifed by 
Parliament, may be disbanded by the i oth of Aprtl^ 
or fooner. 

' That there may be a prefent Ccfiat : on of all 
A&s of Hoftility on both Sides ; and that all other 
Things may continue in the fame State, without any 
further Intercourfe, or free Paflage, than is at prefent. 

La/ily^ * Becaufe that Money is neceflary to main- 
tain and fupport the Army, the Lords think fit to 
propofe to the Commons to join with them in fend- 
ing to the Lord Mayor of London, to call a Com- 
mon Council the next Day, to move them to ad- 
vance Money for the Supply of the Army.' 

Feb. 17. The Debates on the disbanding, or not 
disbanding, the Armies before the Treaty, were this 
Day continued in the Houfe of Commons ; and, on 
two Divifions, one of them 76 againft 73^ and the 
other 86 againft 83, it was carried to enter upon 
the Treaty before Disbanding. We meet with the 
following Speech of Sir Benjamin Rudyard of this 


Of ENGLAND. 167 

very Day a ; which probably was one great Means An, 18 Car. f. 
of the Queftion's being carried in the Affirmative. 16^. 

Mr. Speaker, February. 

* T Do verily think that the Vote we have already Sir Benjamin 

L pafied, for the difbanding the Armies the firft**^'* 
and tenth of March, will find us no farther on our oS^? 
Way than where we now are, befides the ill Acci- 
dents that may happen, and fo much precious Time 
fpent, as till then. 

* Sir, the main Bufinefs is, whether we mall have 
a prefent Treaty or no. And this concerns us in 
all that we have, and are. Since we refufed a 
Treaty at Nottingham, I do not find that we have 
gotten much Ground, although our Army then was 
frefh, full, and full paid; the People erect, bountiful, 
and forward to the War. - Now the Difpofition of 
the Kingdom, for thegreateft Part, (lands bent to- 
wards a Peace : So that wherefoever the Refufal, 
or Delay of the Way to it (hall be fixed, the Dif- 
ad vantage will fall on that Side. How clear foever 
the Intentions of the Houfe are, yet abroad it will 
be taken but as a Shew without Reality, and fo it 
will be returned upon us. 

* For the Proportions ; I have not known, nor 
heard, that all the Propofitions in any Treaty of 
Importance were ever fwallowed whole. If fome 
be harm and rough, they may be wrought and fup- 
pled by wife Treaters, made fit for an acceptable 
Agreement. If others be unpayable, they may be 
totally rejected. Thofe that are our unqueftionable 
Rights, may be fo claimed, and held. 

4 Mr. Speaker, we have d ready tafted the bitter 
bloody Fruits of War, w are grown exceedingly 
behind-hand with ourfelves fince we began it : If we 
perfift, there will fuch a Confluence of Mifchiefs 
break in upon us, as, I am afraid, will ruin the 
King, the Kingdom, the Nation ; unlefs God be 
merciful to us, and do ftep in with a great Miracle, 
for a little one will not ferve our Turn. 

a From the original Edition printed for Midas! Young* 

i 68 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS.Car. I. I have long and thoughtfully expe&ed that the 

l6 4 z * Cup of Trembling, which hath gone round about 

*T7 V "^* 1 ' us to other Nations, would at length come in amongft 

ruary ' us ; it is now come at laft, and we may drink the 

Dregs of it, the worft ; which God avert. 

' There is yet fome Comfort left, that our Mife- 
ries are not likely to laft long : For we cannot fight 
here as they do in Germany, in that great, large, 
vaft Continent ; where, although there be War in 
fome Parts of it, yet there are many other remote 
quiet Places for Trade and Tillage to fupport it. 
We muft fight as in a Cock-pit, we are furrounded. 
with the Sea. We have no ftronger Holds than our 
own Skulls, and our own Ribs, to keep out Ene- 
mies j fo that the whole Kingdom will fuddenly be 
but one Flame. 

', It hath been faid in this Houfe, That we arc 
bound in Conscience to punifh the Shedding of in- 
nocent Blood : But, Sir, who (hall be aniwcrable 
for ail the inrocent Blood which mall be fpilt here- 
after, if we do not endeavour a Peace, by a fpeedy 
Treaty ? Certainly God is as much to be trufted in, 
a Treaty as in a War : It is he that gives Wifdom 
to treat, as well as Courage to fight, and Succefs 
to both, as it pleafeth him. Blood is a crying Sin, 
it pollutes a Lund : Why fiiould we defile this Land 
any longer f 

' W nerefore, Mr. Speaker, let us flint Blood as 
foon as we can. Let us agree with our Adverfaries, 
in the Way, by a prefcnt, fhort, wary Treaty* 
God dired us/ 

Feb. 18. At a Conference, this Day, the Com- 
mons informed the Lords, That they agreed with 
them in all the Articles relating to the Treaty j but 
thefe will fail apter in another Place. 

Propofitionsfrom /^. 2O. New Propofitions having been made to 
e ! IZ S M . the Citizens for a confiderable Advance of Money, 
railing' Money, fome of the Aldermen and Common Council, this 
difbanding the Day, attended the Houfe of Lords ; when, being 
Arm)-, (. ca jj e( j j n> they ^ ec \ zrc ^ * That t j iey were f ent f rom 

the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Coun- 

Of E N G L A N D. 169 

cil of the City of London, to give their Lord- An. iS. Car. T, 
(hips an Account of the Defire of both Houfes for 
the Advancement of 60,000 / which the Common 
Council have taken into Confideration, and voted 
to raife it fpeedily, if poflible it may be j and the 
Common Council have many Things in Agitation, 
which are not yet digefted ; but think it fit humbly 
to defire of their Lordfliips, and the Houfe of Com- 
mons, fome Things that will give Encouragement in 
the raifing of this Money, which they ofFer to their 
Lordfhips Confideration. 

1 . ' That both Houfes would vouchfafe to ad- 
vance the raifing of 60,000 /. by their own Ex* 
ample, and pay it into the Hands of the Treafurers 
at Guildhall^ in London, to the End that the Sight 
of it may encourage others. 

2. * That they may be eafed in the Rates of the 
weekly AfTeflrnent, becaufe it exceeds the Propor- 
tion of the County, if it be not too late. 

3. That the 3000 /. per Month, granted for 
Defence of the City, out of the weekly AflefTment, 
may be made 4000 /. 

4. ' It is humbly defired that the Citizens Lands 
and Houfes in the Country may not be rated for 
the weekly Afieflrnent, fo that they pay in London. 

5. * It is defired, in regard they are informed that 
divers Mifinformations have been made concerning 
the City of London by private Perfons, that hereafter 
rio fuch Credit may be given thereunto, as to be ac- 
counted the Senfe of the City, unlefs it proceeds from 
the Court of Aldermen or Common Council, fig- 
riiried by fpecial MelTengers of their own, or by their 
Burgefies, directed by one of the faid Courts. 

6. * That it will much promote the faid Service, 
if the Money aflefled by virtue of divers Ordinances 
be collected forthwith in London, and other Parts of 
the Kingdom, that the Charge may not lye wholly 
upon the willing Party j for that otherwife the Well- 
affecled will be either deftroyed with them or for 
them ; with them, if they mould refufe as others do j 
or for them, by contributing, alone, to the Public 
{Safety more than their Kftates will bear. 

7. That 

170 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. 7. ' That Search be made, without the Liber- 
1642. t i es? j n t he Parts adjacent, for fufpe&ed Perfons ; 
4 -T"v-'--' and that, upon the Difbanding, thofe that are called 
arjr " the King's Army may be enjoined to go to their fe- 
veral Habitations, and not to come to London^ to 
the Difturbance of the Peace, Safety, and Welfare 
of the faid City, and of the good Government there- 
of; and that, during the Time of the Treaty and 
Ceflation, none of the faid Army may be permitted 
to come to the City. 

8. * That to prevent Mifapprehenfions and Jea- 
loufies concerning the prefent Proceedings of both 
Houfes of Parliament, about the Treaty and Cefla- 
tion, and Difbanding, it is humbly prayed it may 
be declared, That the R.efolution of both Houfes is 
the fame as at the firft, That nothing fhall be done 
but that which tends to the fecuring the trite Prote- 
ftant Religion, the juft Liberties of the Subjects, and 
Privileges of Parliament. 

9. * It is defired that the Ordinance for the week- 
ly Afleflment may pafs forthwith, for fecuring the 
Reimburfement of the 60,000 /. which, otherwife, 
will not be raifed. 

* The Refolutions of both Houfes are humbly 
defired herein, as an Encouragement to carry on 
the Bufinefs.' 

The Anfwer returned to thefe Meflages was, 
' That their Lordfhips gave the Lord Mayor, 
Aldermen, and Common Council, Thanks for their 
Readinefs and Care in the raifing of 6o,ooo/. and 
to let them know that their Lordfhips hope nothing 
fhall be done in this Treaty, but what {hall be for 
the Security of the true Proteftant Religion, the Pri- 
vilege of Parliament, the juft Privileges of the Sub- 
ject, and the Security of the City of London. 

' For the Ordinance for the weekly AfleiTmcnt, 
this Houfe hath palled it already, and fern it to the 
Houfe of Commons ; and concerning the making or" 
3000 /. Allowance a-wcek to be 4000 /. their Lord- 
fliips will give the beft Furtherance ihey can in it. 


Of E N G L A N D. 171 

As for other Particulars their Lordfliips will take An, iS. Car. I. 
them into Confutation.' i 6 4* 

Pel. 2 1 . The Houfe of Lords had fent a Copy of Februar y- 
the Votes of both Houfes concerning the Ceflation, 
&c. to the Earl of E/ex, their General j at the fame 
*Timedefiring his Opinion and Advice about them ; 
to which the General returned the following Anfwer, 
addrefled to their Speaker ; 

My Lord, 

J Muft acknowledge the Obligation I have to the Letter from tha 

Lords, that they dejire my Advice about the Par- Earl of EJ'ex 
ticulars concerning a Cejjation. My Lord* if I had concerning aQff- 
known of it before it had been voted, I Jhould have atlon * 
clearly delivered my Opinion, and then fubmitted my- 
felf and it to your Lordjbips greater Wifdoms ; but> 
my Lord, now I know my Duty. The Arms you have 
raifed are fo differ fed, and Jo many Difficulties in 
it, that it is too great a Burden for me to undertake 
to deliver my Opinion ; not doubting but that your 
Lord/hips , in ycur grave Wifdoms, have weighed all 
the Inconveniences that may happen to your Servants 
employed by you, during this CeJJation, and the Ways 
how to prevent them before you voted the CeJJation. 
My Lord, if I knew how to give a clear Anfwer to 
a Bufinefs 1 am fo great a Stranger to, having been 
at none of the Debates, I Jhould /hew my Obedience 
to their Commands. I am, 

My Lord, 

Windfor. Feb. 20, Your Lordfliip's 


humble Servant, 


After this the Houfe being informed Mr. 
William Murray was without, with a Letter from 
his Majefty to the Speaker, his Lordfhip was ap- 
pointed to receive it ; which contained only a Com- 
mand to read the following Meflage in the Houfe, 


172 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. and afterwards to communicate it to the Cora- 

1642. mons. 

February. CHARLES R. 

And the King's* "XTTHereas his Majefy 7 hath, together with 
Meflage on the < yy a Treaty, propofed a Ceflation of Arms 
< ^ feoth his fjoufes of Parliament, now fixteen 
' Days fince, to which, as yet, he hath received 

* no Anfwer : To the End that his Majefty may fo 

* clearly underftand the Houfes, that no fuch Impu- 
' tations, as have been formerly, may after be laid 
( upon him, upon Occafion of any thing that may 

* intervene; his Maj.efty defires, if a Ceflation (hall 
' be approved of by them, that the Day upon which 

* the Ceflation is thought fit to begin, and fuch par- 

* ticular Limits and Conditions of that Ceflation as 
' are neceflary to be underftood and agreed on before 
' the Ceflation Ltfelf can a&ually begin, be propofed 

* by them at the fame Time, with their Approba- 

* tion of it; fince, as his Majefty fuppofes by the 
' prefent great Preparation of feveral Forces of the 
f Earl of Effex to march feveral Ways, that till 

* fuch Time as this be done, they do not conceive 

* themfelves obliged to an actual Ceflation : So nei- 
4 ther, till then, doth his Majefty conceive himfelf 

* obliged to it.' 

Hereupon the Lords refolved to have a Conference 
with the Houfe of Commons, and communicate this 
Meflage and the Earl of EJJex's Letter to them ; and 
to defire that a Committee of Members of both 
Houfes may be appointed to confider in what Man- 
ner, and what Limitations, the Ceflation of Arms 
may proceed in, and how to be carried on. 

Feb. 23. The Parliament had fent a Petition to 
the King, which they called their Defire and Ad- 
vice, That the next Lent Afiizes, &c. fhould be 
put off, during thefc turbulent Times ; they, this 
Day, r -ceived an Anfwer to it from the King, which 
ivas read in the Houfe ; and, for Connection Sake, 


Of ENGLAND. 173 

we give them both together. And, firft, the De-An, 18. Car. I. 
fire and Advice : l6 4*' 

cr'HE Lords and Commons In Parliament humbly * iuary " 
-* JheWj That your Juftices and other liege People , TJie p ar ii ament 
who are or Jhall be fummoned y or have other Caufe to defire the Lent 
attend at the next AJfizes and General Goal-Delivery Affiz ma X * 
appointed to be Jhortly kept in the feveral Counties 0/* ut * 
England and Wales, cannot refort thither without 
great Peril of their Lives, and Damage to their 
J1ates> by reafon of the prefent miferable Dijlrac- 
tions, and armed Forces being in all Parts of your 
Realm : In regard whereof \ the Lords and Commons 
do humbly advife and defire your Majefty to command* 
That the faid djfizes and General Goal-Delivery be 
not holden as is appointed ; but that the fame may be 
deferred until! it Jhall pleafe God to re/lere Peace un- 
to your People. 

His MAJESTY'* ANSWER to the foregoing DESIRE 
and ADVICE. 

' T TI S Majefty hath weighed the Defire and To which the 

* I I Advice of the Lords and Commons, fent Kin e & 
' in a Letter to the Lord Falkland from the Earl o f ConfeRt * 
' Manchefter^ concerning the putting off the Gene- 

* ral Affixes and Goal-Delivery throughout the 

* Kingdom. To which his Majefty returns this 
4 Anfwer, That the prefent bloody Diffraction of 
c the Kingdom (which his Majefty hath ufed all 

* poflible Means to prevent, and will ftill to remove) 

* doth afflict his Majefty, under no Confideration 
4 more, than of the great Interruption and Stop it 
' makes in the Courfe and Proceedings of Juftice, 
' and the Execution of the Laws ; whereby his 
' good Subjects are robbed of the Peace and Secu- 
' rity they were born to : And therefore, as much 
'.as in him lies, he will advance that only Means 
' of their Happinefs ; at leaft they (hall fee that their 

* Sufferings, that Way, proceed not from his Ma- 

* jefty : And fince they may now expect, by the 


174 T&e Parliamentary HISTORY 
An. 18. Car. l.t Laws, Statutes, and Cuftoms of the Kingdom, 
! \^_ ^ * the Affixes and General Goal-Delivery inevery 
February. ' County, his Majefty thinks not fit to command 

* the contrary ; but will take fevere and precilc 

* Order, that none of his good Subjects (hall re- 

* ceive the leaft Prejudice, as they repair thither, 
by any of his Majefty's Forces ; which Rule he 
fhall be glad to fee obferved by others ; and then 

* he hopes, by the due Execution of the Laws, 

* even thefe public Calamities may have fome Abate- 
c ment, and the Kingdom recover its former Peace 

* and Profperity.' 

The latter End of this Month was chiefly taken 
up in framing Articles to be fent to the King for a 
Ceflation of Arms, before the intended Treaty be- 
gan. And, after confulting with their Lord-General 
and a Council of War, a Form was drawn up ; 
which, after many Conferences and Alterations, was, 
on the 28th of this Month, perfected, read, and 
agreed to by both Houfes, and ran in thefe Words : 

' "T T THereas the Lords and Commons in Par- 
'* T T liament, out of a tender Senfe of the pre- 
' fent Miferies and Diftra&ions of the Kingdom, 
' and for the obtaining and fettling of a happy Peace 

* between his Majefty and his People, have humbly 
' prefented his Majefty divers Proportions, to which 

* he hath been pleafed to make this Return : That 
' his Defire was, that a fpeedy Time and Place might 
' be appointed for the difcujjing of thofe Proportions, 

* and likewife fome others propofed by his Majejly. It 
' is thereupon agreed in both Houfes, that a Com- 

* mittee of both Houfes fhall be appointed to attend 

* his Majefty, on or before the fourth of March, if 
' his Majefty (hall fo pleafe, to endeavour to give him 

* all humble and fit Satisfaction concerning the faid 

* Propofitions, both his Majefty's and their own. 

' And whereas, for the more fpeedy Removal of 
the bloody and miferabie Effects of War, his Ma- 
'jefty hath likewife been gracioufly pleafed, by a 

* late Meflage, to fignify his Defire, That, for avoid- 


Of E N G L A N D. 175 

c ing all intervening Accidents of War^ which might An. 18. Car. 1 

* interrupt this Treaty , there might be a CeJ/ation 164*' 

* of Arms under fuch particular Conditions and Li" ' "* 
mitations as Jhould be agreed on : Their humble Februar y* 
c Defires therein concurring with his Majefty, it is, 

* by them, aflented and agreed, That a Ceflation 

* of Arms, in order to fuch a Treaty as is refolved 
upon by both Houfes of Parliament, may be in- 
' joined to all the Armies and Forces now on Foot 

* in the Kingdom of England and Dominion of 
' Wales, on either Side, under the Reftrictions and 

* Limitations hereafter following ; and that neither 
Side {hall be bound and limited by this Ceflation 
' in any otherwife, or to any other Purpofe, than is 

* hereafter exprefled. 

I. ' That all Manner of Arms, Ammunition, 

* Victuals, Money, Bullion, and all other Commo- 

* dities, paffing without fuch a Safe-Conduct as may 

* warrant their Paflage, may be ftaid and feized on, 
' as if no fuch Ceflation were agreed on at all. 

II. * That all Manner of Perfons, paffing with- 
' out fuch a Safe-Conduct as is mentioned in the 

* Article next going before, (hall be apprehended 
and detained, as if no fuch Ceflation were agreed 

* on at all. 

III. That his Majefty 's Forces in Oxfordshire 
' fhall advance no nearer to Windfor than Wheatly ; 
' and, in Buckingham/hire^ no nearer to Aylejbury 
< than Brill ; and that, in Berkjhire, the Forces re- 
' fpectively (hall not advance nearer the one to the 
' other than now they are ; that the Parliament's 

* Forces \nOxfordjhire fhall advance no nearer ioOx- 

* ford than Henley, thofe in Buckingham/hire , no 
neajer to Oxford than Aylejbury ; that his Majefty's 

* Forces fhall take no new Quarters above twelve 

* Miles fromOxford, any Way; and that the Parlia- 
' ment's Forces fhall take no new Quarters above 

* twelve Miles from IVindfcr^ any Way. 

IV. That no Siege fnall be begun, or continued, 
c againft Gloucejler ; and that his Majefty's Forces, 

* now employed in the Siege, fhall return to Ciren- 

ct/ftr 9 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iS. Car. l. cefter, and Malm/bury, or to Oxford, as fhall be 

1642. t mo ft f or their Conveniency : That the Parliament's 

*T""" V "~**' * Forces which are in G loucefter/hire (hall remain 

iary ' in the Cities of Gloucejler, Brijlol, and the Caftle 

' and Town of Berkley ; or retire nearer to Wind- 

' for, as they (hall fee Caufe j and that thofe of 

* Wales, which are drawn to Gloucester, (hall return 

* into their Quarters where they were before they 
' drew down to Gloucejierjhire; 

V. ' That in Cafe it be pretended, on either Side, 
that the Ceflation is violated, no Act of Hoftility 

* is immediately to follow ; but, firft, the Party 

* complaining is to acquaint the Lord-General on 
' the other Side, and to allow three Days, after No- 

* tice given for Satisfaction : And in Cafe Satisfac- 

* tion be not given or accepted, then five Days No- 

* tice to be given before Hoftility begin : And the 
' like to be obferved, in the remoter Armies, by the 
' Commanders in Chief. 

' Laftly, That all other Forces in the Kingdom 
' of England and Dominion of Wales, and not be- 
' fore-mentioned, mall remain in the fame Quar- 
ters and Places as they are at the Time of the 

* publifhing of this Ceflation, and under the fame 

* Conditions as are mentioned in the Articles before ; 
' and that this Ceflation (hall not extend to reftrain 

* the fetting forth, or employing, of any Ships for 

* the Defence of his Majefty's Dominions. 

* All which they humbly defire his Majefty will 
' be pleafed to ratify and confirm, and that this Cef^ 

* fation may begin upon the fourth of March next, 

* or fooner if it may be, and continue untill the 

* twenty-fifth of the fame Month ; and, in the mean 
' Time, to be publifhed to the Commanders, Of- 
' ficers, and Soldiers, and all other his Majefty'a 
' loving Subjects on either Side ; and that the Treaty 
' intended may commence upon the fourth of March 

* next, or fooner if it may be ; and the Continuance 
' thereof not to exceed twenty Days. 

The fame Day a Petition was prefented to the 
Lords, from the City of London^ bjr four Alder- 

Of E N G L A N D. 177 

men, importing, That by the Ordinance lately An. 18. Car. I 
made for the weekly Supply of io,ooo/. the faid 
Sum is too much for the City to bear, i:i regard 
of the Inequity between them and the Rates of 
other Counties, and they defired that there might Petition from 
be a clearer Explanation than is yet by the faid Or- theCit y of Lea ~ 
dinance made : Alfo a full Declaration to free the** weddy'Af" 
Citizens of London, for their Houfes and Lands ly-f e ffinent. 
ing in feveral Counties ; they being affeffed and pay- 
ing in the City. 

The Aldermen were called in and told, That 
fince their Petition was directed to both Houfes of 
Parliament, the Lords would communicate it to the 
Commons,, and confider of it in due Time. 

The Commons fent up an Ordinance as a Secu- 
rity to the City for the late Loan of 60,000 /. at 8 /. 
per Cent, the Principal to be repaid out of the firft 
Monies to be raifed by the Weekly Afleffment, 
now forthwith to be laid as well on the reit of the 
Kingdom as on the City of London. Agreed to by 
the Lords ; and particular Commiffioners were na- 
med and appointed to go down into the feveral 
Counties, to fee this extraordinary Tax levied, and 
the Ordinance for it duly executed, which amounted, 
according to an Hiftorian of that Age, to 33,5807. 
a Week. ' 

Notwithftanding the King's Anfwer to the Parlia- 
ment's Petition about putting off the Aflizes, they 
concluded, That the Oath the Judges had taken to 
obey the King's Mandates, and that they might be 
prejudiced in obeying the Parliament, were no Rea- 
fons for holding the Aflizes in thefe Times ; when 
the Power of the Sword was fo prevailing, that the 
public Juflice of the Kingdom could not be admi- 
niftered in an equal and indifferent Way : They 
therefore ordained, That the feveral Judges and The Par 
Juftices of Afiize of the feveral Courts, &c. fhould forbid the 
forbear to execute any Comgiiflions of Aflize this to g their Cu- 
. Lent Vacation, as they would anfwer the Contempt cuits 
thereof at their Peril. 

VOL. XII. M The 

a Sir Cnrgt Wk art-si? i Chronology, 

178 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. The laft Thing that both Houfes agreed upon, as 
this Day, was the naming and appointing Com- 
mifl i ners to go u P n tne Oxford Treaty. The 
Lords named the Karl of Northumberland and the 
Commiflioners Lord Vifcount Say and Sele ; and the Commons, Sir 
appointed for the William Armyn, Sir John Holland, Mr. Pierpoint, 
Treaty atOx/W. an d Mr. Whitlocke. It was alfo ordered, That the 
Speaker of the Houfe of Lords fhould fend the Ar- 
ticles relating to the CefTation, inclofed in a Letter 
to the Lord Falkland, the King's Principal Secretary 
of State ; and likewife to defire a Safe- Conduct from 
his Majefty, for the Commiflioners of both Houfes 
to go to Oxford and back again. 

An Ordinance of Parliament was now made for 
fortifying the Cities of London and IVeftminJler, and 
the Borough of Southward, and the flopping up all 
High-ways and Bye-ways leading to them, &c. 

March 2. The neighbouring Counties aflbciating 
with one another againft the King, was much en- 
couraged by the Parliament. The King did all he 
could to prevent it, by Proclamations, &c. and, this 
Day, one of them was fent up to the Lords by the 
Commons, with the latter's Refolutions and Votes 
upon it ; to which they defired the Lords Concur- 
rence : A Copy of which we think proper to infert, 
as a Specimen of many more, in the Journals, of 
the fame Kind. 

By the KIN G. 

His MAJESTY'J PROCLAMATION, forbidding all 
his loving Subjects of the Counties 0/"Kent, Surrey, 
Suflex, and Hampshire, to raife any Forces with- 
out his Majefty's Confent, or to enter into any Af- 
fociation or Proteftation for the Ajfytance of the 
Rebellion againft his Maje/ly. 

The King's Pro- "TT THereas we have been informed of certain 
damation againft < yy p ropo fitions agreed upon by fome feditious 

the Afiociations ,r r T f r f \" f^ r . } , p 

in Favour of the "erfons of our feveral Counties of Kent, Surrey, 

Parliament. SuJJex, and Hampjhire, for an Aflbciation betwixt 

the faid Counties, to raife an Army of 3000 Foot 


. Of ENGLAND. 179 

* and 300 Horfe, and great Sums of Money for the An. iR.Car. ! 

* Maintenance thereof, and an Invitation to our good 1643. 

' Subjects of thofe Counties, to enter into a Prote- V "*M^h" J 
' ftation to aflift them in this odious and unnatural 
' Rebellion : We do hereby declare, for the Satisfac- 

* tion of all our loving Subjects of thofe Counties, 

* and that they may not be feduced from their Obe- 
' dience by the Cunning and Subtilty of thofe Men, 
' That the Entry into fuch an Aflbciation and Pro- 
' reflation, and raifingof Men, or contributing Mo- 
4 ney unto the fame, is an Act of High Treafon, 
' and an Endeavour to take away our Life from us : 
' And we do therefore ftraitly charge and command 

* all our loving Subjects whatfoever, upon their Al- 
' legiance, not to enter into any fuch Aflbciation or 
' Proteftation ; and that fuch as, by Colour of fuch 
' Authority, have aflembled together, do immedi- 
' ately difband, and repair to their Houfes. 

' And we do, once more, renew our Offer of a 

* free and gracious Pardon to all our Subjects of our 

* faid four feveral Counties, excepting thofe whom. 
' we before excepted in our feveral Proclamations 

* concerning thofe our Counties ; againft all which 
' we lhall proceed according to the Rules of the 
( Law, as againft Perfons guilty of High Treafon ; 
' and whom we do hereby require all our Officers 
' and Minifters of Juftice, and all our loving Sub- 
' jecls whatfoever, to apprehend, and caufe to be 
kept in fafe Cuftody. 

' And our exprefs Pleafure is, and we do hereby 
' will and command all the feveral Tenants of the 

* Perfons excepted in our Proclamation for thofe 
' four Counties of Kent^ Surrey, SuJ/ex t and Hamp- 

* Jhire, and all other Perfons who are any ways in- 

* debted unto them, and all the Tenants to any 
' other Perfon of any of the faid Counties who is 
' now in actual and open Rebellion againft us, or 
' who, after the publifhing of this our Proclamation, 
' fhall contribute to the Maintenance of the Armies 
' now in Rebellion againft us, under the ConducT: 
' of Robert Earl of Effex, or of any other Perfon or 
' PerfonSj or that (hall join in any fuch traiterous 

M 2 Aflb- 

1 80 ^The Parliamentary Hi STORY 

18. Car. l. Aflbciation or Proteftation, That they forbear to- 
pay any Rents or Debts due to the faid feveral Per- 
' f ns * kut Detain tn e f ame > n their Hands towards 
' the Maintenance of the Peace of thofe Counties, 
' and the Reparation of fuch Men who have fuf- 
' fered by the Violence of others. 

' And if any Soldier pr Soldiers, now under Com- 
'. mand againft us in either of our faid Counties, 

* {hall, within fix Days after the publifhing of this 
4 our Proclamation, apprehend and bring before us, 
' or any Officers of our Army, or any other our 

* Minifters of Jufttce, fo that thePerfon apprehended 
be kept in fafe Cuftody, the Bodies of any of the 

* Perfons fo excepted by us, or of any of the Com- 

* manders or Officers now in Rebellion againft us x 

* in any of the faid four Counties, fuch Soldiers, be- 

* fides their Pardons, (hall receive fuch liberal Re- 

* wards, by Penfions or otherwife, as their feveral 

* Services, in refpect of the Qualities of the Perfons- 

* fo apprehended, fhall deferve. 

* And if any Commander or Officer, except the 

* Perfon fo excepted, now in Rebellion againft us, 
' in any of the faid four Counties, {hall, within five 

* Days after this our Proclamation publiflied, being 

* convinced in his Confcience of his damnable Of- 

* fence againft God and us, in afiifting this odious 

* Rebellion, return to his Allegiance, and repair to 
' our Army, and commit no hoftile A6fc in the mean 

* while aga'rnft us, we {hall not only pardon him, but 

* fo far employ him as his Quality and Demeanor 

* {hall deferve. 

' And we do hereby require all our loving Sub- 
*-Je6ls, of what Degree or Quality foever, within- 
' our faid four feveral Counties, upon their Ailegi- 

* ance, and as they tender the Caufe of God, (the 

* Proteftant Religion being invaded and threatened 

* to be rooted up by Anabaptifts, Brownifts, and 

* Atheifts) of us and our Poftcrity, (our Life being 

* fought after hi this Rebellion) and of themfelves, 
' (the Law and Liberty of the Subject being in ap- 

* parent Hazard to be fubjecled to an arbitrary law- 
' lefc Power of a few fchifmatical, factious, and am- 

* bilious 

Of E N G L A N D. 181 

* bitious Perfons) to affift us in Perfon, or with theAn. 
c Loan of Money, Plate, and Horfes, in this our pre- 

* fent great Neceffity. 

* And having faid thus much out of our tender 
e Regard of our Subjects of thofe our Counties, if 

* they (hall henceforv/ard be guilty of the Premifes ; 

* and fhall, either by Loan or Contribution, affift 

* the faid Army of Rebels, or aflemble and mufter 
' themfelves in Arms, without Authority derived 

* from us under our Hand ; or fhall enter into any 

* Oath of Aflbciation for oppofing us and our Army, 

* and fo compel us to fend Part of our Forces thither 
6 to reduce them to their Obedience, they muft an- 
' fwer to God and their Country for the Miferies 
that muft follow. 

' And our Pleafure is, That this our Proclamation 
4 be read in all the Parifh Churches and Chapels in 
* the faid four feveral Counties. 

Given at our Court at Oxford, this fifteenth Day 
of February, in the eighteenth Year of our 

This Proclamation being read, the Houfe of Com- 
mons defired their Lordfhips Concurrence in the 
following Votes : 

1. ' That in this Proclamation, prohibiting thevotesofth 
Aflbciation of divers Counties, and the Con tribu- Commons tb 
tions to the Army under the Earl of EJJex^ there are u P n * 
contained divers falfe and fcandalous Charges upon 

the Proceedings of Parliament; and that it is Trea- 
fon to the Commonwealth in thofe that advifed his 
Majefty to the fetting forth of this Proclamation ; 
and likewife in all fuch as (haH publifti the fame, or 
act any thing upon it ; and that the Houfes will pro- 
ceed againft them according to Law. 

2. ' That whofoever did advife the fetting forth 
of this Proclamation, did thereby exprefs a malici- 
ous Intention to hinder the- Treaty, and the happy 
Peace and Union to be hoped from thence, between 
fhe King and the People. 

M 3 3- ' That 

182 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. 3. < That thefe feveral Counties of Kent> Surrey, 
. * 2 ' Suffix^ HampJhirC) or any other Counties, notwich- 
Maich. ftanding any thing in this Proclamation, may pro- 
ceed to afibciate themfelves. 

4. * That the Lords be moved that a Commit- 
tee be nominated of fome Members of both Houfes, 
for drawing a Declaration for vindicating the Pro- 
ceedings of Parliament' from the Scandals in this 
Proclamation, and upon the other Matters contained 
in thefe Votes.' 

The Houfe of Commons alfo defired the Time 
might be taken Notice of, in the Declaration, when 
this Proclamation was made ; which was prefently 
after the King had fent a MefTage to both Houfes, 
defiring a Treaty and Ceffation of Arms, that fo all 
Differences might be fettled betwixt his Majefty 
and the Parliament. 

To all which the ^ e Lords concurred with the Houfe of Com- 
Loids agree. mons in all the aforefaid Votes, and nominated the 
Earls of Northumberland a , Pembroke b , Holland c , 
Warwick d , and Bolingbroke % and the Lord Vifcount 
Say and Sele f , to join with a proportionable Number 
of the Houfe of Commons to draw up the faid De~ 

March 6. This Day the Lords received an An- 
fwer from the King to their Articles of Ceflation, 
which was as follows : 

The King's Ar- 
ticles of Cefla- 

HI-S Majefty hoped the Treaty would have 
been begun, and the Ceflation agreed on long 
j and that much might, in this Time, have 
been concluded in ordur to the Peace and Hap- 
pinefs of the Kingdom j but fmce, in almoft a 
Month (for his Majefty's Propofitions were made 
on the third of February^ and he heard not fmce 
from both Houfes till the firft of March) no Con- 
fent hath been yielded to it, he conceives the Cef- 
fation cannot begin fo foon as the fourth of this 
Month ; by which Time, though his Majefty ufes 
no Delay in making his Anfwer) the fame can 

* hardly 

Algtrntn Piercy b Philip Herbert. c Henry Rich, 

Rcbtrt Rich, Oliver St. John, f William f tenet. 

Of ENGLAND. 183 

c hardly be returned to them; and many of the Ar-An, 18. Car. I. 

4 tides now prefented to him from both Houfes con- 

4 cerning the Ceflation, are fo ftridr., that fuch of MaichT 

4 his good Subjects, who are not of his Army (and 

4 for whom, generally, he {hall always have a prin- 

4 cipal, juft, and compaflionate Regard) receive not 

4 any Benefit, or are reftored to any Liberty there- 

4 by, which his Majefty {hall ever infift upon, (when 

4 in Matters meerly concerning himfelf, he may 

4 defcend to eafier Conditions) and which he hath 

4 returned with fuch Alterations, as he doubts not 

4 both his Houfes will confent to ; and do fufficient- 

4 ly manifeft how follicitous his Majefty is for the % 

4 Good of his People, and how defirous he is that, 

4 in this unnatural Contention, no more Blood of 

4 his Subjects may be fpilt, (upon which he looks 

4 with much Grief, Companion, and Tendernefs 

4 of Heart) even of thofe who have lifted up their 

4 Hands againft him : And his Majefty therefore de- 

4 fires (againft which he can imagine no Objection 

4 can be made) That the Ceflation may begin upon 

4 the twelfth of this Month, or fooner, if the Con- 

4 ditions of the Ceflation {hall be fooner agreed on, 

4 and is willing the fame {hall continue for twenty 

4 Days ; in which Time he hopes by the Treaty, 

4 and a clear Underftanding of each other, a full 

4 Peace and Happinefs may be eftabliflied through- 

4 out the Kingdom. And, during that Time, his 

4 Majefty is willing that neither Side {hall be bound 

4 or limited by this Ceflation in any otherwife, or to 

4 any other Purpofe, than is hereafter exprefled. 

I. 4 That all Manner of Arms, Ammunition, 
4 Money, Bullion, and Victuals, paffing for the 
* Ufe of either Army, without a Pafs or Safe-Con- 
4 duel from the Generals of each Army, may be 
4 flayed and feized on, as if no Ceflation was agreed 
4 on at all. 

II. ' That all Officers and Soldiers of either Ar- 
4 my, pafling without fuch Licence or Safe-Conduct 
4 as aforefaid, may be apprehended and detained, 
4 as if no fuch Ceflation was agreed on at all : And 


184 f fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aa. i?. Car. i. that all Manner of Perfons, his Majefty's Subject, 

****' ' of what Quality or Condition foever (except Of- 

March.~ P * ^ cers and Soldiers of either Army) fhall pafs to 

' and from the Cities of Oxford and London, and 

' back again at their Pleafures, during this Ceflation ; 

* as likewife to and from any other Parts ot his Ma- 
' jefty's Dominions, without any Search, Stay, or 
' Imprifonment of their Perfons, or Seizure and De- 
' tention of their Goods or Eftates ; and that all 

* Manner of Trade, Traffick, and Commerce be 
4 free and open between all his Majefty's Subjects, 

* excepting as aforefaid, between the Officers and 
4 Soldiers of either Army j or for Arms, Ammuni- 
' tion, Money, Bullion, or Victuals, for the Ufe 
' of either Army, without a Pafs or Safe-Conduct 

* as aforefaid ; which may be a good Beginning to 

* renew the Trade and Correfpondence of the King- 

* dom, and whereby his good Subjects may be re- 
' ftored to the Liberty and Freedom they were born 
' to, and have fo happily enjoyed till thefe miferable 
c Diftradtions ; and which, even during this War ? 

* his Majefty hath, to his utmolt, laboured to pre- 

* ferve j opening the Way, by moft ftricl: Proclama- 
tions, to the Pafiage of all Commodities, even to, 

* the City of London itfelf. 

III. ' That his M.jcfty's Forces in Oxfordshire 

* fhall advance no nearer to JVindfor than Wheatley % 
' and, in Buckinohatnjhire, no nearer to Aylejbury 
' than Brill', and that in Berkjbire^ the Forces refpec- 
' lively fhall not advance nearer the one to the other 
than they fhall be at the Day to be agreed upon for 

* the Ceflation to begin ; and that the Forces of 

* the other Army in Oxfordfhire y fhall advance no 

* nearer to Oxford than Henley \ and thofe in Buck" 
c inghamjbire no nearer to Oxford than Aylejbury j 

* and th?.t the Forces of neither Army fhall advance 

* their Quarters nearer to each other than they fhall 

* be upon the Day agreed on for the Ceflation to be- 

* gin, otherwife than in PafTage and Communication 
' between their feveral Quarters rcfpcclively, with- 

* out any Ads of Hoflility to each other ; but may 

Of E N G L A N D 185 

' enlarge themfelves within their own Quarters re- An. 18. Car. j. 

* fpetively, as they (hall find convenient. l6 4* 

IV. ' That the Forces of either Army in Glou- ^TT^^"^ 

5 cejlerjhire, Wiltjkire, and Wales , as likewife in the 

* Cities of Ghucejler and Erijlol^ and the Cattle and 
' Town of Berkley, (hall be guided by the Rule ex- 

* prefs'd in the latter Part of the precedent Article. 

V. * That in Cafe it be pretended on either Side, 
' That the CcfTation is violated, no Ad of Hoftility 

< is immediately to follow ; but firft the Party com- 
c plaining is to acquaint the Lord-General on 

* the other Side, and to allow three Days, after 
' Notice, for Satisfaction ; and in Cafe Satisfaction, 
' be not given or accepted, then five Days Notice tp 

6 be given before Hoftility begin : And the like tp 
' be obferved in the remoter Armies by the Com* 
' manders in Chief. 

VI. That all other Forces in the Kingdom of 
England and Dominion of Wales > not before men- 

< tioned, fhall remain in the fame Quarters and 
' Places, as they are at the Time of publifhing this 
Ceflation, otherwife than in Paflage and Commu- 
.' nication between their feveral Quarters, as is men- 

* tioned in the latter Part of the third Article : And 
' that this Ceflation IhaJl not extend to reftrain the 
fetting forth, or employing, any Ships for the De- 
' fence of his Majefty's Dominions ; provided that 
his Majefty be firft acquainted with the Particu- 
4 lars, and that fuch Ships as (hall be fet forth be 
' commanded by fuch Perfons as his Majefty fhall 

* approve of. 

Lajlfy, t That, during the Ceflation } none of his 
' Majefty's Subjects be imprifoned, otherwife than 
' according to the known Laws of the Land ; and 
6 that there fhall be no Plundering or Violence offer- 
' ed to any of his Subjects. And his Majefty is 

< very willing, if there be any Scruples made con- 
' cerning thefe Proportions and Circumftances of 
the Ceffation, that the Committee for the Treaty, 

* neverthelefs, may immediately come hither, and 

4 fo all Matters concerning the Ceflation may be 

5 here fettled by him,' 


j86 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 18. Car. I. At the fame Time came a Letter of Safe-Condu6t 

1644. for all the Parliament's Commiflioners, except the 

.* v' Lord Say. His Majefty's Reafons for objecting to 

March. tne j a fl. were> That his Lordfhip was excepted 

His Maiefty *g*&-> ty Name, in his Proclamation, at Oxford, 

grants a Safe- of the third of November, and by Writ to the She- 

Conduft toall^ r iff proclaimed then in that County; in which his 

the Parliament's Ma j eft>s i ntent i on j s declared to 'proceed againft 

Commiilioners, . J * n f .. _ r _. , _, r \ r 

cept the Lord him as a Perfon guilty of High Treafon ; and fo 
Saj. falling to be within the Cafe of Sir John Evelyn, 

who, upon the fame Exception, was not admitted 
to attend his Majefty, with the reft of the Commit- 
tee, at Colebrooke, in November laft ; yet his Maje- 
fty did fignify, that in Cafe the Houfe fhall think 
fit to fend any other Perfon in the Place of the Lord 
Say, who is not included in the like Exception, his 
Majefty hath commanded all his Officers, Soldiers, 
and other Subjects to fuffer him as freely to pafs and 
repafs, as if his Name had been particularly compri- 
zed in the Safe-Conduct.' 

With thefe Objections to the Lord Say came alfo 
the following Meffage relating to the Ceflation : 

-H 1 

and R< 

I S Majefty is content that his Propofition 
concerning the Magazines, Forts, Ships, 
Levenue, and the Propofition of both Houfes 

* for the Difbanding of the Armies, (hall be firft 

* treated of, and agreed of before the proceeding to 

* treat upon any of the other Propofitions ; and that, 
4 afterward, the fecond of his Majefty's, and the 
4 fecond of theirs, be treated on and agreed of, and 

* fo on in the fame Order ; and that, from the Be- 

* ginning of the Treaty, the Time may not exceed 
' twenty Days ; in which, he hopes, a full Peace and 
' right Underftanding may be eftablifhed throughout 
' the Kingdom.' 

After the reading of thefe Matters in the Houfc 
of Lords, the Lord Say ftood up and faid, That 
he never heard of this Proclamation'before ; what he 
did was in Obedience to the Commands of the Par- 

Of E N G L A N D. 187 

liament, for the fettling of the County of Oxford An. 18. Car. . 
in Quietnefs and Security ; and if he fhall be pro- 
claimed a Perfon guilty of High Treafon, for doing 
his Duty to the Commands of Parliament, it will be 
a Cafe worthy their Lordfhips Confideration, as a 
Thing which much concerns the Privileges of Par- 
liament : But, for his Part, rather than the Treaty 
and Ceflation of Arms, for obtaining a happy Peace 
between the King and Kingdom, fliould be hin- 
dered, he defired the Lords to give him Leave to at- 
tend this Houfe, and difpenfe with his going on the 
Service. But the Lords, conceiving this Precedent 
trenched on the efiential Proceedings of Parliament, 
left it freely to the Lord Say, either to go or ftay as 
he (hall think proper; as in the like Cafe of Sir 
John Evelyn in the Houfe of Commons. 

Both Houfes agreed to appoint a Committee to 
confider of the King's laft Meflage on the Cefla- 
tion, and report back what they think fit to be dons 
about it. 

March 7. A Meflage came up from the Com -The King's Ar 
mons, with their Thoughts on the King's laft Arti-t'cies of Ceflk- 
cles for a Ceflation, That fince the Parliament had* 
before, fent Committees to confult with the Lord- 
General about them, they think it fit that the fame 
Committee may be fent again to acquaint him with 
it, and defue his Advice therein. The Lords Field- 
ing and Hunfdon were fent to the General for that 

March 9. Thefe Lords reported to the Houfe the 
Effeft of their Embafly to the Earl of Effex, That - 
he had called a Council of War to his Afliftance ; 
and, upon due Confideration of the King's Articles, 
they offered fome Inconveniences which might en- 
fue by accepting the fame, which were read in h<zc 
Verba : 

' rriHAT however any Cautions which his Ex- His ObjcQiow 
* J_ cellency fhall propound by way of Advice 10 them - 
6 concerning the Ceflation, as is now by his Maje- 

1 88 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I.* fty propounded in thefe Articles may be fubjec"r. to 
1642. < Misinterpretations, as if he were difaffe&ed to 

* Peace ; neverihelefs, in Satisfaction to the Defire 

* of both Houfes, his Excellency offereth unto their 
4 Consideration thefe following Inconveniences : 

4 To the firft Article thefe Difficulties are pro- 
4 pounded : 

1. ' That it cannot pofiibly be known or difcerned 
4 what Carriages of Arms, Ammunition, Bullion, 
4 and Victuals, are intended for the Ufe of the Ar- 
-* my, and which are not ; whereby continual Con- 
4 tentions are like to arife among the Guards of the 
4 refpedtiye Quarters, which will endanger the Vio- 
4 lation of the Ceffation, and the Breach of this 
4 Treaty. 

2. ' The Words in the laft Claufe being ambi- 
c guous, The Generals of each Army, oughc to be 
4 made clearer by this Expreffion, The Generals of 
4 both Armies , as well of his Majefty's as the Parlia- 

* meat's Army. 

To the fecond Article : 

4 It is fcarcely difcernible who is a Soldier, and 

* who not ; and then he who was a Soldier Yefter- 
4 day, may, Tc-day, be cafliier'd to qualify him for 
4 another Defign in either Army ; and, as this Ar- 

* tide lieth, 500 of his Majefty's Army may be ca- 
4 ihier'd for the Purpofe, and fent into London, to be 
4 in the Head of the Malignant Party : Befides, if 
4 they be Soldiers or not Soldiers, the unreftrained 
4 Paffage of all other Perfons muft, of Neceffity, in- 
4 fufe Intelligence and bad Impreffures in the Minds 

* of Men in each Army j and the Paffage of Com- 

* modities, which muft be attended by divers "Per- 

* fons, will open a Way to the fame Inconveniences ; 
4 moreover, upon the free Paffage of Commodities, 
4 will, of Neceflity, follow the Importation of Mo- 
4 ney into each Army ; which is agreed to be re- 
4 ftrained by the firft Article. Furthermore, in the 
4 Paffage of Carriages, unfearched, by Water or 

* Land, all Manner of warlike Provifions and con- 

* traband Goods may be pack'd up and carried into 
4 each Army, as foon as the Carriages, who pre- 

Of ENGLAND. 189 

* tend to go to another Place, be pad the Guards of An. iS. Car. I. 

* the refpeciive Quarters : Neither can the Search of 4642. 

* Goods and Perfons be made without great Difputes v - """v- J 

* and Quarrels, whereby daily Breaches and Inter- Marck 
' ruptions of the Ceflation are to be expected. 

' In Confideration of which Premifes, it will be 

* fafer for the Subjects to reftrain the Paflage of 
' Commodities for a fmall Time ; which, being but 

* twenty Days at the moft, cannot be of any great 
4 Prejudice. 

To the third Article : 

' It is faid that the Claufe of the Communication, 
' betwixt the feveral Quarters refpe&ively, admits 
' of fo great a Latitude, that thereby the Forces of 

* Cornwall and Newcajlle may be drawn together 

* without Violation of the Ceflation. 

To the laft Article: 

* It is faid that the former Part of this Article, 
' prohibiting to imprifon any Subjeft otherwife than 

* by the known Laws of the Land, doth contradict 

* the'fecond Article, which giveth Licence to appre- 
' hend and detain Soldiers that have no Safe-Condu<5fc 
by Law of War. 

' For the latter Part of this Article it is requifite 
' to explain it thus, That no Violence Jhall be offered 
' to any Subjeft, unlefs it be in Cafe of Difobedience t9 
4 the Order of one or both Houfes of Parliament.'' 

A Meffage was fent to the Houfe of Commons 
by Sir Robert Rich and Mr. Page, to communicate 
this Advice of the Lord-General to them, and to 
defire that the felecfc Committees of both Houfes, 
formerly appointed to confider of the King's Anfwer 
touching the Articles of the Ceflation of Arms, may 
meet this Afternoon at Two o'Clock, and take this 
Paper, fent from my Lord-General, into Confider- 
ation ; and prepare what they conceive fit to be 
done thereupon, and offer the fame to the Confider- 
ation of both Houfes. 

But whilft thefe Affairs, tending; towards Peace, 
were in Agitation, both Sides were watchful to take 


190 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 18. Car. I. Advantage of each other, before the CefTation took 
l_ <r ^* _j Place, the Spring being now advanced, and the Sea- 
March. * n fi* ^ or Action. Accordingly 

A Meffage was, this Day, brought from the Com- 
mons, defiring a prefent Conference, touching fome 
Intelligence they had received from their Lord-Ge- 
neral ; which was agreed to. 

The Commons The Speaker reported, * That, at this Confe- 
teceive Advice ofrence, the Houfe of Commons acquainted their Lord- 
Prince Rufen's fljips with Letters received from Sir Robert Cook, to 
3 * et tnem know th at Prince Rupert is within four 
Miles of Brijlol, and intends to affault that City : 
Upon this the Lord-General intends, To-morrow, 
to march out from If^indfor with the whole Army ; 
but defires there might be fome Courfe taken to 
furnifh and fupply Money and Victuals ; for the 
effecting hereof the Houfe of Commons have made 
fome Votes, wherein they defire their Lordfhips 

The Votes were read as follow : 

1. ' That this Houfe doth approve of the Lord- 
General's Refolutions to march, upon Information 
that the King's Forces are in Motion ; and that 
Thanks be given unto him for his Care of the Safety 
of the Kingdom. 

2. ' That the Lord Mayor be defined, that a 
Common Council be called to meet To-morrow 
at Ten o'Clock ; and that a Committee of both 
Houfes may go thither ; and that a Supply of Mo- 
ney, and other Afliftance, may be propounded and 
dellred for the important Service of the Army now 
to march.' 

Both thefe Votes were agreed to by the Lords. 
V ffc Next it was reported, ' That the Houfe of Com- 

Houfes in Con-mons nave received fome Letters from the North, 
iequence thereof, by which it feems there is fome Difference amongft 
the Officers which command in Chief there ; where- 
upon the Houfe of Commons have pafled fome 
Votes, wherein they defire their Lordfhips Concur- 
rence, viz. 

I. l That Letters be fent to the Lord-Lieutenants 
and Deputy -Lieutenants of the Counties of Lincoln, 


Of ENGLAND. 191 

Nottingham, and Derby, to fend what Forces they An. 18. Car. I 
can, with all convenient Speed, to the Lord Fair- l6 4 2 

**L That the Lord Fairfax (hall be defired to go March ' ' 
in Perfon, if he can, with the beft Strength he hath, 
to the Aid of Captain Hotham, in the Eaft-Riding of 
the County of York ; if not, to fend 1000 Foot at 
leaft, or more, if he can fpare them, to oppofe the 
Army under the Command of the Earl ofNewca/ilet 
and that the Committee for the Safety of the King- 
dom do prepare thefe Letters.' 

The Lords agreed to both thefe Votes alfo. 

March 10. The Lords were informed of a Re- The Queen, oa 
port that fome Ships, fet out by the Parliament, had her Return to 
(hot at the Houfe where the Queen lodged, after fae^'^** 
had landed at Bridllngton, in Yorkjhire^ and had kil-the Parliament'! 
led a Man very near her Majefty. Ships fire upon 

Lord Clarendon gives us the following Particulars 11 " 
of this Affair : ' About the Middle of February the 
Queen took Shipping from Holland, in a Dutchh/lan 
of War, affigned by the Prince of Orange, with 
others for her Convoy, and arrived fafely in Brid- 
HngtonBay, upon the Coaft ofYorkJhirei where fhe 
had the Patience to flay on Shipboard, at Anchor, 
the Space of two Days, till the Earl of Newcajlle 
had Notice to draw fuch Part of his Forces that 
Way, as might fecure her Landing, and wait on, 
her to York ; which he no fooner did, (and he did 
it with all imaginable Expedition) but her Majefty 
came on Shore ; and, for the prefent, was pleafed to 
refrefh herfelf in a convenient Houfe upon the very 
Key, where all Accommodations were made for her 
Reception ; there being many Things of Moment 
to be unfhipped before flie could reafonably enter 
upon her Journey towards York. 

* The fecond Day after the Queen's Landing, 
Batten, Vice-Admiral to the Earl of Warwick, (who 
had waited to intercept her Paflage) with four of the 
King's Ships, arrived in Bridlington Road ; and, 
finding that her Majefty was landed, and that he 


i g 2 'The Parliamentary Hi STORY 

An. 18. Car. L lodged upon the Key, bringing his Ships to the* 
j6 4 z. near eft Diftance, being very early in the Morning, 
difcharged above 100 Cannon, (whereof many were 
laden with Crofs-bar Shot, for the Space of two 
Hours upon the Houfe where her Majefty was 
Jodged ; whereupon fhe was forced out of her Bed, 
fome of the Shot making Way through her own 
Chamber, and to fhelter herfeH under a Bank in the 
open Fields ; which barbarous and treafonable Aft, 
fays his Lordfhip, was fo much the more odious, in 
that the Parliament never fo far took Notice of it as 
to difavow it.' 

This laft Circumftance is confirmed by the Lords 
Journals, in which we find, That though that Houfe, 
upon Information of the above Report, ordered, That 
the Earl ^Warwick be defired to examine the Truth 
of this Bufinefs, and certify it to their Houfe, when 
their Lordftiips would take it into further Confidera- 
tion ; yet nothing more was done upon it : But we 
are told in the Commons Journals, That it being fuf- 
pefted the Ships which brought over the Queen, then 
lying before Bridlington, had fome Deiign upon 
Hull, a Letter was oideretl to be fent to the Earl 
of Warwick to fend fome Ships from his Squadron, 
which might prevent any Mifchief from that Quar- 
ter. Her Majefty fhortly after removed to 

ajefty ar- fork, where fhe had been many Weeks expected, 

>ives at York. as a pp eaj - s by fome Paflages in the laft Letter from 
the Lord Fairfax to the Speaker of the Houfe of 

Both Houfes were employed feveral Days in fra- 
ming, a-new, their Articles of Cefiation, on the 
Military Plan laid down by the Earl of EJJex and his 
chief Officers, and many Alterations and Emenda- 
tions were made in them. 

March 14. The Commons, at a Conference 
this Day, acquainted the Lords with divers Letters 
they had received from Briftol, concerning a bloody 
Maflacre, as it is termed, intended to have been exe- 

Of ENGLAND. 193 

ecuted in that City. The Letters were read, but An. 18. Car. I. 
are not entered ; upon Confideration thereof, the 
Commons made the following Votes : March. 

1. * That a Declaration might pafs from both 
Houfes, to fet forth this Confpiracy to the whole 

2. ' That an Ordinance might pafs for the fei- 
zing the Eftates of all the Confpirators to be employ- 
ed for the Maintenance of the War ; and that they 
may be proceeded againft, by Direction of the Lord- 
General, according to the Law of Arms. 

3. * The next Lord's Day to be appointed for 
giving public Thanks in the City, and another Day 
throughout the whole Kingdom.' 

The Lords agreed to thefe Votes, and a Com- 
mittee of both Houfes was appointed to draw up a 
Declaration of the FacT:, to be printed and publifli- 
ed. A Letter of Thanks was alfo ordered to be fent 
down to Brjftol, to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sol- 
diery there, for their careful Service in this Buli- 

It was not untill this Day, (March 17) after ma- 
ny Meflages and Conferences between the Houfes, 
and fome Stiffnefs {hewn on both Sides, that the 
Articles for a Ceflation were wholly finifhed and 
thoroughly agreed to by them. They were then 
ordered to be fent to the King by their Commiffion- 
ers, with full InftrucYions how to act in this Treaty. 
Thefe two Inftruments are of too much Significan- 
cy in thefe Enquiries to be omitted. And, firft, 
we (hall give the Articles for a Ceflation : 

r I ^ H E Lords and Commons in Parliament, TheParliament's 

being ftill carried on with a vehement De- * "! cl . es for a 
fire of Peace, that fo the Kingdom may fpeedily SJ?Ad3"Jf 
be freed from the Defolation and Deftru&ion the Earl of .E^x. 
wherewith it is like to be overwhelmed if the 
War mould continue, have, with as much Ex- 
pedition as they could, confider'.d of the Articles of 
Ceflation, with thofe Alterations and Additions 
VOL. XII. N < offered 

194 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. * offered by his Majefty, unto which they are read/ 
i64z. < to agree in fuch Manner as is exprefled in theie 
* v ' ' enfuing Articles, viz. 

March. j 'p nat a jj ]vj anner o f Arms, Ammunition, 

' Victual, Money, Bullion, and all other Commo- 

* dities, pafling without a Safe-Conduct from the 
' Generals of both Armies, as well of his Maje- 
' fty's as of the Armies raifed by the Parliament, 

* may be flayed and feized on, as if no fuch Cefla- 
' tion were agreed on at all. 

II. ' That all Manner of Perfons, pafling with- 

* out fuch a Safe-Conduct as is mentioned in the 

* Article next going before, (hall be apprehended 

* and detained, as if no fuch Ceflation were agreed 
on at all. 

III. That his Majefty's Forces in Oxfordjhire 
' fhall advance no nearer to IVindfor than I'/heatley ; 
and, in Buckingbamjhire, no nearer to Aylejbury 
' than Brill ; and that, in Berkjbire, the Forces re- 
' fpectively fhall not advance nearer the one to the 

* other than they (hall be at the Day to be agreed 
' on for the Ceflation to begin : And that the Forces 
of the other Army, raifed by the Parliament, fhall 

* advance no nearer to Oxford than Henley, and 
4 thofe in Buckingham/hire no nearer to Oxford than 
' Aylejbury ; and that the Forces of neither Army 

* (hall advance their Quarters nearer to each other 

* than they fhall be upon the Day agreed on for the 
' Ceflation to begin. 

IV. * That the Forces of either Army in Glou- 
cefterjhire, Wilts, and Wales, as likewife in the 
Cities of Glo-uce/ler and Br'iftol, and the Caftle and 

* Town of Berkley, fhall be guided by the Rule 
exprefled in the latter Part of the preceding Ar- 

V. ' That in Cafe it be pretended on either Side, 
' that the CefTation is violated, no Act of Hoftility 

* is immediately to follow ; but, firft, the Party 
' complaining is to acquaint the Lord-General ou 
' the other Side, and to allow three Days after No- 

* tice given for Satisfaction - t and in Cafe Satisfac- 

' tion 

Of E N G L A N D. 

* tion be not given or accepted, then five Days No- Am 18. Car. I. 

* tice to be given before Hoftilities begin ; and the 64 2 - 

4 like to be obferved in the remoter Armies by the ^-V -J 
4 Commanders in Chief. * arch * 

VI. ' That all other Forces in the Kingdom of 
4 England and Dominion of IFales, not before men- 
4 tioned, fhall remain in the fame Quarters and 
4 Places as they are at the Time of the publishing 

* of this CefTation, and under the fame Conditions 
' as are mentioned in the Articles before : And that 
4 thisCefiation fhall not extend to reftrain the fetting 
4 forth, or employing of, any Ships for the Defence 
4 of his Majefty's Dominions. 

Vlf. ' That as foon as his Majeftv (ball be plea- 

* fed to difband the Armies, which both Houfes 
4 earneftly defire may be fpeedily effected, and to 

* difarm the Papifts according to Law ; the Sub- 

* jecSts may then enjoy the Benefit of Peace in the 

* Liberty of their Perfons, Goods, and Freedom 

* of Trade; in the mean Time, the Generals and 

* Commanders of the Armies of both Sides fhall 
4 be enjoined to keep the Soldiers from plundering ; 

* which the two Houfes of Parliament have ever 

* difliked and forbidden. 

4 And for the fpeedy fettling of this fo much de- 
c fired Peace, they have thought good to fend their 

* Committees with Inftru&ions, That, if his Ma- 
4 jefty be pleafed to confent to a Cefiation, fo limit- 
4 ed and qualified, they may forthwith proceed to 
4 treat upon the Propofitions; and becaufe the Time 
4 is fo far elapfed in thefe Preparations, they defire 

* the Ceflation may begin the 25th of this inftant 
4 March, or fooner if it may be ; and, in the mean 
4 Time, Notice to be given to all the Forces in the 
4 feveral and remote Parts ; and the Commanders, 
4 Officers, and Soldiers are enjoined to obierve this 
4 Cefiation accordingly ; to which they hope and 
4 pray that God will give fuch a Blefling, that 

* thereupon Peace, Safety, and Happinefs may be 

* produced and confirmed to his Maiefty and all his 
4 People.' 

N 2 IN- 

196 7$ Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I. INSTRUCTIONS, agreed on by the LORDS and CoM" 

V_ \^j MONS > * n Parliament^ fsr Algernoon Earl cf 

March. Northumberland, William Lord Vifcount Say 

and Sele, William Pierpoint, Efq-> Sir William 

Armyn, Bart. Sir John Holland, Bart, and 

Bulftrode Whitlocke, Efq\ Committees appointed 

to attend his Majejty upon the Proportions made by 

his Majefty to the Parliament, and likewife upon 

the other Proportions humbly prefented from them 

to his Majejly. 

Their Inftmc- I. ' T7" O U fhall prefent to his Majefty the Ar- 
tionstotheCom- < tides agreed on for the Ceflation of Arms, 

S^ftSS' humbl 7 defirin g his Majefty to ratify and confirm 
' the fame under the Great Seal ; which being ob- 
' tained, you are to fend it up to the Parliament 
' with all poflible Speed ; and fhall likewife befeech 
' the King to difpatch away MefTengers to the Gene- 
' rals, Commanders, and Soldiers of all his Armies 
' and Forces, with a ftricl Command and Injunc- 
' tion, that they obferve thofe Articles of Ceflation, 
' according as they are agreed upon ; as the two 
' Houfes likewife intend to give the like Direction 
' to the Lord-General of the Armies raifed for 

* their Defence. 

II. * After his Majefty hath declared and ratified 

* the Ceflation, you (hall then proceed to the Treaty, 
beginning with the firft Propofition on his Maje- 
4 fty's Behalf, concerning his Majefty's own Reve- 
' nue, his Magazines, Towns, Forts, and Ships, 
' and thereunto make this Anfwer : 

You {hall declare, That the two Houfes of Par- 
' liament have not made Ufe of his Majefty's own 
' Revenue, but in a very fmall Proportion ; which, 
' for a good Part, hath been employed in the Main- 
' tenance of his Majefty's Children, according to 
'the Allowance eftablifhed byhimielf; and they 
' will fatisfy what fhall remain due to his Majefty 
c of thofe Sums received out of his Majefty's own 

* Revenues, and (hall leave the' fame to his Ma- 
' jefty for the Time to come. And you like- 

* wife 

Of E N G L A N D. 197 

c wife fhall propound to his Majefty, That he will An. 
e reftore what hath been taken for his Ufe, upon 
4 any of the Bills afligned to other Purpofes by feve- 
4 ral Acts of Parliament, or out of the Provifion 
4 made for the War of Ireland : 

4 That they will remove the Garrifons out of all 
c Towns and Forts in their Hands, wherein there 
4 were no Garrifons before thefe Troubles, and 
4 flight all P'ortifications made fince that Time ; 
' which Towns and Forts, it is to be agreed on both 
4 Parts, fhall continue in the fame Condition they 
4 were in before ; and that thofe Garrifons fhall not 
4 be renewed, nor the Fortifications repaired, with- 
4 out Confent of his Majefty, and both Houfes of 
4 Parliament : 

4 That for thofe Towns and Forts which are 
'within the Jurifdidtion of the Cinque-Ports, they 
4 fhall be delivered up into the Hands of fuch a Noble 
4 Perfon-as his Majefty fhall appoint to be Warden 

* of the Cinque-Ports, being fuch a one as they fhall 
4 confide in : 

4 That the Town of Portfmouth fhall be reduced 
4 to the Number of the Garrifon, as was at the 
4 Time when the Lords and Commons undertook 
4 the Cuftody thereof : And fuch other Forts, 
4 Caftles, and Towns as were formerly kept by 
6 Garrifons, as have been taken by them into their 
4 Care and Cuftody fince the Beginning of thefe 
4 Troubles, fhall be reduced to fuch Proportion of 

* Garrifon as they had in the Year 1636, and 
4 fhall be fo continued : And that all the faid Towns, 
4 Forts, and Caftles fhall be delivered up into the 
4 Hands of fuch Perfons of Quality and Truft, to 
4 be likewifc nominated by his Majefty, as the two 
4 Houfes fhall confide in : 

* That the Warden of the Cinque-Ports, and all 
4 Governors and Commanders of Towns, Caftles, 
4 and Forts, fhall keep the fame Towns, Caftles, 

* and Forts refpeclively, for the Service of his Ma- 
4 jefty and the Safety of the Kingdom ; and that 

* they fhall not admit into any of them any foreign 
x Forces raifed without hisMajefty's Authority and 

N 3 ' *'Con- 

198 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. i. Confent of the two Houfes of Parliament; and they 

j6 4~- c {h a ]i u f e t h e i r uttermoft Endeavours to. fupprefs 

March ' a " Forces whatfoever, raifed without fuch Au- 

' thority and Confent; and they fhall feize all 

* Arms and Ammunition provided for any fuch 
Forces : 

* That the Ships fhall be delivered into the 
Charge of fuch a Noble Perfon as his Majefty fhall 

* nominate to be Lord High-Admiral of England^ 

* and the two Houfes of Parliament confide in j 

* who fhall receive the fame Office by Letters Pa- 

* tent quamdiu bene fe gefferit ; and fhall have 
' Power to nominate and appoint all fubordinate 
f Commanders and Officers, and have all other 

* Powers appertianing to the OfHce of High- Admi- 

* ral; which Ships he fhall employ for the De- 
^ fence of the Kingdom againft all foreign Forces 

* whatfoever, and for the Safeguard of Merchants, 
' fecuring of Trade, the guarding of Ireland^ and 
the intercepting of all Supplies to be carried to 

* the Rebels ; and fhall ufe his uttermoft Endea- 

* vour to fupprefs all Forces which fhall be raifed 

* by any Perfon without his M.yefty's Authority, 
' and Confent of the Lords and Commons in Par- 

* liamcnt ; and fhall feizc all Anns and Ammu- 

* nition provided for Supply of any fuch Forces : 
' That all the Arms and Ammunition, taken out 

* of his Majefty's Magazines, which fhall remain 
in their Hands, fhall be delivered into his Stores; 

* and whatfoever fhail be wanting, they will, in, 
convenient Time, fupply in Kind, according to 

* the Proportions which they have received ; and 

* that the Perfons, to whofe Charge thofe public 

* Magazines fhall be committed, being nominated 

* by his Majelrv, &a!J be fuch as the Lords and 
' Commons fhall confide in. And you fhall pro- 
' pound to his Majefty, That he will reftore all 
6 fuch Arms and Ammunition as have been taken 

* for his Ufe, from the leveral Counties, Cities, 

* and Towns. 

111. ' To the Propcfition made by the two 
' Houles, concerning the Difbanding of the Ar- 

Of E ISPfe LAND. 199 

4 mles, you (hall humbly define his Majefty'sAn. 18. Car 

* fpeedy and pofitive Anfwer ; unto which if he 
' (hall be pleafed to give hii Affent, you (hall then 
' beleech his Majefty, in the Name of both Houfes, 
' that a near Day may be agreed upon for the Dif- 

* banding all the Forces in the remote Parts of 
' TCorkJktret and the other Northern Counties ; as 
' alfo in Lancajhire^ Chejbire^ and in the Domi- 
' nion of fi^ales^ and in Cornwall and Devon/hire ; 
' and they being fully difbanded, another Day 

* may be agreed on for the difbanding of all 

* Forces in Lincolnjhire^ Nottinghamjhire^ Lei- 

* ceftcrflnre, and all other Places, except at Oxford 
' and the Quarters thereunto belonging, and Wind- 
f fer and the Quarters thereunto belonging; and 
' that, laft of all, a fpeedy Day be appointed for 
' the Difbanding thofe two Armies at Oxford and 

* Windfory and all the Forces Members of either of 
' them : 

' That fome Officers of both Armies may fpee- 

* dily meet to agree of the Manner of the Difband- 
' ing; and that fit Perfons may be appointed by 
' his Majefty and the Parliament, who may re- 
' pair to the feveral Armies, and fee the Difband- 
' ing put in fpeedy Execution accordingly : 

* That his Majefty do likewife remove the Gar- 
4 rifons out of Newca/Ue, and all other Towns, 
' Caftles, and Forts, where any Garrifons have 

* been placed by him fince thefe Troubles ; and 

* that the Fortifications be likewife flighted, and 
4 the Towns and Forts left in fuch State and Con- 

* dition as they were in the Year 1636 : And 

4 That all other Towns, Forts, and Caftles, 

* where the r e have been formerly Garrifons before 

* thefe Troubles, be committed to the Charge of 
' fuch Perfons, to be nominated by his Majefty, 

* as the Parliament fhall confide in, and under 

* fuch Inftructions as are formerly mentioned. 

IV. < That if his Majefty (hall be pleafed to af- 

* fent to* thefe Propofitions, concerning the Towns, 

* Forts, Caftles, Magazines, and Ships, that then 

1 his 

2oo *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I.* his Majefty be humbly intreated to name Per- 

1641. < f ons O f Quality to receive the Charge of the fe- 

March ~' ' veral Offices and Forts, Caftles and Towns, to 

* be forthwith certified to the two Houfes of Par- 
4 liament, that thereupon they may exprefs their 
' Confidence in thofe Perfons, or humbly befeech 
' his Majefty to name others ; none of which Per- 

* fons (hall be removed during three Years next 

* enfuing, without juft Caufe, to be approved by 

* Parliament \ and if any be fo removed, or (hall 
' die within the faid Space, the Perfon to be put 

* into the fame Office ihall be fuch as both Houfes 

* fhall confide in : 

' That all Generals and Commanders in any of 
' the Armies, on either Side, as likewife the Lord- 
' Admiral of England, the Lord-Warden of the 
' Ciaque-PyrtSj al' Commanders of any Ships, and 
' Commanders of any Town, Caftle, or Fort, 

* fhall take an Oath to obferve thefe Articles afore- 
' mentioned ; and to ufe their uttermoft Power to 

* preferve the true Reformed Proteftant Religion, 

* and the Peace of the Kingdom, againll all fo- 

* reign Force, and all other Forces raifed without 

* his Majefty's Authority and Confent of the two 

* Houfes of Parliament. 

V. You ihall move his Majefty, That, for the 
< better Difpatch of the Treaty, and the free Inter- 

* courfe of Inftru&ions and Advertifements betwixt 

* the two Houfes of Parliament and the Commit- 

* tee, that there may be a free Pafs of Meficngers 

* to and from the Parliament and the Committees, 
c without Search or Interruption ; and his Majefty's 
Safe-Conduct to be obtained to that Effect, to 

* fuch Perfons as are, or ihall be, appointed for 

* that Service, viz. Mr. John RujJyLvortb, Mr. Mi" 

* cbael Welden, Mr. John Corbet of Gray's Inn, 
4 and Mr. James Standijh' 

Nothing elfe intervening worth our Notice, we 
{hall go on with an Account of the Intelligence 
fent from the Cormifiioners, now at Oxford, to 


Of E N G L A N D. 201 

Parliament. And, this Day, March 23, the LordsAn. 18. Car. I. 
read a Letter from the Earl of Northumberland in l6 4* 
thefe Words : *~Z?T* 


To the Right Honourable the Earl of Manche/ler 9 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tempore. 

My Lord, 

/IS foon as we came hither, between four ^Letters from that 
"^ five o'Clock in the Afternoon, we fent to know his omn 
Majejly's Pleafure when we Jhould wait on him, who 
commanded us presently to attend him, which we 
did in the Garden at Chrift-Church ; where I read 
ike Articles for the Cejfation, and we humbly prefented 
them to the King, who read the Title of them him- 
felf, and faid y There was a Difference in them 
from the Articles which he fent to both Houfes ; 
and told us, before he fliould be many Hours older, 
he would give his Anfwer to them ; whereof 1 Jhall 
fend your Lordjhips a fpeedy and faithful Account t as 
foon as we Jhall receive it. 

Your Lordfhip's 

Oxford, March 19, 

' 6 4*. Moft humble Servant, 


Befides the foregoing, there was another Letter 
from this Earl, of a later Date, read the fame Day, 
directed as before, and was to this Effect: 

My Lord, 

CT'HIS Afternoon my Lord Falkland and Mr. St- 
-* cretary Nicholas came to us, with a MeJJage 
from his Majefty, to know Whether, in cafe he 
would not agree to the Articles of CefTation, in 
Terminis, that we had any Commiflion to proceed 
in the Treaty upon the Proportions ? / anjwered^ 
We had not. 

The Council have met often, and fat long, fmce 
the Delivery of the Articles of Ce/ation. Air. 


202 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. L May /Off* ta> u< from his Majefly^ and faid be war 
*^' ftnt with a MeJJage to both Houfes of Parliament ; 
. 7*T tkt Contents he was commanded to let us kn;w^ 
which were* That his Majefty defired free Trade 
with the Limitations he formerly fent , and that 
there might be a Cefiation by Sea as well as by 
Land. That, becaufe there might be a Mif- 
underftanding of Expreflions. we might have Power 
to treat on the Articles of CefTation j if not, That 
the Treaty, upon the Proportions, might go on 
without a CeiTation ; and that all Prifoners taken 
in War, except Officers, might be fet at Liberty. 
This is the Information he gave us ; for the pre/ent I 
have no further Account to give to your Lord/trip^ but 
that I am 

Your Lordfhip's 

Qxford, March iz, 

164*. Humble Servant, 


Thefe Letters being produced at a Conference, 
they were found to correfpond, verbatim, with 
others the Commons had received from their Com- 
inifiioners at Oxford. At this Conference, alfo, a 
Letter was read, directed to the Speaker of the 
Houfe of Lords, from the Lord Falkland^ in which 
was inclofed a Mefiage from the King, to both 
Houfes, concerning the Ceflation, dated at Oxford, 
March 22, in thefe Words . 


The King's Ex- TTT I S Majefty hath immediately, upon their 
cept :;ons to the , I I Arrival, admitted the Committee fent to 

Parliament's 1 ft J- -- r V rr r r n i / u 

Articles of Ccf- mm ' rom o tn Houfes of Parliament, (as the 
(ation. * MelTengers of Peace) to his Royal Preftnce, and 

' receiv'd the Articles of Ceflation brought by them ; 
' which are, in Effect, the fame his Mjjeiry former- 
' ly exceptcd to, though their Expreffion in the 
' Preface to thefe Articles, of their Readinefs to 
' agree to thofc Alterations and Additions offered 

4 bv 

* Of E N G L A N D. 203 

* by his Majefty, in fuch Manner as is exprcfled, An. iS.Car. I. 

* made him expeft to have found, at leaft, fome of 

* the real Alterations and Additions made by him 

* admitted ; which he doth not difcover. 

I. His Majefty defired, That Provifion might 

* be made, and Licence given to his good Subjects, 
'for their Freedom of Trade^ Traffick y and Com-' 
f merce t (tho', in Matters which concerned him- 

* felf more immediately, as in Arms, Ammunition, 

< Money, Bullion, and Victuals for the Ufe of 

* his Army, and the Paflage of all Officers and 
Soldiers of his Army, he is contented the Re- 

* ftraint mould be in fuch Manner as was propofed) 

* of which his Majefty is fo tender, that as he hath 

* provided for the fame by his gracious Proclama- 
tions, fo he doth daily releafe and difcharge fuch 
4 Merchandize and Commodities as are, contrary 

* to thofe Proclamations, flayed by any of his Ma- 
' jefty's Forces. 

6 To this Freedom and Liberty of his good Sub- 

* jets, there is not the leaft Admiffion given by 
' thefe Articles ; fo that they have not any Eafe or 

* Benefit by this Cefiation ; which his Majefty 

* defires both Houfes to confider of; and whether, 

* if his Majefty mould take the fame Courfe to flop 

* and interrupt the Trade of the Kingdom, as the 
' other Army doth, a general Lofs and Calamity 
4 would not feize upon his good Subjects? 

II. ' His Majefty, to the End that a full, Cefla- 
' tion might be as well at Sea as at Land, and he 

< might be fecured that the Ships, propofed to be 

* fet forth for the Defence of his Majefty's Do- 

* minions, mail be employed only to that End 

* and Purpofe, defired, That they might be put un- 
f der the Command of Perform to be approved of by 

* his Majefty \ which is not confented to by thefe 

* Articles ; but their former, to which his Majefty 

* excepted, ftri&ly and entirely infifted on ; by 
' which (befides that Part of Hoftility remains) 
' the Conveying of any Number of Forces from one 

* Part to any other, by that Means, remains free 

* to them. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

c p or tne Prevention of any Inconveniences 
which might arife upon real Differences, or Mi- 
March/ ' ftakes upon Latitude of Expreffion ; (as if his Ma- 
' jefty fhould now confent to thefe Articles propo- 
' fed, in the Terms propofed, he muft confefs 
' the Army, of which he complains, to be raifed by 
' the Parliament ; and either himfelf to be no Part 

* of the Parliament, or himfelf to have raifed that 
' Army) and for Prevention of that Delay which 
c he forefaw could not otherwife be avoided, if, 
' upon every Difference, the Queftion muft be re- 
' mitted to London, his Majefty defired, That the 
c Committee^ for whom he then lent a Safe-Conduit, 
' might have Liberty to debate any fuch Difference 

* and ExpreJJions^ and reconcile the fame , that all pof- 
' fible Expedition might be tifed to the main Treaty. 

' In this Point of fo high Concernment, no 

* Power is given in thefe Articles; and the Com- 
' mittee confeffed to his Majefty they have no 
' Power given, but are ftri&ly and precifcly bound 
' to the very Words of the Articles now fent; and 

* that before thefe are confented to by us, they 
' cannot enter into any Treaty concerning the other 
' Proportions. 

IV. His Majefty defired, That, during the 
CeJJation ) none of his good Subjects might be im- 
' prifoned, otherwife than according to the known Laws 

* of the Land. 

* This is in no Degree confented to ; but the 
' Privilege and Liberty, to which they were born, 

* referved from them till the difbanding of both 
' Armies, though they are no Part of either Army j 
' and fo have no Benefit by this Cefiation. 

V. * His Majefty defired, That, during this Cef- 
' fation, there Jhiuld be no Plundering or Violence 
' offered to any of his Subjects. 

' In the Ar.fwer to which, his Defire againft 

* Violence is not at all taken Notice of, nor is his 
4 Defire againft Plundering anywife fatisfied ; his 
' Majefty, not only intending by it the robbing of 
' the Subject by* the Unrulinefs of the uncom- 

* manded Soldier (which their Claufe of requiring 

* the 

Of E N G L A N D. 205 

* the Generals and Officers to keep them from it An. 18. Car. I. 

* feems to imply ; and the Aflertion, That the two l6 4^ 

* Houfes of Parliament had ever dijliked and for- L 7*T ^ 
' bidden zV, declares plainly to be their only 

' Meaning ;) but particularly the Violence and Plun- 
1 derings ufed to his Subjects, by forcibly taking 
' away their Goods for not fubmitting to Impofi- 
' tions and Taxes required from them by Orders or 
' Ordinances of one or both Houfes of Parliament, 
which are contrary to the known Laws of the 

* Land. 

VI. ' Befides, that there is no Confent given to 

* thofe Alterations and Additions offered by his 
' A4ajefty, whatfoever is pretended ; for where an 
4 abfolute Confent may be fuppofed, becaufe the 
' very Words of his Majefty's Article are wholly 

* preferved, yet, by reafon of the Relation to fome- 

* what going before that is varied by them, the Senfe 
' of thofe Words is wholly varied too ; as in the 
4 fourth Article, where the Part of the third Article, 
' to which that did refer, is wholly left out : So 

* that, upon the Matter, all the Propofitions made 

* by his Majefty, which did not in Terms agree 

* with thofe presented to him, are utterly rejected. 

* For thefe Reafons, and that this Entrance to- 
e wards a blefled Peace and Accommodation, which 

* hath already filled the Hearts of the Kingdom 
' with Joy and Hope, may be improved to the 

* wifhed End, his Majefty defires, That the Com- 

* mittee now fent may fpeedily have Liberty to 

* treat, debate, and agree upon the Articles of 

* Ceffation ; in which they and all the World {hall 
' find that his Majefty is lefs felicitous for his 
c own Dignity and Greatnefs, than for his Subjects 

* Eafe and Liberty : And he doubts not, upon fuch 
4 a Debate, all Differences concerning the Celfation 

* will be eafily and fpeedily agreed upon ; and the 

* Benefit of a CefTation be continued and confirmed 
' to his People by a fpeedy difbanding of both 
' Armies, and a fudden and firm Peace, which his 

* Majefty above all Things defires. 


2o6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. 1. * If this fo reafonable, equal, and juft Defird 

i6 4 z. < of his Majefty fhall not be yielded unto, but 

^-~ - v~ J ' the fame Articles ftill infifted upon : Though his 

Much. ( jyiajefly^ next to Peace, deiires a Ceffation ; yet, 

' that the not Agreeing upon the one may not 

* deftroy the Hopes of, nor fo much as delay, the 
' other, he is willing however to treat (even \vith- 
' out a Ceflation, if that be not granted) upon the 

* Propofitions thcmfelves, in that Order as is agreed 
' upon, and dehres the Committee here may be 
' enabled to that Effect ; in which Treaty he {hall 

* give all his Subjeds that Satisfaction, That if 
4 any Security to enjoy all tht Rights, Privileges, 
' and Liberties due to them' by the Law; or that 
' Happinefs in Church and State, which the beft 

* Times have feen ; with fuch farther Acts of Grace 
' as may agree with his Honour, Juftice, and Duty 
' to. his Crown, and as may not render him lefs 
' abte to protect his Subjects according to his Oath, 

* will fatisfy them, he is confident, in the Mercy 

* of God, that no more precious Blood of this 
' Nation .will be thus miferably fpent.' 

Resolutions of March 24. Another Conference was held about 
both Honies at tn | s Affair ; the Effect of which was, That the 
Houfe of Commons communicated to the Lords 
fome Refolutions, which they had made concern- 
ing the King's laft Meffage ; wherein there was 
an Offer to treat upon the Propofitions, in cafe the 
Ceffatinn was not agreed on, to which they defired 
their Lordfliips Concurrence. The Refolutions 
were as follow : 

1. ' That the Committee at Oxford fhall have 
Power to treat and debate with his Majefty upon 
the two firft Propofitions, according to their In- 
ftrucYions, for four Days after the Day of the Re- 
ceipt of this Meffage, notwithfhnding that the 
Ceffation be not yet agreed upon. 

2. *That the' Committee, formerly appointed 
to prepare the Articles of Ceffation and Inftrudlions 
for the Committee at Oxford^ fhall confider of 


Of E N G L A N D. 207 

an Anfwer to be made to his Majefty's MeflageAa. 18. Car. 
this Day received ; and lilcewife prepare Reafons l6 4 z 
to be fent to the Committee, for them to prefs the 
Treaty, and debate the former Articles of Gela- 
tion ; and to fhew his Majefty the Grounds 
why the Houfes cannot depart from thofe former 

For the prefent, they thought proper to fend the 
following Meflage to his Majefty ; and the Addi- 
tional Inftruclions to their Commifiioners. And firft 
the Meflage. 

May it pleafe your Majefty , 

< TT7-E your loyal Subjeas, the Lords and Thei 
W Commons in Parliament, having recei- 

* ved a MefTage from your Majefty, in which you 

* are pleafed to exprefs yourfelf not to be fatisfied 

* with the Articles of Ceffation, prefented unto you 
' by our Committee now attending you at Oxford^ 
' and yet a Signification of your Majefty's Wil- 
' lingnefs to treat upon the Proportions themfelves, 
' even without a Ceflation ; do, with all Humble- 
8 nefs, give our Confent that our Committee fhall 
6 have Power to treat and debate with your Maje- 
' fty upon the two firft Proportions according to 
' their Inftruclions, for four Days after the Day 
' of the 'Receipt of this Meflage, notwithftanding 

* that the Ceflation be not yet agreed upon ; - that, 
' as much as in us lies, there may be no Delay in 
' the Proceedings for the obtaining of a blefled 
' Peace, and the healing up the mHerable Breaches 
' of this diftra&ed Kingdom ; and do purpofe to 

* reprefent, very fpeedily, unto your Majefty, thofe 

* juft Reafons and Grounds upon which we have 

* found it neceflary to defire of your Majefty a 

* Ceflation, fo qualified as that is ; whereby we 
' hope you will receive fuch Satisfaction, as that 
'you will be pleafed to afient unto it; and, be- 

* ing obtained, we aflure ourfelves it will be moft 
' effectual to the Safety of the Kingdom ; and 
' that Peace, which, with fo much Zeal and loyal 


2o8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 18. Car. I.* Affection to your RoyaJ Perfon, and in a deep 
l6 4 l - ' Senfe of the bleeding Condition of this poor 
*-77v~ ' ' Kingdom, we humbly beg of your Majefty's Tu- 
March ' ftice and Goodnefs' 

The Additional Inftru&ions were as follow : 
My Lord a and Gentlemen, 


theii Committee. t te " U P t a Circumjlance of Time, and are not 

to proceed unto the Treaty upon the Propojitions, un- 
til! the CeJJlition of Arms be firjl agreed upon : You 
are now authorized and required, as you may per- 
ceive by the Votes of both Houfes which you Jhall 
herewith receive, to treat and debate with his Ma- 
jefty upon the two firjl Proportions, according to thofe 
Jnjlruftions, for four Days after the Day of the Re- 
ceipt hereof, notwithftanding that the Cejjation be not 
agreed upon. 

Your Lordfhip's moft humble Servant, 

March *4, MANCHESTER, 

l6 * 2 ' Speaker of the Houfe of Peers 

pro Tempore. 

Thus ends the legal Year 1642, with a diftant 
Profpedl of Peace ; but, however pleafmg the Idea 
of it was to fome, and we believe much the greater 
Part of the Kingdom, yet there were not wanting 
thofe, who, for their own private Ends, fpared no 
Pains to change it into much more Blood and Slaugh- 
ter than had, hitherto, happened in thefe diftra<5l- 
ed Times. We may imagine that fuch Members 
of the Commons, concerned in making an Order 
of that Houfe, on the twenty-fourth of this Month, 
to forbid the Tower Guns to be fired on the 27th, 
the Anniverfary of the King's Acceflion, under Pre- 
tence of the Expence of Powder, and of hinder- 


a The Reafon of this Addrefs being My Lard, and not My Lord*' 
vras becaufe the Lord Say did not go ; and the Houfe, left they fliould 
be thought to countenance the King's Objection, would' not appoint 
mother in his Stead. 

Of E N G L A N D. 209 

Ing the great Concourfe of People, were of An. 19. Car. I. 
the latter Sort: And indeed this Order feems to 
have been clandeftinely obtained j for, the next 
Day, March 25, a Motion being made and the 
Queftton put, V/hether Liberty fliould be giv^n 
'to fpeak againft. the laid Order; 1 The Houle di- 
vided, and it was carried in the Ainrmative, 61 
againft :6. What the Soeeches were, *r<? and Rcraarkable 

t-f-^r i r Voles as to ob- 

con t on this Occalion, v/e know not; but, loon^^^g t ] ie An- 
after, another Qucilion was put, Whether theniverfary of ihe 
Order made, conceining the firing and difcharging Kin s' s Accef- 
the Guns of the Tower and Tower-Hill, fhould be fion ' 
revoked? This alfo pafTed affirmatively by a greater 
Majority, 75 againft 57 : Whereby the Honour 
of the Hotile w^s laved againft a very great Inftance 
of ill Manners, or rather Difloyalty, in thofe who 
had procured the above-mentioned Order. 

The Tellers on this remarkable Occafion were, 
on the iirft Queflion, Mr. Holies and Sir Peter 
IVenfvuortb) with the Yeas ; Sir Robert Harley 
and Sir Neviie Poole, with the Noes. And, up- 
on the fecond Queftion, Mr. Holies and Sir John 
Evelyn, with the Yeas j Sir Walter Erie and Mr. 
Strode, with the Noes. 

At the Opening of the Year 1643, the Eyes of 
a bleeding and miferable Nation were all turned to 
the Treaty at Oxford^ but to very Jittle Purpofe ; 
for, fo far from any real Advantage being gain'd by 
it, Matters were left in the fame, or_'a worfe Situation 
than before. 

To fhew- how little Defire many of the HoufeAndDivifioni 
cf Commons had to bring this Treaty to a peace- relating to the 
able Conclufion, we {hall mention the following JTjJ'-y at Ox " 
Inftances. When the King defired the Commit ' 
fioners to get the Time, prefcribed for the Treaty, 
enlarged, which was voted in the Lower Houfe on 
the firft of April, it was carried for the Enlarge- 
ment, by the fmall Majority of 62 againft 56. And 
it being refolved, on that Vote, to give further 
Time to Friday the feventh of April, for the Trea- 
ty, the Queftion was as;ain put, Whether that 

VOL. XII. O Day 

2io T^be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. Day was concluded in this Term ? and it 
^*^ll^f in the Affirmative by yet a fmaller Majority, 57 
April. againft 54. Two Days after, April 3, another 
Queftion was ftarted, Whether, if the Commif- 
fioners received no pofttive Anfwer from the King, 
to the two firft Propofitions, by Friday Night, they 
ifaould come away on Saturday ? The Houfe again 
divided, when 54 were for the Queftion, and 41 
againft it. But this laft Order was, foon after r 
revoked, and the Time enlarged to the Saturday 
following. So that, it is plain, near one Half of 
the Houfe, then prefent, were for knocking the 
Treaty down at once ; and, 'tis too probable, were 
really againft any Treaty at all. It fhews alfo to 
what a low Ebb the Houfe of Commons was therv 
reduced, that, even at this critical Conjuncture, 
fcarcely one fifth Part of the Members were pre- 
fent : The Reafons for which, being fet forth in the 
Beginning of this Volume, we pafs over without 
further Remark. 

We have already given the Initial Forms for 
the conftituting this Treaty : What followed, as it 
takes up many Pages in the Journals, and is exact- 
ly printed in Rujbworth's and fftt/bands's Colleflions y 
and in the Pamphlets publifhed, both by the King 
and Parliament, at that Time, we pafs over ; and 
fhall content ourfelves with the Account of this un- 
fuccefsful Negotiation, as drawn up by thofe two 
Contemporary Oppofites, the Earl of Clarendon and 
Mr. Whitlocke\ the former of whom was, at this 
Time, attending the King's Service at Oxford; and 
the other employed, as himfelf tells us, by his Bro- 
ther- Commiflioners, in drawing up ail their Papers 
to the King, which were afterwards tranfcrib'd by 
their Secretaries. -- And, firft, Lord Clarendon. 

"V TT T 


HEN the Treaty was firft consented to by 
the two Houfes, they ordered that it 

the King and the fhou Id be upon the firft Propofition made by his 
Commiffioncrs Majefty, and the firft Propofition made by them- 
^ r "* felves ; and that thofe fliould be firft concluded on, 

before they proceeded to treat upon any of the 


Of E N G L A N D. 211 

bther Propofitions : So that the Committee, in the An. TO. Car. I. 
firft Place, applied themfelves to his Majefty, upon l6 43- 
his own firft Propofition, which was, That his own U ~~ V T"""' 
Revenue, Magazines, Towns, Forts, and Skips, 
which bad been taken or kept from him by Force, 
Jhould be forthwith rejlored to him. To which the 
Committee anfvvered, ' That the two Houfes had 

* made ufe of his Majefty's own Revenue but in a 
4 very fmall Proportion, which in a good Part had 

* been employed in the Maintenance of his Chil- 
4 dren, according to the Allowance eftablifhed by 
c himfelf : And the Houfes would fatisfy what 
c {hould remain due to his Majefty of thofe Sums 
4 which they had received ; and would leave the 

* fame to him for the Time to come. And they 
4 defired likewife, that his Majefty would reftore 

* what had been taken for his Ufe upon any of the 

* Bills, afiigned to other Purpofes by feveral Acts 

* of Parliament, or out of the Provifion made for 
1 the War of Ireland: That all the Arms and 
4 Ammunition, taken out of his Magazines, {hould 
4 be delivered into his Stores, and whatfoever {hould 
4 be wanting they would fupply in Kind, according 
4 to the Proportions they had received ; but they 
4 propofed the Perfons, to whofe Charge thofe public 
4 Magazines {hould be committed, being nominated 
4 by his Majefty, might be fuch as the two Houfes of 
4 Parliament might confide in j and that his Majefty 
4 would reftore all fuch Arms and Ammunition, as 
4 had been taken for his Ufe, from the feveral 
4 Counties, Cities, and Towns. 

4 That the two Houfes would remove the Gar- 
4 rifons out of all Towns and Forts in their Hands, 
4 wherein there were no Garrifons before thefe 
4 Troubles, and flight all Fortifications made fince 
4 that Time, and thofe Towns and Forts to con- 

* tinue in the fame Condition they were in before; 
4 and that thofe Garrifons {hould not be renewed, 
4 or the Fortifications repaired, without Confent 
4 of his Mv.jefty, and both Houfes of Parliament : 
4 That the Towns and Forts, which were within 
4 the Jurifdictiun of the Cinque-Poits, {hould be 

O 2 *c!e- 

212 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I.< delivered into the Hands of fuch a Noble Perfon 

< as the King fhould appoint to be Warden of the 
' Cinque-Ports, being fuch a one as they fhould 
' confide in : That Portfmoutk fhould be reduced 

* to the Number of the Garrifon, as was at that 
' Time when the Lords and Commons undertook 

* the Cuftody of it ; and that all other Forts, 
' Caftles, and Towns, in which Garrifons had 

* been kept, and had been, fince the Beginning of 

* thefe Troubles, taken into their Care and Cufto- 

* dy, fhould be reduced to the fame Ettablifhment 

< they had in the Year 1636, and fhould be fo con- 

* tinued ; and that all thofe Towns, Forts, and 
Catties fhould be delivered up into the Hands of 

* fuch Perfons of Quality and Truft, to be like wife 

* nominated by his Majefty, as the two Houfcs 

* fhould confide in : That the Warden of the Cinque- 
' Ports, and all Governors and Commanders of 
Towns, Caftles, and Forts, fhould keep the fame 

* Towns, Caftles, and Forts, refpeftively, for the 
c Service of his Majefty, and the Safety of the 

* Kingdom j and that they fhould not admit into 
them any foreign Forces, or any other Forces 

* raifed without his Majefty's Authority, and Con- 
' fent of the two Houfes of Parliament ; and they 
' fhould ufe their utmoft Endeavour to fupprefs all 
c Forces whatfoever raifed without fuch Authority 

* and Confent ; and they fliould feize all Arms and 
' Ammunition provided for any fuch Forces. 

They likewife propofed to the King, that he 

* would remove the Garrifon out of Newcajlle^ 
' and all other Towns, Caftles, and Forts where 
' any Garrifons had been placed by him fince thefe 
Troubles; and that the Fortifications might be 
' likewife flighted, and the Towns and Forts left 
in fuch State as they were in the Year 1636; 
c and that all other Towns and Caftles in his 
c Hands, wherein there had been formerly Garri- 
' fons, might be committed to fuch Perfons, no- 
' minated by him, as the Houfes fhould confide 
' in, and under fuch Instructions as were formerly 
' mentioned j and that the new Garrifons fhould 


Of* ENGLAND. 313 

c not be renewed, or the Fortifications repaired, An. 19. Car. f. 
4 without the Confent of the King and both Houfes l6 ^' 
< of Parliament : That the Ships fhould be deli- V "~^Jp"" 1 
4 vered into the Charge of fuch a Noble Perfon as 

* the King fhould nominate to be Lord High-Ad- 
' miral of England, and the two Houfes confide 

* in ; who fhould receive that Office by Letters 
4 Patent, quamdiu fe bene geflerit, and fhould have 
4 Power to nominate and appoint all fubordinate 
' Commanders and Officers, and have all other 
c Powers appertaining to the Office of High-Ad- 
4 miral ; which Ships he fhould employ for the 
4 Defence of the Kingdom, againft all foreign 

* Forces whatfoever, and for the Safeguard of 

* Merchants, Securing of Trade, the Guarding 
' of Ireland, and the Intercepting of all Supplies 

* to be carried to the Rebels ; and fhould ufe 

* his utmoft Endeavours to fupprefs all p'orces 
' which fhould be raifed by any Perfon without his 

* Majefty's Authority, and Confent of the Lords 

* and Commons in Parliament; and fhould feize 
4 all Arms and Ammunition provided for Supply 
' of any fuch Forces. 

4 To this Anfwer, by which they required, at 
1eaft, to go whole Sharers with him in his Sove- 
reignty, the King replied, ' That he knew not 
4 what Proportion of his Revenue had been made 
' Ufe of by his two Houfes, but he had Reafon to 
4 believe, if much of it had not been ufed, very 

* much remained flUl in their Hands ; his whole 

* Revenue being fo flopped and feized on, by the 
6 Orders of one or both Houfes, even to the taking 

* of his Money out of his Exchequer and Mint, 
4 and Bonds forced from his Cofferer's Clerk, for 

* the Provifions of his Houfhold, that very little 
4 had come to his Ufe for his own Support ; but 
4 he would be well contented to allow whatfoever 

* had been employed in the Maintenance of his 
4 Children, and to receive the Arrears due to him- 
4 felf, and to be fure of his own for the future. 
4 He was I ike wife willing to reftore all Monies ta- 

* ken for his Ufe, by any Authority from him, up- 

03 'on 

2 1 4 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Car. H on anv BjH s affigncd to other Purpofes, being 

f afiur'd he had received very little, or nothing, that 

iT * Way : And he expected, likewife, that Satisfac- 

* tion fhould be made by them for all thofe feveral 
' vaft Sums received and diverted to other Pur- 
' pofes, by Orders of one or both Houies, which 

* ought to have been paid, by the Act of Pacifi- 

* cation, to his Subjects of Scotland, or employed 
c for the Difcharge of the Debts of the Kingdom ; 

* or, by other A6ts of Parliament, for the Relief of 

* his poor Proteftant Subjects in Ireland. 

' For what concerned his Magazines; he was 
' content that all the Arms and Ammunition, 
' taken out of his Magazines, which did re- 

* main in the Hands of both Houfes, or of Perfons 

* employed by them, fliould be, as foon as the 

* Treaty was concluded, delivered into the Tower 
e of London ; and that whatfoever fliould be want- 
' ing of the Proportions taken by them, fliould be 

* fupplied by them, with all convenient Speed, in 

* Kind ; which, he faid, fhould be committed to, 

* and continued in, the Cuftody of the fworn Offi- 

* cers, to whofe Places the fame belong'd : And 

* if any of thofe Officers had already forfeited, or 
' hereafter fliould forfeit, that Truft, by any Mif-^ 

* demeanors, his Majefty would by no Means de- 

* fend them from the Juftice of the Law : That he 
' always intended to reftore fuch Arms and Am- 

* munition, which he had been compelled to take 
4 from any Perfons and Places, when his own had 
' been taken from him ; and would make them 

* Recompence as foon as his own Stores were re- 
' ftored to him. 

' To whatfoever they propofed for the flighting 

* all Fortifications, and reducing nil Garnfons 
' which had been made fmce the Beginning of 
the Troubles, and leaving them in the State 

* they were before, the Kin^ fully and abfolutcly 
' confented ; and that the old Caftlcs and Gani- 

* fons fhould be reduced to their antient Piopor- 

* tion and Eftabliflunent ; but, for the Governors 

* and Commanders of them, he faid, That th = 

* Cincnjc- 

Of E N G L A N D. 215 

c 'Cinque-Ports were already in the Cuftody of a An. 19. Car. I, 
c Noble Perfon, againft whom he knew no juft l6 43- 
4 Exception ; and who had fuch a legal Intereft * *"" ' 

* therein, that he could not, with Juflice, remove 

* him from it, untill fome fufficient Caufe were 

* made appear to him ; but he was very willing, 

* if he fhould at any Time be found guilty of any 

* thing that might make him unworthy of that 

* TruTt, that he might be proceeded againft ac- 
4 cording to the Rules of Juftice : That the Go- 

* vernment of the Town of Portfmouth, and all 

* other Forts, Caftles, and Towns, as were for- 
4 merly kept by Garrifons, fliould be put into the 

* Hands of fuch Perfons, againft whom no juft Ex- 

* ceptions could be made; all of them being, be- 

* fore thefe Troubles, by Letters Patent, granted 

* to feveral Perfons, againft any of whom he knew 

* not any Exceptions, who fhould be removed, if 

* juft Caufe fhould be given for the fame. The 

* Warden of the Cinque-Ports, and all other Go- 
e vernors and Commanders of the Towns and Ca- 

* ftles, fhould keep their Charges, as by the Law 

* they ought to do, and for the King's Service, and 

* Safety of the Kingdom ; and they fhouid notad- 

* mit into any of them foreign Forces, or other 

* Forces, raifed or brought in to them contrary to 

* Law ; but fliould ufe their utmoft Endeavours to 

* fupprefs fuch Forces ; and fhould feize all Arms 
4 and Ammunition, which, by the Laws and Sta- 

* tutes of the Kingdom, they ought to feize.' 

* To that Part which concern'd the Ships, the 
King told them, 4 That he expeded his own Ships 
4 fhould be delivered to him, as by the Law they 
4 ought to be ; and that when he fhould think fit 
4 to nominate a Lord High-Admiral of England, 
4 it fhould be fuch a Perfon againft whom no juft 
6 Exception could be made; and if any fhould be, 

* he would always leave him to his due Trial and 
' Examination ; and he would grant his Office to 
' him by fuch Letters Patent, as had been ufed. 
* Jr. the mean Time he would govern the Admi- 



21 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

19. Car. I.' ralty by Commiffion, as had been in all Times 
c accuftomed ; and whattbever Ships fhould be fct 
' out by him, or his Authority, fhould be employ- 
' cd for the Defence of the Kingdom againft all 

* foreign Forces whatfoever, for the Safeguard of 
'Merchants, Securing of Trade, Guarding of Ire- 

* land^ and the Intercepting of all Supplies to be 
' carried to the Rebels ; and they fhould ufe their 
' utmoft Endeavours to fupprefs all Forces which 
' fhould be raifed, by any Peifon whatfoever, againft 
' the Laws and Statutes of the Kingdom ; and to 

* feize all Arms and Ammunition provided for the 
' Supply of any fuch Forces.' 

* Jt is evident to all Men where the Difference 
now lay between them, being Whether the King 
would referve the Diipofal of thofe Offices and 
Places of Truft to himfelf, (which all Kings had 
enjoyed, and was indeed a Part of his Regality) or 
Whether he would be content with fuch a Nomina- 
tion, as, being to pafs, and depend upon their 
Approbation, no Man fhould ever be admitted to 
them, who was nominated by him. The Com- 
mittee, upon his Majefty's Anfwer," defired to 
know, e Whether he did intend that both Houfes 
fhould exprefs their Confidence of the Perfons, 
to whofe Truft thofe Places were to be commit- 
ted ; for that they were directed by their Inftruc- 
tions, that, if his Majefty was pleafed to aflent 
thereunto, and to nominate. Perfons of Quality 
to receive the Charge of them, that they fhould 
certify it to both Houfes of Parliament ; that 
thereupon they might exprefs their Confidence 
in thofe Perfons, or humbly defire his Majefty 
to name others, none of which Perfons to be re- 
moved during three Years next enfuing, with- 
out juft Caufe, to be approved by both Houfes ; 
and ir any fhould be fo removed, or die within 
that Space, the Perfons to be put in their Places 
to be fuch as the two Houfes fhould confide 
' The King anfiverec!, That he did not intend 

* that the Houfes fhould exprefb their Confidence 

Of E N G L A N D. 217 

' of the Perfons to whofe Trufts thofe Places fhould An, 19. Car. I. 
4 be committed j but only that they fhould have Li- l6 43 

* berty, upon any juft Exception, to proceed againft . Tj f . 

* any fuch Perfons according to Law ; his Majefty 
' being refolved not to protect them againft the Pub- 

* lie Juftice. When any of the Places fliould be 

* void, he well knew the Nomination and free Elec- 
4 tion of thofe who fhould fucceed, to be a Right 

* belonging to, and inherent in, his Majefty ; and 

* having been enjoyed by all his Royal Progenitors, 

* he could not believe his well-affected Subjects de- 
' fired to limit him in that Right * and defired they 
' would be fatisfied with this Anfwer, or give him 
4 any Reafons to alter his Refolution, and he would 
4 comply with them.' 

They told him, 4 There could be no good and 
' firm Peace hoped for, if there were not a Cure 
4 found out for the Fears and Jealoufies j and they 
4 knew none fure, but this which they had propo- 
4 fed.' 

4 The King replied, ' That he rather expected 

* Reafons grounded upon Law, to have fhewed 
4 him, by the Law, that he had not that Right he 

* pretended, or that they had a Right fuperior to 
4 his, in what was now ia Queftion ; or that they 

* would have fhewed him feme legal Reafon, why 

* the Perfons trufted by him were incapable of fuch, 

* a Truft, than that they would only have infift- 

* ed upon Fears and Jealoufies ; of which as he 

* knew no Ground, fo he muft be ignorant of the 
' Cure. That the Argument they ufed might ex- 
4 tend to the depriving him of, or at leaft fharing 

* with him in, all his juft Regal Power ; fince 
' Power, as well as Forces, might be the Object of 
4 Fears and Jealoufies j and there would be always 

* a Power left to hurt, whilft there was any left to 

* protect and defend.' He told them, * If he had 

* as much Inclination, as he had more Right, to 

* Fears and Jealoufies, he might, with more Rea- 
' fons, have infifted upon an Addition of Power, as 

* a Security to enable him to keep his Forts when 

* he had them i fince it appeared it was net fo great, 

4 but 

218 The Parliamentary HISTORY 
An. 19. Car. I. but that they had been able to take them from 
a ^3 him, than they to make any Difficulty to reftore 
April ' th em to him i n tne fame Cafe they were before. 

' But, he faid, as he was himfelf content with, fo, 

* he took God to Witnefs, his greateft Defire was 

* to obferve always, and maintain, the Law of the 

* Land ; and expedited the fame from his Subjects ; 
' and believed the mutual Obfervance of that Rule, 
6 and neither of them to fear what the Law feared 
' not, to be, on both Parts, a better Cure for 

* that dangerous Difeafe of Fears and Jealoufies, 

* and a better Means to eftablifh a happy and per- 
c petual Peace, than for him to diveft himfelf of 
thofe Trufts, which the Law of the Land had 
6 fettled in the Crown alone, to preferve the Power 

* and Dignity of the Prince, for the better Protec- 
' tion of the Subject and of the Law, and to avoid 

* thofe dangerous Diftraclions, which the Intereft 

* of any Sharers with him would have infallibly pro- 

* -duced.' 

* The Committee neither offered to anfwer his 
Majefty's Reafons, nor to oppofe other Reafons to 
weigh againft them ; but only faid, ' That they 
were commanded, by their Inftru&ions, to infill 
upon the Defires of both Houfes formerly expref- 

To which the King made no other Anfwer than, 
That he conceived it all the Juftice in the World 

* for him to infift, that what was, by Law, his 

* own, and had been, contrary to Law, taken from 

* him, fticuld be fully reftored to him, without 
conditioning to impofe any new Limitations upon 
'him, or his Milliners, which were not formerly 

* required from them by the Law ; and he thought 
' it moft unreafonable to be prefled to diminifh 

* his own juft Rights hiinfelf, hecaufe others had 
' violated and ufurped them.' This was the Sum 
of what pafled in the Treaty upon that Propo- 

4 To the firft Proportion of the two Houfes, 
his Majefty would be pleafed to di/band bis Ar- 
as they likewife ivoidd be ready to difband fill 


Of E N G L A N D. 2:9 

their Forces, which they had raifed^ and that he would 
be pleafed to return to his Parliament : l6 43- 

' The King anfwered, ' That he was as ready A ~-~ 
4 and willing that ail Armies fhould be difbanded, 
' as any Perfon whatfoever ; and conceived the beft 

* Way to it. would be a happy and fpeedy Con- 

* clufion of the prefent Treaty ; which, if both 
4 Houfes would contribute as much as he would 

* do to it, would be fuddenly effected. And as 

* he defired nothing more than to be with his two 
4 Houfes, fo he would repair thither as foon as he 

* could poflibly do it with his Honour and Safe- 

4 The Committee afked him, c If, by a happy and 

* fpeedy Conclufion of the prefent Treaty, he in- 

* tended a Conclufion upon the two firft Proportions, 
4 or a Conclufion of the Treaty in all the Propofi- 

* tions of both Parts ?' 

4 The King, who well knew it would be very 
ungracious to deny the Difbanding of the Armies, 
till all the Propofitions were agreed, fome whereof 
would require much Time, anfwered, ' That he 

* intended fuch a Conclufion of, or in, the Treaty, 

* as there might be a clear Evidence to himfelf, and 
' his Subjects, of a future Peace, and no Ground left 

* for the Continuance, or Growth, of thofe bloody 
' Diilentions ; which, he doubted not, might be 
4 obtained, if both Houfes would confent that the 
' Treaty fhould proceed without farther Interruption, 
4 or Limitation of Days.' 

4 They afked him, 4 What he intended fliould be 
' a clear Evidence to him, and his good Subjects, of 

* a future Peace, and no Ground left for the Con- 

* tinuance, and Growth, of thofe bloody Diflen- 

* tions ?' 

< His Majefty told them, * If the Conclufion of 
the prefent Treaty upon his firft Propofition, and 
4 the firft Propofition of both Houfes, {bould be fo 

* full and perfectly made, that the Law of the Land 
6 might have a full, free, and uninterrupted Courfe, 
4 for the Defence and Prefervation of the Rights of 
4 his Majefty, and of themfelves, and the reft of 
8 his Suhjcfts, there would be thence a clear Evi- 

* dence 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. dence to him, and all Men, of a future Peace; and 
l6 43 it would be fuch a Conclufion as he intended, never 
meaning that both Armies fhould remain undif- 
banded untill the Proportions on both Sides were 
fully concluded.' 

' To the other Claufe of their own Propofition, 
concerning the King's Return to the Parliament, 
they faid, ' They had no Inftructions to treat up- 
' on it;' which the King much wonder'd at; and 
finding that they had no other Authority to treat, 
or debate what was necefiary to be done in order 
to Difbanding, but only to prefs him to appoint a 
Day for the actual Difbanding ; and that the Forces 
in the North, where he had a great Army, and 
they had none, might be firft difbanded, he endea- 
vour'd to draw them to fome Propofitions upon his 
Return to the Parliament ; from whence Expedi- 
ents .would naturally refult, if they purfued that 
heartily, which would conclude a general Peace. 
And it feem'd very ftrange, that, after fo many 
Difcourfes of the King's Abfence from the Houfes, 
from whence they had taught the People to believe 
that moft of the prefent Evils flow'd and proceed- 
ed when a Treaty was noxv enter'd upon, and that 
was a Part of their own firft Propofition, that their 
Committee fhould have no Inftructions or Autho- 
rity to treat upon it. After this they jeceived new 
Inftru&ions, ' To declare to his Majefty the De- 

* fire of both Houfes, for his coming to his Parlia- 
' ment ; which, they faid, they had often exprefs'd 
' with full Offers of Security to his Royal Perfon, 

* agreeable to their Duty and Allegiance ; and they 
' knew no Caufe why he might not repair thither 
' with Honour and Safety.' 

' When the King found he could not engage 
them in that Argument to make any particular 
Overture or Invitation to him ; and that the Com- 
mittee, who exprefs'd Willingr.efs enough, had 
not in Truth the leaft Power to promote, or con- 
tribute to an Accommodation, left they fhould 
make the People believe that he had a Defire to 
continue the War, becaule he confented not to 


Of ENGLAND. 221 

their Propofition of Difbanding the Armies, he fent An. 19. Car. I. 
this MefTage, by an Exprefs of his own, to the two 
Houfes, after he had firft communicated it to their 

Oxford, April 12, 1643. 

CT'O flew to the whole World, bow earnejlly his Ma- 
J e fty ! n g s f r Peace* and that no Succefs Jhall 
make him defire the Continuance of his Army to any 
other End, or for any longer Time t than that ; and 
untill Things may be fo fettled, as that the Law may 
have a full, free, and uninterrupted Courfe, for the 
Defence amd Prefervation of the Rights of his Ma- 
Jf/ty, both Houfes, and his good Subjects : 

i.- As foon as his MajeJJy is fatisfied in his firjl 
Proportion, concerning bis own Revenue, Maga- 
zines, Ships, and Forts, in which he defires nothing, 
but that the jitjl, known, legal Rights of his Ma- 
jejly (devolved to him from his Progenitors) and 
of the Perfons truJJed by him, which have violently 
been taken from both, be reftored unto him, and un- 
to them ; unlefs any juft and legal Exception again/I 
any of the Perfons trufted by him (which are yet 
unknown to his Majejly) can be made appear unto 
him : 

2. As foon as all the Members of both Houfes 
Jhall be reftored to the fame Capacity of Jitting and 
voting in Parliament, as they had upon the firjt of 
January, 1641 ; the fame, of Right, belonging unto 
them by their Birth-rights, and the free E left ion of 
thofe that fent them ; and having been voted from 
them for adhering to his Majejly in thefe Diftrac- 
tions j his Majejly not intending that this Jhould ex- 
tend either to the Bifoops, whofe Votes have been taken 
away by Bill, or to fuch, in whofe Places, upon new 
Writs, new Eleclions have been made : 

3. As foon as his Majejly, and both Houfes, may 
le jecured from fuch tumultuous AJfemblies, as, to the 
great Breach of the Privileges, and the high Dif- 
honour of Parliaments, have formerly ajfstnbled about 
both Houfesj and awed the Members of the fame ; and 

222 The Parliamentary His TOR v 

An. 19. Car. l.occajloned two fever al Complaints from the Lord} 1 
Houfe, and two fever al De (ires of that Houfe to the 
Houfe of Commons, to join in a Declaration again ft 
them ; the complying with which Dejire might have 
prevented all thefe miferable Dijiratfions which 
have enfued ; which Security, his Majefty conceives, 
can be only fettled by adjourning the Parliament to 
fame other Place, at the leajl twenty Miles from Lon- 
don ; the Choice of which his Majefty leaves to both 
Houfe* : 

His Majejly will, mojl chearfully and readily, con- 
fent that both Armies be immediately dijbanded, and 
give a prefent Meeting to both his Houfes of Par- 
llament at the Time and Place, at, and to which, 
the Parliament foall be agreed to be adjourned : His 
Majefly being mojl confident that the Law will then 
recover due Credit and Ejiimation ; and that upon 
a free Debate, in a full and peaceable Convention of 
Parliament, fuch Provijions will be made again/} 
feditious Preaching and Printing again ft his Ma- 
jejly, and the ejlablijhed Laws, which have been one 
of the chief Caufes of the prefent Dijlr actions ; and 
fuch Care will be taken concerning the legal and 
known Rights of his Majejly, and the Property and 
Liberty of his Subjecls, that whatfoever hath been 
publijhed or done, in or by Colour of any illegal 
Declaration, Ordinance, or Order of one or both 
Houfes, or any Committee of either of them, and 
particularly the Power to raife Arms without his 
JMajeJly's Confent, will be in fuch Manner recalled, 
difclaimed, and provided again/?, that no Seed wilt 
remain for the like to fpring out of for the future, 
to dljlurb the Peace of the Kingdom, and to endan- 
ger the very Being of it. And in fuch a Conven- 
tion his Majefty is refolved, by his Readinefs to con- 
fent to whatfoever foall be proposed to him, by Bill, 
for the real Good of his Subjecls (and partidarly 
for the better Difcovery, and fpeedier Conviction of 
Recusants ; for the Education of the Children of 
Papijls by Proteftants in the Proieftant Religion ; 
for the Prevention of Prafiices of Papijls againji the 
State, and the due Execution of tht Laws, and true 


Of ENGLAND. 223 

levying of the Penalties again/} them) to make known An. 19. Car. I 

to ail the World^ how caufelefs thofe Fears and Jea- 

loufies have been, which have been raifed againft him ; 

and by thai fo diftracJed this miferable Kingdom. 

And if this Offer of his Majefty be not consented 

to, (in vjhich he ajks nothing for which there is not 

apparent 'Juftice on his Side, and in which he defers 

many Things highly concerning both himfelf and 

People, till a full and peaceable Convention of Par- 

liament, which in 'Juftice he might now require) 

his Majefty is confident that it will then appear, to 

all the World, not only who is mojl defirous of Peace ', 

and wkofe Fault it is that both Armies are not now 

dijbanded; but who have been the true and firjl Caufe 

that this Peace was ever interrupted, or thofe Ar~ 

mies raifed, and the Beginning or Continuance of 

the War ; and the Deftruttion and Defolation of 

this poor Kingdom (which is too likely to enfue) will 

not, by the mojl intereJJed, paj/ionate, or prejudicate 

Perfon, be imputed to his Majefly, 

' To this Meflage the two Houfes returned no 
Anfwer to the King, but required the Committee 
to return to tyitftminJJer (having been in Oxford 
with his Majefty juft twenty Days) with fuch po- 
fitive Circumftances, that the Houfe of Commons 
enjoined their Members to begin their Journey the 
fame Day, which they obeyed ; though it was fo 
late, that they were forced to very inconvenient Ac- 
commodations ; and, at their Return, fome of them 
were looked upon with great Jealoufy, as Perfons 
engaged by the King, and difmclined to the Par- 
liament ; and this Jealoufy prevailed fo far, that 
Mr. Martin opened a Letter from the Earl of 
Northumberland to his own Lady, prefuming he 
fhould therein have difcovered fome Combination ^ 

and this Infolence was not difliked.' Thus far 

the Noble Hiftorian. 

The Proceedings of both Houfes, in relation to 
this Intercepting of the Karl of Northumberland's 
Letter, will appear more at large, from their Jour- 
nal;, in its proper Order of Time. 


224 *&** Parliamentary HISTORY* 

An. 19. Car. I. We now proceed to give Mr. fyiritlocke'* Ac- 
1643- count of what pafs'd, between the King and the 
< "V'7" J above-mentioned Committee of Parliament, at Ox- 
Apnl - ford. 

And Mr. Whit-* rT"*HE King ufed the CommifTioners with great 

y Favou . r and C / vilit y; d his General, 

Ruthen, and divers of his Lords and Officers, came 
frequently to their Table, and they had very friendly 
Difcourfes and Treatments together. The King 
himfelf did them the Honour fometimes to accept 
of part of their Wine and Provifions, which the 
Earl of Northumberland fent to him, when they had 
any Thing extraordinary. 

' Their Inftruclions were very ftri&, and tied 
them up to treat with none but the King himfelf, 
whom they often attended at his Lodgings in Cbrifi- 
Churcb : They had Accefs at all Times when they 
defired it, and were allowed by his Majefty a very 
free Debate with him. 

* He had commonly waiting on him, when he 
treated with them, Prince Rupert, the Lord-Keeper 
Littleton, the Earl of Southampton, the Lord Chief 
Juftice Banks, and feveral other Lords of his Coun- 
cil, who never debated any Matters with them ; 
but gave their Opinions to the King in thofe Things 
which he demanded of them, and fometimes would 
put the King in Mind of fome particular Things ; 
but otherwife they did not fpeak at all. 

* In this Treaty the King manifefted his great 
Parts and Abilities, Strength of Reafon, and Quick- 
nefs of Apprehenfion, with much Patience in hear- 
ing what was objected againft him ; wherein he 
allowed all Freedom, and would himfelf fum up the 
Arguments, and give a moft clear Judgment upon 

* His Unhappinefs was, that he had a better 
Opinion of other Judgments than of his own, tho' 
they were weaker than his own ; and of this the 
Parliament's Commifiioners had Experience to their 
great Trouble. 


Of E N G L A N D. 225 

c They were often waiting on the King, and An. 19. Car. I. 
debating feme Points of the Treaty with him un- l6 43- 
till* Midnight, before they could conie to a Con- V ""T v "j"""^- 
clufion. Upon one of the moft material Points 
they prefled his Majefty with their Reafons, and 
beft Arguments they could ufe, to grant what they 

* The King faid, * He was fully fatisfied, and 
6 promifed to give them his Anfwer in Writing ac- 

* cording to their Defire ; but, becaufe it was then 

* paft Midnight, and too late to put it into Writing, 

* he would have it drawn up the next Morning 
' (when he commanded them to wait on him again) ; 
' and then he would give them his Anfwer in Wri- 
' ting, as it was now agreed upon.' 

* They went to their Lodgings full of joyful 
Hopes to receive this Anfwer the next Morning j 
and which, being given, would have much condu- 
ced to a happy liTue and Succefs of this Treaty ; 
and they had the King's Word for it, and they 
waited on him the next Morning at the Hour ap- 

' But, inftead of that Anfwer which they expect- 
ed, and were promifed, the King gave them a Pa- 
per quite contrary to what was concluded the Night 
before^ and very much tending to the Breach of the 
Treaty. They did humbly expoftulate this with his 
Majefty, and prefled him upon his Royal Word, 
and the ill Confequences which they feared would 
follow upon this his new Paper. 

* But the King told them, ' He had altered his 

* Mind ; and that this Paper, which he now- gave 
' them, was his Anfwer, which he was now refol- 
4 ved to make upon their laft Deba'e :' And they 
could obtain no other from him ; which occafioned 
much Sadnefs and Trouble to them. 

' Some of his own Friends, of whom the Com- 
miflioners enquired touching this PaiTage, informed 
them, That after they were gone from the King, 
and that his Council were alfo gone away, fome 
of his Bed-Chamber (and they went higher) 
hearing from him what Anfwer he had promifed, 

VOL. XII. P ani 

226 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY" 

An. 19. Car. I. and doubting it would tend to fuch an Iflue of the 
Treaty as they did not wifli, they being rather for 
the Continuance of the War, never left preffing 
and perfuading of the King, till they prevailed with 
him to change his former Refolutions, and to give 
Order for his Anfwer to be drawn as it was now de- 

The Treaty, upon the King's Proportions, as 
well as upon the Commiffioners, going flowly on, 
and their Inlrru&ions being ftric"r., and fuch as they 
could not (hew to the King when he defired it, he 
thought fit, April 12, to fend a Meflage to the Par- 
liament during the Treaty. 

[Here follow the Heads of this Mejfage, which 
we have already given at Length, p. 221.] 

* This being intimated to the Commiffioners, they 
(TilTuaded the fending of it, as that which they feared 
might break off the Treaty, and the Improbability 
that the Houfes would adjourn, and leave the City 
of London, their beft Friends and Strength, and put a 
Difcontent upon them. 

* Yet the King was prevailed with to fend it; 
and, upon the Receipt of it by the Houfes, they 
prefently refolved to call away their Corr.miflioners, 
and fent their Orders to them to return to the 
Parliament, which they obeyed ; and fo this Trea- 
ty, having continued from the 4th of March to the 
1 5th of April, was now difiblved, and all their 
Labours and Hazards become fruitlefs and of no 
Effect; and all good Englifimen, Lovers of the 
Peace of their Country, were troubled and difap- 

' When they were come to the Parliament they 
.gave them a particular Account of all their Negotia- 
tion, wherewith they were fo well fatisfied, that they 
ordered the Thanks of the Houfe to be given them ; 
and, by Vote, approved of all their Proceedings.' 

Thus much for the fruitlefs Treaty of Oxford : 
We now return to the other Proceedings of both 


Of E N G L A N D. 227 

The Month of Jpril begins with an Ordinance An. 19. Car. I, 
of Parliament, which, afterwards, proved the moft l6 43- 
oppreflive to the Royal Party in the Kingdom, of l - ~~'~ f - 
any Thing yet done by either Houfe. This was 
the Ordinance for feizing and fequeftring the Real 
and Perfonal Eftates of Delinquents. The whole is 
in Ru/bwortki except the Names of the Sequeftra- 
tors, which, probably, were omitted in thofe Col- 
lections, to prevent giving Offence to particular Per- 
fons at that Time : But thefe we have fupplied from 
the Original Edition of this Ordinance, publifhed by 
the Authority of both Houfes. By this Lift the 
Reader will fee who were the Perfons the Parliament 
then nominated to be Sequeftrators throughout the 
whole Kingdom ; though fome of them, there na- 
med, had too much Regard for their Character, or 
their Safety, to put the Office in Execution ; and 
others of them, afterwards, declared in Favour of the 
King. The Lift runs thus : 


SI R Beauchamp St. John and Sir yobn Burgsyn, Names of the 
Baronets ; Sir Thomas Alfton, Knt. and Bart. Perfons appoint- 
fcir Roger Burgoyn, Sir Oliver Lnke, and Sir Samuel f^^^ ? 
Luke, Knights ; Thomas Rolt, Thomas Sadler , James f u ch as a'dhere't* 
Beverley, Humphry Monoux, Edward OJbcrn, Ro- the King, 
bert Stanton, and Samuel Brown, Efquires. 

BEDFORD Town. The Mayor for the Time 


Sir Francis Pile, Bart. Sir Francis Knollis, jun. 
Knt. Peregrine Hobby, Henry Martin, Roger Knight , 
Henry Powle, Thomas Fettiplace, and Tanfield Va- 
thelly Efquires, 


Sir Richard Ingoldjby, Knt. Henry Bul/lrode, 

Thomas Tyrrel, and Richard Grenville^ Efquires; 

Sir Peter Temple, Bart. Sir Thomas Sanders, Knt. 

Anthony Ratdtffe, and Thomas Wejlall, Efquires ; 

Sir William Andrews, Knt. Bulftrode Wbitlocke > 

P 2 John 

228 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I.John Hampden, Arthur Goodityn, and Richard fPin- 
wood t Efquires. 


Sir Dudley North, Sir John Cuts, and Sir Tho- 
mas Martin, Knights ; Capt. Symonds ; Dudley 
Pope, Efq; Str Miles Sandys, Knt. Francis RuffeU^ 
Oliver Cromwell, William Fijher, Thomas Thompfon, 
Thomas Becket, Walter Clapton, Robert Caftle, Tho- 
mas Bendijh, John Welbore, Robert Clark, Michael 
Dalton, jun. Thomas Parker, Thomas Ducket, "John 
Hobart, Thomas Cajlle, George Clapthorn, JohnTowers % 
Edward Leeds, and William Marjh, Efquires. 

CAMBRIDGE Town and Univerfity. The Mayor 
for the Time being; Oliver Cromwell, 'John Lowry^ 
William Wetbore, Talbot Pepys Recorder, John Sher- 
wood, Samuel Spaulden, Thomas French t and Robert 
Robfon, Efquires. 


Sir George Booth, Knt. and Bart. Sir J^ill'tam 
Brereton, Bart. T})omas Stanley, Henry Manwaring^ 
Henry Brook, John Bradjhaw, Robert Duckenfield^ 
Henry Vernon> John Crewe, and William Marbury^ 

CHESTER City. William Jounce, Mayor ; John 
Alder fey, Peter Leigh, and William Edwards, Mer- 


Sir Richard Carew, Bart. Francis Buller, Alex- 
cnder Carew, John Trefufes, John St. Aubin, Richard 
Erifey, JohnAloyle, Francis Godolphin of Tremomgue^ 
Thomas Gawen, John Carter^ and Thomas Arundell^ 


William Law f on, William Brifcoe, Thomas Lam- 
7 7, Richard Barwis y and John Barwis, fen. 


Sir George Cbudleigh, Sir John Pool, and Sir John 
Northcote, Baronets ; Sir Edrr.und Powell, Sir &?- 
muel Rolle, Sir Shiljlon Calmady, and Sir Nicholas 
Martin, Knights i Sir Francis Drake, Bart. Ro- 

Of ENGLAND. 229 

bert Savery, Henry Walrond, Francis Rous, Ed- An. 19. Car. I, 
mund Prideaux, Henry Wroth, Hugh Fortefcue, Ar- 
thur Upton, John Tea, William Frye, and George 
Trobridge, Efquires ; the Mayor of Plymouth for the 
Time being. 

EXON City. Chrijlopher Clark, Mayor ; Richard 
Sanders, Thomas CroJJing, Walter White, and John 
Hakewill, Aldermen ; Barnes Gould, Sheriff. 

Sir John Curzon, and Sir John Cell, Baronets ; 
Sir John Coke, Knt. Francis Revitt, Nathaniel Hal- 
/owes, and James Abney, Efquires. 


Denzill Holies, Efq; Sir Thomas Trenchard and 
Sir Walter Erie, Knights ; John Brown, Thomas 
Tregonall ; John Binghnm, John Hanham, John 
Trenchard, Dennis Bond, Richard Broderope, Wil- 
liam Savage, Robert Butler, and William Sydenbam, 
jun. Richard Rofe, John Henley, Thomas Ceely, and 
'Thomas Erie, Efquires. 

POOL Town and County. Henry Martin, Mayor; 
George Skut, William Skut, Anthony Wait, William 
Williams, Aaron Durell, Richard Mayer, and Havi- 
land Healy, Aldermen. 

DORCHESTER Town. The Mayor for the Time 
being j Mr. John Hill and Mr. Richard Bury. 

Henry Warmouth, George Lilbourn, Thomas Mil- 
ford, Robert Hntton, Thomas Shadforth, Clement 
Falthrop, Richard Lilbourn, Francis Wren, John 
Blakifton, Henry Draper, and John Brackenbury, 


Sir Thomas Barrington, Knt. and Bart. Sir Henry 
MUdmay of Wanftead ; Sir Martin Lumley and Sir 
Harboitle Grim/Ion, Knights and Baronets ; Sir 
Richard Everard and Sir William Hicks, Baronets ; 
Sir Thomas Cheek, Sir Henry Halcroft, Sir William 
Rowe, Sir Thomas Honey-wood, Sir William Martin^ 
and Sir John Barrington, Knights ; Sir William Maf- 
bam, Bart. William Ma /ham, John Wright, Oli- 
P 3 ver 

230 Tht Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. l.ver Raymond, Harbottle Grim/ion, 'John Sayer, 
John Burket, Anthony Luther ; Timothy Middleton, 
Thomas Coke, Deane Tindal, James Herne, Wil- 
liam Goldingham, John Atwood, John Sarrcll, Ri- 
chard Harbackenden, Henry Wijtiman, Robert Smith, 
Robert Browne, William Atwood, Nathaniel Bacon, 
' John Meade, Robert Wtftman of Mayland, Ifaac 

dllen^ Hafely, Samuel Friborne, Peter Whit- 

combe, Robert Young^ Jeremy Aylet^ William Col" 
lard, Robert Crane, Robert Calthrop> and Arthur 
Barnardifton, Efquires. 

COLCHESTER Town. The Mayor for the Time 
being ; Harbottle Grimjlon and Henry Barrington, 

GLOUCESTERSHIRE, with the City of Gloucefter 
and County thereof. 

Sir Robert Cooke, Knt. Nathaniel Stephens, John 
George, Edward Stephens, and John Stephens, 
Efquires ; Thomas Pury, Alderman ; Sir John Sey- 
mour, Knt. Thomas Hodges and John Coddringtoa^ 


Sir Rsbert Harley, Knight of the Bath ; Sir /- 
chard Hopton, Knt. Walter Kirle, Edward Broughton, 
and Henry Vaughan, Efquires. 

HEREFORD City. Sir Robert Harley, Knight of 
the Bath y Walter Kirle, Richard Hobjon y John 
Flackei, and Henry Vaughan, Elquires. 

Charles Lord Vifcount Cranborne ; Robert Cecil, 
Efq; Sir John Garrat and Sir John Reade, Baronets ; 
Sir Thomas Dacres, Sir William Litton, and Sir 
John Witterong^ Knights; Richard Jennings, Ralph 
Freeman, William Lemon, William Priejlley, John 
Heydon, Alexander Wild, Richard Porter, and Adorn 
Washington, Efquires. 

ST. ALBAN'S. The Mayor for the Time being ; 
John Robotham, Ralph Pemberton, and Qraveley 
Norton, Efquires. 


Sir Thomas Cotton, B.irt. Sir John Hewit, Knt. 
Qnjlow Winch) Terril Jocelyne, Thomas Temple, 


Of ENGLAND. 231 

John Co/He, Oliver Cromwell, Abraham Burwell, An, 19. Car. I. 
Edward Montague, and John Bulkley, Efquires. .J 64 j* 
KENT. April. 

Sir Thomas Walfingham and Sir Anthony Weldon y 
Knights; Sir John Sidley, Sir Edward Hales, Sir 
Humphry Tufton, and Sir Henry Hcyman, Knights 
and Baronets ; Sir Michael Livefey, Bart. Sir Henry 
Vane, jun. Sir Edward Scot, Sir Edward Boh, Sir 
JVtlliam Brook, Sir Peter Wroth, Sir George Sandys* 
Sir John Honeywood, Sir James Oxendcn, and Sir Ri- 
chard HardreJJe, Knights ; Auguftine Skinner, Ri- 
chard Lee, Thomas Sclliard, John Bois, fen. Thomas 
Blunt, and Samuel Short, Efquires. 

CANTERBURY City. The Mayor for the Time 
being ; Sir William Man, Knt. Sir Edward Majler? 
Knt. John Nutt and Thomas Courthorpe, Efquires ; 
Avery Savine, Alderman. 

ROCHESTER City. The Mayor for the Time be- 
ing ; Sir Anthony Weldon, Sir William Brooke, and 
Sir Thomas Walfingham ; Richard Lee, Efq; the 
Mayor of Tenterden for the Time being ; William 
Bois, William James, Mark Dixwell, and Henry 
Samford, Efquires. 


Sir Ralph A/hton and Sir Thomas Stanley, Baro- 
nets ; Ralph Ajhton of Downham, Ralph AJhton of 
Middleton, Richard Shuttleworth, Alexander Rigby 9 
John Moore, Richard Holland, Edward Butter- 
worth, John Bradjhaw, William AJhurft, Peter Eger- 
ton, George D adding, Nicholas Cunliff, John Star- 
key, Thomas Birch, and Thomas Fell, Efquires ; 
Robert Cunlijf, Robert Curwen, and John Nowell^ 


Henry Lord Grey of Ruthyn, Thomas Lord Grey 
of Groby ; Sir Arthur Hafilrigge, Bart. Sir Edward 
Hartop and Sir Thomas Hartop, Knights ; William 
Hewet, John Bembridge, Peter Temple, George 
AJhby, William Roberts, Richard Bent, Arthur 
Stanley, William Danvers, and John Goodman y 

232 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. LEICESTER Town. Richard Ludlam, Mayor; 
l6 *3- IVUltam Stanley, Alderman. 


. For the Parts of Lindfcy. Sir John Wray, Knt. 
and Bart. Sir Edward Afcough and Sir Samuel Old- 
field, Knights j John Wray, Willcughby Hickman^ 
Edward ifrhichcot, Edmond Anderfon, Edward Ro- 
fiter, and John Broxholme, Efquires ; Sir William 
Armyn, Bart. Sir Hamond Whichcot, Knt. Sir John 
Brownlow and Sir Thomas Trollop, Baronets ; Ths~ 
mas Hatcher ; Sit Chnjlopher Wray ; Thomas Gran- 
tham, Thomas Lifter, and John Archer , Efquires 5 
Sir William Brownlow. 

For the Parti of Holland. Sir Anthcny Irby ; Wil- 
liam Ellis and John Harrington, inquires ; the 
A'layor of Bjjhn for the Time being ; Thomas Hall, 
Thomas Wetb\\ ^nd Willejby. Efquires. 

LINCOLN City and the Clofe. The Mayor for the 
Time being ; Thomas Grantham and John Br ox- 
holme, Efquires ; Robert Moorecroft, William Wai' 
fon t and Stephen Dawfon, Aldermen. 


Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Bart. Sir Edward Barkham^ 
Knt. and Bart. Sir Richard Sprignal, Bart. Sir John 
Franklyn, Sir John Hippejley, Sir William Roberts, 
Sir 'fames Ha> ringtcn, anti Sir Robert Wood, Knights } 
Lawrence Whitacre, Ju/Jinian Paget, Willian* &-jc al- 
low * John Huckjley, Thomas WiUox, John Morris , 
Richard Button, and Jibn Smith, Efquires. 

LONDON City, and Jurifdiciion of the Lord Mayor, 
The Lord Mayor and the Aldermen, Aldermen's 
Deputies, and Common Councilmen of the faid 

WESTMINSTER City and Liberties. Sir Robert 
Pye, Sir William dfnton, and Sir John Corbet^ 
Knights ; John G!yn, John Trenehard, and tVil- 
tiam Wheeler, Ef quires ; John Brigham, Gesrge 
BeverhaJJet, Anthony Withers, and William Barns^ 

Gendemeni Jofias Fendall, William Bcll y Tuc- 


Of E N G L A N D. 233 

%gy y .- Colihejler, and Stephen Higans,Aa, ig Car. I. 

Efquires. l6 4S- 

NORFOLK County, and City of Norwich with the Apri i. 

County thereof. 

Sir Thomas Woodhoufe, Sir John Holland, Sir 
^o&tf Poits, and Sir y<J^ Hobart, Baronets ; Sir 
Miles Hobart and Sir Thomas Huggen, Knights ; 
'John Cook) John Spelman, Philip Beddingfield, and 
Sa?nuel Smith, Efquires ; the Sheriffs of Norwich j 
the Bailiffs of Yarmouth ; Thomas Toll and John 
Percival, of Lynn ; Thomas Windham, Francis Jer- 
my, Robert Wood^ Gregory Caufell, John Haughton t 
Thomas IVeld, Martin Sedley, and Thomas Sother- 
ton, Efquires ; Sir Edmond Mountford, Knt. Wtl-> 
Ham Revenlngham^ William Gook^ and Robert Rich y 
Efquires ; Sir Richard Berney^ Sir IJaac tfjlley, and 
Sir John Palgrave, Knights j Brigg Fountain and 
John Tooly^ Eiquires. 

' Sir Rowland St. John, Knight of the Bath ; Sir 
John Norwich, Knt. Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bart. 
Sir Richard Samwel, Knt. John Crew, John Bar- 
nard, Edward Harvey, Edward Farmer, John Nor- 
ton, and John Chappoole, Efquires ; Sir John Dry- 
den^ Bart. Richard Knightley, Eiq; Sir Chriftopher 
Telverton, Knt. and Bart. Zouch Tate, Philip Hole- 
?nan, and Thomas Pentlow, Efquires. 

NORTHAMPTON Town. The Mayor for the Time 
being j Thomas Martin and John Fijher 9 Alder- 


Sir John Penwick, Bart. Sir Jo. Delaval, Knt. 
Thomas Middleton, William Shaftoe, Michael Wei- 
den, and Henry Ogle, Efquires. 

NEWCASTLE Town. John Blakifton, Efq; 

For the Town of BERWICK upon TWEED. John 
Sleigh, Mayor j Sir Robert Jackfon, Knt. Ralph 
Salkeld, Efq; 

Francis Pier point, Efq; Sir Francis Thornehaugh 
3nd Sir Thomas Hutcbinfon, Knights ; Francis 


Parliamentary HISTORY 

Jofeph Widmerpoole, Robert Reynes, 
>_ Millington, and John Hutchinfon, Efquires ; 

April. Sir frauds Molineux, Knt. Charles White and 
Henry Ireton, Efquires. 

NOTTINGHAM Town and County thereof. The 
Mayor for the Time being ; James Chad-wick, Efcj; 
Huntington Plumtre, M. D. John James, Alder- 
man, and John Gregory, Gent. 


Sir Edward Harrington, Knt. Evers Armyn, Ro- 
bert Horfman, John OJborne, Chriftopher Browne-^ 
Robert Horfman, jun. and Thomas Wait* Efquires. 


Sir John Homer, Sir Thomas Wroth, and Sir 
George Farwell, Knights ; Clement Walker, Alex- 
ander Popham, William Strode, Richard Cole, John 
Harrington, John Hippejley, William Long, John 
Prefton, Henry Henley, Henry Stamford, John Pymme, 
James Ajh, and John Aft), Efquires j Roger Hill, 
George Serle, and Jafper Chaplyn, Gentlemen ; Ri- 
chard Capell, William Bull, Robert Harbin, John 
Hunt, and Robert Blake, Efquires j the Mayor of 
Bridge-water that now is. 

BRISTOL City. Richard dldworth, Mayor; Jo- 
feph Jackfon, Hugh Browne, Sheriffs ; Richard All- 
worthy, Alderman ; Luke Hodges, and Henry Gibbs. 
SOUTHAMPTON County, the Town and County there- 
of, and the Ijle of Wijrht. 

Sir Henry Worjley and Sir William Lewis, Ba- 
ronets ; Sir Thomas Jervois, Sir William Lijle, Sir 
John Leigh, Sir Henry Clerke, Sir John Compton, 
and Sir Richard King/mill, Knights ; Robert Dil- 
lington, Robert Wallop, Richard Whitehead, Rich* 
ard Norton, John Doddington, Richard Jervois, 
John Lijle, John Button, Edward Hooper, John 
'Bulkley, Thomas Clerke, John Kemp, Richard Ma- 
jor, Francis St. Barbe, Nicholas Love, John Fielder, 


There are no Seqi'.eftrators nominated for this County: 

As the Kins at this Tune kept his Court at Oxford, furrounded with 
his Army, we prtfamc the Parliament thought it to no P&rpofc c 
appoint any. 

Of E N G L A N D. 235 

William fathers, Thomas Chandler, James Tutt, An. 19. Car. r. 
John Pitman, and 'John Hooke, Efquires; George 1643. 
Gallop and E .ward Exon, Aldermen of Southamp- v v- ^ 
Ion ; and the Mayor of Winchejler for the Time 


Sir William Playters, Knt. and Bart. Sir Na- 
thaniel Barnardijlon, Knr. Sir William Spring, Bart. 
Sir Roger North, Sir Thomas Barnardljlon, Sir Wil- 
liam Soame, Sir John Wentworth, and Sir Philip 
Parker, Knights ; William Heveningbam, Nathaniel 
Bacon of Fro/ion, Nicholas Bacon, Maurice Barrow, 
William Blois, Henry North, Robert Breujler, 
Brampton Gourdon, Francis Bacon, Theophilus 
Vaughan, of Beckles, William Cage, William Rivet 
of Bilfon, Edmund Harvey, John Gourdon, and 
Thomas Coale, Efquires ; John BaJJe and Francis 
Brewfter, Gentlemen ; the Bailiffs of the Town of 
Jpfwich that now are ; John Sicklemer, Richard. 
Puplet, and John Aldus, Gentlemen ; Nathaniel 
Bacon of Ipfwich. 

ST. EDMUND'S BURY. Samuel Moody, Thomas 

Cole, Chaplin ; the Bailiffs of the Town of 

Aldborougb for the Time being ; Thomas Gibbs, Al- 
derman, and Thomas Johnfon. 

Sir Richard Onflow, Sir William Elliot, and Sir 
Robert Parkhurft, Knights ; Nicholas Stoughton, 
George Evehn of Wotton, Henry Wejlon, and Ar- 
thur Onjlsw, Efquires ; Sir Ambrofe Browne, Bart. 
Sir Anthony Vincent, Knt. and Bart. Sir John Dign- 
ley and Sir Matthew Brand, Knights ; Edward 
Sanders, Robert Holman, Robert Houghton, George 
Evelin, Francis Drake, Thomas Sandys, George 
Myn, and William Mufcamp, Efquires j Sir John 
Howland and Sir John Evelin, Knights; Robert 
Goodwin, George Fairwell, and John Goodwyn, 
Efquires ; Richard Wright and Cornelius Cooke y 


Sir Thomas Pelham, Bart. Anthony Stapley, Her- 
bert Morley, Thomas Whit field, John Baker, and 


236 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aa. 19. Car. I. Herbert Hay, Efquires j Herbert Springate of the 
Brcyle, Ralph Cooper , Hall Ravenfcroft, Edward 
"Apjley, 'John Downes, William Cawley, Edward 
Higgcns, Thomas Chute, George Oglandcr, George 
Simpfon, John Bujbridge, Thomas Middleton, and 
James ^Temple, Efquires j Captains Thomas, Collins, 
Car let on, and Ever ton. 


Sir John Corbet, Knt. William Pierpoint, Richard 
fyloore, Thomas Witton, Thomas Nichols, Humphry 
Mackworth, Andrew Lloyd of djlon, Lancelot, Lee % 
fhomas Hunt, and John Corbet^ Efquires. 


Sir Richard Skeffington, Knt. Richard Pyott, Mi- 
chael Rydfflpb, Edward Manwaring^ Matthew Mor- 
ton, "John Birch, Ralph Rudyard, Michael Lowe^ 
Michael Noble, and Edward Leigh, Efquires ; Sir 
Walter Wrotejley, Sir Edward Littleton, and Sir Ed- 
ward Brcrcton, Baronets. 

LITCHFIELD City. The Bailiffs and the Sheriff 
of the faid City for the Time being ; Michael Noble r , 
Richard Draffgate, Richard Baxter, and Thomas 
Burnes, Gentlemen. 

WA R W I C K S H I R E. 

The now Mayor of the City of Coventry ; Sir 
Peter Wentwarth, Knight of the Bath ; Sir Edward 
Peyti, Knt. John Hales, Godfrey Bofwell, John 
Barker, William Purefoy, dnlhony Stau^hton^ George 
Abbot, Thomas Boughton, William Colemore, Thomas 
Bafnet, William Jeflon, Gamaliel Purefoy, and Tho- 
mas WiUoughby, Efquires. 

COVENTRY City and County thereof. John Barker t 
Jfaac Bromich, and Robert Philips, Efquires. 

Denzil Holies, Efq; Sir Edward Hungerford, 
Sir Edward Baynton, Sir Nevil Poole, and Sir John 
Evelyn, Kniphts ; Edtvard Baynton, EdwardTucker, 
William Wheeler, Edward Goddard, Alexander 
Thiftlethwait, jun. John White, Edward Poole, 
Thomas Alscre, Jahn Ajh t and Robert Jennour, 


Of E N G L A N D. 237 


Sir Henry Bellingham, Knt. and Bart. George Gil- An. 19. Car. I. 
pin, Edward Wilfon, Nicholas Fijher, Thomas Sled- 
dall, Rowland Dawfon, and Allan Bellingham^ 
Efquires ; Roger Bateman, Richard Branthwaite, 
Robert Phillipfon, and Jervafe Ben/on, Gentlemen. 


John Wilde and Richard Crefwell, Serjeants at 
Law ; Humphry Sallway^ Edward Dignley, Ed- 
ward Pit, Thomas Greves, and William 


Eaft- Riding. Ferdinando Lord Fairfax', 
Hotham, Knt. and Bart. Sir William Strickland^ 
Bart. Sir Philip Stapylton and Sir Thomas Rymingtan, 
Knights ; Richard Rymington, John Hotbam, John 
Anlaby, Richard Darley, Henry Darley y and John 
Allured^ Efquires. 

North -Rid ing. Ferdinando Lord Fairfax ; Sir 
Hugh Cholmley^ Sir Henry Foulis, Sir Thomas Nor- 
diffe, and Sir Matthew Boynton^ Barts. Sir William 
Sheffield, Knt. John Hot ham, Bryan Stapylton, Henry 
Darley, Henry Anderfon, John Wajlell, Chri/lophcr 
Percey, George Trotter, Matthew Smelt, John Le- 
gard de Malton y Francis Lafcelles, Geoffrey Gate, 
John Dent, Thomas Robinfon, Francis Boynton y and 
ChriJIopher Waters, Efquires. 

Weft- Riding. Ferdinando Lord Fairfax ; 
Thomas Maleverer, Bart. Sir William Lifter, 
Edward Rhodes, Sir William Fairfax, Sir 
Savile, and Sir Thomas Fairfax, Knights ; 
Hotham, Charles Fairfax, Henry Arthington, 
Farrer, William White, Thomas Maleverer, George 
Alarwood, John Robinfon, Thomas Stockdale, Tho- 
mas Wejlby, John Bright, Thomas Bofeville, God- 
frey Bofeville, and John Ellis, Efquires ; and Capt. 
Edward Briggs. 

YORK City. Sir Thomas Fairfax, and Sir Thomas 
Widdringion, Knights ; Thomas Hodgfon, James 
Hutchinfon, and John Faux, Aldermen ;' Sir William 
4llanfon t and Thomas Hoylts 


238 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. Town of KINGSTON upon HULL and County 

l^ 4 ll . thereof. Sir John Hotham, Knt. and Bart. Thomas 

April. Raikesy Mayor ; John Hotham and Peregrine Pel- 

haniy Efquires j Lancelot Ropery John Bernard, 

Jcjhua Rally Nicholas Denman, and wiUiarb Fapple, 


Sir Hugh CM*. April 3. A Letter to the Houfe of Commons, 
ley defots the from Sir John Hothaniy was read, intimating, That 
ament. ^ Hugh cbolmley* Governor of Scarbrough Cattle, 
had deferted the Parliament ; but that, by his Di- 
rections, the Caftle was regained by Capt. Bufoel', 
on which the Houfe immediately expelled Sir Hugb y 
anddifabled him from ever fitting as a Member there ; 
and ordered that he fhould be impeached of High 
Treafon, for falfly and perfidioufly betraying the 
Truft repofed in him by the Parliament, fallifying 
his Proteftation, and revolting to the Popifh Army 
raifed againft the Parliament. 

Nothing clfe occurring in the 'Journals from this 
Time worth Notice, except the foregoing, we (hall 
pafs on to the i8th of this Month j when the Par- 
liament's Conrtmiffioners being all returned, the 
.Earl of Northumberland had the public Thanks of 
the Houfe of Lords given him for his prudent Ma- 
nagement in that Bufmefs. Lord Clarendon, in 
his Account of the Treaty before given, has hinted, 
that this Nobleman was one of theSufpeded amongft 
the Commiilioners, as too much favouring the 
Royal Caufe ; and that Mr. Martin, one of the 
The / Ear , 1 ? f / Committee of Safety at Weftminjlery had open- 
hwingcaneVMr.^ a Letter from the Earl, at Oxfordy to his 
Mamn for open- Lady. We find, by the Journals, that this Af- 
ing a Letter off a j r was highly reiented by his Lordftiip ; who, at 
8> his Return, meeting Mr. Martin at a Conference 

in the Painted-Chamber, took him afule and que- 
ftioned him upon it ; but Mr. Martin] unifying what 
he had done, the Earl caned him in the Prefence 
. of feveral Perfons Mr. Martin complained of this 
to the Houfe of Commons , which produced the 


Of E N G L A N D. 239 

following Meflage to the Lords, brought up by Mr. An. 19. Car, ! 
Glynne, who faid, ^ ' 

He was commanded by the Houfe of Commons ^Jjjj, ' 
to tell their Lordftiips, that they had always been 
very tender of their Lordfhips' Privileges, and very 
defirous of the Continuance of a fair Agreement 
between both Houfes ; and they were very con- 
fident that their Lordfhips would be as tender of 
the Privileges of the Houfe of Commons. That 
they were informed, That, this Day, Mr. Mar- 
tin, a Member of the Houfe of Commons, ap- 
pointed by them to be one of the Managers at a 
Conference, as he was returning from it, (as the 
Members ought to do without any Hindrance or 
Violence) was afiaulted in the Painted-Chamber 
by a Peer of great Worth, the Earl of Northumber- 
land ; which they held to be a Breach of the Privi- 
lege of Parliament : And for this, he faid, he was 
commanded by the Houfe of Commons to defire 

The Earl being then in the Houfe, flood up and A Conference it 
faid, That he fubmitted himfelf to their l^"*f 
(hips' Judgment in this Bufinefs ; but defired them to privilege, 
take his Cafe firft into Confederation, and to get Re- 
paration for the great Breach of Privilege done to the 
Houfe of Lords, and the Injury to himfelf, by Mr. 
Martin, in opening his Lordftiip's Letter fent from 
Oxford, without any Authority ; he being a Peer of 
that Houfe, and then employed by it as one of the 
Committee to treat with his Majefly about the Af- 
fairs of the Kingdom.' 

All the Anfwer the Lords gave to this MefTage 
from the Commons, at firft, was, That they would 
fend one by Meflengers of their own. They then 
took into Confideration the Fact done by Mr. Mar- 
tin, in opening the Earl's Letter without any Au- 
thority : And confidering the Earl of Northumber- 
land as a Member of the Houfe of Lords, and as a 
Perfon of that Capacity he was in when the Faci 
was committed, being employed by their Houfe to 
treat with his Majefty about the great Affairs of the 


240 The Parliamentary His TORT 

19. Car. I. Kingdom, they conceived the Matter to be a great 
4 -Breach and Violation of the Privileges of their Houfe; 

ant * * was re ^ ve< ^ to have a Conference with the 
Commons, the next Morning, concerning their 
Privileges, and to give them a Narration jof the 
whole Bufmefs ; and a MelTage was fern down ac- 
cordingly. But though we arc told, by the Lords 
Journals, that a Conference was held the next Day, 
and a Narration of the Fat made by their Lordfhips - t 
yet it is not entered in either Journal, nor is there 
any more faid about this Bufinefs. c 

April 21. Mr. Martin had dropp'd fome Ex- 
prefSons, at a Conference, the Day before, which 
the Lords refented : It feems that Houfe was not 
fo forward in palling Ordinances for feizing the 
Eftates of Delinquents, as the other ; and, this 
Day, the Lords making fome Objections to an 
Ordinance of that Sort, they recollected that Mr. 
Martin faid, 

' I have Something to deliver to your Lordfhips 
in the Behalf of the Houfe of Commons. It is 
true, my Lords, there are fome Privileges be- 
lonsing to the Houfe of Peers, and others to 
the Houfe of Commons ; and this of railing 
Monies you have ever, folely, attributed to them ; 
fo as your Lordmips have never rcfufed to join 
with them, when they have brought up any Thing 
that concerns the raifing of Money : And, there- 
fore, they expect you would not now refufe to pafs 
this Ordinance without giving them fome very good 
Reafons for it. 

The Lords debated this Matter for fome Time, 
and afterwards appointed a Committee of ten Lords 
to confiderof a fit Way how to vindicate the Privi- 
lege of their Houfe, in this Particular : But it is 
probable this Matter was dropp'd as the former, for 
we find nothing more of it in the Journals. 


It is probable the Affair was privately made up, and that Nfr. 
Martin was prevailed upon to give Satisfaction to the Earl, rather 
thaa diioblige a Man of fuch Contequcnce to the whole Party. 

Of E N G L A N D. 241 

The Civil War now breaking out again, with An. 19. Car. I. 
frefh Fury, in moft Parts of the Nation, there l6 43- 
are few Proceedings in the Journals of either Houfe *"" T V T"" J - 
worth Notice, in this Month, which are not re- 
lative thereto. We lhall not enter into a Defcrip- 
tion of the Battles, Sieges, Skirmifhes, or other 
Military Tranfactions of thefe Times, any further 
than giving the Letters of Intelligence, which both 
Houfes received from their Generals in different 
Parts. Thefe being moft unqueftionably authentic, 
and very few of them ever printed, highly deferve 
the Public Attention ; as either confirming, or fet- 
ting afide, the Accounts given by later Hiftorians. 

April 25. A Letter from the Earl of Effex, who 
then lay before Reading with his whole Army, was 
read, in the Houfe of Lords, addrefled to their 
Speaker, in thefe Words : 

My Lord, 

T Hold it my Duty to acquaint the Parliament with The Earl of /- 
* fome Pajfages that happened Yejierday Morning f fx>s I^te^ftom 
and this lajl Night. In the Morning, about Two of orc 
the Clock, Captain Kerr, that commands Sir Wil- 
liam Balfour'j Troop, with two Troops more, being 
upon the Guard at Caverfham, to take Care that no 
Provifions Jhould be put into the Town, the General 
Ruthen, with about 1500 Horfe and Dragoons y 
namely, feven Regiments of Horfe and two or three 
hundred Dragoons, fur prized two Centinels ; but, ha- 
ving the Alarm, our Troops charged with forty Horfe 9 
and fo retreated to Colonel Berkeley'* Regiment that 
was drawn over the Bridge. The Enemy charging^ 
the Mufqueteers gave Fire, and attacked Colonel Hoi- 
born with his Mufqueteers fo refolutely, that they 
wheeled about and went away, otcr few Horfe follow- 
ing them three Miles. Their Intention was to put 
forty Barrels of Powder into the Town. 

That Evening I fent out Colonel Middleton and 
Colonel Meldrum with their Horfe, and Colonel 
Milne with four Troops of his Dragoons, to find out the 
Enemy. They Jell in with them about Eleven at Night, 
Q at 

nemy. They fell 

242 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

'An. T^ Car. l. at Dorchefter, where the Lift-Guard of Foot lay, 
1643. and the King's Standard, which they knew not of till 
k ^^ nJ afterwards. 

April. y t j }e Soldiers could have been kept from Plun- 

dering^ they might have done much more ; but there 
being fsur Troops of Horfe there, beftdes a Regiment 
of 'Foot ; and being in Danger of having the Commu- 
nication with Wallingford cut off" between them and 
its, they only routed mcji of that Regiment, took the 
Captain and Lieutenant of th: Life-Guard, another 
Lieutenant^ two of the King's Harbingers, one Cornet , 
which they fay was Sir Thomas AftonV, and 40 
other Prisoners, with 150 Horfe. 

The King draws together all his Forces, Prince 
Maurice being come, and Prince Rupert hourly ex~ 
pefted at Brill, and is inarching this Way ; fo that 
Vbe expeft this Night, or Tuefday Night which we 
rather conjecture, all their Forces to fall upon us : 
Bejides, Proclamations are fent out to raije all the 
Country from Jixteen to fixty ; which, if the Parlia- 
ment had Jent out in that Kind, it would well have 
jlrtngthened their Army. 

We doubt not but that God, which bath Jhewed us 
Co tnany Blejjings hitherto, will protect us cut of thefe 
Storms that threaten us. We, that ferve you, arc 
In a hard Condition, lojing all our Fortunes ; and 
thof that are violent ejl again ft the Parliament, have 
their EJlates protected ; if the Army be well paid, 
it is no Matter ; if not, it mujl break ; which I 
think, for the Nwi.ber, is the brave ft Army in Chri- 
ftewdom. I believe that the Time is thought long 
that Reading holds yet out. I ajjure you it is a very 
Jlrong fortified Town, all pallijadoed, and Jlrong in 
Out- Works. 

1 am very loth to venture the Soldiers upon fuch 
Work, it being probable that many may be lojl in 
jlarming ; and, now especially, it were our great 
Hazard, the Enemy being fo near, and we mujl be 
in aPojiure to fight. But I doubt not, by God's 
Elcjjtng, I fliall gire a good Account of this great 
Bujinefs. Sir William Waller doth not come to 
mt according to my ILxpcffation and Order, though 


Of E N G L A N D. 243 

Prince Maurice be come from him, and turned upon An , T9> Car> ^ 
me ; fo that I have now all the King's Forces to deal 1643. 
with, both ^uitbout and within the Town, without the \ -* -J 
JJJiJlance which I had Reafon to look for. AprU> 

Your Lordfhip's 

From before Reading, 

-April 24,! 643. Humble Servant, 


The fame Day the Commons, at a Conference, 
communicated a Letter, which they had drawn up 
to be fent to the Lord Fairfax, in the North, to 
which they defired their Lordlhips Concurrence j 
which was as follows : 

My Lord, 

rOUR Letter of the ijtb of April hath been A Letter of En*. 
imparted to both Houfes of Parliament, twfo """f 1 ?"' , 

, , ' , , i J t t i from bothHoufes 

hath commanded us to let you know, that they do to Lord Fairfax* 
join with you in their Thanks to God, who hath 
hitherto preferved you and thofe fmall Forces from 
the Power and Violence of fuch a Multitude of ma- 
licious and devouring Enemies ; and, by your Means y 
hath kept feme Part of that Country from their Fury 
and Rapine. 

They would have you reft ajjured, that they do 
very much value your Merit, Induftry, and Courage 
exprejfed in fo many great Services ; and that they 
cannot manifeft it in fo plentiful Supplies of Mo- 
ney, Men, and Ammunition, as they would, and as 
the Danger, NeceJJity, and Importance of thofe Parts 
do require ; which they defire you to believe nit to 
proceed from any NeglecJ of that County, which they 
acknowledge to have contributed as much to the Sup- 
port of the Common Caufe as any County in the King- 
dom, and have borne as great Burden of the Public 

The true Reafon is, That, in this general Com- 

lufticn cf the Kingdom, the Contribution of mo ft 

Counties are consumed in their own Defence ; and 

the City hath been fo extremely exhaujledy that it can 

CL 2 hardly 

244 ^ v Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. 1. hardly fupport the Lord-General's Army, unto which 
a great Arrcar remains unpaid, both for Pay and 
S u PPfy f the Magazine : Yet, in this great Dif- 
ficulty^ they have taken Care to ajjift you both with 
Men, Money, and Munition ; and have ej'pecially 
recommended it to the Committee of Lords and Com~ 
mons, both to procure fuch a Proportion of all, as the 
Affairs and Necejffity of the State can afford, and to 
dispatch them to you with as much Expedition as may 

Your Lord/hip is defired to tell Sir Thomas Fair- 
fax, your Son, and the reft of your Commanders, that 
their Courage and Conftancy are very much approved 
t>y both Houfes ; and that they will endeavour to find 
fame Opportunity of a more real and advantageous 
Expreffion of the Efteem they have of their Service ; 
and likewife to publijh ts all the Soldiers^ that the 
Lords and Commons will not forget what they have 
done and endured for the Public Defence of Religion^ 
and of the Kingdom ; or omit any Occafton of giving 
them all due Encouragement to continue their Faithful- 
nefs in this Service for the future, and a juft Reccm- 
fence for that which is pajl. Other Particulars Jhall 
be communicated to you by your Agent, Mr. White. 

This is all we have now received in Command ; we 
Jhatt add nothing of our own, but our hearty Prayers 
for the Continuance of God's Protection and Eleffmg 
to you, and the affectionate RefpecJs of 

Your Lordfhip's 

WfftmiJifter, April 25, 

1643. tnends and Servants, 

Speaker of the Houfe of Peers 
pro Tempore, 


Speaker of the Houfe of Com- 
mons in Parliament. 

The Palatine Family has been long laid afide 
in thele Memoirs, the Parliament, during thefe 


Of E N G L A N D. 245 

Troubles, taking very little Notice of them : And An. 19. Car. I. 
the two Princes of that Houfe, Rupert and Mau- l6 43- 
rice, acting at this Time as principal Command- 
ers in the King's Army, the Commons were much 
enraged againft them. Some Letters had alfo been 
intercepted by the Parliament from the Queen of 
Bohemia to the King her Brother, and to her Sons ; 
which that Princefs was afraid would have fo far 
exafperated them againft her, as to deprive her of 
that fmall Allowance, for a Crown'd Head, which 
the Parliament had made her, and was then almoft 
her only Support. To take ofF therefore any evil 
Notions they might have inculcated againft her 
by thefe Letters, the Queen wrote the following 
artful one to the Houfe of Commons ; which, be- 
ing a Singularity in its Kind, well deferves our No- 
tice. It was directed to the Speaker, and was in 
thefe Words : 

S I R, 

T TAving under/load, by imperfeff Reports y of the The Queen of 
** Interception of feme Letters, which 1 wrote Bohemia'* Letter 
occafionally to the King and my Sons, whereat tbe^g*^ * 
Parliament had taken Offence, I cannot be at Reji Common*. 
'//'// / have endeavoured to remove all fuch Impref- 
fions as might deprive me ef their good Opinion^ 
zuhich 1 fo truly value, and have ever found fa- 
vourable in my Behalf. I would therefore in treat 
you to acquaint the Honourable Houfe of Commons^ 
whereof you are Speaker, that albeit I cannot at 
prefent remember what 1 then particularly wrote^ yet 
if any Thing did, perchance, Jlip from my Pen, in 
the private Relation between a Mother and a Son 9 
which might give them the leajl Dijlajie, 1 intreat 
them to make no worfe Conjiruftion of it than was 
by me intended ; having never admitted of any Thought 
or Refolutions, which hath not been fmcere and 
(cnjiant to the Public Peace and Profperity of the 

With this Profejjion I defire the Honourable Houfe 
to rej} fatisfied ; that I may Jland as upright in their 

246 Tlye Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. l.Judgments as I am in my own dffeftions ; and that 

l6 43- thereupon, confidenng the Dijlreft whereunto I am 

V""" V "T"" J brought by the Wrongs and Opprejfion of mine Enemies , 

they vu:uld give them Occafion to rejoice by flopping thofe 

necejjary Supplies , which, by the Love of the King ;/;y 

Father, and the King my Brother, 1 have hitherto 

enjoyed, and without which 1 have no other Subjiftence 

in this World. 

I do therefore intreat the Honourable Houfe to take 
my prejfing JVants into their kind Confederation, and 
give fuch fpeedy Order for my Relief, that I may be 
kept from Inconvenience in a foreign Country. 

Sir, I crave your Favour in representing hereof ", 
and I Jhall ever remain 

Your moft afTured Friend, 
Ha^pri, ,3, ELIZABETH. 

After this Letter was read, it was ordered to be 
entered in the Journals of the Houfe of Com- 
mons, to be confidered of on Thurftay Morning 
next, this Day being Tuefday\ and the Speaker 
directed to put the Houfe in Mind of it. But we 
find no farther Mention of it, neither on that Day, 
nor any fucceeding. 

April 27. The Houfe of Commons finding that 
their Armies were in great Want of Pay, they had 
a Conference with the Lords about it j in which 
they offered the following Proportions : 

A Conference on Fi>Ji, On ao~' unt of the Lo-d-General's Let- 
thc Means for ter, they confide -a that >iis Eftate was all feque- 
< s ^ ret * a feized upon, whereby he was utterly un- 
$ able to bear the Charge now laid upon him ; therefore 
the Commons defired the Lords to expedite the Or- 
der, formerly fent to them, for to put the Lord- 
General into Poflefiion of the Lord Capers Eftate. 

* In the fame Letter they took Notice, that the 
Army was in Danger to difband, unlefs Care be 
taken to fupply it with Money ; therefore the Com- 
mons defired their Lordfhips to join with them in 


Of E N G L A N D. 247 

jending a feledr. Committee of both Houfes to the An. 19. Car. I. 
City of London, this Morning, to communicate the l6 43 
Lord-General's Letter to them, except that Part of ~-~ ' 
it concerning Sir William. Waller and Delinquents' 
Eftates ; and to offer to them personal Security, of 
the Members of both Houfes, to raife a confiderable 
Sum of Aloney for the Relief of the Army : Like- 
wife to return the Common Council Thanks for 
the procuring of the late Sum of 44,000 /. Alfo 
* To let them know, that the King is now draw- 
ing his Forces into the Field, and has made Pro- 
clamation for all, from fixteen to fixty, to come in 
to his Affiftance ; therefore to defire the City to get 
their Forces in Readinefs to defend it, the adjacent 
Counties, and the Lord-General, if there be Oc- 
cafion. And 

' To defire the City to colled}, fpeedily, the Mo- 
ney that is behind on the Weekly Aflerfment ; and, 
fince the Burdens of voluntary Contributions are 
very great, and divers rich Men have done nothing 
in the Counties, the Houfe of Commons defired 
their Lordfhips to pafs the Ordinance for feizing 
the Twentieth Part of the Malignants' Eftates in 
the Country, which would fpeedily bring in a con- 
fiderable Sum.' 

The Lords agreed to fend a Committee of both 
Houfes into the City, upon the Particulars afore- 
mentioned j but they objected againft enjoining 
any Lords to give their perfonal Securities for the 
procuring of Money, and left every Lord to do 
therein as he pleafed. And as to the Ordinance 
for fequeftring all the Lord Capet's, and that for 
the Twentieth Part of Malignants' Eftates, the 
Lords would take them into their Confideration. 
The Earls of Eollngbroke a , Manchejler b , and Rut- 
land % were nominated, by the Lords, to vifit the 

dpril 29, Many Judgments of Sequeftration 
againft Clergymen from their Livings, with the 


a Oliver St. Jobn, b Edward Montague, J<&n Maanen, 

248 Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. Addition of Imprifonment to their Perfons, for 
preaching againft the Proceedings of the Parlia- 
ment, are entered in both "Journals about this 
Time. And, 

This Day, a Meflage was brought up from the 
Commons, importing, That whereas it had pleafed 
God to give the Lord-General good Succefs in the 

A Thankfgivlng taking of R ea! H ng w j t h f o little Blood, the Com- 
" ' mons had voted to have public Thanks given in all 
Churches and Chapels in the Cities of London and 
Wejlminjler, and the Suburbs, the next Day, for 
fo great a Mercy which God had vouchfafed them. 
Agreed to by the Lords. 

May 2. We now firft meet with the Name of 
Mr. Oliver Cromwell, as an Officer of Rank in the 
Parliament's Army ; a particular Ordinance being 
made concerning him and fome more Officers, as 
Charles Fleelwood, Edward Wballey, and John Def- 
lorougb : Names which will occur more frequently 
in the Sequel. The faid Ordinance appoints, ' That 
whereas Authority was given, by a former, to Col. 
Oliver Cromwell^ and others, for the feizing of the 
Perfons, Horiies, Arms, Money, and Plate of Ma- 
lignants and ill-affected Perfons in the County of 
Cambridge, the Ifle of Ely, &c.' It was now further 
ordained, That the faid Col. Cromwell, fcfr. fhall 
have Authority to feize their Corn and Cattle, as 
well as other Goods, under the Protection of both 
Houfes of Parliament. 

The Dutch had been, of late, much courted by 
the Englijh Parliament, to prevent any Supplies of 
Men, Arms, or Money being fent over to the 
King's Affiftance; but their Agent, Mr. Strickland, 
at the Hague, could not hinder them from felling 
Arms, or taking Pawns of the Queen's, or Crown, 
Jewels, for that Purpofe. At this Time the Par- 
liament was alarmed with the Report of a Naval 
Armament, then getting; ready at Dunkirk, which 
Was to ac~t againft theirs^at Sea j to prevent which, 


Of ENGLAND. 249 

the following Letter was agreed upon, by both An. 19. Car. I. 
Houfes, to be fent to their High Mightinefles with 
ail Speed. 

High and Mighty Lords, 

JT^E are commanded, by the Lords and Commons The Parlia- 
'* In Parliament, to make known to your Lord- meat's Letter to 
/hips, that fever ai Advertifements have been given to ^^"j^?" 
the Committee of the Lords and Commons* ap- goo d Corrdpon- 
pointed by both Houfes to take Care of the Safety 0/"dence, 
the Kingdom on all Occajions that concern the fame, 
both at home and abroad, That the King hath hired 
divers Ships and Frigates of Dunkirk, to the Num- 
ber of 24, or thereabouts ; and that he intended to 
employ them againjl the Fleet appointed by the Par~ 
liament for the Defence of this Kingdom. It was 
further informed. That two of thffe Ships, or Fri- 
gates, were permitted to pafs, out cf Dunkirk, by 
the Admiral of your Lordjhips fleet, by Warrant 
or fame Command from his Highnefs the Prince of 
Orange ; which Information that Committee ordered 
fttould be communicated to Mr. Strickland, now re- 
fident in the Hague by Authority and InftruEiions 
from both Houfes ; which Direction of that Com- 
mittee of both Houfes was likewise feconded by an 
Order of the Commons' Houfe, and Mr. Strickland 
commanded to prefent it to your Lordjhips as he hath 

We are to intreat your Lordjhips to believe, that 
the two Houfes have fuch an Opinion of the Wifdom 
and Jujlice of your State, that they cannot eafily con- 
ceive you would do any Thing fo much to the Preju- 
dice cf the Interejl of yourjelves, as well as of the 
Kingdom ; and the high EJleem and Value -which they 
fet upon your Friendjhip and Correfpondency is fuch y 
that they would not fuffer any Report of that Na- 
ture to be fpread in the World, but fpeedily prefent 
it to your Lord/hips, as an Information only common- 
ly fpoken of, to the great Prejudice and Difreputa- 
tinn of that near Union and Concurrence between this 
Ktngdmp, and your Staie> which they rrsft earnejlly 

2 50 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ig. C*i.l.figfi r g may ever be continued; and they very much 
rejoice to hear, that there was no Ground for that 
Report in any Resolution of your Lordjhips, nor in 
any Command or Direction of the Prince of Orange ; 
whofe eminent Power and Abilities they Jhall always 
hope will be exprefs'd in fuch Counfels and Actions 
as may be mojl agreeable for the Prefirvation of th'e 
Reformed Religion, and the Intereft of both States, 
againft the antient known Enemies of both : And the 
Lords and Commons do ajjure your Lordjhips, that 
you Jhall never difcern any Thing, in their Intentions 
and Proceedings, but what, in their Judgment, Jhall 
be mojl proper and effectual to that End ; and as they 
rejl fully fatisfied concerning the Vanity and Faljhood 
of that Report, fo they pray your Lordjhips to rejl 
ajfured, that thi: Information was appointed to be 
frefented to you, out of a tender Ajfettion to pre- 
ferve both the Being and Reputation of an inviolable 
Conjunction betwixt this Kingdom and your State* 
without Intention to reflefl upon the Honour of his 
Highnefs the Prince cf Orange ; and they defire you 
fo to continue your favourable Audience to Air. Strick- 
land, and to give Credit to him, as one authorized by 
both Houfes of Parliament to csmmunicate to you the 
Affairs of this Kingdom, and to cherij]} the Peace and 
Amity betwixt the two States, which the two Houfes of 
Parliament are confident he will ever faithfully and 
tffettually perform. 

We commend the Profperity of your State, and of 
your Lordfnips, to God?s Blejftng, and remain 

Your Lorcifhips 

Wcftminfter, May 25 

1643- Affe&ionate Friends 

and Servants, 


Speaker of the Houfe of Peers, 
pro Tetnpore. 


Speaker of the Houfe of Com- 

Of E N G L A N D. 251 

May 3. One De Luke having broke open the An. 19. Car. ! 

King's Stables, and taken two young Horfes be- 
longing to his Majefty, the Lords ordered the 
Horfes to be reftored, and De Luke to attend them 
to anfwer it. This Man produced his Warrant 
to the Meffenger, from Mr. Martin ; and Mr. 
Martin himfelf denied to return the Horfes, faying, 
We have taken the King's Ships and Forts, and may 
as well take his Horfes, left they might be employed 
again/I us ; but, however, he added, he would ac- 
quaint the Haufe of Commons therewith the next 
Morning, who would fatisfy the Lords at a Confe- DIf P ute 
rence. This the Lords took very ill, and, at U^^i 
Conference, they told the Commons, That they King's Horfes. 
had refolved to write to the Lord-General, to 
recall Mr. Martin's Commiffion ; but, for himfelf, 
they had done nothing, in regard he was a Mem- 
ber of their Houfe. Adding, That they did ap- 
ply themfelves unto the Commons in all Refpeft 
and Civility, and did look for Reparation in this 
Bufmefs. Inftead of which, the Commons, on 
their Return to the Houfe, voted, That Mr. Mar- 
tin did well in not delivering the two Horfes till 
he had made them acquainted with it : That thefe 
two Horfes fhould be kept by Mr. Martin till this 
Houfe gives further Order ; and that the Lord- 
General fhould be defired not to do any Thing in 
the Bufmefs concerning Mr. Martin, till he heard 

further from that Houfe. To fo low an Ebb 

was the Authority of the Houfe of Peers already re- 
duced ! 

May 5. An Order of Parliament was made, The Book of 
That the Book, enjoining and tolerating of Sports Sports ordered t 
upon the Lord's Day, be forthwith burnt, by the be burnt ' 
Hands of the common Hangman, in Cheapftde, 
and other ufual Places. The Sheriffs of London 
and Middlefex were to attend, and fee this Order 
duly executed ; and all Perfons, who had any of the 
faid Books, were ordered to bring them to one of 
the Sheriffs, for their utter Dcftruction, 


252 The Parliamentary Hi s x o R v 

An. 19. Car. I. jtf a y $ q^e Lords were frill much occupied in 
trying and condemning to Sequeftration, Imprifon- 
ment, &c. many more of the Clergy, whom the 
Commons had accufed of Difaffecfaon to their 
Caufe, and Superftition in Religion, as bowing to 
the Altar, and the like : To prevent which, the 
King put out a Proclamation againft opprefiing 
the Clergy, and intruding of factious and fchifma- 
tjcal Perfons into their Cures ; and inverting or de- 
taining their Tythes and Pofieflions, by Order 
of one or both Houfes of Parliament, contrary to 
all Law and Juftice. But this had no Effect, for 
they ftill went on to fequefter Numbers of the 
Clergy ; though, this Day, they were interrupted 
by a Mefliige from the King, occafioned by a Bill 
lately lent "down to his Majefty, for his Royal 
Aflent to it. This MelTage was introduced, as 
ufual, by a Letter to the Speaker of the Houfe 
of Lords, from the Lord Falkland, and was as 
follows : 


TheKing'sMef-* TT I S Majefty hath, with great Deliberation, 
fage concerning I CO nfidered and weighed a Bill, lately pre- 

' lented to him b >' Sir Rohert f^' Knt - William 
' J e P h f on and ^//;r Hill, Efquires, from both 

* Houfes of Parliament, intituled, An Aft for the 

* fpeedy Payment of Monies fubfcribcd towards the 

* reducing of the Rebels in Ireland, which yet re- 

* mained unpaid. And though, in thefe miferable 
4 Times of Diftraction, where there are Armies, 
4 pretended to be levied by Order of both Houfes, 

* almoft in every County of the Kingdom, and the 
' good old Laws (the Obfervation whereof would 

* preferve the Public Peace) violated and fuppref- 

* fed ; when the Treaty, hopefully begun towards 
4 a happy Peace, is broken, and the Committee 

* recalled by both Houfes, as if they intended no 

* farther Oveiture for laying down Arms, hut to 

* decide all Differences by the Sword ; the World 

* will eafily judge, whether his Majeity might not 

* well 

Of E N G L A N D. 253 

* Well deny to confent to any new Aft of Parliament ; An. 19. Car. I. 
the much Major Part of both Houfes being, by 

Force and Violence, driven and kept from thofe 
Councils, and his Majefty himfelf not fuffered to 
' be prefent : Yet fuch is his Compaffion of Soul 

* towards his poor Proteftant Subjects of that his 
' Kingdom of Ireland^ that he would willingly en- 
' tertain any Expedient whereby it might be evi- 
' dent the Condition of that Kingdom might be 
' relieved, and the Diffractions of this in no Danger 
' of being increafed : And therefore his Majefty de- 
' fires to be fatisfied in thefe Particulars : 

I. * How the great and vaft Sums of Money al- 
ready raifed by the feveral Acts of Parliament for 
' the Relief of Ireland, and which, by thofe Acts, 
' ought not to be employed to any other Purpofe 
than reducing the Rebels, untill they (hall be de- 
' clared to be fuhdued, have been expended ? His 
' Majefty having been informed, that no lefs than 
' 100,000 /. of that Money was, by one Order of 
' one or both Houfes, iflued for the Maintenance of 

* the Army, which hath given him Battle, under 
' the Command of the Earl of EJJex. 

II. ' How his Majefty fhall be fecured, that the 
Money, which, by his Majefty's Confent, fhall 
4 be raifed for the Support of his Army in Ireland* 

* fhall not, for the future, be diverted from that 
' Ufe, and employed againft him in this Kingdom. 

III. * Whether it be juft to compel his good Sub- 
c jects, who have fubfcribed, to pay thofe Subfcrip- 

* tions, when as, at the Time they did fubfcribe, they 
' conceived themfelves abfolved from their Under- 

* taking, if, at any Time, they were content to 

* forfeit the Sum mentioned in that Act : For his 

* Majefty doth not conceive, that, by that Act, 
they are liable to pay the whole Subfcriptions, but 
to fubmit to the Penalty injoined : And then his 
' Majefty is not fatisfied, that, by a new Law, it 
' can be juft to compel them to what, at the firft, 

* they undertook voluntarily , and, it may be, would 

* not have undertaken but upon the Liberty they con- 

* ceived to be then left them ? 


254 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

I. IV. Whether the Power given by this new Bill 
' to Warner i Towfe, and Andrews (Perfons of whofe 
< Integrity and Affedions to the Public Peace his 
' Majefty is in no Degree fatisfied) be not too great ; 
' any Certificate of theirs being Ground enough to 
extend the Eftate of any Subjed in England, whe- 

* ther he ever under- writ or not ? 

V. * Whether all Lands, extended by Virtue of 
this Ad, being to continue in Extent till all For- 

* feitures be fatisfied, it may not be very prejudicial 

* to Creditors to whom thofe Lands are liable ; and 

* and fo the Common Juftice may be difturbed ? 

VI. c Whether, by this Ad, the Extents being 
' not to be avoided, or delayed, for Omiflion of any 

* Lands, the fame may not be prejudicial to all Pur- 
' chafers ; and whether it be not againft the known 
< Courfe of the Law ? 

' His Majefty defires to receive Satisfadion from 

* both Houfes of Parliament in thefe Particulars with 

* all pofiible Expedition ; and then he {hall give all 
' the World an Account how fenfible he is of the 
' Mifery of Ireland^ and how defirous he is to find 

* or embrace any Way for their Relief; the beft, if 
' not the only,Way to which, his Majefty conceives, 

* would be by a good and blefTed Accommodation of 

* thelamentableDiftradionsofthisKingdom; which, 

* if the Matter of his Majefty's laft Meflage were fo 
' entertained, as his Majefty hoped and expeded, 
' might, by the Bleffing of God, in a fhort Time 
be effeded.' 

May 12. On the Petition of a Clergyman to the 
Lords, complaining, That the Archbifhop of Can- 
terbury d refufed to inftitute and collate him to a Par- 
fonage, it was refolved, That an Ordinance of Par- 
liament {hould be parted, by both Houfes, for fe- 
queftring all his Jurifdidion and Power of beftow- 
ing Livings, and to place them in the Power and 
Difpofal of Parliament : That the King's Counfel 
fliould draw up an Ordinance to this Purpofe, and 
when it came to be fent down to the Commons, 


* miliamLaud. 

Of E N G L A N D. 255 

to defire that Houfe to think of proceeding againftAn, 19. Car. I* 
the faid Archbifliop, upon their Charge of High 

Treafon< V ~^ r yT J ' 

The fame Day the Lord-General, being in the 

Houfe of Lords, reprefented the State and Condition 
of the Army, and the great Want of Money ; 
which was the Reafon why they could not march, 
and take the Advantages which occurred to them : 
He likewife made a Ihort Narrative of the taking 
of Reading. Upon which it was refolved to return 
Thanks to his Excellency for his good Conduct, 
and alfo to have a Conference with the Other Houfe, 
in order to quicken them to confider of a certain 
Way of fupplying the Army with Money ; that it 
might not be again in the Straits it had been before, 
and lofe the Opportunities that are offered ; which 
might difcourage the Lord -General's Forces, and 
. encourage the other Side. 

The Lord- General further fignified, that he gave 
Command to the Lord Grty, Colonel Cromwell, 
and other Forces in the North, to draw themfelves 
into a Body, which had not been done accord- 
ing to his Directions ; by which Neglect Con- 
voys of Waggons and Ammunition were come 
to the King without any Interruption. On this 
the Lords thought fit to recommend the Examina- 
tion of this Affair to the Lord-General, why his 
Commands were not obeyed, and where he found 
the Difobedience and Neglect, to recall his Com- 

The next Day the Effect of this Conference was 
reported, That the Houfe of Commons agreed 
with their Lordfhips in giving public Thanks to A Committee r. 
the Lord-General, and defired that the Speakers dered to go into 
of both Houfes might go to his Lordfhip for that c j 
Purpofe : Alfo that they agreed in fettling fome the Ar 
certain Way of raifing Money for the Supply of the 
Army ; and defired that a Committee of both 
Houfes might be fent into the City, to declare to 
them the Neceflity of it. A Committee was fent 



The Parliamentary I Ti STORY 

An. 19. Car. I. It is neceuary to be rem- Place, 

that a Committtee of Lords and v on 
for fome Days paft, fat conftantly at ... 
dajhen -Hall, appointed purely for Advance cf 
Monies ; and, to all that would freely lend, the 
Parliament allowed 8/. per Cent. But, to thofe 
that would neither give nor lend, nor pay the 
Weekly AfTeffment, a Power was given to their 
Collectors to diftrain, by Force, and publickly 
fell the Goods for the fpeedier Payment of it ; for 
which Service Three-pence in the Pound, and all 
other incident Charges were allowed them : And 
this was praSifed, where they had the Power, all 
over England, as well as at London. Twelve - 
pence in thS Pound was alfo ordered to be paid to 
any Perfons who could inform where fuch Goods 
were fecreted or hid. 

We have already taken Notice that feveral Gen- 

tlemen, nominated by the Parliament as Sequeftra- 

tors of Delinquents Eftates, had forborne, for diffe- 

Cbmmons for rent R ea fons, to execute that Office ; and there 

punifliing 'fuch appearing the fame Backwardnefs in executing the 

CommifiionersofOrdinances for raifing Money by Afleflment, the 

rwfofoi Commons f und {t neceffary to make an Order, 
whereby fuch Commiffioners as (hould refufe to 
join, or fign any Warrants, or to meet the reft of 
the Commiffioners, not being detained by Sicknefs, 
or other inevitable Impediments, fhould be reputed 
Perfons ill affected to the Parliament ; and that 
their Names {hould be returned to the Houfe of 
Commons, in order that their Eftates might be 
feized and fequeftred in the fame Manner as thofe 
of Papifts and Delinquents. - But it does not ap- 
pear that the Confent of the Lords was ever afked, 
or given, to this Order. 

May 15. The Parliament's Declaration con- 
cerning the late Treaty was this Day agreed to by 
both Houfes, and ordered to be printed and pub- 
liihed. The King's came out fome Time before. 


Of ENGLAND. 257 

Both thefe, which are too prolix for our Purpofe,An. 19. Car. I. 
may be found in the Collections of thefe Times a . *f 43* ^ 

The Lord General delivered to the Lords divers M 
Copies of Examinations, taken at Briftol, concern- 
ing a Lte Confpiracy there to give up that City to 
the King. This Affair is alfo fully difcufled by Cla- 
rendon, Rujbworth, and other Hiftorians. 

On the gth of this Month there had been a Mef- 
fage fent up from the Commons to the Other Houfe, 
defiring them to nominate and appoint a Com- 
mittee of Lords, to join with a proportionable 
Number of the Commons, to be fent into Scotland^ 
to intreat the Scots to give Aid and Affiftance to this 
Kingdom, according to the Acl of Pacification, 
This Day the faid Requeft was again renewed by 
the Commons, but not yet agreed to by the Other 

At the fame Time a Letter was brought up, ready 
drawn, with an Intent to fend it into Scotland, as a 
Complaint againft fome Scots Lords for affifting the 
King againft the Parliament ; which was agreed to 
by the Lords. This Letter was directed to the 
Privy Council of Scotland, and to the Commiflioners 
for the Prefer vation of the Peace of the Kingdom, 
and was as follows : 

Our very good Lords, 

CT'H E Lnrds and Commons of England, now #/- A Letter of Com* 
fembled in Parliament, in Purfuance of that plaint to thePri* 
Amity and Correfpondency which they deftre Jhould V J Council of 

. t i IT I Scotland againft 

ever continue between the two Nations, have com- the Eari 
mandtd us to remonjlrate unto your Lordjhips, That burgh, 
divers great Officers and Peers of the Realm of 
Scotland, namely, the Earl of Roxburgh, Earl of 
Morton, Earl of Annandale, Earl of Kinnoul, 
Earl of Carnwath, and Earl of Lanerk, have* 
during the Time of their Continuance here, made 
them/elves Incendiaries between the King and his 
People ; and have advifed Afls of Hoftility againft 
the Subjects of this Realm, to their great Harm 
and Wrong ; contrary to the Laws, of the Realm, 
VOL. XII. R and 

a Hufrandi, Fol, Edit, from p, 91 to p, lij. 

258 TTtf Parliamentary HISTORV 

I. and contrary to tie Att of Pacification^ as appears ly 
a Letter under their own Hands , a Copy whereof they 
fend here indofed b . 

They do earneJHy, therefore, deftre your Lordjbips, 
11)at Order may be taken for fpeedy Proceedings to be 
"had again/} them, and agairjl fuch, within the f aid 
Realm of Scotland, that /hall ajjijl, receive, and 
harbour them, or any of them ; that fo they may re- 
ceive fuch Punijhment for their faid Offence, as by 
the faid AR of Pacification is provide a 1 . Herewith 
we take our Leaves^ and reft 

Your Lord (hips 

Weftminfter, May 15, . 

,643. Friends and Servants, 


Speaker of the Houfe of Peers 
pro Tempore. 


Speaker of the Houfe of Commons. 

May 1 6. An Order was made by the Commons, 
dire&ed to all Juftices of Peace, &c. all over Eng- 
land and Wales, to put the Statute, i mo "jacoli, in 
Execution, That no ftrong Beer or Ale {hould be 
fold at above one Penny the Quart ; and, of all 
other Beer, two Quarts for the Penny. 

An Excife was alfo laid on, at this Time, as 
An E*cife hid follows : s. d. 

on Ale, Cyder, p or each Barrel of ftrons; Beer or Ale. of 8*. 

For a Hoglhead of Cyder or Perry, I o 

To be paid by the firft Buyer. The fame 
Tax was laid on the Houfe- keeper, for 
Beer, Ale, Cyder, or Perry, brewed or 
made for his own Spending. 
All Alehoufe- keepers, or Inn-holders, that 1 
brew and fell ftrong Beer and Ale of their V2 O 
own, each Barrel, 3 


b This Letter was intercepted, in the TCorth, by the Lord Talr- 
fax, and by him fen; Co the Paiiiamcat ; But it is not entered in the 

Of ENGLAND. 259 

For all Sorts of retailed Wines, over and ~\ s. d. An. 19. Car. I. 

above the Cuftoms due for the fame, to be 2 

paid by the firft Retailer, a Quart, j 

On all Sorts of Wines bought here, befides ~) 

Cuftoms, to be paid by the firft Buyer, / 

for all he (hall ufe in his own Houfe, for f 

a Quart, 

The fame to be paid by the Merchant for 
all the Wine he fhall ufe in his own Houfe, 
befides the due Cuftoms. 
For a Barrel of fix Shillings Beer fold, to "I 

be fpent, as well in Private as in Victual- I 

ling Houfes, to be paid by the common f o 6 

Brewer, or thofe that brew or fell the I 

fame Beer, 
On all Tobacco, not of Englijh Plantation, 7 

the Pound Value, not Weight, 5^" 

For the Englijh Plantation Tobacco, the ^ 

fame Value; both over and above all >2 O 

other Cuftoms, 3 

The Committee, who brought in thefe Rates, 
were ordered to proceed in railing of Money, by 
laying a Charge on other Commodities c . 

May 18. At a Conference, this Day, the Com- 
mons communicated the following Letter they had 
received out of Buckinghamjhire^ containing an Ac- 
count of divers Murders, Burnings, and Plunder- 
ings, committed by the King's Forces in thatCounty. 
It was directed, For our much-honoured Friend Colo- 
#/Hampden, 0r, in his Abfence, to Colonel Good- 
vvyn, or Bulftrode Whitlocke, Efa 

SIR, Aylefbury, May 16, 1643. 

The King hath fent into thefe Parts abjut 12 or King's Troops. 
R 2 v 1400 

This is the firft Inftance we meet with of an Excife. The Plan, 
which is printed at large in Hujbandi't Colleciiens, p. 267, &c. was 
vigoroufly purfued in the Proteftorfliip of Crcmive//, andeftablifhed by 
Al of Parliament foon after the Reftwation. How far it has fincc 
been extended every Body knows* 

260 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 19. Car. I. 1400 of bis Forces, commanded, as we are v formed^ 
' 4 *^ e ^ ar ^ f Cleveland d w bo * s accompanied with 

the Lord Chandois, Lord Crawford, Sir John By- 
ron, and others of Note ; who, contrary to the known. 
Laws of the Land, pillage and plunder all the Towns 
where they come. They murder our Neighbours that 
make any Defence to preferve their Goods, one Wo- 
man, among the re/?, tig with Child, who could make 
Tio Rejijlance ; they cut in Pieces what Houjhcld Goods 
they cannot carry away ; they fweep clean divers of our 
Pa/lures, leaving no Cattle behind them ; and that 
no Cruelty might be left unexercifed by them, they have> 
ibis Day, fired a Country Pillage, calfd Swanburne, 
in feven Places of the Town, for no other Reafon 
but becaufe they were not willing to be plundered of 
all they had; and guarded the Fire fo carefully, with 
all their Forces aivided into feveral Parts, that no 
Neighbour durjl adventure to come to quench it all the 
while it burned. 

Our Forces in this Garrifon, confi/ling only of Foot, 
faving one Troop of Horfe, were not able to encounter 
with the Enemy, nor relieve our Neighbours thus de- 

iled ; but yet, to interrupt that which to them is a 
t ?rt, we drew out fame Forces in their Sight, as 
far as with Safety we could ; whereby they have not 
afted this Day all the Adi/chief they intended to execute 
tefore Night : But what they have left undone To- day y 
we expecJ, e'er they leave us, they will make up ; for they 
are now fo flrong that they quarter at Buckingham, 
and where they pleafe in thefe Parts, without Refijlance. 

We wijh the Parliament's Army were fo accommoda- 
ted that this County, which hath hitherto been, and yet 
is, mojl ready toferve and obey the Orders of the Hottjes, 
might not be de/iroycd, and made utttrly unable to con- 
tribute unto it, before vje can be relieved by it ; but 
relying upon God's Providence, and the be ft Aleans 
which may be afforded to preferve it, we rejl 

Your loving Friends, 



* Tfonat Wtntviortb, 

Of ENGLAND. 261 

Upon this Letter the Houfe of Commons pafs'dAn. 19. Car. I. 
fome Votes, to which they defired their Lordfhips 
Concurrence, and that the faid Letter might be *~~^~~~* 
fpeedily printed and publiflied. 

I. * That this Houfe {hall invite the feveral Votes of both 
Counties under the Power of the Parliament, at Houfcs ther * 
the Moving of my Lord General, to rife and join"^ 
with his Excellency, with all their Force and 
Strength, in the Maintenance of this Caufe of Re- 
ligion, for the Piefervation of the Proteftant Re- 
ligion, and to prevent the fettin^ up of Popery irt 
England and Ireland; and to redeem themfelvea 
from the Rapines, Cruelties, Spoils, and Murders 
committed upon them by the King's Forces ; and 
that Letters be fent from both Huufes for this Pur- 

The Lords agreed to this Vote. 

Next it was defired by the Houfe of Commons, 
That Mr. Jepbfon might make a Narrative to the 
Lords of fome PafTages that came to his Knowledge 
at Oxford when he was there, -viz. 

That when he was at Oxford he did fee the 
Lord Dillon and the Lord Taaffe near about his 
Majefty, being great Papifts, and keeping Corrref- 
pondency with the Rebels in Ireland j and he cal- 
ling to Mind what Letters he had feen in Munjler? 
in Ireland, written to the Earl of Mujkerry^ a chief 
Rebel, under their Hand-writing, which was to 
this Effect : c To exhort him to encourage the Re- 

* bels there to go on ; and though the King's Af- 

* fairs were now fuch that he could not be feen in 
' it, yet, in the End, he would thank them for 
' it.' Upon this Mr. Jephfon faid, he went to the 
Lord Vifcount Falkland, to acquaint him therewith, 
and told him of this particular Bufmefs, and what 
dangerous Perfons they were to be near the King. 
His Lordfhip faid, He that writ this deferved to 
be bangd ; neverthelefs nothing is yet done to 
remove them from the King's Council ; but the 
Lord Taaffe is fmce fent into Inland about the Af- 
fairs there.' 

, R 3 Tht 

62 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. The Huufe of Commons taking thefe Particulars 
1643. into Confideration, and feeing the fame Spirit here 
>-~-y ^ againft the Proteftant Religion, and the rooting out 
May ' of Proteftants, as is in Ireland, have made another 
Vote, wherein they defire their Lordfhips Concur- 
rence, viz. 

2. ' That Proceedings {hall be had againft all 
Papifts whaifoever, as Traitors, that have been in 
Arms or adtual War againft the Parliament, or have 
furni filed the King with Horfe, Arms, Ammunition, 
or Money, to the Maintenance of this War.' 

The Lords agreed with the Commons in this 
Vote, leaving out the Word whatsoever. 

May 20. Another Conference was held between 
the two Houfes, the Effect of which was, That the 
Commons prefented to the Lords certain Votes they 
had lately paflfed, and left them to their Lordfliips 

Refolutions of ' ' That the Great Seal of England ought, by 
the Commons the Law of the Land, to attend the Parliament, 
relating to the 2 . ' That the Great Seal ot England doth not at- 
CrcatSe . ^ enc | ^ p ar ]; am ent, as, by the Laws of the Land^ 
it ought to do. 

3. ' That, by reafon of this, the Commonwealth 
hath fuffered many grievous Mifchiefs, tending to 
the DeftrucTion of King, Parliament, and King- 

4. * That it is the Duty of both Houfes of Par- 
liament to provide a fpeedy Remedy for thefe Mif- 

5. That a Great Seal of England {hall be 
forthwith made, to attend the Parliament for the 
Difpatch of the Affairs of Parliament and King- 

This laft Vote occafioned a Divifion in the Houfe, 
when the Numbers were 86 for making a new Seal, 
and 74 againft it ; in all 160 Members prefent : 
The moft that have divided on any Queftion for a 
Jong Time. 

The Commons alfo added fome Reafons, upon 
fyhich thefe Votes were grounded j which are not 


Of ENGLAND. 263 

__.._. 'd. The Lords def. 
Matters till another Day. 

vxy a-/ a. ^ ^-P JL~/ JL *. j. * ju-^ ^ v^ < 

cnter'd. The Lords deferred debating on all thefeAn. 19. Cat. I, 

n .Ml .1 f~v 1643* 


. 22. A Meflage from the King was this Day 
read in the Houfe of Lords. It was diieded to their 
Speaker, and was as follows ; 


' O I N C E his Majefty's Meflage of the 1 2th ofThe King re- 

* O Jpril, in which he conceived he had madej n ui h ^ e o r f 

* fuch an Overture for the immediate di{banding t h eiz thof>f!pn7. 
' of all Armies, and Compofure of thefe prefent 

* miferable Diftra&ions, by a full and free Con- 

* vention in Parliament, that a perfect and fettled 

* Peace would have enfued, he hath, in all this 
4 Time, (above a full Month) procured no Anfwer 
' from both Houfes ; his Majefty might well believe 

* himfelf abfolved, before God and Man, from the 

* leaft poflible Charge of not having ufed his utmoft 
' Endeavours for Peace ; yet when he confiders 
< that the Scene of all the Calamity is in the Bowels 
' of his own Kingdoms j that all the Blood 

* which is fpilt is of his own Subjects ; and what 

* Victory foever it {hall pleafe God to give him, it 
' muft be over thofe who ought not to have lifted 

* up their Hands againft him : When he confiders 
' thefe defperate civil Difientions may encourage 

* and invite a foreign Enemy to make a Prey of the 
' whole Nation ; that Ireland is in prefent Dan- 
' ger of being totally loft ; that the heavy Judg- 

* ment of God's Plague, Peftilence, and Famine, 
6 will be inevitable Attendants of this unnatural 

* Contention ; and that, in a fliort Time, there 
' will be fo general a Habit of Uncharitablenefs 
' and Cruelty contracted throughout the Kingdom, 
' that even Peace itfelf will not reftore his People 

* to their old Temper and Security : His Majefty 

* cannot but again call for an Anfwer to that his 
c Meflage, which gives fo fair a Rife to end thefe 
' unnatural Diftra&ions. And his Majefty doth 
' this with ths moft Earneftnefs, becaufe he doubts 

* not 

264 The Parliamentary HISTORY" 

An. 19. Car. I.* not but the Condition of his Armies in feveral 
Parts ; his Strength of Horfe, Foot, and Artil- 

* leiy ; his Plenty of Ammunition (which fome 
Men lately conceived he might have wanted) is Ib 
well known and underftood ; that it muft be 

* confefled, that nothing but the Tendernefs and 
Love to his People, and thole Chriftian Impref- 

* fions which always have dwelt, and-, he hopes, 
s always fhall dwell, in his Heart, could move him, 

* once more, to hazard a Refufal : And he requires 

< them, as they will anfwer to God, to himfelf, 
and all the World, that they will no longer fuf- 

< fer their Fellow- Subjects to welter in each other's 

< Blood j that they will remember by whofe Autho- 

< rity, and to what End they met in that Council; 

* and fend fuch an Anfwer to his Majefty, as may 

* open a Door to let in a firm Peace and Security to 

* the whole Kingdom. 

' If his Majefty (hall again be difappointed of 

* his Intention' herein, the Blood, Rapine, and Di- 

* ftra&ions which muft follow in England and Ire- 

* land will be caft upon the Account of thofe who 
are deal to the Motion of Peace and Accommoda- 

Ordered, That this Meflage (hould be commu- 
nicated to the Houfe of Commons ; and fome Lords 
being appointed to draw up what was fit to be de- 
livered to them befides, at this Conference, as the 
Senfe of this Houfe about it, they foon after brought 
in the following : 

' That the Lords conceive it neceffary to fend 
the Reafom to the King, why the two Houfes of 
Parliament could not agree to the Propofitions of- 
fered in his Majefty 's Meflage of the I2th of 
Afnl laft. To exprefs, in that Anfwer to be 
made to his Majtfty, That their Endeavours had 
been, and ever ihall be, to put an End to thefe 
unhappy Differences ; fo as their Religion, Laws, 
and Liberties might be fecured. To defire the 
Commons to appoint a Committee to meet one 


Of E N G L A N D. 265 

from the Houfe of Lords, to confider of this whole An, 19. Car. I. 
Meflage, and to prepare fuch an Anfwer as they 
think fit to offer to the two Houfes/ * 7/ 


The Archbifhop of Canterbury having now lain a 
very long Time in the Tower, and no Procefs, as yet, 
brought againft him by the Commons, his Accufers, 
tho' often urged to it by the Lords, an humble Pe- 
tition was, this Day, (May 23) prefented to that 
Houfe, from this fallen Prelate, in thefe Words : 

of Canterbury, 


CT HAT he hath neither Lands t Leafe, nor Money JAbp.LWsPe- 
-* that the fmall Store of Plate he had is long Jincetovm for Relief, 
melted down for his neceflary Support and Expences y 
caufed by his prefent Troubles : That his Rents and 
Profits are fequejlered^ and now all his Goods taken 
from him, and no Maintenance at all allowed him ; 

injomuch that, if fame Friends of his had not had 
CompaJJion on his Wants , and fent him fame little 
Supply , he had not been able to (ubjift till this pre- 

fent ; and now this Supply is at the laft, 

He humbly prays that your Lord/hips would take 
his fad Condition into your Confederations , that fame- 
'what may be allowed him out of his Eftate to fuppfy 
the NeceJJities of Life ; ajfuring himfelf that your 
Lordflnps will not, in Honour and Jujlice y fujfer him 
either to beg or ft awe. 

And your Petitioner, &c. 

The Lords feem to have been touched with 
Compaffion on the hearing of this Petition, and 
immediately refolved to allow the Archbifhop fome 
Maintenance, out of Charity, to fupply his Ne- 
cefHties ; and further ordered, That the Petition 
fhould be recommended from that Houfe to the 
Commons. The Commons returned for Anfwer, 
That they would fend one by Meflengers of their 


266 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I, own j but we hear no more of it from that Quar- 
1643- ter. 

***' A Meffage being fent up from the Lower Houfe, 

to defire the Lords to fit a while, for they had a 
Matter of great Importance to communicate to 
them : Soon after came up Mr. Pymme to acquaint 
their Lordfhips, that the Commons had difcharged 
their Confciences by the following Vote which they 
had pafled : 

The Commons ' That tne Queen had levied War againft the 
accufe the Queen Parliament and Kingdom; and, having difcharged 
f High Treafcn. their Confciences, they think it fit to difcharge 
their Duty too ; and faid, He was commanded by 
the Houfe of Commons afiembled in Parliament, 
in the Name of themfelves, and of all the Commons 
of England^ to accufe and impeach, and he did 
accordingly now accufe and impeach, Henrietta 
Maria, Queen of England, of High Treafon. And 
they defired their Lordfhips to iflue forth Proclama- 
tions to fummon her to appear before them, and 
receive a Tiial and due Sentence for the fame.' It 
is obfervable that thefe Votes were carried in the 
Houfe of Commons Nem. Ccn. The Queen had 
juft before met the King at Edge-Hill, with a Rein- 
forcement of 3000 Foot, 30 Troops of Horfe and 
Dragoons, and fix Pieces of Cannon, befides great 
Store of other Warlike Ammunition, which made 
the Houfe of Commons fo exafperated againft her. 
All that is entered in the Lords "Journals, on this 
extraordinary Impeachment, is, This to be confidered 
ef\ but we hear no more of it for fome Time. 
There is a remarkable Letter of this Queen's, 
publifhed in Duke Hamilton's Memoirs, wherein fhe 
mentions this Impeachment in thefe Words : After 

f'ving the Duke an Account of the good State the 
ing's Army was then in, fhe adds, You will give a 
Share of thefe News to all our Friends, if any dare 
own themfelves fucb after the Houfe of Commons 
have declared me Traitor , and carried up their Charge 
tgain/i me to the Lords. Ikis^ / cjjure yott y is true ; 


Of E N G L A N D. 267 

lut I know not yet what the Haufe of Lords have dune An. 19. Car. I. 
upon it. God forgive them for their Rebellion, as, I 1643- 
ajfure you, I forgive them from my Heart for what * T V " ? "" 1<J 
they do again/i me. ajr * 

May 27. The Committee for the Excife brought 
into the Houfe of Commons a Charge of one 
Penny in the Pound on all Manner of Currants 
imported ; upon Raifins of the Sun, one Halfpen- 
ny ; Malaga Raifins, and all Figs imported, one 
Farthing ; to be paid by the firft Buyer, over and 
above all other Duties and Cuftoms. Next an Ex- ^ n jr xc ;f e \^ 
cife was laid on all the different Sorts of Sugars, upon Currants, 
imported and refined here; likewife fo much a R^ns, Sugars, 
Yard on all imported Silks, Sattins, ferV. fcfV. by 5 ' - 
Name, a long Lift of which is entered in the Com- 
mons Journals ; by which may be feen that they 
did not even then want a Tafte for foreigp Fine- 

This Day the Lords entered into a long Debate, The Lords a 
concerning the Votes lately brought up from the only tofomeof 
Houfe of Commons, about making a new Great the Commons* 
Seal : And, the firft Vote being debated, thefe 
Queftions were put, Whether the ufe of the Great 
Seal of England ought to be applied to the Com- 
mands of the Parliament, by the Laws of the Land ? 
It patted in the Affirmative. The next, Whe- 
ther the Great Seal ought to attend the Commands 
of the Parliament, according to Law I Refolved 

The fecond Vote, That the Great Seal doth 
not atttrnd the Parliament, as, by the Laws of 
the Land, it ought to do,' being read, the Lords 
refolved to have a Conference, to be informed by 
the Commons wherein the Great Seal hath not 
been applied to the Commands of the Parlia- 
ment. They likewife refolved to defer giving 
any Refolution as to the third Vote till the fe- 
Cond was cleared. 

The Houfe then proceeded to the fourth Vote, 
* That it is the Duty of both Houfes of Parliament 


268 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

19. Car. I. to provide a fpeedy Remedy for thefe Mifchiefs ;* 
and, after Debate hereof, the Lords came to this 
Refolution, fomewhat different from the other, That 
it is the Duty of both Houfes of Parliament to ufe 
their beft Endeavours to provide a fitting and fpeedy 

The fifth Vote, That a Great Seal of England 
ihall be forthwith made to attend the Parliament, 
for Difpatch of the Affairs of Parliament and King- 
dom,' was put to the Queftion, and patted in the 

f To palliate thefe Refolutions to the Commons, 

the Lords appointed a confiderable Committee to 
confider what was fit to be delivered to them, on this 
Subject, at the enfuing Conference. 

The fame Day another Conference was held be- 
tween the two Houfes ; in which the Commons 
communicated to the Lords fome Letters which 
they had received from their General in the North, 
the Lord Fairfax, and other Officers, concerning the 
taking of Wakefield^ &c. and that they had voted a 
public Thankfgiving for the fame; which the Lords 
agreed to. Thefe Letters, which were addrefled to 
the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, were ordered 
to be printed and published e . 



A Letter from TTP O N the 6tb of this Month I writ to you by * 
the Lord Fairfax^ fpecial MeJJenger^ which I hope is come to your 
iShttSgH^- Prejntly after the Difpatch of that Letter 
f fTakejeU, the News was brought me, that the Earl cf Nevv- 


e From the original Edition, published by Edivard Hujtandt, 
May 17, 1643. In the Title Page it is call'd A miraculous ViSory 
obtained by the Right Honourable Ferdinando Lord Fairfax, agdinjitbe 
Ar^J "ider the Command of the Earl of Newcaftk, at W.ikefidd ; and 
has the following remarkable Inti eduction : 

Whereas it has too often been feen. that, in a great Appearance 
of outward Means, we are over confident j and that, in the 

Smallnefs or Diminution of the fame, we are too low and 
diftrufttul ; fo walking by Sight, and not by Faith j The Divine 

Goodnefc and Wifdczn, to wean us from this Corruption^ and ta 


Of E N G L A N D. 269 

Caftle had poj/ejjed himfelf both of Rotherham and An. 19. Car. I. 
Sheffield : The Forces in Rotherham held out two ^43* 
Days Siege, and yielded up the Town upon Treaty ; T y M 
wherein it was agreed, that the Town Jhould not be 
plundered, and that all the Gentlemen, Commanders^ 
and Soldiers, (fix only excepted, that were fpecially 
named) leaving their Arms, Jhould have free Liberty 
to go whither they pleafed : But, when the Enemy 
entered, they not only, contrary to their Articles^ 
plundered the Town, but have alfo made all the Com" 
manders and Soldiers Prifoners, and do endeavour 
to conjlrain them to take up Arms on their Party. 


f teach us the contrary Leflbn, to walk by Faith and not by Sight, 
f hath often wrought and given great Victories, by little Means, and 
' unexpected Ways. 

' A notable Pattern and Proof whereof is now feen in the Viftory 

* given at Wakejield' t wherein God gave a happy Succefs upon great 

* Difadvantage and Inequality, a far lefTcr Number, even lefs by 
' half, overcoming a greater in a fortified Town, and the Perfons 
' taken far exceeding in Number thofe that took them ; and all this 
' not with the Lofs often Perfons. As this calls for the Eye of Faith, 
' fpiritually to difcern the great Power and Goodnefs of God, which 
' gives the Advantage of Victory on the Side of the Difadvantage in 
' outward Force ; fo it calls upon us to maintain and continue a Courfe 
' of Faith for the Time to come j and, by continually looking up to 
' God, and Dependence on him, to expeft from his Goodnefs and 
' Bounty the like Bleffing in other Times of Inequality and Difadvan- 
' tage. And as this ought to confirm our Expectations for the future, 
' fo, both now and hereafter, when God's Strength doth fo vifibly ap- 
' pear in our Weaknefs, we ought to give the whole Glory and 
' Praife to his Strength, and none to our own Weaknefs. 

Thankfulnefs for Blefiings paft being an Invitation of Blefiings 
' to come j and God not failing to fupply that, which he knows 

* will certainly turn to his own Glory. Neither ought our Thankf- 

* giving only to bound itfelf in Words, or in fhort Thoughts and 
Intentions j but it mould efpecially be exprefled in a hearty and real 
' Converfion and Conformity of Soul and Life to him, whofe Will 

* oueht to be the Rule of our Life, and whofe Service is the End of 
' our Being. 

Let it alfo be further obferved, That both this and other Viflo- 

* ries have been given on that Day, which hath been fo much op- 
' pofcd by difiblute and Popiih Perfons, even to a Confutation of it 
by fet Difcourfes and practical Profanations. 

And having given all the Glory to God, it is next juft and com- 
mendable to take Notice of thofe whom God hath vouchfafed fo 
ufe in his Service, as to encourage them in God's Work, and 
' that Caufe which God doth maintain by his own mighty and out- 
ftretched Arm, thus made good in this extroidinary botii Deliver- 
ance and Victory,' 

270 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 19. Car. I The Commanders at Sheffield bearing of the Lofs df 
Rotherham, and feeing fame of the Enemy's Forces 
advanced in View of the Town, they all prejently 
defer ted the Place., as not tenable with fo few againjl 
fo potent an Army ; and fled away with their Arms, 
feme to Chefterfield, and fome to Manchefter. 

The Loft of thtfe two Places hath much elated the 
Enemy, and caft down the Spirits of the People in 
thefe Parts, who daily fee the Enemy increafe m 
Power, and to gain Ground ; and no Succours come 
to them from any Part : The Earl of Newcaftle'j 
Army do now range over all the South-Weft Part of 
this County, f [pillaging and cruelly ufing the well- 
affe&ed Party] and the lajl Week there was a Gar- 
rifon of Horje and Foot laid at Knarefbrough, 
where they begin to fortify the Town, [and pillage 
and utterly ruin all the religious People in thole 
Parts, and round about them.] 

On Friday Se'nnight laft three Troops and fome 
ether Forces, if which many were French, came 
from that Gar rifon and pillaged Otley, [and there 
barbaroufly ufed fome honeft \Vomen of that Town] 
and, in their Retreat to Knare{brough, upon the 
Fore ft they took a Man and a Woman ; the Man 
they wounded and beat cruelly, and before his Face 
ravi/hed the Woman. 

Thefe Particulars I repeat, that you may the more 
clearly difccrn the Mifcries winch this Country groans 
under ; and here, about Leeds, Bradford, and Ha- 
lifax, being a mountainous barren Country, the People 
now begin to be fenfible of Want ; their lajl Tear's 
Proviftons being fpent, and the Enemy's Garrifons 
flopping all Provijions both of Corn and Flejh, and 
ether NeceJJaries that were wont to come from the 
more fruitful Countries to them ; their Trade ut- 
terly taken away, their Poor grow innumerable, and 
great Scarcity of Means to relieve them. And this 
Army, which now lies amongjl them to defend them 


f This and the following Letter are printed in Rujbtuortb ; but 
the Introduction before given, and the PalTages between Cro'chets 
are emitted ; as is Jikewife the Pollfcript in Mr. Stetkdeli's Letter, 
relating to the King's Commiflion for plundering, 

Of E N G L A N D. 271 

from the Enemy, cannot defend them from Want, 
which caufeth much Murmur and Lamentation among ft 
the People. And for the Army iifelf, it is fo far in 
Arrear, and no &av appearing how they Jhall either 
be fitpplied with Money or Succours, as they grow 
very mutinous. 

Yet, upon Saturday la ft, in the Night, 1 caufed 
to be drawn out of the Garrifons in Leeds, Brad- 
ford, Halifax, and Howley, fome Horfe, Foot, and 
Dragooners t in alt about 1500 Men, and fent them 
again/I Wakefield, commanded by my Son, and af- 
fifted by Major-General Giffbrd, Sir Henry Fowlis, 
and Sir William Fairfax, with divers other Com- 
manders : They appeared before Wakefield about 
Four o'clock on Sunday in the Morning, where they 
found the Enerr.y, who had Intelligence of their De- 
Jign, ready to receive them ; there was in the Town 
General Goring, Serjeant -Major -General Mack- 
worth, the Lord Goring, with many other princi- 
pal Commanders and eminent Perfons, about feven 
Troops of Horfe, and fix Regiments containing 3000 
Foot j the Town well fortified with Works, and 
four Pieces of Ordnance ; yet our Men, both Com- 
manders and common Soldiers, went on with un- 
daunted Courage j and, notwithstanding the thick 
Follies of fmall and great Shot from the Enemies* 
charged up to their Works, which they entered^ 
feized upon their Ordnance, and turned them upon 
themfehes j and purfued the Enemy fo clofe as they 
beat quite out of the Town the mo ft Part of the 
Horfe, and a great Number of the Foot, and made 
all the rejl Prisoners ; with them they took four 
Pieces of Ordnance, and all the Ammunition then in 
the Town, and a great Number of Arms ; and* 
among/I the Prifoners, General Goring himfelf, with 
divers other Commanders and other common Soldiers, 
in all about 1500 Men, 27 Colours of Foot, and 
three Cornets of Horfe ; of which I fend a more par- 
ticular Account inclofed. The more exatt and parti- 
cular Relation of this Service, as it is tejlified to me 
under the Hands of the principal Commanders em- 

272 The Parliamentary HISTORY- 

An. 19. Car. I. ployed in that Defjgn, I fend you inclofed for you? 
1643 better Information ; and truly, for my Part, I d 
d --v^"J rather account it a Miracle than a Victory ; and the 
^' Glory and P^aife be afcribed to God that wrought 
it ; in which, I hope, 1 derogate nothing from the 
Merits of the Commanders and Soldiers, who every 
Man, in his Place and Duty, Jhewed as much Cou- 
rage and Refolution as could be expefted from Men. 
When the Town was thus taken, they found their 
Number and Strength too weak to keep it and their 
Prisoners, fo left the Place and marched away with 
their Booty. 

In taking the Town we loft no Man of Note, and 
only feven Men in all ; of which one was the Clerk of 
the Stores, an Enfign of Foot, and one Quarter- majler 
tf Horfe, the reft common Soldiers ; but many of our 
Men were Jhot and wounded. This Overthrow hath 
much enraged the Enemy, who threaten a prefer.t Re- 
venge, and are drawing all their Forces this Way to 
tffett it. 

I perceive there are Succours fent to Lincolnfhire 
and other adjacent Counties, which, if they were 
here, might be employed to as much advantage for 
the Public Safety, as in any Place. I defire our 
Condition may be ferioujly thought on by the Houfe, 
and the Aids, often prcmifed, may prefently march 
away to us j and that Col. Cromwell, with his Horfe 
and Foot, may alfo be ordered to march to me ; 
that, being joined together, I may be able to draw 
this Army into the Field, and gain frejh Quarters 
for the Soldiers, and furni/h ourfelves with Powder 9 
jirms, and Ammunition ; which is now grown very 
fcarce^ and cannct be fupplied until/ the Pajfage 
to Hull be forced open, which now is pojfejjed by 
the Enemy. If fuch Succours come not timely to 
us, we cannot long fubjijl, but muft be forced to 
accept of dijhonourable Conditions ; which, befides the 
Lofs and Ruin of this Country, will be a great Difad- 
vantage to the general Safety ; and, withall, fame 
Courfe muft be thought on to furnifn fame large Propor- 
tion of Money to defray the Soldiers Arrears^ which 1 

Of E N G L A N D. 273 

lefeech you to endeavour for them and me, who An, 19. Car. 1, 
am t l643> . 

Your moft affectionate M7 

Leeds, May 23, 

1643- Friend and Servant, 


P. S. 1 fend you a Letter inclofed from the Lord 
Goring to his Son, General Goring, found in his 
Chamber at Wakefield, which will let the Houfe 
fee the Enemies great Dejire to have this Army ruin- 
ed, that they mighty with their whole Force, march 



Saw what you wrote to H. Jermin, and find 
that the Bufmefs will be put on that Way : 
But I am of Opinion that your General will never 
' confent to it, the latter Way of dividing his 
' Force, unlefs it be in the Country where he will 

* abide himfelf ; this will be tried To-morrow, at 
' his Return hither, where the Queen expects him. 
4 In the Interim, if it were poflible to give the 
' Enemy any fuch Knock, or confiderable Difturb- 

* ance to the Country round about them, which 
' hath not yet felt the Mifery of their Neighbours, 
' I would not doubt the Treaty might be refumed 

* again ; by which Means, and by no other, your 

* Army may be fet at Liberty to change your 

* Stations, and do fomething that may be of Con- 

* fequence indeed. I pray you think ferioufly 

* hereof, and once in your Life follow the Advice 

Tour left Friend, 

Jtpil 17, 1643. a nd dearly loving Father, 


' After I had fealed my Letter I was advifed to 

* advertife you, that the Lord Fairfax never be- 

VOL. XII. S * lievcd 

274 We Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car, I.< lieved you would look into the Parts where novr 

1643. . < y ou arC) b ut intended to draw back to the Place 

Vjv -^ < f rom whence you came, which made him fo lofty 

ay * ' in his Conditions ; wherefore, if you can (as my 

Authors propofe) get between Bradford and Leeds, 

* you will fo annoy, divert, and feparate them in 

* all their Defigns, as you may be furc to carry 
' Halifax and Bradford on that Hand, or Leeds on 

* the other. Take this to Heart, and let General 

* King, with my humble Service, know thus much, 
' not as new to him and the reft of you, but as that 

* which all the wifeft and moft knowing Men in 
' the Country advife and hope ; this will fo hare 
' them, and fatisfy this Country, and will give fuch 
' other Advantages as will render you happy and 
' glorious too ; whereas, on the contrary, all will 
' fall flat, both in Power and Reputation, paft Ex- 

* preflion ; her Majefty will be either unprovided of 
' fuch a Convoy from thence as is fit for her and 

* the King's prefent Occafions, or clfe leave this 

* Country naked to the Tyranny of the mercilefs 
' Enemy, contrary to Contract and all due Juftice. 

* This is the Opinion of others far better able to ad- 

* vile than he that fo heartily prays for you, and is 

York, Jprii 17, Yours* 



P. S. Cudgel them to a Treaty, and then let 
' us alone for the reft.' 

A LETTER from Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX and other 


f\ N Saturday Nighty the 2.0th of May, the Lord- 
^^ General gave Order for a Party of IOOO Foot, 
three Companies of Dragooners, and eight Troops of 
Horfe, to match from the Garrifons of Leeds, Brad- 
ford, Halifax, and Howley. Sir Thomas Fairfax 
commanded in Chief ; the Foot were commanded by 
Serjeant- Afujor-General Gifford and Sir William 
Fairfax; the Horfe were divided into tivo Bodies, 
four Troops commanded ly Sir Thomas Fairfax, and 

: . . : the 

Of E N G L A N D. 275 

the other four Troops by Sir Henry Foulis. Howley Aa - T 9 Par. I. 
was the Rendezvous, where they all met on Saturday if 4 !* 
loft, about Twelve o'clock at Night ; about Two next Tj~ - 
Morning they marched away, and coming to Stanley, 
where two of the Enemy's Troops lay with fame Dra- 
gooners, that Quarter wss beaten up, and about 
twenty-one- Prisoners taken. About Four o'clock in 
the Morning we came before Wakefield ; where^ 
after fame of their Horfe were beaten into the Town 9 
the Foot) with vnfpeakable Courage, beat the Enemies 
from the Hedges, which they had lined with Mufque- 
tetrs, into the Town, and ajfaulted it in two Places^ 
Wrengate and Northgate. After an Hour and a 
Half's Fight we recovered one of their Pieces, and 
turned it upon them, and entered the Town at both 
Places, at one and the Jame Time : When the Barri- 
cadoes were opened, Sir Thomas Fairfax, with the 
Horfe, fell into the Town, and cleared the Street ; 
where Col. Goring was taken by Lieutenant Alured, 
Brother to Capt. Alured, a Member of the Houfe ; 
yet in the Market-Place there flood three Troops of 
Horfe, and Col. Lambton'j Regiment, to whom Ma- 
jor-General Gifford fent a Trumpet with Offer of 
Quarter, if they would lay down their Arms ; they 
anfwered, They fcorned the Motion j then he fired 
a Piece of their own Ordnance upon them, and the 
Horfe fell in upon them, beat them out of the Town y 
and took alt thefe Officers hereafter-mentioned, alfo 
twenty feven Colours of Foot, three Cornets of Horfe , 
and about 1500 common Soldiers. The Enemy had in 
Wakefield 3000 Foot, and feven Troops cf Horfe, 
be/ides Col Lambton'j Regiment, which came into the 
Town after we had entered it. The Enemy left be- 
innd them four Piece: of Ordnance, with Ammuni- 
tion, which we brought away ; and made the follow- 
ing Commanders Prifoners, viz. General Goring ; 
Sir Thomas Bland, Lieutenant-Colonel to Sir George 
\Ventworth ; Lieutenant-Colonels Saint George and 
Macmoyler ; Serjeant- Major Carr ; Captains, Carr, 
Knight, Wildbore, Rudfton, Pemberton, Croft, 
Legard, Lafliley, Kayley, and Nuttall ; Captain- 
Lietctenant Benfon j Serjeant- Major Carnabie, and 
S 2 Capt, 

276 ^ke Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19, Car. l.Capt. Nuttall left wounded in Wakefield, upon their 

^643^ Engagements to be truePrifoners ; Lieutenant s,Monclp- 

June. ton Thomas, Wheatley, Kent, and Nicholfon ; 

JLnfignS) Squire, Vavafor, Mafkew, Lambton, 

Ducket, Stockeld, Baldwinfon, Davis, Carr, Gib- 

fon, Smathweight, Ballinfon, Watfon, Spielt, and. 

Haliburtonj Cornet Wyv'M. 





Annexed to the foregoing Letter we find Part of 
a Poftfcript wrote by another Hand. 

/ had forgotten, in the Letter to the Speaker , to 
mention the new CommiJ/ions granted by the King ; 
wherein his Majcjly, according to the known Laws 
ef the Land (as all Things are faid to be done) gives 
Liberty to the Parties to whom the CommiJJions are 
dire ft ed^ to plunder and take Men's Eftates, fo as 
they account for the Moiety of the Profit to his Maje- 
Jij : Thi* is confej/ed by the Captains now Prifoners 

Your Servant, 

From Leeds, May 23, 


// is now about three IVeeks Jince we had any 
Letter from you, or any Advertifement from the 

An Order rela- 7 une 2> ^ n a Motion in the Houfe of Com- 

ting to the Re- mons, That the Dean, Sub-Dean, and Preben- 

galia in ir e ft- tj ar j es o f IVeJlminfter Abbey, {hould be required 

y< to deliver up the Keys of the Treafury there, 

where the Regalia were kept, that the Place 

might be fearched, and a Report of it made to the 

Houfe, the Queftion was put, Whether, upon 

Refufal of the Keys, the Door of that Place fhould 

be broke open? It patted in the Negative, 58 


Of E N G L A N D. 277 

againft 37 : But, the next Day, the fame Queftion An, 19. Car. t. 
being again put, with the Addition of an Inventory l6 43 
of the Things there to be taken, new Locks put ^^^"^ 
on the Doors, and nothing removed till upon fur- '' unc * 
ther Order of the Houle, it was carried by fo fmall 
a Majority as 42 againft 41, for breaking open 
the Doors. 

The important Town of Newcaftle upon Tyne Another for re- 
had been, for fome Time paft, in the Hands rf*wn 
the King's Forces ; by which the City of London'"^'* 
was much ftraitened for Coals, the Works and 
Mines for digging this ufeful Commodity being all 
engrofled by the Royalifts, as well as the feveral 
Ports from which it was {hipped off and conveyed 
to London. To remedy this great Inconvenience 
to the City, after many Confultations and Confe- 
rences, a Scheme was publifhed, put on the FOP*- 
ing of the Adventurers for Ireland; by v^'ch 
Means thofe Northern Parts of England w^ e to be 
as much a conquered Country as the J ^ er > an ^ 
the Lands and Eftatesof many great rami ^ es foared 
out amongft thofe who would v^ure to advance 
Money for this Expedition. - in Ordinance to that 
Purpofe was paffed by )oth Houfes, about this 
Time, and ordered to- e printed and publifhed. 

J une 5 . A TTStition from the Univerfity of Cam- 
bridge wa^ 1 " 6 ^ 11 ^ to tne Lords : That of Oxford 
v -as, ?* this Time, protected from the Parliament's 
Refentment, by the King's Refidence there with 
his Army ; but what her Sifter fufFered is beft ex- 
preiTed in her own Words : 

To the Right Honourable the LORDS and COM- 
MONS now aflembled in the High Court of Par- 

The HUMBLE P E T i T i o N of the Univerfity of 


TTUmbly prefentetb to your Honourable Confidera- Petition from 
tion the fad dejeffed State of the Univerfity ; the Y ni T er % ' 
how our Schook dally grow deflate, mourning the Cambnd ^ 
S 3 Al- 

278 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aa. 19. Car. \.Abfence of their Profe/ors, and their wonted Audi" 
^J '". tories ; how, in our Colleges , 0>- Numbers grow thin 
' Juae. an ^ our RfVfnues Jhort ; and what Subfiftence we 
have abroad is, for the moji Part, involved in the 
common Afiferies ; how, frighted by the neigbtntring 
Noife of War, our Students either qrtit their Gowns 
or abandon their Studies ; how our Degrees lie dif- 
efteemed, and all Hopes of our public Commencements 
are blafted in the Bud ; *befides fundry other Incon- 
veniences which we forbear to mention. 

We cannot but conceive ymr Honourable Piety 
(out of a noble Zeal for Learning) will duly pity 
cur fad Condition ; and, as the prefent general Ca- 
lamities give Way, afford us fame Succour and En- 

Tour Jt'ifdoms beft kriow what Privileges and 
Immunities have been^ in all good Times , afforded 
to it> e Seats of Learning and Profe/ors of it ; and, 
even ih the Fury and Heat of War, Places of Re- 
ligion an&. Devotion have ufually not only, on both 
Sides, been fared from Ruin, but fttpported and 
ejieemed as Safit**jfo t Hence it is that the Mem- 
bers of our Univerjt*. ^ y Charter confirmed by Aft 
of Parliament) are ex?.. rs/y f re , d f rom aii Prepa- 
rations and Contributions >. j Var . fjenie it /,. 
that,- in neighbouring Territory where ihe Exc y e 
is mojl in Ufe, the Umverfity, with uv t ^ r Students, 
are exempt. 

May it therefore not be difpleafing to yt,* r p,' aus 
Wtfdoms, if, in all Humility, we crave at yaur ILjndi 
a tender Conjideration of our Cafe j that you wiTt be 
pleafed to exempt our poor EJJates from all fuch 
Hates and Impofitions ; to vouchfafe fuch Freedom ta 
our Perfons, not giving jujl Offence, as may enabU 
us the better to keep together, and daily to offer up 
cur joint Prayers to God for a blejjed Union betwixt 
cur gracious Sovereign and you t and the BleJJing of 
Ptace upon the Land. 

After this Petition the Ordinance of the Lords 
and Commons, formerly made, was read, for the 
calling an Affembly of learned and godly Divines, 


Of E N G L A N D. 279 

to be confulted with by Parliament, for the fet An. 19. Car. I. 
tling the Government and Liturgy of the Church l6 43- 
of England ; and vindicating and clearing the Doc- ^ \<~ -J. 
trine of the faid Church from falfe Afperfions and ' une ' 
Interpretations. This Ordinance was referred to 
the Confideration of thirteen Lords, appointed as 
a Committeee, to report the fame to the Houfe. 
This Afiembly of Divines foon after met, to the Meeting of the 
Number of fixty-nine, in Henry Vllth's Chapel, Afombly of Di- 
in the Abbey of Wejlminjler, where a Sermon waej^"*"^""' 
preached, before them and the two Houfes of Par- 
liament, by Dr. Twift, their Prolocutor ; and, a 
Day or two after, a public Faft was kept by them*. 
What they did, when met together, will appear in 
the Sequel. 

June 8. The Houfe of Commons had been very A Plot againft 
bufy, feme Days, in tracing out a Plot againft the the parliauient S 
Parliament, and fecuring the Authors and Contri- 
vers of it. The Names of thefe Confpirators were, 
Mr. Waller^ a Member of the Houfe of Commons, 
and one of their late Commilfioners 'at Oxford? 
Mr. lomkins^ Mr. Cbaloner, and others, whofe 
Defign, being amply related by Lord Clarendon^ 
'Rujhworth, and other Hiftorians, we fhall confine 
our Account of it to what the Journals and the 
Pamphlets of thefe Times afford us. It appears from 
the former that 

This Day, at a Conference, the Houfe of Com- 
mons produced the Examinations they had taken 
concerning this Plot, to prove the Particulars of it, 
and alfo made fome Obfervations thereupon. They 
then prefented to the Lords the Form of an Oath, 
or Covenant, which the Members of their Houfe, 
for the moft Part, had already taken, except a few JWll j ch g; ves Rjr e 
who defired fome Days to confider of it ; and this to a new Oath, 
they requested the Houfe of Lords to take alfo. orCovenant ' 
They further brought up an Oath, or Covenant, to 
be taken by the whole Kingdom, for Difcovery of 
fuch Defigns as thefe, and to exprefs a Deteftation 


a The Ordinance for calling this Aflemblv is at Length in Rnjbwortb t 
Vol. V. p, 337, and in Hufoands'sCel/eflicns, p. 208, whereby it ag. 
pears that a vaft Number more were named than met at this Time. 

280 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Jin. 19. Car. l. f all of the like Nature. Laftly, they faid it was 
to diftinguifh the good and the well-affeded Party 
from the bad, and unite the former fafter together 
amongft themfelves. 

This Affair, Whitlocke tells us, was long debated 
in the Houfe of Commons ; but was, at laft, car- 
ried, and thofe Members looked upon as difaffe&ed 
who were any way backward in taking of it. And, 
after another long Debate, it was ordered to be ta- 
ken by all Perfons, in City and Country j and thofe 
who refufed it had the Mark of Malignancy fixed 
upon them. 

Next the Commons offered fome Votes, which 
had patted their Houfe to the Lords, for their Con- 
currence ; as, 

1. 'That a particular fliort Day may be appointed, 
wherein both Lords and Commons, with the Cities 
of London and IVeftminjler ', &c. may meet and give 
public Thanks to God for this Difcovery and great 
Deliverance.' Agreed; and the i3th Inftant ap- 
pointed for the Parliament and City, and that Day 
Month for the whole Kingdom. 

2. * That a free Pardon {hall be granted for all 
fuch Perfons that have been in this Plot, and are 
not yet taken, nor have fled, as mall come in volun- 
tarily before the I5th of this Month, and difcover 
their whole Knowledge of this Defign, and {hall 
heartily join with the Parliament in Defence of the 

3. * That it be recommended to the City to have 
a itrider Guard kept till this Bufmefs be fettled ; 
and that fome better Courfe may be taken for fecu- 
ring the Priloners, and keeping them in clofe Cu- 

4. That Letters be fent to the Earl of War- 
wick, to inform him of this. Plot ; and that the faid 
Oath may be taken by all the Officers and Mariners 
through the whole Fleet. 

The Lords agreed to every one of thefe Votes, 
without any Alteration. 


O/ ENGLAND. 281 

The Commons alfo thought fit to fend a Deputa- An. 19. Car. I. 
tion of their Houfe into the City, as this Day, to t '_ 6 4* M 
make the fame Narrative to them as was made to j u n e . 
the Lords. Mr. Pymme, being chofen Orator for 
this Purpofe, delivered himfelf, at a Common-Hall, 
in thefe Words b : 

My Lord Mayor ', and you worthy Citizens of this 
famous and magnificent City, 

( "\TI 7" E are fent hither to you from the Houfe Mr. 
VV of Commons, to make known to you {^ 
the Difcovery of a great and mifchievous Defign, at^' 
tending not only to the Ruin and Deftru&ion of 
the City and of the Kingdom ; but, in thofe Ruins, 
jikewife to have buried Religion and Liberty. I 
might call it a ftrange Defign (though, in thefe late 
Times, Defigns of this Kind have been very fre- 
quent) becaufe it exceeds others in divers confi- 
derable Circumftances of it j in the Malice of the 
Intention, Subtilty of Contrivance, Extent of Mif- 
chief, and Nearnefs of Execution ; all which arofe 
from the Wickednefs of the Authors. Two others 
may be added ; that is, the Clearnefs of the Dif- 
covery and Proof, and the Greatnefs of the De- 
liverance, proceeding from the great Mercies of 

* I mall, in the opening this Defign, take this 
Courfe for my own Memory and yours ; and 

Fir/1, What was in their Aims. 

' Secondly, The Variety of Preparations. 

* Thirdly, The Degrees of Proceedings. And, 

Fourthly, The Maturity and Readinefs for Ex- 

* The Parliament, the City, and the Army, feem 
to be the three vital Parts of this Kingdom ; wherein 
not only the Well-being, but the very Life and Be- 
ing of it doth confift ; this Mifchief would have 
ieized upon all thefe at once. 


b From the Original Edition, printed for Peter Cole, in CornbiH, 
near the Royal Exchange ; and faid, in theTitle-Page, to be corrected 
by Mr, Pjmtnis own Hand for the Prefs, 

282 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car, I. c f^ Q t y fhould have been put into ftich a 
. *_ 4 ^ Combuftion, as to have your Swords imbrued in 
June. one another's Blood : The Parliament fhould have 
been corrupted, and betrayed by their own Mem- 
bers : The Army deftroycd, if not by Force, vet 
for Want of Supply and Maintenance, that fo they 
might have had an open and clearer Way to the 
reft which they had in Proportion ; efpecially to 
that main and fuprenie End, The Extirpation of 

' I ihall tell you, firft, out of what Principles 
this did rife ; it was from the Afhes of another De- 
fign that failed ; that mutinous Petition which was 
contrived in this City ; the Actors of that Peti- 
tion being therein ditappoinied, they fell prefently 
into Confultation how they might compaf:> their 
former End in another Way j that is, under Pre- 
tence of fecuring themfelves by Force againft the 
Ordinances of Parliament, and, under Pretence of 
procuring Peace, they would have made themfelves 
Mailers of the City, yea of the whole KU- 
and they would have ruined and deftroyed all thofe 
that fliould have interrupted them in their mifchie- 
vous Intentions. 

' The firft Step in their Preparation was, To 
appoint a Committtee that might often meet toge- 
ther, and confuh how they might compafs this wick- 
ed End. 

' Their next was, That they might enable that 
Committee with Intelligence from both Armies, 
as well thofe on the King's Side, (as they call them- 
felves, though we be of the King's Side indeed) as 
thofe that are raifed by the Parliament ; efpecially 
they were careful to underftand the Proceedings of 
Parliament, that fo, by the Advantage of this In- 
telligence, they might the better effect that which 
they had in Project, and find, the resdieft and the 
neareft Ways to it. 

' After they had thus provided for Intelligence, 
then how to procure Power and Countenance to 
this Action, by ibnie appearing Authority from his 


Of ENGLAND. 283 

Majefty : For which Purpofe they projected to An, 19. Car. I. 
get a Commiffion from the King, whereby many 1643- 
of themfelves, and of thofe that were of their own u v *- 
Confort, fhould be eftablifhed a Council of War > a<u 
in London and Parts adjacent, with Power to raife 
Forces, make Provisions of Ammunition, and of 
other Kind of Arms, and to give Authority to the 
leading and conducting of thofe Forces, and to raife 
Money for the Maintenance of them j and, as it is 
exprelted in the Commiflion, for the Deftruclion of 
the Army under the Command of Robert Earl of 
fijfcv, raifed by Authority from the two Houfes of 

' Having laid thefe Grounds, I mall, in the next 
Place, discover to you thofe that mould have been 
Actors and Agents in this Bufmefs, their feveral Qua- 
lifications and Relations. 

* The firft Sort was fome Members of the City, 
whereof there were divers, you mall hear the Names 
out of the Proofs ; the next was (in their Pretence, 
as they gave out) Members of the two Houfes of 
Parliament ; the third Sort was, two Gentlemen, 
Mr. Waller and a Brother-in-Law of his, Mr. Tom- 
kins^ that were to be Agents betwixt the Parliament 
and the City, as they pretended ; a fourth Sort was, 
thofe that were to be Meflcngers to convey Intelli- 
gence from this Place to the Court at Oxford^ and 
to other Places where there fhould be Occafion; and 
the fifth and laft confuted but in one Man, that we 
yet difcover, and that was the Lord of Falkland^ 
that kept Correfpondency with them from the 
Court : Thefe were to be the Adtors in this mif- 
chievous Defign. 

' They began then to think upon fome other 
Courfes of very great Advantage to themfelves. 

4 The firft was of Combination ; how they might 
ic more clofely conjoined one to another, and how 
Vey might be more fecure from all others that 
%e not of the fame Party ; and, for this Pur- 
there was devifed a Proteftation of Secrecy, 
as they were Chriftians, they did bind 


284 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. themfelves to keep one another's Counfel, not to 
reveal that which they had Knowledge of, which 
they were trufted with : And the fecond was, a 
Warinefs in difcovering the Bufinefs to any of thofe 
who were to be brought into the Plot; for though 
they came in amongft them to be of them, they 
would not truft all of their own Body : But they 
took this wary and fubtle Courfe, that no one 
Man {hould acquaint above two in this Bufinefs, 
that fo, if it came to Examination, it {hould never 
go farther than three, by the fame Party that difco- 
vered it j and then thofe two had the like Pow<:r, 
that anyone of them might difcover it to two others, 
that fo ftill it might be confined within the Number 
of three : Then there was a fpecial Obligation, 
as was pretended by Mr. Waller, which he had 
made to thofe that he faid were Members of both 
Houfes of Parliament, and confenting to this Plot ; 
but that is yet but a Pretence, no Names or Par- 
ties are known. 

* After they had provided thus for their Combi- 
nation, and for their Security, then, in the next 
Place, they thought of fome Means of Augmen- 
tation, how they might increafe their Numbers, 
and draw in others to come to be of their Party ; 
and for this they did refolve to ufe all their Art and 
Subtiky to irritate Men's Minds againft the Parlia- 
ment ; they found out thofe that thought themfelves 
moft heavily burdened with thele Taxes ; they 
did cherifli all that had any Difcontents about the 
AfTefTment, advifing them to repair to the Com- 
mittee for Eafe, which they knew would be difficult 
to obtain ; and that they, being difappointed, would 
be more enraged, and the apter to join with them in 
this Plot. 

* From this Care of Augmentation, they went 
in the next Place, to find out fome Means of Di 
covery ; that they might know how far their Par/ 
did extend, who were of their Side, and who w re 
againft them ; and, for this Purpofe, they did^ e " 
vife that there {hould be a Survey of all the W^s, 


Of E N G L A N D. 285 

nay of all the Parimes, within the City of Lon-& nt , 9 . Car. I. 
don, the Suburbs and Places adjoining in every Pa- 1643 
rifti, to obferve thofe that were for them, whom * vJ 
they called Right Men; and others that were ^^ 
againft them, whom they called Averfe Men ; and 
then a third Sort, whom they called Neutrals and 
Indifferent Men ; and they appointed feveral Per- 
fons, that were trufted with this Survey and In- 
quiry, to find out thefe feveral Degrees and Sorts in 
every Parifh. 

' * Thus far this Defign feems to be but a Work 
of the Brain, to confift only in Invention and Sub- 
tilty of Defign ; but the other Steps and Degrees, 
which I fhall now obferve to you, will make it to be 
a Work of the Hand, to bring it fomewhat nearer 
to Execution. 

* The firft Step that came into Action and Exe- 
cution was, That they procured this Commiflion, 
which they had before defigned and endeavoured to 
obtain : Now they had obtained a Commiflion, as 
I told you before, to eftablifh certain Men, feven- 
teen in Number ; their Names are there exprefTed ; 
you (hall hear them read to you j they were to 
be a Council of War here within the City ; thefe 
feventeen Men had Power to name others to them- 
felves, to the Number of Twenty-one ; and they 
fhould be enabled both to appoint not only Colo- 
nels and Captains, and other inferior Officers of an 
Army, but to appoint and nominate a General ; 
they had Power to raife Men, to raife Arms and 
Ammunition, and to do all thofe other Things 
that I told you before ; and to lay Taxes and Im- 
pofitions, to raife Money, and to execute Martial 

* When they had gone thus far, in the next Place 
they did obtain a Warrant from the King j and this 
was to Mr. Chaloner, that he might receive Money 
and Plate of all thofe, that, either by voluntary Con- 
tribution or Loan, would furnifh the King, in this 
Neceflity of his, as they call'd it ; and thereby the 
King was obliged to the Repayment of it : This was 


286 7&? Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Or.I. ' By this cometh in the Lift ; and what was be- 
^f 4 ! fore Part of the Defign, cometh now into Ad; the 
Citizens that were trufted with framing of this 
Lift brought it in, except in fome few, 
under thofe Heads of Difcovery that I formerly told 
you of; that is, in every Parifh who were Flight, 
who were Indifferent and Neutral, and who were 
Averfe j and thofe were brought to Mr. Waller's 
Houfe. After they had delivered that Lift, the 
Citizens then declared themfelves that now they 
had done their Part ; as they had discovered to 
them a Foundation of Strength, they did expect 
from them again a Foundation of Countenance and 
Authority, that was from both Houfes of Parliament ; 
and they did declare that they would proceed no 
farther till they knew the Names of thofe Members 
of both Houfes that fhould join with them, and 
Ihould undertake to countenance this Bufmefs. Mr. 
Waller made this Anfwer, That he did aflure them, 
that they fhould have Members of both Houfes, 
both Lords and Commons, to join with them ; 
that he himfelf was but their Mouth ; that he fpoke 
not his own Words, but their Words ; that he 
was but their Agent, and did their Work ; that 
they {hould have of the ableft, of the befr,. and 
of the greateft Lords, and the greateft Number ; 
nay, that they fhould pick and chufe ; that they 
could not with for a Lord, whom he doubted not 
but to procure them : This was the Vanity of his 
Boafting to them to draw them on, and to encou- 
rage them in this Plot. This being now done, 
and propounded by the Citizens on their Part, Mr. 
Waller propounded from the Lords divers Qureries 
and Queftions which had been framed, as he faid, 
by the Lords and Commons ; and, in their Name, 
he did prefent them that were for the'Removal of 
Difficulties, of fome Obftruftions, that might hin- 
der this Work : Thofe Queries were delivered upon 
Friday was Se'nnight to fome of the Citizens, and, 
upon the Saturday Morning, (that was Saturday 
was Se'nnight) they were returned back again with 

Of E N G L A N D. 287 

'I fliall now relate to you both the Quaeries An. 19. Car. I. 
and the Anfwers that were returned by thofe of the ' 6 43- 

The firft Quaere was, What Number of Men *""' 
there were armed ? 

' The Anfwer to this was, That there was a third 
Part well armed, a third Part with Halberts, and 
another third Part with what they could get ; with 
what came to Hand. 

' The fecond Quaere was, In what Places the 
Magazines were laid ? 

'^The Anfwer to that was, At Alderman Fowk's 
Houfe, at Leadenhall^ and at Guildhall. 

' The third Quaere was, Where the Rendezvous 
fhould be ? 

' The Anfwer was, At all the Gates, the Places 
of the Magazines, in Cheapfede, in the Exchange? 
and at what other Places the Lords fhould think 

* The fourth Quaere was, Where was the Place 
of Retreat, if there fnould be Occafion ? 

4 The Anfwer was, That they had Ban/lead 
Downs^ they had Blackheatb, in Propofition ; but 
they did refer the Conclufion of the Place to the 

< The fifth was, What Colours there fhould be ? 

* To this it was anfwered, That at every Ren- 
dezvous there fhould be Colours. 

' A fixth Confideration was, By what Marks and 
Tokens they fhould be diftinguifhed from others, and 
know their Friends from their Enemies ? . 

To this it was anfwered, That they fhould have 
white Ribbons or white Tape. 

Then, in the feventh Place, it was afked, What 
Strength there was within the Walls, and what 
Strength without the Walls ? 

' To this it was anfwered, That, within theWalls, 
there was for one with them, three againft them ; 
but, without the Walls, for one againft them, there 
were five for them. 

* The eighth was, What was to be done with the 
Tawtr V 

< The 

288 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. ' The Anfwer was, That they could conclude no- 

l6 43 thing in that Point. 
^""T*""^ ' The ninth was, Where' the Chief Commanders 

Junet dwelt f 

* To that they made this Anfwer, That every Pa- 
ri(h could tell what new Commanders and Captains 
they had, and who of the Militia dwelt in it. 

The tenth and the laft was, What Time this 
fhould be put in Execution ? 

' To that the Anfwer was, That the Time was 
wholly left to the Lords. 

' After all thefe Queries, thus propounded and 
anfwered, Mr. Waller told them, That he would 
acquaint the Lords with thofe Anfwers that he had 
received from them to their Quarries ; and wilhed 
them not to be troubled, tho' the Lords <lid not yet 
declare themfelves, for they could do them as good 
Service in the Houfe. 

' Being proceeded thus far, they came then to 
fome Proportions which fhould be put in Execution, 
and they were thefe : 

* Fir/}, That they would take into their Cuftody 
the King's Children that were here. 

Thefecond was, That they would lay hold of 
all thofe Perfons that they thought fhould be able to 
ftand in their Way, or to give them any Impediment, 
or at leaft of fome confiderable Number of them ; it 
is unlike that all were named, but fome were named ; 
of the Lords' Houfe there were named my Lord Say 
and my Lord JVharton ; and befides my Lord Mayor, 
whom they took into their Confideration as the Head 
of the City, there were named of the Houfe of Com- 
mons, Sir Philip Stapylton, Mr. Hampden^ Mr. Strode ; 
and they did me the Honour and Favour to name me 

* When they had taken into Confideration the 
Surprizal of thefe Members of both Houfes, they 
did take into their further Refolution, that, with my 
Lord Mayor, fhould have been feized all your Com- 
mittee of Militia j they would not /pare one of 


Of ENGLAND. 289 

c They intended further, that they would releafeAn. 19. Car. I. 
all Prifoners that had been committed by the Parlia- 
ment j that they would feize upon the Magazines ; **"" "T^"""^ 
that they would make a Declaration to fatisfy the 

' There are no Defigns : , be they never fo ill, but 
they do put on a Mafk of fome Good, for betwixt 
that that is abfolutely and apparently ill, there is 
no Congruity with the Will of Man j and therefore 
the worft of Evils are undertaken under a Shadow 
and a Shew of Goodnefs : A Declaration muft be 
fet out, to make the People believe that they flood 
up for the Prefervation of Religion, for the Pre- 
fervation of the King's Prerogative, of the Liber- 
ties of the Subject, of the Privileges of Parliament ; 
and of thefe 1000 Copies were to be printed ; they 
were to be fet upon Pofts and Gates in the moft 
confiderable and open Places ; and they were to* 
be difperfed, as much as they could, through the 
City againft the Time it fhould be put in Execu- 
tion : This was done upon Saturday laft was Se'n- 
night, in the Morning. 

4 Then, in the next Place, they thought fit to 
give Intelligence to the Court of what Proceedings 
they had made here ; and thereupon Mr. Hazel 
was fent to Oxford, that very Saturday in the Af- 
ternoon, from Mr. flatter's H mfe. There were 
two Meflages fent by him, for this main Defign 
they would not truft in Writing : The firft Meffage 
was from Mr. Waller^ That ht fhould tell my Lord 
of Falkland, that he would g[ve him a more full 
Notice of the great Bufinefs very fpeedily : The 
other Meflage was from Mr. Tomkins^ and that 
v/as, That the Defign was now come to good Ma- 
turity ; that they had fo ftrong a Party in the City, 
that tho' it was difcovered, yet they would be able 
to put it in Execution : They promifed to give No- 
tice to the Kjing of the very Day, and, if it were 
poflible, of the very Hour, wherein this fhoukl be 
put in Execution j and then they did defire, when 
they had feized upon the Outworks, that there 
misht fome Party of the Kine's Army come up 

VOL. XII. T with- 

'290 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. within fifteen Miles of the City, who, upon KnoW- 
1643- ledge of their Proceedings, muft be admitted into 
* v -J the City. Thefe were the four Points upon which 
J une ' the Meffage did confift, which was fent from Mr. 
Tonkins to my Lord of Falkland, by Mr. Hazel. 
To both thefe Meflages my Lord of Falkland re- 
turned an Anfwer by Word of Mouth ; (they kept 
themfelves fo clofely that they durft not venture 
to write) and he bid the MefTenger tell Mr. Waller^ 
Mr. Tomkins^ and Mr. Hampden, (a Gentleman 
that was fent up with a Mefiage from the King, 
and remained here in Town to agitate this Bufinefs, 
and made that Ufe of his being here in Town) 
That he could not well write, and did excufe him- 
felf ; but prayed them that they would ufe ail poffible 
Hafte in the main Bufmefs. 

' Mr. Waller having plotted it, and brought it on 
thus far, now he began to think of pufhing it fur- 
ther ; and, the Tuefday following this Saturday^ 
which was Tuefday was Se'nnight in the Evening, 
after he came home to his Lodging, Mr. Tomkins 
and he being together, he told him, That the 
very next Morning, that was Wednefday^ the Faft- 
Day, he (hould go [to my Lord of Holland^ and 
acquaint him with this Plot, and difcover fo much 
to him as he thought fit ; that he himfelf would go 
to fome other Lords, and do the like. This was 
the Tuefday Night, in which Conference they put 
on that Confidence in Expectation of Succefs in 
this Plot, that Mr. Waller broke out with a great 
Oath to affirm, That if they did carry this through- 
out, then they would have any Thing. This he 
fpoke to Mr. Tomkins with a very great deal of Ear- 
neftnefs and Aflurance. So far they went on in 
Hope and Expectation ; but here they were cut fhort : 
That very Night there were Warrants ifTiied, upon 
fome Difcoveries that were made of this Plot, to 
the Lord Mayor, and to the Sheriffs here ; which 
they did execute with fo much Diligence and Care 
of the Good of the City, that the next Morning, 
when Mr. Tomkins and Mr. Waller (hould have 
gone about their Bufmefs, they were apprehended, 


Of ENGLAND. 291 

and the reft of the Citizens, divers of them, but An. 
fome efcaped. 

4 Thus far I have difcovered to you the Materials 
and the Lineaments of this mifchievous Defign ; 
you fhall now be pleafed to hear the Proofs and the 
Confeffions out of which this Narration doth arife, 
and that will make all this good to you that I have 
faid. And, after thofe are read, I fhall then tell 
you what hath been done fince in the Houfe of Com- 
mons, fomewhat in the Houfe of Lords, and what 
elfe is in Propofition to be offered to you from the 
Houfe of Commons ; but I fhall defire you firft, that 
you may be fully convinced of the great Goodnefs of 
God in Difcovery of this Plot, and the Truth of 
thefe Things that I have fpoken to you, that you 
will hear the Evidence of the Proofs ; and then we 
ihall go on to thofe other Things which we have in 

The Proofs being read, Mr. Pymtne proceeded thus : 

' Gentlemen, we have held you long, you are 
now almoft come to the End of your Trouble ; I 
am to deliver to you fome fhort Obfervations up- 
on the whole Matter, and then to acquaint you with 
the Refolutions thereupon taken in the Houfe of 
Commons ; and to conclude with a few Defires 
from them to you. 

' The Obfervations are thefe : 

Fir/i, * I am to obferve to you the Contrariety 
betwixt the Pretences, with which this Defign hath 
been mafked, and the Truth : One of the Pretences 
was Peace ; the Truth was Blood and Violence : 
Another of the Pretences was, the preferving of Pro- 
perty ; the Truth was, the introducing of Tyranny 
and Slavery, which leaves no Man Mafter of any 
Thing he hath. 

' A fecond Obfervation is this : The unnatural 
Way by which they meant to compafs this wicked 
Defign, that was, To deftroy the Parliament by the 
Members of Parliament ; and then, by the Carcafs 
and Shadow of a Parliament, to deftroy the King- 
dom : What is a Parliament but a Carcafs when 
T 2 the 

292 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I, the Freedom of it is fupprefled ? When thofe (hall 
be taken away by Violence, that can, or will, op- 

Pk anc * ^ and in tne Wa y of their I ntent ions \ The 
High Court of Parliament is the moft certain and 
conftant Guardian of Liberty ; but if it be deprived 
of its own Liberty, it is left without Life or Power 
to keep the Liberty of others. If they {hould bring 
a Parliament to be fubjedt to the King's Pleafure, 
to be correfpondent, as they call it, to his Will, in 
the Midft of fuch evil Councils which now are pre- 
dominant, there would little or no Cure be left ; 
but then all Things that are moft mifchievous would 
feem to be done by Law and Authority. 

* The third Obfervation is this : With what an 
evil Confcience thefe Men undertook this Work : 
They that pretended to take Arms to defend their 
own Property, obtained a Commiffion to violate 
the Property of others : They would take the Af- 
iertion of the Laws of the Land ; but aflumed to 
themfelves fuch a Power as was moft contrary to that 
Law ; to feize upon their Perfons without due Pro- 
ceis ; to impofe upon their Eftates without Con- 
fent ; to take away fome Lives by the Law Mar- 
tial j and, befides all this, without any Commifiion, 
they intended to alter the Government of the City, 
which is now governed by your own Council, by a, 
Magiftrate chofen by yourfelves, then to be go- 
verned by Violence. 

Thefyurth Obfervation is this : That the mif- 
chievous Effect of this Defign would not have 
ceafed in the firft Night's Work ; all the godly Part 
in the -Kingdom, all faithful Minifters efpecially, 
woinM "have been left not onlv to the Scorn and Re- 
proach, btit to the Hatred, Malice, and Cruelty, of 
the Papifts and Malignants. 

The fifth and laff Obfervation I {hall make to 
you is this : That this Matter was profecuted in 
Part, and agitated and promoted by thofe that were 
fent from the King, and feemed to be Meflengers of 
Peace 1 ; and while we fhould be amufed with the 
Pretences of gracious Meflages to propofe Peace, 
this villainous^Proiecl:, which fhould have fet you 


Of E N G L A N D. 293 

all in Blood, was promoted by thofe Meflengers^An, 19. Car. I. 
and fhould have been put in Execution very fhortly l6 43 

after. This is all I ihall trouble you with by way * "~v ' 

r f^\ r June, 

of Obfervation. 

The Matters refolved on in the Houfe of Com- 
mons are thefe Things : 

' /Yr/?, That there may be public Thankfgiving 
to God, both in the City and throughout the King- 
dom, for this great Deliverance ; that a near Day 
be appointed for the City, the Parliament, and the 
Parts adjacent, and a convenient Day tor other 
Parts of the Kingdom. 

* The next Thing refolved on was, That the 
Houfe of Peers fhould be made acquainted with 
thefe Proofs, and with all this Difcovery ; which 
hath been done accordingly. 

4 It was likewife refolved, That there {hould be 
a Covenant made, whereby we fhould both teftify 
our Deteflation of this mifchievous Plot, and join 
ourfelves more clofely in the Maintenance of the 
common Intereft of the Church and Common- 
wealth, in Religion and Liberty, which are (till in 
great Danger, and would have been utterly fubvert- 
ed, if this^Projeft had taken ErTeft. 

4 It was tefolved in the fourth Place, which is 
now partly executed, That this fhould be commu- 
nicated to you of the City ; that fo, as you have a 
great Part in the Blefling, you may do your Part in 
the Duty of Thankfulnefs, together with us. 

4 It is further refolved, That it fhall be commu- 
nicated to the Army, that they likewife take Notice 
of this great Mercy of God, and join with us, both 
in the Thankfgiving and in the Proteftation and 
Covenant, as we fhall likewife defire you of the 
City to do. 

4 Then we are commanded to give Thanks to my m 

Lord Mayor, to the Sheriffs, and to the reft of the 
Officers of the City, for their great Care in the ap- 
prehending of thefe Perfons, in guarding the Peace 
and Quiet of the City. 

4 We are likewife to give Thanks to thofe Gen- 
tlemen that have had the Cuftody of thefe Prifoners. 
T 3 We 

294 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19- Car. I.We know it cannot but be a Trouble to them ; but 
there was no Means to keep them fafe from Mef- 
fages one to another, and from Speeches, but by 
fuch a Way of putting them in honeft Men's Hands; 
therefore the Houfe of Commons have commanded 
us to give them fpecial Thanks for their undertaking 
this Care, and to aflure them that they will fee them 
fully recompenfed for all the Trouble and Charge 
they (hall undergo by it. 

* And we are to give you Thanks, which are the 
Citizens of this City, for your good Afteclions to the 
Public Caufe, and for your continual Bounty for the 
Support of it. 

' Thus far we are enjoined by the Refolution of 
the Houfe : N >w we are further to intreat you to 
hear both the Covenants j you fhall thereby know 
to what we have bound ourfelves, and to what we 
defire you fhould be bound. There are two Cove- 
nants j that is, one proper for the Houfes of Parlia- 
ment, which hath been taken in the Houfe of Com- 
mons by all the Members, even by thofe Gentlemen 
that are named in the Examinations to have been 
privy to this Plot, which they all have difavowed ; 
and the other Covenant is to be taken by all the 
other Part ot the Kingdom ; by the Citizens, by 
the Army, and the reft of the People generally in 
all Places. 

' The Draught of thefe two Covenants we (hall 
communicate to you ; the Houfe of Lords they have 
had them already, and have taken them into Confi- 
deration , and we hear they do refolve, That what 
is appointed for them fhall be taken by the Members 
of that Houfe. 

' We are further to defire you, That you would 
co-operate with the Divine Providence, in God's 
great Mercy to this City and the whole Kingdom : 
God doth not only do Good, but thereby gives Af- 
furance that he will do Good j his Mercies they are 
Comforts for the prefent, they are Pledges for the 
future ; but yet our Care muft not ceafe. 

' We are to defire that you would keep your 
Guardsj and look well to your City ; and that you 


Of E N G L A N D. 295 

would find out thefe evil Members that are amongAn, 19. Car. I. 
you, as near as may bej that fo, for the Time to l6 43- 
come, this Plot may be prevented, as hitherto it hath * ~ ' 
been flopped j for out of Doubt all the Malignity ^ une * 
is not drawn out of them, though the Opportu- 
nity is hindered for the prefent putting it in Exe- 

* I am to tell you further, That, in Deflre to 
win thofe that mall be taken with Remorfe for this 
wicked Defign and Confpiracy, it is refolved, That 
if any Man fhall come in before the I5th Day of 
this prefent "June, and freely confefs his Fault, and 
what he knows of this Confpiracy, that he (hall 
have a full, free, and plenary Pardon for the Time 
to come, except thofe that are already taken or 
fled ; I fay, thofe that come in voluntarily ihall be 

' Your Care, and our Care, they will be all little 
enough ; we hope God's Blefling will be fo upon 
them both, that you fhall be reftored to a full Peace; 
and that, in the mean Time, you fhall enjoy fuch a 
Degree of Safety and Profperity as may make Way 
to it.' 

To return to the Proceedings at Wejlmlnfler: 

"June 9. The Lords having confidered of the Vow 
and Covenant, brought up by the Commons, judged 
it a voluntary Oath, and proper to be given to every 
Member of their Houfe in a folemn and ferious 
Manner. Accordingly every Lord, beginning at 
the youngeft Baron, and going upwards according to 
their Degrees, held the Paper in their Hands, and 
read it diftinclly as follows ; 

* "T T7"Hereas there hath been, and now is, in The Covenant, 

* VV this Kingdom, a Popim and Traiterous taken b y the 
4 Plot, for the Subverfion of the true Pf6teftw* 

* Reformed Religion, and the Liberty of the Sub- 

* je& : And, in purfuance thereof, a Popifh Army 

* h?.th been raifed, and is now on Foot in divers 

* Parts of this Kingdom : And whereas there hath 

* been a treacherous and horrid Defign lately difco- 

' vered 

296 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I.* vered by the great Blefling and fpecial Providence 

1643. * of God, of divers Perfons, to join themfelves with 

t -V- ^ * the Armies raifed by the King, and to deftroy the 

June. t p 0;ces r aifed by the Lords and Commons in Par- 

' liament ; to furprize the Cities of London and 

' Weftminfter, with the Suburbs, and, by Arms, 

' to force the Parliament ; and finding, by con- 

' ftant Experience, that many Ways of Force and 

' Treachery are continually attempted to bring to 

' utter Ruin and Deftruction the Parliament and 

' Kingdom, and, that which is deareft, the true 

' Proteftant Religion ; and that, for the preventing 

* and withftanding the fame, it is fit that all, who 
c are true-hearted and Lovers of their Country, 

* fhould bind themfelves each to other in a facred 

* Vow and Covenant.: 

TAB, in Humility and Reverence of the Divine 
* Majejly, declare my hearty Sorrow for my own 
Sins, and the Sins of this Nation, which have dejer- 
ved the Calamities and "Judgments that now lie upon 
it : And my true Intention is, by God's Grace, to 
endeavour the Amendment of my own Ways. And 
J do further, in the Prefence of Almighty God, de- 
clare, vow, and covenant, That, in order to the Secu- 
rity and Prefervation of the true Reformed Proteftant 
Religion, and Liberty of the Subjeft, I will not con- 
fent to the laying down of Arms, fo long as the Pa- 
pi/Js, now in open ft^ar again ft the Parliament, Jhall, 
by Force of Arms, be prate Red from the Juftice 
thereof: And that I do abhor and detejl the faid wicked 
and treacherous Defign lately difcovered ; and that I 
never gave, nor will give, my Affent to the Execution 
thereof; but will, according to my Power and Voca- 
tion, oppofe and refift the fame, and all others of the 
like Nature : And in Cafe any other like Defign /hall 
hereafter come to my Knowledge, I luill make fuch 
timely Difcovery as I fl}all conceive may beji conduce 
to the preventing thereof. And whereas I do in my 
Confcience believe, That the Forces raifed by the two 
Houfes of Parliament, are raijed and continued for 
tbeir jujl Defence^ and for the Defence of the true 


Of E N G L A N D. 297 

Protejlant Religion, and Liberty of the Subjefl, An/ 19. Car. I. 
againft the Forces raifed by the King, that I will', ^ 64 1' i 
according to my Power and Vocation, affijl the Forces 
raifed and continued by both Houfes of Parliament, 
againft the Forces raijed by the king, without their 
Confent : And will likewife ajjijl all other Perfons 
that jhall take this Oath, in what they Jhall do in 
pursuance thereof; and will not, direcJly or indireftly^ 
adhere unto, nor willingly ajfift, the Forces raifed by 
the King, without the Confent of both Houfes of Par- 
liament. And this Few and Covenant 1 make 'in the 
Prefence of Almighty God, the Searcher of all Hearts, 
with a true Intention to perform the fame, as I Jhall 
anfwer at the Great Day, when the Secrets of all 
Hearts Jhall be difclofed. 

At the fame Time, however, it was moved and 
agreed to by the Lords, That a {hort Declaration 
might be drawn up, and taken by them, the Houfe 
of Commons, and the whole Kingdom, declaring 
their Loyalty to the King's Perfon, his Crown and 
Dignity; and a Committee of eleven Lords were 
ordered to draw it up and report it to the Houfe. 

June ii. The Earl of Portland* and the Lord 
Vifcount Conway being accufed, by the Houfe of 
Commons, of being concerned in Mr. Waller's Plot, 
they were fequeftered from the Lords' Houfe and 
committed ; the one to the Cuftody of the Lord 
Mayor of London, and the other to one of the She- 
riffs ; but their Lands and Goods not to be feized 
on, till, upon Trial, it appeared they were guilty of 
the Charge againfl- them. 

The Liberty of the Prefs having, of late, been 
very grievous to the Parliament, they pafled an Or- 
dinance to reftrain it, and to ftrengthen fome for- 
mer Orders made for that Purpofe. This extraor- 
dinary Stretch into Englijh Liberty, by thofe who 
pretended to be the Preservers of it, deferves our 


a Jerwne Wtfl<m t 

298 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. 


The Preamble to this Ordinance fets forth, 


An Ordinance 
for restraining 
the Liberty of 
Che Prefs. 

THAT whereas divers good Orders have been 
lately made, by both Houfes of Parliament, 

* for fuppreffing the great Abufes and frequent Dif- 
' orders in printing many falfe, forged, fcandalous, 
feditious, libellous, and unlicenfed Papers, Pam- 
phlets, and Books, to the great Defamation of 
6 Religion and Government ; which have taken 
little or no Effect, by reafon the Bill in Prepa- 
' ration, for Redrefs of the faid Diforders, hath 

* hitherto been retarded : And that, through the 

* prefent Diftrac*tions, very many Perfons, as well 

* Stationers and Printers, as others of fundry other 

* Profeffions, have taken upon them to fet up pri- 

* vate Printing Prefies in Corners, and to print, 
' vend, publifh, and difperfe Books, Pamphlets, and 

* Papers in fuch Multitudes, that no Induftry could 

* be fufficient to difcover or bring to Puniftiment 
all the feveral abounding Delinquents : There- 
fore, &c. 

The moft material Claufes are thefe ; 

* 7 hat no Order or Declaration of either Houfe 
f of Parliament (hall be printed without Order of 
one or both the laid Houfes ; nor any other Book, 

* Pamphlet, Paper, nor Part of any fuch Book, 

* Pamphlet, or Paper, fhall, from henceforth, be 
' printed, bound, ftitch'd, or put out to Sale, by any 

* Perfon or Perfons whatfoever, unlefs the fame be 

* firft approved and licenfed under the Hands of 

* fuch-Perfons as both or either of the faid Houfes 

* fhall appoint for licenfing of the fame ; and be 

* entered in the Regifter-Book of the Company of 

* Stationers, according to antient Cultom, and the 
' Printer thereof to put his Name thereto. 

' The Mafter and Wardens of the faid Company, 
' the Gentleman-Ufher of the Houfe of Peers, the 

* Serjeant of the Commons' Houfe, and their Depu- 

* ties, together with the Perfons formerly appointed 
' by the Committee of the Houfe of Commons 

* for Examinations, are authorized and required 


Of E N G L A N D. 299 

* to make diligent Search in all Places, where they An. 19. Car. I, 
fhall think meet, for all unlicenfed Printing Pref- 

* fes, and all Prefles any way employed in the Print- 

* ing of fcandalous or unlicenfed Papers, Pam- 
' phlets, or Books ; and to feize and carry away 

* fuch Printing Prefles, Letters, and other Mate- 
' rials, of every fuch irregular Printer, which they 

* find fo mifemployed, unto the Common-Hall of 

* the faid Company, there to be defaced and made 
' unferviceable, according to antient Cuftom ; and 
6 likewife to make diligent Search in all fufpeled 
' Printing- Houfes, Ware-Houfes, Shops, and other 
' Places, for fuch fcandalous and unlicenfed Books, 
' Papers, Pamphlets, and all other Books, not 

* entered, nor figned with the Printer's Name as 

* aforefaid, being printed contrary to this Order; 
c and the fame to feize and carry away to the faid 

* Common-Hall, there to remain till both or either 
Houfe of Parliament fhall difpofe thereof; and 

* likewife to apprehend all Authors, Printers, and 
other Perfons whatfoever employed in compiling, 

* printing, ftitching, binding, publifhing, and dif- 

* perfing of the faid fcandalous, unlicenfed, and 

* unwarrantable Papers, Books, and Pamphlets as 
aforefaid ; and all thofe who fhall refift the faid 

* Parties in fearching after them, and bringing 
' them before either of the Houfes or the Commit- 

* tee of Examinations, that fo they may receive 
c fuch further Punifhments as their Offences fhall 
< demerit ; and not to be releafed untill they have 

* given Satisfaction to the Parties employed in their 
4 Apprehenfion for their Pains and Charges, and 

* fufficient Caution not to offend in like Sort for the 

* future. 

* All Juftices of the Peace, Captains, Conftables, 
* and other Officers, are ordered and required to be 
' aiding and aflifting to the aforefaid Perfons in the 
6 due Execution of all and fmgular the Premifes, 
' and in the Apprehenfion of all Offenders againft 

* the fame ; and, in cafe of Oppofition, to break 

* open Doors and Locks, &c, 


300 Tie Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I, J une X 4* ^ ne Affair of the Great Seal came on 
' 16^.3. ' 'again in the Houfe of Lords, when the Earl of Hol- 

li ,,- mj fond, from the Committee appointed to prepare 
June, Heads for a Conference on this Affair, reported, 
That the Senfe of the Committee was, That the 
Votes of this Houfe mould be firft read, and then 
to add, That the Parliament having, in all their 
Actions and Refolutions, gone upon the Power of 
their Ordinances, the Lords conceive it will be 
proper to continue upon that Ground. That the 
making of a new Great Seal will not hinder the Ufe 
and Power of the King's Great Seal ; but if they 
found the Sealing of Original Writs of Error be 
denied, they would join with the Commons in their 
Care to do what will be neceflary and advantageous 
to the Parliament, the free Courfe of Juftice, and 
the Laws of the Kingdom. 

June 1 6. The Earl of Northumberland reported 
from the Committee a Draught of what they thought 
proper to be taken, to declare the Loyalty of the 
Lords to the King's Perfon, his Crown and Dig- 
nity ; which was read : 

A Declaration We the Lords and Commons do further declare, 
made by the ybat our Intentions have been, and Jlill are, to our 
he P 0<wer -> to maintain, preferve, and defend his Ma- 
Perfon* j*ftf* Perfon and jitjl Rights of the Crown ; toge- 
ther with the Perfons of his Royal IJ/ue ; and that we 
Jhall ufe our utmojl Endeavours in pursuance of the 

Ordered, To communicate this to the Houfe of 
Commons the next Morning, at a Conference : 
And, at the fame Time, to ofirer fomewhat to them 
for competing the prefent Diftractions and fettling 
Peace between the King and Parliament. 

June 17. A Committee of Lords were appointed 
to confider of this laft Article ; and, after fome 
Time, the Lord Say and Sele brought in a Draught 


Of E N G L A N D. 301 

of what they had to offer for that Purpofe; which An 19- Car - * 
\vas as follows : ^ -* .J 


May it pleafe your Mojl Excellent Majefty ^ 

c "\\ 7"E your loyal Subjects, the Lords and And a Draught 
4 V V Commons in Parliament affembled, ha- Jj^ 
' ving a deep Senfe of the prefent Miferies of this p e aceT 
' your Kingdom, and of the Chriftian Blood, the 

* Blood of your Subjects, that hath been fpilt in 

* this unnatural War : To prevent the Defolation 

* and Ruin of this Kingdom, the Deftruction of 
' your People, and the Danger of your own Royal 

* Perfon and Children, do again, in all Humility, 
' petition your Majefty, that you will be pleafed, 
' before the Armies be engaged in Battle, they be- 

* ing now drawn near together, to accept of our 
' humble Anfwer to your Majefty 's firft Propoii- 
c tion, and agree unto the firft Proportion prefent- 
' ed unto you by the Hands of our Commiffioners, 

* for the Difbanding of all Armies ; whereby your 

* Kingdom will be reftorcd to the former happy 

* Condition of Peace, and the fad Accidents and 

* Confequences of a Civil War be prevented ; and 
' that, as the moft likely Means to compofe and 
' fettle thefe unhappy Differences between you and 
' your People, you will pleafe to return to your Par- 

* liament, your great and moft faithful Council, 
' whofe Advice your Majefty will find more con- 

* ducing to your Greatnefs, Honour, and Safety, 
c than the Council of fome few about you j whofe 

* Counfels if they may prevail, we find all our 
' Petitions and Endeavours for the Peace of this 

* Kingdom to be fruitlefs. 

' If God fliall make us fo happy as to incline 
' your Majefty's Heart to this our humble Petition, 
' which your Parliament and Kingdom may ex- 
' pec~t from your Juftice and Goodnefs, our En- 
deavours and Counfels mail all be directed to 
' fettle the true Proteftant Religion, your Maje- 
' fty's juft Rights, the Prefervation and Safety of 

* your Royal Perfon and Children, and the Laws 



The Reafoas o 
fered to the 
Commons for 
their Concur- 
rence therein. 

302 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Car. I. ' of the Kingdom, the Liberties of the Subject, and 
* the Privileges of Parliament.' 

Ordered, That this Petition be communicated to 
the Houfe of Commons at a Conference ; and to be 
delivered to the King in the fame Alanner as one 
was at Shrewjbury. 

June 21. Nothing elfe, memorable j interven- 
ing, the Committee for managing this Conference 
reported what they thought fit to be offered at it, to 
the Commons, along with the Petition j which was 
as follows : 

' The Lords looking, with much Companion, 
upon the divided and diftracttd Condition of this 
Kingdom, and that, in all Probability, the Con- 
tinuance of the War in Chriftendom will only 
remain amongft ourfelves, in thefe our fad and 
civil Divifions, they have been moved, from the 
Tendernefs they owe to the Prefervation of this 
Kingdom, to make a further Trial of his Maje- 
ity's Inclinations to the Peace of it, and eonfequent- 
Jy to the Peace of his other Kingdoms ; which, in 
all human Reafon, doth depend upon the Peace and 
Safety of this ; and likewife to {hew to his Majefty, 
and all the World, that we are ftill, upon our 
firft Grounds and Principles, to petition him for 
Peace; thereby to make it vifible to his Majefty, 
and the whole Kingdom, that we ftill purfue the 
Ways of Peace ; which will either procure us that 
Happinefs, or make the Miferies that we and the 
Kingdom muft expert, by a Battle between thefe 
near-approached Armies, the more fupportable by 
the Unavoklablenefs of it ; and this we defire may 
no way weaken, or contradict, the Covenant and 
Vow we have united ourfelves in, but rather purfue 
the fame ; in that we do defire the Force, whereby 
Papifts are protected againft the Juftice of Parlia- 
ment, may be laid down before we lay down our 
Arms ; neither is it intended to draw on any Treaty, 
but alone to receive the King's preferrt and pofitive 


Of E N G L A N D. 303 

June 22. The Lords fent down to acquaint the An. 19. Car. I. 
<bther Houfe, That they had added two more of 
their Body to the Committee of Sequeftration, and 
had given them Power to compound and regulate 
that Ordinance, by making fome Allowance to Wi- 
dows and Children for their Maintenance ; defiring 
the Commons to add a proportionable Number of 
their Houfe, and alfo to give the like Power to 
them. But this merciful Difpofition of the Lords 
was not complied with, at this Time, by the Lower 

A Committee of Commons had been bufy fome 
Time, in framing Articles of Impeachment againffc 
the Queen, in order to fupport the Charge they had 
exhibited to the Lords. And, this Day, they had 
proceeded fo far as to appoint Mr. Stroitd to go up, 
and defire a Conference with them concerning thefe 
Articles. Whether this Meflage was fent or not, 
we cannot learn, for there is no Entry, in the Lords 
Journals, relating to it. 

June 24. The AfTembly of Divines being now 
ready to fit to do Bufmefs, the Lords thought pro- 
per to order, That all Minifters employed in the 
next public Monthly Faft, fhould, in their Prayers, 
particularly and earneftly defire the Affiftance and 
Blefling of Almighty God upon that Aflembly, for 
carrying on the great Work : And that the faid 
Aflembly mould meet in Henry the Seventh's Cha- 
pel, on the 3oth Inftant, at Nine in the Morning. 
Agreed to by the Commons. 

June 26. This Day the Lord Say and Sele ac- 
quainted the Lords, That he had received a Letter 
from the King, in which was inclofed a Proclama- 
tion from his Majefty, which was read : 

' \\ 7Hereas we have been long fince driven by 

\/l/ T-, j 17- i n i clamation, for- 

VV rorce and Violence from our Palace at bidding Obedi- 
< WeJJminfter^ (the Place of Sitting for us and our en t thePar- 

two Houfes of this Parliament) fo that we t 

* not, with Safety of our Life, be prefent with our ber^td 

* Great o*/*. 

304 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. ' Great Council ; and much the greater Part of the 
1643 < Members of both Houfes of Parliament have been 
i Jikewife driven, by Tumults and Force, for their 

* Safety, from their Attendance upon that Council, 
4 the faid Members having been threatened and af- 
' faulted for delivering their Opinions freely in the 

* Houfes ; or have, out of Confcience and Duty, 
' withdrawn themfelves from being prefent at the 

* Debates and Refolutions, which they have well 
' known to be fo contrary to their Duty and Alle- 

* giance ; or, for fo withdrawing, or for freely fpeak- 
f ing in the Houfes, have been expelled or fufpend- 
1 ed from being Members of that Council, contrary 
4 to the antient Practice and juft Privileges of Par- 

* liament. Since which Time, and by which Means, 

* a great and rebellious Army hath been railed 
' againft us, under the Command of Robert Earl of 
4 EJJex ; which Army hath not only endeavoured 
' to take away our L'ife from us in a fet Battle, but 
4 the fame, and other Forces raifed by the like 

* Means, have committed all the Acts of Outrage, 

* Robbery, and Murder, upon our good Subjects 
4 throughout the Kingdom, and ilill continue to do 
4 the fame. 

4 And though, in Truth, a very fniall Part of 

* that Great Council remain there together ; yet, 

* under Pretence of having the Countenance of our 

* two Houfes of Parliament, fome feditioire Perfons 

* aflume to themfelves (with the AffHlance of thofe 

* rebellious Armies, and of divers mutinous and 

* defperate Brownifts, Anabaptifts, and other ill- 

* affected Perfons in our City of London^ by whofe 

* Means they awe fuch Members of both Houfes 

* who yet continue amongft them) a Power to do 
4 Things abfolutely contrary to the Laws of the 

* Land, and deftructive to our Rights, and to the 

* Liberty and Property of the Subject, and to alter 
4 the whole Frame and Government of this King- 
c dom j difpofing of the Lives and Fortunes of us 
c and our good Subjects, according to their Difcre- 
4 tion ; fubjecting both to their own unlimited Ar- 
4 bitrary Power and Government. 


Of E N G L A N D. 305 

* We have only accufed fome particular Perfons, An, 19, Car. T, 

* whom we well know to be the Authors and Con- l6 43- 

c trivers of thefe defperate Counfels and A&ions j * -v*-J, 

* and have forborne to cenfure, or charge, the whole ^ mt * 
e Number of the Members remaining, by whofe 

* Orders and Authority the Evils have been pretend- 
" ed to be done ; hoping that the Senfe of the mife- 

* rable Diftra&ions of the Kingdom would, at length, 
' have brought them to difcern where they had 
' erred ; and our often MefTages and Complaints of 

* the Violence offered to us, and to the Members of 

* both Houfes, would have procured Juftice and 
' Redrefs : And that the Power and Reputation of 

* fuch amongft them, who wiflied well to the Peace 
' of the Kingdom, and Honour and Dignity of Par- 
6 liaments, would have at laft fo far prevailed, that a 
' right Underftanding might have been begotten be- 
' twixt us and our People; and all Shew of Force 

* and Violence fo taken away and fupprefled, that 
' we might, in a full and peaceable Convention of 
' Parliament, with the Advice of that our Great 

* Council, have fo fettled the prefent Diftempers, 
4 that there might be no Fear left of the like for the 
' future. 

' But finding, to our great Grief, that the Power 
c of thofe feditious Perfons, who firft contrived 

* thefe defperate and bloody Diftraclions, continues 
' fo great ; that as they have driven, and now keep 
c us, and the much greater Part of both Houfes, 
' from being prefent at that Council ; fo they 

* fo far awe thofe who remain there, that they 

* cannot, with Freedom, give their Votes and 
' Refolutions according to their Confciences, and 
' the Laws and Constitutions of the Kingdom : 

* That the Members of both Houfes have been 
' compelled to make Proteftations to live and die 

* with the Earl of EJfix, the General of the re- 
' bellious Army, and other unlawful and treafon- 
c able Proteftations ; and that fuch who have re- 
< fufed to take the faid Proteftations, have been 

* expelled and imprifoned for fuch their Refufal : 

* That the great Affairs of the Kingdom are 

VOL. XII. U mana- 

306 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. 4 managed and concluded by a private Committee, 
4 without being ever reported to the Houfes, con- 
~ * trary to the Laws and Rules of Parliament : 
c That the Common Council of London, mott of 
' them being Perfons factioufly chofcn out of Brown- 

* ifts, Anabaptifts, and fuch who oppofe the re- 

* gular wholefome Government of that City, and 

* have promifed themfelves the Deftruction of the 

* Church, are grown the Superintendents over both 

* Houfes, and obtrude upon them what Conclufions 
' and Refolutions they pleafe : That they take upon 
' them to juftify this Rebellion againft us, and have 

* prefumed, under Pretence of the Order of both 

* Houfes, to invite foreign Forces to invade this 

* Kingdom : To fend Agents to foreign Princes, 

* to negotiate and treat with them in their own 

* Names : To imprifon our good Subjects contrary 

* to Law, prohibiting our Judges to grant Habeas 

* Corpus according to Law : To introduce a new 

* Clergy throughout the Kingdom, by difplacing 
godly learned Divines, without the leaft Colour 

* of Law or judicial Proceedings, and putting ig- 
' norant and feditious Preachers in their Places, 
' to poifon the Hearts of the People : To counte- 
nance the Vilifying of the Book of the Com- 
' mon-Prayer, eftablifhed by the Law of the Land : 

* To feize, levy, and take away what they pleafe 

* of the Eftates and Fortunes of our Subjects, by 

* difpofing of the twentieth Part of their Eftates, 
' by exhaufting them with unfupportable Weekly 
' Taxes for the Maintenance of their rebellious 
' Army, and by endeavouring to lay odious Ex- 
' cifes upon Victuals, Goods, and Merchandize of 

* our People for the fame Purpofe ; while they 
' fuffer our poor Proteftant Subjects of our King- 

* dom of Ireland, whofe Defence was undertaken 

* by our two Houfes, and that Army raifed for the 

* fuppreffing of that horrid Rebellion to be ftar- 

* ved and in Danger of difbandins:, or neceflita- 

* ted to defert that Kingdom for Want of Mo- 

* ney, Victuals, and fuch other Neceflaries as 
' were to be provided for them by Adt of Parlia- 

' ment. 

Of E N G L A N D. 307 

* ment, out of thofe Monies which they have fpent An. 19. Car. 
c to deftroy us and this Kingdom : By exacting l6 43- 

* from Merchants Tonnage and Poundage, and ' T V """"^ 
' other Impofitions upon Merchandizes, as well ^ une ' 

c Native as Foreign, contrary to an Act made this 
' prefent Parliament, with a Penalty of Premunire 
c on thofe who fhall pay or receive it : And, laft- 
' ly, that they have (after the breaking off the late 

* Treaty, by a peremptory recalling their Com- 

* mittee, who, in Truth, during their Abode with 

* us, had no Power to treat by reafon of their ftridt 
c Limitation) fo far rejected all poflible Means and 
c Overtures of Treaty and Accommodation, that, 
' inftead of anfwering our gracious MefTages, the 

* Houfe of Commons hath imprifoned our Mef- 
' fenger fent by us to them, to invite both Houfes 

* to an Accommodation ; and efpecially to move 
' them to take fuch a Courfe for the Freedom of 

* Parliament, that we might fafely advife with 
' that our Great Council for the fettling thofe mi- 

* ferable Diftractions and Diftempers : And hath 
' malicioufly, and in Contempt of us, after an 
' Attempt to murder our Royal Confort, in Brid- 
' lington Road, (the Place of her Landing) im- 
' peached her of High Treafon, for affifting us 

* with Arms and Ammunition to defend us from, 

* this Rebellion : 'Tis Time now to let our good 
' Subjects know, that they may no longer look 

* upon the Votes and Actions of the Perfons now 
' remaining, as upon our two Houfes of Parlia- 

* ment ; Freedom and Liberty to be prefent, and 
' of Opinion and Debate there, being eflential to 

* a Parliament ; "which Freedom and Liberty all 

* Men muft confefs to be taken away from this 

* Aflembly, when they remember the great Tu- 
' mults brought down to awe and terrify both 
s Houfes ; and that they were then brought down 
' when any great Debate was in either Houfe, and 

* not like to be fo carried as fome feditious Perfons, 

* who governed thofe Tumults, did defire ; that, 
in the greateft Heat and Fury of thofe Tumults, 

U 2 the 

308 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19 Car. I. c t he principal Governors amongft them direc"ted 

l6 *^ * the unruly People to go to Whitehall, where our 

^~7^ own Perfon then was ; and defigned, by Force, 

' to have furprized the Perfon of our Son the Prince ; 

' that, when it was defired that a Declaration might 

' be made againft fuch Tumults, inftead of con- 

* fenting thereunto, the Tumults themfelves were 

* juftified ; and when a legal Courfe was prefcribed 

* by the Lords, and taken by the proper Minifters 

* of Juftice, to fupprefs and prevent fuch Tumults 

* and Riots, that legal Courfe was fuperfeded by thofe 

* who were then prefent of the Houfe of Commons, 

* and the Minifters of Juftice puniflied and impri- 
' foned for executing the Law. When they re- 
' member that feveral Members of either Houfe 

* have been threatened and aflaulted in thofe Tu- 

* mults, and their own Names profcribed as Per- 
' fons difaffe&ed, becaufe they freely ufed to fpeak 

* their Confciences in both Houfes : That the Houfe 

* of Peers have been fo far threatened and me- 

* naced, that the Names of thofe have been, 

* with Threats, demanded by the Houfe of Com- 

* mons at the Bar of the Lords' Houfe, who 
' rtrfufed to confent to this or that Propofition 
'which had been in Debate before them; and 
'tumultuous Petitions countenanced, which have 
' been prefented to that fame Purpofe : That the 
' Members of both Houfes have been imprifoned, 
' and forbid to be prefent at thofe Councils, for 
'no Reafons but becaufe their Opinion hath not 
' been liked : That our negative Voice (our greateft 

* and moft fovereign Privilege) is boldly denied : 
' That a prefumptuous Attempt hath been made, 
' by the major Part of the remaining Part of the 
' Houfe of Commons, to make our Great Seal of 
' England ; the making of which, by the exprefs 
' Letter of the Law, is High Treafon, and would 
' fubvert the antient and fundamental Adminiftra- 
' tion of Juftice : That, at this Time, we and 
' the major Part of both Houfes are kept, by a 

* ftrong and rebellious Army, from being prefent 


Of E N G L A N D. 309 

( at that Council ; and that thofe who are pref nt An. 19. Car. I. 

* are, by the lame Army, awed and forced to take l6 43- 
' unlawful and trealbnable Proteftations to engage 

*, their Votes : And that fuch Refolutions and Di- 

* regions, which concern the Property and Liberty 
' of the Subjects, are tranfadted and concluded 

* by a few Perfons, (under the Name of a Clofe 

* Committee, conftfling of the Earl of Manche- 

* Jler^ the Lord Say, Mr. Pymme, Mr. Hampden 9 

* Mr. Straudy Mr. Martin, and others, the whole 
' Number not exceeding the Number of feventeen 
' Perfons) without reporting the fame to the Houfes, 

* or having the fame confirmed by the Houfes, 
' contrary to the exprefs Law and Cuftoms of Par- 

* Jiament. 

4 All thefe, for the Matter of Faft, we are ready 
' to make Proof of, and defire nothing but to bring 

* the Contrivers of all the aforefaid Mifchiefs to 
' their Trial by Law ; and, till that be fubmitted 

* to, we muft purfue them by Arms or any other 
' Way, in which our good Subjects ought to give 

* us Afiiftance to that Purpole : The imagining 

* the Death of us, our Royal Confort, or our 
' eldeft Son ; the levying War againft us in our 

* Realm ; giving to them Aid or Comfort; the 
' Counterfeiting our Great Seal or Money, be- 

* ing, by the exprefs Words of the Statute of the 
' twenty-fifth Year of Edward III. Cap. 2. High 
' Treafon : And how applicable this is to thofe 
' who have borne Arms againft us, and to thofe 
' who have confented that fuch Arms be borne ; 
' to thofe who have promifed to live and die with 

* the Earl of EJJex, and to thofe who every Day 
' confent to fome A6t for the Support and In- 
creafe of that Army, we fhall leave to all the 
' World to judge ; and hope that this gracious 
' Warning and Information, now given by us, 

* will make that Impreflion in the Hearts of our 

* People, that they will no longer fuffer them- 

* felves to be mifled from their Duty and Allegi- 

* ance upon any Pretences whatfoever ; and we 

U 3 do 

3 1 o The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. l.c do declare, That we fhall proceed with all Se- 
' verity againft all Ped'ons whatfoever, who fhaH 
' June?" 1 ' ' henceforward affift, vote, or concur in any Kind 
' toward the Maintenance and Countenancing luch 
' Adions and Refolutions, which, by the known 
' and exprefs Laws of the Land, are High Treafon ; 

* and againit all thofe who fhall adhere to them, 
' who are in Rebellion againit us, as againft Re- 
' bels and Traitors, in fuch Manner as by the 

* Laws and Statutes of the Realm is directed and 

* appointed. 

' And fince, by the Power of feditious Perfons, we 

* and both Joules are kept from being fecur'd againft 

* tumultuous AfTemblies, and both Houfes from Ad- 

* journment to fome Place of Safety ; which, being 
' done, might quickly make an End of thefe mife- 

* rable Difti actions, whereby we are debarred from 

* the Benefit and Advice, we expected from that our 

* Great Council, the Members thereof being fcat- 

* terM into feveral Places : Therefore, that the whole 

* Kingdom may fee that we are willing to receive 

* Advice from thpfe who are trufted by them, tho" 
c we cannot receive the fame in the Place to which 

* they were called, for the Reafons aforefaid, nor in- 

* tend to receive Advice from them elfevvhere in the 

* Capacity of Houfes of Parliament : We do here- 
bv oeclare, That fuch of the Members of both 

* Houfes, as well thofe who have been, by the Fac- 
' tion of the Malignant Party, expelled for pcrform- 

* ing their Duties to us, and into whole Rooms no 

* Perfons have been fince chofen by their Countries, 

* as the reit who fhall defire our Protection, fhall 

* be welcome to us at our City of Oxford; untill, 
' by the Adjournment of the Houfes to fome fit and 

* free Place, or other wife, due Cotirfe be taken for 

* the tull and free Convention in Parliament of us 
^ * and all the Members of both Houfes : And for 

* their better Encouragement to refort to us, we 
' hereby will and command all the Officers and 
c Soldiers of our Army to fufter all fuch Perfons who 
\are Members of cither Houfe, with their Attend- 

* ants 

Of ENGLAND. 311 

c ants and Servants, to come to us to this our City An. ig. Car. I. 
6 of Oxford. ' 

* And that none of our good Subjects may believe 
' that, by this our neceflary Declaration againft the 

* Freedom and Liberty of that prefent Aflembly, 
' we may have the leaft Intention to violate or to 

* avoid any Act or Acts parted by us for the Good 

* and Benefit of our People this Parliament, we 
6 do hereby declare to all the World, That we fhall, 
' as we have often promifed, as inviolably obferve 

* all thofe Acts, as if no fuch unhappy Interruption 
' had happened in the Freedom and Liberty of that 
' Council : And defire nothing more than to have 
' fuch a free Convention in Parliament, that we may 
' add fuch further Acts of Grace as (hall be thought 

* necefTary for the Advancement of the true Prote- 
' ftant Religion, for the Maintenance of the Liberty 
' and Property of the Subjects, and the Prefervation 
' of the Liberty, Freedom, and Privileges of Parlia- 

* ment. 

* And that all the World may fee how willing 
' and defirous we are to forget all the Injuries and 

* Indignities offered to us by fuch who have been 
' milled through Weaknefs or Fear, or who have 

* not been the principal Contrivers of the prefent 

* Miferies, we do offer a free and general Par- 
' don to all the Members of either Houfe (except 
Robert Earl of EJJex, Robert Earl of Warwick, 
' Edward Earl of Manchefier^ Henry Earl of Stam- 
' ford^ William Vifcount Say and Sele^ Sir John Ho- 

* tham, Knt. and Bart. Sir Arthur Hafilrigge^ Bart. 

* Sir Henry Lndlow^ Sir Edward Hunger f or d^ and 
'Sir Francis Popham, Knights; Nathaniel Fiennes, 

* John Hampden, John Pymme, William Stroud^ 
' Henry Martyn, and Alexander Popham^ Efquires j 
' Ifaac Pennington, Alderman of London^ and Capt. 
e Fen ; who, being the principal Authors of thefe 

* prefent Calamities, have facrifked the Peace and 
' Profpemy of their Country to their own Pride, Ma- 
' lice, and Ambition ; and againft whom we (hall 
c proceed, as againft Perfons s^Uty of HigliTreafon, 


3 r 2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I.' by the known Laws of the Land ; and fhall, in 

* the Proceeding, be moft careful to preferve to 
' them all Privileges in the fulleft Manner that, by 
' the Law or the Ufage of former Times, is due to 

* them) if they (ball, within ten Days after the pub- 

* lifhing of this our Proclamation, return to their 
' Duty and Allegiance to us. 

* And, laftly, we further command and enjoin 
' all our Subjects, upon their Allegiance to us, as 

* they will anfwer the contrary to Almighty God, 
and as they define that they and their Poftcrity 
' (hould be freed from the foul Taint of High Trea- 

* fon, and as they tender the Peace of this King- 

* dom, That thev prefume not to give any Affift- 

* ance to the before mentioned rebellious Armies, 

* in their Perfons or Eftates in any Sort whatfo- 

* ever ; but join with us, according to their Duty 
c and the Laws of the Land, to fupprefs this horrid 
e Rebellion. 

' And ourPleafure and Command is, That this our 
' Proclamation be read in all Churches and Chapels 

* within this our Kingdom.' 

Given at oar Court at Oxford the 2Cth Day of June, 
in the nineteenth Year of our Reign. 

After reading this Proclamation the Lords agreed, 
thfllorTo'n the That t declared this Parliament to be no true Par- 
foregoing Procla- liament j and that the King would not receive what- 
matioa, foever came to him from them ; thereupon they re- 

folved to communicate this to the Commons, at a 
Conference, and appointed a Committee of four 
Lords to confider of the Senfe of this Houfe, to be 
delivered on this Occafion ; as alfo to draw up a pro- 
per Anfwer to the Proclamation. Soon after the 
Lord Say and Sele, from this Committee, brought 
in the following : 

* The Lords do apprehend that the foregoing 
Proclamation, whereby this Parliament is declared 
to be no free Parliament, and the People are re- 
quired not to look upon the Votes or Actions of 


Of E N G L A N D. 313 

the Perfons now remaining as upon the two Houfes An, 19. Car. I. 
of Parliament, is deftructive as to the prefent Par- 
liment and all Acts therein, fo alfo to the efta- v ~ 
blifhcd Government of this Kingdom ; which De- 
claration being maintained and purfued by Force, 
the Lords do conceive themfelves bound to defend 
this prefent Parliament, and to maintain the Free- 
dom thereof, with their Lives and Fortunes, and 
are reiblved fo to do. They think it fit alfo, that 
a Declaration be made to that Purpofe to all the 
Kingdom, and to invite therein all Englijhmen^ 
both of the Nobility, Gentry, and Commons, to 
join with them, affuring fuch as fhall do fo, that 
they fhall be embraced and received into the Pro- 
tection of the Parliament, and acknowledged as 
thofe who have done a good Service to the State ; 
except it be fuch Perfons who (hall appear to be 
the Contrivers of thefe deftructive Counfels, thofe 
to be named and excepted in the Declaration ; and 
to this End to defire, that a Committee of both 
Houfes may be named to meet to draw up the De- 
claration, their Lordfhips being refolved to name 
four Lords for that Purpofe. 

The Parliament had difpatched a Meflenger into 
Scotland, fome Time fince, to bring over the Scots 
to their Intereft; and, this Day, ( June 27 ) they 
thought proper to fend another on the fame Bufi- 
nefs, who was to acquaint them with their prefent 
State and Condition ; and that, after being long en- 
tertained with Treaties and Proportions for Peace, 
they were fruftrated by the prevailing Party of Pa- 
pifts and other ill-affected Perfons about the King : 
That they commended this great Caufe to the 
Chriftian Wifdom and brotherly Affection of the 
Scots Nation and State, to confider how, by their 
concurrent Advice and Affiftance, the Fadtion of 
Papifts, Bifhops, and other Malignants of this King- 
dom, might be fupprefs'd ; the Ruin of Religion 
and Liberty here prevented, and thereby their own 
better preferved and eftablifhed. With thefe, and 


3 1 4 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. many more Inftru&iona, Mr. Corbet fet out, on 
t l64 ^ t this fecond Embaffy into Scotland j the Confequence 
Iun7 f which w ill f on 2 PP e ar. 

This Day alfo the EfTed of a Conference, on 
the King's laft Proclamation, was reported to the 
Lords by their Speaker, which was, 

fcropofals from * That the Houfe of Commons had confidered 
the Commons attheir Lordfhips Senfe, delivered at the late Con- 
mConferencc f ere nce, touching the King's Proclamation, wherein 
rcupon ' they agree with their Lordfhips in every Par- 
ticular ; and as they apprehend their Lordmips In- 
tentions to be real in what they have refolved, fo 
the Houfe of Commons defire that their Lordfhips 
would make good their real Intentions, by real De- 
monftrations, that it may appear fo to the King- 

' And, to the End that their Lordfliips may bet- 
ter carry on their Refolutions, and have the fitter 
Means of Support for the fame, the Houfe of Com- 
mons have thought proper to offer fome Parti- 
culars to their Lordfhips Confideration : 

1. * That their Lordfhips would pleafe to join 
with the Houfe of Commons in the Propofitions for 
the making a new Gre^t Seal, to prevent the Abufes 
of it; fuch as was the lealing the Commifiion 
for the horrid Defign againft the Parliament and 
the City of London ; and alfo becaufe, by the 
making a new Great Seal, Juftice fhall be the 
better adminiftred to the Kingdom, and the People 
will be the more dependent upon the Parliament : 
Whereas now they are forced to go to Oxford for 
the Difpatch of their Affairs, which otherwife they 
would not ; and alfo their Lordmips will be the 
more enabled to do that for the Maintenance of the 
Parliament, and the Freedom and Liberty thereof, 
which otherwife they cannot. 

2. ' The Houfe of Commons defire their Lord- 
(hips to give Order, that Proclamation may iflue 
out to fummon the Queen to anfwer the Impeach- 
ment, according to the Articles ; and the Houfe of 
Commons make this Obfervation, That though 

Of E N G L A N D. 315 

the King's Councils have flown very high in the An. 19. Car. I. 
Contempt of this Parliament, yet they never pre- 1643- 
fumed to declare it to be None, till the Queen was 
impeached ; therefore the Houfe of Commons think 
it fit to proceed againft her, to (hew their Love to 
Juftice, and to let them fee that the Parliament 
{brinks not from their Duty, notwithftanding this 
Proclamation ; and alfo becaufe the World may fee 
what Reafon they have to charge the Queen ; and 
thofe that have Dependence upon the Queen's Ways, 
Defigns, and Counfels, may be weaken'd and de- 
terred from their Dependence on her, and acting her 

3. To take off the Impreflion that this Procla- 
mation may make in foreign Parts, the Houfe of 
Commons defire their Lordfhips to fend the Com- 
miffioners into Scotland fpeedily, and to refolve to 
fend Agents abroad to other States, whereby the 
Imputations will be taken away which are laid upon 
the Parliament by the King's Minifters ; alfo that 
the Aid expected by the King from foreign Parts 
may be prevented, and Trade fecured, which they 
have endeavoured to moleft. 

4. c To defire their Lordmips will take into Con- 
fideration the two Ordinances fent up to them by the 
Houfe of Commons. 

' The firft, concerning Intelligence held with 
Oxford and the King's Army ; the other, concern- 
ing the lifting of Horfes. 

1. ' That the Freedom of Intercourfe hath been 
a Means to fupply the King both with Money and 

2. * That it gives Opportunity to make great 
Factions in the City, to corrupt the Well-affected 
to the Parliament, and to effect many dangerous 
Practices and Confpiracies, to the Hazard of the 
whole Kingdom. 

3. tt acquaints the Enemy with all our Defigns, 
Preparations, and Convoys. 

4. * It is contrary to all Rules and Grounds of 


316 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. < Concerning lifting of Horfes; it will be a Means 
1_ *-'^f t0 furm *k the P ar li ament witn a Body of Horfe upon 
June. a ^ Occafions, l preferve the City and reinforce the 

5. ' The Houfe of Commons conceive that the 
King, by his Proclamation, as Jar as in him lies, 
hath difabled the Parliament to offer any Petition, 
and prefent any humble Advice to him, in Quality 
of both Houfes of Parliament, and that he will not 
receive any fuch in that Capacity; which Confi- 
deration the Houfe of Commons prefents to their 
Lord (hips, as an Anfwer for not joining with their 
Lordfhips in that Petition, which their Lordfhips 
propofed to them to be delivered to the King for 
Peace, which yet depends unpafs'd. 

6. * The Houfe of Commons defire their Lord- 
ihips to join with them in an Oath to be drawn, 
to be taken by all Commanders and Officers in 
the Army ami Fleet, and by Keepers of Forts 
and Caftles, and by other public Officers in the 
Army; whereby they lhall be bound to maintain 
and defend the two Houfes of Lords and Com- 
mons, in this prefent Parliament, and faithfully to 
difcharge the Truft committed to them by both 
Houfes of Parliament, againft all Authority what- 

The Lords taking the Report of this Conference 
into Confideration, ordered, That a Committee of 
their Houfe fhould meet with the Committee of 
the Houfe of Commons on Thurfday next in the 
Afternoon, in the Prince's Lodgings, to draw up 

a Declaration upon the King's Proclamation. 

Touching the Jilting of Horfes; the Lords thought 
fit that the Thing fliould be done, but not in the 
Way as the Ordinance was then drawn ; therefore 
appointed another Committee to meet this After- 
noon, to confider of the drawing up another Ordi- 
nance for that Purpofe. And touching the Or- 
dinance to prevent Intelligence, and fending of 
Letters to the King's Army, the Lords refolved to 
abide by their foxmer Refolution of rejecting it ; 


Of E N G L A N D. 317 

and appointed a Committee to draw up fome Rea-An 
ions to be offered to the Houfe of Commons for the 

June 29. A Petition from the Earl of Portland 
to the Lords was read, fhewing, 

CfHAT be was committed Prifoner in ike City, A Petition from 
f rf, B,W V ,/Auguft/*/ ,at the l***iSZ 

Houfe of Commons , upon fame bujpicions and Jealou- on Account of 
fies they had of him; where he continued fix Months,ti& late Plot, 
almoft to the Ruin of his whole EJlate. 

That be is now made a Prifoner upon the fame 
Grounds, and at the fame Requeft ; but, as he con- 
ceives, without any Charge brought up again/} him . 
IFhereby, and by what Mr. Waller hath threatened 
him with fence be was imprifoned, he doth apprehend 
a very fad, long, and ruinous Rejlraint, all bis 
Goods being already taken out of his Power, which 
were the only Means he had for the prefent Subjiftence 
of his Family. 

He therefore humbly prays the Lords* That he may 
not find the Effects of Mr. Waller'* Threats, by a 
long and clofe Imprifonment ; but that he may be 
fpefdily brought to a legal Trial before them ; and 
then he is confident the Vanity and Faljhood of thefe 
Informations, which have been given to the Houfe of 
Commons againft the Petitioner, will appear both to 
their Lordjhips and to them ; and he /hall have the 
Teftimony of having ever borne a very faithful Heart 
to his Country. 

And for this he (ball ever pray, &c. 


The Lords taking Notice of the Expreflions in 
the Petition, about Mr. Waller's Threats to the 
Earl, ordered, That they fhould be both examined, 
Face to Face, the next Day j to which the .Com- 
mons allb agreed. 


318 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. The Earl of Northumberland was another Perfofl 
the Commons accufed as having fome Knowledge 
of the late Plot ; and this Day the Commons fent 
up to the Lords to have him examined forthwith. 
The Commons The Earl being in the Houfe defired the fame 
defue the Earl of Thing, that fo, as he faid, his Innocency might 
Hortbumbtriand f OO ner appear, and he not lie longer under a Jea- 

jway be examined , r r f- i_ j _v i 

touching that lou fy > wmch was done accordingly. 


July I. The Earl of Manchejler, from the Com- 
mittee appointed to take Examinations in the above 
Affair, reported what Difcourfe the Earl of Port~ 
land had lately with Mr. Waller. 

Mr. Thinn, the Ufher of the Houfe of Lords, 
depofed, * That on the 2ift ult. whilft he ftaid to 
fee whether Mr. Alderman Atkins would receive 
the Lord Portland, Mr. Waller came to fpeak to 
his Lordfliip, as he conceived. The Alderman 
carried them into an upper Room, and, when they 
came down again, Lord Portland came into the 
Parlour, and faid thefe, or the like Words, Pray 
do me the Favour to tell my Lord Northumberland, 
that Mr. Waller has extremely preffed me to fave 
my own Life and his, by cafting the Guilt or Blame 
upon the Lord Conway and the Earl of Northum- 

The Lord Lovelace alfo teftified, but not upon 
Oath, ' That he went to the Earl of Portland on 
Monday laft ; and, after he had been there a while, 
the Earl fhewed Alderman Atkins's Wife a Petition; 
and, when fhe had read it, the Earl fhewed it to 
him ; and he remembers that, in the fame Petition, 
there was this Claufe, That Mr. Waller defired 
him to fave himfelf and him, by laying the Blame on 
the two other Lords as before' 

Thefe Testimonies, with the Earl of Portlands 
own Examination, which is not entered in the 
'Journals, were ordered to be written out and de- 
livered to Mr. Pymme, or any of the Committee 
of the Houfe of Commons, by Direction of the 


Of E N G L A N D. 319 

The fame Day the Speaker acquainted the Lords, An, 19. Car. I, 
that he had received a Letter from th'e Lord- Gene- 
ral j which was read as follows : 

My Lord, 

QlNCE the Coming of the Army to this Place, the A Letter from 
Unfeafonablenefs of the Weather y and fame '^SngSd. 
Accidents i hath prevented many Things which I pur- v ice of Parlia- 
pofed to have attempted^ had God feen it fit ; 
therefore 1 much defer e that fame of the Lords of your 
Houfe might be fent down^ together with fame of the 
Commons^ that we may debate Things of great NeceJJity 
to be confedered of ; which I muft defer e may be done 
with all pojjible Speed ; that, upon a Refult of what 
may be offered^ you may receive full Satisfaction of 
our Condition ; which I leave to the Wifdom of the 
Houfe > refting 

Your Lordftiip's 

Thame, June 30, 

l6 43- Faithful Servant, 


A Conference being defired, and held, between 
the two Houfes, on the Subject of this Letter, the 
Refult of it was, That the Lords named the Earl 
of Holland and the Lord Grey of Werk to go, with 
a proportionable Number of the Commons, to the 
General : But the next Day of Meeting, July 3, 
the faid Lords being returned, reported to the 
Houfe, That they fet out on their Journey, and 
got as far as Ayleflury, where they met with an- 
other Letter from the Lord -General, informing 
them that the King's Forces were abroad that 
Way ; and therefore advifing them not to proceed 
any further. 

July 4. In the Houfe of Commons, this Day, 
Mr. Waller was brought to the Bar, in order to 
anfwer to his Charge for being concerned in the 
Jate Plot j when his Examinations and Confeflions 

3 2 o The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. L were fhewauntoJiim, who acknowledged them all 

^ 1 _ 43 ' to be true. r Then being told by the Speaker, if he 

j ujy< had any Thing more to fay, either as to the Plot, 

or for himfelf, he had Leave to do fo, he made the 

following Speech to the Houfe *. 

Mr. Speaker, 

Mr. Waller's T Acknowledge it a great Mercy of God, and a 
o^Delence', 5 \- reat Favour from you, that I am, once more, 
concerning the fuftered to behold this Honourable Aflembly, 
late Wot. < I mean not to make ufe of it to lay any Thing 

in my own Defence, by Juftification or Denial of 
\vhat I have done. I have already confefled enough 
to make me appear worthy, not only to be put out 
of this Houfe, but out of the World too. All my 
humble Requeft to you is, that, if I feem to you as 
unworthy to live as I do to myfelf, I may have the 
Honour to receive my Death from your own Hands, 
and not to be expofed to a Trial by the Council of 
War : Whatever you mail think me worthy to fuf- 
fer in a Parliamentary Way, is not like to find Stop 
any where elfe. 

* This, Sir, I hope you will be pleafed, for your 
own Sakes, to grant me ; who am already fo mi- 
ferable, that nothing can be added to my Cala- 
mity but to be made the Occafion of creating a 
Precedent to your own Difadvantage : Befides the 
Right I may have to this, confider, I befeech you, 
that the Eyes of the World are upon you. You, 
govern in Chief, and if you (hould expofe your 
own Members to the Punifhment of others, it will 
be thought that you either want Power, or Leifure, 
to chaftife them yourfelves ; nor let any Man de- 
fpife the ill Confequence of fuch a Precedent, as 
this would be, becaufe he feeth not prefently the 
Inconveniences which may enfue : You have many 
Armies on Foot, and it is uncertain how long you 


* From the Original Edition printed by G. Dexter, and licenced 
by Job* Wbite. 

Lord Clarendon, after giving a very long and particular Narrative of 
this Affair, remarks, ' That Mr. ff'j/leraid as much owe the keeping 
hi< Head to this Oration, as Catalint did the Loft of his to thole of 

Of E N G L A N D. 321 

may have Occafion to ufe them. Soldiers and An. 19. Car. I. 
Commanders (though I know well they of the Par- l6 43- 
liament's Army excell no lefs in Modefty than 
they do in Courage) are generally of a Nature ready 
to pretend to the utmoft Power of this Kind, which 
they conceive to be due to them ; and may be too 
apt, upon any Occafion of Difcontent, to make 
ufe of f'ich a Precedent as this. In this very Par- 
liament you have not been without fome Taite of 
the Experience hereof ; it is now fomewhat more 
than two Years fince you had an Army in the 
North, paid and directed by yourfelves ; and yet 
you may be pleafed to remember there was a con- 
iiderable Number of Officers in that Army, which 
joined in a Petition, or Remonftrance, to this Houfe, 
taking Notice of what fome of the Members had 
faid here, as they fuppofed, to their Difadvantaa;e, 
and did little lefs than require them of you. 'Tis 
true, there had been fome Tampering with them ; 
but what has happened at one Time, may wifely 
be thought poffible to fall out again at another. 

' Sir, I prefume but to point you out the Danger : 
If it be not juft, I know you will not do me the 
Wrong to expofe me to this Trial ; if it be juft, 
your Army may another Time require the fame 
Juilice of you in their .own Behalf, againft fome 
other Member, whom, perhaps, you would be lefs 
willing to part with. Neceffity has, of late, forced 
you into untrodden Paths ; and, in fuch a Cafe as 
this, where you have no Precedent of your own, 
you may not do amifs to look abroad upon other 
States and Senates, which exercife the Supreme 
Power, as you now do here. 

' I dare confidently fay you (hall find none, either 
antient or modern, which ever expofed any of their 
own Order to be tried for his Life, by the Officers 
of their Armies abroad, for what he did while he 
refided among them in the Senate. 

' Among the Romans the PradHce was fo con- 
trary, that fome inferior Officers in their Army, 
far from the City, having been fentenced bv their 

VOL. XII. X ' Ge- 

322 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I.General or Commander in Chief, asdefeiving Death 
l6 43^ by their Difcipline of War, have neverthelefs (be- 
* ~*~ ' caufe they were Senators) appealed thither, and 
Juy ' the Caufe has received a new Hearing in the Se- 

' Not to ufe more Words to perfuade you to 
take heed that you wound not yourfelves, through 
my Sides, in violating the Privileges belonging: to 
your own Perfons, 1 fhall humbly defire you to 
conlider likewife the Nature of my Offence ; (not 
but that I (hould be much afhamed to fay any 
Thing in Diminution thereof : God knows 'tis 
horrid enough for the Evil it might have occafi- 
oned) but if you look near it, it may, perhaps, 
appear to be rather a Civil than a Martial Crime, 
and fo to have Title to a Trial at the Common 
Law of the Land : There may, juftly, be fome 
Difference put between me and others in this Bu- 

' I have had nothing to do with the other Army, 
or any Intention to begin the Offer of Violence to 
any Body ; it was only a civil Pretence to that 
which I then, foolifhly, conceived to be the Right 
of the Subject. I humbly refer it to your Confi- 
derations, and to your Confciences. 1 know you 
will take Care not to fhed that Blood by the Law 
of War, which hath a Right to be tried by the 
Law of Peace. 

' Ifor fo much as concerns myfelf and my Part 
in this Bufinefs, (if I were worthy to have any 
Thing fpoken, or patiently heard, in my Behalf) 
this might truly be faid, That I made not this 
Bufinefs, but found it ; it was in other Men's Hands 
long before it was brought to me ; and when it 
came, I extended it not, but reftrained it. For the 
Propofitions of letting in Part of the King's Army, 
or offering Violence to the Members of this Houfe, 
I ever difallowed, and utterly rejected them. 

' What it was that moved me to entertain Dif- 
courfe of this Bufinefs, fo far as I did, I will teJl 
you ingenuoufly j and that rather as a Warning 


Of ENGLAND. 323 

Far others, than it makes any Thing for myfelf ; it An. 19. Car. I. 
v/as only an Impatience of the Inconveniences of 1< '43 
the prefent War, looking on Things with a carnal ^^^^ 
Eye, and not minding that which chiefly, if not ^ y * 
only, ought to have been confidered, the ineftimable 
Value of the Caufe you have in Hand, the Caufe 
of God and of Religion ; and the Neceflities you are 
forced upon for the Maintenance of the fame. As 
a juft Punifhment for this Neglect, it pleafed God 
to defert me and fuffer me, with a fatal Blindnefs, 
to be led on and engaged in fuch Counfels as were 
"wholly difproportioned to the reft of my Life. This, 
Sir, my own Confcience tells me, was the Caufe 
of my Falling, and not Malice, or any ill Habit 
of Mind or Difpofition towards the Common- 
wealth, or to the Parliament : For from whence 
fhould I have it ? If you look on my Birth you 
will not find it in my Blood : I am of a Stock 
which hath borne you better Fruit. If you look 
on my Education, it hath been almoft from my 
Childhood in this Houfe, and amongft the beft Sort 
of Men; and for the -whole Practice of my Life, 
till this Time, if another were to fpeak for me, 
he might reafonably fay, That neither my Actions 
out of Parliament, nor my Expreflions in it, have 
favoured of Diflaffeclion or Malice to the Liberties 
of the People or Privileges of Parliament. 

4 Thus, Sir, I have fet before your Eyes both 
my Perfon and my Cafe ; wherein I mall make no 
fuch Defence by denying or extenuating any Thing 
I have done, as ordinary Delinquents do. My 
Addrefs to you, and all my Plea, lhall only be 
fuch as Children ufe to their Parents, 1 have of- 
fended, I confefs it. I never did any Thing like 
it before. It is a Paflage unfuitable to the whole 
Courfe of my Life befide ; and for the Time to 
come, as God, that can bring Light out of Dark- 
nefs, hath made this Bufmefs in the Event ufeful 
to you, fo alfo hath he to me : You have by it 
made an happy Difcovery of your Enemies, and I 
ef myfelf and the evil Principles I walked by ; fo 
X 2 that 

324 77^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. that if you look either on what I have been hereto- 

1643. fore, or what I now am, and by God's Grace 

^ -v ' affifting me, I fliarll always continue to be, you 

J uly may perhaps think me fit to be an Example of your 

Compaflion and Clemency. 

4 Sir, I lhall no fooner leave you, but my Life 
will depend on your Breath ; and not that alone, 
but the Subfiftence of fome that are more innocent. 
I might therefore fhevv you my Children, whom 
the Rigour of your Juftice would make compieat 
Orphans, being already motherleis. I.might fhew 
you a Family, wherein there are fome unworthy 
to have their Share in that Mark of Infamy which 
now threatens me : But fomething there is, which 
if I could {hew you, would move you more than 
all this ; it is my Heart, which abhors what I have 
done more, and is more fevere to itfelf, than the 
fevered Judge can be. A Heart, Mr. Speaker, fo 
awakened by this Affliction, and fo intirely devoted 
to the Caufe you maintain, that I earneftly defire 
of God to incline you fo to difpofe of me, whether 
for Life or Death, as may moft conduce to the 
Advancement thereof; 

' Sir, not to trouble you any longer, if I die I 
fliall die praying for you ; if I live I fhall live 
ferving you ; and render you back the Ufe and 
Employment of all thofe Days you fhall add to my 

The Commons After this Speech, Mr. Waller having withdrawn, 
expel him, and he was called in again j and, being by the Speaker 
he is condemned required thereto, gave the Houfe an exact Account 

heCOUndl how he came firft to the Knowledge of this Bufi- 
nefs ; as alfo what Lords were acquainted there- 
with, or had engaged themfelves therein. Not- 
withftanding which he was expelled (he Houfe ; 
and fo being left to the Council of War, as all 
the reft of the Confpirators had been, he was con- 
demned to die. But Mr. l^bitlocke tells us, * That 
the Lord-General granted him a Reprieve; and, 
after a Year's Imprifonment, and paying a Fine of 
10,0007. he was difeharged, and travelled into 


Of ENGLAND. 325 

France.'' Mr. Tonkins and Mr. Chaloner were An; 19. Car. I. 
hanged. l6 43- 

The Houfe of Commons had received Informa- 
tion of fome Deiign of betraying Huil to the King, 
in which the famous Sir John Hotbam and his Son information of 
were concerned : And, this Day, they fent Si^J^tSdin 
William Strickland up to the Lords with a Meffageto deliver up 
and feveral intercepted Letters from the aforefaid^^^'teKins. 
Sir John and his Son ; in Confideration of which, 
he faid, the Commons had come to fome Refolu- 
tions for the better fecuring and preferving that 
Fortrefs ; which were thefe : 

' That Sir William Strickland and Mr. Hatcher^ 
Members of their Houfe, with the Mayor of the 
Town of Hull and Sir Mattheiu Boynton, fhould 
be appointed a Committee for the Government of 
Hull; and that the former two fliould go down 
forthwith to take it upon thqjn : That Sir Matthew 
Roynton fhould be appointed Colonel of the Gar- 
rifon in that Town, and recommended to the Ge- 
neral for a Commiffion for that Purpofe. Sir Henry 
Vane, jun. and Peregrine Pelham^ Efq; Members 
for Hull, \vith Sir William Allanfon, were alfo ad- 
ded ;' to all which the Lords agreed, with the Ad- 
dition of Sir Philip Stapylton and Sir William Con- 
Jiable to this Commiffion. 

In this Meflage alfo the Commons again prefTed 
the Lords to confent to the making of a new GreatTj, e commons 
Seal, becaufe, they faid, the Kingdom was notorder a new 
able to fubfift without it ; but the Lords let them Great Seal tof * 
know, That they adhered, in this, to their former ma e> 
Refolution ; which, when the Commons under- 
frood, they refolved to give Orders for making a new 
Great Seal themfelves, and appointed a Committee 
to lee it done with all Speed : But they made no 
Ufe of it till the Lords gave their Confent the I2th 
of Oftober following. The Form of it was, a Re- 
prefentation of the Houfe of Commons, the Mem- 
bers fitting, on one Side; and the Arms of England 
and Ireland on the other. 

X 3 July 

326 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 19. Car. I. J u ty 5 . The Commons having had Information 
of the iU Succefs of the Lord Fairfax in the North, 
and that the Earl of Newcajile had entirely routed 
his Forces at Atherton-Moor, near Bradford, were in 
great Confirmation : And, this Day, at a Con- 
w ference the C mm on s communicated this bad 

cajile ' News to the Lords ; earneftly prefling them to no- 

minate a Committee of their Houfe, to go forth- 

Whereupon the with into Scotland, and to defire the Scots Nation 

Lords agree to to f enc j ^id and Afliftance into England againft the 
'"'Papifts and others, now in Arms to deftroy the Pro- 
teftant Religion and the Liberty of this Kingdom. 
The Lords agreed to this, and ordered the Lord 
Grey of IPerk to attend the Houfe the next Morn- 
ing for that Purpofe. 

Little elfe, of Moment, occurs in the "Journals* 
till this Day, 'July 10, when we meet with an 
Ordinance of Indemnity for thofe Gentlemen that 
fecured Sir John Hotham, his Son, &c. which was 
re,ad, and agreed to, in thefe Words : 

Ah Tndemnifka- "T T| THereas Thomas Raikes, Mayor of ////, 
fon" ^oncerred'" ' VV Sir Matthew Boynton, Knight and Ba- 
in fecuring Sir ' ronet, Sir William St. Quintin, Bart. Sir Richard 
John Hot bam < Darley, Sir John Bourchier, and Sir I 'Vi lit am Al~ 
nd his SOD. t lanfon, Knights, Lancelot Rof>er ? Nicholas Den* 
'man, John ^Barnard, and William Popple , Al- 
' dermen, John Penrofe, Gent, and Robert John- 
' fan, Clerk, did receive Information that there 
' was a Defign for the betraying the Town of 

* Hull, which, in their Opinion, could not be 
' prevented but by a fpeedy feizing of the Block- 
'* Houfes, and other Places of Strength in the Town, 
' and alfo of the Perfons of Sir John Hotham, Sir 

* Edward Rhodes, and Capt. Hotham : And where- 
' as accordingly they, with others, feized on the 

* faid Places of Strength, for the Prefervatidn of the 

* faid Town, and alfo the Perfons of the faid Sir 
' John Hotham, Sir Edward Rhodes, and Capt Ho- 

* lham, and the Treafury, Plate, Trunks, Writings, 


Of E N G L A N D. 327 

* and other Things of the faid Sir John Hotbam and An - *9- 

* Capt. Hot/jam, to be in fafe Cuftody till farther 
4 Directions from the Parliament : 

4 And whereas the faid Mayor of ////, Sir 
( Matthew Boyaton^ and the reft of the Perfons 

* firft above-named, did iflue out their Warrants 
' and Directions, commanding Captain Scartb to 
' march from Scarbrougb with his Soldiers, Arms, 
4 and Ammunition he had there, to Beverley^ for 
the Defence of that Place, and of the Goods 
' there of Confequence, to be preferred in Beverley 

* tili further Directions from the Parliament : 

' And whereas they did illue out their Warrants 
4 and Directions to divers other Captains for to 
4 march with their Soldiers from Hull to Beverley , 
4 for the Defence of that Place : 

4 The Lords and Commons do declare, that it 

* was an acceptable Service to the Kingdom and 
4 Parliament, in the faid Mayor of Hull, Sir Mat- 
4 thew -Boynton, and the reft of the Gentlemen 
4 above-named, and all that others have done here- 
4 in ; and that the Lords and Commons will keep 
4 them, and all others that have aflitted them there- 
4 in, indemnified and faved harmlefs.' 

'July ii. A Letter to the Speaker, from the 
Lord-General, was read to the Houfe of Lords, 
defining to have 500 Horfe fcnt him, prefently, to 
recruit his Army, and 200 Horfe a Month provided 
for the fame Purpofe ; as likewife a Magazine of 
Saddles and Horfe- Arms. Another Letter of a 
later Date, from the General, was alfo read ; which 
is inserted } at Length, in the Journals, and is as 
follows : 

My Lord, 

7 Would now have given you the true Relation 0/rheEarl rfEf- 
* the Skirmifl) on Sunday //?, between fame ofourfe^s Letter, f e t- 
Herfe and the Enemy's, near Buckingham ; but Sir^ 5? *S 

i-jL-i- c i i s* i f** i / tf diflrefTrd Condi- 

Philip Stapykon and Col, Goodwin being wen />0tionof his Army. 

the Place t L refer the Relation thereof unto them. 


328 ffle Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. Since when, being informed that the King had fent 
, "* i more Forces to Buckingham, to maintain that Placc y 
July" bring tbofe Parts into Contribution, and give us Bat- 
tie there : Hereupon I advanced with the Army to- 
wards that Town ; where the Enemy Jiaid till the 
Army came within two Miles of them, and then made 
Hafle away towards Banbury ; notwithjianding they 
bad perfuaded the People, that they would not quit 
the Place till they had beat me out of the Country. 
1 then, under/landing that they were fled, held it not 
fit to go to the Town with my Army, but fent Col. 
Middleton with fame Horfe to clear the Town and 
Coajf, which he did ; and then advifed where to 
quarter with moft Convenience to our Army, and mcft 
ready for the Enemy, the Queen's Forces being like 
to join with them very fuddenly. 

That our Army might the better fecure the Parlia- 
ment and the City of London, and the Counties ad- 
jacent, and be more fafely fupplied with Money from 
London, and lie mojl conveniently to join with the 
Forces with the Lord Grey, in Northamptonftiire, 
1 did march to Great Brickhill, as the moft fit Place 
for all Purpofes. 

The Enemy's chief Strength being in Horfe, and 
this Army neither recruited with Horfes, nor Arms 9 
nor Saddles, it is impojfible to keep the Country from 
being plundered ; nor to fight with them, but when 
and where they lift ; we being forced, when we 
move, to march with the whole Army, which can be 
but by Jlow Marches ; fo that the Country fuffers 
much Wrong) and the Cries of the poor People are 

If it were thought fit to fend to his Majefty to 
have Peace, with the jettling of Religion, the Laws 
and Liberties of the Subject, and bringing to juft 
Trial tbofe chief Delinquents that have brought all 
thefe Mifcbiefs to both Kingdoms ; and as my Lord 
of Briftol a fpake in Parliament, how we may be 
fecured to have thefe Things performed hereafter ; or 
tlffy if bis Majefy Jhall pleafe to abfcnt aimfelf, 


a The Earl of Sri/laPs Speech for an Accommodation, h:re re- 
ferred to, is at large in our Elevecth Volume, p. 58. 

Of E N G L A N D. 329 

tbere may be a Day fet to give a Period to all thefe An - ^f ar> 

unhappy Diflr actions by a Battle, (which, when and 

where, they fljall chuff wko may be thought any way ~~ i^ 

indifferent) 1 Jhall be ready to perform that Duty 

I owe to you ; and the Proportions to be agreed upon, 

between his Majefty and the Parliament, may be fent 

to fuch an indifferent Place, that both Armies may 

be drawn near the one to the other ; fo that, if Peace 

be not concluded, it might be ended with the Sword. 

No Officer of the Army to be of fuch Committee) nor 

no Intercourfe to be between them. 

My Lord, I am 

Btickhill Magna, 

July 9 , 1643. Your Lordfhip's humble Servant, 


Both the Houfes agreed to fupply the Lord-Ge- 
neral, as he defired j all the Troops then raifed in 
the City of London, except thofe for the immediate 
Defence of it, were ordered to march forthwith ; 
and that there fhould be a Courfe to fupply him 
with Horfe, Arms, and Saddles. There was Ne- 
ccffity fufficient for a general Reinforcement at this 
Time, the King's Troops being every where vi&o-The great Suc- 
rious ; for, befides the great Vidory in the North,^ ftheKin -' s 
already mentioned, Sir William Waller was de- rmj " 
feated in the Weft of England^ by the Lord Wil- 
Tnot^ Sir Ralph Hopton, &c. and his Army totally 
ruined. Prince Rupert had alfo taken Briftol ; fo 
that the King's Affairs were now in the moft 
fiourifhing Condition that they ever had been 
throughout the whole War. This fome Lords were 
fo fenfible of, that a Motion was made for petition--,, 
ing the King, before he had recalled his Proclama-.j- i ve to pet iuo 
tion, wherein he exprefled this Parliament to be nofor Peace, 
free Parliament ; and the Queftion being put there- 
upon, it pafled in the Affirmative. This Difpofition 
of the Lords towards an Accommodation was, pro- 
bably, much forwarded by the King's publiftiing 
the following Declaration, addreffed to all his loving 


330 5fi^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 19. Car. I. Subjects % the Day after he received Advice of the 
taking of Brijlol. 

( A s the Grievances and Lofles of no particu- 
The King's De-' XjL ^ ar Perfons, fmce thefe miferable bloody Di- 
claratipn, after < {tempers have difquieted this poor Kingdom, can 

the Notth^aid ' be com P ared to lhe Lofs and Damage we ourfelf 
Weft, and the ' nave fuftained, there having been no Victory ob- 
/. { tained but in the Blood of our own Subjects, nor 
' no Rapine or Violence committed, but to the 
4 Impoverifhment and Ruin of our own People ; 
' fo a blefled and happy Peace cannot be fo accept - 

* able and welcome to any Man as to us. Al- 
4 mighty God, to whom all the Secrets of our 

* Heart are open, who hath fo often and fo mira- 

* culoufly preferved us, and to whofe Power alone 

* we muft attribute the Goodnefs of our prefent 
' Condition, how unhappy foever it is with refe- 

* rence to the Public Calamities, knows with what 
( Unwillingnefs, with what Anguifh of Soul, we 

* fubmitted ourfelf to the Neceflity of taking up de- 
' fenfive Arms. And the World knows with what 

' Juftice and Bounty we have repaired our Subjects, 
' for all the Preffures and Inconveniences they had 
" borne, by fuch excellent Laws as would for ever 

* have prevented the like ; and with what Earneft- 
' nefs and Importunity we defired to add any Thing 
' for the Eftablifoment of the Religion, Laws, and 

* Liberty of the Kingdom. How all thefe have 

* been difturbed, invaded, and almort defhoyed, 
' by Faclion, Sedition, and Treafon, by thofe who 

* have neither Reverence to God nor Affection to 

* Men, but have facrificed both to their own Ends. 

* and Ambition, is now fo evident, that we hope, 

* as God hath wonderfully manifefted his Care of 
' us, and his Defence of his and our moft juft 
4 Caufe, fo he hath fo far touched the Hearts of 

' our 

a Lord Clarendon informs us, ' That the Reafcn of the King'i 
addrefling this Declaiation to the whole Kingdom, and not to the 
Parliament, was, left he might feem to retract the foregoing Procla- 
mation, wherein he had declared the Proceedings of one or both 
Houfes to be void, by reafon of the Members not enjoying their juft 
freedom and Liberty. 

Of E N G L A N D. 33 r 

* our People, that their Eyes are at laft opened to An. 19. Car. r. 

< fee how miferably they have been feduced, and to 
abhor thofe Per Tons whofe Malice and Subtil ty had 

* feduced them to difhonour hun, to rebel againftus, 
' and to bring much Mifery and Calamity upon their 

* native Country. 

' We well remember the Proteftation volunta- 

* rily made by us, in the Head of that fmall Army 

* we were Mafter of in September laft, to defend 

* and maintain the true Reformed Proteftant Reli- 
' gion : And if it ihould pleafe God, by his BJef- 
' ling upon that Army, to preferve us from this 

* Rebellion, that we would maintain the juft Pri- 

* vileges and Freedom of Parliament, and govern 

* by the known Laws of the Land ; for whofe 
' Defence, in Truth, that Army was only raifed, 
' and hath fince been kept up. And there cannot 

* be a more feafonable Time to renew that Prote- 
' ftation than now, when God hath vouchfafed us 
c fo many Victories and SuccelTes, and hath render- 
' ed the Power of thofe, who feek to deftroy us, lefs 
' formidable than it hath been, (fo that we {halt 

< probably not fall under the fcandalous Imputation, 
1 which hath ufually attended our MefTaees of Peace, 

* that they proceed from the Weaknefs of our Power, 
' not Love of our People) and when there is more 

* Freedom in many Counties, for our good Subjects 
' to receive true Information of their own and our 

* Condition ; the Knowledge whereof hath been, 

* with equal Induftry and Injuftice, kept from them, 

* as other Acls of Cruelty have been impofed upon 

' We do therefore declare to all the World, in 
c the Prefence of Almighty God, to whom we muft 

* give a ft ri6t Account of all our Profeffions and 
' Proteftations, That we are fo far from intend- 
* ing any Alteration of the Religion eftablimed, (33 

* hath been often falfely, fcandaloufly, and againft 
' the Confcience of the Contrivers themfelves of 

< that Rumour, fuggefted to our People) or from 

* the leaft Thought of invading the Liberty and 

< Property of the Subject, or violating the juft Pri- 

332 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ig. Car. I. ' vileges of Parliament, that we call that God 

t l643 ' to witnefs, who hath covered our Head in the 

j u j yt ~~* \Day of Battle, that we defire from our Soul, 

* and {hall always ufe our utmoft Endeavour, 

* to preferve and advance the true Reformed Pro- 

< teftant Religion, eftablifhed in the Church of 

< England, in which we were born, have faithfully 
lived, and, by the Grace of God, fhall refolutely 
die : That the Prefervation of the Liberty and 
Property of the Subject, in the due Obfervation 
c of the known Laws of the Land, (hall be equally 

* our Care, as the Maintenance of our own. Rights ; 
' we defiring to govern only by thofe good Laws, 

* which, till they were opprelTed by this odious 
c Rebellion, preferved this Nation happy. And 

< we do acknowledge the juft Privileges of Par- 

* liament to be an eflential Part of thofe Laws, 
' and fhall, therefore, moft folemnly defend and 
' obferve them ; fo that, in Truth, if either Reli- 
' gion, Law, or Liberty, be precious to our People, 
' they will, by their Submiflion to us, join with 

* us in the Defence of them, and thereby eflablifh 

* that Peace, by which only they can flourifh and 
' be enjoyed. 

' Whether thefe Men that be profefled Enemies 

* to the eftablifhed Ecclefiaftical Government ; who 

* reproach and perfecute the learned Orthodox Mi- 

* nifters of the Church, and into their Places put 
' ignorant, feditious, and fchifmatical Preachers ; 

< who vilify the Book of Common Prayer, and im- 
pioufly profane God's Worfhip with their fcurrilou3 

* and feditious Demeanor, are like to advance that 

* Religion : Whether thofe Men, who boldly, and 
without the leaft Shadow or Colour of Law, im- 
pofe infupportable Taxes and odious Excifes upon 
their Fellow- Subjects, imprifon, torment, and 

* murder them, are like to preferve the Liberty and 
' Property of the Subject ; and whether thofe Men, 

* who feize and poflefs themfelves of our own un- 

* queftionable Revenue, and our juft Rights ; have 

* denied us our Negative Voice ; have, by Force 
and Violence, awed and terrified the Members of 

4 both 

Of ENGLAND. 333 

e both Houfes ; and, laftly, have, as far as in them An. 19. Car. I. 
lies, difloived the prefent Parliament, by driving 1643- 

* away and imprifoning the Members, and refolving 
' the whole Power thereof, and more, into a Com- 
' mittee of a few Men, contrary to all Law, Cu- 
' ftom, or Precedent, are like to vindicate and up- 
6 hold the Privileges of Parliament, all the World 
' may judge. 

* We do therefore, once more, conjure our good 
c Subjects, by their Memory of that excellent Peace 

* and firm Happinefs with which it pleafed God to 

* reward their Duty and Loyalty in Time paft ; by 

* their Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, which 
' no Vow or Covenant, contrived and adminiftred 
c to and by themfelves, can cancel or evade ; by 
' whatfoever is dear and precious to them in this 
' Life, or hoped or prayed for in the Life to come, 
' that they will remember their. Duty and confider 
' their Intereft ; and no longer fuffer themfelves to 

* be mifled, their Prince difhonoured, and their 

* Country wafted and undone, by the Malice and 
' Cunning of thofe State Importers ; who, under 
6 Pretence of Reformation, would introduce what- 

* foever is monftrous and unnatural both to Religion 

* and Policy : But that they rather chufe quietly to 
' enjoy their Religion, Property, and Liberty, found- 
' ed and provided for by the Wifdom and Induftry of 
' former Times ; and fecured and enlarged by the 

* Bleffings upon the prefent Age, than to fpend their 
' Lives and Fortunes to purchafe Confufion, and to 

* make themfelves liable to the moft intolerable 

* Kind of Slavery, that is, to be Slaves to their 
' Fellow- Subjects ; who, by their prodigious un- 

* -heard-of Acts of Oppreflion and Tyranny, have 

* given them fufficient Evidence what they are to 
s expect at their Hands. 

* And let not our good People, who have been 
c miiled, or, through Want of Underftanding or 
c Want of Courage, fubmitted themfelves to un- 

* warrantable and difloyal Actions, be taught, by 
' thefe Seducers, that their Safety now confifts in 
4 Defpatr; and that tney can only fecure them- 


334 Tb* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car, I.* felves, for the Ills they have done, by a refclute 

l6 43- and peremptory Disobedience. Revenge and 

^""iXr**^ ' Bloodthirftinefs have never been imputed to us* 

' even by thofe who have not left cither our Go- 

' vernment or Nature unexamined with the greatei^ 

* Boldnefs and Malice. And all thofe who, fmce 
' thefe Bloody Diftra&ions, out of Confcience have 

* returned from their evil Ways to us, have found 
" that it was not fo eafy for them to repent as for 
' us to forgive. And whofoever have been mifled 
' by thofe whofe Hearts, from the Beginning, have 

* defigned all this Mifchief, and {hall redeem their 

* paft Crimes by their prefent Service and Loyalty, 
' in the apprehending or op.pofmg fuch who fhall 
c continue to bear Arms againft us, and fhall ufe 

* their utmoft Endeavours to reduce thofe Men to 
' their due Obedience, and to reftore this King- 

* dom to its wonted Peace, (hall have Caufe to 
' magnify our Mercy, and to. repent the Xref- 

* pafles committed againft fo juft and fo gracious a 
' Sovereign. 

' Laftly, we defire all our good Subjects who 
' have really aflifted, or really wifhed us well, now 

* God hath done fuch wonderful Things for us, 

* vigoroufly to endeavour to put an End to all 

* thefe Miferies, by bringing in Men, Money, 

* Plate, Horfes, or Arms, to our Aid ; that fo we, 
' being not wanting to ourfelves, may, with Conft- 

* cence, expect the Continuance of God's Favour 

* to reftore us all to that blefled Harmony of Af- 
' fe&ions, which may eftablifh a firm Peace ; wiih- 

* out the fpeedy obtaining of which, this poor King- 
' dom will be utterly undone, though not abfoluteljr 

. July 12. At the Defire of the Houfe of Corn- 
appointed' bo- mons, the Lord Fairfax was made Governor of Huil 9 
ernor of Hull, inftead of the ComraifHoners before named. a 


a The Preamble to this Ordinance runs thus : ' The Lords and 
' Commons afil-mblcd in Parliament, upon tlie . -fluted Confidence and 
Tnift which they have and do repofe in the Wil'dom, Valour, and 
' Fidelity of the Right Hon. FtrjfamfJt Lord Fairfax, do ordain, 
' dcckie, and appoint, &(, 

Of E N G L A N D. 33$ 

Sir John Hotbam and his Son, with other Prifon- An. 19. Car. I. 
ers concerned in the Defign upon that Town, were 
how brought up to London ; and, this Day, a Com- 
mittee extraordinary was appointed by the Com- 
mons, to take their Examinations, and to do all 
other Acts that might tend to the Difcovery of the 
whole Bufmefs, and all the Circumftances of it. 
Ordered, alfo, That no Member of that Houfe, 
or any other Perfon, mould vifit Sir John or his Son, 
nor fend any Meffages to them, without Leave of 
the Houfe. 

The Lord Grey of Werk having a Poft in the 
Parliament's Army, as Lieutenant-General under 
the Earl of EJ/ex^ his Lordfhip mewed very great 
lleluctancy to go into Scotland, notwithstanding the 
Lords had joined the Earl of Rutland in the Com- 
miflion with him. He made many Excufes to 
avoid this Embafly, as leaving his Charge, which, 
at this Time, the Armies being fo near one ano- 
ther, would reflect upon his Honour : He defired 
alfo that he might be excufed, on account of an 
ill Difpofition of Body, which would not endure a 
Sea Voyage, the only Way the Parliament had now 
to fend to the Scots with any Safety. But, pro- 
bably, it might proceed from his Diflike to go on 
fuch an Errand as inviting a foreign Army to come 
and invade this Kingdom ; which, mould the King 
prevail, might put him paft Hopes of Pardon. 
Whatever it was, his Lordihip, this Day, (July 17) 
making the fame Excufes to the Lords, he was 
ordered to withdraw; when that Houfe, taking 
into Confideration the whole Progrefs of this Bu- 
finefs, ' and that, upon his Submiffion to their 
Pleafure, they had appointed a peremptory Day 
for his going, and had alfo acquainted the Houfe of 
Commons therewith, the Lords therefore infifted on 
their Order, that he fhould go ; and the Earls of 
Pembroke, Denbigh^ and Bolingbroke, were fent out 
to acquaint him with it. 

Soon after the faid Earls returned with this An- 
fwcr, That the Lord Grey fubmitted to go, if the 


336 'The Parliamentary HISTORY" 

An. 19. Car. I-Houfe did command him ; but defired them to pre-* 
fent to their Lordfhips two Petitions : 

* That ne might enjoy his Place of Command 
in the Army. 

2. That when he had been in Scotland a while, 
and fettled Affairs in fome Forwardnefs, if he found 
his Health fo ill that he could not ftay there with- 
out Prejudice to himfelf and the Service, that, upon 
his humble Suit and Information thereof to the Houfe, 
he might be permitted to return home. 

Lord Grey of But tne Lords not thinking it fit to have any Con- 
Werk committed ditions put upon them, ordered the Lord Grey to be 
to the Tower, ca ll ec | j n again, and the Speaker to demand his pofi- 

tsc, for refilling * r TT L / -j rr LI 

to go to invite tlve Anfwer : He then laid. He was not able to go 
Le Scott Army, on account of his Health. Hereupon, that Houfe 
taking this for an abfolute Denial of their Commands, 
and confidering his former Anfwer, in order to vin- 
dicate the Honour of their Houfe by fome exem- 
plary Punifhment, refolved, That the Lord Grey^ for 
his Difobedience, fhould forthwith be fent Prifoner 
to the Tower. And, the next Day, his Commiflion in 
the Army was alfo taken from him ; tho', very foon 
after, he was releafed from his Imprifonment, with- 
out any Petition, but not reilored to his Command in 
the Army. 

'July 19. The following Petition was prefented 
to the Lords, from the Aflembly of Divines fitting 

To the Right Honourable the LORDS and COMMONS 
aflembled in Parliament, 

CHRIST, in the Name of themfelves and of fundry 

Humbly fheweth, 
Petition from thejy*//^ f your Petitioners, upon ferious Confidera- 

~ '*'** and dee P Sen f e f God ' s heav y lj/rath l y* n s 

on us, and hanging over our Heads and the whole Na- 
tion ^ and manifefted particularly by the two late fad 
and uncxpefted Defeats of our Forces in, the North and 

Of E N G L A N D. 337 

in the Weft ', do apprehend it to be our Duty, as An, 19. Car. I, 
Watchmen for the Good of the Church and Kingdom, to 
prefent to your religious and prudent Confederation 
thefe enfuing Requejls, in the Name of Jefus Chrift, 
your Lord and ours : 

Firft, That you would be pleafed to command a 
public and extraordinary Day of Humiliation, this 
Week, throughout the Cities of London, Weftmin- 
iter, the Suburbs of both, and Places adjacent with" 
in the weekly Bills of Mortality, that every one may 
bitterly bewail his own Sins, and cry mightily unto 
God) for Chrift'j Sake, to remove his Wrath, and 
to heal the Land ; with profej/ed and renewed Refo- 
lutions of more full Performance of the late Covenant^ 
for the Amendment of our Ways. 

Secondly, That you would vouchfafe inftantly to 
take it into your moft ferious Confederation, hoiv you 
may moft fpeedily fet up Chrift more glorioujly in all 
his Ordinances within this Kingdom, and reform all 
Things amifs throughout the Land, wherein God is 
more fpecially and more immediately dijhonoured : 
Among which we humbly lay before you thefe Par- 
ticulars ; 

1 . That the brutijh Ignorance and palpable Darknefs 
pej/ejjing the greatejl Part of the People in all Places 
of the Kingdom, whereby they are utterly unfit to 
wait upon God in any holy Duty, (to the great Dif- 
honour of the Gofpel, and the everlafting Endangering 
of their poor Souls) may be remedied by afpeedy and 

Jiritt Charge to all Minijlsrs, conjlantly to catechize 
all the Youth and ignorant People, they being com- 
manded to be fubjett to it, and all Sorts to be prefent 
at it ; and Information to be given of all Perfons who 
jhall withjland or neglecJ it. 

2. Tliat the grievous and heinous Pollution of the 
Lord's Supper, by thofe that are grojly ignorant and 
notorionjly profane, may be henceforth, with all Cbri- 

Jlian Care and due CircumfpecJion, prevented. 

3. That the bold venting of corrupt Do Urines, di- 
rettly contrary to the facred Law of God, and reli- 
gious Humiliation for Sin, which open a wide Door 
to all Libertinifm and Difobediencs to God and Man, 

VOL. XII, Y may 

38 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. 1. may be fpeedily fupprejftd every where , and that in 
fuck Manner as may give Hope that the Church may 
be no more infected with them. 

4. That the Profanation of any Part of the Lcrd'j 
Day, and the Days of folemn Fajling, by buying, fell- 
ing, working^ Jporting, travelling, or neglefting of 
God's Ordinances, may be remedied, by appointing 
facial Officers in every Place, for the due Execution 
of all good Laws and Ordinances againjl the fame. 

5. That there may be a thorough and fpeedy Pro- 
ceeding againft blind Guides and fcandalous Minijlers^ 
by whofe Wickednefs People either lack or loath the 
Ordinances of the Lord, and Thoufands of Souls pe~ 
rijh j and the Removal of the Ark from among us /V, 
to the trembling of our Hearts, evidently threatened : 
And that your Irifdoms would find cut fume Way to 
admit into the Minijlry fuch godly and hopeful Men 
as have prepared ihemfelves and are willing thereunto ; 
without which there will fuddenly be fuch a Scarcity 
cf able and faithful Minijhrs, that it will be to little 
Purpofe to cajl out fuch as are unable, idle, cr fcan- 

6. Tfjat the Laws may be quickened again/I Swear- 
ing and Drunkennefs, with which the Land is filled 
and defiled, and under which it mourneth. 

7. That fame fey ere Courfe may be taken againjl 
Fornication, Adultery, and Inceft, which do greatly 
abound, efpecially of late, by reafon of Impunity. 

8. That all Monuments of Idolatry and SuperJIi- 
iion, but more efpecially the whole Body and Praftice 
cf Popery, may be totally abolijhed. 

9. That 'Jujlice may be executed on all Delinquents-, 
according to your folemn and religious Vow and Prote- 

Jlation to that Purpofe. 

10. That all pojjible Means may be ufed for the 
fpeedy Relief and Releafe of our miferable and ex- 
tremely diftrejfed Brethren, who are Prifoners in 
Oxford,' York, and elfewhere, whofe heavy Suf- 
ferings cry loud in the Ears of our God; and it 
would, lie very heavy upsn the Kingdom, Jhould 
they mifcarry, fuffering as they do for the Caufe of 
Cod. J 


Of E N G L A N D. 339 

That fa God, who is now, by the Sword, avengingAn. 19. Car, I. 
the Quarrel of his Covenant, beholding your Integrity 
and Zeal, may turn from the Fiercenefs of his Wrath, 
hear our Prayers, go forth with our Armies, perfect JUiy * 
the Work of Reformation, forgive our Sins, and fettle 
Truth and Peace throughout the Kingdom. 

And the Petitioners {hall ever pray, &c. 

This Petition was figned by forty-feven of the 
Aflembly; and, in Anfwer to it, the Lords ap- 
pointed the next Friday for a folemn Day of Humi- 
liation ; and for the. reft they would take the fame 
into Confideration. The Order for the Faft was 
in thefe Words : 

* T I^HE Lords and Commons in Parliament, outAFaftorderedotj 
' X f tne ^ ee P Senfe of God's heavy Wrath acc ? unt of tlj e 

now upon the Kingdom, and more particularlvl at HjJi*. 

r n 1 i i i r^-r r r . T-< * arliament s ArJ 

* manireited by the late Difcomhture of the Forcesmy in the" 

* both in the North and in the Weft, have, for and Weft. 
' themfelves, refolved to fet apart and keep, and do 

* ordaip and command, That Friday the 21 ft of this 

* prefent July, 1643, be fet apart and kept as a Day 

* of public and extraordinary Humiliation, by Prayer 

* and Fafting, throughout the Cities of London and 
1 JVeJiminJler, and Suburbs, &c. that every Soul 
' may bitterly bewail his own Sins, and the Sins of 

* the whole Nation ; and cry mightily to God, for 

* ChrijFs Sake, That he would be pleafed to turn 
' from us the Fiercenefs of his Wrath, and heal the 

This Order was fent to the Lord Mayor, &c. 
with a ftricl Command to fee the due Execution 
of it. 

The fame Day a Medage from the Lords was 
fent down to the Commons, importing, That fmce, 
by the Earl of Rutland's Indifpofition of Health, he 
cannot go as their Commiilioner into Scotland fo 
fpeedily as the Bufmefs requires, and that the Lord 
Grey is imprifoned for Contempt) they would thirjc 
Y 2 of 

34-O The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. of another Lord to be fent in his Stead : But, left 
the Affair fhould fuffer by further Delay, the Lords 
defired that the Commons would fend their Com- 
miffioners away prefently ; and the other fliould fol- 
low with all convenient Speed. 
Commiffioners About the fame Time the Commons fent up Co- 
appointed to^go pies of credential Letters for their Commifiioners, 
into Scotland, directed to the Lord -Chancellor of Scotland and the 
Council cf State there, and another to the Earl of 
Leven, inviting him to take the Command of the 
Army which the Scots (hould fend into England, as 
having been the Scots General againft the Rebels in 
Ireland : Alluring him, That it would lay upon this 
State and them fuch an Obligation, as they {hould 
ftudy to anfwer in a Manner proportionable, &c. 
Along with the former was fent, by the Commif- 
fioners, a Declaration of the Lords and Commons 
in England to the General Aflembly of the Church 
of Scotland, recommending their Commiffioners to 
them ; as alfo Mr. Stephen Marjhall and Mr. Philip 
Nye t both Minifters of God's Word, and Men of 
approved Faithfulnefs and Abilities in their Func- 
tions. Alfo a Declaration of the Lords and Com- 
mons in England to the Kingdom and States of 
Scotland: Both which laft, being printed at Length 
in Rujhworth, are unnecefiary here. We (hall only 
fubjoin the Parliament's particular InftrucYions to 
their Commiflioncrs, as they ftand in the Lords' 
Journals j thefe not being printed in the Collec- 

INSTRUCTIONS, agreed upon by the LORDS and 
COMMONS in PARLIAMENT, for John Earl of 
Rutland, Sir William Armyn, Bart. Sir Henry 
Vane, /;;. Knight, Thomas Hatcher and Henry 
Darley, Efquires, appointed CcmmiJJioncrs to the 
Kingdom of Scotland. 

TheParlu- I. < \7*OU fliall forthwith repair to the King- 
' dom of Scotland, either to Edinburgh or 

(ions to them. 


' other Parts, as you fee Caufe3 and you fhall make 

* your 

Of E N G L A N D. 341 

e yout AddrefTcs to the Parliament, or any deputed by An< f Car r 

* them; to the Airembly of the States, or any Com- 1643. 

' miffioners appointed by them ; the General Aflem- u v*J 
' bly of the Church, or the Commiflioners of the Ge- J ul y 

* neral AiTembly ; -the Lords of the Secret Council, 
4 Commiflioners for Confervation of the Peace of the 
1 Kingdom, the CommifHoners of Common Bur- 
' dens, and fuch others as (hall have Power and Au- 
' thority to treat with you, upon fuch Matters as you 
' have received or fiiall receive in Charge, and to 
' negotiate in that Kingdom as Commifiioners of 
' and from the Parliament of England. 

II. You {hall take all fit Ways and Oppor- 
c tunities to make known to the State and Nation 
c of Scotland the great Miferies, Calamities, and 

* Dangers, brought upon this Church and Kingdom 
' by the Faction of Papifts and Prelates, and their 
' Adherents ; whereby we are difabled, for the 
' prefent, to make Payment of thofe great Debts 
' which are owing to them for the Remainder of the 

* Brotherly- Afliitance Money, and the Arrear of their 
e Army in Ireland. 

III. You (hall take Care of ftating and fettling 
c all Accounts, Debts, and Demands, betwixt the 
' two Nations of England and Scotland; and, the 
' fame being reduced to a Certainty, you {hall treat 
' and compound for the Time and Manner of Sa- 
c tisfacYion for the faid Debts, in fuch Maner as 

* {hall iland with Juftice and the Conveniency of 

* both Kingdoms. 

IV. ' As touching the Remainder of the Brotherly- 

* Ailiftancc Money ; it is conceived moft juft and 
' reafonable ( becauie the War upon the Subjects 
4 and People of Scotland^ begun and profecuted in 
' the Years 1640 and 1641, was procured by the 
' Faction of Papifts, Prelates, and their Adherents, 
' which was the Caufe of the coming of the Scots 

* into this Kingdom, and of the Engagement there- 
' upon made for their Satisfaction) that fufficient 

* Lands of Papifts, Prelates, and other Malignants 
4 ss have adhered to them, {hall, by the Direction 

Y 3 and 

34 2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. l. e and Appointment of both Houfes of Parliament, 

1643. be fet forth, out of which Recompence fhafl 

^""""y" ' ' be made for the Forbearance of that Money, 

^ ' ' untill fuch Time as Satisfaction {hall be given 

* for the Difcharge of all the faid Debts, with 
' the Intereft and Confederation for the Forbearance 

V. ' As for the Arrears due to the Scots Army 

* in Ireland; it being impoffible for this State, 
' by reafon of the manifold Troubles and Burdens 
' which lie upon it, to make prefent Payment, 
' it is defired, That our Brethren of Scotland think 

* upon fome other Way how we may give Satis- 
' faction, either in the confifcated Lands in Ireland 

* by Way of Adventure, according to the Rates 
' and Proportions at which they are to be deliver- 
' ed to the Englijh Adventurers ; or elfe by In- 
' ftalment, at four equal Payments, within two 
' Years after the Peace of this Kingdom fhall be 

* fettled j or elfe in Provifion in Victuals and Ap- 
c parel, to be delivered at reafonable Rates in 
' Scotland, or any other Place ; or any other Way 
' within the Power of the two Houfes : It being 
our earned Defire to give our Brethren full Gon- 
' tentment herein, fo far as God (hall enable us 

* thereunto. 

VI. You fhall, according to the precedent Ar- 
' tides, treat and conclude for the Difcharge of 

* both the Debts afore- mentioned ; that is, the 
( Remainder of the Brotherly-Afliftance Money 
c and the Arrear of the Army in Ireland, and fuch 
' further Payments as (hall grow due, untill they 

* fhall be difmifTed, in any of thefe Ways as fhall 
' be agreeable to our Brethren : And you fhall re- 

* ceive any further or other Proportions from them 
' concerning the fame ; and fuch Proportions cer- 

* tify to the Lords and Commons in Parliament, 

* that fo you may receive further Directions there- 

* in. 

VII. You (hall, with the like Plainnefs 
' and Truth, make known to our Brethren of 

* Scotland , that we are, by thefe Troubles, made 

Of E N G L A N D. 343 

altogether unable to continue the Charge of the An. 19. Car. I. 
Army in Ireland ; therefore, left it fhould become l6 43- 
too great a Burden to them in our Difability * - -v * 
of Payment, we defire the faid Army may be ^ y * 
difmiffed in fome Ihort Time ; only fuch Gar- 
rifons to be kept on Foot, as our Brethren (hall 
think fit to fetain for the Guard of Carrickfergus 
and Coleraine t according to the Treaty in that \ 

VIIL ' You fhall mediate and conclude an 
Eftablifhment of the fame Garrifons, both for 
the Number of Men (not exceeding 2000) and 
their Allowances, which the two Houfes will 
undertake to difcharge accordingly in Money 
or Provifions, at reafonable Rates, to be agreed 

IX. * You fhall put our Brethren in Mind, 
That the Popifti and Prelattcal Fadion, which 
begun with them in the Year 1640 and 1641, 
and intended to make Way for our Ruin by 
theirs, and fo to have corrupted and altered Re- 
ligion in the whole Ifland, have not diminifhed 
in any Part of their Malice towards them, or at 
all departed from their Defign ; but only varied 
in the Manner of their Proceeding ; conceiving 
that they have an eafy Way to deftroy them, 
if they may firft prevail over us : And thereupon 
you fhall ufe your utmoft Endeavour to perfuade 
and excite our Brethren to join with us in the 
Common Caufe, not only of the two Kingdoms, 
but of all the ProfefTors of the Proteftant Re- 
ligion^ for the total and univerfal Suppreflion 
whereof they may difcern that the Pope and hia. 
Faction, in feveral Factions, are ftrongly com- 

X. * You fhall defire, therefore, That both Na- 
tions may be ftraitly united and tied for our mu- 
tual Defence againft the Papifts and Prelatical 
Faction, and their Adherents, in both King- 
doms ; and not lay down Arms till they (hall 
be difarmed, and fiibjecled to the Authority and 


344 Tb* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. 1.* Juftice of Parliament in both Kingdoms refpectivC" 

1643. 4 jy . p or tne effecting whereof, we defire our Brc- 

*~~yf^ * thren of Scotland to raife an Army of 10,000 Foot 

' and 1000 Horfc, or more, to be forthwith' fent 

' againft the Papifts, Prelatical Faction, and Ma- 

' lignants ; the fame to be commanded by the Earl 

' of Leven^ or fuch other General as (hall be ap- 

' pointed by the States of Scotland, according to the 

* Orders and Directions of both Houfes of Parlia- 

* ment ; and to be paid, according to fuch an Efta- 
' blifhment as fhall be agreed on, out of fuch Re- 

* venues of Papifts, Malignants, and o'ther Delin- 

* quents, as fhall be afligned for that Purpofe by the 

* two Houfes of Parliament. 

;v x " XI. You (hall take Care that the City of Car- 

* life and the Town of Berwick, whenfoever they 

* fhall be fecured from the Papifts and Malignants, 
' be delivered over unto the Hands of fuch Perfons 
' and Garrifons as (hall be appointed by the two 

* Houfes of Parliament to receive and defend the 

* fame. 

XII. ( For the Charge in raifing and arming thofe 

* Men ; we fhall give our Brethren Satisfaction as 
' fpeedily as may be ; and if the Reafon of the 
War require that thofe Forces, or any Part thereof, 
' be employed on this Side Tees, or that it fhall 
' be fo defired and directed by the Lords and 
e Commons in Parliament, they are, in fuch Cafe, 
c to be fubject to the Order and Command of his 
c Excellency the Earl of EJJex y or fuch other as fhall 

* be appointed Lord -General by the two Houfes of 

* Parliament. 

XIII. ' You fhall aflure our Brethren of Scot- 

* land) That, if they fhall be annoyed or en- 
4 dangered by any Force or Army, either from En- 
' gland or any other Place, the Lords and Commons 
' of England will aflift them with a proportionable 
' Army of ic,cco Foot and icoo Horfe, or more, 
' to be fent into Scotland for their Defence, under 

* fuch Order and Directions as fhall be thought fit 

* by the Parliament or State of Scotland; and if 

' any 

Of E N G L A N D. 345 

c any Invafion of the Irijb Rebels, or other Ene- An. 19. Car. I. 

* mies, fhall happen during fuch Time as their 

4 Army fhall be employed for the Defence of """ 
4 this Kingdom, you fhall agree with them for 

* a Guard of Ships to be maintained by us upon that 
4 Coaft. 

XIV. 4 And, that the mutual Intereft and Dan- 
4 gers of both Kingdoms may be defended and 
preferred by both, yo.u fhall, on the Behalf of 

* the Lords and Commons of England, contract 

* and agree with the Kingdom and States of Scot- 
4 land, that no Pacification, or Agreement for. 
4 Peace, fhall be concluded, by the two Houfes 
4 of Parliament, without fufficient Caution and 
4 Provillon for the Security, Peace, and Safety, of 
4 that Kingdom ; the Indemnity of all Perfons and 
4 States for and concerning the Aid and Afliftance, 
4 which fhall be given to this Parliament and King- 
4 dom, for the Suppreffion of the Popifh and ill-af- 
4 fedted Party among them ; the fafe and peaceable 
4 Return of their Forces fent hither, and the real 
4 Performance of all Articles agreed upon with, 
4 them. 

XV. c You fhall receive the Public Faith of 
4 that Kingdom, that neither their Entrance into, 
4 nor Continuance in, this Kingdom, in Arms, 
4 fhall be made ufe of to the Prejudice of the Rights 
4 and Prerogatives of the Crown of England, nor 
4 of the Liberties and Privileges of the Subjects ; 
4 but that all Matters concerning the fame be de- 
4 termined by the two Houfes of Parliament ; and 
4 that as our Brethren fhall be pleafed to come in to 
4 help us, at our Requeft, fo their Forces fhall be 
4 always ready to depart this Kingdom whenfoeVer 
4 they fhall, by both Houfes of Parliament, be there- 
4 unto defircd. 

XVI. 4 You fhall further confider, with our 
4 Brethren of Scotland, what other Articles, or Pro- 
4 petitions may be fit to be added and concluded ; 
4 whereby the Affiftance and Union betwixt the two 
' Kations may be made more beneficial, and effec- 

346 jfik Parliamentary HISTORY* 

An. 19. Car. I.< tual for the Security and Defence of Religion and 

t l643 ' ' Liberty in both Kingdoms : And you {hall cer- 

July. ~* f tlf y al l f uc h Propofuions to the two Houfes of 

' Parliament, and thereupon proceed to a Conclu- 

fion, as you {hall receive further Direction from 


5 You are, together with 10,000 Foot and 1000 
c Horfe, or more, defired of our Brethren of Scot- 

* land for our Afliftance, to confider, agree, and 
6 conclude with them concerning a fitting Train of 

* Artillery to accompany the fame. 

* You are to reprefent to our Brethren of Scot- 
e land the Deflre of both Houfes, that the Earl of 

* Antrim may be examined with reference to the 

* Affairs of this Kingdom, upon fuch Interrogatories 

* as {hall be, by you, framed and propounded in 

* that Behalf, or fuch as {hall be hereafter appointed 
' by both Houfes ; which Examinations you are 

* to return unto the Houfes with all convenient 

' You are to profecute the InftrucYions formerly 

* given, by the two Houfes, unto Michael JVelden 

* and John Corbet, Efquires, concerning the fix 

* Earls of Scotland voted Incendiaries by both 
6 Houfes a . 

' And whereas, by At of Parliament in both 
c Kingdoms, concerning the Treaty of Peace be- 

* tween the two Nations, two Commiflions, the 

* one for conferving of Peace, and the other for 

* Trade, are directed and appointed ; which Com- 

* miffions are parted and confented to by the two 
' Houfes of Parliament ; you are therefore, accord- 
' ing to the faid Commiflions, and in, the Capa- 
* city of Commiflioners in that Behalf, to treat and 

* advife of all fuch Matters as, by the faid Act of 
' Parliament, is appointed ; and to carry with you 
e authentic Copies of the fame, and them to deliver 
' to the Commiffioners for conferving of Peace, aa 
' you {hall fee Cauie. 

* You 

a The Earls of Roxburgh, Jtftrten, dtsnar.d*!:, Kir.nsul, Carn~ 
<U>atb, and k. 

Of E N G L A N D. 347 

e You are to reprefent to the General Affembly An. 19. Car. I. 
c of Scotland, or to the Commiffioners appointed by 
4 them, the Care and Endeavours of both Houfes 

* for a perfect Reformation in this Church, and 
' the happy Progrefs made by them therein ; for 

* the better accompliftiing whereof they have called 
' an Affembly of Godly and Learned Divines, who 

* are now fitting ; and that, by reafon of the Pre- 

* valency of the Papifts, Prelatical Faction, and 

* other Malignant Enemies to this fo-much-defired 

* Reformation, now in Arms againft the Parlia- 

* ment, thefe good Beginnings are like to receive 
' Interruption, if they be not utterly difappointed : 
' And therefore you are not only to defire Afliftance 

* of that Reverend and Godly Aflembly, for the 

* carrying on this Work with their Prayers, but 

* alfo by fuch feafonable and effectual Means, as 
c to them fhall feem meet ; and you are to co-ope- 
' rate with the States of the Kingdom of Scot- 
' land, for the effecting of the Defires of both 
c Houfes in the neceffary Supplies and Aid now 
' defired of our Brethren. 

' You are alfo, according to the Defires of both 

* Houfes, formerly expreffed in their Inftru&ions to 
' 'John Corbet, Efq; and now in their Declaration 
' to the General Affembly, to follicit the fpeed- 
' ing away of fuch and fo many Reverend and 

* Godly Divines as they fhall make Choice of, 
< to be Afliftants in the Affembly called by the 

* two Houfes.' 

July 22. A Letter to the Speaker of the Houfe 
of Lords, from the Council of War, was read j ,the 
Occafion of it will be beft known from its own 
Words : 

My Lord, Brickhill, July 25, 1643. 

JT/- E ha-ve^ after divers Addrejfes to the Houfes, A Le tter from 
*^ with Patience expelled Recruits, and Supplies the Council of 
of Men, Horfes, Saddles, and Arm^ to enable j War, in the Earl 
to do the State that Service which ^ve mo ft heartily W* 
vji/h "Me could perform : And we Lt^e, in Modefly^ 


348 c Tke Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. 1. for borne to prefs the NeceJJity of the Armies upon 
*I^3 your Lordfoips, fo often as the Condition thereof re- 
quired^ till now we are driven to that Exigent that 
we can be no longer felent ; we mujl therefore, to dif- 
charge that Truft repofed in us, make known unto 
your Lord/hips, That the Army is much decayed very 
fuddenly, partly by the Mortality and Sicknefs which 
hath befallen us, and which lieth ftlll upon us ; and 
partly for Want of Pay and Cloathing, our Soldiers 
being grown bare, and many of them almojl naked ; 
and the Running away of our Soldiers is not the leajl 
Occajion of our Weaknejs, who are encouraged to leave 
us, out of a Report of raijing new Armies^ wherein 
they hope they /hall be entertained. 

We hold it novj fit to make public the particular 
Condition of the Army ; not knowing whether it will 
be more pleajing to their Lordjhips to refer the Infor- 
mation thereof to fuch as Jhall be appointed, bv your 
Lordflrips, to receive the particular Relation thereof 
from thofe who are herewith fent to give a full 
Satisfaction therein : But thus much we Jhall be 
bold to fay, That if a con/I ant Courfe be not 
held that the Soldiers may be duly paid and bet- 
ter cloathed, and the Recruits cf Men, Horfe, 
Saddles, and Arms, may likewife be provided, it 
will be impoffible for us to anfwer your Expeffa- 
iions, or difcharge the Duties cf our Place ; where- 
of we have thought fit to give your "Lordfiips time- 
ly Notice, that we may not, hereafter, have it laid 
to our Charge that we have dealt unfaithfully in 
concealing that which, in the End, and that too 
foon, will be the Deflruflion and Overthrow of 
this Army, if fpeedy Courfe be not taken to fupply 
the Wants, and prevent our further Weaknefs, oc- 
cafioned chiefly by thofe Particulars mentioned ; feme 
whereof will reft In your Lordjhip's Power to provide 

My Lord, it concerning our Honour and the Safe- 
ty of the Kingdom, we mujl deal plainly and clear- 
ly with you, That if a fpeedy Care be not had, 
there will not, in a few Days, be left the Face 

Of E N G L A N D. 349 

of an Army here amongjl us : All which we refer to An. 19. Car. I. 
your Lord/hip's mo ft ferious and fpeedy Confederation^ 
and reft 

Your Lordfhip's 

Humble Servants> 








This Letter was ordered to be communicated to 
the Commons, at a Conference ; aft-er which both 
Houfes fell upon various Ways and Means to raife 
Money, of which they were then in great Want. 
They alfo agreed that a large Body of Horfe 
fhould be raifed ; and this Day, 'July 25, a longThe Parliament 
Ordinance was read and agreed to for that Purpofe. refolve to ife 
This Army was to be commanded by the Earl of^E^"^ er 
Mancbejler^ and was, as it is declared in the 
dinance, to prevent the great Mifchiefs done by the 
King's Horfe, his Army being faid to be vaftly 
fuperior in that Kind of Force. 

The reft of the TranfacYions of this Month, any 
way relative to our Defign, will be comprized in a 
very little Room.; Sir John Conyers, Lieutenant 
of the Tower, having afked Leave of both Houfes to 
go into Holland, with his Lady, for two Months, 
it was agreed to ; and the Lord Mayor and the two 
Sheriffs of London were appointed to execute that 
Office till the other's Return. Sir William Waller 
alfo, having loft his own Army in the Weft, was 
authorized to command all the Militia in and about 

The Earl of Portland and the Lord Conway* 
having now laid as Prisoners feven Weeks, on the 
Tingle Teftimony of Mr. Waller againft them, were, 
by the Lords, admitted to Bail. The Earlx>f Denbigh 


35 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. Land the Lord Hunfdon for the former, and the Earl 
qfB^r^and Lord Howard oi Efarick for the latter, 
in iooo7. each ; to be forfeited to the King, if, after 
Notice, they did not appear before the Parliament 
in three Days Time. 

July 31. To clofe this Month, we mail give an 
authentic Proof of the Weaknefsthe Parliament was 
reduced to at this Time, from their Lord- General 
JEJ/ex's Propofitions ; which were delivered to the 
Earl of Northumberland^ by fome Officers of the 
Army, fent on purpofe to the Committee of Safety ; 
and by the faid Earl again prefented to the Houfe 
of Lords, as a Matter deferving the moft ferious 
Regard of both Houfes of Parliament. They bore 
this Tide: 

CONSIDERATIONS to le offered to the Parliament, 
concerning the JVeaknefs of the Army* and the 
EXPEDIENTS for Remedy thereof. 

ThsEarl of/-' ^i'^HE Number of Foot are 3000 marching 

/c's Propofah * J. Men, and at kaft 3000 fick, occafioned by 

jor. enforcing t. t h e Want of Pay, ill Cloathing, and all other 

rmjr * * Miferies which attend an unpaid fickly Army. 

The Number of the Horfe 2500, (3000 laft ' 

* Mufter) occafioned by the Lofs of Horfes upon 

* hard Duty and Service, and other Cafualties in- 
' cident to Horfe in Service ; Recruits of Horfe, 

* though often defired, not performed. Befides, 

* by reafon of a new Army being raifed, the Of- 

* fleers find themfelves neglected, the prefent Re- 
c giments much leftened, lifting themfelves elfe- 
c where for the new Army, expecting better Pay 

* and Cloathing ; and, upon their going hence, 

* are entertained and protected : And great Dii- 
c couragements and Scandals put upon his Excel- 
6 lency, the Officers, and Army, either through 

* falfe Suggeftions of fome am on git us, or the Mif- 
understanding of others ; poifoning the AfFec- 
tions of the People, which hinders Recruiti and 

* Contributions. 


Of ENGLAND. 351 

c As Remedies for which Mifchiefs we offer thefe A 

* Things : 

1. * A fpeedy Pay of Arrears, and a conftant 

* Pay fettled for the future ; which will draw on 
6 Recruits, and give Way to more ftr'nSl Difci- 
' pline : And that Cloaths may be provided accord- 
c ing to i ooo for every Regiment : To which Pur- 
e pofe an Ordinance for a Prefs may be immediately 
6 parted. 

2. ' That 500 Horfe be fent, and 200 provided, 

* monthly, for Recruits. 

3. ' That the Forces to be raifed may not be 

* put into a new Army untill the old Regiments be 
c recruited : No Officer or Soldier to be entertained 

* into any other Employment : And that fevere 

* Punifhment be executed upon fuch, and thofe that 

* entertain them. 

4. * That fuch as' (hall be found guilty of any 

* Scandals laid upon his Excellency, any of his 
c Officers, or Army, may be feverely puniflied ; 
c whereby the like Offences may be no more com- 
c mitted : And a Declaration of both Houfcs paf- 

* fed, for the Vindication of his Excellency and 
c them. 

5. * That full Power having been given to his 
c Excellency, by an Ordinance of both Houfes, 

* for the granting of all Commiffions for the raifing 
or commanding of any Forces, Towns, or Gar- 

* rifons : It is conceived moft requifite, for the bet- 
c ter ordering of the Army, that no Commifliou 

* be granted whatfoever, but from his Excellency ; 
' the Want of which breeds Difobedience to his 
6 Excellency's Commands, to the Prejudice of the 

* Kingdom. 

6. ' That the Lofs of the Weft is rumoured to be 
c occafioned by his Excellency. Defired, it may be 
' thoroughly examined what the Lofs was, and the 
e Occafion of it.* 


, l6 43l 


352 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. The Lords taking thefe Confiderations into fe- 
^ JV rious Debate, came to the following Refolutions : 
Auguft. * ' That l ^ e Lord -General's Army fhall be 

recruited, in the firft Place, by all pofiible Means ; 
and for the fpeedier expediting thereof, their Lord- 
fhips think it fit that an Ordinance of both Houfes 
be pafled for preffing of Soldiers. 

2. ' That a Declaration be publifhed, to vindicate 
the Lord-General, his Commanders and Officers, 
from Scandals and Afperfions. 

3. * That a Declaration may be publifhed, that 
no Commander, or Soldier, of the Lord-General's 
Army, fhall be entertained in the City, or any other 
Place. If they be feen there they fhall be punifh- 

4. * That fuch Perfons, that fhall be employed 
In the Army under the Lord-General, fhall be un- 
der his Command, and receive their Commifiions 
from him. 

5. ' That it be recommended to the Houfe of 
Commons, to provide for the Paying the Arrears 
of the Army, and to recruit him with 200 Horfes 

6. * That their Lordfhips hold it fit that the Ru- 
mour of lofing the Weft be examined. 

' Ordered, That thefe Confiderations and Reme- 
dies, with the Senfe of this Houfe, fhall be commu- 
nicated to the Houfe of Commons at a Conference, 
and their Concurrence herein defired.' 

Auguft 3. Many Alterations had been made, 
from Time to Time, in the Parliament's Ordi- 
nance for the General Weekly Afieflment, as well 
as in that for fequeftring Delinquents' Eftates, &c. 
occafioned chiefly by a wrong Interpretation of 
thefe new Acls of Power, or the Partiality of the 
Collectors. To remedy which, the former Ordi- 
nance was now regulated, and put on a Footing 
lo ftand throughout England and Wales ; and, 
this Day, being agreed to by both Houfes, was 
ordered to be printed and publifhed. This Ordi- 
nance, which is neither in jRjtfatnrtlft Colletl'ions, 


Of ENGLAND. 353 

nor Huflands'sy nor in any other that we have feen, An. 19. Car. I. 
we give from the Lords' Journals. .^ 

The Preamble runs thus : 

* /" I A 

' Parliament, being'fully fatisfied, andrefol- for 

ved in their Confciences, that they have lawfully ^- 

* taken up Arms, and may and ought to continue out England and 
' the fame for the neceiTary Defence of the true Re- f ales > fi"7- 

* formed Religion, of themfelves and the Parliament, mg n l e "' 
' from Violence and Deftruclion, and of this King- 

' dom from foreign Inva'Hon, and for the bringing 
' of notorious Offenders to condign Punifhment ; 

* which are the only Caufes for which they have 
' raifed, and do continue, an Army and Force, 
' which cannot poffibJy be maintained, nor the 
' Kingdom fubfift, without the fpeedy raifing of 
' large and confiderable Sums of Money, propor- 

* tionable to the great Expences which now this 
' Kingdom is at, for the fupporting of the faid Ar- 

* my, and for the faving of the whole Kingdom, our 

* Religion, Laws, and Liberties, from utter Ruin 
< and Deftru&ion : Which that it may be done with 
' as much Eafe and Indifferency to the good Subjects, 

* as the Exigence of the Tjme will permit, the faid 

* Lords and Commons do ordain, &c. 

The enabling Claufes, in which, for Brevity's 
Sake, we have left out the IPords of Form, run 
thus : 

' That, for the feveral Purpofes aforefaid, the 
f Weekly Sums of Money hereafter mentioned (hall 
' be levied upon all the Counties, Cities, Towns, 
' Liberties, Places, and Perfons, hereafter mentioned, 

* according to the Proportions herein exprefied, to 

* be paid in weekly to the Collectors appointed for 

* receiving thereof. . s. 
"Bedfordshire^ 22 O CO 

Berkfiire, , , 550 OO 

Buckinghamfoirey 420 OO 

Cambridge fbire^ . 275 CO 

Ifie of E!y y .. . - 147 10 

VOL. XII. Z Chtjbirt, 

354 ^b* Parliamentary HISTORY 

L. K 

An. 19. Car. I.CbeJhire, > - . 175 OO 

6 43- City of C/>e/?*r and County thereof, 62 oo 

V^v^ Cornwall, ' i 625 oo 

Cumberland , 37 IO 

Derbyjhire, 175 OO 

Devon/hire. 1800 CO 

City of Exeter and County thereof, 50 10 

Dorfetjhire, 705 oo 

Durham, < 62 IO 

Effex, 1125 oo 

Gloucejterjhire, 750 oo 

City rfGhucefter and County thereof, 62 10 
Hamp/hire, with the City of Wincbe- 1 

fter y Southampton^ and the Ifle of > 750 CO 

Wight* i . 

JierefordJJnre, and City of Hereford, 437 IO 
Hertfordjhlre, 450 OO 

Huntingdonjhire, 220 OO 

Kent, with the Cities there, 1250 CO 

Lancajblre, 500 co 

Leicejlerjhire, 187 JO 

Lincolnjhire, with the City of Lincoln^ 812 IO 
Middlesex, and the City and Liberty of \ 

Wejlminfter, \ ^ CO 

Monmoutkjkire, 62 10 

Norfolk, with the City of Norwich, 1250 oo 

Newcajlle upon Tyne, 
Northampton/hire, - 

Oxfordjkire, - 




City of Briflol, 

City of Litchfield, 


Surrey, with the Borough of Swtbwark, 500 oo 
Sujfex t ' - 625 oo 


Of E N G L A N D. 355 

Coventry City and County thereof, 
IVeflmor eland, 



Worcefter City and County thereof, 

York City and County thereof, 

Kingjlon upon //a//, 















' Every Perfon cf the Eftate of a Baron or Ba- 
ronefs, and every Eftate above, and every other 
Perfon born within England, Wales, or other 
the King's Dominions, as well Ecclefiaftical as 
Temporal ; and every Corporation, Fraternity, 
Guild, Myftery, Brotherhood, and Commonalty, 
Corporate or not Corporate, fliall pay towards 
the Weekly Sum fo aflefled upon each County, 
according as the fame fliall be tax'd upon the re- 
fpe&ive Town, Hamlet, Parifh, or Place where 
fuch Perfon is chargeable, his refpetive Propor- 
tion for whatfoever he hath to his own proper 
Ufe, as well in Coin as in Plate, Stock of Mer- 
chandize, or any Manner of Corn, Grain, 
Houftiold Stuff, and of all other Goods and 
Moveables, as well within this Realm as with- 
out, and of all fuch Sums of Money as to him is 
Z 2 * owing, 



An. 19. Car. I. 

10 1643. 


05 Au 5 uft 






J 3 




















6 7 












356 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car, l. owing, whereof he trufts in his Conference to be 
l6 43- < paid, except Money that he doth owe, and, in 
*"" 7"^"^""^ ' his Confcience, intends truly to pay ; and except 
u ' alfo the Apparel of every fuch Perfon, their \ 

' and Children, belonging to their own Bodies, 
' faving Jewels, Gold, Silver, Stones, Pearl : And 

* every Alien and Stranger, born out of the King's 
' Obeyfance, as well Denizens as others, inhabiting 
' within this Realm ; and aifo every Popifh Recu- 
' fant, convict or not convict, (hall pay a Propor- 
' tion double to thofe of the like Eftates, being no 

* Aliens or Recufants. 

' Every Perfon born within the King's Obeyfance, 

* as well Ecclefiaftical as Temporal ; and every 
4 Corporation, Fraternity, tsV. fhall alfo, forever/ 
' Eftate which fuch Perfon, Corporation, Frater- 

* nity, cffr. or any other to their Ufe, in Truft or 

* otherwife, hath, in Fee-Simple, Fee-Tale, or 
' Term of Life, Term of Years, by Executorfhip, 

* Wardfhip, or by Copy of Court- Roll, in any 
' Honours, Caftles, Manors, Lands, Tenements, 
c Rents, Services, Tythes, Obligations, Obven- 

* tions, Annuities, Offices of Profit, Fees, Cor- 
c rodies, or other yearly Profits or Hereditaments, 
' as well within antient Demefne and other Places 

* privileged, as elfewhere, fhall pay towards the faid 

* Weekly Sums his Proportion thereof as charged 
' upon each County as aforefaid, according to the 

* true Intent and Meaning of this Ordinance. Ex- 
' cepted always from this Aflcfirnent, all the Goods, 

* Chattels, and Ornaments belonging to any Church 

* or Chapel for the Service of Almighty God ; and 
' except yearly Wages due to Servants. 

* And the laid fcveralSums, lo charged upon the 

* feveral Counties, Cities, cfrV. ftiall be rated before 

* the tenth Day of Augujl^ 1643; and the faid 
' Weekly Payments are to continue for two Months 

* (accounting twenty-eight Days to the Month) next 

* enfuing, from the faid tenth Day of Augvft^ un- 

* lefs the King's Army fhall be difbarxled in the 

* mean Time,' 

Of ENGLAND. 357 

Next follow the Names of the Commijfioners for An. 19. Cr. I, 
-executing this Ordinance in each County , &c. 1643. 
but thefe, being mojlly the fame ivitb tbofe ap~ * "">" f 
pointed for the Sequejiration of Delinquents' u ^ u * 
Efiatt;, before given at large, we pafs over^ 
and proceed with our Abjlratt of the Ordi- 

4 The Commiffioners of the feveral Counties and 
c Places, or the greateft Part of them, {hall, with 
4 all convenient Speed, after Notice of this Ordi- 
4 nance, meet together in fome convenient Place 
4 within their feveral Counties and Places, and may 
4 there agree to divide themfelves, for the Execution 

* of the faid Service, into fuch Hundreds, Places, 
4 and Divifions within their refpe&ive Counties, &c. 
4 as to them fhall feem expedient ; and afterwards 
4 they, or any two of them refpeclively, fhall 
4 their Warrants to fuch Number of Per- 
4 fons as they fhall think fit, within their feveral 
' Divifions, to appear before them; and, upon 
' their Appearance, the faid Commiffioners, or any 

* two of them, fhall appoint fuch Perfons as they 
' think fit, within their refpecYive Divifions, who 
' fhall have Power to alTefs every Perfon, Corpo- 
' ration, Fraternity, &c. according to the \Veekly 

* Rates and Proportions in this Ordinance men- 
' tioned. 

* And the refpecYive Commiffioners, or any two 
of them, fhall have Power, within their refpecYive 
4 Limits, to nominate Collectors for the Money fo 

* afiefTed, who fhall pay the fame to the Treafurers 

* of the Army, raifed by the Parliament, for the 
'Time being, at Guildhall^ London, or at fuch 

* Place, or to fuch Perfons, as the faid Commif- 
6 fioners fhall appoint : And if any Perfon, Corpo- 

* ration, Fraternity, &V. fhall refufe to pay the 

* Sums upon them aflefled, or fhall not pay the 
4 fame, upon Demand, at the Place of his Abode, 
4 or where fuch AflefTment fhall be made, it fhall 
4 be lawful for the Collectors, or any two of them, 

* to levy all Sums fo aflefTed by way of Diflrefs and 

Z 3 * Sale 

358 The Parliamentary 

An. 19. Car. i. Sale of their Goods, wherever the fame fhall be 

.^ 'tlLj ' f un d an( J to break open any Houfe, Cheft, 

Auguft. ' Trunk, Box, or any other Thing wherein fuch 

* Goods are : And if any Perfon, fo diftrained, (hall 
4 make Refiftance, it fhall be lawful for the faid. 
Colle&ors, as they (hall fee Caufe, to call to their 
6 Afliftance any of the Train'd Bands, or Compa- 

* nies of Volunteers, or other Forces, within the 
' County or Place where fuch Refiftance fhall be 

* made, or any other Perfon dwelling in or near the 
' Place ; and the faid Train'd Bands, tc. are re- 

* quired to be aflifting to the faid Collectors at their 

' Every Perfon fhall be rated, in every County, 

- * for the Eftate he hath, either in Lands, Tene- 

' ments, Hereditaments, Rents, Annuities, Fees, 

* Offices, Goods, Cattle, or Chattels, in that County 
c only ; and if he has an Eftate, either in Lands, 
' Tenements, 13 c. in more Counties than one, then 

* to be rated in each County according to fuch his 

'All Lands, Tenements, &c. of every Perfon, 

* of what Degree foever, fhall be rated towards 

* raifing of the faid Weekly Sum charged by this 
' Ordinance j with this Provifo, That if the Lands 
' be fet at, or let* near, the yearly Value thereof, 

* in the Pofleilion of any Tenant for Life, Lives, 
' Years, or at Will, fuch Perfon, to whom the Rent 
' thereof belongeth, to be folely chargeable there- 

* with j but if the fame be lett at any Under- Value, 

* then the Sum taxed to be apportioned between the 

* Party to whom the Rent belongeth and the Te- 
' nant thereof, as theTaxers fhall think meet; and 
*' if any of them fhall do any Injury, the fame to 

* be rectified by the Commiflioners, or any two of 
c them, within their feveral Limits, according to 

* their Difcretion : And if any fuch Tenant of 

* Lands, &V. fhall be charged with any Sum, con- 

* trary to the true Meaning of this Ordinance, it 

* fhall be lawful for fuch Tenant to ftop the fame 
f out of his Rent due for the fame Lands, or to 

* take his lawful Remedy againft fuch Perfon to 

* whom 

Of E N G L A N D. 359 

whom the faid Rent is due, (who ought, by theAn. 19. Car. I. 

* true Meaning of this Ordinance, to be charged 
4 therewith) by Action of Debt, wherein no Wa- 
4 ger of Law, Protection, 'or Effoign, {hall be al- 
4 lowed. 

4 All Perfons having any Debts or Sums of Mo- 
4 ney owing to them within this Realm, or any 
4 Debts, Goods, or Sums of Money beyond the 
4 Seas, out of his Majefty's Dominions, {hall be 
4 charged for the fame in the Place of his Refi,dence 
4 at the Time of the Taxation. 

4 No Perfon having two Manfions to refort to, 
4 and calling himfelf Houfhold Servant or Waiting 
4 Servant to the King's Majefty or other Perfons, 
4 {hall be excufed from Payment to this AfiefTment: 
4 And if any Perfon, by Craft, happen to efcape 

* from the faid Payment, according to the true 
4 Meaning of this Ordinance, and that proved before 
4 the faid Commiflioners, or any two of them, then 
4 every fuch Perfon {hall be charged the treble Va- 
4 lue of fo much as he {hould have been taxed at; 
4 and the fame to be levied by Diftrefs and Sale of 
4 his Goods : And if no Diftrefs be found, then the 

* faid Collectors {hall refpeclively have Power to 
4 inquire for any Money due, or to be due, to the 
4 Perfons fo affefied, for any Rents or Goods what-< 
4 foever, and to compound for any of the faid Rents, 
4 Goods, cf?<r. with any Perfon by whom they are 
4 due ; alfo to give a full Difcharge for the Money 
4 by them fo received upon Compofition, or other- 

4 wife ; which Difcharge {hall be valid to all Intents 
4 and Purpofes. 

4 If any Perfon fhall find himfelf over-rated, fuch 

* Perfon, before Diftrefs taken, may complain to the 
e Commiflioners within that Divifion; which Com- 
4 miffioners, or any two of them, fhall have Power 
4 to give Relief as they fhall fee Caufe ; and if any 
4 Perfon, fo aggrieved, be fuch as have not formerly 
4 contributed to the Propofitions r or not paid upon 
4 the Ordinance for afleffing of fuch as have not 
4 contributed at all, or not contributed according to 

4 the 

360 The Parliamentary HISTORY 
19. Car. i. the Proportion of their Eftates, then the faid Par- 
l6 43- c tj eS) if they be not aflefled above a proportionable 
]T^ft ' Part as other Men of their Ability have paid upon 

* the Proportions, or have paid upon the faid Or- 

* dinance, not exceeding the Twentieth Part, the 
' Rates fo aflefled to ftand without Appeal : Pro- 
' vided that no Perfon be aflefled above the Sum of 
jo/, the Week. 

* And, for the Encouragement of the Collectors, 
' Three-pence in the Pound fhall be allowed for 
e every Sum paid to the Receivers appointed by 
' this Ordinance ; Two-pence whereof fhall be al- 
' lowed to the Collectors, and the Refidue to fuch 
e other Perfons as {hall be employed in the faid 

* Service, according to the Difcretion of the Com- 
' miifioncrs. 

And that all the Monies aflefled may be col- 

. * leered, the refpe6ltve Afleflbrs fhall, within one 

' Week after their refpective Afleffments made, re- 

e turn their feveral Afleflments to the Commiffioneis 

' for their refpe&ive Divifions ; who are hereby 

* required, within ten Days after, to deliver a Copy 
c thereof, fubfcribed with their Hands, to the Col- 

* lectors within their Divifions ; and alfo to fend 
4 up another Copy to the Treafurer of the Army 
' raifed by the Parliament, for the Time being, that 

/ * the faid Treafurer may know thereby what he is 

* to receive of every Parifh, bV. within the Realm ; 
c which Sums (hall be paid to the faid Treafurer at 

* Guildhall, London. 

* And if any Aflefibrs or Collectors {hall refufe 
' the faid Service, or be faulty therein, the Com- 
' miflioners for the Divifions where iuch are, fhall 

* have Power to commit them to Prifon, or to fet 

* fuch a Fine upon them as they fhall think fit, not 
' exceeding the Sum of 20 /. upon the Aflefibr, or 

* the Sum of 5 /. upon the Collector, the fame to 
be levied by Diftrefs and Sale : And if any Perfon 

* fo aflefled as aforefaid, (hall conceal his Goods, 

* fo that no Diftrefs can be taken, or the Sum fo. 
aflefled levied by any the Ways in this Ordinance 


Of ENGLAND. 361 

' mentioned, then the Collegers fhall certify the An. 19. Car. J. 

* fame ; in cafe he be a Peer, unto the Lords in 1643 

4 Parliament j and, if he be under that Degree, to ^"" v J 

* the Committee of Lords and Commons appointed Au E uft 

* for the Advance of Monies ; which Committee 

* fhall have Power to fend for fuch Perfons as De- 
4 Jinquents, and commit them Prifoners to fuch 
4 Place within this Kingdom, and for fo long a 
' Time, as the Committee for Examinations fhall 
think fit. 

4 All the Afleflbrs and Colleaors, and all that 
e fhall aflift them in the Premises, (hall be protet- 

* ed, by both Houfes of Parliament, from all Da- 

* mage that may come to them by this Service ; and 

* fhall further receive fuch Allowances for their 
c Charge and Obedience in the Execution of this 
4 Ordinance, as upon Certificate from the Com- 

* miflioners, or any two of them, fhall be thought 

* fit by the Committee of the Houfe of Commons 

* for Examinations. 

' Laftly, Where noCommiflioners are named in 

* this Ordinance for any County, &c. fuch other 

* Commiflioners as are appointed by Parliament fhall 
4 put this prefent Ordinance in Execution within 
s any fuch County, &c. 

* Provided that no Peer of this Realm fhall, by 

* virtue of this Ordinance, be rated for any of his 
4 Manfion-Houfes, with the Appurtenances, in any 
4 Place whatfoever ; but that the AfTefTors fhall cer- 
4 tify the fame unto the Houfe of Peers, that fuch 
4 Peers may be there rated for the lame according 
4 to this Ordinance. 

4 And whereas, by this Ordinance, the Inhabi- 

* tants of the City of London are not to be rated, in 
' refpedl of the great Proportion laid upon them by 
e the late Weekly Afieffment for three Months, it 
4 is now ordered, That thofe Perfons within the 
4 faid.City of London, which have not paid the (aid 
4 A fie (linen t, formerly rated on them, (hall, in cafe 
4 they pay not the fame within twenty Days after 

* the Date of this Ordinance, be rated, for the Space 


An. 19 

362 Tke Parliamentary HISTORY 

9^ Car. I. o f two Months, as other Counties by this Ordi- 
L Hi ' nance are to be.' 

Augufl 4. The Lords received Letters from the 
i/loughbyofParbamt dated Augujl i,(but they 
are not entered in their Journals') giving an Account 
of the ill State and Condition the Parliament's Forces 
were in, in thofe Parts of Lincoln/hire where he com- 
manded ; defiring prefent Relief, both of Men and 
Money, elfe he could not defend them againft the 
Earl of Newca/lle's Army. It was ordered to be com- 
municated to the Houfe of Commons. 

The fame Day the Earl of Northumberland, from 
the Committee appointed to confider of Means 
for fettling the prefent Diftractions of the King- 
dom, reported, That they had confidered of a Pe- 
tition to be prefented to his Majefty, from both 
Houfes, to that Purpofe ; which being read and, 
after Debate, agreed to, a Meflage was fent to the 
Lower Houfe, to defire a Conference with them 
the next Morning. 

Augujl 5. The Lords took into further Confide- 
ration their Proportions for Peace, and ordered that 
theirSpeaker fhould introduce them to theCommons, 
at the Conference, with this Preface : 


Preamble to ihe Ct^HE Lords believe it too vifible to tie Under- 
Lords' Propofi- -* Jlanding of all Per/on^ that this Kingdom, with 
tions for Peace. ff y ^ /^^ Q f p lgnty Qnd ^ une i anc ^ t fo Fruits 

of our long and happy Peace^ mujl be forthwith 
turned into that Defolation and Famine which ac- 
company a Civil War : And that thoje Hands and 
Hearts ^ that Jhould fupport this Land, do now endan- 
ger it by unnatural Divifions : Which Confiderations 
have moved the Lords to fend Proportions again to 
his K'lajefty, in which {hey do dejire \our Concur- 
rence ; the Reafonablenefs and 'Jujlice of them being 
fuchy that if they be rejefted, our Caufe will thereby 

Of E N G L A N D. 363 

le Jirengthened t and the Kingdom encouraged to pre-An> i9 Car ' 
J'erve themfelves in their jujl Rights. L-*-v--- 


But though we are told the Conference was 
held this Day, yet the Report of it is not entered 
in the Journals; nor does it appear from thofe Au- 
thorities what the Propofitions of Peace were. Mr. 
Whltlocke pafles over this whole Affair in Silence. 
Mr. Rujhworth, indeed, gives us a Petition from 
the City of London againft them, but nothing more: 
This Deficiency is very luckily fupplied by Lord 
Clarendon, who has not only given us the Propofi- 
tions themfelves, but alfo the Arguments urged in 
the Houfe of Commons for and againft them. The 
Neglect of the other Contemporaries, in a Point 
of fo great Importance, is a fufficient Apology for 
our giving his Lordfhip's Account of this Matter, 
though he was not, nor could be, prefent at the 
Debate a . 

The Particulars propofed by the Lords were : The 

1. 'That both Armies might be prefently dif- thereof. 
banded, and his Majefty be entreated to return to 

his Parliament, upon fuch Security as fhould give 
him Satisfaction. 

2. That Religion might be fettled with the Ad- 
vice of a Synod of Divines, in fuch a Manner as 
his Majefty, with the Content of both Houfes of 
Parliament, fhould appoint. 

3. ' That the Militia, both by Sea and Land, 
might be fettled by a Bill ; and the Militia, 
Forts, and Ships of the Kingdom, put into fuch 
Hands as the King fhould appoint, with the 
Approbation of both Houfes of Parliament ; and 
his Majefty 's Revenue to be abfqlutely and wholly 
reftored unto him, only deducting fuch Part as had 
been of NeceiTity expended for the Maintenance of 
his Children, and not otherwife. 

4. c That all the Members of both Houfes, who 
had been expelled only for abfenting themfelves, or 

* meer 

# Hiftory, Vol. Ill, 8vo, Edit, p, 318. 

364. The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I.' meer Compliance with his Majcfty, and no other 
1643. < Matter of FadV agatnft them, might be reftored to- 
* "y"-* * their Places. 

5. * That all Delinquents, from before the 10th 
' Day of 'January , 1641, fhould be delivered up to 
' the Juftice of Parliament, and a General Pardon 
' for all others on both Sides. 

6. % And laftly, That there might be an Act of 

* Oblivion for all by-gone Deeds and A6ts of Hofti- 
4 lity.' 

Debate thereon ' When this Conference was reported in the 
in the Houfe ofHoufe of Commons, it begot a wonderful long 
3ns * and ii hot Debate, which lafted till Ten o'Clock 
that Night, and continued a Day or two more ; 
the violent Party (for there were yet many among 
them of more moderate Conftitutions, who did, and 
ever had, heartily abhorred their Proceedings, tho% 
out of Fear, or Indifpofition of Health, or not 
knowing elfe well what to do, they continued there) 
inveighed furioufly againft the Defign itfelf of fend- 
ing to the King at all, and therefore would not 
have the particular Propofitions fo much as con- 
fidered : 4 They had received much Prejudice by 

* the laft Treaty at Oxford^ and therefore muft un- 
' dergo more now their Condition was much lower ; 
' the King had fince that, upon ths Matter, de- 
' clared them to be no Parliament ; for if they 
e were not free, they could not be a Parliament ; 

* fo that till that Point was vindicated, they could 
e not treat in any fafe Capacity, but would be look- 
' ed upon under the Notion of Rebels, as his Ma- 
' jefty had declared them. They had fent Mem- 

* bers into Scotland to require AiTiftance, which 

* that Kingdom was preparing with all Brotherly 

* Affeclion and Forwardnefs ; and, after fuch a 

* )ifcovery, to treat for Peace, without the Privity 

* of the Sects, was to betray them, and to forfeit 
4 all Hopes hereafter of Relief from thence, what 
' Neceilities foever they might be reduced to. That 
' the City of London had exprefled all imaginable 
' Readincfs to raife Forces for Sir lifilliatn Waller ; 

* and 

Of E N G L A N D. 365 

* and the Counties near London were ready to rife An, 19. Car. I. 
6 as one Man ; whereby the Earl of EJ/ex would 

be fpeedily enabled to march, with a better Ar- 

* my than ever he had, to give the King Battle, 
' except this Difcourfe of Peace did extinguifh the 

* Zeal that was then flaming in the Hearts of the 

* But notwithftanding thefe Reafons, and the 
Pafiion in the Delivery, the Terror of the King's 
Succefies fuggefted Anfwers enough : t They had 
6 been punifhed for breaking off the Treaty of Ox- 
' ford) when they might have had better Terms 
' than now they could expect ; and if they omit- 

* ted this Opportunity, they fhould fare much 
' worfe ; that they were not fure of Aid from Scot- 
' land) neither was it almoft poffible it fhould come 

* Time enough to preferve them from the Ruin at 
' Hand : And for the City of London, though the 
' common and meaner Sort of People, who mi- T ht 
' promife themfelves Advantage by it, defired the 
4 Continuance of the Diftrations, yet it was evi- 
' dent the moft fubftantial and rich Men defired 

* Peace, by their Refufal to fupply Money for the 
' carrying on the War ; and if they fhould judge 

* of the common People by their Forwardnefs to 

* engage their own Perfons, they had Reafon to 
' believe they had no Mind to the War neither ; for 
' their General was forced to retire even undtr 
' their own Walls, for Want of Men to recruit 

* his Army. However, the fending reafonable Pro- 
4 pofitions to the King, would either procure a 
' Peace, and fo they fhould have no more Need of 
e an Army ; or, being refufed, would raife more 
' Men and Money than all their Ordinances with- 
' out it.' Thefe Reafons and Arguments prevail- 
ed ; and, after the Debate had lafted till Ten of 
the Clock at Night, it was refolved upon the Que- 
ftion, and carried by Twenty-nine Voices b , ' That 


b This Circumftance is confirmed by the Commons Jourr.ah ; 
wherein we fin<i the Numbers for taking the Lords Piopolitions into 
Confidcration were Ninety-four. Againft it, Sixty-rive. The Tel- 
lers for the Quetiion, Mr. Holla ar.d Sir Jobr. Evelyn', againft V, 
Mr, Muti>. -awdMr, Stride. 

366 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY" 

An. 19. Car. I. * they fhould infift upon the Propofitions, and fend 
< them to his Majefty.' 

^ ord ^ arendon proceeds to remark, That, with- 
out Doubt, if they had then fent, (as, if the Power 
had been in the two Houfes of Parliament, they had 
Which being by d ne ) a firm Peace had immediately enfued : For 
them, in feme befides that, if a Treaty and Ceflation had been in 
Meafurc, appro- tna [ Conjuncture enter'd upon, no extravagant De- 
* mand would have been preffed, only a Security for 

thofe who had been faulty, which the King would 
gladly have granted, and moft religioufly obfer- 
ved ; the fourth Proportion, and Confent to re- 
ftore all Members to their Places in Parliament, 
would have prevented the kindling any more Fire 
in thofe Houfes. But this was too well known 
to be fuffered to pafs ; and, therefore, the next 
Day, being Sunday, the feditious Preachers filled 
all the Pulpits with Alarms of Ruin and Deftru&ion 
to the City, if a Peace were now offered to the 
King ; and printed Papers were fcattered through 
the Streets, and fixed upon Gates, Pofts, and the 
moft public Places in the City and Suburbs, re- 
quiring all Perfons well- affected to rife as one Man, 
and to come to the Houfe of Commons next Morn- 
ing, for that 20,000 Irijh Rebels were landed ; 
which Information was likewife given that Day in 
many Pulpits by their Preachers ; and, in other 
Papers likewife fet up, it was declared, That the 
Malignant Party had over-voted the Good, and, if 
not prevented, there would be a Peace.' Thus far 
the Noble Hiftorian. 

This Apprehenfion of a Peace fo alarmed the 
Leading Men in the City of London, that the Lord 
Mayor (Pennington) who had been excepted by 
Name in the King's Offer of a General Pardon, 
call'd a Common Council at the Guildhall the 
fame Evening, though on a Sunday ; where a Pe- 
tition againft any Accommodation, and a Draught 
of an Ordinance for vigoroufly profecuting the 
War, was agreed on to be prefented to the Houfe 
of Commons next Morning (Auguft 7) : For tho' 


Of E N G L A N D. 367 

thefe Propofitions for Peace took their Rife in theAn.- 19. Car. 5, 
Houfe of Lords, the Citizens did not offer any Pe- 
tition to that Houfe againft them. Inftead thereof 
we find that, the Lords being met, they were in- 
formed that a great Concourfe of People were ga- 
thered about their Houfe, occafioned by feveral Pa- A rt Tnmult 
pers printed and difperfed all over the City the Day^S, m 
before, inviting the People to come down in an un- 
lawful Manner to Wejlminfter : On which they 
agreed to have a Conference with the Other Houfe, 
to let them know, That their Lordfhips did account 
this Manner of coming down a great Breach of Pri- 
vilege, and that they did adjourn their Houfe till the 
next Morning ; and that, if the Concourfe of Peo- 
ple ftill continued, they would adjourn themfelves 
to a further Time. Likewife to defire the Com- 
mons to join with them, to find out who printed 
and difperfed thofe Papers, and who were the Au- 
thors of them, that they might be brought to con* 
dign Punifhment. 

In the Midft of this Tumult came down alfo a And the City of 
feleft Body of Aldermen and Common Council tof,'"^ " P et ticn 

_.__ a . j, J -II T- r t" 6 Commons 

frejlminjter, with the Petition before-mentioned j a gainft any AC- 
and the Commons being informed they were at thecommodation j 
Door, they were called in ; when Alderman Atkins, 
one of the Sheriffs, in the Name of all the reft, pre- 
fented the following Petition : 

To the Honourable the Knights, Citizens, and 
Burgeffes, of the Commons Houfe, in Parliament ' 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor, Al- 
dermen, and Commons of the City of London, in 
Common Council aflembled, 


CT'H AT your Petitioners having heard that fuch 
-* Propofitions and Offers have been lately fent, from 
the Houfe of Peers, to this Honourable Houfe, which, 
(as we greatly fear) if yielded unto, would be de- 
ftruttive to our Religion^ Laws., and Liberties ; and 


368 The Parliamentary Hi s T OR Y 

An, 19. Car. lading already, by Experience, that the Spirits of all 
1643. the well-offered Party, in the City and Counties ad- 
t -v ' jacent, that are willing to ajjijl the Parlia?nent both 
Auguft. j n p er f on an d Purfe, are much Jejetfed thereat ; and 
the Brotherly Ajfiftance from Scotland, as well as th.' 
Rat/ing and Maintaining of Forces ourfelves, thereby 
likely to be retarded ; all which the Petitioners refer to 
yourferious Confederation ; and, confidering our prefent 
fad Condition, lies upon us in a f pedal Manner, through 
the incenfed Patience of the Jlmighty, by Delay and 
Want of Execution of Juftice upon Traitors and De- 
linquents j and, having an Opportunity yet afforded us 
to fpeak, our Deftres are, 

That you would be pleafcd to perfift in your for- 
mer Refolutions, whereupon the People have fo 
much depended, and wherein you have fo deeply 
engaged yourfelves, (though you fhould perifh 
in the Work) that Juftice may be done upon 
Offenders and Delinquents. And that, fince we 
are as willing as ever to expofe what we are, 
and have, for the crowning of fo good a Cauie, 
you will be pleafed, by a fpeedy palling the 
Ordinance hereunto annexed, or one to this Ef- 
fect, to put us in a probable Way for our and 
your Defence, wherein your Petitioners will, 
by the Bleffing of God, never be wanting j but 
fhall ever pray, &c. 

Who thereupon 1' ne Commons, after having read the Petition and 
reject the Lords' Ordinance, firft returned the Citizens hearty Thanks 
S f rfor their g reat Expreftons of Care for the Safety of 
the Commonwealth, &c. Next ordered their Com- 
mittee, formerly appointed to meet with the City's 
concerning the Militia, to receive fuch Propofitions 
as {hall be offered them, for the Safety of the City 
and Peace of the Kingdom : To prepare a Draught 
of an Ordinance upon them, and prefent it to the 
Houfe. They then proceeded to take into Con- 
federation the Propofitions for Peace fent from the 
Lords ; and, after a very long Debate, the Houfe divi- 
ded on this Queftion, Whether they (hould take thofe 


Of E N G L A N D. 369 

Propofitions into a more particular Confideration ? An. 19. Car. I. 

The Yeas went out, Mr. Holies and Sir John Hoi- l6 43- 

land, Tellers for the Yeas, and Sir Robert HarUy v 7"*7*^ 

with Sir Thomas Barrington, for and with the Noesj 

who brought in the Number of 81 of the former, 

and 79 of the latter. This nearDivifion occafioned 

a ftri&er Scrutiny} for the Houfe, not being fatisfied 

with the Report of the Tellers, divided again, when 

the Number of the Yeas that went forth were 8r, 

as before, but the Number of the Noes that fat 

amounted now to 88. A very odd Circumftance, 

unlefs we may fuppofe that nine Members came into 

the Houfe at that Interval ! 

Thus all Hope of an Accommodation, between 
King and Parliament, was flopped by the Commons j 
for another Queftion arifing at the fame Time, 
Whether that Houfe would concur with the Lords 
in their Propofitions, or not ? it parted in the Ne- 
gative without any Divifion a . But the Commons, 
to foften the Harfhnefs of this Vote to the Lords, 
appointed a Committee ^o prepare Reafons to be 
offered to them, why they diflented from them $ 
and particularly to defire their Lordfhips, at the 
next Conference, not to defert the Defence of the 
Kingdom at this Time-, for the Commons .would do 
their utmofl in tke Defence of the Lords, as much as 
for tbemfehes. They alfo refolved to recommend 
it to the Lord Mayor of London, to take fome Courfe 
to prevent all Tumults ; who accordingly iflued an 
Order, prohibiting, on the utmoft Penalties the 
Law could inflict, the making of any unlawful Af- 
femblies, or printing any Papers, &c. for that Pur- 

Two Days after this, (Auguft 9) as a Counter- 
poife to the foregoing Petition for continuing the 
War, another was prefented to the Commons for 

VOL. XII. A a Peace. 

a Lord Clarendon fays, The People about the Doors behaved fo im- 
perioufly, as to tell the Members of both Houfes, as they palled by 
them, That if they had not a good Anfwer^they would be there the 
' next Day with double the Number.' 

370 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 10. Car. I.peace. This was from ths Women ; the Men, as 
:6 *3 Lord Clarendon remarks, being deterred from any 
~'~ Anempt of this Sort by the late Execution of Mr. 
frmkins and Mr. Chuloner, and the Severities which 
followed the Difcovery of Mr. Waller's Plot. - 
This remarkable Petition runs thus : 

To the Honourable the HOUSE of COMMONS in Par- 
liament aflembled, 

SED WOMEN, inhabiting in the Cities of London, 
jler^ the Suburbs, and Parts adjacent, 


tvon from<7" HATjour-poer Petitioners, though of the weaker 
e Women of * Stx, do too fenfibly pfrceive the enfuing Defola- 
ndon, &c. faon o this Kindom, unles, b ame timely Means, 


, of this Kingdom, unlefs, by fame timely 

Pcacc< your Honours provide for the 'fpeedy Recovery there- 

of. Tour Honours are the Phyficians that can, by 
God's fpecial and miraculous Blejjing, (which we 
Itumbly implore) rejlore this languijbing Nation, and 
our bleeding Sifter the Kingdom cf Ireland, which hath 
now almoft breathed her lajl Gafp. 

We need not dl State to your Eagle-eyed Judgments 
the Way ; our only Defire is, That God's Glory in the 
true Reformed Protejlant Rfligion may be preferred ; 
the juft Prerogatives and Privileges of King and Par- 
liament maintained ; the true Liberties and Properties 
of the Subjtft, according to the known Laws of the Land, 
rejlored; and all honour able Way sand Means for a fpeedy 
Peace endeavoured. 

May it therefore pleafe your Honours, that fome 
fpeedy Courfe may be taken for the Settlement 
of the. true Reformed Proteftant Religion for 
the Glory of God, and the Renovation of Trade 
for the Benefit of the Subjed, they being the 
Soul and Body of the Kingdom. 
And your Petitioners, with many Millions of af- 
flicled Sculs, groaning under the Burden of 
thefe Times of Diftrefs, ihall (as bound) pray, 

Of E N G L A N D. 

We have before taken Notice of a Petition from An. 19. Car. I. 
the Female Sex at the Beginning of the Troubles, l6 ^ 
and Mr. Pymme's Speech to them at that Time b : * ~*~ ^ 
But this Gentleman feems now to have been great- 
ly out of the Ladies Favour, by what follows in. 
Mr. Rujhivorth's Account of this Matter : He tells 
us, ' That this Petition was brought up by 2 or 
3000 Women, generally of the meaneft Sort, 
(whom Lord Clarendon calls a great Muitituce of 
the Wives of fubftantial Citizens) with while Silk 
Ribbons in their Hats ; and was, by fome of their 
Number, prefented to the Houfe of Commons, 
who received and read the fame j and fent out Sir 
John Hippefley and two or three Members more to 
return them an Anfwer, * That the Houfe were no 
* way Enemies to Peace, and that they did not 
' doubt, in a fhort Time, to anfwer the Ends of 
' their Petition ; and defired them to return to their 
' Habitations c .' But the Women, not fatisfied, 
remained thereabouts, and, by Noon, were en- 
creafed to 5000 at the leaft ; and fome Men of 
the Rabble, in Women's Cloaths, mixed them- 
felves amongft them, and inftigated them to go 
up to the Commons' Door, and cry, Peace, Peace ; 
which they did accordingly, thrufting to the Door 
of the Houfe at the Upper Stairs-Head. The 
Trained Band advifed them to come down, and 
fuft pulled them ; and afterwards, to fright them, 
(hot Powder : But they cried out, Nothing but 
Poiuder ; and fome of them in the Yard having 
Brick Bats, threw them a-pace at the Trained 
Band, who then fhot Bullets. Yet the Women, 
not daunted, cried out the louder at the Door of 
the Houfe of Commons, Give us tbofe Traitors that 
are ugainji Peace, that we may tear them ta Pieces : 
Give us that Dog Pymme, &fc.' 

A a 2 Upon 

t In our Tenth Volume, p. 271, et feq. 

c The Petition itfelf is not entered in the "Journals : But thofe Au- 
thorities mention the Prefentment and Reading of it ; and that Sir 
Robert Barley, Sir John Corbet, Sir John hippefley, Mr. Buller, Mr. 
Noble, and Sir Edivard Bainion, were appointed to give vhe Petitioners 
an Anfwer j which was to the above Effeft. 

37 2 We Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ha, 19. Car'. I. Upon the whole, it appears to have been with fome 
1643. Difficulty, and not without fome Bloodfhed alfo, that 

* * ' this Mob of Female Petitioners was filenced and dii- 
Auguft ' perfed. 

Ordinance for Avgujl 10. The Commons fent up an Ordinance 
prefling of Sol- for preffing Soldiers, throughout the Kingdom; to 
diers. which the Lords agreed. It had this remarkable 

Preamble : 

' Forafmuch as the true Proteftant Religion, the 

* Laws and Liberties of the Subject and the Parlia- 

* ment, are in Danger to be. fubverted ; Idolatry 
' and Tyranny like to be introduced by Force and 

* Power of feveral Armies, railed by Pretence of 
' the King's Authority, confiding of Papifts and 

* other dangerous and ill-affedted Perfons of this 
' Kingdom, Irijh Rebels, Popifh Soldiers, and 
' others of foreign Dominions and Nations, noi be- 

* ing under the King's Obeyfance, for the Ruin and 
' Deftrudion of this Kingdom, unlefs the fame be 
' prevented by a confiderable Power of Forces, to be 
' fuddenly raifed by both Houfes of Parliament, be- 

* ing, with God's Bleffing and Afliftance, the moft 

* probable Way to prelerve the Kingdom, our Re- 

* ligion and Liberty. 

* Be it therefore ordained, &?<;.' 

Augujl 16. A Paflage which happened, as this 
Day, in the Houfe of Commons, is expunged in 
their Journals, as appears in the Margin, by an Or- 
der made January 6, 1645 ; by which Means this 
Affair is rendered fo dark and obfcure, that no- 
thing can be made of it in that Authority. We 
are obliged to Mr. Whitlocke for an Explanation, 
who tells us, * That one Mr. Saltmarjh, a Minifter, 
had publifhed a Book, in which were thefe bold Po- 
fitions : 

1. That all Means ihould be ufed to keep the 
King and his People from a fudden Union. 

2. c To cherim the War. under the Notion of 
Popery, as the furcft Means to engage the People. 

3- * If 

Of E N G L A N D. 373 

3. * If the King would not grant their Demands, ^n. 19. Car. ! 
then to rout him out and the Royal Line, and to t l6 *3' 
collate the Cro.wn upon fomebody e'fe. A^'uft ^ 

' This ftrange Doctrine gave OfFence, fays our 
Author, to fober Men; and Sall?narfl} was fent 
for and examined, before the Commons, about it ; 
when fome Exceptions being taken againft it, Mr. 
Henry Martin faid, That he Jaw no Reafon to con- 
demn Mr. Saltmarfh ; and that it was better one Fa- 
mily fhould be deftroyed than many. Sir Nevile Poole 
moved, That Mr. Martin fhould explain, 'What 
one Family he meant; who boldly anfwered, The 
King and his Children. Upon this fome Mem- ^ J^J 1 *,, 
bers urged the Height and Danger of thefe Words, the Tower fr 
and taxed him with his lewd Life; and, many r r ilingtheKing 
fpeaking very fharply againft him, he was com- ^ Royal Fa ~ 
mitted to the Tower : But, fhortly after, releafed, 
and re- admitted to his Seat in Parliament V 

The reft of the Affairs in both Houfes, for fe- 
veral Days, turned chiefly on Ways and Means 
to raife more Money and Men, in order to recruit 
and pay their Armies; the Lord-General -^^^The Earl of /*- 
complaining again very heavily for Want of both./?* requires far- 
He likewife added, That his Army was much vifit- therSu PP Jies ' . 
ed with Sicknefs ; and that though he was ready 
to march, yet he did not care to adventure the 
Commonwealth of England by a Battle, in fo weak 
a Condition, sV. Upon which Advice the Par- 
liament thought fit to difpatch a Committee of both 
Houfes to him, on the nineteenth of this Month, 
to learn particularly his Wants, that they might be 
fpeedily redreffed. This Committee returning, re- 
ported, That they had been with the General, and 
they had brought him to agree to the following Pro- 
pofitions : 

Fir ft * * That his Excellency intends to begin 

his March in three Days Time ; and that about 

A a 3 * Twelve 

Upon his Petition to the Houfe, prefented the fecond of Sep- 
tember following, he was ordered to be forthwith discharged, with- 
out paying auy Fees for his Impiifonrncat. 

Cotnmcr? Journali* 

374 ffl* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. l.* Twelve o'Clock, on that Day, he promifes to 

l6 43- draw his Army up to their Rendezvous on Houn- 

c. ~*~*J tjjgw.fjeat'.i ; whither he delires the Parliamenr to 

Aagutt. t j- enc j Commiflioners to be prefent and view the 

* Troops. 

' Next) Hedefired the City would fend to him what 
c Strength they could poflibly fpare, as had been pro- 
4 pofedto him by the Parliament. He approved of the 

* Motion that a Committee of both Homes nu-ht 
' conftantly attend the At my. 

4 And, lajlly-i The General expe&ed fuch Supplies 

* of Money as might enable him to proceed upon his 

Augujl 21. The Queen of Bohemia had hither- 
$o lived under an un'3ppy Pianet j and, though 
the Daughter of one King, Wife to another, and 
Sifter to a third, was now reduced almoft to beg 
her Bread of the Parliar.ent ; for, this Day, a 
lupplu ating Letter from her, directed to the 
Speaker of the Houfe of Lords, was read in thefe 
\\ ord* : 

My Lord, 

The Queen of ^1 N C E my la/I to you, whereby I craved the Af-^itTn $***" f tbe mo ft ti^urable Hsuje of Peers 
fom^Aikv^ncc; ' r >'->f> '*-'/' y u ar * Speaker) towards the Relief of tr.y 
fiomParliau-.ent.^; ffent Nfcffijt''es t 1 daily find my Burden growing 
heai 1 .'- the ij'f^er their Help is deferred ; which ma- 
keth 'nit trouble you once again by this Bearer, Crom- 
well my Servant, whom 1 fend expreJJy ever about 
this B "nets j deft- ing you to give him fuch Credit 
an .it a Is as my Occasions' may therein require. 
Hereby I entreat you to reprefent my earnejl Re- 
qnejt tt the rro/i Honourable Hiufe, if they would 
' be pua!c.i to grant me their favourahle Concur- 
. in this Time of my Need ; whereby I way 
be freed *?th from my pr 'effing Wants ^ and from 
ike Mr/i'.iffs which thereupon enfue. I have no 
Caufe to doubt lut that the Lords, under/landing 
tbe Extremity of my Cafe, will take an honourable 
Senfe tbtrttf; and hajien, on their Parts* the 

Of E N G L A N D. 37$ 

Means of my Supply ; wherecf I be/eecb you to af- An. 19. Car. I, 
fure them all that I /hall be ever fenfible, and re- l6 -3 

Your moil affectionate Friend, 
Haghe, June 29, 


The Lord? ordered, That this Letter he commu- 
nicated to the Commons, and to defire them to con- 
fider how the Queen might be fupplied with the Al- 
lowance formerly given her from this Kingdom, as 
foon as they could find .Means to do it. But very 
little was done in this Bufmefs. 

Many Ordinances now croud the "Journals of the 
Lords, all concerning Men and Money to fupport 
this unnatural War ; but none of them of Confe- 
quence enough for this Hiftory. The King, at this 
Time, as has been faid, was every where victo- 
rious, and his own Army fo ftrong, that the Earl 
of EJJex durft not cope with him. In this Situa- 
tion, the King and his Counfellors are greatly bla- 
med, by Hiftorians, for not marching directly for 
London, where he muft have either taken the Place, 
or forced the Earl to a Battle ; either of which 
would, in all Probability, have ended the War : 
For, at this Time, fays Wkitiockc, The Par- 
liament had no confiderable Body of an Army to- 
gether, and their Party in fome Diviiions ; but, by 
the Time of the King's March and Stay at Glou- 
cefter, they had recruited their Army, provided 
Money, and pieced up their Difcontents amongft 
themfelves V But fuch was the Unhappinefs of 
the Prince's Fate, that, after the Surrender of Bri- 
ftol to his Forces, he turned afide ; and, in Per- 
ibn, with his whole Army, laid Siege to G/ou-Tht Si^e of 
cefter. This was on the loth of Auguft, and the c/WM: ^< r 
Place holding out refolutely, it took the King; much 
more Time than he thought of, and proved fruitlefs 
in the Event. 


.*.' -' Mcmariali, p. 69, Col a. 

376 jfifc Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. M^. RuJJiwortb hath left us a Journal of this fa- 
l6 43 mous Siege ; and other Hiftorians, of thefe Times, 
v ~ v "7"" 1 ' a re ver 7 particular in their Accounts of it. To them, 
u u ' therefore, we refer, and {hall only take Notice, 
that the Parliament thought it a Place of fueh Im- 
portance, as occafioned both Houfes to make an Or- 
dinance, on the 23d of this Month, to authorize 
the Committee for the Militia of the City of London^ 
to order fix Regiments of Foot, confifting of 8000 
Men, and 1500 Horfe, to march immediately for 
its Relief. 

Auguft 27. An Ordinance for removing fuper- 
ftitious Images, Crucifixes, Altars of Stone, &c. 
pailed the Lords, which had been formerly fent up 
by the Other Houfe : It ran in thefe Words, and 
with which we fhall conclude the Affairs of tMs 

Ordinance for ' r |^ H E Lords and Commons in Parliament, 
removing taking into their ferious Confideration how 

S? g outof wel1 pleating 'it 's to God, and conduct-able 
Churches. ' to the blefled Reformation in his Worfhip, fa 

* much defired by both Houfes of Parliament, 
' that all the Monuments of Superfliuon or Ido- 
' latry fliould be removed and demolifhed, do or- 

* dain, That in all and every the Churches and 
' Chapels, as well Cathedral and Collegiate as 
' other Churches and Chapels, and other ufual 

* Places of public Prayer, authorized by Law with- 
e in this Realm of England and Dominion of Wales, 

* all Altars and Tables of Stone (hall, before the 
' firft Day of November, 1643, be utterly taken 

* away and demolifhed : And alfo all Communion- 
' Tables removed from the Eaft End of every fuch 
' Church, Chapel, or Place of public Prayer, and 

* Chancel of the fame ; and fhall be placed in fome 

* other fit and convenient Place or Places of the 
' Body of the faid Church, Chapel, or other fuch 

* Place of public Prayer, or of the Body of the 

* Chancel of every fuch Church,- Chapel, or other 
fuch Place of public Prayer ; And that all Rails 

* what- 

Of E N G L A N D. 377 

* whatfoever, which have been ere&ed near to, An, 19 Car. I. 

* before, or about any Altar or Communion-Ta- 1643. 

* ble in any of the faid Churches or Chapels, or ' v-J 
other fuch Place of public Prayer as aforefaid, Aoguft. 
'{hall, before the faid Day, be likewife taken ' 

' away ; and the Chancel Ground of every fuch 

* Church or Chapel, or oiher Place of public 
' Prayer which hath been, within twenty Years 

* laft paft, raifed for any Altar or Communion- 
' Table to ftand upon, {hall, before the faid Day, 

* be laid down, and levelled as the fame was be- 
' fore the faid twenty Years laft paft : And that 
' all Tapers, Candlefticks, and Bafons, {hall, be- 

* fore the faid Day, be removed and taken away 

* from the Communion-Table in every fuch Church, 

* Chapel, or other Place of public Prayer; and 

* neither the fame, nor any fuch like, {hall be ufed 
' about the fame at any Time after the faid Day : 

* And that all Crucifixes, CrofTes, and all Images 

* and Pictures of any one or more Perfons of the 
' Trinity, or of the Virgin Mary\ and all other 

* Images and Pictures of Saints, or fuperftitious 
' Infcriptions in, or upon, all and every the faid 

* Churches or Chapels, or other Places of public 

* Prayer, Church-Yards, or other Places to any 

* the faid Churches and Chapels, or other Places 

* of public Prayer, belonging, or in any other open 
c Place, {hall, before the faid firft Day of November* 

* be taken away and defaced ; and none of the like 

* hereafter permitted in any fuch Church or Chapel, 

* or other Places as aforefaid. 

* And be it further ordained, That all and every 

* fuch Removal of the faid Altars, Tables of Stone, 

* Communion-Tahles, Tapers, Candlefticks, and 
' Baforts, Crucifixes and Crofles, Images and Pic- 
' tures as aforefaid, taking away of the faid Rails, 

* levelling the faid Grounds, {hall be done and 
' performed ; and the Walls, Windows, Grounds, 

* and other Places which {hall be broken, impair- 

* ed, or altered by any the Means aforefaid, {hall 
' be made up and repaired in good and fufEcient 
? Manner, in all and every of the faid Parifli Churches 

* or 

378 *The Parliamentary HISTORY" 

." or Chapels, or ufual Places of public Prayer 

* belonging to any Parilh, by the Church- Warden 

* or ^.lurch-Wardens of every fuch Parifh for the 

-.e being refpeVively ; and in any Cathedral 

* o Collegiate Church or Chapel, by the Dean 

* or z-ib Dean, or other chief Officer of every fuch 
' ' Teh or Chapel for the Time being ; and in 

* the Lniverfities, by th feveral Heads and Go- 

* vernors of every College or Hall refpedively ; and 

* in the feveral Inns of Court, by the Benchers 
' and Readers of every of the fame refpec^ively, 
e at the Coft and Charges of all and every fuch Per- 
c frn or Perfons, Body Politic or Corporate, or 

* Parifliioners of every Parifh rcfpe&ively, to whom 
e the Charge of the Repair of any fuch Church, 
L Chapel, Chancel, or Place of public Prayer, doth 
' or fhall belong. 

' And in cafe Default be made in any of the Pre- 
c mites, by any of the Perfon or Perfons thereunto 

* appointed by this Ordinance, from and after the 
faid firft Day of November , 1643, that then every 

* fuch Perfon of Perfons, fo making Default, fhall, 
4 tor every fuch Neglect or Default by the Space of 

* twenty Days, forfeit and lofe forty Shillings to the 
' Ufe of the Poor of the laid Parifh wherein fuch 
Default {hall be made ; or if it be our of any Pa- 
riih, then to the Ufe of the Poor of fuch Parifh 
c whole Church is, or fhall be, neareft to the Church 
' or Chapel, or other Place of puolic Prayer, where 
fuch Default fhall be made ; and if Default fhall 

* be made after the fir ft Day of December, 1643 then 

* any one Juftice of the Peace of the County, City, 
' or Town, where fuch Default fhall be made, up- 

* on Information thereof to him to be given, fhall 
e caufe or procure the Premifes to be performed, ac- 
6 cording to the Tenor of this Ordinance, at the 
' Coft and Charges of fuch Perfon or Perfons, Bo- 
' dies Politic or Corporate, or Inhabitants in every 
' Parifh, who are appointed by this Ordinance to 

* bear the fame. 

* Provided that this Ordinance, or any thing 

* therein contained, fhall not extend to any Im?.c, 

Of ENGLAND. 379 

Pi/liK- or Coat of Arms in Glafs, Stone, or-^n. 19. Car, 

in p.iiy Church, Chapel, Church \ 
or "' . juulic Pr"-'-:r as afoie>'rid, it- up. or 

ft a > oeptcitiocr* 

grav .nly foi aMonumentol any :vi.i^, i j : 
or Noi-leman, or other ueav, 'on, winch 
not been comrrmi'y reputed <-r taken tor -a ^amc : 
But that all iuch In.a^cs, i <clures, ami (. 
of Arms, may ftand and co-ninue in iUc Man- 
ner and Form, as it this Uidmauce had i. 
* b^en made d .' 

Military Orders of various Kinds continue to S j r ^ K ,. 
be made by both Houfes, at the Beginning of theandhis 
Month of September ; nor is there any Thing el(e, ined L '? " 
material enough for our Purpofe, till the feventh of Com IODS * 
this Month : When Sir John Hotham was brought 
to the Bar of the Houfe of Commons, by Order, 
before he took his Trial ; and being acquainted by 
the Speaker, That he had Liberty to fpeak to the 
Houfe if he defired it, he faid, He had fome Peti- 
tions to prefent to them ; which was, That his 
Lady might come up with her Coach and Horfes, 
Children, Servants, and Evidences ; and fome 
Ooods and Plate he had left, for their Mainte- 
nance. He defired alfo, that he might continue 
where he was till his Trial : He proteited his own 
Innocency, and did not doubt, when he knew his 
Charge, but to make it appear as clear as the Sun. 
Being demanded, Whether he knew of any Mem- 
bers of that Houfe, or of the Lords, that had con- 
veyed any Treafure beyond Seas r He anfwered, 
He knew of none, if he were to die that Inftant. 
And being again afked, Whether he knew that 
Mr. Pymme had conveyed any Treafure in like 
Manner ? With fome Aftoniihment he afked, If 
that Queftion was afked him in Earneft ? Protefted 
he knew nothing of it, and that he had never re^ 
ported any fuch Thing. 

Then the Examination taken by the Committee, 
concerning the Cqrrefpondence he held with Lord 


A This Provifo feems to have been founded upon the Statute of 
3 and 4 Edward VI. Cap. 12. fir defacing of Images j which fee 
ia our Third Volurne, p, 254. 

380 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 19. Car. I. Digby , was read to him. And, being demand- 
l6 43- ed by the Speaker, Whether it was true or not 
V""~ V "T""' which he had there exprefled f He anfwered, It 
eptem r. wag tfue . Qn jy j n ^^ concerning Sir Hugh Cholm- 
ley, and Keyes^ his Son's Servant, were fome Mi- 
ftakes : For when Keyes came to him at //a//, 
he, wondering to fee him, faid, How the Devil 
camejl than hither ? How couldjl thou come through 
the Queen's Army ? and that was all he (aid to 
him. Further, he faid, the Lord Digby did fend 
a Declaration to him, to publifh to the World his 
Reafons for his turning; to his Allegiance to the 
King ; but he tore it in Pieces, and told him, That 
he could not ferve the King, till he had fent juft 
Propofitions to the Parliament. And being preffed 
by the Committee to anfwer to fome farther Que- 
ftions about Lord Digby , he faid, He was not 
bound to accufe himfelf e ; made no farther An- 
fwer, and confefTed that he did refufe to fign this 
Examination. After this the Commons proceeded 
to expell Sir John their Houfe, and to commit him 
clofe Prifoner to the Tower. 

Sept. 8. The Son of this unfortunate Father was 
likewife brought to the fame Bar, the Serjeant 
ftanding with his Mace within it, when the Speaker 
told him, If he had any Thing to fay the Houfe 
would hear him. Upon which he made a long 
Narration of the whole Carriage of Affairs, from 
the firft Time he took Pofleffion of Hull, to that 
of his Commitment ; acknowledging he had com- 
mitted many Errors and Offences, but nothing, to 
betray the Truft repofed in him by the Parliament. 
Being afked, as his Father had been before, If he 
could tell what Monies, Treafure, or other Goods, 
the Lord Say, Mr. Pymme, or any other Mem- 
ber of either Houfe, had tranfported beyond Sea ? 


e Lord Clarenitn gives a very particular Narrative of what palled 
between Lord Digby and Sir Jobn Hoibam, in relation to a Propof 1 
made by the former lor the Sujrrnder of Hull to the King, when he 
v.'as taken Prifoner in Difguife, on board the Ship Prvvidface. 

Clarendon, Vol. II. p. 705. 

We took fome Notice of this Matter in our Eleventh Volume, 
p. 356 t But the Whole is too long for our Purpofe. 

Of E N G L A N D. 381 

He anfwered, He knew of none, nor ever heard of An. 19. Car. I. 
any that knew any fuch Thing. Notwithftanding 
this the Commons expelled Captain Hotham, and 
remanded him ro the fame Cuftody he was before ; 
but ordered that a Warrant fhould be made to bring They are expel 
up both their Ladies, Children, Servants, &c. 
his Father had defired. toPrifon. 

In the Courfe of thefe Examinations, the Reader 
may obferve that Mr. Pymme is mentioned, a l ong A charge againft 
with others, as charged with fome indirect Prac-Mr. Pymme for 
tices. To do Juftice to the Memory of that greatindirea Prac- 
Man, on the fame Day Sir Edward Bainton^ a tlces * 
Member of the Houfe of Commons, was fent for, 
charged with faying, That the Lord Say and Mr. 
Pymme had betrayed the Weft and North. And be- 
ing demanded, Whether he had fpoke thofe Words 
charged upon him ? Anfwered, He did not fpeak 
them as they were there laid down. Being then 
demanded, What he had fpoken to that Purpofe ? 
Anfwered, That he had learned, fmce he had fat 
here, that he ought not to fpeak any Thing here 
that reflected to the Prejudice of another Member ; 
and therefore defired to be excufed, unlefs he were 
enjoined and commanded. Whereupon he was 
enjoined to fpeak the whole Truth : And then he 
faid, That he did not fay that Mr. Pymme had 
betrayed the Weft, but that he had betrayed his 
County ; which he did, by being a Means of de- 
taining him in Prifon, who only was able to main- 
tain and preferve that County, till the faid County 
was quite loft, notwithstanding many Orders made 
for his bringing up f : As for betraying the North, 
he knew nothing more of that than he had heard 
in the Houfe, which founded bad enough, viz. 
That the Offer of the Lord Savile and Sir Wil- 

f This Pafiage runs thus in the Commons' Journals : Probably 

Wiltjhire is intended, where Sir Ediuard Baintcn was a Deputy-Lieu- 
tenant of the Militia ; and had been fo alive in the Parliament's Ser- 
vice as to be particularly mentioned in the King's Declaration, on Oc- 
cafion of the Parliament's Ordinances for laying an Afleflment j which 
we have aiieady given in this Volume, p, 65, 

Parliamentary HISTORV 

An. ig. Car. 1. Ham Savile^ to deliver up to the Parliament's 

t \ *' Forces, York and that whole County, if they might 

September. not ^ e P :e j u d' ce ^ ' n their Perforis and Eftates, was 
prevented. Adding, That he had heard it laid 
and affirmed, with folemn and deep Oaths and Pro- 
teftations, That the Lord Cottingtcn had treated 
with his Majefty for the Pardon of the Lord Say 
and Mr. Pymme ; and that if they had had the 
Preferments they expe&ed^ we had not been brought 
to the Condition we now are in. Being demanded 
from whom he heard this, anfwered, It was from 
the Lord Grandifon's Brother, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Brett) and Serjeant- Major Juques, all Officers in 
the King's Army, and Prifoners with him at Clou- 

Which theCoro- Mr. Pymme, in Anfwer to this Charge, protefled 
mons vote to befolemnly, That he never had Intercourfe with the 
^a D dfcanda- Lord Cottington y by one Means or other, fmce the 
Difference between the King and Parliament : That 
he never received but two MefTages from him fmce 
this Parliament began ; the one was by Sir Arthur 
Ingram^ long before he died ; the other by Sir 
Benjamin Rudyard. Upon the whole, the Com- 
mons voted the Charge laid upon Mr. Pymmc by 
Sir Edward Bainton, to be falfe and fcandalous ; 
and that the faid Sir Edward fhould be forthwith 
fent to the Tower, there to remain a Prifoner du- 
ling the Pleafure of the Houfe. But, foon after, 
the Queftion being put, Whether Sir Edward Bain- 
ton fhould be now called to the Bar, and from 
thence fent to the Tower, the Houfe divided into 
20 Yeas and 40 Noes ; fo it patted in the Nega- 
tive. Howibever this laft Charge againft Mr. may be true or falfe, Mr. ll/hitlocke has in- 
finuated, in his Account of the Beginning of thefe 
Troubles, * That the Earl ofStrafforeTs Profecution 
might have been flopped, and the King's Enemies 
have become his Friends, if fome particular Per- 
fons had been gratified in their Expectations and 
Defires ; amongft whom he names Mr. Pymme to 
have been defigned for Chancellor of the Exche- 

Of ENGLAND. 383 

quer g - But it is very ftrange that neither this An. 19. Car, I, 
Memorialift, nor Mr. Rujhwortb, nor even Lord 
Clarendon himfelf, make any Mention of this Ac- 

. Sept. 9. The Reader muft remember, that, on 
the famous Affair of Ship Money, moft of the 
Judges who had given the King their Opinions for 
the Legality of it, were committed, fome to the 
Tower, others elfewhere. Amongft thefe, Sir Ro- ,, 

nil / L T/i-ru v The Proceedings 

bert Berkeley^ one of the Juftices of the King s- aga j n ft j u d ge 
Bench, had been long a Prifoner in the Tower, and Berkeley for his 
his Trial put off de Die in Diem, for many Months Opinion, in rela- 

i i -11 i r L l ' n to Ship- 

together, till this Day; when it came on peremp- M one y } rcv jvca. 

torily before the Houfe of Lords ; a Committee of 
the Commons being at the Bar to manage the Evi- 
dence againft him, concerning fo much of theCharge 
as refpecled Ship-Money only, and the Opinions of 
the Judges thereupon. 

Then, by the Direction of the Houfe of Lords, 
the Gentleman-Ufher of the Black-Rod brought 
Mr. Juftice Berkeley to the Bar ; where, after he 
had kneeled as a Delinquent, and being commanded 
by the Speaker to ftand up, the Committee pro- 
ceeded in the Charge : But firft acquainted the 
Lords, That whereas the Commons had impeach- 
ed Mr. Juftice Berkeley^ and brought up divers 
Articles againft him, they intended to proceed only 
upon the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth, which concerned 
Ship-Money h . 

Then the Lords commanded the faid Articles to 
be read, viz. 

IV. That the faid Sir Robert Berkeley^ then being 
' one of the Juftices of the Court of King's Bench, 

* and having taken an Oath for the due AJminiftra- ' 

* tion of Juftice, according to the Laws of this 


? Memorials, p. 39. 

h In the Proceedings of July 6, 1641, we took Notice of Arti- 
cles of Impeachment being exhibited againft Sir Robert Berkeley and 
other Judges. Thefe we pafled over with a Reference to RuJb-J 
worth, Na/fon, and the State Trials : But the Proceedings, and Sen- 
tence in Confequence of this Impeachment, are omitted in all thofe 

384 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ig. Car. i. Realm, to his Majefty's liege People, did, on the 
c laft Day of November, 1635, fabfcribe an Opinion, 

1 am of Opinion that, where the Benefit doth more 
particularly redound to the Good of the Ports, or ma- 
rine Parts, as in the Cafe of Piracy or Depredations 
upon the Seas, there the Charge hath been, and may 
be, lawfully impofed upon them according to Prece- 
dents of former Times : So where the Safety and Good 
of the Kingdom in general is concerned, and the whole 
Kingdom in Danger, of which his Majejly is the only 
Ju-ige, there the Charge of the Defence ought to be 
borne by all The Realm in general. This I hold agree- 
able both to Law and Reafcn. 

V. * That the faid Sir Robert Berkeley, being one 
' of the Juftices of the Court of King's-Bench, and 
' duly fworn as aforefaid. did, in February 1636, 

* fubfcribe an extrajudicial Opinion in an. Anfwer 
' to Queftions in a Letter from his Majefty ; which 

* was to this Effect : 

c \\T H E N the Good and Safety of the King- 

* VV dom in general is concerned, and the 
6 whole Kingdom in Danger, whether may pot 
c the King, by Writ under the Great Seal of Eng- 

* land, command all the Subjects of this Kingdom, 

* at their Charge, to provide and furnifli fuch Num- 
' ber of Ships with Men, Viduals, and Ammu- 

* nition, and for fuch Time as he mail think fit, 

* for the Defence and Safeguard of the Kingdom 
' from fuch Danger and Peril ; and, by Law, com- 

* pell the doing thereof in cafe of Refufal or Refrac- 
' torinefs ; and whether, in fuch Cafe, is not the 
' King the fole Judge both of the Danger, and how, 
4 and when, the fame is to be prevented and avoid - 
ed ?' 

May it pleafe your Moft Excellent Majefty, 
TT/'jE have, according to your Majefty s Command, 
federally, every Man by him j elf, and all of us 
together ', taken Into ferious Confideration the Cafe and 

Of E N G L A N D. 385 

^uejlion figned by your Majejly, and inclofed in your An, 19. Car. I. 
Royal Letter ; and are of Opinion, That when the l6 43- 
Good and Safety of the Kingdom in general is concern- V r"~" V T"""' i 
ed, and the whole Kingdom in Danger ; your Majejly ep em CT " 
may, by Writ under the Great Seal of England, com- 
mand all the Subjeffs of this your Kingdom, at their 
Charge, to provide and furnijh fuch Number of Ships % 
with Men, Vifiuals, and Munition, and for fuch Time 
as your Majejly Jhall think fit, for ihe Defence and 
Safeguard of the Kingdom from fuch Danger and 
Peril ; and that, by Law, your Majefty may compcll 
the doing thereof in cafe of Refufal or Refrattorinefs : 
And we are a/Jo of Opinion, That, in fuch Cafe, your 
MajeJJy is the fole Judge both of the Danger, and 
when and how the fame is to be prevented and avoided* 







VI. < That the faid Robert Berkeley, then being 

* one of the Juftices of the Court of King's Bench, 

* and duly (worn as aforefaid, did [on the loth of 
< February, 13 Car. 1637] deliver his Opinion in 

* the Exchequer-Chamber againft John Hampden, 

* Efq; in the Cafe of Ship- Money, That he the 

* faid John Hampden, upon the Matter and Sub- 
' fiance of the Cafe, was chargeable with the Mo- 
' ney then in Queftion : A Copy of which Pro- 

* ceedings and Judgment the Commons, in this 

* prefent Parliament, have delivered to your Lord- 
e {hips.* 

Then Mr. Maynard, one of the Committee, de- 
fired that Mr. Juftice Berkeley might have this Que- 
ftion put to him, Whether he did give his Opinion, 
and fubfcribe the faid Opinion ? 

Mr. Juftice Berkeley defired Leave of the Houfe, 
that he rriight have Liberty firft to make a Protefta- 

VOL. XII. B b tion 

386 ^he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13. Car. l. tion before he fpeaks any Thing of the Matter. The 
1643. Lords gave him Leave to do it ; and then he faid, 
I- !-- -^ He cannot but take Notice of the fupreme and un- 
September, queftionable Votes of both Houfes of Parliament con- 
cerning the Judgment againft Ship-Money, to which 
Votes he humbly fubmiis j and againft which he will 
not fpeak one Syllable. 

Then he confefled that about HilaryTtrm^ 1 1 Ca- 
roli, the Lord Chief Juftice Finch came to his Cham- 
ber at Serjeants-Inn, and told him he had a Cafe 
to deliver to him from the King, and he was to 
deliver his Opinion in it. He confefled he read 
and confidered of it, and he did fubfcribe to the 
Opinion now read, and he fubfcribed to it as his 
Opinion, according as he then thought the Law to 

Next he was afked, Whether the reft of the 
Judges did not fubfcribe the fame Opinion as it is 
charged ? 

He anfwered, That on the fixth of February the 
Lord Chief Juftice ferampfton fent to all the Judges 
to meet at Serjeants-Inn ; and there acquainted 
them, that he had received a Letter from the King 
and a Cafe inclofed, which he was to communicate 
as from him, and that his Majefty required them 
to fubfcribe their Opinions ; that the faid Cafe and 
Letter was read, being the very fame as in the 
Charge ; and that, upon Confederation, it was car- 
ried by the Major Part; and all the Judges fubfcrib'd 
the fame as their Opinion. 

Then being afked, Whether he delivered his 
Opinion, in the Judgment, in Mr. Hampden's Cafe, 
as 'tis charged in the Impeachment, which was for 
levying of Money ? He confefled, That, by Mr. 
Hampden's Plea of Demurrer, he conceived that 
Mr. Hampden had confefled the Neceflity that Salus 
Reipublicts periclitabatur : And he gave Judgment 
therein as he conceived then the Law to be ; but 
that he is now enlightened by the Votes of both 
Houfes of Parliament fince made ; and that he did 
not do any Thing out of Malice, but out of Error 
of Opinion. 


Of ENGLAND. 387 

Mr. Maynard and the reft of the Committee An. 19. Car. I. 
concluded with afhortReply, by Way of Aggrava- * 6 43- 
tion, That the Judgment was for Money, though L S '^"~ ' 
the Opinion was not : That the Judgment in Mr; 
Hampden's Cafe was extrajudicial, and the Judges 
had no Cognizance of it ; but they ought to have 
refufed any Judgment in it : That being fo great a 
Concernment to the Commonwealth, it was a Crime 
done to the whole Commonwealth, contrary to the 
Liberty of the SubjecT:, destructive to the Privileges 
of Parliament, and to the Petition of Right, and the 
Laws of this Kingdom. 

The Committee added, That this Judgment was 
contrary to his Oath as a Judge, being fworn to 
do equal Right, and to give Counfel between the 
King and the Subject, according to Law, as 18 Ed- 
ward III. Parliament-Roll : That this Crime was 
more than an Error of Judgment, though Judges 
have been queftioned and judged in Parliament not 
only for fane Judgment, but alfo for Error of Opi- 

And concluded with a Defire, That the Matter 
of Fact being confefled, their Lordfhips would pleafe 
to take the whole into Confideration, and inflict 
fuch exemplary Puniihment as their Lordfhips, in 
their great Wifdom, fhould think fit. 

Sept. 12. The Lords proceeded to Sentence 
againft Sir Robert Berkeley ; and having previoufly 
found him guilty of the Charge in the three fore- 
going Articles againft him, that High Court did 
award and adjudge, 

I. That the faid Sir Robert Berkeley, Knt. Jkall^z Lords pro- 
le fined in the Sum of 20,000 1. to be paid in '"^ft ten ** 
Guildhall, London, to be difpofed of by the Autho-*^ 
rity of both Houfes of Parliament, for the Safety of 
the Kingdom. 'And If It Jhall not be paid and fatis- 
fied within Jix Weeks next after the Date of this 
Judgment y other Courfe Jhall be taken for levying the 

1 L That he be hereby discharged from being a 

*fudge in the Court of King's Bench j made incapable 

B b 2 of 

388 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

of any Honour, or to hold any Place or Office in the 
State or Commonwealth for the future. 

III. That he Jhall be imprifoned in the Tower of 
September. L ont } orij during the Pleafure of this Hottfe a . 

At this Time it was that the Scots fent over 
Commiflioners from the General Aflembly of the 
Kirk of Scotland, with fome Proportions to be pre- 
fented to the Englljh Parliament. Thefe Commif- 
fioners were fome Noblemen and others, called Ru- 
ling Elders, with Minifters, &c. who delivered their 
Credentials to a Committee of both Houfes ap- 
pointed for that Purpofe. There had been a De- 
claration of Parliament, fent fome Time before into 
Scotland, concerning Religious Matters, to which 
thefe Commiflioners brought the following Anfwer : 

The ANSWER of the General A ffemlly of the Church 
of Scotland, to the DECLARATION of the Ho- 
nourable Houfes of Parliament in England. 

The Commif- ' T^ H E General Aflembly of the Church of 
fioners from the < Scotland, having received a Declaration 

2 e SLaS* from the Honourable Houfes of the Parliament of 
of ^Scotland- l England, by their Commiflioners now refiding 
pofe their Solemn * here, hath thought good to make known unto the 
tSSt to nd th C e~' Lords and Commons in Parliament, That all the 
Parliament of ' Members of this Aflembly, and others well-af- 
England. < fe&ed here, do, with moft Thankfulnefs, take 

' fpecial Notice of the Expreflions which they have 

* been pleafed to make in the forementioned Decla- 

* ration ; not only concerning their Approbation of 
' the Defires and Endeavours of the General Af- 

* fembly of the Church of Scotland for the Refor- 

* mation of the Church of England, and the Union 

* of both Churches in Religion and Church -Go- 
' vernment ; but alfo concerning the Resolution 
4 of both Houfes fully to concur with them in thofe 

* pious 

a Lord Clarendtn obferve?, That there were only ten Peers prefent 
at the palling of this Sentence: And that Sir Robert Berkeley was 
abated one Half of the Fine, and had his Liberty, upon prefent Pay- 
ment of the other to the Petfons appointed by the Parliament to re- 
ceive it. This laft Circumltjnce is confirmed by Mr ( 

at before eblcrvcd in our Tenth Volume, p. is, 

Of E N G L A N D. 389 

* pious Intentions. With the fame Thankfulnefs and An. 19. Car. I. 
' due Reverence they acknowledge the high Re- j^ 4 j' . 

* fpects exprefled towards them by both Houfes, in Se Member 
4 directing unto them their Commifiioners affifted 

' by two Reverend Divines ; and in defiring fome of 

* the Godly and Learned of this Church to be fent 

* unto the AfTembly fitting there. 

' The AfTembly doth blefs the Lord, who hath 
c not only infpired the Houfes of Parliament with 
' Defires and Refolutions of the Reformation of Re- 
' ligion, but hath advanced, by feveral Steps and 
' Degrees, that bleffed Work ; by which, as they 

* ftiall mod approve themfelves to the Reformed 
c Churches and to their Brethren abroad, fo fliall 
' they moft powerfully draw down from Heaven the 
' Blefling of Profperity and Peace upon England. And 

* as it is the earneft Wifti of their Brethren here, 
' that the true State and Ground of the prefent Dif- 
' ferences and Controverfies in England may be more 

* and more cleared concerning Religion ; 'and that 
' both Houfes may incefTantly profecute that good 

* Work firft and above all other Matters, giving no 
' Sleep nor Slumber to their Eye-lids^ until/ they find 

* out a Place for the Lord^ an Habitation for the 

* mighty God of Jacob, whofe Favour alone can 
' make their Mountain ftrong, and whofe Prefence, 
6 in his own Ordinances, {hall be their Glory in the 

* Midlt of them : So it is our Confidence that the 
c begun Reformation is of God, and not of Man ; 
6 that it ftiall increafe, and not decreafe, thro' his 
' Help, to whom nothing is too hard ; who can 
4 make Mountains Valleys, crooked Things ftreight, 
' and rough Ways fmooth ; and ftiall lead along, 

* and make perfect, this moft wonderful Work, 
' which ftiall be remembered to his Glory, in the 
' Church, throughout all Generations. 

* And left, through any Defect upon the General 
' Aflembly's Part, the Work of Reformation, which 
hitherto, to the great Grief of all the Godly, hath 
' moved fo flowly, fhould be any more retarded or 
' interrupted, they have, accordin^ to the renewed 
B b 3 De- 

390 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An/ 19. Car. I< * Defires of both Houfes of Parliament, and their 

1643. own former Promifes, nominated and elected Mr. 

*7** V 7*"*' c Alexander Henderfon^ Mr. Robfrt Douglas, Mr. 

September. < ^^ Rutber f or ^ Mr> ,^ r/ ^7^ and Mr . 

< ;0r Gillejpie, Minifters of God's Word ; J fi 

< Earl of Caflels, John Lord Mai t land, Sir jfrflfe;- 

< foA/ Jobnfton of IVarrifan* Ruling Eiders, (all 
of them Men much approved here) with Commif- 
fion and Power to them, or any three of them, 
whereof two (hall be Minifters, to repair unto the 

* Aflembly of Divines, and others of the Church of 

* England^ now fitting at Weftminjler^ to propound, 

* confult, treat, and conclude with them, and with, 
e any Commiffioners deputed by the Houfes of Par- 
c liament, if it {hall feem good to the Honourable 
c Houfes, in their Wifdom, to depute any for that 

* End, in all fuch Things as may conduce-to the ut- 

* ter Extirpation of Popery, Prelacy, Herefy, Schifm , 

* Superftition, and Idolatry ; and for the fettling of 

* the fo-much-defired Union of this whole Ifland in 

* one Form of Church-Government, one Confeffioti 
' of Faith, one Common Catechifm, and one Direc- 

* tory for the Worfhip of God, according to the In- 
' ftr unions which they have received, or (hall re- 

* ceive, from the CommiHioners of the General Af- 

* fembly appointed to meet at Edinburgh t from Time 

* to Time, with the Afiembly's Power to that End. 
And as the General Aflembly doth moft gladly 
6 and affectionately receive, and fully truft, the 

* Commiffioners and Divines fent hither ; fo do they 

* hereby commend the aforenamed Commiffioners 
' not only to the like Affedtion and Truft of the 
' Aflembly there, but alfo to the Favour and Pro- 
' teclion of both Houfes of Parliament. 

' And for the further Satisfaction and Encourage- 
' mem of their Brethren of England^ the whole Af- 
c fembly, in their own Name, and in the Name of 
c all the particular Churches in this Kingdom whom 
4 they reprefent, do hereby declare, That, from 
4 their Zeal to the Glory of God and Propagation 
fi of the Gofpel, from their Affection to the Hap- 

' pinefs 

Of E N G L A N D. 391 - 

c pinefs of their Native King and of the Kingdom An. 19. Car. I. 

* of England, and from the Senfe of their own In- l6 * _) 

* tereft in the common Dangers of Religion, Peace, Septem b e r. 
' and Liberty, they are moft willing and ready to 

' be united and affociated with their Brethren in a 
' nearer League and Solemn Covenant, for the 
' Maintenance of the truly Reformed Proteftant 

* Religion, againft Popery and Prelacy, and, againft 
all Popifti and Prelatical Corruptions in Doctrine, 
' Discipline, Worfhip, or Church-Government; and 

* for the fettling and holding faft of Unity and 
4 Uniformity of Religion, betwixt the Churches of 
' this Ifland and with the beft Reformed Churches 
' beyond the Sea ; which Union and Covenant dial}, 
6 by God's Affiftance, be feconded by your co-opera- 
' ting with their Brethren in the Ufe of the beft and 
' moft effectual Means that may ferve for fo good 

* Ends : For the more fpeedy effecting whereof, 
' to the Comfort and Enlargement of their diftreffed 
' Brethren, whofe Hope deferred might make their 

* Hearts to faint, the whole Affembly, with great 
' Unanimity of Judgment, and Expreffions of much 
6 Affection, have approved, for their Part, fuch a 

* Draught and Form of a mutual League and Cove- 
' nant betwixt the Kingdoms, as was the Refult of 

* the joint Debates and Confultations of the Com- 

* miflioners from both Houfes of Parliament, aflift- 

* ed by the two Reverend Divines and the Com- 

* miflicners deputed from the Convention of the 

* Eftates of this Kingdom, and from the General 

* Affembly ; expecting and wifhing the like Appro- 
' bation thereof by the Right Honourable the Lords 
' and Commons in Parliament, and by the" Reverend 
' Affembly there, that thereafter it may be folemnly 
' fworn and fubicribed by both Kingdoms ; as the 

* fureft and ftricleft Obligation to make both ftand 
and fall together, in the Caufe of Religion and 

* Liberty. 

* And as the States of this Ki ngdom have often pro - 
< feffed, in their former Declarations, the Integri- 

* ty of their Intentions againft the common Ene- 

' mics 

392 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. m ies o f Religion and Liberty in both Kingdoms* 

. i5 4 .l i ' and their great AfFe&ions to their Brethren of 

September. * England^ by reafon of fo many and fo near Re- 

lations ; fo doubtlefs, in this Time of Need, they 

will not fail to give real Proof of what before they 

* profefied : A Friend loveth at all Times, and a 
Brother is born for Advcrfiiy. Neither mall the 
< Aflembly, nor their Commiffioners, be wanting 

* in exhorting all others to their Duty, or in con- 

* curring, fo far as belongeth to their Place and 
' Vocation, with the States now convened, in any 
' lawful and poffible Courfe which may moft con- 
' duce to the Good of Religion and Reformation, 

* the Honour and Happinefs of the King's Majefty, 
' the Deliverance of their Brethren of England from 

* their prefent calamitous Condition, and to the 

* perpetuating a firm and happy Peace betwixt the 

* Kingdoms.' 

Both Houfes ordered this Anfwer to be fent to the 
Aflembly of Divines at Weftminfier. 

An Order agalnft Sept. 13. Information being given to the Lords, 
That * me Rooms in Somerfft-Houfe were broke 
open, and fome Goods taken away, an Order was 
made to protect that and the reft of the King's Pa- 
laces, as Whitehall^ St. James's, Greenwich-Houfe^ 
Richmond- Houfe, Hampton-Court, Oatlands, Theo- 
balds, Wimbleton-Houfe, with all other Houfes what- 
foever, of the King's, Queen's, or the Piince's. 
Thefe were not to be fearched or meddled with, but 
in the Prefence of one Lord and two Members of 
the Hou<e of Commons ; nor any Thing removed or 
carried out of them, without fpecial Order from 
both Houfes of Parliament. How widely diffe- 
rent is this from an Ordinance of th? Commons, 
after the King's Death, for the Sale and Dijpofal of 
the rich Furniture c-f thcfe Palaces, and the Pictures 
and Statues in them b ? Thefe laft would have been, 
Now, ineftimable. 


fc A Catalogue of thefe, with the Prices they fold for, (communi- 
cated by the late Jwn AiyKt, Efqj Gartw Kiog at Arms) will ap- 
pear in their proper Order of Time. 

Of E N G L A N D. 393 

Sept. 15. Sir William Waller having reprefent- An. 19. Car. l f 
ed to Parliament that he wanted a ftrong Rein- 
forcement to guard the City, the Commons made 
an Order for imprefling 5000 Men, out of feve- 
ral Counties, for that Purpofe ; in which the very' 
Watermen on the Thames were included j alledg- augment the City 
ing, < That, in Time of common Danger and Ne- Guard. 

* ceflity, the Intereft of private Perfons ought to 

* give Way to the Public/ To which the Lords 

The fame Day a Letter frrom the Earl of EJJex* 
and another from Colonel Maffey, relating the Con- 
dition of the Army, and of the City of Gloucejier, 
directed to the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, 
were read. Neither of thefe Letters are entered 
in their Journals, or in Rujhivorth ; and only 
that from the Earl is in thoie of the Lords, as 

follows : 

S I R, 

T Will not trouble you with the Particulars of our The Earl of Ef- 
March, you Jhall, God ^vi^ing, hear that morefifs Account of 
at large hereafter. You may be certified only here- J 5 ral 'J 1 f-f 
by, that the firjl Time the Enemy appeared before cc j}er. 
u;, was at Aynhoe on the Hill, with a very great 
Body of Horfe, which Colonel Middlcton faced more 
than the whole Day with but two Regiments t and 
jkirmijhed very often with them. The Enemy faced 
us afterwards, at Stow on the Wold, without en- 
gaging themfelves more than by fmall Skirmijhes. 

Upon Tuefday, in the Evening, the King's Forces^ 

feeing us approach, raijed their Siege from before 

Gloucefter, whither it pleafed Gcd we came very 

feafonably j for the Governor had not above two or 

three Barrels of Powder left ; yet had he managed 

his Bufinefs with fo much Judgment and Csuragf y 

that the Enemy, net knowing of J'uch Want, had but 

fmall Hopes of attaining their Dejires. We now 

jlay here only for the relieving of Gloucefter with 


394 Tie Parliamentary HISTORY 

.yiftual and other Provijions, of which there is an 
extraordinary Scarcity. 

That which I mujl prefs you earnejlly -with at 
this Time is, firft, That there be a fudden Provi- 
jion of eight or ten thoufand Pounds to be fent to 
that Garrifon, without which there will be an Im~ 
pojjibility of maintaining it this fainter ; the* DiJ- 
content of the inferior Officers and common Soldiers 
being very great, for Want of their Pay and Ar- 
rear ; they, at this Time, jujlly expeftjng rather Re- 
ward for their good Service, than Want of what is 

The fecond, That the thoufand Foot, which the 
Parliament is already engaged, by Promifc, to fcnd y 
may fpeedily march hither ; without which they will 
not be able to fetch any Provijions from the Coun- 
try ; but the Enemy will be Majier to the very 

The third, That Sir William Waller may be 
fpeedily fent down into thefe Parts, which is tfo 
only Means to preferve thofe Friends you have here ; 
for my own Army is in fuch extreme NeceJJity for 
Want of Pay, being now in an Enemy s Country, 
and at this Time within four or five Miles of the 
King's Army, where no Provijions can be had but 
for ready Money ; and fo little Hopes 1 have of a 
Supply from you, thai, unlefs we can prefently fight, 
we muji be immediately necejjitated to draw into 
fame other Place which may be nearer to Supplies, and 
have a more free Inter courfe with London. 

Your allured Friend, 

Tewkfbury, Sept. 10, ESSEX. 


After reading this Letter, and that from Co- 
lonel Majjey, the Commons paficd the following 
Votes : 

i. c That Colonel Majjey fhall have iooo/. be- 
ftowed upon him, as a Reward and an Acknow- 
ledgement of his Service, whereof 500 /. to be 
paid in prefent j and that it be recommended efpe- 


Of E N G L A N D. 395 

daily to the Committee for Advance of Monies, An. 19. Car. I. 
to take Care that the reft of the 1000 /. be paid with 
all convenient Speed ; and that the Lord-General 
be deftred to prefer him to fome Place of Honour 
and Profit. 

2. ' That the Arrears of the Garrifon of GIou- 
cejler (hall be forthwith paid, upon Account made ; 
and that the Money in Mr. Stephens's Hands (hall 
be made 4000 /. and that the Officers and Soldiers 
of that Garrifon fhall have a Month's Pay beftowed 
upon them, as a Reward of their Service; and the 
Committee for Advance of Money are to provide 
thefe Sums with all Speed. 

3. That it be referred to the Committee of Safety 
to take Order for the fending of the thoufand Men, 
the Troops of Horfe, the Piftols and other Provi- 
fions, as defired by Col. Ma/ey's Letter. 

4. * That a public Thankfgiving be held, on the A Thankfgiving 
next Lord's Day, 'in all the Churches of London and^yapp ' 1 ^ * 
tycjiminjlcr and the within the Bills of Mor- that Occafion * 
tality ; and that the Lord Mayor of London, and the 

Juftices of the Peace for Weftminfter y do give Di- 
rections accordingly. 

5. ' That a Letter be fent by both Houfes to the And a Vote of 
Lord-General, acknowledging the o-reat Service he T ^ an ^ s< " f< t( * 

, j i j n c L A i the Officers, 

has done, in the conducting of his Army in the Mayor, and 
difficult March to the Relief of Glouctfter; and to Townsmen, 
give him Thanks for the fame ; another to Colo- 
nel Maffey-y and a third to the Mayor and Townf- 
inen of Gloucejler^ to the fame Purpofe ; alfo a Re- 
ward of 20 /. was voted to the MefTenger of this im- 
portant News.' 

To all which, the next Day, the Lords gave 
their Concurrence. 

Thus ended the Siege of Gloucefter, the moft un- 
fortunate Step the King could have taken ; for, after 
it, his Affairs went backwards, in every Motion,, 
till they ended in his own Ruin. 

Sept. 1 8. This Day the famous Inflrument, cal- 
led The Solemn League and Covenant^ was de- 

396 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aft. 19. Car. l.bated in the Houfe of Lords. It was brought up 
1 43 ' out of Scotland by the Commiflioners fent laft 
to the General Aflembly of Divines, at IVeft- 
minJJer, and prefented to the Englifo Parliament 
for their Approbation, and was carried through both 
Houfes with fmall Oppofition. The Lords, par- 
ticularly, ordered a Committee of their Houfe to 
join with one of the Commons, and confult with 
the Scots Commiflioners about the Manner of taking 
of it in both Kingdoms. The Form of this Teft 
runs thus c : 

Solemn* "\T 7"E Noblemen, Barons, Knights, Gentle- 
League and Co-< VV men, Citizens, Burgefles, Minifters of 
bTtheTf//! ' the Gofpel, and Commons of all Sorts, in the 
parliament. ' Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland^ by 
' the Providence of God living under one King, 
' and being of one Reformed Religion, having be- 
' fore our Eyes the Glory of God, and the Advancc- 

* ment of the Kingdom of our Lord and Saviour 
' "Jefus Cbrift, the Honour and Happinefs of the 
c King's Majefty and his Pofterity, and the true 

* public Liberty, Safety, and Peace of the King- 
i * doms, wherein every one's private Condition is 

' included ; and calling to Mind the treacherous 
and bloody Plots, Confpiracies, Attempts, and 

* Practices of the Enemies of God, againft the true 
c Religion, and Profeflbrs thereof, in all Places, 

* efpecially in thefe Three Kingdoms, ever fmce 

* the Reformation of Religion, and how much 

* their 

c From the original Edition, published by Edward Hufkandi, Srp* 
tender 22, 1643. In the Title Page it is called A SnUnm League 
and Covenant, for Reformation and Defence of Religion, the Hontur 
and Happinefs of tbe King, and the Peace and Safety of the three King" 
domt o/"England, Scotland, and Ireland. 

After which follow thefe Texts of Scripture, which the Commons 
ordered to be primed in rhe Title. 

Jer. 1. 5. Come let us join ourj'el*oa to tbe Lord in a perpetual Cove- 
nant that Jhall not be jorgotten. 

Prov. xxv. 5. Takt aiuay the Wicked from before tbe King, and bis 
Throne fball be ejlablijked in Right eoufnefs. 

2 Chron. xv. 15. And all Judah rejoiced at the Oalb, far they 
bad /worn -Mitb all their Heart, and fought bin: with their ii-l ole 
Drfrc, and It was found of tkerr. j and tbt Lard gave tbtm Rejl r^nd 

Of E N G L A N D. 397 

* their Rage, Power, and Prefumption, are of late, An, 19. Car. I 

* and at this Time, increafed and exercifed ; where- 
of the deplorable Eftate of the Church and 
Kingdom of Ireland, the diftreffed Eftate of the 

* Church and Kingdom of England, and the dan- 

* gerous Eftate of the Church and Kingdom of 
' Scotland, are at prcfent public Teftimonies j we 
' have now at laft, (after other Means of Suppli- 
' cation, Remonftrance, Proteftations, and Suffer- 
ings) for the Prefervation of ourfelves and our 
' Religion from utter Ruin and Deftruction, ac- 
' cording to the commendable Practice of thefe 
' Kingdoms in former Times, and the Example 
' of God's People in other Nations, after mature 
' Deliberation, refolved and determined to enter in- 
' to a mutual and folemn League and Covenant ; 

* wherein we all fubfcribe, and each one of us for 
' himfelf, with our Hands lifted up to the moft High 
' God, do fwear, 

1. c That we {hall fincerely, really, and con- 
4 ftantly, through the Grace of God, endeavour, 
6 in our feveral Places and Callings, the Preferva- 
' tion of the Reformed Religion in the Church of 
' Scotland, in Doctrine, Worfhip, Difcipline, and 

* Government, according to the Word of God, 
' and the Example of the beft Reformed Churches ; 
' and we (hall endeavour to bring the Churches of 

* God, in the Three Kingdoms, to the neareft Con- 
' junction and Uniformity in Religion, Confeflion 
' of Faith, Form of Church-Government, Direc- 
' tory for Worfhip and Catechizing ; that we, and 

* our Pofterity after us, may, as Brethren, live in 
' Faith and Love, and the Lord may delight to dwell 
in the Midft of us. 

2. * That we (hall in like Manner, without 
' Refpecl of Perfons, endeavour the Extirpation of 

* Popery, Prelacy, (that is, Church-Government by 
Archbifhops, Bifhops, their Chancellors and Com- 
6 miffaries, Deans, Deans and Chapters, Arch- 
1 deacons, and all other Ecclefiaftical Officers, de- 
pending on that Hierarchy) Superftition, Herefy, 

* Schifrn, Profanenefs, and whatfoever fhall be found 

' to 

3 9 3 We Parliamentary HISTORY 

jftn. 19. Car. I.' to b e contrary to found Doctrine and the Power of" 

^_^^j * Godlinefs ; left we partake in other Men's Sins, 

September. ' and thereby be in Danger to receive of their 

' Plagues j and that the Lord may be one, and his 

' Name one, in the Three Kingdoms. 

3. * We (hall, with the fame Sincerity, Reality, 

* and Conftancy, in our feveral Vocations, endea- 

* vour, with our Eftates and Lives, mutually to 
c preferve the Rights and Privileges of the Parlia- 
c ments, and the Liberties of the Kingdoms ; and 

* to preferve and defend the King's Majefty's Perfon 

* and Authority, in the Prefervation and Defence 
c of the true Religion and Liberties of the King- 
c doms, that the World may bear Witnefs with our 

* Confciences of our Loyalty, and that we have no 

* Thoughts or Intentions to diminifh his Majefty's 

* juft Power and Greatnefs. 

4. We fhall alfo, with all Faithfulnefs, en- 
c deavour the Difcovery of all fuch as have been, 

* or (hall be, Incendiaries, Malignants, or evil In- 
' ftruments, by hindering the Reformation of Re- 

* ligion, dividing the King from his People, or one 

* of the Kingdoms from another, or making any 

* Faction or Parties amongft the People, contrary to 
c this League and Covenant, that they may be 
' brought to public Trial, and receive condign Pu- 
' nifhment, as the Degree of their Offences fhall 

* require or deferve, 'or the Supreme Judicatories of 
both Kingdoms refpeclively, or others having 

* Power from them for that Effect, fhall Judge con- 

* venient. 

5. * And whereas the Happinefs of a blefled Peace 

* between thefe Kingdoms, denied in former Times 

* to our Progenitors, is, by the good Providence of 
' God, granted unto us, and hath been lately con- 

* eluded and fettled by both Parliaments, we fhall 

* each one of us, according to our Places and In- 
' terefts, endeavour that they may remain conjoined 
' in a firm Peace and Union to all Pofterity ; and 
' that Juftice may be done upon the wilful Oppo- 

* fers thereof, in Manner exprefled in the precedent 

6. <Wc 

Of E N G L A N D. 399 

6. ' We fhall alfo, according to our Places and An. 19. Car. f. 

* Callings, in this common Caufe of Religion, Li- 

berty, and Peace of the Kingdoms, affift and de- *punter?' 

* fend all thofe that enter into this League and Co- 

* venant, in the maintaining and purfuing thereof; 

* and fhall not fuffer ourfelves, directly or indirectly, 
' by whatfoever Combination, Perfuafion, or Ter- 

* ror, to be divided and withdrawn from this blef- 
' fed Union and Conjunction, whether to make 

* Defection to the contrary Part, or to give our- 
' felves to a deteftable Indifferency or Neutrality in 
' this Caufe which fo much concerneth the Glory 
' of God, the Good of the Kingdoms, and Honour 

* of the King ; but fhall, all the Days of our Lives, 
' zealoufly and conftantly continue therein, againft 
' all Oppofition, and promote the fame, according 
' to our Power, againft all Lets and Impediments 
' whatfoever ; and what we are not able ourfelves to 

* fupprefs or overcome we (hall reveal and make 
' known, that it may be timely prevented or remo- 
' ved : All which we fhall do as in the Sight of 

' And becaufe thefe Kingdoms are guilty of ma- 
c ny Sins and Provocations againft God and his Son 
' Jefus Cbrijl, as is too manifeft by our prefent Di- 
' ftreffes and Dangers, the Fruits thereof, we profefs 
' and declare, before God and the World, our un- 
' feigned Defire to be humbled for our own Sins, and 
' for the Sins of thefe Kingdoms ; efpecially, that 
' we have not, as we ought, valued the ineftimable 
' Benefit of the Gofpel ; that we have not laboured 
' for the Purity and Power thereof; and that we 

* have not endeavoured to receive Chrift in our 
' Hearts, nor to walk worthy of him in our Lives, 

* which are the Caufes of other Sins and Tranf- 
' greffions, fo much ajbounding amongft us; and 
' our true and unfeigned Purpofe, Defire, and En- 

* deavour for ourfelves, and all others omder our 

* Power and Charge, both in Public and Private, in 
c all Duties we owe to God and Man, to amend 
' our Lives, and each one to go before another in 

* the Example of a real Reformation, that the 


400 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I.' Lord may turn away his Wrath and heavy Indig- 

t *_ 4 j' ' nation, and eftablifh thefe Churches and Kingdoms 

September. ' m Truth and Peace. And this Covenant we make 

' in the Prefence of Almighty God, the Searcher of 

' all Hearts, with a true Intention to perform the 

* fame, as we fhall anfwer at that great Day when 

* the Secrets of all Hearts fhall be difclofed ; moil 
' humbly befeeching the Lord to ftrengthen us by 

* his Holy Spirit for this End, and to blefs our De^ 

* fires and Proceedings with fuch Succefs, as may 
' bring Deliverance and Safety to his People, and 
' Encouragement to the Chriftian Churches groan- 
' ing under, or in Danger of, the Yoke of Anti- 
' Chriftian Tyranny, to join in the fame, or like 

* Aflociation and Covenant, to the Glory of God, 

* the Enlargement of the Kingdom of Jejus Chrijt, 

* and the Peace and Tranquillity of all Chriftian 
' Kingdoms and Commonwealths.' 

The Commons Before this Covenant was wholly agreed to by 

defire the Artem- both Houfes, the Commons having referred it, as 

o'inloSSnt 3 Cafe of Confcience > to 'I 16 Aflembly of Divines at 

f P Confcience! n Weftminfter for their Opinion of the Matter ; thefe 

Godly and Learned Minifters of the Gofpel of 

Peace appeared before the Houfe, and exprefled 

themfelves as follows : 

' That they had, after a particular Seeking of God 
for his fpecial Direction in this Bufmefs, fully de- 
bated and confidered of it, in all its feveral Particu- 
lars : That they did approve of the faid Covenant, 
and judged it lawful, in Point of Confcience, to be 
taken : That they did humbly advife that the fol- 
lowing Explications fhould be fubjoined to the Co- 
venant, viz. 

1. ' By the Claufe in the firft Article of the Cove- 
nant, According to the Word of God, they understood, 
So far as we do, or Jhall, in our Confcience 'S 9 conceive 
the fame to be according to the Will of God. 

2. ' By Prelacy, in the fecond Article, they under- 
ftood, Church-Government by Archbifljops* Bijhops, 
their Chancellors, Commijjliries 9 Deans y Deans and 


Of N CX AND. 401 

Chapters, Archdeacons, and other Ecclejiajlical Officers, An. 19. Car. I 
depending upon the Hierarchy. 

* The Prolocutor made a pious Speech after the 
Delivery of thefe Opinions ; in which he defired 
that, in the taking of this Covenant, the People 
might be thoroughly informed of the Grounds, Rea- 
fpns, and Confequences of it, being a Matter of fo 
vaft Importance : Concluding with the Prayers of 
the Aflembly, That God would be pleafed to return 
in Mercy to his People , and pitch his Tents over, and 
about, them.' 

Matters being thus fettled in Faro Confcientite, 
this new Oath went fmoothly down : It was firft 
taken by all the Lords and Commons then in Town; 
all the Officers in their Army were ftri&Jy enjoined 
to do the fame; and afterwards it was ordered to be 
taken throughout the Kingdom. 

Sept. 23. This Day a Conference was held be- The Battle l! 
tween the two Houfes, at which the Commons pre-' 
fented to the Lords a Letter of Advice they had 
received from the Earl of JSffex's Secretary, dated 
from Rending the Day before. This Letter was> to 
inform the Parliament of a Battle between the two 
Armies ; but it is not entered in the Journals. It 
was fought on the 2Oth of Sept ember , near Newbury^ 
in Berk/hire, and is related at large by Clarendon^ 
Rujhvjorth, &c. Here both Sides again claimed the 
Viaory, as in the firft Battle at Edge-Hill. The 
Parliament, particularly, made themfelves fure of it, 
and ordered a Committee of both Houfes to fend to 
their Lord-General and the Army forthwith, to let 
them know what great Value and Efteem the Houfes 
had for his Excellency's Conduct, and the great 
Service done by them all, with the Blefiing of God; 
to acquaint him alfo, that they were ufmg all En- 
deavours to fupply the Army, and fending addi- 
tional Forces, in order to take this Opportunity for 
the profecuting and perfecting of the Work. They 
alfo fent a Committee into the City, to inform them 
of this great Victory, and the Advantages that 

VOL. XII. C c might 

402 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, ig. Car. I. might be hoped for from it : To urge the Citizens 
1643. to Tend a Reinforcement: of Men, with a Supply of 
v. > v -i *j Money and Provifions ; and to ufe all Diligence to 
September, hinder any fuch from being fent to the King's Ar- 
my : Likewife to order a Day of Thanjcfgtving 
Parliament order w ' tnm London and Weftminfter, and the Liberties 
Day of Thankf- thereof, for the great Succefs of their Lord-General, 

Sept. 25. This Day having been appointed by 
The Manner of Parliament for their taking the Solemn League and 
taking the Co- Covenant, both Houfes, with the Aflembly of Di- 
venant by both vines and Scots Commiflioners, met at St. Marga- 
ret '3, Weftminjler^ for that Purpofe. It appears, by 
the Commons' Journals, that an Order was made by 
them fo: printing a Narrative of the whole Proceed- 
ings and Manner of taking this Covenant, together 
with the Prayers, Exhortations, and Pialms ufed 
upon that Occafion. But as this Piece, publifhed 
by Authority, never yet fell into our Hands, we 
ihall content ourfelves with giving Mr. Hfyitkckfs 
and Lord Clarendon's Account of the Ceremonial. 

The former tells us b , ' That Mr. ff^hite^ one 
of the Affembly, prayed an Hour to prepare them 
for taking the Covenant : Then Mr. Nye, in the 
Pulpit, made fome Obfervations touching the Co- 
venant, fhewing the Warrant of it from Scripture, 
the Examples of it fince the Creation, and the Be- 
nefit of it to the Church. Mr. Henderfcn, one of 
the Scots Commiflioners, concluded in a Declaration 
of what the Scots had done, and the Good they had 
received, by fuch Covenants ; and then he {hewed 
the Prevalency of ill Counfels about the King, and 
the Refolutions of the States of Scotland to aflift the 
Parliament of England. Next Mr. Nye, in the 
Pulpit, read the Covenant, and all prefent held up 
their Hands, in Teftimony of their Aflent to it. 
The Divines of the Aflembly, and the Scots Com- 
miflioners, fubfcribed it ; and then Dr. Gouge^ in 
the Pulpit, prayed for a Blefling upon it. After- 
wards the Members of Parliament, in their refpec- 

b Mtvorlah, p. 70. 

Of E N G L A N D. 403 

live Houfes, fubfcribed their Names in a Parchment An. 19. Car. I. 
jRoll, where the Covenant was written.' Thus far l6 43 
Mr. Whithcke. ^ /7- 1 

Lord Clarendon's Account of this Matter runs eptea 
thus c : ' The Lords and Commons, and their Af- 
fembly of Divines, met together at the Church, 
with great Solemnity, to take the Covenant, on the 
25th Day of September j a double Holiday, by the 
Earl of J/~ex's Return to London, and this religious 

' There two or three of their Divines went up 
into the Pulpit fuccefiively, not to preach, but to 
pray ; others, according to their feveral Gifts, to 
make Orations upon the Work of th3 Day. They 
were by them told, ' That this Oath was fuch, 
' and, in the Matter and Confequence of it, of fuch 

* Concernment, as it was truly worthy of them, 

* yea of thofe Kingdoms, yea of all the Kingdoms 

* of the World : That it could be no other but the 
' Refult and Anfwer of fuch Prayers and Tears, of 
' fuch Sincerity and Sufferings, that Three King- 
' doms fhould be thus born, or rather new-born, in 

* a Day : That they were entering upon a Work of 

' the greateft Moment and Concernment to them- , 

felves, and to their Pofterities after them, that 
' ever was undertaken by any of them, or any of 
' their Fore-fathers before them : That it was a 

* Duty of the firft Commandment, and therefore of 
' the higheft andjiobleft Order and Rank of Duties; 
' therefore muft come forth, attended with choiceft 
e Graces, Fear, Humility, and in the greateft Sim- 
' plicity and Plainnefs of Spirit, and Refpect of thofe 
' with whom they covenanted : That it was to ad- 
' vance the Kingdom of Chriji here upon Earth, 
' and make Jeru/aiem once more the Praife of the 
' whole Earth, notwithftanding all the Contradic- 
' tions of Men.' 

' As foon as this Solemnity was over, Mr. Hen- 

derfon, one of the Ecclefiaftical Commiffioners from 

Scotland, magnified what they had done, and afiured 

C c 2 them 

Hiftory, Vol. Ill, p. 372, 376, 

404 7$ Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. them ' of great Succefs after it, by the Experience 

1643. of that Nation, who, from their Union in the firft 

* v^-' < Covenant, found, nothing hard they proppfed to 

September. t tnem f e i ves . anc ] to ld tnen1) tnat were that Cove- 

' nant now painted upon the Wall within the Pope's 

* Palace, it would doubtlefs put him into Belfiaz- 

* ztzr's quaking Condition ;' with many fuch high 
Expreffions, as can hardly be conceived without the 
View of the Records and Regiftry that is k?pt of 

Several Lords then in Town, the Earl of Nor- 
thumberland for one, did not appear at this Cere- 
mony ; many Members of the Commons were alfo 
abfent, and fent their Excufes, next Day, for ill 
Health, or otherwife ; but took it afterwards d . 

Ordinance for Sept. 26. An Ordinance was agreed to by both 

fequeftring the Houfes for an abfolute Sequeftration of the King's Re- 
Revenue of the venue, with thofe of the Queen and Prince oiWales^ 

al and f f izin S them for the Ufe of the Parliamen t> to 
be printed and publiflied all over the Kingdom. 

Sept. 28. The Earl of EJJex, being come up to 
Town, was complimented by the Speakers of both 
Houfes on his late Victory ; and this Day he pre- 
fcnted to the Lords feveral Colours taken, at the 
late Battle at Newbury, from the King's Army; one 
of which had the Picture of the Houfe of Lords, with 
two Heads upon each End of it, and this Motto, 
UT EXTRA sic INTUS. Another was a Cavalier 
in Purfuit of a Roundhead ; the Word of the Round- 
head, QUARTER ; the Cavalier's, Qyi SEqyiTUR 

A Ceflation of About this Time the Parliament being alarmed 

Arms with the with the News of a Ceflation of Arms with the 

Irijh Rebels Rebels in Ireland^ agreed to by the Council of 

agreed to by the State in ^^ Kingdom, feveral Votes were pafled, 

and a Declaration framed againft it. The whole 

of this Proceeding, with the Articles of Ceflation 


d Their Names (being in Number 228) are all fet down in Rujk- 
wcrtb's Collcituns, p, 480, and in HufiandiS, p. 426. 

Of E N G L A N D. 405 

which were agreed on, may be feen in Rujhworth ;An, 19. Car. I. 
but we fhall content ourfelves with the Form of the t l6 43- ^ 
Declaration only, fince it feems to fum up all that sc umber 
can be faid about this Matter. 

ajjembled in Parliament^ again/I the intended CES- 
SATION, or TREATY, with the Irifh Rebels. 

< /I S it is evident to all the World, that this lateThe Parlia- 
' JLJL horrid Rebellion of the Papifts in ^ reland -> m ^ ^^" 

* did, without any Colour or Pretext of Provocation, 11011 asam ' ' 
' profefledly and boldly aim at the Deftrudtion of the 

* Proteftant Religion, the Rejecting of the Laws 

* of England, and the Extirpation of the Britifk 

* Inhabitants out of that Kingdom : So it is no lefs 

* manifeft, that this Parliament of England (to 
' whom his Majefty hath left the managing of the 
c War againft thofe" Rebels) hath taken the Troubles 

* of Ireland to Heart, with that Refentment and 
' Companion as may evidence their Zeal to Reli- 

* gion, their Love to their diftrefled Countrymen, 
' and Brethren there, in thefe Times, when the 

* like Jefuitical Practices have caft England into 
' woful Diftractions and an unnatural War ; not- 
' withftanding which the reducing of Ireland hath 
ftill been a chief Part of the Care of this Parlia- 

* ment : And God hath been pleafed to blefs our 
' Endeavours with fuch Succefs, as that thofe fu- 

* rious, blood-thirfty Papifts have been ftopped in 
4 the Career of their Cruelty j fome Part of the 
' Proteftant Blood, which at firft was fpilt like 

* Water upon the Ground, hath been revenged ; 
' their Maflacres, Burning, and Famifhings, have, 

* by a Divine Retaliation, been repaid into their 

* Bofom ; and the Proteftant Party hath been erect" 

* ed to that Condition of Strength and Hope, that 

* their Enemies are conftrained (diftrufting their 

* Forces) to have Recourfe to their Craft and Po- 
' licies ; and therefore, by their fubtle Agents at 
' Court, and their active Inftruments elfewhere, 
' have been endeavouring now, of a long Time, 

C c 3 io 

40 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I.' to make our Armies in Ireland difaffectcd to the 
t Parliament; what by Occafion of their Wants 
' Jlot ^ rea( ^ty ^ u PP^ e d as their Need required, 
' what By amufing them with thefe unhappy Dif- 
' Terences fallen in here between King and People ; 

* labouring, by thefe Means, to divide thofe Forces 
' into Factions, to the End the main Work they 
' have in Hand might be neglected ; which is the 
c piofecuting of the War againft the Rebels, fo 

* far brought low in fome Parts of Ireland, that , 

* if they can be deprived of the Benefit of this Har- 
' veft, they are not likely to fee the next Summer. 

* Now the Rebels finding, that notwithftanding 
f the Diftractions here occasioning the Slownefs and 

* Scarcenefs of Supplies, yet they themfelves are in 

* a far worfe Condition, being in Want of moft 

* Things necefiary, not only for the maintaining of 

* a War, but even of Life ; (the Judgment of God 
' being remarkable upon them in this, that as their 

* bloody and treacherous Religion made them inhu- 
' manly cruel in {bedding the Proteftants' Blood ; 
' fo now the Famine, amongft many of them, hath 

* made them unnaturally, and Cannibal like, eat 

* and feed one upon another) therefore, that they 
c may have Time to expect from their Friends 

* abroad new Supplies both of Victuals and Ammu- 

* nition, and may, without Moleftation, reap the 
e Fruit of this Harveft, they have laboured a Treaty 
c for a Ceflation ; which Project of theirs doth no 

* lefs aim at the Overthrow of the Remainder of the 
e Proteftants in that Kingdom, than their treachc- 

* rous taking of Arms at firft did intend the De- 
ftruction of them all j for their Ceffation and Ho- 
' ftility, their War and Peace, are alike to be 
' efteemed of; and with thofe, that neither in Peace 
' nor War keep any Faith, it is beft to be in per- 

* petual Defiance: Therefore the Lords and Com- 

* mons in Parliament aflembled, according to their 
' continued Care of that Kingdom of Ireland, do, 
' in a fpecial Manner, take into their Confideration 
the Condition thereof, upon this Occafion of an 


Of ENGLAND. 407 

* intended Cefiation ; and fo much the rather, be- An. 19. Car. Tj 
6 caufe it is feared that the Proteftant Forces, thro' l6 43- 

' Want of Provilions for their Armies, may at laft, ~ 

* if not relieved, be perfuaded to admit of this 

* Courfe, in Hope thereby to procure fome Means 

* for their Subiilting ; as alfo becaufe there is too 

* much Ground to fufpecl: that, if this CefTation 
4 fhould be agreed unto, they might have Oppor- 

* tunity to join with the Popifii Party here for their 
' greater Strengthening ; and though it were to 
' have no Influence upon this Kingdom, yet the 
' evil Confequences of it are fo many and perni- 
' cious to Ireland, that this Parliament would be- 

* tray the Truft repofed in them, if they did not 

* declare againft this Cefiation, and ufe all Means 

* in Time to make it prove abortive : And therefore 
' they defire it may be obferved and taken Notice 

4 Firft, From whence the Counfel and Defign of 

* this Ceffation arifeth, even from the Rebels and 
' Papifts themfelves for their own Prefervation ; for 

* foon after they had miffed of theit intent, to make 

* themfelves abfolute Mafters of that Kingdom of 

* Ireland by their treacherous Surprizes ; and fee- 
< ing that this Kingdom did, with moft Chriftian 
' and generous Refolutions, undcitake the Charges 
' of the War for the Relief and Recovery of Ireland, 
' Proportions were brought over from the Rebels 

* by the Lords Dillon and Taafe, at which Time 

* they were intercepted and retrained by Order of 
' the Houfe of Commons. After that they had the 
' Boldnefs, even while their Hands were ftill im- 
' brued in the Proteftants' Blood, to petition his 
' Majefty that their Demands might be heard ; and, 

* for this Purpofe, they obtained a Commiflion to 
' be fent over into Ireland to divers Perfons of Qua- 
' lity (whereof fome were Papifts) to hear, receive, 
' and tranfinit to his Majefty their Demands, which 
' was done accordingly ; and one Mr. Burke, a 

* notorious pragmatick Irljb Papift, was the chief 
' Solicitor in this Bufmefs. After this, the juft 

* revenging God giving daily Succefs to Handfuls 

408 T'he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19- Car. I, ' O f the Proteftants' Forces againft their great Nurn- 
^ ' bers } fo that, by a wonderful Bleffing~from Hea- 

ScptemberT ' Ven the ^ WCre '" m ^ ^ aftS pUt tO the WOr ^ ' 

* then did they begin to fet on Foot an Overture 

' for a CefTation of Arms ; concerning which, what 
' Going and Coming hath been between the Court 

* and the Rebels is very well known ; and what 

* Meetings and Treaties have been held about it in 

* Ireland^ by Warrant of his Majefty's ample Com- 

* miflion fent to that Effect ; and what Reception 
' and Countenance moft pragmatick Papifts ne- 
c gotiating the Bufinefs, have found at Court ; and 
' that thole of the State in Dublin, who had fo 

* much Religion andHonefty as to difiuade the Cef- 
' fation, were firft difcountenanced, and at laft put 

* out of their Places and reftraincd to Prifon, as 
' Sir William Parfons, one of the Lords Juftices 
c there ; Sir John Temple, Mafter of the Rolls ; Sir 

* Adam Loftus^ Vice-Treafurer of Ireland, and 

* Treafurer at War ; and Sir Robert Meredith , one 

* alfo of the Council-Table. 

' Secondly , The Lords and Commons defire it 
c may be obferved, That, during all theie Paffages 

* and Negotiations, the Houfes of Parliament were 

* never acquainted by the States of Ireland with this 

* Treaty of a Cefiation, much lefs was their Ad- 
' vice or Counfel demanded ; notwithftanding that 

* the Care and Managing of the War was devolved 

* on them, both by Aft of Paliament, and by his 
' Majefty's Commiffion under the Great Seal, To 

* advife y order^ and difpcfe of all Things concerning 
' the Government and Defence of that King'dom. 

* But the Wants of the Army were often repre- 
' fented and complained of; whereby, with much 
c Craft, a Ground was preparing for the Pretext 

* wherewith now they would cover the Counfels 
' of this Ceflation, as if nothing had drawn it on, 
' but the extreme Wants of their Armies; whereas 
< it is evident, that the Reports of fuch a Treaty 
have been, in a great Part, the Caufe of their 

* Wants ; for thereby the Adventurers were dif- 

* heartned, Contributions were flopped, and by 


of ENGLAND: 409 

the Admittance to Court of the Negotiators of An. 19. Car. I. ' 

this Ceflation, their wicked Counfels have had l6 43- 

that Influence, as to procure the intercepting of T*""" V T*""^ 

i_r> -r L-L r e w i j r September. 

much rroviuons which were lent for Ireland j 10 
that Ships going for Ireland with Victuals, and 
others coming from thence with Commodities 
to exchange for Victuals, have been taken, not 
only by Dttnkirkers, having his Majefty's War- 
rant, but alfo by Englijb Ships, commanded by 
Sir John Pennington, under his Majefty. And 
moreover, the Parliament's Meflengers, fent in- 
to feveral Counties with the Ordinance of 'Janu- 
ary laft for Loans and Contributions, have been 
taken and imprifoned ; their Money taken from 
them, and not one Penny, either Loan or Con- 
tribution, hath been fuffered to be fent in for Ire- 
land^ from thofe Counties which were under the 
Power of the King's Army ; while in the mean 
Time the Houfes of Parliament, by their Ordi- 
nances, Declarations, and Sollicitations to the 
City of London, and the Counties free from the 
Terror of the King's Forces, were ftill procuring 
no contemptible Aid and Relief for the DiftrefTes 
of Ireland. 

* Thirdly, As the Lords and Commons have 
Reafon to declare againft this Plot and Defign of 
a CeiTation of Arms, as being treated and carried 
on without their Advice; fo alfo becaufe of the 
great Prejudice which will thereby redound to the 
Proteftant Religion, and the Encouragement and 
Advancement which it will give to the Practice 
of Popery ; when thefe Rebellious Papifts fhall, 
by this Agreement, continue and fet.up, with 
more Freedom, their Idolatrous Worfhip, their 
Popifh Superftitions, and Romilh Abominations, 
in all the Places of their Command ; to the Dif- 
honouring of God, the Grieving of all true Pro- 
teftant Hearts, the Difpenfing with the Laws of 
the Crown of England, and to the Provoking of 
the Wrath of a jealous God ; as if both Kingdoms 
had not fmarted enough already for this Sin of too 
4 much conniving at, and tolerating of, Anti-Chri- 


4io The Parliamentary HISTORV 

An. 19. Car. I. tian Idolatry, under Pretext of civil Contracts and 
t *^ 4 ^ , * politic Agreements. 

September. ' Fourthly, In the fourth Place, they defire it 
' may be obferved, that this Ceflation will prove 

* difhonourable to the public Faith of this King- 
' dom ; it will elude and make null the Acts and 
( Ordinances of Parliament, made for the forfeit- 
c ing of the Rebels' Land ; at the parting of which 

* Acb> it was reprefented, that fuch a Courfe would 

* drive the Rebels to Defpair ; and it proves fo, but 

* otherways than was meant; for, defpairing of their 
' Force and Courage, they go about to overcome 
' us with their Craft. 

' La/fly, What fhall become of the many poor 

* exiled Proteftants, turned out of their Eftates by 

* this Rebellion, who muft now continue begging 

* their Bread, while the Rebels fhall enjoy their 
' Lands and Houfes ? And who fhall fecure the 

* reft of the Proteftants, that either by their own 

* Courage, Induftry, and great Charges, have kept 

* their Pofleffions, or by the Succefs of our Armies 

* have been reftored ? Can there be any Afiurance 

* gotten from a perfidious Enemy, of a Ceflation 

* from Treachery and Breach of Agreement, when 
' they fhall lee a fit Time and Opportunity ? Thefe 
c and many other Confederations being well weigh- 
e ed, it will appear evidently that this Defign 

* of a Ceflation is a deep Plot laid by the Rebels, 
c and really invented for their own Safety, and falfe- 

* \y pretended to be for the Benefit of our Ar- 

* mies. 

* And whereas the Lords and Commons have 
c no certain Information that the Treaty is con- 
eluded, bat are informed by feveral Letters that 

* all the Proteftants, as well Inhabitants as Sol- 
' diers in that Kingdom, are refolved to withftand 

* that Proceeding ; and to adventure on the greateft 
' Extremities, rather than 1 have any Sort of Peace 
' with that Generation, who have fo cruelly, in 

* Time of Peace, murdered many Thoufands of 

* our Countrymen, and laboured to extirpate the 

* Proteftant Religion from amongft them : So they 


Of E N G L A N D. 411 

e do believe, that thefe Rumours of a CefTation wereAn. 19. Car. 
e firft contrived by the Enemies of our Religion l6 43* 

* and Peace ; and, by their Practices, the Treaty V^^T*" 1 
' was carried on with much Subtilty and Sollici- e?tcm er " 
c tation ; thereby to flop the fending of Supplies 

* from thence to our Armies, and for the cooling 
' of the Affections of thofe who have already fliew- 
c ed their Zeal to the Weal of Ireland. And there- 

* fore the only Means to defeat this their Policy, 
' and prevent the Evils intended by it, is to fettle 
c a Courfe whereby the Armies of Ireland may be 
' at leaft fenced againft Hunger and Cold : For 
' which Purpofe it is defired, That all thofe who 
' are well-affecSted to the Proteilant Religion, either 

* in that or this Kingdom, and all thole who, by 
' their Adventures already made, have embarked 

* their particular Interefts with the Public of that 
4 Kingdom, and do defire a good Return of 'their 

* Engagements, would join their Endeavours for 

* obviating of that Neceflity, which may be made 

* a ftrong Argument to inforce a deftruclive Cef- 
' fation of Arms ; and that they would not, through 

* too much Sufpicion and Jealoufy of it, forbear 

* the providing of Supplies, and fo occafion that 

* Inconvenience which they ought by all Means 

* to prevent ; for by fo doing they will lofe all 

* their former Pains and Charges ; and the with- 

* holding of Provifions now will gain Credit to that 
' Calumny laid againft this Kingdom, of neglecT:- 
' ing the Armies of Ireland ; and, by the conti- 
' nuing of Supplies, thefe Forces will be encou- 
' raged to continue the War, and fb crown both 
their Work and ours. And, laftly, the Rebels 

* feeing Afliftance againft them ftill flowing from 

* hence, muft needs be out of Hope of profecuting, 

* or concluding, this their Defign. The Cry of 

* much Proteftant Blood, the great Jndigency of 
' many ruined Families, the Danger of our ReJi- 

* gion almoft exiled out of that Kingdom, calls 
4 for this laft Ad of Piety, Charity, Juftice, and 
4 Policy from us ; which being refolved on, Let- 
' ters are to be difpatched to the feveral Parts of 

4 that 

412 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I.< t ^ at Kingdom, to encourage the Commanders and 

^_ ' t 3 '^ ' Soldiers upon the aforefaid Reafons and Afiuranccs, 

September. ' tnat tne 7 ma y not hearken to fuch an unjuft and 

' deceitful Counfel ; and as, by their profecuting oi 

the War, through God's Blefling, they have fuc- 

' cefsfully refifted the Rebels' Cruelty; fo they may, 

< upon this Occafion, beware they be not over- 

* reached by their Craft. 

* All which the Lords and Commons do earneft- 

* ly defire may be ferioufly taken to Heart by all 
' the Kingdom ; and that from thofe other Encou- 

* ragements, mentioned at large in the Ordinance 

* of the fourteenth of July laft% and fuch as now 
are offered, a Courfe may be taken, whereby fuch 

* a conftant weekly Contribution may be fettled, as 

* will fupply to the Armies in Ireland the meer Ne- 

* ceffities of Nature ; which may be more punclual- 

* ly and feafonably tranfmitted unto the feveral Parts 

* of that Kingdom, according to their refpe&ive 
Wants, that fo the Benefit and Honour of fo pious 

* a Work happily begun, and fuccefsfully hitherto 

* carried on, may not be loft when fo little remains 

* to be done ; and that the faving of a Kingdom, the 

* re-eftablifhing of fo many Proteftant Churches, 

* the repofleffing of fo many Thoufand Chriftians 
' into their Eftates, may not be deferted and let fall 

* to the Ground, for a little more Pains and Coft.' 

The reft of this Month was employed, by the 
Parliament, in folliciting Loans of Money from the 
City of London, for the Payment of their Army. 
And the Scots having fent Word that they were 
ready to come into England^ Propofitions were or- 
dered to be offered to the City, for the fpeedy raifing 
of 50,000 /. to enable them to begin their March. 


* By this Ordinance (which is at large in Hujbandi's CslkfUons, 
p. 233) the Adventurer* of Irelar.d were intitled to a double Propor- 
tion of Lands of what was given by the Act pafled for that Purpofe, 
in the Beginning of this 

Of E N G L A N D. 413 

Oftober. There is nothing material entered in An. 19. Car. I. 
the Journals of either Houfe till the eighth of this 
Month, when a remarkable Affair came on before 
the Lords. The French King had fent over an Am- 
baffador Extraordinary, in order to compofe the 
Differences between the Parliament and, fo near a 
Relation to him as, the King of England. The 
Houfes being informed that this Ambaffador came 
in an amicable Way, or, as the Journals exprefs it, 
with good Affections, ordered a Deputation of Lords 
and Commons to go down to Grave fend, to wel- 
come him on his Arrival, and wait upon him to his 
Lodgings at Somerfet- Houfe, which was fitted up for 
that Purpofe. 

Soon after this Ambaffador's Arrival, Mr- Wal-&* Ambafladoi 
ter Montague, who followed him out of France, in""/"^ 
his Retinue, was arrefted at Rochefter; and, by diator 'between" 
the Commons, committed Prifoner to the Tower b . the Kin g and 
A Motion was alfo made, That the Letters which Parliameat * 
he had brought over with him, fealed with the 
Arms of France, and directed to both their Maje^ 
flies of England, ihould be opened : But that paf- 
fed in the Negative. On the Imprifonment of this 
Gentleman, the Ambaffador addreffed the follow- 
ing Memorial to the Houfe of Lords. It was 
originally in French, and was translated on pur- 
pofe to be read in that Houfe, and entered in their 
Journals ; but it is fo lamely done there, as fcarcely 
to be made any Senfe of; and we are obliged to 
the Journals of the Commons for the Original, 
of which we have attempted the following Tranf- 
lation c . 

Y Lord the Prince of Harcourt, Peer ofHis Remon- 
France, and Mailer of the Horfe to the? ra " ce to the 
* Moft Chriflian King, Ambaffador Extraordinary J^'of rtTar- 

* tOfting Mr. Af- 

b This Mr. Montague and Sir Kenrlm Digby had been employed,'?* 1 " in his Re ' 
by the Q^een, to follicit Contributions, from the Englijb Catholics, Unuc * 
towards fupporting the War againft the Sects in 1659. This Af- 
fair we took fome Notice of in our Ninth Volume, p. 214, and 242. 
. c The Original runs thus in the Ccmrr.cni Journali : 

Mor.feigneur ie Prince <T Harcourt, Pair et Grand Efcvytr de France, 
jtrr.bjJJ'adiur Extraerdinairt vert It Roy de la Grande Bretagne, 

414 *be Parliamentary Hi sr OR v 

An. 19. Car. I. ' to the King of Great-Britain^ being informed that 
' Mr. Waiter Montague left Pam fince his Excel- 
' lency, and came over into England, from the 
c Queen, difguifed amongft the Retinue of Mon- 
' fieur De Grejjy^ hath been arrefted at Rocbejler ; 
' and tho' he was charged with the Care of her Ma- 

* jefty's Letters, for their Majefties of Great-Britain^ 

* was committed , neverthelefs, Prifoner to the Tower 
' of London : His Excellency declares to the Houfes 

* of Parliament, that he knew nothing of his Perfon, 

* nor of his Difguife. neither did Moniieur-D^Grv//^; 

* but, for the Refpect and Confideration of her Ma- 
' jefty's Letters, which make it appear that the 

* faid Mr. Montague had the Honour to belong to 

* her, and (he avoweth him, the faid AmbalTa- 

* dor demandeth, in the Name of her Majefty, 

* and intreats them, in his own, that Mr. Mon- 

* tague may be put into his Hands, with all the 

* Letters he was Bearer of, to avoid the Conle- 

* quences that the juft Complaint of fuch a Deten- 

* tion may produce.' 

After this is entered, what is, in the Lords' Jour- 
nals, called the Senfe of that Houfe, on the reading 
this Paper, viz. 

* That this Walter Montague, being a Rene- 
gado, and a Man bammed the Kingdom, for the 
Mifchief he did here, for him to be demanded of 
the two Houfes of Parliament, in fo high a Man- 
ner as this, by an Ambaflador that pretends he 


fyant apfrii que M. de Montague party de Paris dcpu 'i luy, pwr 
tn Angleterre de la Part de la Reine, fe feroit jetti defguije Jam la 
Suitte de Monfieur de G reify /j/w en eftre conneu : S^uat Rochefter /'/ 
aurcit efte arrcjt/ $ ft hi en jut trouve clarge dc Lettrts de la Riir.* 
four leurt Majeftez. de la Grande Bret igne, // autait, neantmoint, ejle 
conduiB Prifoxuier en la Tour de Londrcs : Monfeigneur declare a Mtj- 
Jieurt du Parltment, qu* il na eu aucune Connoijfance de fa Perfonne, nj 
de fen Defguifement, non plus que It dit Sieur de Greffv ; mait, pour 
le Refpeff et Confideration dts Lettres dc la Reine, qui font -voir que It 
dit Sieur de Montague a I'Honneur a" eftre a elle, et A" en efire adveue, 
il demande dela Part de fa Mayjle'~et let prie de la Sifnne, qu Us luy 
remetient le dit Sieur de Montague cntrc let Mains, erfcnsble lei Lettret 
dont ileftoit Porteur, a Jin d"ejviter les Ctnftqucncti, yui feurttiint ar- 
riiter de la juftc Plaiute d*une tc 


comes to endeavour to procure Peace ; and giving An. 19. Car. I, 
himlelf Ib high a Title, and treating the two Houfes 1643. 
of Parliament fo low, is a Thing of fo extra- ottober ^ 
ordinary a Nature, that, though the Houfes defire 
to maintain a good with France, yet 
this Kingdom needs not fear any ill Confequence 
that may follow upon this Bufmefs ; but hope that 
God will blefs them and protect them, as he hath 
hitherto done.' 

It was alfo ordered to have a Conference with 
the Other Houfe, on the Subject of this Paper, and 
the Lord- General EJJex to deliver the Senfe of this 
Houfe to the Commons concerning it. The Lord- 
General hereupon acquainted the Lords, that it 
was reported the French Ambaflador, lately come, 
had brought many Attendants along with him, 
feveral of whom were conceived to be Officers and 
Commanders ; and that, if they fhould go to the 
King with him, it was likely they would not re- 
turn. And it being probable that, before the Am- 
baflador goes, he would apply to his Lordfhip 
for a Safe- Conduct, he defired to know what he 
fhould do in this Cafe. Whereupon the Houfe 
ordered, That, when the Ambaflador fends to his 
Lordfhip for a Safe-Conduct for himfelf and Fol- 
lowers to go to the King, his Lordfhip fhall defire 
to fee a Lift of all thofe he intends to take with 

Off. 9. At a Conference between the two Houfes, 
it was agreed that the Anfwer to the French Am- 
baffador's Meflage fhould be drawn up by a Com- 
mittee ; which being done, it was reported, read, 
and agreed to, and was in thefe Words : 

* riT^HE Lords and Commons in Parliament The 

* have confidered of the Meflage in Writing, -> ufti( 
delivered to the Earl of Pembroke, and by him duc 

* prefented unto them, from the Prince D'Har- 
' court, Ambafiador Extraordinary from the French 
' King; by which he complains" that Mr. Walter 


4i 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. l. Montague, fent hither, unknown to him, by the 
< Queen Regent of France, with Letters unto' the 

* King and Queen; and, under a Difguife, ha- 
' ving put himielf in^o the Company of Monf. De 
' Greffy, had been arrefted at Roche/for, and car- 
' ried Prifoner to the Tower ; and the faid Ambaf- 
' fador therein defires, in regard it appears by thefe 

* Letters, that the faid Mr. Montague. belongs un- 

* to the Queen Regent, that both he and the Let- 

* ters may be delivered to him : To this they re- 

* turn for Anfwer, That they are moft forry they 

* muft deny him any Part of his Requeft : That 

* the Letters (hall be reftored, according to his 

* Defire ; but for Mr. Montague, a Perfon here- 

* tofore queftioned for DifTervices to this State; and 

* fo dangerous, that, in the Beginning of this Par- 
c liament, they made it their humble Suit unto the 
' King, that he might be banifhed the Court; and 

* afterwards being > upon his own Offer and of his 
.' Friends, permitted to retire himfelf out of the 

* Kingdom ; that he fhould now return, and in 
' fuch a concealed Manner ; which, if nothing 

* elfe, were Caufe enough for his Apprehenfion, 
' and to render him incapable of the Patronage of 
' that great Queen : This is a Crime of fo high 

* and bold a Nature, as the Houfes of Parliament 
' cannot pafs by, neither in Juftice for what is al- 

* ready done ; nor in Prudence, to fecure the 

* State, for the Time to come, from the Pratices 
' and Machinations of fo turbulent and difaffedted 
' a Spirit : Nor can it be any juft Offence unto 

* her Majefty of France, whom they highly honour 

* and efteem, as a good and glorious Queen ; nor 
1 any Difobligation to the AmbalTador the Prince 
D'Harcourt, whom likewife they defire to treat 
' with all Demonftrations of Civility and Refpect ; 
' if, according to the Laws of all Nations, the 
Law of this Kingdom be put in Execution againft 
' one who is a Native, a Subject, a Delinquent ; 

* who was in the Nature of a banifhed Man, and 
' returns in a difguifed Habit (fo difavowing him- 
' felf, not to be avowed by any) ; a dangerous Per- 


Of E N G L A N D. 417 

c Ton, that formerly did, and in all Likelihood will An. 19. Car, I, 

* again, pra&ife againft the State ; and whom they 
' have Caufe to believe, by the Manner of his 
' Coming, to be now come for that very Purpofe : 

* Thefe Things confidered by the Lord Ambafla- 
' dor, and by him reprefented to the Queen, will, 
' they doubt not, give her Majefty ample Satif- 
' fa&ion, and clear and fatisfy the Proceedings of 

* the Parliament to her princely Wifdom ; which 
' they paffionately defire, as in this, fo in all Things 
' elfe, not out of Fear of any ill Confequence by 
' the contrary, but as knowing the Juftice of their 
' Ways muft needs meet with the Approbation of 
' fo wife a Queen j as it will alfo draw down the 
' Bleffing of God Almighty, which, alone, car- 
' ries them above the Confideration of all earthly 

A Petition from the Univerfity of Cambridge was, 
this Day, prefented to the Houfe of Lords, to this 

To the Right Honourable theLoRos and COMMONS 

aflembled in Parliament, 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the Univerfity of Cajn- 

Humbly fheweth, 

CT* H A T upon the Signification of bis Majefly's Petition from the 
-* Willingne fs gracioully to accept of what Sup-^^ of . .. 

.. . , ,/ * _ f^ J ', ., ,y , f. Cambridge againft 

plies the Colleges of Cambridge could make to 0/Jbej ng fequcrtred. 
prefent NeceJ/ities, there was fent to his Majejiy, 
bv fame of our Body t a Quantity of Plate and Mo- 
ney, out of certain Colleges in this Univer/ity ; the 
Intent of thofe who fent it being not at all to fo~ 
ment any War^ which was not at that Time begun * ; 
yet fo it is y that certain Men, upon Pretence of 
fame Authority committed to them by both Houfes of 
Parliament, have begun to fequefler the Libraries 
VOL. XII. D d and 

a Alluding, moft likely, to Mr. Cromwell's having prevented the 
Univerfity's Plate, to the Value of 20,000 /. from being carried to the 
King. In our Eleventh Volume, p, 388. 

4 1 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. Land other Goods of fame Mafters of Colleges, fo that 
there will be no Means of Subfijhnce left to any of 
Members of the faid College s y though never Jo 

May it pleafe your Honours, in tender Compaf- 
fipn to the fad Condition of the poor Univer- 
fity, to grant unto us a Freedom from this 
Sequeftration ; and that the Fact of fome few 
particular Men, which was, alfo, by them 
meant only as an Acknowledgment of their 
Duty to his Majeity, to whom fome of them 
are obliged as to their Royal Founder, and 
others as his fworn Chaplains, may not redound 
to the depriving of the Members of the feveral 
Colleges of all Poffibility to continue in this 
And your Petitioners fhall ever pray, &c. 

RA. EXON \ Vice-Chancellor. 

The Lords ordered that this Petition fhould be 
communicated to the Houfe of Commons, at a 
Conference, that fome Courfe might be taken for 
trieir Relief j but we hear no more of it in either 

A Mifunder- The Earl of E/ex and Sir William Waller, the 
Handing between two Generals for the Parliament, had long.differed 
the Parliament s j n tne j r re fp ec }i ve Commands; and it was now 

two Generals, / t i_ v. I_-T-\ 1-1 j L- 

/:and#w/er,run fo high, that, this Day, the Karl made it his 
reconciled. Requeft to both Houfes, that he might have 
Leave to refign his Commiffion, and go beyond 
the Sea, in regard that the Commiffion granted to 
Sir William Waller was inconfiftent with his own ; 
and in refpedt to the many Difcouragements he 
had received fince his being General. The Lords, 
conceiving this to be a Bufinefs which concerned 
the prefent Safety of the whole Kingdom, refolved 
to have a Conference with the Commons about it ; 


* Dr. Ralph Brmonriggt, nominated to the Biihoprkk-of Exettr 

by the King, upon the Translation, of BUhop Hall to 

Set Vol. X, p. 146. 

Of E N G L A N D. 419 

and to declare, that the Senfe of this Houfe is, That An. 19. Car. J. 
the Commiffion to Sir William Waller be delivered 1643. 

up, being inconfiftent with that to the Lord-General ' v~ * 

from both Houfes; whereby it was voted, That oa ber - 
all Commiffions (hould be granted by the Lord- 
General, and be under his Command, being necef- 
fary for the prefent Affairs and the Safety of the 

The Houfe of Commons was before-hand ap- 
prized of this Matter, and, at the fame Time, fent 
a Meflage to the Lords, to let them know, That 
Sir William Waller had offered to give up his laft 
Commiffion ; and that they were of Opinion the 
beft Way to difcover the Conveniency or Inconve- 
niency of it, was, to appoint a Committee to go to 
the Lord-General, with Power to confider of,. and 
advife with his Excellency what Courfe was fitteft 
for fettling this Bufmefs the moft for the Safety of 
the Kingdom. A Committee of both Houfes was 
immediately appointed to wait upon the Lord-Ge- 
neral on this Affair, each Houfe, though late, re- 
folving to fit till their Return ; after which the 
Lords received the following Votes from the Com- 
mons : 

' The Lords and Commons do declare, That, 
by virtue of their laft Commifllon, Sir William 
Waller is under the Command of the Lord-Gene- 
ral, and is bound to obey him, notwithftanding 
any Thing in his Commiffion : And Sir William 
waller^ being prefent at this Debate, did declare, 
That he ever had been, and is, willing and ready 
to obey his Excellency the Lord-General's Com- 
mands. And 

' Whereas, by the Words of the laft Commiffion 
to Sir William Waller, it is mentioned, That he wds 
to receive his Inftruclions from both Houfes of Par- 
liament, it is this Day* ordered, by the Lords and 
Commons, That Sir William Waller {hall, from 
Time to Time, receive and obferve fuch Inftruc- 
tions as the Lord-General (hall give him. 

D d 2 The 

420 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. The Lords having agreed to thefe Votes, the 
1643^ Controverfy between the two Generals ended, which 
Oftober. otherwife might have proved of very ill Confequence 
to the Parliament's Caufe. 

Oft. II. A Report was made to the Lords of a 
Conference held the Day before, between the two 
Houfes, of a Matter which had lain long dormant, 
the Lords having abfolutely refufed to come into it} 
which was the making a new Great Seal. This 
Affair will be beft explained by the Words of the 
Lords' Journals, viz. 

The Commons' ' That the Houfe of Commons, divers Months 
farther Reafons fmce, prcfcnted to their Lordfiiips feveral Votes con- 
for defmng the cerning the Q reat Sea j wne rein they tfefired their 

X*oros concur- T . ->*. 9 ^ AIC i r ri. 

rence in making l>ordlnips L-oncurrence : And iince, becaufe or the 
a new Great Seal Abfence of the Great Seal, which mould attend the 
Parliament, new Mifchiefs have fprung up ; and 
what ca"ufes a Neceflity to have the Great Seal more 
at this Time than ever, is in refpeft of the Ufe 
which hath been made of the Great Seal, at Oxford, 
againft the Parliament and their Proceedings. 

1. ' Confidering the clandestine Going-away of 
the Lord-Keeper, who is a fworn Officer, with the 
Great Seal from the Parliament j and as foon as he 
came to Oxford it was taken from him, and put into 
another Hand ; as appeareth by the Lord-Keeper's 
own Letter, when Writs were fent to him to be 
fealed, he returned for Anfwer, That the Seal was 
not in his Hands, but Mr. Porter's. 

2. * There hath, by virtue of the Great Seal's 
being at Oxford, Commiffions for raifing Armies 
againft the Parliament, ifTued out; Commiflions to 
new Sheriffs, and an extraordinary Power put into 
their Hands ; Commiffions of Array ; Proclamations 
to proclaim his Majefty's good Subjects to be Trai- 
tors ; Commiffions of Oyer and Terminer, to pro- 
ceed againft thofe that have held with the Parlia- 
ment; and, one, in/Jar omnium, the Commiffion to 
one Mr. Tomkins and others, for Deftruclion of the 
Parliament, City, and Kingdom $ alfo a Proclama- 

Of E N G L A N D. 421 

lion lately come forth, for feizing the Eftates of aH A 
Parliament-Men, and any that adhere to the Par- 
liament. * 

3. ' That the Great Seal is now put into the 
Hands of Sir George Ratdtffe, a Perfon impeached 
of High Treafon by the Parliament; whereas the 
Great Seal fliould be in the Hands of a fworn Of- 
ficer, and none elfe. 

Befides thefe Confutations, the abfolute Ne- 
ceflity of preferring the Government of the King- 
dom, and of the Miniftration of the Juftice thereof, 
enforces the Parliament to provide a new Great Seal 
to attend the Parliament according to the Law; for 
there is now a general Stop and Denial of Juftice, 
none being permitted to have the Ufe of the Great 
Seal at Oxford; whereby the Diflblution of this pre- 
fent Parliament is in great Danger, for new Writs 
of Election have been denied to fupply the Houfe of 
Commons with Members in the room of thefe that 
are void by Defection, Apoftacy, and Death; there- 
fore it is abfolutely neceffary to have a Great Seal to 
attend the Parliament, for the Prefervation and Con- 
tinuance of it. 

' Alfo the ordinary Proceedings at the Law are 
obftrucled, whereby the Subject fhould be relieved j 
as no Writs of Error can be granted for Reverfal of 
erroneous Judgments; nor original Writs of Aflize, 
which arefe/lina Remedia\ Writs to fupply Churches 
within fix Months, which admits no Delay; no 
Fines or Recoveries ; Writs of Habeas Corpus^ or 
Dower, Judges, Commiffions ; and many other 
Writs as are for the fpeedy Relief and Benefit of the 
Subjedt, cannot be had, by reafon the Great Seal 
is at Oxford. 

' All thefe confidered, the Houfe of Commons 
defire their Lordftiips' Concurrence in the Votes 
for making of a new Great Seal to attend the Par- 
liament, for the Difpatch of the Bufmefs of the 

The Lords taking into ferious Confederation the 

Neceffity of preferving the Government of this 

D d 3 King- 

422 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. Kingdom, his Majefty's Authority in Parliament, 
i 6 43- and the Being thereof, and the Prefervation of the 
*-"*"" -" ; Adminiftration of the Juftice of this Kingdom ; and 
er ' perceiving, by thefe Mifchiefs, how abfolutely ne- 
ceflary it is to have the Great Seal attending the 
Parliament, for the Reafons aforefaid, after a ma- 
ture Debate, this Queflion was put, Whether a, 
Great Seal of England (hall be forthwith made to 
attend the Parliament for Difpatch of the Affairs of 
the Parliament and the Kingdom ? it pafled affirma- 
tively. And accordingly 

The Lords ive ^ he next ^*? the Lords fent a Meflage to the 
thJr ConTent* Commons, to acquaint them with their Concurrence 
thereto. in the Vote for making a new Great Seal of Eng- 


We took Notice, in the Proceedings of July laft, 
that the Lords having refufed their Confent to the 
Yote of the Commons for making a new Great 
Seal, the latter gave Orders for making one ; the 
Form of which was a Reprefentation of the Houfe 
of Commons, the Members fitting, on one Side; 
and the Arms of England and Ireland on the other. 
But the Lords having now given their Confent, an- 
other Great Sea! was ordered to be made in the very 
fame Form and Manner as the King's.. 

Off. 1 6. A Letter from the Earl of Manchefrer, 
another of the Parliament's Generals, was read in. 
the Houfe of Lords, which contained an Account of 
a Victory he had obtained againft the King's Forces 
in Lincolnjbire, the Circumftances of which were as 
follow : 

My Lords, 

Utter from the fHold it my Duty to give your Lord/hips an Az- 

Earl of Mar.cbt- count of the Advantage that God hath been plea- 

fier, at Horn- J~ e fl f g\ ve unto ^^ p orce ^ whereof yon have 

ttt " tt _ been pleafed to honour me with the Csmmand. Upon 

Wednefday /*/?, being the \iib of Odober, / 

dreiv Up the whole Body of Horfe and Foot before 

the Ca/ile of Bpjingbroke j having had, the Night 

Of E N G L A N D. 423 

before, thro' fame WeglecJ of the Yorkshire Horfe who An. 
kept the Out -Guards, fame of our Horfe put to run 
great Hazard ; yet they behaved them/elves very well, 
and got off with the Lofs of only one Colour. After 
I was drawn into a Body, Word was brought unto me 
that the Enemy was advancing towards me with eighty 
Troops of Horfe : Upon this Intelligence, I thought 
it my Duty not to quit the Place where I was, unlefs 
it was by marching to meet them, which I did', and 
when my Horfe were drawn into as good Order as 
we could put them, and the Enemy was drawn very 
near to them, the Foot and Artillery marched up as 
faft as they could after the Horfe, but came not fo near 
as to give any Help ; only they did di/hearten the Ene- 
my much, by the ConfeJJion of the Pr if oners which we 
took, and made them charge the Horfe fooner and more 
confufedly than otherwife they would have done. 

1 muft give the Horfe under my Command their 
due Praife, that they charged very gallantly. Col* 
Cromwell charged in the Van with my Regiment 
and his oivn, and behaved himfelf with Rejolu-tion 
and Honour j Sir Thomas Fairfax (who is a Perjstt 
that exceeds any Expreffions as a Commendation of his 
Refolution and Valour) was to fecond the firjl Body of 
Horfe that 'charged, and he performed what he was 
commanded with Readinefs and Succefs. I may truly 
fay, that after the fecond Charge, our Men had little 
elfe to do but to purfue a flying Enemy ; which they did 
for many Miles. What Lofs truly the Enemy had 
punctually, I cannot yet fpeak j only this I can fay, di- 
vers Men of Duality lay dead upon the Place, and di- 
vers that rode away fell dead from off" their Uorfes 
in the Town fome Miles off from the Place where we 
fought ; I have fent 800 Prif oners to Bofton. Tlnre 
were killed upon the Place about 300 as near as we 
canguefs ; and every Day the Horfe -Guards are bring- 
ing in Prif oners, whom they /ind fcattered about the 

I am now intending to march forwards tcivards 
Gainfbrough, and /hall do my beft to make a t>iver- 


1 4 2 4 Tb* Parliament wy HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. r fton for the Relief of Hull, if I can in refpecJ 

JfjjLj of the Time of the Tear. 

<Xtober. / Jhall now befeecb your Lordjhips, that the Gkry 

and the Honour of this Defeat may be afcribed unto 
God ; for truly it is only due unto him. 

My Lords, I Jhould have been abler to have done 
Service, if the Number of Foot and Horfe out of the 
feveral Counties had been made good unto me ; but I 
Jhall not neglett my Duty, and Jhall beg this Favour 
from your Lor/tjbips, that you would ejleem me worthy 
of your good Opinion, as 

Your Lordfhips 
Horncaftle. Oftober 12, 

1643. Moft humble Servant, 


P. S. / cannot hear there were killed on our Side 
above twenty, and hurt about ftxty. 

The Manner of After the reading of this Letter, a new Lord 
th Mayor of London was prefented to the Houfe of 
oLfc^kords for their Approbation. As this was the fecond 
to the Houfe of Time any fuch Ceremony had been performed there, 
it will not be improper to give the whole of it from 
their Journal; obferving, at the fan. e Time, that 
it (hews what a perfect Harmony and good Under- 
ftanding there was between the Parliament and City 
of London. 

Sir John Wodajlon, Knight, Lord Mayor Eled of 
the City of London, was prefented to this Houfe by the 
Recorder of London, and moft of the Aldermen and 
Sheriffs of the faid City; and the Recorder made a 
Speech to this Houfe, (hewing, That, according to 
their Charter and Cuftom of the faid City, the Lord 
Mayor Ele& v as prefented to be approved by the 
Lord- Keeper, in Right ofhisMajefty; but, in the Ab- 
fence of the Lord- Keeper, they humbly defire that 
their Lordfhips would pleafe to give their Approba- 
tion of him, and order that he may be fworn at the 

Of E N G L A N D. 425 

accuftomed Day by fome of the Barons of the Exche- An, 19. Car, I. 
quer; they alfo made Expreffion of the Faithfulnefs l6 43- 
and Readinefs of the City to protect the Parliament '"o^T*""'* 
with their Lives and Fortunes. 

Hereupon the Houfe commanded their Speaker to 

' The Lords do conceive, that, in the Abfence 
of his Majefty, his Great Council of Peers is the 
moft proper Power for the City of London and your 
Lordfhip to addrefs yourfelves unto, for an Appro- 
bation of that Choice the City hath made of you for 
their Lord Mayor ; whofe Duty and Loyalty to the 
King and Kingdom hath well appeared already con- 
cerning the faid City ; and my Lords are very well 
pleafcd that the City of London hath made Choice of 
your Lordfliip to govern the faid City, efpecially in 
thefe Times of Trouble and Danger ; recommend- 
ing, in his Majefty's Abfence, unto you, that your 
Care may be great to prevent all Tumults and Dif- 
orders that may grow in the faid City, and to fup- 
prefs all Factions that may appear there to their Dif- 
quiet, or the Danger of this Kingdom. 

' And it is alfo ordered by the Lords in Parliament, 
upon the prefenting the Lord Mayor Elecl: of Lon- 
don^ this Day, to the Houfe, That the Barons of 
the Exchequer that are, or (hall be, in or near 
London, (hall be perfonally prefent on the thirtieth 
of this inftant Ottoler^ in the Exchequer-Court, al- 
though the Term mould be then adjourned ; and then 
adminifter unto the faid Lord Mayor Elecl: the ufual 
Oath that hath formerly been adminiftered to his 
Predeceflbrs, the Lord Mayors of the faid City of 

' And becaufe of the Expreffions of the Re- 
corder d , of the great Affection of the City to 
this Houfe, their Lordfliips thought fit to appoint 
a Committee to draw up a fpecial Return of 
Thanks for the fame ; and the Houfe appointed 
the Earl of Sarum, Lord Vifcount Say and Se!e, 


A JobnGlynne, Efq; fo appointed by Parliament on the Removal of 
Sir Ibomas Gardiner fat his Adherence to the King. 

426 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

19. Car. I. and the Lord Wbarton, to draw up the fame, who 
reported the Draught thereof to this Houfe, which 
was approved of; and the Lord Mayor Ele&, 
Mr. Recorder, and the Aldermen and Sheriffs 
were called in, and the Speaker fignified unto 

' That my Lords have thought fit to call you 
4 in again to let you know, that they cannot but, 

* with many Thanks, take Notice of the Expref- 
' fions of Mr. Recorder, in the Name of the whole 
' City, of the Readinefs thereof to live no longer, 

* than with a Defire to live to declare their Affec- 

* tions to this Houfe and the Parliament ; which 

* their Lordfhips make no Doubt of, they having 

* obferved fo many real Expreffions, in thefe dan- 
' gerous Times, of their Faithfulnefs and Aflift- 
' ance for the Safety of the Parliament and the 
' Kingdom, that they fuit fully with their Expref- 

* fion now to this Houfe ; and have been fuch and fo 

* eminent, as no Time or Story can parallel : And 
' as the Lords do acknowledge this with much Con- 
' tentment, fo they do again allure you that their 

* Sitting here and conftant Care {hall be, as to en- 

* deavour and procure the Safety of Religion, the 
' Parliament, and Kingdom in general ; fo, in par- 
' ticular and in efpecial Manner, the Safety, Pro- 
' fperity, Honour, and Advancement of your fo wellr 

* deferving and renowned City.' 

The Scott Army, being now ready to enter this 
Kingdom, only ilaid for the flipulated Sums, 
which had been agreed upon at Edinburgh^ fome 
Time before, by Commiflioners on both Sides ap- 
pointed for that Purpofe. To this End the Com* 
mons fent up an Ordinance this Day, to the Lords, 
which they had framed, to haften their March i 
which was readily agreed to by the latter. The 
Title thereof runs thus : An Ordinance cftbe Lords 
and Commons in Parliament affemblid^ for the Re- 
payment of all fuch Sums of Money as are^ or Jkall be* 
lent by any Perfon or Perfons t for the fpeedy bring- 

Of E N G L A N D. 427 

Ing of our Brethren of Scotland into tins Realm, An. 19. Car. U 
for our Ajfliftance in this prefent War. The Whole J 6 43- 
of it is too long and tedious to be recited : But ^ **V-"*4 
the Preamble, declaring the Reafons of Parliament oaolicr 
for fo extraordinary a Step, is too remarkable to be 

4 r ^ H E the Lords and Commons aflembled in An Ordinance 

* Parliament, taking into their ferious Con- forraifin s of M- 
fideration the treacherous and bloody Plots, Con- ? ^"JSIJ 

* fpiracies, Attempts, and Practices of the Enemies into England^ 
c of God againft the true Religion and ProfefTors 

' thereof in all Places, efpecially in the Kingdoms 

* of England^ Scotland^ and Ireland, ever ilnce 

* the Reformation of Religion ; and how much 
4 their Rage, Power, and Preemption are of late 

* and at this Time, increafed and exercifed, where - 

* of the deplorable Eftate of the Church and King- 
< dom of Ireland, the diftempered Eftate of this 

* Church and Kingdom of England^ and the dan- 
' gerous Eftate of the Church and Kingdom of 
' Scotland^ are prefent and public Teftimonies ; 

* and finding that their Supplications, Remonftran- 

* ces, Proteftations, and Treaties, have nothing 

* at all prevailed ; but that the adverfe Party doth 

* ftill endeavour the Deftrudtion of our Religion, 
Laws, and Liberties, by Force and open Vio- 
' lence ; and finding that the faid Popifh and Jefuit- 

* ed Councils and Practices, which have brought 
' the two Kingdoms of England and Ireland into 

* the lamentable Condition under which they now 
' groan, to have, in the Intentions of the Authors 

* and Contrivers of them, extended likewife into the 

* Kingdom of Scotland : In this common Diftrac- 
'- tion and Danger of all the Three Kingdoms, as an 
' effectual Means of their Prefervation, they have 
thought it neceflary that all the Well-affected to 
' the true Proteftant Religion and juft Liberties of 
4 the Subjects in the Three Kingdoms, fhould en- 

* ter into a nearer Union and Affociation for the 

* mutual Defence of each other ; and, in purfuance 
< thereof, a Solemn League and Covenant, for 

' Re- 

428 ^The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19 Car. I. Reformation and Defence of Religion, the Ho- 

l64 * c nour and Happinefs of the King, and the Peace 

**fa^* f and Safety of the Three Kingdoms, hath been 

* agreed upon by the two Kingdoms of England 
' and Scotland ; which hath been already taken 

* and fubfcribed by the Members of both Houfes 

* of the Parliament of England^ the Members of 

* the AfTembly of Divinqs, and the Commifiioners 
of the Aflembly of the Church of Scotland j is 

* now taking in the Cities of London and JVeflmin- 

* Jler ; and is to be taken in all other Parts of this 

* Kingdom, in the Kingdom of Scotland, and in the 

* Realm of Ireland : 

' And whereas each Perfon that hath taken, or 
e (hall take, the faid Covenant, is bound, accord- 
' ing to his Place and Calling, in this common 
' Caufe of Religion, Liberty, and Peace of the 
Kingdoms, to aflift and defend all thofe that enter 

* into the fame, in the executing and purfuing there- 

' And that it cannot be expected that the Con - 
c trivers and Authors of our prefent Troubles will, 
' thereby, be any whit moved to defift from their 
6 wicked Enterprises, but rather that their Malice 
' will be the more increafed ; therefore, for the 
' better refifting thereof, and the fpeedier fettling of 
a blefTed Peace, there are likewife certain Articles 

* agreed upon by the two Houfes of Parliament 
and the Kingdom of Scotland^ whereby, amongft 
< other Things, our Brethren of the Kingdom of 
Scotland^ for our Afliftance in this prefent War, 

* are fpeedily to fend an Army of 21,000 Horfe and 

* Foot, and a Train of Artillery fuitable, into this 
Kingdom : 

* And whereas the Charge of levying, arming, 
' and bringing thofe Forces together furnifhed, as 

* likewife the fitting the Train of Artillery, will 
4 neceflarily require great Sums of Money, which 
' our Brethren of Scotland, by reafon of the many 
' Charges that have lain upon them of late by their 

* Irljh Army and late Wars, are not able, at the 

* prefent, to raife within that Kingdom j and fo 

* much 

Of ENGLAND. 429 

c much the rather, by reafon that the Brotherly- An. 19. Car. r. 

* Afliftance Money is not yet paid unto them, we l6 43- 

* are, by thefe Articles, preiently to pay unto them ^^TV"" ~~* 

* the Sum of 1 00,000 /. by wav of Advance, to- er * 
' wards the Monthly Payments to be made to their 

' Army, after fuch Time as they fhall make their 
' firft Entrance into this Kingdom ; and by thefe 
' Articles our Brethren of Scotland* to manifeft their 
' Willingnefs, to their utmoft Ability, to be help- 
c ful to the Kingdom in this common Caufe, have 

* agreed to give the Public Faith of the Kingdom 

* of Scotland, to be jointly made Ufe of with the 

* Public Faith of the Kingdom of England, for the 
1 prefent taking up of 200,000 L Sterling, in the 

* Kingdom of England or elfewhere, for fpeedy Pay- 
4 ment of the 100,000 /. Sterling as aforefaid, and 

* towards fatisfying, in good Proportion, the Ar- 
c rears of the Scots Army in Ireland: 

' Be it ordained, &c. 

Some Time after this, the Scots finding that 
the Aioney from England did not come fo foon 
as was expe&ed, they fent a Remonftrance over, ' 
alledging, ' That they faw plainly, by the Cef- 
' fation of Arms in Ireland, that the Proteftant Re- 
' ligion was to be routed out there, and the whole 
Force of the Rebels turned againft the Scots Ar- 
' my in that Kingdom ; which made the Scots 

* take the Covenant unanimoufly ; and they were - 

* refolved, their Eyes being now opened, to join 
' with their Brethren of England in Defence and 

* Prefervation of Religion againft the common Ene- 

' That they had named all their Officers and lift- ' 

* ed all their Soldiers ; their Artillery and Ammu- 
' nition was at Leitb y and they were making Pro- 
' vifions of Victual, as far as they were able. But 

* they confefled, nay they faid they were not afha- 
' med to confefs, their Want of Money ; therefore 
' they defired to have a fpeedy Supply, whereby 
e they might be able to keep their Army together 
' when it was in a Body. And whenever they 


43 ^ke Parliamentary HISTORY* 

An. ig. Car. I. fljould have proper Notice, from Parliament, of 

^_J *' the Agreements, they would be ready to march 

O&obe * tne i r Rendezvous in forty-eight Hours Time. 

Laftly, they defired that the Towns, ftipulated 

for, might be taken into Confideration. ' 

Who publifh a It is neceflary to be remembered in this Place, 
Proclamation, in That, about the Middle of Augujl^ the Eftates of 
Sme" *. ^ cotland had publifhed a c Proclamation in the King's 
cruiting their Name, requiring all Perfons, from fixteen to fixty, 
Army. to appear in Arms, in Support and Defence of the 

Solemn League and Covenant. This the King was 
fo highly incenfed at, that, on the i6th of Septem- 
ber, he wrote a Letter to the Council, fetting forth, 
6 That he had, with great Amazement, feen a Pa- 
' per, moil impudently publifhed without his Pri- 
' vity or Authority, tending to caft the beloved 
' People of his Native Kingdom into the like bloody 
' Combuftions and rebellious Violation of their Re- 

* ligion and Allegiance, as thofe already in England: 

* Forbidding all Obedience to the faid Proclama- 

* tion, and all other Papers publifhed in his Name, 

* which fhould not immediately be warranted by 

* himfelf : And Commanding this his Letter to be 

* publifhed, and alfo recorded in the Books of the 

c Privy Council there.' What Regard was paid 

to this will appear under the Proceedings of the 
next Month. 

Proceedings Oftober l8. Sir Thomas Trevor , Knight, one of 

againft Baron the Barons of the Exchequer, who had been con- 
CaJTof'shiT cernec * ' n r ^ e Bufinefs of Ship-Money, and im- 
Money. ' P " peached by the Houfe of Commons for the fame, de- 
livered in his Anfwer, this Day, to the Charge : 
Likewife a Petition to the Lords, acknowledging, 
That his Opinion and Judgment, in that Cafe, was 
given according to his Confcience, without any Cor- 
ruption or finifter End whatfoever ; which he then 
conceived to be, alfo, according to Law : But fince 
the Parliament had declared it to be contrary to 
the Laws and Statutes of this Realm, he acknow- 

c This Proclamation at large, and the King's Letter, are in Rujb- 
vtrtb, Vol. V. p. 482, 

Of E N G L A N D. 431 

ledged his Error of Judgment therein, and is moftAn. 19. Car.!, 
heartily forry for the fame; humbly fubmitting it, 
and whatfoever elfe he is charged withall by the 
faid Impeachment, to their Lordlhips' Judgment and 
favourable Confideration. It was ordered that this 
Ihould be communicated to the Houfe of Commons, 
and to acquaint them, that the Lords would give 
Judgment againft Baron Trevor the next Morning, 

OR. 19. The Lords being in their Robes, and 
the Commons, with their Speaker, come up, and 
demanding Judgment as ufual, the Speaker of the 
Houfe of Lords pronounced the following Sentence : 

I. That the faid Sir Thomas Trevor Jhali be Hh Sentence 
fined in the Sum of6oool. to be forthwith paid and 

difpofed of for the Service of the Kingdom b . 

II. That he Jhall be imprifoned in the Tower of 
London during the Pleafure of this Houfe. 

But, upon another Petition from the Baron, he 
was releafed from his Imprifonment the next Day, 
and continued to at in his Place. 

The Judges being thus humbled, the Commons 
revived their Profecution of the Archbifliop of 
Canterbury^ with fo much Vigour as, afterwards, 
to bring him to the Block. Preparatory to this, 

Off. 23. The Lords read the Articles of Im- Abp. Lauf& 
peachment, for High Treafon, againft him, which Trial, 
had been fent up by the Commons two Days be- 
fore; and ordered that the Archbifliop fhould have a 
Copy of the Articles fent him, and a proper Time 
affigned him to put in his Anfwer. 

Nothing more occurs, worth our Notice, in Oc- 

The Month of November begins with a Recital 
of the feveral Articles, to be agreed on between the 
Parliament of England and the Convention of the 


b This corrects a Miftake of Lord Clarendon, who makes Sir 
Tbomas Trtvtr't Fine the fame as Sir Robtrt B:rktUy\ t 

432 The Parliamentary Hi s T OR v 

Ar/ 19. Car. l c Eftates of Scotland ; which upon reading feria- 
1643- tim, in the Houfe of Lords, were feverally agreed 

K-T'T"""' to : Particularly, to pay the Scots 1 00,000 /. as foon 
as it could be raifed, either upon their own Credit, 
or on the Credit of both Kingdoms. But we 
{hall poftpone thefe Articles till they come to be 
fully concluded ; and, in the Interim, prefent the 
Reader with a Copy of fome additional Inftruclions, 
fent at the fame Time, along with the faid Articles, 
to the Parliament's Commiffioners at Edinburgh % 
which are not taken Notice of in the Collections of 
thefe Times. 

Additional in- I. c \7'OU fhall make known to our Brethren of 
the c J[ Scotland^ That the Propofitions exprefled 

in the Pa P ef f tl ? e 2 5 th of Au & u ft laft fent from 
in Scotland, ' Scotland^ concerning the Afliftance defired by both 

* Houfes from that Kingdom, as allb the Propofition 
concerning the fettling a Garrifon in Berwick, have 

* been taken into Confideration by the two Houfes ; 

* and have been, by them, agreed and confented 

* unto, without any material or confiderable Altera- 

* tions. 

II. You are therefore authorized and required, 

* according to thefe V r otes of the two Houfes, here- 

* with fent you, to agree and conclude, in the Name 

* of both Houfes, the faid Propofitions, and to per- 
Tecl the refpe&ive Treaties in that Behalf, with all 

* Expedition; and thereupon to haften, all that pof- 

* fibly may be, the Afliftance expected from that 

* Kingdom ; and to fuffer no further Time to be loft 

* in that Behalf, confidering what Money for the 

* prefent can be raifed is now fent away to them ; 

* and no Diligence (hall be wanting to procure and 

* convey to them what remains, according to the 

* Treaty, fo far as our prefent Straits and Extremi- 
ties will polfibly permit. 

a In thefe additional Inftruftions the following Perfons were ap- 
pointed Commiffioners, befidcs thofe named in the firrt Inftruftions, 
(p. 340 in this Volume) vix. Robert Goedwyn, Richard Barwit, 
Bryan Stafyltoit. and Robert FtmO::k, Efqrs, John K<ndnck t Alda- 
nun, and Me, Allen, 

Of E N G L A N D. 433 

III. * And whereas, by the faid Treaties, feveralAn. 19. Car. I. 

* Things are to be performed and done by the joint l( >43. 

' Advice of both Kingdoms, or their Commiffioners *- "*v~ ~J 

' thereunto authorized, which cannot be fo well ovem er ' 

' tranfaiied but by thofe that (hall be upon the 

' Place ; you have therefore hereby full Power and 

' Authority given you to come into this Kingdom 

' with the Scots Army, and to advife, debate, and 

' conclude with our Brethren of Scotkind y orfuch as 

' {hall be authorized by them thereunto ; and, by 

'joint Advice with them, to put in Execution all 

4 fuch A/Iatters and Things concerning the Well- 

* ordering, Directing, Difpofal, and Accommoda- 
' tion of the Forces brought in and employed by 

* them for our Affiftance, as fhall be found requifite 

* and needful, from Time to Time, for the Profe- 

* cution of this Cattfe, and the Ends exprefled in the 
' Covenant, now folemnly fworn and entered into 

* in both Nations, and in the Propofitions now fent 

* unto you; and you are to acquaint the two Houfes 

* with your Proceedings and Conclufions in the fame, 
' from Time to Time, and to receive and obferve 

* fuch further Directions from them as they (hall 
4 think fit. 

IV. ' You fhall alfo take Care, and are hereby 

* fully authorized, to fequefter, in the Counties of 

* Nottingham, York, Bifhoprick of Durham, Nor- 

* thumberland, Cumberland, and Wejlmor -eland ', and 
e in the Town and County of NewcaJJle upon Tyve, 
1 in the City and County of the City of Tork^ in the 
' Town and County of the Town of Nottingham^ 

* in the Town and County of the Town oiKingftort 
upon Hull, and in the Town and Port of Berwick, 

* the Eftates of fuch Perfons as, by any Ordinance 
' or Ordinances of Parliament, are, or have been,' 

* declared to be fequeftrable, or (hall hereafter be fo 
' declared ; and to proceed therein as in your Di- 
re&ions you (hall find to be moft advantageous to 
the Public Service, to the Intent that the Profits 
6 arifing thereupon may be employed for and to- 
' ward the Payment of the faid Forces, and of fuch 

VOL. XII. E e Forces 

434 ^ P*r&t*ientary HISTORY 

' Forces of this Kingdom as are, or (hall be, raifed 
and employed by the two Houfes of Parliament 
. 'in the faid Counties, Cities, and Towns ; and 
otherwife for the defraying of fuch Charges as 
' fhall grow due for and by reafon of their Affift- 
ance of us in this War : And you {hall have 

* Power to make Allowance to fuch Perfons as (hall 

* be neceflarily employed in the Execution of the 

* Premifes, as (hall be meet ; and fhall, from Time 
' to Time, give in an Account, in Writing, of your 

* Proceedings in this Bufmefs to both Houfes: And 
' all Lord -Lieutenants, Deputy -Lieutenants, and 

* other Officers and Minifters whatfoever, are here- 

* by enjoined and required to be aiding and aflifting 

* to you herein, as in all Things elle that fhall 

* concern the Good of this Service and the public 

* Interefts of both Kingdoms, exprefled in the Co- 

* venant. 

V. ' And forafmuch as the two Houfes do hold 
c it of abfolute Neceflity, that Commiflioners from 

* the Kingdom of Scotland fhould be forthwith fent 
' to refide in London^ or elfewhere near the Par- 
' liament, with fufficient Power and Authority to 
' treat and conclude of all fuch Things as fhall be 
' neceflary for the Good of the Three Kingdoms, 

* in purfuance of the Covenant and of the late 

* Treaty ; with a further Power to fend fome of 

* themfelves, or any others by joint Confent of 
' this Kingdom, to any the Parts beyond the Seas, 

* for the procuring of Monies, or the Engagement 

* of other States in the Common Caufe ; you 

* fhall therefore, with all- Earneftnefs, prefs this 

* Article, as that without which the whole Bufmefs 
' is like to become very dilatory, if not wholly 

VI. ' You are likewife to advife with our Bre- 
' thren of Scotland^ of the Ways and Means where- 

* by the Public Faith of that Kingdom may be en- 

* gaged and made beneficial for the raifmg and dif- 

* charging of the 2oo,ooo/. to be advanced accord- 
' ing to the Treaty. 


Of E N G L A N D. 435 

VII. * You are likewife to make known to our An. 19. Car. I, 
c Brethren of Scotland the Votes of both Houfes 76 43- 

* concerning the Ceflation of Ireland, lately con- ^- "' -J 
eluded by Pretence of his Majefty's Authority ; ' rembcr * 

' and that it is the Refolution of both Houfes to 
' oppofe to the utmoft, as long as God fhall en- 

* able them thereunto, the faid Ceflation ; and to 

* encourage, as far as lies in their Power, all thofe 
' Forces, as well Scots as other Britijh there, for 
' the utter fubduing of the Rebels, and Prevention 
' of their fetting up Popery in that Kingdom ; and 
' to this End they will fpeedily take Care to make 

* Provrfion of Victuals, Cloaths, and other Ne- 
' ceflaries, for the Subfiftence of thofe Forces which 
' they will fend over, with all Speed, into that King- 
' dom. 

VIII. * You are alfo to confider, with our Bre- 

* thren of Scotland, of the fitteft and beft Ways 

* and Means for the ordering of the Scots and other 

* Britijb Forces in Ireland, at the eafieft Expence 
' and Charge to both Kingdoms, and in fuch 

* Manner as may beft profecute that War, and 
' the Ends exprefled in the Covenant ; and to draw 

* up the fame in Propositions to be prefented fpeedi- 
' ly to the Confideration of both Houfes. And, 

* in the mean Seafon, you are authorized to fettle 
' upon fome Courfe with our Brethren of Scotland, 
' by the joint Advice of the Commiflioners of 
' both Kingdoms, to manage that War and to 
' prevent the prefent Evils ; and fpeedily to make 

* known to both Houfes what you fhall do here- 
' in. 

IX. ' You are alfo, for the Encouragement of 
' the Scots Army in Ireland, to let our Brethren 

* know, that we will haften away, with all Speed, 
c the6o,ooo/. promifed,the io,oooSuits of Cloaths, 
' and fuch other Neceflaries as we fhall be able 
' to provide : And you are to treat and confider, 
' with our Brethren of Scotland, of the Ways that 

* lie in the Power of the two Houfes, to give 

* them Satisfaction for the Remainder of the Arrears 

E e 2 * owing 

436 'Unparliamentary HISTORY 

An, ig. Cy, I.t owing to the faid Army, it being impofiible, for 
* 43 ' the prefent, to pay them in Money. 

'T^E* X - * T ou are to caule the Account of the Scots 
' * Army in Ireland, for Pay of the Officers and 

* Soldiers, to be made up according to the Efta- 
' blifhment of the Engiijb Army there, from the 

* Time of each Regiment and Company's firft Land- 
' ing and Mufter by Mr. Kennedy, untill the Day 

* of Mr. Clayton's Mufter in September^ 1642, and 

* from thence according to Mr. Clayton's Mufter - 

* Rolls, efpecially fuch as were taken this laft 

* Year ; which Account is to be delivered to the 

* Auditors for the Wars in Ireland to ingrofs, and 

* to prefent the fame to the Commons' Houfe of 
' Parliament j and, for this End, the Clerk of the 

* faid Houfe and the Auditor are to deliver you 

* Certificates, under their Hands, of the Particulars 
of the faid Eftablifhment ; and if any Doubts 
' fhall arife thereupon, you are hereby authorized, 
' according to Right and Equity, to endeavour the 

* Removal of the fame, that the Account may have 

* a final Determination.' 

The Earl of Hoi-, November 6. An Account was brought to the 

-^ W h h K- ad Houfe of Lords > that the Earl of Holland , who 
ltOx/'rJ,com g eshad been with the King fome Time, was taken 
back to the Par- by a Party of the Parliament's Forces : Hereupon 
liament. jje was ordered to be committed to the Cuftody 

of the Black Rod ; but, upon Examination, it be- 
ing found that his Lordfliip had left the King, 
and was returning to Parliament, he was fet at Li- 
berty. However, this Earl had a narrow Efcape 
in the Houfe of Commons ; for a Motion for fend- 
ing him to the Tower pafled in the Negative, by 
only 59 againft 58 ; as did another for his being 
made Prifoner elfewhere, by 59 againft 56. - 
Mr. Whitlocke writes, That when his LordOiip was 
examined he faid, ' That when he heard of the 
Ceflation in Ireland^ his Confcience would not 
ive him Leave to flay any longer with them at 
xford? But Lord Clarendon imputes the Earl's 


Henry Rick. 


Of E N G L A N D. 437 

Return to the Parliament to the cold Reception heAn. 19. Car. 
found at Oxford, ' Where he expected, upon his firft l6 43- 
Appearance, to have had his Key reftored to him j ^ V 7~ ' 
to have been in the fame Condition he was in the 
Bed-Chamber, and in the Council, and in the 
King's Grace and Countenance ; for he thought 
nothing of former Mifcarriages ought to be remem- 
bered ; that all thofe were cancelled by the Merit 
of coming to the King now, and bringing fuch con- 
fiderable Perfons with him, and difpofing others to 
follow a . 

November 10. The Commons had framed an 
Ordinance relating to their new Great Seal, which 
the Lords were not over hafty to agree to j at laft, 
on repeated Meffages from the Commons about it, 
the Lords paffed it this Day, with fome few Alte- 
rations ; to which the Commons having agreed, the 
fame was ordered to be printed and publifhed as fol- 
lows : 

WHereas the Great Seal of England^ which, An Ordinance 
by the Laws of this Realm, ought to for ak ' n g a 
attend the Parliament, bein^ the Supreme Court new Great 
of Juftice and Judicature within this Realm, for 
the Difpatch of the great and weighty Affairs of 
the Commonwealth, which is efpecially interefted 
and concerned therein, was, above a Year laft 
paft, (that is to fay, the 22d Day of May, 1642) 
by the then Lord-Keeper thereof, Edward Lord 
Littleton, then a Member and Speaker of the 
Houfe of Peers in Parliament, contrary to the 
great Trull in him repofed, and Duty of his Place, 
fecretly and perfidioufly conveyed away from the 
Parliament into the King's Army, raifed againft 
the Parliament ; the faid Lord-Keeper, departing 
therewith into the faid Army, without the Leave . 
or Privity of the faid Houfe ; by Means where- 
of great P\/lifchiefs and Inconveniences have en- 
fued to this Kingdom, and the Kingdom of Ire- 
land : 

E e 3 And 

a Th: Earls of Bedford, dan, &c. of whom more hereafter. 

438 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. And whereas the faid Great Seal ought con- 
< ftantly to remain in the Hands and Cuftody of one 
' or more Officer or Officers, fworn for that Ser- 
c vice, and to be ufed and employed for the Weal 

* and Safety of his Majefty's People ; which, not- 
c withftanding, hath been divers Times, fmce the 
' conveying away thereof as aforefaid, put into 

* the Hands of other Perfons not fworn, and po- 

* pifhly and dangeroufly affected, who have had 

* the difpofmg and managing thereof at their own 

* Wills and Pleafures ; and hath been traiteroufly 

* and pernicioufly abufcd, to the Ruin and Deftruc- 

* tion of the Parliament and Kingdom, by grant- 

* ing and ifluing out divers illegal Commiffions of 

* Array, and other unlawful Commiffions for rai- 
' (ing of Forces againft the Parliament ; by ifluing 

* out moft foul and fcandalous Papers, under the 

* Name and Title of Proclamations, againft both 

* Houfes of Parliament, and divers Members there- 
' of, and others adhering to them, and proclaim- 

* ing them Traitors and Rebels ; Commiffions of 

* Oyer and Terminer^ to proceed againft divers of 

* them as Traitors, and other Commiffions to feize 
and confifcate their Eftates, for no other Caufe, 

* but for doing their Duties and Services to the 

* Commonwealth ; as likewife by granting that 

* horrid Commiffion, for executing of that moft 
bloody and deteftable Defign of Waller and Tomp- 
' tins, and others, for the Deftruftion of the Par- 

* liament and City of London, and of the Army 

* raifed for their juft Defence ; and (as if MafTa- 

* cres and Aflaffinations had been but light and 
c venial Crimes) another Commiffion hath been 

* granted, under the fame Seal, for a Ceflation of 

* Arms with the barbarous and bloody Rebels in 
Ireland, after the Effufion of fo much innocent 

* Blood, and Slaughter of above 100,000 Prote- 

* ftants, Men, Women, and Children, by their 

* mercilefs and bloody Hands ; whereby a Cefla- 

* tion of Arms is accordingly concluded, and thofe 

* brutifh Rebels thereby emboldened to prepare 

' them- 

Of E N G L A N D. 439 

* themfelves, not only for a total Extirpation of An. 19. Car. I, 
the Proteftants remaining there, but for a Con- l643> 
queft alfo of this Kingdom : And further, by ^ V ~T~ J 
granting of feveral Coinmiflions, and Offices of 

< Truft and Command, to notorious Papifts j who, 
by the Laws and Statutes of this Realm, are 

< made uncapable thereof j and by conferring of 

< Honours and Dignities, and granting of Lands 
' and Eftates to divers exorbitant Delinquents, 
' who ftand legally impeached of Hi-gh Treafon and 

* other High Crimes and Mifdemeanors in Parlia- 
' ment : 

' All which, and many other unlawful and enor- 

* mous Acts, have pafled under the faid Great 
' Seal, fince the Removal thereof from the Par- 
' liament as aforefaid : Which the Lor<ls and 
' Commons taking into their Confideration, and 
' finding all Ways and Means obftru&ed for the 

* procuring of any Redrefs from his Majefty in 

* the Premifes, notwithftanding their long Hopes 
' and incefTant Labours for the obtaining thereof, 
' are bound, in Duty and of Neceffity, to provide 

* fome fpeedy Remedy for thefe infupportable Mif- 

* chiefs : 

* Be it therefore declared and ordained by the 

* faid Lords and Commons afTembled in Parlia- 

* ment, That as well all and every the faid A&s 

* formerly mentioned, which have pafled under 
the faid Great Seal, as alfo all Letters Patent 

* and Grants of any Lands, Goods, or Eftates, 
' of any Perfon or Perfons whatfoever, for adhe- 
' ring to the Parliament ; all Compofitions or 
Grants of any Wardfhips, or Leafes of any Wards, 

* Lands, Liveries, Primier Seifms & Qiifter les 

* Mainesy fince the faid 22d Day of May, 1642, 

* which have not, according to the due Courfe 
of Law, pafled through the Court of Wards 

* and Liveries, eftablifhed by Law : All Grants 

* fince the faid 22d of May^ 1642, of any Ho- 
' nours, Dignities, Manors, Lands, Heredita- 

* ments, or other Thing whatfoever, to any Per- 

c fon 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. f O n or Perfons, which have voluntarily contri- 

. 'lf*l_ . ' buted, or {hall voluntarily contribute, any Aid 

November * or Affiftance to the Maintenance of the unnatu- 

' ral War raifed againft the Parliament j and all 

' Pardons granted to any fuch Per Ton or Perfons j 

' and all other A6b or Things whatfoever, con- 

' trary to, or in Derogation of, the Proceedings 

* of both or either Houfe of Parliament, which 

* have pafled under the faid Great Seal, fince the 
' Removal thereof from the Parliament, {hall be, 

* and are hereby declared to be, utterly Invalid, 

* Void, and of none EfFecl, to all Intents and Pur- 

* pofes. 

' And that all and every Act or Thing, which, 

* after the Publication of this Ordinance, {hall 
' pafs by, or under, the faid Great Seal, or 
4 under any Great Seal of England, (other than 
c what is hereby appointed and eftabliflied) {hall 

* be utterly Void, Fruftrate, and of none Effect ; 

* and every Perfon or Perfons, which (hall put the 

* fame in Ufe, or {hall claim any Thing thereby, 

* fliall be held and adjudged a public Enemy of this 

* State. 

' And be it further ordained by the faid Lords and 

* Commons, That a Great Seal of England, al- 

* ready by them made and provided, fhall be forth - 

* with put in Ufe ; and {hall be, and is hereby 

* authorized and t-ftablifhed to be, of like Force, 

* Power, and Validity, to all Intents and Purpofes 

* as any Great Seal ot England hath been, or ought 

* to be. 

' And that it fliall be put into the Hands and 
' Cuftody of the Perfons hereafter named, who are 
' hereby ordained Commiffioners for that Purpofe ; 
' that is to fay, John Earl of Rutland, and Oil- 

* ver Earl of Bolingbroke, Members of the Houfe 
6 of Peers ; Oliver St. John, Efq; his Maje- 
fty's Sollicitor- General , John Wilde, Serjeant 


o The Parliament continued to give Mr. St. John the'Title of 
Solliriror General, though his Majefty had long before revoked li/s 
Patent, and conferred that Office "on Sir Thomas Gardner, who h::J 
been put out of his Place of Recorder of Leaden by the Parliament en 
Account of his taking Part with the King. 

Of ENGLAND. 441 

* at Law, Samuel Brown and Edmund Prideaux,An. 19. Car. I. 

* Efqrs. Members of the Houfe of Commons; 1(J 43- 

' which faid Perfons, or any three or more of them, *~ ~~ ' 
whereof one Member or more of the Lords' Houfe, ' lber * 
' alfo one Member or more of the Houfe of Cofn- 
c mons, fhall be prefent, fhall have, and are hereby 

* authorized to have, the Keeping, Ordering, and 
' Difpofing thereof; as alfo all fuch and the like 

* Power and Authority, as any Lord- Chancellor, 

* or Lord-Keeper, or Commiffioner of the Great 
' Seal, for the Time being, hath had, ufed, or 
' ought to have,' 

Mr. Whltlode informs us, That the Earl of 
Rutland, appointed one of the Commiflioners by the 
foregoing Ordinance, defired to be excufed, as not 
underftanding the Law, nor the Oath to be taken : 
Whereupon the Earl of Kent (whom Lord Claren- 
don ftiles a A'lan of far meaner Parts) readily ac- 
cepted the Place.' 

A few Days after the new Great Seal was car- 
ried up by the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, 
the whole Houfe attending him, and delivered to 
the Speaker of the Lords' Houfe ; who, in the Pre- 
fence of both Houfes, delivered it to the Commif- 
fioners ; and they all took an Oath to execute the 
Office of Keepers of the Great Seal of England*, in 
all Things according to the Orders and Directions 
of both Houfes of Parliament ; the Speaker of the 
Peers fwearing the two Lords, and Mr. Brown, 
Clerk to the Parliament, the four Commoners. It 
was then carried to Mr. Browns, Houfe, in the Old 
Palace, and put into a Cheft, with three different 
Locks ; not to be opened but when" three of thai 
Commiflioners were prefent. 

Nov. u. A Memorial was prefented to the 
Houfe of Lords, from the Ambaffador of France, 
and read : It was in French, and the Purport of 
it was to make Propofals, in general, for an Ac- 
commodation between the King and Parliament, in 

* the 


an Accommoda- 

442 *Ths Parliamentary HISTORY 
An. 19. Car. l.the Name of the French King. The Lords having 

communicated this Memorial to the Commons, 

after a Day or two's Confideration, returned this 

Anfwer : 

TheParliament's * The Lords having received from the Prince 
Anfwer to the D'Harcourt, Ambaflador Extraordinary in Eng- 
land, by the Earl of Northumberland, a Paper in 
beec Verba, C3V. and having communicated it to 
the Commons, both Houfes, upon Confideration 
thereof, do think fit that this Anfwer {hall be re- 
turned thereunto: That the Lords and Commons, 
aflembled in the Parliament of England, will al- 
ways, with due Refpe&s, acknowledge fuch good 
Affe&ion, as from the King his Matter an(T the 
Queen his Miftrefs {hall be, at any Time, ex- 
prefled to the King and thefe Kingdoms : Profef- 
fing that they defire nothing more than fuch a 
Peace, as may as well procure Honour and Hap- 
pinefs to the King, as the Prefervation of the 
true Reformed Religion, the Privileges of Parlia- 
ment, and the Liberty of the Subjects, in his 
Majefty's Three Kingdoms, according to their late 
Solemn League and Covenant. And when the 
Prince D'Hanourt {hall, from and in the Name 
of the King his Mafter, propofe any Thing to the 
Lords and Commons, aflembled in the Parliament 
of England, they will thereupon do that which 
{hall be fit, and which {hall juftify their Proceed- 
ings to all the World ; and that they had been 
forced to take up Arms for their own juft and 
necefiary Defence.' 

The Archbifliop Nov. 13. The Archbifhop of Canterbury was 

of Canterbury brought to the Bar of the Houfe of Lords, and re- 

P cads, Not guil-q u | re( j^ ^y them, to give in his Anfwer to the 

Impeachment of the Houfe of Corrrmons againft 

him. Which Anfwer was very {hort ; for it only 

lays, ' That all Exceptions to the faid Articles of 

' Impeachment to this Defendant faved, he faith, 

4 He is not guilty of all or any the Matters charged 

* by the faid Impeachment, in fuch Manner and 

* Form 

Of ENGLAND. 443 

* Form as are, by the faid Articles, charged againftAn. i 9 . Car. I. 
' him.' The Archbifhop then made a Speech, and l6 43- 
was remanded to the Tower. **- v-^ 


A 7 **/. 20. An Ordinance, very neceflary at this 
Time, was agreed to by both Houfes, concerning 
the Prefervation of Records, sV. the Preamble to 
which was as follows : 

* Whereas by the feveral Ordinances of Seque-AnOrdinancefox 
e ftratton, &c. there have been, within the Cities the Prefervatioa 

of London and Weftmmjler, fequeftred and 

* by Diftrefs, amongft other Goods, divers Manu- 

* fcripts, or written Books, Proceedings of Courts, 
' Evidences of Lands, Rentals, Account- Books, 

* and other Kind of Writings and written Papers 

* and Parchments ; as alfo fome whole Libraries, 
' and choice Collections of printed Books of feve- 
' ral Arts and Faculties ; the Difperfmg of which, 
' by Sale and otherwife, may be much more difad- 
' vantageous and prejudicial to the Public, both for 
' the prefent and for Pofterity, and alfo to divers 
c particular Perfons well -affected to the Parliament, 
' than the Benefit of their Sale can anywife recom- 
' penfe : 

' Therefore the Lords and Commons do ordain, 

An Affair happened, this Day alfo, in the Houfe 
of Commons, which fully fhews the Miferies the 
whole Kingdom was driven to, when the Capital 
of it had fo large a Share. This will be beft ex- 
prefTed by an Abftracl out of the Journals of the 
Commons themfelves, and needs no other Introduc- 

The Houfe being informed that divers of the A Remonftnnce 
Committee of the Militia of London were at j3^!/o?3ieir 
Door, and defired to propound fomething to the gre at Wants and 
Houfe, they were called in : And Mr. Speaker, by Neceffities. 


d About this Time the Parliament appointed William Lentbal!, 
Efq; Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, to be Mailer of the Rolls, 
and Join Sslden t Efq} Keeper of the Records in the Tower. 

Jf'bitlcikt, p. 73. 

444 %% e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. Command of the Houfe, acquainted them that they 
l6 43^ had Liberty to fpeak : Whereupon Alderman Gibbs 

^T^T fpoke as follows : 
November. _. - , .,. . .. r 

4 That they are of the Mmtia or London^ ana 

' are fent by them to make known to this Houfe, 

* that the City of London is, at this Time, under 
4 two great Wants, and defire Leave to exprefs 
6 them. 

i. * They are in great Want of Money, and de- 
' fire you (hould know the Caufes of it. 

' It is not unknown that we have advanced great 
' Sums ? at feveral Times, being thereto follicited 
4 by feveral Members of this Houfe, both for this 
' Kingdom and the Kingdom of Ireland; and have 
4 received feveral Securities for Repayment of them; 
4 as the Royal Subfidy, the Twentieth Part, the 
' Weekly Afieflments, and other Engagements; but, 
. * of all ihefe, nor of any one of theie, have we re- 
' ceived any Benefit. 

* We humbly recommend unto you the Re- 
4 medy, That the Members of this Honourable 
' Houfe may be encouraged to make ufe of their 
' Interefts, in their feveral Counties, for the col- 

* leering and bringing up thofe Monies, that we 
4 may be the better able to do you Service : The 
4 Want of it doth admit of great Inconvenience, for 

* where the King's Party break in, they get the 

* Money j and the State, in the mean Time, pays 
4 Ufe for it ; and we are difenabled for the Wane 

* of it. 

* Another Occafion of our great Wants is, thofe 
' many Difburfements, at feveral Times, for our 

* feveral Services, that we have made ; and the 
4 many Provifions we have iflued for Arms, Am- 

* munition, and Victuals, upon extreme Exigents, 

* for my Lord-General's Army : We have like- 
4 wife ilfued out great Engagements to our Army 

* that went twice into Kent and Ghucefter, and 

* done thofe great Services: We have iflued out 

* great Sums of Money, to raife Forces under Sir 

* William Waller , whe. n he was broken all to Pieces - y 
' and forhe to thofe Forces now abroad. 

4 When 

Of ENGLAND. 445 

' When our Accounts are fettled, we fhall then An. 19. Car. 1. 
' crave Leave to tender them unto you ; whereupon, 1643. 

* we hope, we (hall. receive Satisfaction; for, fmce v ~ v-**^, 
' we bear the Charge of the Kingdom, we fhould November ' 

* be repaid out of the Kingdom. 

* Our Forces, now abroad, want Money ; two 
' Regiments of Horfe, confifting of 14 Troops, 

* and three Regiments of Foot, under the Com- 
' mand of my Lord-General, have been abroad 

* above a Month ; befides three Regiments with Sir 

* William Waller : Ten thoufand Pounds for thofe 
'with my Lord-General; and four or five thou- 
' fand to thofe with Sir William Waller. They are 
' Citizens, civilly bread, and cannot make ufe of 
' thofe Means for their Supply, as other common 

* Soldiers do that are ufed to the War ; and now 
' are brought to thofe Neceffities that they muft 
' come home. We have ufed our utmoft En- 

* deavour to fupply them ; but, at prefent, we can- 
' not help them. We have addrefTed ourfelves to 

* my Lord- General, hoping to have had fome of 

* the Monies that was going to rny Lord-General, 
' for the Payment of our Forces. My Lord-Gene- 
' ral declared he was not able to fpare it, unlefs it 
' be the three thoufand Pounds allotted him for the 
' recruiting his Army ; and what ill Confequence 

* this may produce, I am forry to mention. 

2. * You are not ignorant that, for thefe many 
' Months paft, my Lord-General hath wanted 
' Recruiting; and fo weak, that he hath not been 
' able to do the Service of the Kingdom, or re- ' 

* ftrain the Enemy from enlarging his Quarters. 
' Confider, our City Forces were raifed for the 

* Guard of the City, and are Tradefmen, and 
' when they are abroad their Plow lieth ftill at 
' home ; and, befides, they lofe their Employ- 
' ment ; and you cannot be ignorant that, if the 
' Courfe be continued, it will be a great Wailing of 

* for preventing whereof this Remedy is of- 
< fered, That my Lord- General's Army be fpee- 

446 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. l. dily recruited ; and that the City of London may 
' be confidered of as a Place that hath much ad- 
November ' vanced, and is drawn dry : Our rich Men are 

* gone, becaufe the City is the Place of Taxes and 

* Burdens: Trade is decayed, and our Shops (hut 

* up in a great Meafure : Our Poor do much in- 
'creafe: We defire you, for future Taxes, that 
' they may bear but their Proportion, and not be 

* over-burdened. I fhould be Joath to be mifun- 

* derftood, that any that hear me (hould think we 

* begin to be difcouraged in the Service of the 

* Parliament : Though our Difficulties be great, 

* nay, if far greater, we (hall no ways alter our 

* Refolutions ; but, according to our Covenant, do 
' our Endeavours. We are not able, neither are 

* we willing, to bear thofe Reproaches caft upon us, 
c who do alledge that we are a turbulent and fac- 

* tious People, and feditious ; all for War, and will 
' admit of no Peace on any Terms. Thefe are bit- 
ter Afperfions out of black Mouths and bitter 
' Pens. We are not willing to anticipate, but 

* wait upon the Great Council, fo we are not 

* willing to bear fuch Afperfions ; for it is Peace 

* we pray for and fight for ; but fuch a Peace as is 

* for the Glory of God, and Safety of Religion : 
' And this we. defire to live to fee, and to die ra- 

* ther than to outlive it ; and do wait your Timfc 

* to take fuch Opportunity, in thefe Things, as may 
1 Hand with your great Occafions ; and, till then, 
' we remain your humble Servants. This one Word 
' more we defire to leave with you, To fupply 
c us with Monies as may lead us out of thefe Dif- 
' ficuhies.' 

* The Aldermen and Citizens were again called 
in, and Mr. Speaker, by the Command of the 
Houle, acquainted them, * That the Houfe had 
confidered of what they had propounded unto 
them, and found it to be full of Weight, and to 
deferve a fadder and further Confideration, than to 
give a fudden and particular Anfwer unto : They 
had and would diftribute it into fuch Way of Pro- 
ceedings, as might give them the fpeedieft and 


Of E N G L A N D. 447 

cleared Satisfaction. The Houfe hath likewife An. 19. Car. I, 
taken Notice, how, upon all Occafions, they have 
expreffed their Affections to the Public ; and how, 
at this Time, they have affured them of their con- 
ftant Refolution to continue in the Defence of Reli- 
gion, Liberty, and Privileges of Parliament. He is 
commanded to return them, and by them the whole 
Committee of the Militia and City, hearty Thanks 
for their true Love and Zeal to the Public ; and to 
aflure them, that neither in the Defires that they 
have now propounded, nor in any Thing elfe that 
may advance the Public Security, (hall they want 
the Encouragement and Affiftance of this Houfe.' 

Nov. 25. Amongft fome other Papers of lefs 
Note, fent from Scotland, were read, in the Houfe 
of Lords, Copies of two Letters from the King to 
the Council of State in that Kingdom : The Pur- 
port of the former, which was occafioned by a Pro- 
clamation they had ifiued, in the King's Name, 
requiring all Perfons from fixteen to fixty to appear 
in Arms in Defence of the Solemn League and Co- 
venant, we have already given. The other, which 
may be called his Majefty's laft Effort to ftop the 
advancing of the Scots Army farther into England, 
with the Council's Anfwer to it, are too interefting 
to bear any Abridgement ; and we therefore give 
them as they ftand in the Lords' Journals. And, 
firft, the King's Letter, dated from Oxford the 26th 
of September, 1643. 


Right Tritjiy and Well-beloved Coufins and Conn- 
fellers, &c. -we greet you well, 

( "\TO Induftry could hitherto fo far have pre- The King's Let- 
' IN vailed with us to gain any Belief that our ter to th ? /"" 

* Scots Subjects would countenance, much lefs tf^SS^S 

* fift, this bloody Rebellion in England; yet we their Army iat 
' know not how to underftand the levying of Forces, 

c both Horfe and Foot, within our native Kingdom, 

* and the entering of our Town of Berwick in an 


44 8 Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. 4 hoftile Manner. You are particularly trufted 

l6 43- by us and our Parliament (and folemnly fwornj 

^ V T* - ' * to be faithful in the Difcharge of your Trutt 

' of feeing the Articles of the late Treaty obferved, 

c which here are moft grofsly violated ; therefore 

4 we require you, as you will be anfwerable to 

* God, to us, and to our Parliament, to take a 
c fpeedy and prefent Order for recalling and fuppref- 
' fing thefe Forces. 

* Our moft malicious Enemies muft bear us 
' Witnefs how religioufly we have obferved thefe 
c Articles on our Part ; whereof if we had not 
4 been more tender than the Advifers of this Breach 

* have been of the Public Faith, it is obvious to any 

* how eafily we could have fecured that Town from 
all Rebels. 

' We have likewife thought fit to take Notice of 

* the prefent Preparation in that our Kingdom, of 

* raifing an Army, by a new Authority, to come into 

* our Kingdom of England, under a Pretence of fe- 

* curing themfelves from the Invafions of a Popifh 
c and Prelatical Army, falfely alledged to be upon 

* the Borders ; fuch Forces as we have there being 
c only for protecting of our diftrefled Subjects of 
' Berwick and the Holy-ljland from the Invafion of 

* the Rebels by their Ships, and for no other End : 

* Such then as flicker themfelves under that Pretext 
' will find, from thefe, but a flender Warrant be- 

* fore God, who knows the Integrity of our Heart ; 

* and how inviolably we intend to preferve all that 

* we have granted unto that Kingdom, fo long as 

* they fhall fuffer themfelves to be capable of our 
' Protection and thofc Favours. 

' Therefore we do require you not only to oppofc 

* and fupprefs all fuch unwarrantable Levies ; but, 

* by your public Declarations, to difabufe thofe Re- 

* bels in England^ who endeavour to engage you 

* in their Rebellions, and accept Affiftance from 
" c you. 

4 In all which we look for your ready Obedience ; 

* and, expecting a prefent Account thereof, we bid 

* you heartily farewell.' 


Of E N G L A N D. 449 

Next was read a Copy of the Privy Council of An. 19. Car. I. 
Scotland's Anfwer to the King at Oxford^ dated at 
Edinburgh the igth of Oftober. NJ^ben' 

Mojl Sacred Sovereign^ 

f T Tl TE received your Majefty's two Letters of Their Anfwetj 
' VV f he 1 6th and 26th of September laft ; and 

* as we fliall ever be ready, by our Example, and 

* Authority which your Majefty and Parliament 
c hath committed to us, to render and procure fub- 

* mifs and ready Obedience to all your Majefty's 
c juft Commands ; fo we cannot, out of the Senfe 
' of our Duty and Truft put upon us, but exprefs 

* our unfeigned Grief and Sorrow, that any ftiould 

* prefume to give fuch finifter Informations and 
' hard Impreflions to your Majefty, of the Ge- 

* neral Aflembly of the Kirk of God and three 
' Eftates of this Kingdom ; to brand their Pro- 

* ceedings with fo heavy Imputations, as the Vio- 
6 lation of their Religion, Allegiance to your Ma- 
' jefty, and Laws of this Kingdom ; and procu- 

* ring fuch Commandments as cannot, without 

* Violation of all thefe, be obtempered. The en- 

* tering into a mutual League and Covenant was 

* refolved upon by the General Aflembly and Con- 

* vention of Eftates, after a mature Deliberation, 

* as a chief Means for Prefervation of Religion, 

* your Majefty's Honour and Happinefs, and the 

* Peace and Safety of your Kingdoms ; and being 
embraced, as it now is in England, was thought 
fit to be enjoined to be taken by all your Maje- 
4 fty's Subjects ; and is accordingly, before the Ke- 

* ceipt of your Majefty's Letters, ordained, by the 
Commiflioners of the General Aflembly and Com- 
' mittee of Eftates, to be, with all religious Solem- 
' nities, fworn and fubfcribed by all your Majefty's 
' Subjects of this Kingdom ; as your Majefty 

* may perceive by the feveral Acts prefixed to the 
' Covenant, which we have herewith fent to your 

VOL. XII. F f And 

450 2Tfe Parliamentary HISTORY 

I. ' And fmce the General Aflembly and Conven- 
' tion of Eftates have thought fit and ordained this 
Nov mber ' Covenant to ^ entered i nto and tn ^t all who do 
' take the fame do folemnly fwear, That they have 

* no other End before their Eyes, but the Glory of 
' God, the Prefervation of Religion, your Maje- 
' fly's Honour, and the true public Liberties and 

* Peace of thefe Kingdoms ; it is our earneft Prayer, 

* and would be our exceeding great Joy, that your 
' Majefty, as Defender of the Faith, and Monarch 

> 'of the Three Kingdoms, would, to the Rejoicing 
' of the People of God, and Terror to all the Ene- 
' mies of Religion, and of your Majefty's Greatnefs 
' and Happinefs, join your Royal Confent and Au- 
4 thority, and be the chief Maintainer and Promoter 
' of this Covenant. 

< The Proclamation of the i8th of Auguft, by 
c the Convention of Eftates, wants not the War- 
' rant of your Majefty's Royal Authority ; for the 
c whole Proclamations and Citations given out by 

* any of your Majefty's Judicatories of this King- 

* dom, are, and ever have been, by the Laws and 
< inviolable Practice thereof, emitted in your Ma- 
'jefty's Name j and if all the Proclamations, not 
' immediately warranted by your Majefty's Self, 
fhall be difobeyed, there ca'n be no Obedience 

* given here to your Majefty's Laws, which is the 
fureft Rule of Obedience. 

' And as the Eftates of this your Majefty's King- 

* dom, during the Time of the late Convention, 
' from the Apprehenfion of imminent Dangers to 

* Religion, your Majefty's Perfon, and Peace of 

* this Kingdom, thought then fit to put this King- 

* dom into a Pofture of Defence, fo doth the late 

* Ceflation in Ireland ; whereby the Popifh Re- 
' bels (who are termed, in the faid Ceflation, your 
' Majefty's Catholic Subjects, and who have maf- 
' facred many Thoufand Proteftant Subjects there) 

* are authorized to provide themfelves with all Sorts 

* of Arms and Ammunition, not only in your Ma- 
'jefty's Kingdoms, but alfo in all other King- 

1 doms 

Of ENGLAND. 451 

* Kingdoms and States with whom your Majefty An. 19. Car. I, 
' is in League ; and to profecute all your Majefty's 

' Proteftant Subjects who ftiall not embrace the 
' Ceflation offered, which is another juft Ground 
' to all your Majefty's Proteftant Subjects, to join 

* the more fpeedily and heartily in this mutual 
' League and Covenant, for the Defence of the 
4 Proteftant Religion, your Majefty's Honour, and 
c for their own Safety : And as, by the Duty of our 
e Place, we are obliged to this Freedom ; fo we 
' are confident that your Majefty, in your Royal 
' Wifdom, will, according to the Loyalty and 
' Sincerity of our Intentions, favourably conftrul 
' that we cannot record nor publim thefe your Ma- 
' jefty's Letters j as that which would but grieve 
c the Hearts of your good Subje6ls, and prove 
' moft difadvantageous to your Majefty's Service ; 

* which we (hall ever ftudy to advance, with 

* that Affection and Fidelity which becometh 

Nothing elfe material occurring in this Month, 
we proceed to December. 

The AiTembly of Divines, fitting at Weftminfter, 
had made many Orders of Synod, which they pre- 
fented to both Houfes for their Approbation. Thefe 
are, in fome Meafure, foreign to our Purpofe, and 
too tedious to bear Recital : But, as a Specimen of 
the Purity of their Intentions, and their earneft En- 
deavours towards reforming both the Religion and 
Morals of a wicked Age, take the following Ex- 
trail from the Lords' Journals. 

Dec. i. The Houfe was informed that fome Di- 
vines were ready at the Door, to offer fomething to 
this Houfe, from the Aflembly ; hereupon the Lords 
ordered they fhould be called in, and Dr. BurgeJJc^ 
Mr. Calamy* Mr. Obadlah Sedgewick, and Mr. 
Chamber^ prefented to the Houfe a Petition, which 
was read as followeth : 

F f 2 To 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ah. 19. Car. l.To the Right Honourable the LORDS aflembled in 
l6 43- Parliament, 

December. p^.. humble MESSAGE and PETITION of the Af- 
fembly of Divines. 

Petition from the CT* HE Ajjembly of Divines , in all Humility and 
Affembly of Di- J. Dif c harge of their Duty to God and to this Ho- 

vines, to appoint / *. J . / , , f 

Godly Magi- nourable Houfe, do inform your Lordjhips of the Jad 
itrates, &c. Complaints brought unto them from many Godly and 
Reverend Divines in and about London, concerning 
the daily Increafe and Growth cf all Manner of out- 
rageous and intolerable Abominations ; fuch as Drun- 
kennefs, Swearing, Uncleannefs, and other crying Sins y 
in very many Places in this Kingdom, for Want of 
Godly and Zealous Magijlrates to reprefs the fame ; 
which cannot but highly provoke the Lord to more 
fVrath again/? this Kingdom, in this Day of his 
Wrath already broken out upon his People, and render 
fruitlefs all your pious Endeavours for the Reforma- 
tion and Weal of this Kingdom , unlefs it be effectually 
and fpeedily cured. 

The Ajjembly, therefore, mcjl humbly prayeth, That, 
according to your great Wifdom and Zeal for the 
Public, there may be a fpeedy appointing and fettling 
of fame Able, Godly, Prudent Magijlrates, that may 
refide in all Places of the Kingdom where your Wif- 
dom /hall find it necejfary, to give a fpeedy Stop to 
thofe high Provocations of Almighty God, and the 
mojl dangerous Supplanters of all our Hopes of Good 
from the Parliament or the AJJembly. 

Moreover, the Affembly having received a Paper 9 
in the Behalf of fome Godly and Hopeful Students of 
the Univerfity of Oxford, with Requejl to recommend 
it to the Honourable Houfes of Parliament ; the Af- 
fembly, in all humble ways, prefenteth the fame to this 
Mo/l Honourable Houfe, conceiving it worthy of your 
noble Thoughts and Favour, yet not prefurning to in- 
lerpofe their Senfe ; and albeit they apprehend it to 
be a Bufinefs of extraordinary Conference, for which 
much might be faid t they lay all at your Lordfnips' 

Of E N G L A N D. 453 

Laftly, The Affembiy having divers weighty BuJi- An - 19. Car. I, 
nefs impofed on them by one or both the Honourable 
Houfes of Parliament, ^vhlch do occajion extraordi- 
nary Labour to the Scribes, and lay upon them more 
Work than they are able to difpatch ; the S/Jfembly 
prayeth, That the Honourable Houfes of Parliament 
would be pkafed to add Mr. John Wallis, a Judi- 
cious and Godly young Man, to be an Amanuenfis and 
Jjjiftant to the Scribes in the AJfembly in this public 

All which the Ajjembly mofl humbly fubmitteth to 
the IVifdom and Prudence of your Lord/hips, incef- 
fantly import lining the Throne of Grace to pour down 
richly and daily the choicejl of his Graces upon your 
Honours, and to follow all your noble Endeavours 
with a Blejjing to the King's Majefty, the Church, 
Kingdom, and yourfelves, 


December 4. The Parliament had been greatly 
embarrafled with the Prince D'Harcourt, ever fince 
his coming over in Quality of a Mediator on the 
Part of the French King : And the Houfe of Com- 
mons infilling on fome Credentials being prefented 
to either Houfe, before they treated with him, the 
Matter was fufpended for fome Time. The Lords 
indeed feemed willing to relax this new-afiumed 
Piece of Sovereignty, and only defired the Ambafia- 
dor to fign any Memorial or Propofal to them with A Conference 
his Name. This occafioned a Conference between concerning the 
the two Houfes, when a Committee was P r ^P^ >ft 
by the Lords, to fit and find out an Expedient how 
the French Ambaflador might make his Addreflesdor. 
to Parliament by fubfcribing his Name : But it 
was objected to by the Commons, and for thefe Rea- 
fons : 

ijt, * Becaufe the Houfe of Commons do conceive 

the two Houfes cannot, as yet, take Notice of any 

Thing that hath proceeded from the Prince D'ffar- 

aurt, as a Perfon qualified from the French King. 

F f 3 to 

454- Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. I. to treat with the Lords and Commons aflembled in 

1643- the Parliament of England ; or that he can give 

^ -v- -^ AfTurance that the French King will be obliged 

December. unio w hat he fhall propound unto the two Houfes : 

And, untill fuch Time, the Houfe of Commons do 

not think it agreeable to the Honour of the Houfes, 

or fafe for the Proceedings of Parliament, to appoint 

any Committee to confider of the Manner or Way 

of receiving what fhall be propounded by the Prince 


* The French Agent, Monfieur De Btifmon, 
lately fent from the French King to the Privy 
Council of Scotland^ did firft deliver in his Letters 
of Credence, before he prefented that which he 
had to propound from the French King his Ma- 

2dly t ' If the Prince D'Harcourt have any Thing 
to propound from the French King to the Lords and 
Commons aflembled in the Parliament of England, 
the Houfe of Commons do conceive, that the Houfes 
have done nothing to barr or hinder the Prince 
D'Harcourt from the ufual and fitting Ways of Ad- 
drefs to them, and fuch as are honourable for him : 

1. * He may apply himfelf to the Speaker of cither 
or both Houfes of Parliament, by himfelf, or fuch 
Perfons as he fhall intruft to that Purpofe, to defire 
Audience, in the Name of the King his Mafter, 
for what he hath to propound from the French King 
to both or either Houfes of the Parliament of Eng- 

2. ' Or elfe, what he hath to propound from the 
King his Mafter to the Houfes, he may direct either 
to the Houfes themfelves, or their Speakers, attefted 
under his Hand j as is expected from the Ambaffa- 
dors of England ', and is pratifed by them in their 
Negotiations with foreign States. It is that alfo 
which the King himfelf ufeth in his Meflages to the 
two Houfes : And it is that which the French Agent, 
Monfieur De Boiftncn> hath lately done to the Privy 
Council of Scotland; and that which the Minifters 


Of E N G L A N D. 455 

of foreign States have done, and do, to the Parlia-An, TO. Car. I. 
rnent, upon Occafion. / 

Next was read a Copy of the French King's Let- 
ter, fent by Monficur DeBsiftnon, Agent to the French 
King, to the Council of Scotland, translated into 

Moft Dear and Great Friends, 

CT* H E R E have been, from all Times, Glances The Trench 
* between the Kings our PredeceJ/ors, and thofe o/ K n >s Letter to 
Scotland, which have been obferved fo facredly and 
faithfully, that the Faithfulness of the one and the 
ether Nation hath been acknowledged and publijhed 
as a Miracle to all the People of the World. We 
have been raifed to the Command of the firft and moft 
famous Monarchy of Europe, and we would conserve 
the Friendjhip of the moji valorous Nation that in- 
habits it ; and, to give Tejlimony hereof, bear Part 
in their Affairs. You have deputed unto us, with 
the Confent of the King of Great Britain, Monjjg- 
nor the Earl of Lothian ; who, being returned fatif- 
fed, we fent you Monjieur De Boifmon, by the Ad- 
vice of the ^ue en- Regent, our moft honoured Lady 
and Mother, to carry you the Affurance of the Conti- 
nuance of our Affection, 

He hath fame Matters to propound to you ; we pray 
you to receive Credence, in all which he Jhall fay to 
you in our Behalf, and to apply yourfelves to give us 
Satisfaction therein, as our mojl true and moft antient 
Allies. It is that which we promife ourfehes from 
your Prudence, and that you will not be failing to your 
own Interefts ; which Jhall ever be to us in fingular 
Ejleem, fo long as you have, for your Aim, the Obe- 
dience and Service of the King your Majler. Thus 
we pray God to keep you, mojl Dear and Great Friends ', 
in his mo/l holy and divine Protection. 

Written at Paris the 24th of September, 1643. 

Sic fubfcribitur. 



45 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. l.Tbe PROPOSITIONS of Monfieur De Boifmon to the 
6 43- Council of Scotland. 

December. * rTT^HAT, according to the Inftruc~tions which 
' J_ the Lords and Council of Scotland have given 

* to the Earl of Lothian^ their Deputy, with the Con- 
And his Agent's* fent of the King of Great-Britain, the faid Lords, 
Propofitions to < as f ar as ^^ Power extends, fhould confirm the 

' antient Alliances of France and Scotland. 

' That, for this Effect, the Scots do not, direclly 
' nor indireftly, enter with At ms into England^ be it 

* under Pretence to ferve the King of Great-Britain^ 

* or of Religion, without exprefs Commiflion from 
' the King their Mafter ; and, forafmuch as this 
8 Article prefles the Molt Chriftian King, to give a 

* fpeedy and punctual Anfwer. 

* That the Lords and Council of Scotland would 

* have no Regard to the Difference of Religion in 

* thofe who do inroll or {hall be inrolled there to 
' ferve, according to the Example of the Moft 
Chriftian King to fuch as ferve in France ; and be- 

* caufe the Churches of Scotland have determined, 
' in their Aflembly, the contrary, that the Council 
c of Scotland would grant out an Order to recall the 

* fame. 

* Monfieur De Boifmon hath Command, from the 
' King his Mafter, to make yet fome further Pro- 

* pofitions ; but as thefe are the principal, and thofe 

* which regard the holding faft, or breaking off, the 

* Alliance of the two Kingdoms of France and Siot- 
' land, he is ordered to receive an Anfwer, in the firft 
Place, to thefe. 


The ANSWER of tie Council of Scotland to the PRO- 
POSITIONS which Monfieur DC Boifmcn hath made 
Jo them from the Moft Cbrifnan King. 

Tkir Anfwer. c rr^O the firft ; When the Council of Scotland 
X ft^U receive from the Earl of Lothian an 
' Account of his Proceedings in his Employment 
' in France, they will, according to their Power, 


Of E N G L A N D. 457 

* give fuch a refpeclful Anfwer, as may (hew their An, 19. Car. 
' Willingnefs to renew and entertain the antient .if 43 ' 

' Alliance betwixt the Kingdoms of Scotland and December 
' France. 

' To the fecund Article they can give no Anfwer, 
' feeing the conferving of the Peace between the 
' two Kingdoms is committed, by his Majefty and 
' Eftates of Parliament, to a Committee appointed 

* for that EffecT: ; and the late Convention of Eftates, 

* having alfo received the Propofitions from the 
' Commiflioners of both Houfes of the Parliament 
c of England^ for the further fecuring of the Re- 

* ligion and Peace of their Kingdom, have in- 

* trufted the Confideration thereof to a Committee 

* of their own Members ; who the Council are con- 

* fident will proceed in thefe Affairs as becometh 
' them, in Duty and Confcience towards God, in 
' Loyalty to the King, and in Refpecl of the Good of 

* the Kingdom. 

e To the third Article ; fince the National Aflem- 

* bly of the Church of Scotland is independent* what 

* hath been concluded by them cannot be recalled by 
< the Council. 

' As the Council hath anfwered the principal Pro- 
1 portions according to their Power, and in fuch Sort 

* as can give no juft Occafion of Offence to the 

* French King ; being willing, inviolably, to keep 
' the Amity which hath been fo religioufly obferved 
' thefe many Years , they hope that thofe who have 
' the Charge of the French King and his Affairs in 
' his Nonage, will be better advifed than to make 
' the Particulars any Occafion of Breach with his 

* antient Allies, whom his Royal PredecelTors, in 

* their greateft Difficulties, have found to be the rea- 

* dieft and fureft Friends. 

' So that wnen any other Propofitions (hall be made 

* to them by Monfieur De Boifinon, they will return 

* fuch an Anfwer thereunto as appertaineth.' 

But to return to the further Progrefs of the War. 

Dec. 5. The Lord- General EJjex informed tho 

Lords, That he had received Advice from Sir ff/il- 


458 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. \>l\ am Waller, acquainting him the King was advan- 
!^ _**!_, cing to Bafing, which Place Sir William had be- 
Dccember. fieged. That the Parliament's Army under Sir Wil- 
liam was very weak, and defired them to confider 
of a fpeedy Way, both to recruit and maintain it. 
Referred to a Conference. 

The Earl of/^r- The Lords and Commons having- made an Or- 
L^H^Ad- d 'nance for commuting Robert Earl of Warwick 
nuralof/W, Lord-High-Admiral of England, this Day, De- 
fy the Parlia- cember 9, his Lordfhip moved in the Houfe, That 
the Lords would take it into their prefent Confide- 
ration, how to make Provifion of Flefh, Ammu- 
nition, and other Neceffaries, for fetting forth the 
next Year's Navy : That this was the Month pro- 
per for fuch Provifion, or elfe it would be impofli- 
ble to get the Navy fitted out in Time : That, up- 
on Advice, it was thought fit to have, at leaft, forty- 
fix Ships to guard the Seas ; and 60,000 /. was re- 
quired to be prefently advanced for Provifions, dsV, 
as appeared by an Eftimate made for that Pur- 

It is certain, by this, that the Parliament was under 
a Dread that France, or fome other foreign Power, 
would exert themfelves in the King's Favour, which 
made them agree to equip fuch a Fleet to prevent it. 
It may not be aniifs to give here the Eftimate, to 
inform the preient Age of the Expence thought ne- 
ceflary for fuch an Equipment in the laft. 

The CERTIFICATE and ESTIMATE of the Charge of 
the Fleet, fent to the Lord- Admiral from the Com- 
miffunen, of the Navy. 

An Eftimate of c /% Ccording to your Lordfhip's Order, we 

the Charge of the t J-^ have ferioufly debated what Number of 

Fleet. < Men are requifite for a Fleet for the next Year's 

' Service ; and do humbly conceive there cannot 

* be lefs than 5000 allotted for the Service of the 
Fleet, if the State refolve to keep the Seas in 



Of E N G L A N D. 459 

Thefe 5000 Men will fupply forty-fix Sail of An. 19. Car. 

* Ships, viz. 1.643. 

2 of the fecond Rank, C-*-v-^ 

9 of the third Rank, 
20 of the fourth Rank, 
10 of the fifth Rank, and 

5 of the fixth Rank. 
* Of thefe forty -fix Ships there are twenty-fix of 

* his Majefty's that may be fitted for the Service, the 
' reft, viz. twenty, muft be taken up in the River 

* from the Merchants. 

' We alfo conceive that thofe forty-fix Sail of Ships 
c may be diftributed thus : 
jo to the Weft, 
1 6 for Ireland and the Severn, 
12 for the Downs , and 
8 for the Coafts of Scotland, according to the 

Parliament's Agreement. 

' We do alfo conceive that 3000 Men, in 
thirty of his Majefty's and the Merchant Ships, 
will be a competent Winter-Guard for the next 

' If your Lordfliip (hall refolve to fix upon this 
Number of Men and Ships, for the next Year's 
Service, we humbly defire your Lordfhip to repre- 
fent to the Houfe the State of the whole Navy for 
this and the next Year's Service, in the Heads fol- 
lowing, viz. 

/. s. d. 

For the Charge of 5000 Men') 
in twenty-fix of his Majefty's j 
and twenty Merchant Ships, for ^130,000 O O 
eieht Months Service in the J 
Year 1644- 

For the Charge of 3000 Men, l 
in thirty Ships, for the next Win- > 6c,OCO O O 
ter's Guards for five Months j 
For the ordinary Expence of 1 
the whole Navy, in Harbour, for > 1 8,oco O o 
the Year 1644 3 ' 

Carried over 208,000 o o 

An. 19. Car. I. 



460 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

/. s. d. 
Brought over 208,000 O o 

For the Charge of the extra-^ 
ordinary and ordinary Expence 
of the next Year's Service, in ^ 20,000 O O 
the Office of the Ordnance, 
per Eftimation 

For the Victuals of 4000 Men," 
for fix Months, in forty Ships, 
fuppofed to be fet at Sea, as Re- 24,000 O 
prizals, according to a late Or- 

For the Payment of the Or-* 
dinary for this Year's Winter- 
Guard, now at Sea, the Freight 
of fundry Merchant-men al- 
ready difcharged, and for di- ^ 40,000 O Q 
vers other Provifions due to 
fundry Men in this and the 
laft Year's Service, the^Sum 

'Total 292,000 o o 

4 Which faid Sum of 292,000 /. we defire may 
be fettled out of the Revenues of the Cuftoms 
and Excife, to be paid to the Treafurer of the 
Navy, before your Lordfhips proceed in the Ser- 

' We are confident little or nothing can be aba- 
ted with Safety ; yet if the Houfes (hall not tnink 
fit to allow fo great a Number of Men or Ships, 
we defire your Lordfhips that, whatfoever they fhall 
think fit to order, the Money may, in the firft 
Place, be affigned to be paid in to the Treafurer 
of the Navy before the Service be undertaken ; 
for we are not able to wade any further in the 
Service, unlefs our Credit be preferved by current 

' The Payment of the aforefaid Sum of 292,000 /. 
may be feafonably fupplied as followeth : 



For Victuals and Stores for > /. 
the Summer's Fleet 3 50,000 

For Victuals of Merchant } 
Ships fuppofed to be fet forth S- 10,000 o o 
as Reprizals j 

' The reft as the Service may require, and the 
6 State (hall, be enabled. 

4 We have propounded the Bufinefs of the Vic- 
e tuals to Mr. Alcock) who abfolutely refufeth it by 

* way of Contract ; but yet offers his Endeavours in 
< it by way of Account, provided he may be ena- 

* bled with Monies to proceed chearfully therein, 

* and have fome other able Men joined with him in 

* the Management of that Service. We believe we 
' fhall not be able to get any Men to undertake the 
' Bufinefs by Contract, and therefore defire your 
' Lordfhip to fend unto Mr. Alcock^ and fettle the 
Bufmefs upon him as your Lordfhip mail think 

* fit, that the Service may not fuffer for Want of 
' fettling that Office ; all which we leave to your 
4 Lordfhip's Wifdom, and remain, at your Lord- 
' {hip's Command, 


December 5, 1643. JOHN MoRRIS, 


The Earl of Warwick moved, That a Conference 
might be had prefently with the Houfe of Commons, 
to communicate this Eftimate to them, and defire 
that fome Courfe may be fpeedily taken to procure 
Monies and other Provifions, that no Time be loft 
to expedite this Bufinefs. This was done accord- 

December u. Some Orders, made by the Houfe 
of Commons this Day, give us Occafion to men- 
tion the Death of Mr. Pymme, one of the moft 
active Members that ever fat in that Houfe : And 
the Refpedt they fhewed to his Memory is with- 
out a Precedent in the whole Courfe of thefe 
Inquiries : For we find, in the Journals , * That 
a Committee, there named, was appointed to con- 
fid er 

462 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 19. Car. i.fider of the Eftate of Mr. Pymme y deceafed, ar. ! 
l6 43- to offer what they think fit to be done in Con-' 
*^*~*T ~~* fideration of it to the Houfe ; iike\v..j 

r * Care to prepare a Monument for him ; ?.t the Charge 
The Death of > the Commonwealth. It was alfo orJvr-d, That 
Mr Pymme, to the Body of Mr. Pymme be interred in Jfr tftr- infter 
whofe Memory Abbey, without any Charge for breaking; open the 
Sder C a m Monu Ground there 5 and thaf the Speaker," wuh the 
rant to be erea- whole Houfe, do accompany his Body to the Inter- 
& merit. 

Mr. JWtitlocke fays, That Mr. Pymme died the 
latter End of May ; but the Proceedings of Parlia- 
ment fince that Date, as well as the above-recited 
Orders, evidently prove this to be a Miftake. This 
Memorialift afcribes Mr. Pymme 's Death, chiefly, 
to his exceffive Fatigue in the Service of Parlia- 
ment a . Lord Clarendon fays, He died of the 

Morbus Pediculofus ; and, after the higheft Com- 
mendation of his Abilities, and the heavieft Cen- 
fure of his Actions, concludes with faying, * That 
as, during his Sicknefs, he was a very fad Spec- 
tacle, fo that none were admitted to him who had 
not concurred with him, it is not known what his 

laft Thoughts and Confiderations were b .' But 

Mr. Rujhwortb fays, ' The Report of his dying of 
the Diftemper before-mentioned was not true ; and 
that, for public Satisfaction therein, his dead Body 
was for fonie Time expofed to, and viewed by, ma- 
ny Hundreds of People : The true natural Caufe of 
his Death feeming to be the great Pains he took, 
joined with a competent old Age, and at beft but 
an infirm Conftitution.' He alfo gives us a Jong De- 
claration of Mr. Pymme'S) fetting forth the Grounds 
and Reafons of his Conduit in Parliament ; Xvhich 
he had caufed to be printed and publifhed fome Time 
before his Deceafe c . 

By fome fubfequent Orders, it appears that Mr. 
Pymme died greatly in Debt, though poflefTed of 
the Place of Lieutenant of the Ordnance ; for, Ja- 
nuary 13, we find the Commons referred it to the 


Memorial, p. 66. b Clartndtn, Vol. Ill, Sw. p. 46z. 
Rujhwortb, Vol. V. p. JT. 

Of ENGLAND. 463 

aforefaid Committee to confider of fome other Way An. 19. Car. I. 
for a Recom pence to the Pofterity of Mr. Pymme, l6 43- 
and Payment of thofe Debts he had contracted for ^^TT^ 
the Service of the Commonwealth, than they had 
yet thought on ; and to ufe all Diligence to find out 
fome fit Return, anfwerable to the Memory and ^ n a vote 
Merit of fo great a Man. Accordingly, afterwards, 10,000 /. for 
the whole Houfe undertook to pay the Debts o f a >' ment of *"' 
Mr. Pymme^ not exceeding 10,000 /. 

This Digreflion, upon fo unprecedented an In- 
ilance, the Reader will excufe : Proceed we now 
with the Thread of our Hiftory. 

Dec. 12. In the Bufmefs of this Day, amongft 
the Lords, we find this Entry, * It was moved that 
this Houfe fhould declare it, as their Opinion, that 
no Member of either Houfe of Parliament might 
be admitted to execute any Place of Profit ; and a 
Committee of feven Lords were ordered to draw 
up an Order, and word it to that Senfe.' Thefe 
withdrawing, foon returned with fuch an Order ; 
and then the Queftion was put, Whether that Pa- 
per, now read, fhould be entered as the Opinion 
and Refolution of this Houfe ? Which palled in the 

Ordered, by the Lords and Commons aflembled 
in Parliament, ' That the Opinion and Refolution 
of this Houfe is, from henceforth, not to admit the 
Members of either Houfe of Parliament into any 
Place or Office, excepting fuch Places of great 
Truft as are to be executed by Perfons of Eminency 
and known Integrity, and are neceflary for the Go- 
vernment and Safety of the Kingdom. 

But another Queftion being put, Whether this 
fhall be drawn up into an Ordinance ? it pafled in 
the Negative. Thus this Political Teft was quaftied 
for this Time ; but '